CN102950621A - Equipment on basis of automatically punching bottle cap and punching method thereof - Google Patents

Equipment on basis of automatically punching bottle cap and punching method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102950621A
CN102950621A CN2012104871619A CN201210487161A CN102950621A CN 102950621 A CN102950621 A CN 102950621A CN 2012104871619 A CN2012104871619 A CN 2012104871619A CN 201210487161 A CN201210487161 A CN 201210487161A CN 102950621 A CN102950621 A CN 102950621A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
punching
bottle cap
punch
shrouding disc
cam
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Granted
Application number
CN2012104871619A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102950621B (en
Inventor
税刚
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SICHUAN XINGDA ROBOT CO., LTD.
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SICHUAN XINGDA PACKAGING EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201210487161.9A priority Critical patent/CN102950621B/en
Publication of CN102950621A publication Critical patent/CN102950621A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102950621B publication Critical patent/CN102950621B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses equipment on basis of automatically punching a bottle cap. The equipment comprises an installation rack, wherein a locating plate is arranged on an upper part of the installation rack; three-layer structures are arranged in the locating plate, the installation rack and a support pillar; a punching unit is arranged on a middle layer in each three-layer structure; the punching units are sequentially arrayed to form a circumferential structure; a punching cam is arranged on a bottom end of the locating plate; a bottommost end of the punching cam is in contact with a top end of one punching unit; after an idler wheel is in contact with the punching cam, a pressing rod is driven to move downwards gradually, the pressing rod pushes a punching nail downwards, the punching nail is in contact with the bottle cap, and a punching nail seat is moved downwards; when a lower mold is in contact with the bottle cap, the idler wheel is moved along a bottom end of the punching cam, and the punching nail presses downwards; and when the idler wheel is moved to the bottommost end of the punching cam, the punching nail penetrates through the bottle cap so as to be in contact with the lower mold, so that the punching is realized. The equipment and a method have a simple and convenient principle, and adopt the automation process, the production efficiency of the bottle cap is improved, the quality of the bottle cap is ensured, and production accidents are prevented.

Description

Based on equipment and the hole-punching method thereof to the bottle cap automatic punching
Technical field
The present invention relates to punching apparatus and method thereof, specifically relate to based on equipment and hole-punching method thereof to the bottle cap automatic punching, belong to the manufacture field to plastic bottle closure.
Background technology
Punching refers to get various figures to adapt to different demands at materials such as steel plate, leather, cloth, planks, specifically has: cross bore, diamond hole, fish scale hole, Eight characters hole, hexagonal hole, punched-plate, slotted hole, cubic hole, circular hole, punching expanded metals, delthyrium etc.Bottle cap is the important ring of bag and bottle packing, also is the place that the consumer contacts with product at first.Bottle cap has the content of maintenance product airtight performance, also has the function of antitheft unlatching and security aspect, therefore is applied in widely on the bottled product, so bottle cap is food, drink industry, wine, chemical industry, the upstream industry of pharmacy industry is the key product of bottle container packing.The development of bottle cap is to use cork in early days, and tinplate crown plug and twist-off cap continue the long-neck aluminium lid of developing aluminium matter so far, carbonic acid drink aluminium lid, hot filling aluminium lid, parenteral solution aluminium lid, medicine lid, flip-up style ring cowling, the products such as safety knobs pawl lid and plastic bottle lid.
The kind of bottle cap is a lot, wherein has to use metal stretching spare, because the needs of follow-up assembling, these tensioning members need to carry out at the top punching.The existing mode of production is to carry out at punch press, and by manually coming feeding, feeding, this processing mode is larger to operator's danger, easily security incident occurs and production efficiency is low, yields poorly, and can't realize producing in enormous quantities.
Content of the present invention
Order of the present invention is to overcome the shortcoming and defect of above-mentioned prior art, provide a kind of based on equipment and hole-punching method thereof to the bottle cap automatic punching, this equipment and Method And Principle are easy, adopt automated process, improved production efficiency, improve the matter reason of product, improved safety in production and ensured, avoided occurring production accident
Purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: based on the equipment to the bottle cap automatic punching, comprise installing rack, the installing rack top is provided with location-plate, be provided with some support columns between location-plate and the installing rack, the two ends of support column are fixed with location-plate and installing rack respectively, location-plate, be provided with three-decker in the zone that installing rack and support column consist of, be provided with several punching units on the intermediate layer in the described three-decker, punching unit is arranged in order the formation circle configurations, the bottom of location-plate is provided with the punching cam, the lowermost end of punching cam contacts with the top of one of them punching unit all the time, and the crooked radian of punching cam is identical with the radian of the circle configurations that punching unit consists of.
At installing rack three-decker is set, for layering equipment to be moved, prevent the interference situation, the punching cam only has one, and each is depressed through its punching unit, realizes the punching to bottle cap, several punching units are arranged in order and are circumferential simultaneously, the crooked radian of punching cam is identical with the radian of circumferential, so that all punching units all can by the punching cam, be realized the whole smooth of the course of work.
Further, described punching unit comprises die shoe, be fixed on the counterdie of die shoe upper surface, stripper plate, prefabricating plate, punch and depression bar, the top of depression bar is fixed with roller, die shoe is fixed on the intermediate layer, the die shoe upper surface is provided with two guide posts, counterdie is arranged between the guide post, stripper plate is arranged on the top of counterdie, prefabricating plate is arranged on the top of stripper plate, the prefabricating plate top is fixed with the punch seat, punch is passed the punch seat, and depression bar is arranged on the top of punch seat, is provided with two pilot holes on the punch seat, pilot hole be arranged on corresponding guide post directly over, the bottom of depression bar is connected with punch, all be provided with through hole on prefabricating plate and the stripper plate, and the center line of through hole is on same straight line, through hole passes when depressing for punch, be provided with two leads on the punch seat, depression bar is arranged between the lead, and the depression bar outer wall forms groove towards the side at circle configurations center indent.
In technique scheme, the quantity of guide post and lead is not specifically limited, respectively counterdie and depression bar are positioned, generally all be to adopt more than two, counterdie and depression bar are arranged on its interior volume that centers on, more accurate when the location, guide post is in the process of punching unit punching, be through the inside of pilot hole always, pump, realize the action of different station, same lead also is arranged in the corresponding hole in the course of the work, pump, the punch seat is as the pedestal of a guiding punch, so that punch is to the contact impact of bottle cap the time, and can be owing to the anti-force that is subject to produces skew, affect the effect of punching, the hole of punch seat inside is used for the constraint punch; The roller at depression bar top is convenient to stablize upperly when contacting with the punching cam, utilizes the arc characteristic of roller periphery, improves the stability when upper, operating steadily of whole system given security, and the quality of punching also can guarantee.
Further, the superiors in the described three-decker are retainer ring one, the intermediate layer is retainer ring two, and orlop is the chip removal ring, and is provided with chip removal mouth on the chip removal ring, evenly be provided with several through holes on the retainer ring one, it is inner that depression bar passes corresponding through hole, and punching unit evenly is arranged on the retainer ring two, and the upper surface of described retainer ring one arranges steady pin, steady pin is near corresponding depression bar, and steady pin one end stretches into inside grooves.
In such scheme, steady pin is arranged on the upper surface of retainer ring one, its quantity is identical with the quantity of punching unit, and the one end stretches into respectively the inside grooves of corresponding depression bar, in the action that depression bar is depressed, steady pin is as a positioner, so that the stroke of depression bar motion is all the time in the length range of groove, the stroke that prevents depression bar is excessive, and the die shoe of bottom is produced excessive impulsive force, cause the STRESS VARIATION of structure, affect service life.
Further, described installing rack inside is provided with actuating unit, one end of actuating unit passes retainer ring one, fix with location-plate behind the center of retainer ring two and chip removal ring, and actuating unit is connected with retainer ring two, be provided with into shrouding disc on the installing rack and go out shrouding disc, and advance the height of shrouding disc and go out the height of shrouding disc that all the height with counterdie is identical, advance shrouding disc and go out the same side that shrouding disc is arranged on circle configurations, the outlet of advancing the import of shrouding disc and going out shrouding disc is back to setting, chip removal mouth is arranged on away from the position that goes out shrouding disc, the bottom lowest part of punching cam be arranged on chip removal mouth directly over.
In technique scheme, for the stationarity in the assurance work, arrange shrouding disc consistent with the height that goes out shrouding disc, and respectively with punching unit that they contact in the height of lower die tip on same straight line, when bottle cap carries out transition between above-mentioned parts, the drop of height can not appear, move more steady, the position of bottle cap easily guarantees, the quality during punching can be guaranteed.
Further, the described bottom of advancing shrouding disc and going out shrouding disc is respectively arranged with charging gear and discharging gear, the bottom of actuating unit is provided with power gear, charging gear, discharging gear and power gear all are arranged on installing rack inside, and charging gear and discharging gear mesh with power gear respectively.
In technique scheme, charging gear, discharging gear and power gear mesh mutually, when being rotated, so that the rotating speed between the gear is consistent, different station is in same speed to the running of each bottle cap before and after guaranteeing, the punching efficient of bottle cap is consistent, has realized pipelining.
Further, the described outer setting of advancing shrouding disc has the adjustment bar, adjusts bar curved, and the radian that connects between its radian and the adjacent punching unit is consistent, adjust an end of bar and fix with the outer wall that advances shrouding disc, the height of adjusting bar is between the height of the height of prefabricating plate and stripper plate.
In technique scheme, adjust bar and utilize its radian, in punching unit, and the end of radian can constantly adjust friction to the outer wall of bottle cap, finally reaches the center of counterdie with the bottle cap smooth transition, and punching quality is stable.
Further, describedly advance shrouding disc and go out to be provided with rotating disc on the shrouding disc, the concave side wall of rotating disc forms several trough body structures that is circular arc, and the stroke of adjacent slot body structure is identical with stroke between the adjacent punching unit, and rotating disc connects with corresponding punching unit separately.
In technique scheme, trough body structure on the rotating disc sidewall, utilize its feature identical with the bottle cap radian, bottle cap is snapped in wherein, and convenient the operation utilized the revolving property of rotating disc, bottle cap constantly is input to punching unit or output equipment, and the stroke of adjacent slot body structure is identical with stroke between the adjacent punching unit, and it the room phenomenon can not appear in the guarantee punching unit, has guaranteed that punching unit can the quota operation.
Method based on to the bottle cap automatic punching may further comprise the steps;
Advance to cover the stage: opening device, utilize power gear with charging gear and discharging gear driven, power gear drives the actuating unit rotation simultaneously, the on-perforated bottle cap that to put in order by belt conveyor is placed on the rotating disc edge on the shrouding disc, utilize the trough body structure on the rotating disc that bottle cap is tightened, under the rotation of rotating disc, move towards punching unit, when the close punching unit of the on-perforated bottle cap of chucking, under the effect of centrifugal force, bottle cap is transferred in the hole on the stripper plate, and prefabricating plate and stripper plate block it, rotate along projected path, bottle cap is realized the location in the horizontal direction by the extruding of adjusting bar.
In the technique scheme, the rotation of power gear, drive retainer ring one and be rotated motion, utilize the meshing characteristic of gear, charging gear and discharging gear driven are rotated, advance on the rotating disc on the shrouding disc to be provided with into Gai Kou, belt will be delivered to for the bottle cap of punching this place, the rotating disc that the rotation of charging gear drives on the shrouding disc rotates, this rotating disc is in carrying out rotation process, when one of them vacant trough body structure rotates to the bottle cap place, utilize the part of trough body structure indent, under the effect of centrifugal force, one of them bottle cap card entry slot body structure of taking advantage of a situation is inner, in the rotating disc rotation, utilize the outer wall and the boss that enters the edge of shrouding disc of rotating disc, the outer wall of bottle cap is realized the location, in order to avoid be thrown out of trough body structure under the effect of centrifugal force, when this trough body structure that sticks bottle cap ran to punching unit, bottle cap had broken away from the constraint of the boss at the edge that advances shrouding disc, under the support of centrifugal force and rebound, this bottle cap is transferred in the hole on the stripper plate, and prefabricating plate presses down pushes down bottle cap, rotates along the desired trajectory of retainer ring one, when just transferring to punching unit, bottle cap is realized the location in the horizontal direction by the extruding of adjusting bar.
The punching stage: when the roller at punching unit top during near the punching cam, because the concavo-convex characteristic of punching cam bottom, roller contact is behind the punching cam, under the effect of pressure, drive depression bar and move downward gradually, it is downward that depression bar promotes punch, and punch contacts with the bottle cap top, the punch seat moves down, it is motionless that die shoe keeps, and when the top of counterdie contacts with the bottom of bottle cap, realizes bottle cap is compressed, roller is in continuation is moved along the bottom of punching cam, punch continues to press down, and punch begins to penetrate bottle cap, when roller moves to the least significant end of punching cam, punch penetrates bottle cap and contacts with the top of counterdie, has realized the punching action.
In such scheme, punching unit is under the rotation of power gear, turn in the time of to touch the punching cam, utilize the roller on the depression bar, bottom with the punching cam contacts reposefully, depression bar begins to descend in vertical height, under the effect of pressure, promote punch downward gradually, so that punch contacts gradually with the top of bottle cap, in this process, guide post and lead all move downward in the hole of correspondence, guarantee location in the vertical direction, when the top of counterdie contacts with the bottom of bottle cap, give from the top down pressure of bottle cap, realization compresses bottle cap, this moment, roller did not also move in the least significant end of punching cam, and roller is in continuation is moved along the bottom of punching cam, and punch continues to press down, utilize the impulsive force of machinery, punch begins to penetrate bottle cap, and when roller moved to the least significant end of punching cam, the impulsive force on the punch can guarantee that fully punch penetrates bottle cap and contacts with the top of counterdie, realized the punching action, and bottle cap generally is to adopt plastic material, and equipment all is to adopt metal material to make, and can guarantee its hardness and stress fully.
Go out to cover the stage: after punching unit is finished the punching action, roller continues to move along the bottom of punching cam, this moment, depression bar began to rise, driving punch begins to rise, bottle cap is blocked in the hole of stripper plate utilization inside, so that bottle cap and punch disengage gradually, after roller leaves the punching cam fully, punch is left bottle cap fully, finishes and takes off lid, and the punching unit after punching is finished is rotated further, when turning to out the shrouding disc place, the bottle cap chucking that the trough body structure that utilizes out shrouding disc is finished punching is transferred to out in the shrouding disc, utilizes the rotation of rotating disc to realize the bottle cap discharging.
In technique scheme, after finishing punching, need to take off lid and go out lid, taking off the process of lid is to continue to move along the bottom of punching cam at roller, the least significant end that this moment, roller passed through the punching cam, depression bar begins to go up gradually the position, when depression bar moves upward, driving punch begins to rise, bottle cap is blocked in the hole of stripper plate utilization inside, the hole of stripper plate inside is designed to up-small and down-big structure, taking off when covering, inwall by the hole pushes the outer wall of bottle cap, so that bottle cap and punch disengage gradually, after roller left the punching cam fully, punch was left bottle cap fully, finish and take off lid, punching unit after punching is finished is rotated further, when turning to out the shrouding disc place, under the effect of centrifugal force, this bottle cap card entry slot body structure is inner, in the rotating disc rotation, utilize the outer wall and the boss that goes out the edge of shrouding disc of rotating disc, the outer wall of bottle cap is realized the location, in order to avoid under the effect of centrifugal force, be thrown out of trough body structure, run to out the exit of shrouding disc when this trough body structure that sticks bottle cap, bottle cap has broken away from the constraint of the boss at the edge that shrouding disc, under the effect of centrifugal force, this bottle cap is thrown away trough body structure, finish discharging.
In sum, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1), having improved safety in production ensures;
(2), improved production efficiency;
(3), reduced labor strength;
(4), liberated the labour;
(5), can realize producing in enormous quantities;
(6), reduced cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is stereogram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is top view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of punching unit.
Mark and corresponding parts title in the accompanying drawing: 1-installing rack; 2-go out shrouding disc; 3-advance shrouding disc; 4-location-plate; 5-support column; 6-punching unit; 6-1-punching unit one; 6-2-punching unit two; 6-3-punching unit three; 6-4-punching unit four; 6-5-punching unit five; 7-punching cam; 8-retainer ring one; 9-retainer ring two; 10-chip removal ring; 11-rotating disc; 12-trough body structure; 13-chip removal mouth; 14-roller; 15-lead; 16-punch; 17-prefabricating plate; 18-stripper plate; 19-die shoe; 20-counterdie; 21-guide post; 22-pilot hole; 23-punch seat; 24-depression bar.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited only to this.
Embodiment:
Such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, based on the equipment to the bottle cap automatic punching, comprise installing rack 1, installing rack 1 top is provided with location-plate 4, be provided with some support columns 5 between location-plate 4 and the installing rack 1, the two ends of support column 5 are fixing with location-plate 4 and installing rack 1 respectively, location-plate 4, be provided with three-decker in the zone that installing rack 4 and support column 5 consist of, be provided with several punching units 6 on the intermediate layer in the described three-decker, punching unit 6 is arranged in order the formation circle configurations, the bottom of location-plate 4 is provided with punching cam 7, the lowermost end of punching cam 7 contacts with the top of one of them punching unit 6 all the time, and the crooked radian of punching cam 7 is identical with the radian of the circle configurations that punching unit 6 consists of.
As shown in Figure 4, described punching unit 6 comprises die shoe 19, be fixed on the counterdie 20 of die shoe 19 upper surfaces, stripper plate 18, prefabricating plate 17, punch 16 and depression bar 24, the top of depression bar 24 is fixed with roller 14, die shoe 19 is fixed on the intermediate layer, die shoe 19 upper surfaces are provided with two guide posts 21, counterdie 20 is arranged between the guide post 21, stripper plate 18 is arranged on the top of counterdie 20, prefabricating plate 17 is arranged on the top of stripper plate 18, prefabricating plate 17 tops are fixed with punch seat 23, punch 16 is passed punch seat 23, depression bar 24 is arranged on the top of punch seat 23, be provided with two pilot holes 22 on the punch seat 23, pilot hole 22 be arranged on corresponding guide post 21 directly over, the bottom of depression bar 24 is connected with punch 16, all be provided with through hole on prefabricating plate 17 and the stripper plate 18, and the center line of through hole is on same straight line, through hole passes when depressing for punch 16, be provided with two leads 15 on the punch seat 23, depression bar 24 is arranged between the lead 15, and depression bar 24 outer walls form groove towards the side at circle configurations center indent.Two pilot holes 22 are convenient to depression bar 24 guide post 21 when pressing down and are stretched in the corresponding pilot hole 22, and the stroke when guaranteeing to press down is stable.
Because the concaveconvex shape of punching cam 7 lower surfaces, at the roller 14 of depression bar 24 end faces gradually in the approach process, roller 14 in carrying out rolling process gradually near the range place of punching cam 7, depression bar 24 moves downward, bottle cap is installed between prefabricating plate 17 and the stripper plate 18, and punch 16 is depressed, and realizes punching, roller 14 is through after the range, depression bar 24 gos up gradually, and punch 16 begins to rise, and stripper plate 18 blocks bottle cap, so that bottle cap and punch 16 disengage, finish and take off lid, the rear bottle cap that punching is finished takes out shrouding disc 2 places in the rotation process of dynamical system, utilizes out the trough body structure 12 chucking bottle caps of shrouding disc 2, transfer to out in the shrouding disc 2, realize discharging; The circle configurations that several punching units 6 consist of repeats to press down punch process, realizes automatic continuous production.
The superiors in the described three-decker are retainer ring 1, the intermediate layer is retainer ring 29, orlop is chip removal ring 10, and be provided with chip removal mouth 13 on the chip removal ring 10, evenly be provided with several through holes on the retainer ring 1, it is inner that depression bar 24 passes corresponding through hole, punching unit 6 evenly is arranged on the retainer ring 29, the upper surface of described retainer ring 1 arranges steady pin, and steady pin is near corresponding depression bar 24, and steady pin one end stretches into inside grooves.Three-decker can be divided whole system clear, and circle configurations is rotated under the drive of actuating unit, and every one deck structure has respectively fixing parts, plays supporting role.Depression bar 24 is being depressed in the process by punching cam 7, and the end that steady pin stretches into is wherein realized the location, guarantees depression bar 24 all the time a plumb line motion, when steady pin touches the top inwall of groove, is the range place of punching cam 7.
Described installing rack 1 inside is provided with actuating unit, one end of actuating unit passes retainer ring 1, fixing with location-plate 4 behind the center of retainer ring 29 and chip removal ring 10, and actuating unit is connected with retainer ring 29, be provided with into shrouding disc 3 on the installing rack 1 and go out shrouding disc 2, and advance the height of shrouding disc 3 and go out the height of shrouding disc 2 that all the height with counterdie 20 is identical, advance shrouding disc 3 and go out the same side that shrouding disc 2 is arranged on circle configurations, the outlet of advancing the import of shrouding disc 3 and going out shrouding disc 2 is back to setting, chip removal mouth 13 is arranged on away from the position that goes out shrouding disc 2, the bottom lowest part of punching cam 7 be arranged on chip removal mouth 13 directly over.The chip that loses after the punching is fallen on the chip removal ring 10, and operating personnel clean away chip by chip removal mouth 13.
The described bottom of advancing shrouding disc 3 and going out shrouding disc 2 is respectively arranged with charging gear and discharging gear, the bottom of actuating unit is provided with power gear, charging gear, discharging gear and power gear all are arranged on installing rack 1 inside, and charging gear and discharging gear mesh with power gear respectively.Power gear with transmission of power to actuating unit, utilize power gear with transmission of power on charging gear and discharging gear, the synchronism of realize rotating.
The described outer setting of advancing shrouding disc 3 has the adjustment bar, the adjustment bar is curved, the radian that connects between its radian and the adjacent punching unit 6 is consistent, adjusts an end of bar and fixes with the outer wall that advances shrouding disc 3, and the height of adjusting bar is between the height of the height of prefabricating plate 17 and stripper plate 18.Adjust bar and be convenient to finely tune in the compacted process of bottle cap, the center line of assurance bottle cap and the center line of punch 16 are on the same straight line.
Describedly advance shrouding disc 3 and go out to be provided with rotating disc 11 on the shrouding disc 2, the concave side wall of rotating disc 11 forms several trough body structures that is circular arc 12, the stroke of adjacent slot body structure 12 is identical with stroke between the adjacent punching unit 6, and rotating disc 11 connects with corresponding punching unit 6 separately.
Trough body structure on rotating disc 11 sidewalls, utilize its feature identical with the bottle cap radian, bottle cap is snapped in wherein, convenient operation, utilize the revolving property of rotating disc 11, bottle cap constantly is input to punching unit or output equipment, and the stroke of adjacent slot body structure 12 is identical with stroke between the adjacent punching unit 6, it the room phenomenon can not occur guarantee punching unit 6, has guaranteed that punching unit 6 can the quota operation.
Method based on to the bottle cap automatic punching may further comprise the steps;
Advance to cover the stage: opening device, utilize power gear with charging gear and discharging gear driven, power gear drives the actuating unit rotation simultaneously, the on-perforated bottle cap that to put in order by belt conveyor is placed on the rotating disc edge on the shrouding disc, utilize the trough body structure on the rotating disc that bottle cap is tightened, under the rotation of rotating disc, move towards punching unit, when the close punching unit of the on-perforated bottle cap of chucking, under the effect of centrifugal force, bottle cap is transferred in the hole on the stripper plate, and prefabricating plate and stripper plate block it, rotate along projected path, bottle cap is realized the location in the horizontal direction by the extruding of adjusting bar.
The rotation of power gear, drive retainer ring one and be rotated motion, utilize the meshing characteristic of gear, charging gear and discharging gear driven are rotated, advance on the rotating disc on the shrouding disc to be provided with into Gai Kou, belt will be delivered to for the bottle cap of punching this place, the rotating disc that the rotation of charging gear drives on the shrouding disc rotates, this rotating disc is in carrying out rotation process, when one of them vacant trough body structure rotates to the bottle cap place, utilize the part of trough body structure indent, under the effect of centrifugal force, one of them bottle cap card entry slot body structure of taking advantage of a situation is inner, in the rotating disc rotation, utilize the outer wall and the boss that enters the edge of shrouding disc of rotating disc, the outer wall of bottle cap is realized the location, in order to avoid under the effect of centrifugal force, be thrown out of trough body structure, when this trough body structure that sticks bottle cap runs to punching unit, bottle cap has broken away from the constraint of the boss at the edge that advances shrouding disc, and under the support of centrifugal force and rebound, this bottle cap is transferred in the hole on the stripper plate, prefabricating plate presses down pushes down bottle cap, desired trajectory along retainer ring one rotates, and when just transferring to punching unit, bottle cap is realized the location in the horizontal direction by the extruding of adjusting bar.
The punching stage: when the roller at punching unit top during near the punching cam, because the concavo-convex characteristic of punching cam bottom, roller contact is behind the punching cam, under the effect of pressure, drive depression bar and move downward gradually, it is downward that depression bar promotes punch, and punch contacts with the bottle cap top, the punch seat moves down, it is motionless that die shoe keeps, and when the top of counterdie contacts with the bottom of bottle cap, realizes bottle cap is compressed, roller is in continuation is moved along the bottom of punching cam, punch continues to press down, and punch begins to penetrate bottle cap, when roller moves to the least significant end of punching cam, punch penetrates bottle cap and contacts with the top of counterdie, has realized the punching action.
Punching unit is under the rotation of power gear, turn in the time of to touch the punching cam, utilize the roller on the depression bar, bottom with the punching cam contacts reposefully, depression bar begins to descend in vertical height, under the effect of pressure, promote punch downward gradually, so that punch contacts gradually with the top of bottle cap, in this process, guide post and lead all move downward in the hole of correspondence, guarantee location in the vertical direction, when the top of counterdie contacts with the bottom of bottle cap, give from the top down pressure of bottle cap, realization compresses bottle cap, this moment, roller did not also move in the least significant end of punching cam, roller is in continuation is moved along the bottom of punching cam, punch continues to press down, and utilizes the impulsive force of machinery, and punch begins to penetrate bottle cap, when roller moves to the least significant end of punching cam, impulsive force on the punch can guarantee that fully punch penetrates bottle cap and contacts with the top of counterdie, has realized the punching action, and bottle cap generally is to adopt plastic material, equipment all is to adopt metal material to make, and can guarantee its hardness and stress fully.
Go out to cover the stage: after punching unit is finished the punching action, roller continues to move along the bottom of punching cam, this moment, depression bar began to rise, driving punch begins to rise, bottle cap is blocked in the hole of stripper plate utilization inside, so that bottle cap and punch disengage gradually, after roller leaves the punching cam fully, punch is left bottle cap fully, finishes and takes off lid, and the punching unit after punching is finished is rotated further, when turning to out the shrouding disc place, the bottle cap chucking that the trough body structure that utilizes out shrouding disc is finished punching is transferred to out in the shrouding disc, utilizes the rotation of rotating disc to realize the bottle cap discharging.
After finishing punching, need to take off lid and go out lid, taking off the process of lid is to continue to move along the bottom of punching cam at roller, the least significant end that this moment, roller passed through the punching cam, depression bar begins to go up gradually the position, when depression bar moves upward, driving punch begins to rise, bottle cap is blocked in the hole of stripper plate utilization inside, the hole of stripper plate inside is designed to up-small and down-big structure, taking off when covering, inwall by the hole pushes the outer wall of bottle cap, so that bottle cap and punch disengage gradually, after roller leaves the punching cam fully, punch is left bottle cap fully, finishes and takes off lid, and the punching unit after punching is finished is rotated further, when turning to out the shrouding disc place, under the effect of centrifugal force, this bottle cap card entry slot body structure is inner, in the rotating disc rotation, utilize the outer wall and the boss that goes out the edge of shrouding disc of rotating disc, the outer wall of bottle cap is realized the location, in order to avoid under the effect of centrifugal force, be thrown out of trough body structure, run to out the exit of shrouding disc when this trough body structure that sticks bottle cap, bottle cap has broken away from the constraint of the boss at the edge that shrouding disc, under the effect of centrifugal force, this bottle cap is thrown away trough body structure, finish discharging.
According to shown in Figure 1, with the punching unit that can see among figure number consecutively in order, at the moment, with advance the punching unit that shrouding disc contacts and be numbered punching unit one 6-1, number consecutively is punching unit two 6-2 clockwise, punching unit three 6-3, punching unit four 6-4, punching unit five 6-5, when punching unit one 6-1 has just finished into lid, punching unit two 6-2 have just finished punching at this moment, roller is in the least significant end of punching cam, depression bar 24 just had been returned to original position after punching unit three 6-3 finished punching, punching unit four 6-4 are with the bottle cap after the punching and go out the shrouding disc transfer, punching unit five 6-5 be finish take off lid after, this moment, punching unit five 6-5 were idle station, towards the position of advancing shrouding disc and rotating, by each punching unit do not stop to take turns back rotation, drive the flow work of punch process.Owing to having adopted and having advanced automatically lid-punching-go out to cover operation, the sense of fatigue of having avoided operating personnel's frequent operation to bring prevents production accident, and operating personnel only need at other monitoring industrial processes and to interpolation and the collection of bottle cap, reduce labour intensity, liberated simultaneously the labour.
The punching unit of whole equipment is eight, the looping structure, and the punching by its streamline, after the equipment operation, there is bottle cap to be snapped in each action, improved the production efficiency of bottle cap, the per minute punching is 150, has greatly improved the production capacity of factory, provides assurance to the quality of bottle cap, mass automatic production, the quality of product can guarantee by mass.
The above; it only is preferred embodiment of the present invention; be not that the present invention is done any pro forma restriction, any simple modification, equivalent variations that every foundation technology of the present invention, method are done above embodiment in fact all fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. based on the equipment to the bottle cap automatic punching, comprise installing rack (1), installing rack (1) top is provided with location-plate (4), be provided with some support columns (5) between location-plate (4) and the installing rack (1), the two ends of support column (5) are fixing with location-plate (4) and installing rack (1) respectively, location-plate (4), be provided with three-decker in the zone that installing rack (1) and support column (5) consist of, it is characterized in that: be provided with several punching units (6) on the intermediate layer in the described three-decker, punching unit (6) is arranged in order the formation circle configurations, the bottom of location-plate (4) is provided with punching cam (7), the lowermost end of punching cam (7) contacts with the top of one of them punching unit (6) all the time, and the crooked radian of punching cam (7) is identical with the radian of the circle configurations that punching unit (6) consists of.
2. according to claim 1 based on the equipment to the bottle cap automatic punching, it is characterized in that: described punching unit (6) comprises die shoe (19), be fixed on the counterdie (20) of die shoe (19) upper surface, stripper plate (18), prefabricating plate (17), punch (16) and depression bar (24), die shoe (19) is fixed on the intermediate layer, die shoe (19) upper surface is provided with two guide posts (21), counterdie (20) is arranged between the guide post (21), stripper plate (18) is arranged on the top of counterdie (20), prefabricating plate (17) is arranged on the top of stripper plate (18), prefabricating plate (17) top is fixed with punch seat (23), punch (16) is passed punch seat (23), depression bar (24) is arranged on the top of punch seat (23), be provided with two pilot holes (22) on the punch seat (23), pilot hole (22) be arranged on corresponding guide post (21) directly over, the bottom of depression bar (24) is connected with punch (16), all be provided with through hole on prefabricating plate (17) and the stripper plate (18), and the center line of through hole is on same straight line, through hole passes when depressing for punch (16), be provided with two leads (15) on the punch seat (23), depression bar (24) is arranged between the lead (15), depression bar (24) outer wall forms groove towards the side at circle configurations center indent, and the top of depression bar (24) is fixed with roller (14).
3. according to claim 2 based on the equipment to the bottle cap automatic punching, it is characterized in that: the superiors in the described three-decker are retainer ring one (8), the intermediate layer is retainer ring two (9), orlop is chip removal ring (10), and be provided with chip removal mouth (13) on the chip removal ring (10), evenly be provided with several through holes on the retainer ring one (8), it is inner that depression bar (24) passes corresponding through hole, punching unit (6) evenly is arranged on the retainer ring two (9), the upper surface of described retainer ring one (8) arranges steady pin, steady pin is near corresponding depression bar (24), and steady pin one end stretches into inside grooves.
4. according to claim 3 based on the equipment to the bottle cap automatic punching, it is characterized in that: described installing rack (1) inside is provided with actuating unit, one end of actuating unit passes retainer ring one (8), fixing with location-plate (4) behind the center of retainer ring two (9) and chip removal ring (10), and actuating unit is connected with retainer ring two (9), be provided with into shrouding disc (3) on the installing rack (1) and go out shrouding disc (2), and advance the height of shrouding disc (3) and go out the height of shrouding disc (2) that all the height with counterdie (20) is identical, advance shrouding disc (3) and go out the same side that shrouding disc (2) is arranged on circle configurations, the outlet of advancing the import of shrouding disc (3) and going out shrouding disc (2) is back to setting, chip removal mouth (13) is arranged on away from the position that goes out shrouding disc (2), the bottom lowest part of punching cam (7) be arranged on chip removal mouth (13) directly over.
5. according to claim 4 based on the equipment to the bottle cap automatic punching, it is characterized in that: the described bottom of advancing shrouding disc (3) and going out shrouding disc (2) is respectively arranged with charging gear and discharging gear, the bottom of actuating unit is provided with power gear, charging gear, discharging gear and power gear all are arranged on installing rack (1) inside, and charging gear and discharging gear mesh with power gear respectively.
6. according to claim 5 based on the equipment to the bottle cap automatic punching, it is characterized in that: the described outer setting of advancing shrouding disc (3) has the adjustment bar, the adjustment bar is curved, the radian that connects between its radian and the adjacent punching unit (6) is consistent, adjust an end of bar and fix with the outer wall that advances shrouding disc (3), the height of adjusting bar is between the height of the height of prefabricating plate (17) and stripper plate (18).
7. according to claim 6 based on the equipment to the bottle cap automatic punching, it is characterized in that: describedly advance shrouding disc (3) and go out to be provided with rotating disc (11) on the shrouding disc (2), the concave side wall of rotating disc (11) forms several trough body structures that is circular arc (12), the stroke of adjacent slot body structure (12) is identical with stroke between the adjacent punching unit (6), and rotating disc (11) connects with corresponding punching unit (6) separately.
8. based on the method to the bottle cap automatic punching, it is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps;
Advance to cover the stage: opening device, utilize power gear with charging gear and discharging gear driven, power gear drives the actuating unit rotation simultaneously, the on-perforated bottle cap that to put in order by belt conveyor is placed on the rotating disc edge on the shrouding disc, utilize the trough body structure on the rotating disc that bottle cap is tightened, under the rotation of rotating disc, move towards punching unit, when the close punching unit of the on-perforated bottle cap of chucking, under the effect of centrifugal force, bottle cap is transferred in the hole on the stripper plate, and prefabricating plate and stripper plate block it, rotate along projected path, bottle cap is realized the location in the horizontal direction by the extruding of adjusting bar;
The punching stage: when the roller at punching unit top during near the punching cam, because the concavo-convex characteristic of punching cam bottom, roller contact is behind the punching cam, under the effect of pressure, drive depression bar and move downward gradually, it is downward that depression bar promotes punch, and punch contacts with the bottle cap top, the punch seat moves down, it is motionless that die shoe keeps, and when the top of counterdie contacts with the bottom of bottle cap, realizes bottle cap is compressed, roller is in continuation is moved along the bottom of punching cam, punch continues to press down, and punch begins to penetrate bottle cap, when roller moves to the least significant end of punching cam, punch penetrates bottle cap and contacts with the top of counterdie, has realized the punching action;
Go out to cover the stage: after punching unit is finished the punching action, roller continues to move along the bottom of punching cam, this moment, depression bar began to rise, driving punch begins to rise, bottle cap is blocked in the hole of stripper plate utilization inside, so that bottle cap and punch disengage gradually, after roller leaves the punching cam fully, punch is left bottle cap fully, finishes and takes off lid, and the punching unit after punching is finished is rotated further, when turning to out the shrouding disc place, the bottle cap chucking that the trough body structure that utilizes out shrouding disc is finished punching is transferred to out in the shrouding disc, utilizes the rotation of rotating disc to realize the bottle cap discharging.
CN201210487161.9A 2012-11-27 2012-11-27 Equipment on basis of automatically punching bottle cap and punching method thereof Active CN102950621B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103184680A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-07-03 宁波市东盛纺织有限公司 Single-punch cloth perforating machine capable of punching continuous circular holes
CN103831863A (en) * 2014-03-10 2014-06-04 罗标荣 Edge-folding and ring-cutting machine for bottle caps
CN104590885A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-05-06 四川省隆鑫科技包装有限公司 Coating line discharging system
CN105513784A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-04-20 宁波市鄞州通力液压电器厂 Apparatus press-mounting electromagnetic yoke on base plate
CN107322675A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-07 中山英达思迅智能科技有限公司 A kind of LED lamp tube automatic punch machine
CN108189138A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-22 重庆嘉德塑料制品有限公司 A kind of plastic film blanking equipment
CN108296336A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-07-20 合肥铭尊精密科技有限公司 A kind of air-conditioner pipe punching press automatic contraposition device

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SU763248A1 (en) * 1978-07-06 1980-09-15 Государственный Проектный Институт Механизации И Автоматизации Предприятий Пищевой Промышленности Automatic machine for making bottle corking caps
KR0174362B1 (en) * 1996-10-26 1999-04-01 영진공업주식회사 Manufacturing apparatus for drug bottle cap
CN1520947A (en) * 2003-02-07 2004-08-18 陆爱平 Method for making the manufacturing technique of metal top cover
CN101066713A (en) * 2007-06-01 2007-11-07 山东丽鹏包装有限公司 Process and apparatus for producing bottle cap with pull ring and tear-off
CN202964769U (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-06-05 四川省星达包装设备制造有限公司 Equipment based on automatic punching to bottle cap

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US3438348A (en) * 1966-10-12 1969-04-15 Augustus L Merolle Method and apparatus for producing lug type closure caps
SU763248A1 (en) * 1978-07-06 1980-09-15 Государственный Проектный Институт Механизации И Автоматизации Предприятий Пищевой Промышленности Automatic machine for making bottle corking caps
KR0174362B1 (en) * 1996-10-26 1999-04-01 영진공업주식회사 Manufacturing apparatus for drug bottle cap
CN1520947A (en) * 2003-02-07 2004-08-18 陆爱平 Method for making the manufacturing technique of metal top cover
CN101066713A (en) * 2007-06-01 2007-11-07 山东丽鹏包装有限公司 Process and apparatus for producing bottle cap with pull ring and tear-off
CN202964769U (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-06-05 四川省星达包装设备制造有限公司 Equipment based on automatic punching to bottle cap

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103184680A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-07-03 宁波市东盛纺织有限公司 Single-punch cloth perforating machine capable of punching continuous circular holes
CN103184680B (en) * 2013-03-13 2015-10-21 宁波市东盛纺织有限公司 A kind of can the one-shot head cloth puncher of die-cut circular continuous aperture
CN103831863A (en) * 2014-03-10 2014-06-04 罗标荣 Edge-folding and ring-cutting machine for bottle caps
CN104590885A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-05-06 四川省隆鑫科技包装有限公司 Coating line discharging system
CN105513784A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-04-20 宁波市鄞州通力液压电器厂 Apparatus press-mounting electromagnetic yoke on base plate
CN107322675A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-07 中山英达思迅智能科技有限公司 A kind of LED lamp tube automatic punch machine
CN108189138A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-22 重庆嘉德塑料制品有限公司 A kind of plastic film blanking equipment
CN108296336A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-07-20 合肥铭尊精密科技有限公司 A kind of air-conditioner pipe punching press automatic contraposition device

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Address after: Suining City, Taihe Town, 629200 Sichuan County of Shehong Province in the United States Avenue LONCIN Technology Park

Patentee after: SICHUAN XINGDA ROBOT CO., LTD.

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Address after: 629200 Longxin science and Technology Park, Shunmei Avenue, Taihe street, Shehong City, Suining City, Sichuan Province

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Address before: 629200 Longxin science and Technology Park, Shunmei Avenue, Taihe Town, Shehong County, Suining City, Sichuan Province

Patentee before: SICHUAN XINGDA ROBOT Co.,Ltd.