CN102951965B - Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102951965B
CN102951965B CN201210422218.7A CN201210422218A CN102951965B CN 102951965 B CN102951965 B CN 102951965B CN 201210422218 A CN201210422218 A CN 201210422218A CN 102951965 B CN102951965 B CN 102951965B
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fertilizer
making
zeolite powder
calcium superphosphate
add
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CN102951965A (en
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刘忠菊
叶宣微
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Di Bao Bio Tech Ltd Guizhou
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Di Bao Bio Tech Ltd Guizhou
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to an organic fertilizer and a preparation method thereof. A formula of the organic fertilizer comprises by weight: 40%-60% of excrement, 3%-15% of straw, 5%-10% of deodorization strains, 4%-10% of calcium superphosphate, 4%-10% of oil cake, 2%-5% of sugar liquid, 1%-6% of ash, 1%-6% of a zeolite powder and 3%-9% of functional bacteria. The preparation method comprises the steps of fermentation and blending. The invention has the beneficial effects of effectively controlling stink of manure and reducing fermentation time to avoid environmental pollution, and reducing the production cost.

Description

A kind of fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fertilizer production, be specifically related to a kind of fertilizer and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
In recent years, China's aquaculture development is swift and violent, and towards specialization, mass-producing, intensive future development.Meanwhile, the waste of aquaculture discharge is also more and more, and feces of livestock and poultry contains a large amount of organic pollutants, and only mono-of COD just reaches 7,118 ten thousand tons, considerably beyond the COD summation of industry and Sewage Pollution thing.Current due to reasons such as fund and technology; decontamination of human excreta, resource utilization and commercialization processing rate are less than 5%; scale animal and poultry cultivation has become the main source of China's rural environmental pollution; to ecotope, cause immense pressure, also become one of major obstacle of restriction aquaculture sustainable development simultaneously.Therefore, the animal waste of enormous amount is converted into organic commercial fertilizer through biological fermentation, turns waste into wealth, meet the principle that waste is administered minimizing, resource utilization, innoxious and ecology, can produce huge society, ecology and economic benefit, also can change the problems such as Soil structure simultaneously.
In fowl and animal excrement, contain the plant nutrient ingredients such as a large amount of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and various trace elements, also contain ammonia, amine, hydrogen sulfide, indoles, urate, pathogenic bacterium and worm's ovum etc. simultaneously and cause the objectionable impurities that air is dirty, affect the mankind and animal health.Mostly by biofermentation technique, process fowl and animal excrement now, the stink compositions such as hydrogen sulfide in fowl and animal excrement, indoles, amine are cleared up rapidly, and can also make the Degradation and Transformation such as Mierocrystalline cellulose in fowl and animal excrement, protein, lipid is material useful to plant and that can directly absorb.And there is following shortcoming in existing biofermentation technique: fermentation period is long, kill harmful bacterium and worm's ovum are not thorough, organic substance turnover ratio is low, dehydration rate is low, deodorizing effect is poor, as the application number Chinese invention patent " a kind of microbial organic fertilizer and Chemical Mixed Fertilizer and preparation method thereof " that is 200910063131.3.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of fertilizer and preparation method thereof, and effectively thoroughly the stench of kill harmful bacterium and worm's ovum, elimination fertilizer and minimizing fermentation time, prevent thereby realize the object that environment is polluted and reduces production costs.
The technical solution used in the present invention is a kind of fertilizer, and its formula and weight percentage thereof consist of: ight soil 40%~60%, stalk 3%~15%, deodorizing bacterium 5%~10%, calcium superphosphate 4%~10%, oil cake 4%~10%, liquid glucose 2%~5%, plant ash 1%~6%, zeolite powder 1%~6% and function yeast 3%~9%.
Further, its formula and weight percentage thereof consist of: ight soil 45%~55%, stalk 4%~13%, deodorizing bacterium 6%~9%, calcium superphosphate 5%~9%, oil cake 5%~9%, liquid glucose 3%~5%, plant ash 2%~5%, zeolite powder 2%~5% and function yeast 4%~8%.
Further, its formula and weight percentage thereof consist of: ight soil 48%~52%, stalk 5%~12%, deodorizing bacterium 5%~8%, calcium superphosphate 6%~8%, oil cake 6%~8%, liquid glucose 4%~5%, plant ash 3%~5%, zeolite powder 3%~5% and function yeast 6%~7%.
In addition, the making method of described a kind of fertilizer, the method comprises the following steps:
A, fermentation: ight soil and stalk are stirred, obtain mixture, add deodorizing bacterium to ferment, then turning repeatedly, dehydration, makes the weight percentage of described mixture reduce by 70%~80%;
B, batch mixing: add calcium superphosphate, oil cake, liquid glucose, plant ash, zeolite powder and function yeast, stir, being set to of heap, pulverizes, and obtains finished product.
Further, in described a step, leavening temperature is 65~80 ℃.
Concrete, in described a step, leavening temperature is 75 ℃.
Further, in described a step, turning is that whole fermenting process turns over 3~4 times repeatedly, within every 3~5 days, turns over once.
Further, in described b step, the time of being set to of heap is 3~5 days.
Further, in described b step, grinding particle size is 20 orders.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: in (1) this preparation method, owing to having added deodorizing bacterium, can eliminate the stink of the objectionable impuritiess such as ammonia in ight soil, indoles, hydrogen sulfide, thereby can make produced fertilizer without unpleasant odor, prevent that environment from being polluted; Separately also can, in fertilizer fermenting process, control the breeding of pathogenic agent bacterium and can kill pathogenic agent bacterium and worm's ovum; (2) in this preparation method, add calcium superphosphate, for increasing the phosphorus content in fertilizer; Add oil cake, liquid glucose and plant ash for regulating nutrient and organic matter; Add zeolite powder for loosening the soil; (3) in this preparation method, add function yeast, for regulating soil nutrient, can also promote the absorption of plant to N, C, P and mineral element; (4) this preparation method adopts being set to of heap technology, utilizes the Metabolic activity of microorganism decompose and change the organic matter in material, makes nutritive element and organic matter in material reach stable and innoxious; (5) this fertilizer can be improved soil, and culture fertility, for farm crop provide nutrition, also can promote the activity of soil microorganisms, thereby increases the output of farm crop and the quality of raising agricultural-food.
Embodiment
For making those skilled in the art understand in detail production technique of the present invention and technique effect, with concrete production instance, further introduce application of the present invention and technique effect below.
Embodiment mono-:
55kg ight soil and 10kg stalk are stirred, obtain mixture, add 6kg deodorizing bacterium to ferment, leavening temperature is 75 ℃, turning repeatedly, and wherein whole fermenting process turning is 3 times, within every 3 days, turns over once, and dehydration makes the weight reducing 70% of mixture; Then add 6kg calcium superphosphate, 6kg oil cake, 3kg liquid glucose, 4kg plant ash, 4kg zeolite powder and 6kg function yeast, stir, being set to of heap 3 days, is crushed to 20 orders, and metering packing warehouse-in, obtains 54.5kg finished product, and conversion rate of organic matter is 83.8%.This product correlation detection result is as shown in table 1.
Embodiment bis-:
50kg ight soil and 10kg stalk are stirred, obtain mixture, add 7kg deodorizing bacterium to ferment, leavening temperature is 75 ℃, turning repeatedly, and wherein whole fermenting process turning is 3 times, within every 4 days, turns over once, and dehydration makes the weight reducing 80% of mixture; Then add 8kg calcium superphosphate, 8kg oil cake, 5kg liquid glucose, 2kg plant ash, 3kg zeolite powder and 7kg function yeast, stir, being set to of heap 4 days, is crushed to 20 orders, and metering packing warehouse-in, obtains 52kg finished product, and conversion rate of organic matter is 86.7%.This product correlation detection result is as shown in table 1.
Embodiment tri-:
45kg ight soil and 15kg stalk are stirred, obtain mixture, add 8kg deodorizing bacterium to ferment, leavening temperature is 75 ℃, turning repeatedly, and wherein whole fermenting process turning is 4 times, within every 3 days, turns over once, and dehydration makes the weight reducing 75% of mixture; Then add 7kg calcium superphosphate, 7kg oil cake, 4kg liquid glucose, 3kg plant ash, 4kg zeolite powder and 7kg function yeast, stir, being set to of heap 5 days, is crushed to 20 orders, and metering packing warehouse-in, obtains 55kg finished product, and conversion rate of organic matter is 91.7%.This product correlation detection result is as shown in table 1.
Embodiment tetra-:
60kg ight soil and 10kg stalk are stirred, obtain mixture, add 10kg deodorizing bacterium to ferment, leavening temperature is 75 ℃, turning repeatedly, and wherein whole fermenting process turning is 3 times, within every 5 days, turns over once, and dehydration makes the weight reducing 75% of mixture; Then add 4kg calcium superphosphate, 4kg oil cake, 4kg liquid glucose, 1kg plant ash, 1kg zeolite powder and 6kg function yeast, stir, being set to of heap 5 days, is crushed to 20 orders, and metering packing warehouse-in, obtains 47.5kg finished product, and conversion rate of organic matter is 67.9%.This product correlation detection result is as shown in table 1.
Table 1 product correlation detection result
Name of product Smell Fermentation time Conversion rate of organic matter Dehydration rate
Embodiment mono- Without unpleasant odor 9 days 83.8% 70%
Embodiment bis- Without unpleasant odor 12 days 86.7% 80%
Embodiment tri- Without unpleasant odor 12 days 91.7% 75%
Embodiment tetra- Without unpleasant odor 15 days 67.9% 75%
Fertilizer of the prior art Stench 25 days 45% 50%
Data in above-mentioned table 1 are that the product in fertilizer of the prior art and each embodiment is detected respectively.Wherein, fertilizer of the prior art is to adopt making method described in the Chinese invention patent " a kind of microbial organic fertilizer and Chemical Mixed Fertilizer and preparation method thereof " that application number is 200910063131.3 to be prepared.As can be seen from Table 1, adopt technical solution of the present invention to make the fertilizer obtaining, its smell, without unpleasant odor, is obviously better than fertilizer of the prior art; Another fermentation time, conversion rate of organic matter and dehydration rate are all better than fertilizer of the prior art.
In the present invention, add deodorizing bacterium to fermenting, in fermenting process, can produce a large amount of heats, thereby can make the moisture evaporation in ight soil and stalk mixture go out, reach the effect of dehydration; And the heat producing can effectively thorough kill harmful bacterium and worm's ovum.Add calcium superphosphate, for increasing the phosphorus content in fertilizer, add oil cake, liquid glucose and plant ash for regulating nutrient and the organic matter of fertilizer, add zeolite powder for being convenient to loosen the soil when using fertilizer.Adopt the technique of being set to of heap, can utilize the Metabolic activity of microorganism decompose and change the organic matter in material, make nutritive element and organic matter in material reach stable and innoxious.
In addition, the deodorizing bacterium adopting in above-described embodiment and function yeast are all purchased from greenery patches, Jiaxing biological environmental production company limited, and the lot identification mark of deodorizing bacterium is 20110612, and the lot identification mark of function yeast is 20110412.This deodorizing bacterium mainly contains photosynthetic bacterium, has respectively Rhodopseudomonas spheroides (Rhodopseudomonas spheroides), capsula Rhodopseudomonas (Rhodopseudomonas capsulata), Rhodopseudomonas palustris (Rhodopseudomonas palustris); This function yeast mainly contains brown ball nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Azotobacter chroococcum), phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium (Bacillus megatherium phosphaticum), colloid bacillus cereus (Bacillus mucilaginosus), subtilis (Bacillus subtilis), Bacillus licheniformis (Bacillus licheniformis), bacillus cereus (Bacillus cereus) and photosynthetic bacterium.Wherein, photosynthetic bacterium can utilize luminous energy to using carbonic acid gas or organism as carbon source and growth and breeding forms compound microflora, can promote to move the growth of (planting) thing, enhancing body resistance against diseases, the stench of removal ight soil, improve the ecological environment, improve the advantages such as cultivation surviving rate; Can also improve photosynthetic efficiency, increase chlorophyll content, regulating plant metabolism, improve plant nutrition, Promoting plant growth, also improves soil material transformation function simultaneously, promote the propagation of useful soil microorganisms, Suppressing phytopathogens develops and spreads, and participates in the material cycle of soil ecology, meets the requirement of producing green food.It is glucose that genus bacillus can be manufactured amylorrhexis starch, can manufacture proteolytic enzyme protolysate matter is amino acid, can reduce fowl, poultry enteron aisle produces malicious intestinal bacteria, reduces the level of ammonia in body, and cultivate or tunning can reach some conventional microbiotic effect.The Main Function of brown ball nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium and colloid bacillus cereus is: (1) assimilates airborne nitrogen in soil and crop rhizosphere, supply crop nitrogen nutrition; (2) insoluble phosphorus in soil can be converted into the utilizable available phosphorus of crop, improve the nutrition of crop phosphorus element; (3) can be to mica in soil, feldspars etc. decompose containing aluminosilicate and the phosphatic rock of potassium, discharge potassium, phosphorus and other ash elements, improve the nutritional condition of crop.This type of interior raw symbiosis genus bacillus such as subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis and bacillus cereus is according to plant microecology, to learn a class yield increasing fungus of principle screening, can be in plant Colonization inside plants, breeding, transfer, play the effect of the individual micro-ecology of regulating plant, there is raising crop yield, improve fruit quality, strengthen the effect of crop resistance.

Claims (7)

1. a making method for fertilizer, is characterized in that: formula and the weight percentage thereof of described fertilizer consist of: ight soil 45%~55%, stalk 4%~13%, deodorizing bacterium 6%~9%, calcium superphosphate 5%~9%, oil cake 5%~9%, liquid glucose 3%~5%, plant ash 2%~5%, zeolite powder 2%~5% and function yeast 4%~8%;
The method comprises the following steps: a, fermentation: ight soil and stalk are stirred, obtain mixture, add deodorizing bacterium to ferment, and then turning repeatedly, dehydration, makes the weight percentage of described mixture reduce by 70%~80%; B, batch mixing: add calcium superphosphate, oil cake, liquid glucose, plant ash, zeolite powder and function yeast, stir, being set to of heap, pulverizes, and obtains finished product.
2. the making method of a kind of fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: formula and the weight percentage thereof of described fertilizer consist of: ight soil 48%~52%, stalk 5%~12%, deodorizing bacterium 5%~8%, calcium superphosphate 6%~8%, oil cake 6%~8%, liquid glucose 4%~5%, plant ash 3%~5%, zeolite powder 3%~5% and function yeast 6%~7%.
3. the making method of a kind of fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described a step, leavening temperature is 65~80 ℃.
4. the making method of a kind of fertilizer according to claim 3, is characterized in that: in described a step, leavening temperature is 75 ℃.
5. the making method of a kind of fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described a step, turning is that whole fermenting process turns over 3~4 times repeatedly, within every 3~5 days, turns over once.
6. the making method of a kind of fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described b step, the time of being set to of heap is 3~5 days.
7. the making method of a kind of fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described b step, grinding particle size is 20 orders.
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107602176A (en) * 2016-07-12 2018-01-19 郑德剑 A kind of preparation method of liquid organic fertilizer

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CN103483067A (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-01-01 安徽省成仓复合肥有限公司 Acidic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
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CN103641651A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-19 马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司 A soil activation type fertilizer and a preparation method thereof
CN104744181A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-07-01 贵州地宝生物科技有限公司 Bio-organic fertilizer for promoting growth of tea plant and preparation method of bio-organic fertilizer
CN107382567A (en) * 2015-04-30 2017-11-24 夏放军 A kind of green environment protective biological organic fertilizer and its preparation technology
CN104961570A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-07 贵州地宝生物科技有限公司 Chitosan bio-organic fertilizer for fruit trees and preparing method thereof
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CN113233940A (en) * 2016-01-19 2021-08-10 广东粤法生态农业科技有限公司 Zeolite type bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106045709A (en) * 2016-06-18 2016-10-26 榕江县继武茶业有限责任公司 Organic fertilizer for tea trees
CN107032853A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-08-11 北海康维生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of fermentation process of golden pineapple Special basal fertilizer
CN108191520A (en) * 2018-01-03 2018-06-22 安徽科源农业生物科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer of odorless
CN109988040A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-07-09 张翘楚 A kind of fresh cow dung/Straw manures and preparation method thereof

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