CN102940282B - Sea cucumber oral liquid and preparation process thereof - Google Patents

Sea cucumber oral liquid and preparation process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102940282B
CN102940282B CN201210414474.1A CN201210414474A CN102940282B CN 102940282 B CN102940282 B CN 102940282B CN 201210414474 A CN201210414474 A CN 201210414474A CN 102940282 B CN102940282 B CN 102940282B
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sea cucumber
powder
parts
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microwave
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CN102940282A (en
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姜玉宝
耿元生
刘柄森
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QINGDAO JIAREILONG SEA FOOD CO Ltd
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QINGDAO JIAREILONG SEA FOOD CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a sea cucumber oral liquid and a preparation process thereof. The sea cucumber oral liquid comprises, 500-1000 parts of sea cucumber, 50-100 parts of gingko, 50-80 parts of seabuckthorn fruit leaf, 50-80 parts of lotus leaf, 50-80 parts of hawthorn, 50-80 parts of common jujube, 50-80 parts of medlar, 10-20 parts of lohanguo siraitia fruit, 50-80 parts of calcium gluconate, and 50-80 parts of vitamin C. The preparation process comprises 11 steps of raw material purification, vacuum freeze drying, coarse crushing, ultrafine crushing, microwave-assisted enzymolysis, enzyme inactivation, filtration, desalination, accessory seasoning liquid processing, material preparing, and filling sterilization. The obtained sea cucumber oral liquid has characteristics of reasonable formulation and fragrant taste, and has effects of exact blood fat lowering, blood sugar lowering and blood pressure lowering, wherein the blood fat lowering effect is especially prominent.

Description

A kind of holothurian oral liquid and preparation technology thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of holothurian oral liquid and preparation technology thereof.
Background technology
Sea cucumber belongs to Echinodermata Holothuroidea, and the whole world approximately has sea cucumber kind more than 1100 at present, and wherein 40 kinds of left and right can be edible; China approximately has sea cucumber more than 140 to plant, wherein have about 20 kinds can be edible, 10 kinds of sea cucumbers have higher commodity value.Before centuries, China people just think that sea cucumber is not only a kind of delicacies, but also are a kind of tonic nutriments.China Ming Dynasty thanks between year in Wanli year and starts the assorted ancient sacrificial utensil > > of system work < < five just relevant for the record of sea cucumber: " sea cucumber; beach, the east area of the Liao River, coextensive with eastern and southern Liaoning Province has it; its benefit warm in nature, sufficient enemy joins, therefore named sea cucumber ".
Sea cucumber is the animality health food of high nutrition, high protein, and its nutritional labeling is mainly sterol and Triterpenoids.Research in recent years tentative confirmation Stichopus Japonicus Acidic Mucopolysaccharide has antitumor and blood coagulation resisting function, and the contained holothurin of actinopyga agassizi is inhibited to S180 mouse tumor, and sea cucumber also has Antiarthritic effect in addition, and old man's arthralgia is had to curative effect.
The defect of prior art has: one, in the processing of traditional sea cucumber, sea cucumber is pulverized with enzymolysis process incomplete, thereby destroys the nutritional labeling in sea cucumber, reduces the health-care efficacy of sea cucumber.Two, sea cucumber preparation nutritional labeling is more single, and formulating is less, and mouthfeel and nutritive value are all lower.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of formula and preparation technology thereof of holothurian oral liquid, as a kind of formula oral liquid, it had both retained the main nutrient composition in sea cucumber, compatible with other functional health care foods again, formula is reasonable, process stabilizing, and health-care effect is outstanding, have definite reducing blood lipid, blood sugar and blood pressure effect, wherein effect for reducing blood fat is particularly outstanding.
Technical scheme is as follows:
Holothurian oral liquid of the present invention, by sea cucumber, ginkgo, Leaves of Hippophae L, lotus leaf, hawthorn, date, matrimony vine, Momordica grosvenori, calcium gluconae and vitamin C, formed sea cucumber 500-1000 part wherein, ginkgo 50-100 part, Leaves of Hippophae L 50-80 part, lotus leaf 50-80 part, hawthorn 50-80 part, date 50-80 part, matrimony vine 50-80 part, Momordica grosvenori 10-20 part, calcium gluconae 50-80 part, vitamin C 50-80 part.
The preparation technology of holothurian oral liquid is:
1, purification of raw materials: by the fresh and alive sea cucumbers of acceptance(check), along belly from first to last complete section open, gill, impurity is cleaned up.
2, vacuum freeze drying: the sea cucumber cleaning up is carried out to freeze drying, and cryogenic temperature is-20~-25 ℃, and vacuum is 5-15Pa, snap frozen 2-3h, freeze-drying final temperature 60-70 ℃.
3, coarse crushing: the sea cucumber after freeze drying is put into pulverizer, pulverize 10-30min, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain thick sea cucumber powder.
4, ultramicro grinding: first sea cucumber meal is carried out to ultramicro grinding by airslide disintegrating mill, time 2-3h, obtains ultra micro sea cucumber powder; Then ultra micro sea cucumber powder is carried out to nanometer pulverizing by high speed shear ultrafine crusher, grinding time is 3-5h.
5, microwave-assisted enzyme solution: add pure water, sea cucumber powder and water are dissolved with 1:5-10 mass ratio, obtain sea cucumber milk, accurately weigh the compound protease (pepsin: bromelain=2:1) of sea cucumber weight 0.3-0.4%, put into the container cleaning up through pure water, after adding appropriate pure water that compound protease is dissolved, together with sea cucumber milk, put into enzymatic vessel, standing 1-2min in the microwave environment that is 500-1000w in intensity.
6, the enzyme that goes out: after enzymolysis completes, by enzymolysis liquid rapidly degree of intensification to 90 ℃ of enzyme 10-30min that go out; Complete after the deactivation of enzyme, enzymatic vessel is stopped to heating, enzymolysis liquid is cooled to rapidly to normal temperature; Enzymatic vessel purified rinse water, flushing liquor is put into enzymolysis liquid.
7, filter: the enzymolysis liquid after cooling is first used to the centrifugal 20min of generic centrifuge, filter, get filtrate, the centrifugal 20min of low temperature ultrahigh speed, filters filtrate for later use.
8, desalination: by filtrate by nanofiltration with except freshen; Residue and then excessively 100 mesh sieves, obtain sea cucumber extract.
9, processing auxiliary material baste:
Get the ginkgo blade at 2-3 age, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain ginkgo leaf meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains ginkgo leaf powder.
Get the sea-buckthorn blade at 3-5 age, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain Leaves of Hippophae L meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains Leaves of Hippophae L powder.
Get the lotus leaf blade at 2-3 age, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain lotus leaf meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains lotus leaf powder.
Get hawthorn, soak 60min, then adopt decocting cooking method to extract, extract 3 times, add water and doubly measure and be respectively 14 times, 12 times and 12 times, extraction time is respectively 3.0h, 2.5h and 2.5h, merge three times filtrate, film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and reduction vaporization is dried (0.1MPa, 20 ℃), obtain haw thorn extract.
Get date, dry and pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain jujube powder; Jujube powder is put into extraction equipment for fat, adopt absolute ethyl alcohol refluxing extraction 3 times, each 2h; Jujube powder after degreasing is refluxed adds 20 times of water gagings and soaks, and regulates pH8, soaks after 80min, takes Microwave Extraction method to extract jujube powder, and time 5min, obtains Fructus Jujubae extract.
Get matrimony vine, first with 8 times of water gagings, decoct 2 hours, then decoct 1.5 hours with 6 times of water gagings, merge decocting liquid twice, film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and reduction vaporization is dried (0.1MPa, 20 ℃), obtains wolfberry fruit extract.
Get Momordica grosvenori, dry and pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain mangosteen powder; Add 30 times of water gagings, under 50 ℃ of conditions, ultrasonic wave extracts 3 times, each 5min, and operating frequency 53KHz, power 150W, merges three times filtrate, and film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and reduction vaporization is dried (0.1MPa, 20 ℃), obtains Fructus Monordicae extract.
By above-mentioned mixing of materials, and add calcium gluconae and vitamin C, the pure water of 10 times of quality soaks, and moves in jacketed pan, in ultrasonic environment, heats, and ultrasonic frequency is 20-30KHz, and boiling temperature is 95-100 ℃, and the time is 2-4 hour; With the centrifuge of 100 order filter clothes, filter, obtain auxiliary material baste.
10, batching: sea cucumber feed liquid, auxiliary material baste that enzymolysis is filtered carry out proportioning in the ratio of 1:1, mix and again pass through centrifugal filtration.
11, filling sterilizing: the method that sterilizing adopts pasteurization to combine with microwave sterilization.
In pouring process, filling qualified single bottle product should be put into constant heat storage at any time and preserve, until the filling lid that rolls of same batch materials, carry out sterilizing after complete end.
First product is placed in to 95 ℃ of conditions, sterilizing 15s, shifts out; Put it into again microwave quick-reaction system and carry out microwave sterilization, power 850-1000W, time 8-15min.
Compared to the prior art, the technology of the present invention effect comprises:
1, to choose sea cucumber be primary raw material in the present invention, and compatible with ginkgo, Leaves of Hippophae L, lotus leaf, hawthorn, date, matrimony vine, Momordica grosvenori, calcium gluconae and vitamin C, and prescription ratio has been carried out to detailed screening, and formula forms rationally, mouthfeel delicate fragrance.
2, the present invention conducts in-depth research sea cucumber pulverizing and enzymolysis process, has significantly improved the bioavilability of sea cucumber, has fully retained the main nutrient composition of sea cucumber.
3, the present invention has carried out system research to the pulverizing extraction process of ginkgo, Leaves of Hippophae L, lotus leaf powder, hawthorn, date, matrimony vine and Momordica grosvenori, by technology such as ultramicro grinding, makes the stripping rapidly of its active ingredient, improves extraction efficiency.
4, the present invention conducts in-depth research product sterilization process, makes to reach sterilization effect, can retained product nutritional labeling not be destroyed again.
5, gained holothurian oral liquid of the present invention, has definite reducing blood lipid, hypoglycemic and blood pressure reduction effect, and wherein blood fat reducing function is especially outstanding.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, technical solution of the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1:
Formula forms:
500 parts of sea cucumbers, 50 parts of ginkgoes, 50 parts of Leaves of Hippophae Ls, 50 parts, lotus leaf, 50 parts of hawthorn, 50 parts, date, 50 parts of matrimony vines, 10 parts of Momordica grosvenoris, 50 parts of calcium gluconaes, 50 parts of vitamin Cs.
The preparation technology of holothurian oral liquid is:
1, purification of raw materials: by the fresh and alive sea cucumbers of acceptance(check), along belly from first to last complete section open, gill, impurity is cleaned up.
2, vacuum freeze drying: the sea cucumber cleaning up is carried out to freeze drying, and cryogenic temperature is-20 ℃, and vacuum is 5Pa, snap frozen 2h, 60 ℃ of freeze-drying final temperatures.
3, coarse crushing: the sea cucumber after freeze drying is put into pulverizer, pulverize 10min, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain thick sea cucumber powder.
4, ultramicro grinding: first sea cucumber meal is carried out to ultramicro grinding by airslide disintegrating mill, time 2h, obtains ultra micro sea cucumber powder; Then ultra micro sea cucumber powder is carried out to nanometer pulverizing by high speed shear ultrafine crusher, grinding time is 3h.
5, microwave-assisted enzyme solution: add pure water, sea cucumber powder and water are dissolved with 1:5 mass ratio, obtain sea cucumber milk, accurately weigh the compound protease (pepsin: bromelain=2:1) of sea cucumber weight 0.3%, put into the container cleaning up through pure water, after adding appropriate pure water that compound protease is dissolved, together with sea cucumber milk, put into enzymatic vessel, standing 1min in the microwave environment that is 500w in intensity.
6, the enzyme that goes out: after enzymolysis completes, by enzymolysis liquid rapidly degree of intensification to 90 ℃ of enzyme 10min that go out; Complete after the deactivation of enzyme, enzymatic vessel is stopped to heating, enzymolysis liquid is cooled to rapidly to normal temperature; Enzymatic vessel purified rinse water, flushing liquor is put into enzymolysis liquid.
7, filter: the enzymolysis liquid after cooling is first used to the centrifugal 20min of generic centrifuge, filter, get filtrate, the centrifugal 20min of low temperature ultrahigh speed, filters filtrate for later use.
8, desalination: by filtrate by nanofiltration with except freshen; Residue and then excessively 100 mesh sieves, obtain sea cucumber extract.
9, processing auxiliary material baste:
Get the ginkgo blade at 2 ages, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain ginkgo leaf meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains ginkgo leaf powder.
Get the sea-buckthorn blade at 3 ages, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain Leaves of Hippophae L meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains Leaves of Hippophae L powder.
Get the lotus leaf blade at 2 ages, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain lotus leaf meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains lotus leaf powder.
Get hawthorn, soak 60min, then adopt decocting cooking method to extract, extract 3 times, add water and doubly measure and be respectively 14 times, 12 times and 12 times, extraction time is respectively 3.0h, 2.5h and 2.5h, merge three times filtrate, film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and reduction vaporization is dried (0.1MPa, 20 ℃), obtain haw thorn extract.
Get date, dry and pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain jujube powder; Jujube powder is put into extraction equipment for fat, adopt absolute ethyl alcohol refluxing extraction 3 times, each 2h; Jujube powder after degreasing is refluxed adds 20 times of water gagings and soaks, and regulates pH8, soaks after 80min, takes Microwave Extraction method to extract jujube powder, and time 5min, obtains Fructus Jujubae extract.
Get matrimony vine, first with 8 times of water gagings, decoct 2 hours, then decoct 1.5 hours with 6 times of water gagings, merge decocting liquid twice, film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and reduction vaporization is dried (0.1MPa, 20 ℃), obtains wolfberry fruit extract.
Get Momordica grosvenori, dry and pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain mangosteen powder; Add 30 times of water gagings, under 50 ℃ of conditions, ultrasonic wave extracts 3 times, each 5min, and operating frequency 53KHz, power 150W, merges three times filtrate, and film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and reduction vaporization is dried (0.1MPa, 20 ℃), obtains Fructus Monordicae extract.。
By above-mentioned mixing of materials, and add calcium gluconae and vitamin C, the pure water of 10 times of quality soaks, and moves in jacketed pan, in ultrasonic environment, heats, and ultrasonic frequency is 20KHz, and boiling temperature is 95 ℃, and the time is 4 hours; With the centrifuge of 100 order filter clothes, filter, obtain auxiliary material baste.
10, batching: sea cucumber feed liquid, auxiliary material baste that enzymolysis is filtered carry out proportioning in the ratio of 1:1, mix and again pass through centrifugal filtration.
11, filling sterilizing: the method that sterilizing adopts pasteurization to combine with microwave sterilization.
In pouring process, filling qualified single bottle product should be put into constant heat storage at any time and preserve, until the filling lid that rolls of same batch materials, carry out sterilizing after complete end.
First product is placed in to 95 ℃ of conditions, sterilizing 15s, shifts out; Put it into again microwave quick-reaction system and carry out microwave sterilization, power 850W, time 15min.
Embodiment 2:
Formula forms:
1000 parts of sea cucumbers, 100 parts of ginkgoes, 80 parts of Leaves of Hippophae Ls, 80 parts, lotus leaf, 80 parts of hawthorn, 80 parts, date, 80 parts of matrimony vines, 20 parts of Momordica grosvenoris, 80 parts of calcium gluconaes, 80 parts of vitamin Cs.
The preparation technology of holothurian oral liquid is:
1, purification of raw materials: by the fresh and alive sea cucumbers of acceptance(check), along belly from first to last complete section open, gill, impurity is cleaned up.
2, vacuum freeze drying: the sea cucumber cleaning up is carried out to freeze drying, and cryogenic temperature is-25 ℃, and vacuum is 15Pa, snap frozen 3h, 70 ℃ of freeze-drying final temperatures.
3, coarse crushing: the sea cucumber after freeze drying is put into pulverizer, pulverize 30min, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain thick sea cucumber powder.
4, ultramicro grinding: first sea cucumber meal is carried out to ultramicro grinding by airslide disintegrating mill, time 3h, obtains ultra micro sea cucumber powder; Then ultra micro sea cucumber powder is carried out to nanometer pulverizing by high speed shear ultrafine crusher, grinding time is 5h.
5, microwave-assisted enzyme solution: add pure water, sea cucumber powder and water are dissolved with 1:10 mass ratio, obtain sea cucumber milk, accurately weigh the compound protease (pepsin: bromelain=2:1) of sea cucumber weight 0.4%, put into the container cleaning up through pure water, after adding appropriate pure water that compound protease is dissolved, together with sea cucumber milk, put into enzymatic vessel, standing 2min in the microwave environment that is 1000w in intensity.
6, the enzyme that goes out: after enzymolysis completes, by enzymolysis liquid rapidly degree of intensification to 90 ℃ of enzyme 30min that go out; Complete after the deactivation of enzyme, enzymatic vessel is stopped to heating, enzymolysis liquid is cooled to rapidly to normal temperature; Enzymatic vessel purified rinse water, flushing liquor is put into enzymolysis liquid.
7, filter: the enzymolysis liquid after cooling is first used to the centrifugal 20min of generic centrifuge, filter, get filtrate, the centrifugal 20min of low temperature ultrahigh speed, filters filtrate for later use.
8, desalination: by filtrate by nanofiltration with except freshen; Residue and then excessively 100 sieves, obtain sea cucumber extract.
9, processing auxiliary material baste:
Get the ginkgo blade at 3 ages, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain ginkgo leaf meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains ginkgo leaf powder.
Get the sea-buckthorn blade at 5 ages, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain Leaves of Hippophae L meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains Leaves of Hippophae L powder.
Get the lotus leaf blade at 3 ages, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain lotus leaf meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains lotus leaf powder.
Get hawthorn, soak 60min, then adopt decocting cooking method to extract, extract 3 times, add water and doubly measure and be respectively 14 times, 12 times and 12 times, extraction time is respectively 3.0h, 2.5h and 2.5h, merge three times filtrate, film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and reduction vaporization is dried (0.1MPa, 20 ℃), obtain haw thorn extract.
Get date, dry and pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain jujube powder; Jujube powder is put into extraction equipment for fat, adopt absolute ethyl alcohol refluxing extraction 3 times, each 2h; Jujube powder after degreasing is refluxed adds 20 times of water gagings and soaks, and regulates pH8, soaks after 80min, takes Microwave Extraction method to extract jujube powder, and time 5min, obtains Fructus Jujubae extract.
Get matrimony vine, first with 8 times of water gagings, decoct 2 hours, then decoct 1.5 hours with 6 times of water gagings, merge decocting liquid twice, film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and reduction vaporization is dried (0.1MPa, 20 ℃), obtains wolfberry fruit extract.
Get Momordica grosvenori, dry and pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain mangosteen powder; Add 30 times of water gagings, under 50 ℃ of conditions, ultrasonic wave extracts 3 times, each 5min, and operating frequency 53KHz, power 150W, merges three times filtrate, and film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and reduction vaporization is dried (0.1MPa, 20 ℃), obtains Fructus Monordicae extract.。
By above-mentioned mixing of materials, and add calcium gluconae and vitamin C, the pure water of 10 times of quality soaks, and moves in jacketed pan, in ultrasonic environment, heats, and ultrasonic frequency is 30KHz, and boiling temperature is 100 ℃, and the time is 2 hours; With the centrifuge of 100 order filter clothes, filter, obtain auxiliary material baste.
10, batching: sea cucumber feed liquid, auxiliary material baste that enzymolysis is filtered carry out proportioning in the ratio of 1:1, mix and again pass through centrifugal filtration.
11, filling sterilizing: the method that sterilizing adopts pasteurization to combine with microwave sterilization.
In pouring process, filling qualified single bottle product should be put into constant heat storage at any time and preserve, until the filling lid that rolls of same batch materials, carry out sterilizing after complete end.
First product is placed in to 95 ℃ of conditions, sterilizing 15s, shifts out; Put it into again microwave quick-reaction system and carry out microwave sterilization, power 1000W, time 8min.

Claims (2)

1. a holothurian oral liquid, it is characterized in that, by following raw material, be prepared from: sea cucumber 500-1000 part, ginkgo 50-100 part, Leaves of Hippophae L 50-80 part, lotus leaf 50-80 part, hawthorn 50-80 part, date 50-80 part, matrimony vine 50-80 part, Momordica grosvenori 10-20 part, calcium gluconae 50-80 part, vitamin C 50-80 part;
Described sea cucumber obtains sea cucumber extract after purification, vacuum freeze drying, coarse crushing, ultramicro grinding, microwave-assisted enzyme solution, the enzyme that goes out, filtration, desalination;
Described vacuum freeze drying: the described sea cucumber cleaning up is carried out to freeze drying, and cryogenic temperature is-20~-25 ℃, and vacuum is 5-15Pa, snap frozen 2-3h, freeze-drying final temperature 60-70 ℃;
Described ultramicro grinding: the sea cucumber after vacuum freeze drying, through described coarse crushing, is obtained to thick sea cucumber powder; Described thick sea cucumber powder is carried out to ultramicro grinding by airslide disintegrating mill, and time 2-3h, obtains ultra micro sea cucumber powder; Then ultra micro sea cucumber powder is carried out to nanometer pulverizing by high speed shear ultrafine crusher, grinding time is 3-5h, obtains nano sea cucumber powder;
Described microwave-assisted enzyme solution: add pure water, nano sea cucumber powder and water are dissolved with 1:5-10 mass ratio, obtain sea cucumber milk; Weigh the compound protease of sea cucumber weight 0.3-0.4%, described compound protease comprises pepsin and bromelain, the ratio of described pepsin and described bromelain is 2:1, put into container, after adding pure water that compound protease is dissolved, together with sea cucumber milk, put into enzymatic vessel, standing 1-2min in the microwave environment that is 500-1000w in intensity.
2. the preparation technology of a kind of holothurian oral liquid as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, this preparation technology comprises purification of raw materials, vacuum freeze drying, coarse crushing, ultramicro grinding, microwave-assisted enzyme solution, the enzyme that goes out, filtration, desalination, processing auxiliary material baste, batching and filling sterilizing totally ten one steps:
(1) purification of raw materials: by the fresh and alive sea cucumbers of acceptance(check), along belly from first to last complete section open, gill, impurity is cleaned up;
(2) vacuum freeze drying: the sea cucumber cleaning up is carried out to freeze drying, and cryogenic temperature is-20~-25 ℃, and vacuum is 5-15Pa, snap frozen 2-3h, freeze-drying final temperature 60-70 ℃;
(3) coarse crushing: the sea cucumber after freeze drying is put into pulverizer, pulverize 10-30min, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain thick sea cucumber powder;
(4) ultramicro grinding: first sea cucumber meal is carried out to ultramicro grinding by airslide disintegrating mill, time 2-3h, obtains ultra micro sea cucumber powder; Then ultra micro sea cucumber powder is carried out to nanometer pulverizing by high speed shear ultrafine crusher, grinding time is 3-5h;
(5) microwave-assisted enzyme solution: add pure water, sea cucumber powder and water are dissolved with 1:5-10 mass ratio, obtain sea cucumber milk, accurately weigh the compound protease of sea cucumber weight 0.3-0.4%, described compound protease comprises pepsin and bromelain, the ratio of described pepsin and described bromelain is 2:1, put into the container cleaning up through pure water, after adding appropriate pure water that compound protease is dissolved, together with sea cucumber milk, put into enzymatic vessel, standing 1-2min in the microwave environment that is 500-1000w in intensity;
(6) enzyme that goes out: after enzymolysis completes, by enzymolysis liquid rapidly degree of intensification to 90 ℃ of enzyme 10-30min that go out; Complete after the deactivation of enzyme, enzymatic vessel is stopped to heating, enzymolysis liquid is cooled to rapidly to normal temperature; Enzymatic vessel purified rinse water, flushing liquor is put into enzymolysis liquid;
(7) filter: the enzymolysis liquid after cooling is first used to the centrifugal 20min of generic centrifuge, filter; Get filtrate, the centrifugal 20min of low temperature ultrahigh speed, filters filtrate for later use;
(8) desalination: by filtrate by nanofiltration with except freshen; Residue and then excessively 100 mesh sieves, obtain sea cucumber extract;
(9) processing auxiliary material baste:
Get the ginkgo blade at 2-3 age, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain ginkgo leaf meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains ginkgo leaf powder;
Get the sea-buckthorn blade at 3-5 age, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain Leaves of Hippophae L meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains Leaves of Hippophae L powder;
Get the lotus leaf blade at 2-3 age, 25 ℃ of water rinses, spread and dry, in 25 ℃, 0.1MPa environment, place 4 hours, 100 ℃ of steam beatings 5 minutes, room temperature is cooling, 150 ℃ of baking ovens toast 15 seconds, 4 ℃ cooling, pulverizes, and crosses 80 sieves, obtain lotus leaf meal, meal is dropped into fluid energy mill and carry out ultramicro grinding, product is crossed 300 mesh sieves, obtains lotus leaf powder;
Get hawthorn, soak 60min, then adopt decocting cooking method to extract, extract 3 times, add water and doubly measure and be respectively 14 times, 12 times and 12 times, extraction time is respectively 3.0h, 2.5h and 2.5h, merge three times filtrate, film evaporation method is flung to moisture, at 0.1MPa, under the condition of 20 ℃, reduction vaporization is dry, obtains haw thorn extract;
Get date, dry and pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain jujube powder; Jujube powder is put into extraction equipment for fat, adopt absolute ethyl alcohol refluxing extraction 3 times, each 2h; Jujube powder after degreasing is refluxed adds 20 times of water gagings and soaks, and regulates pH8, soaks after 80min, takes Microwave Extraction method to extract jujube powder, and time 5min, obtains Fructus Jujubae extract;
Get matrimony vine, first with 8 times of water gagings, decoct 2 hours, then decoct 1.5 hours with 6 times of water gagings, merge decocting liquid twice, film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and at 0.1MPa, under the condition of 20 ℃, reduction vaporization is dry, obtains wolfberry fruit extract;
Get Momordica grosvenori, dry and pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain mangosteen powder; Add 30 times of water gagings, under 50 ℃ of conditions, ultrasonic wave extracts 3 times, each 5min, and operating frequency 53KHz, power 150W, merges three times filtrate, and film evaporation method is flung to moisture, and at 0.1MPa, under the condition of 20 ℃, reduction vaporization is dry, obtains Fructus Monordicae extract;
By above-mentioned mixing of materials, and add calcium gluconae and vitamin C, the pure water of 10 times of quality soaks, and moves in jacketed pan, in ultrasonic environment, heats, and ultrasonic frequency is 20-30KHz, and boiling temperature is 95-100 ℃, and the time is 2-4 hour; With the centrifuge of 100 order filter clothes, filter, obtain auxiliary material baste;
(10) batching: sea cucumber feed liquid, auxiliary material baste that enzymolysis is filtered carry out proportioning in the ratio of 1:1, mix and again pass through centrifugal filtration;
(11) filling sterilizing: the method that sterilizing adopts pasteurization to combine with microwave sterilization;
In pouring process, filling qualified single bottle product should be put into constant heat storage at any time and preserve, until the filling lid that rolls of same batch materials, carry out sterilizing after complete end;
First product is placed in to 95 ℃ of conditions, sterilizing 15s, shifts out; Put it into again microwave quick-reaction system and carry out microwave sterilization, power 850-1000W, time 8-15min.
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CN103859455B (en) * 2014-02-14 2015-11-25 胡方 A kind of method improving sea cucumber nutrient absorptivity
CN104489695A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-08 蔡炜 Health-care oral liquid and preparation method thereof
CN105747137A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-13 威海博宇食品有限公司 Sea cucumber gel and preparation method thereof
CN107455753A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-12-12 山东圣洲海洋生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of sea cucumber peptide oral liquid and its preparation technology

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