CN102949787A - Small-sized household earthquake rescue capsule - Google Patents

Small-sized household earthquake rescue capsule Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102949787A
CN102949787A CN2012104586766A CN201210458676A CN102949787A CN 102949787 A CN102949787 A CN 102949787A CN 2012104586766 A CN2012104586766 A CN 2012104586766A CN 201210458676 A CN201210458676 A CN 201210458676A CN 102949787 A CN102949787 A CN 102949787A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
cover
small
tensioning
sized household
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012104586766A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王圆宾
刘熠宇
滕子健
董大伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Southwest Jiaotong University
Original Assignee
Southwest Jiaotong University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Southwest Jiaotong University filed Critical Southwest Jiaotong University
Priority to CN2012104586766A priority Critical patent/CN102949787A/en
Publication of CN102949787A publication Critical patent/CN102949787A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a small-sized household earthquake rescue capsule, which consists of a bottom plate 100, supporting arms 200, a tensioning device 300, a buffer device, a firs top cover 500, a movable flange 600 and a second top cover 700, wherein the bottom plate 100 is a hexagonal plate and is provided with through grooves 110, and five angles of the bottom plate 100 are provided with flanges 120; the tensioning device 300 is provided with six supporting plates 310; the supporting plates are connected with a central hexagonal plate 330 through hinges 320; and the buffer device consists of six equilateral triangle truss structures 400. The small-sized household earthquake rescue capsule can be used as a desk or a flower stand at ordinary times; and when an earthquake occurs, refugees can quickly enter the rescue capsule. The rescue capsule is designed by using a high-strength frame structure, so that death caused by factors such as house collapse during earthquakes can be effectively avoided, and meanwhile, the use of the material can be reduced by using a bridge and the truss structure.

Description

Small-sized household earthquake life-saving cabin
Technical field
The present invention relates to real-time lifesaving appliance, especially type household earthquake lifesaving appliance technical field.
Background technology
Recently, earth plate motion is more active, and earthquake is multiple, has caused very large loss to the people's lives and property.Simultaneously, earthquake has also caused serious wound to the mankind's soul.Now, earthquake has almost become a responsive vocabulary, and the look of many people's what is said or talked about becomes, depending on such as fierce floods and savage beasts.
When earthquake occurs, produce simultaneously compressional wave and shear wave, but these two velocities of wave propagation are different.In general, the speed of compressional wave is fast, so always arrive first ground than shear wave.This concept occurs simultaneously like lightning and thunder, and people always see first lightning, hear thunder again.Although the speed of compressional wave is fast, its destructive power is for shear wave, and is much smaller.Therefore when experiencing compressional wave, the people can enter survival capsule during this period of time before shear wave arrives.
Injury source in the earthquake has two kinds: direct disaster (house collapse; Bridge, railway, highway, harbour, airport, etc. job facilities suffer direct destruction) and indirect disaster (tsunami that earthquake causes, landslide, fire, pestilence etc.).
The most volume and weight of existing survival capsule is all larger, is difficult to carrying, and affects the rationally attractive in appearance of house fitting-up, is not suitable for normal domestic use.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above deficiency of prior art, the purpose of this invention is to provide small-sized household earthquake life-saving cabin, make it to overcome the above shortcoming of prior art.
The objective of the invention is to realize by following means.
Small-sized household earthquake life-saving cabin, by 100, five fixed support arms 200 of base plate, an active supporting arm 210, tensioning apparatus 300, buffer unit, the first top cover 500, loose flange 600 and the second top cover 700 form; Base plate 100 is hexagon sheet material, is provided with groove 110 on it, has five angles to be provided with flange 120; Tensioning apparatus 300 has six support plates 310, and support plate connects with center hexagonal plate 330 by hinge 320: buffer unit is that six equilateral triangles framework that spreads out makes 400; During installation, an end of each support arm 200 inserts described base plate groove 110, and the other end connects with the first top cover 500 with screw; Five support plates 310 withstand corresponding support arm, depress center hexagonal plate 330 hinge 320 is stretched with five support arms of tensioning; Six equilateral triangles spread out, and to make 400 amalgamations be a hexagon plate to framework, is fastened in the hexagon frame 510 of described the first top cover 500; The second caping 700 also engages and covers on the described hexagon plate.
Household refuge of the present invention cabin can be made desk at ordinary times or the flower platform uses, and when earthquake occured, the personnel of taking refuge can enter survival capsule fast.Survival capsule adopts the high strength frame structural design, and the death that the factors such as house collapse in the time of can effectively avoiding earthquake to occur cause uses crane span structure and truss structure can reduce materials'use simultaneously.Be provided with emergency toolbox in the survival capsule in addition, comprise the instruments such as food, water, medicine, battery, flashlight, radio, communication apparatus, can be for the personnel that take refuge for a long time existence in survival capsule.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the agent structure schematic diagram (the survival capsule form after the people enters) of survival capsule.
Fig. 2 is the base plate outside drawing of survival capsule.
Fig. 3 is survival capsule support arm outside drawing.
Fig. 4 is the tensioning apparatus outside drawing of survival capsule.
Fig. 5 is the first top cover outside drawing of survival capsule.
Fig. 6 is the top buffer unit outside drawing of survival capsule.
Fig. 7 is the top buffer unit assembling schematic diagram outside drawing of survival capsule.
Fig. 8 is the second top cover outside drawing of survival capsule.
Fig. 9 is desktop (apolegamy) outside drawing of survival capsule.
Figure 10 is the peacetime state outside drawing of survival capsule.
Figure 11 is the stir yourself flange outside drawing of survival capsule.
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
In Fig. 1-11, can see: small-sized household earthquake life-saving cabin, by base plate 100, support arm 200, tensioning apparatus 300, buffer unit, the first top cover 500 and loose flange 600 form; Base plate 100 is hexagon sheet material, is provided with groove 110 on it, has five angles to be provided with flange 120; Tensioning apparatus 300 has six support plates 310, and support plate connects with center hexagonal plate 330 by hinge 320: buffer unit is that six equilateral triangles framework that spreads out makes 400.
During installation, survival capsule base plate 100 as for ground, is installed first 5 fixed support arms 200.One end of each support arm 200 inserts described base plate groove 110, and its other end inserts the described equilateral triangle framework that spreads out and makes in 400 the blind slot.Again the bottom tension device is put into base plate, firmly depress center hexagonal plate 330 hinge 320 is stretched with six support arms of tensioning, five support plates 310 withstand corresponding support arm then can be with the tensioning of 5 fixed support arms.The first top cover 500 is installed, and with screw the first top cover 500 and support arm is locked.Then it is a hexagon plate that the framework that six equilateral triangles spread out is made 400 amalgamations, is fastened in the hexagon frame 510 of described the first top cover 500 structure after the engaging such as Fig. 7.At last, cover and to lay hexagonal second top cover 700 such as (can adopt the engaging of wedge groove or screw fixing the multiple mode of fixedly laying) at the hexagon plate, the globality with the enhancing structure seems more attractive in appearance during also for every day use, sees Fig. 1.
During every day use, also can cover on the second top cover desktop 800 or other structure are installed, increase daily Practical Performance.
When earthquake occurs, after entering survival capsule, the last item active supporting arm (structure with fixedly brace is identical) is installed, the upper end of active supporting arm connects with the first top cover 500 by bolt, the groove 610 on the loose flange 600 is inserted in the lower end, with namely finishing installation after the snap close locking, locking afterwards as shown in Figure 1.During dismounting, pull down in reverse order and get final product, should screw off when noting taking off tensioning apparatus and cover screw.
Above what state only is the preferred embodiment of the inventive method, should be pointed out that under the prerequisite that does not break away from the inventive method essence, and can make some changes in reality is implemented should be included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. small-sized household earthquake life-saving cabin, it is characterized in that, by base plate (100), five fixed support arms (200), an active supporting arm (210), tensioning apparatus (300), buffer unit, the first top cover (500), loose flange (600) and the second top cover (700) form; Base plate (100) is hexagon sheet material, is provided with groove (110) on it, has five angles to be provided with flange (120); Tensioning apparatus (300) has six support plates (310), and support plate connects with center hexagonal plate (330) by hinge (320): buffer unit is that six equilateral triangles framework that spreads out is made (400); During installation, an end of each support arm (200) inserts described base plate groove (110), and the other end connects with the first top cover (500) with screw; Five support plates (310) withstand corresponding support arm, depress center hexagonal plate (330) hinge (320) is stretched with five support arms of tensioning; Six equilateral triangles spread out, and to make (400) amalgamation be a hexagon plate to framework, is fastened in the hexagon frame (510) of described the first top cover (500); The second caping (700) also engages and covers on the described hexagon plate.
2. described small-sized household earthquake life-saving cabin according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with groove (610) on the described loose flange (600).
3. described small-sized household earthquake life-saving cabin according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also can be nested with desktop (800) on the described table top (500).
CN2012104586766A 2012-11-15 2012-11-15 Small-sized household earthquake rescue capsule Pending CN102949787A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104586766A CN102949787A (en) 2012-11-15 2012-11-15 Small-sized household earthquake rescue capsule

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104586766A CN102949787A (en) 2012-11-15 2012-11-15 Small-sized household earthquake rescue capsule

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102949787A true CN102949787A (en) 2013-03-06

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103357126A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-10-23 西安交通大学 Foldable anti-seismic shelter device
CN106437827A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 重庆南桐矿业有限责任公司 Coal ore well below risk prevention cabin
CN109731248A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-05-10 山西凯普勒科技有限公司 Emergency safety warehouse

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2262383Y (en) * 1996-06-27 1997-09-17 康存辉 Earthquake lifesaving bed
CN201710850U (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-01-19 王勇 Earthquake refuge escape device
CN202000717U (en) * 2011-04-13 2011-10-05 齐伟 Multifunctional seismic refuge device
WO2011161677A1 (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-12-29 Bezalel Laboratories Ltd. Impact resistant structure
CN203029860U (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-07-03 西南交通大学 Small domestic earthquake escape capsule

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2262383Y (en) * 1996-06-27 1997-09-17 康存辉 Earthquake lifesaving bed
CN201710850U (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-01-19 王勇 Earthquake refuge escape device
WO2011161677A1 (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-12-29 Bezalel Laboratories Ltd. Impact resistant structure
CN202000717U (en) * 2011-04-13 2011-10-05 齐伟 Multifunctional seismic refuge device
CN203029860U (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-07-03 西南交通大学 Small domestic earthquake escape capsule

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
梁冬冬 等: "地震应急救生床的设计与研究", 《黑龙江科技信息》, no. 31, 5 November 2011 (2011-11-05), pages 84 - 143 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103357126A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-10-23 西安交通大学 Foldable anti-seismic shelter device
CN106437827A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 重庆南桐矿业有限责任公司 Coal ore well below risk prevention cabin
CN109731248A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-05-10 山西凯普勒科技有限公司 Emergency safety warehouse

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Application publication date: 20130306

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)