CN102934998B - Pressure evaluating system, relieving pressure control system and exercise pressure reduction control method - Google Patents

Pressure evaluating system, relieving pressure control system and exercise pressure reduction control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102934998B
CN102934998B CN201210498133.7A CN201210498133A CN102934998B CN 102934998 B CN102934998 B CN 102934998B CN 201210498133 A CN201210498133 A CN 201210498133A CN 102934998 B CN102934998 B CN 102934998B
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experimenter
interval
pressure
force value
detection module
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CN102934998A (en
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高宁
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SHENZHEN CITY FITMOUSE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHENZHEN CITY FITMOUSE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a pressure evaluating system, a relieving pressure control system and an exercise pressure reduction control method. The relieving pressure control system comprises a monitoring device, a fixing band and a display device, wherein the monitoring device is used for detecting R-P interphase, human body respiratory signal and human body exercise signal, calculating the pressure of a subject according to the R-P interphase, judging the pressure condition of the subject according to the pressure value and outputting corresponding exercise indexes according to the pressure condition; the fixing band is used for fixing the monitoring device; the display device is used for displaying a monitoring result; and the monitoring device is arranged on the fixing band and connected with the display device. According to the invention, the exercise intensity, exercise time and respiration tempo of the subject can be controlled by detecting R-P interphase, human body respiratory signal and human body exercise signal and outputting corresponding exercise indexes according to the pressure condition, thereby achieving the effect of relieving pressure. Furthermore, since miniaturized design is adopted, the relieving pressure control system is convenient to use, and can timely feed back all indexes of the subject and help the subject to relieve pressure.

Description

Stress appraisal system, releive control pressurer system and motion decompression control method
Technical field
The present invention relates to health care technology field, particularly a kind of Stress appraisal system, releive control pressurer system and motion decompression control method.
Background technology
Pressure be people's unable reply consciousness to oneself psychology, physiology emotion and spirit be on the hazard time a series of physiological reactions of producing.The pressure said in psychology, the intrapsychic conflict referring to people and the high emotion accompanied with it are experienced.
Long-term pressure state not only has a negative impact to the psychological aspects of people, and also can have a negative impact to the physiology (comprising nervous system, hormonal system and immune system) of people, thus has a strong impact on the healthy of people.Borysenko(Bo Lisenke) cause of all diseases is divided into autonomic nervous system disorder and immune system disorder two kinds.The disease that autonomic nervous system disorder causes comprises migraine, digestive tract ulcer, hypertension, coronary heart disease, asthma etc., and the disease that immune system disorder causes comprises flu, allergy, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), cancer, lupus, arthritis etc.
In the environment of society height rhythm, everyone in time assesses pressure condition, and takes suitable pressure reducing mode to pressure of releiving, and keeps physical and mental health also more and more important.Accomplish that everyone can pressure evaluation device easy to use, the small-sized and portability of device is most important.And the system of existing assessment pressure is large-scale armarium, heavier, and wire is many, and people need fixing place (as hospital) to accept detection, can not provide and feed back help timely, also cannot provide a guide of reducing pressure clearly.
Application number is: 01144875.X, name is called: the automatic far-end control method of assessment autonomic nervous system function and system, have employed a large amount of physiological signals as ECG signal, blood pressure signal, blood flow signal, oxygen content signal, cardiechema signals etc., and Stress appraisal algorithm is put on network, the data of collection are also transferred on network, through the pressure result calculated, be transferred to experimenter's end again, the such intervention of system owing to there being network, when there is no network or network is obstructed, the limitation in use can be produced.And application number is: 200720082506.7, name is called: mental stress alleviation device have employed skin resistance measurement circuit to assess pressure, encourages experimenter to adjust physical and mental statuse to slow down the effect of pressure.But for how to adjust body and mind, common people are difficult to master the technique, be therefore also difficult to reach a gratifying result.
Motion is a kind of is known effective decompression method, the principle of its behind is the hormone owing to there being a kind of diseased peptide in the person, the hormone being called as " Happy factors " this during motion will produce, when motion reaches a certain amount of time, this diseased peptide can promote neural joyful, thus takes away pressure and unhappiness.But, rational exercise intensity and movement time, and motion breathing skill is most important for the effect of motion decompression.
In view of this, the invention provides a kind of Stress appraisal system, releive control pressurer system and motion decompression control method.
Summary of the invention
In view of above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art part, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Stress appraisal system, releive control pressurer system and motion decompression control method, by judging the pressure condition of experimenter, calculate corresponding motion index, to reach the object of pressure of releiving.
In order to achieve the above object, this invention takes following technical scheme:
A kind of Stress appraisal system, it comprises:
For detecting the R-R interval of experimenter, calculating the force value of experimenter according to R-R interval, judging the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, and export the monitoring device of corresponding monitoring result;
For the fixing band of fixing described monitoring device;
For showing the display device of described monitoring result;
Described monitoring device is installed on described fixing band, and is connected with described display device.
Described Stress appraisal system, wherein, described monitoring device comprises:
For obtaining the ecg-r wave detecting electrode of electrocardiosignal;
Electrocardiosignal for being obtained by ecg-r wave detecting electrode is converted to the R-R interval detection module of R-R interval;
For calculating the force value of experimenter according to described R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, and export the microprocessor that corresponding monitoring result shows to display device;
Described ecg-r wave detecting electrode connects microprocessor by R-R interval detection module, and described microprocessor connects display device.
Described Stress appraisal system, wherein, described fixing band is provided with the chamber for holding described monitoring device.
One is releived control pressurer system, and it comprises:
For detecting the R-R interval of experimenter, human body respiration signal and human activity signal, the force value of experimenter is calculated according to described R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, export the monitoring device of corresponding sports index according to described pressure condition;
For the fixing band of fixing described monitoring device;
For showing the display device of monitoring result;
Described monitoring device is installed on described fixing band, and is connected with described display device.
Described control pressurer system of releiving, wherein, described monitoring device comprises:
For obtaining the ecg-r wave detecting electrode of electrocardiosignal;
For obtaining the respiration detection electrode of breath signal;
Electrocardiosignal for being obtained by ecg-r wave detecting electrode is converted to the R-R interval detection module of R-R interval;
Breath signal for being obtained by respiration detection electrode is converted to the breathing phases detection module of breathing phases information;
For detecting the active state detection module of experimenter's moving state information;
For calculating the force value of experimenter according to described R-R interval, the pressure condition of experimenter is judged according to force value, calculate experimenter to need to carry out to reduce pressure time of motion, exercise intensity and breath rhythm when experimenter has pressure, and export corresponding monitoring result to the microprocessor of display device;
Described ecg-r wave detecting electrode connects microprocessor by R-R interval detection module, and respiration detection electrode connects microprocessor by breathing phases detection module, and described active state detection module connects microprocessor, and described microprocessor connects display device.
Described control pressurer system of releiving, wherein, described fixing band is provided with the chamber for holding described monitoring device.
One is releived control pressurer system, and it comprises:
For detecting the R-R interval of experimenter, human body respiration signal and human activity signal, the force value of experimenter is calculated according to described R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, export corresponding sports index according to described pressure condition and send to the monitoring device of display device;
For the fixing band of fixing described monitoring device;
For showing the display device of monitoring result;
Described monitoring device is installed on described fixing band, and is connected with described display device.
Described control pressurer system of releiving, wherein, described monitoring device comprises:
For obtaining the ecg-r wave detecting electrode of electrocardiosignal;
For obtaining the respiration detection electrode of breath signal;
Electrocardiosignal for being obtained by ecg-r wave detecting electrode is converted to the R-R interval detection module of R-R interval;
Breath signal for being obtained by respiration detection electrode is converted to the breathing phases detection module of breathing phases information;
For detecting the active state detection module of experimenter's moving state information;
For calculating the force value of experimenter according to described R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, when experimenter has pressure, exporting experimenter needs to do the time of decompression motion, the microprocessor of exercise intensity and breath rhythm;
For described R-R interval, breathing phases information and experimenter's moving state information being sent to the transmitter module of display device;
Described ecg-r wave detecting electrode connects transmitter module by R-R interval detection module, and respiration detection electrode connects transmitter module by breathing phases detection module, and described active state detection module connects transmitter module, and described transmitter module connects display device.
Described control pressurer system of releiving, wherein, described R-R interval detection module comprises front end amplifying unit and amplification filtering unit; Described front end amplifying unit connects amplification filtering unit, and the first outfan, second outfan of described amplification filtering unit connect microprocessor.
Described control pressurer system of releiving, wherein, described active state detection module comprises sensor, and the model of described sensor is BMA020; The CSB end of sensor, SCK end, SDO end, SDI end are connected microprocessor with INT end.
Described control pressurer system of releiving, wherein, described transmitter module comprises wireless transmit chip, and the model of described wireless transmit chip is NRF8001; The RESET end of wireless transmit chip, RDYN end, REQN end, MOSI end, MISO end, SCK hold wireless connections microprocessor.
Described Stress appraisal system, wherein, described microprocessor comprises single-chip microcomputer, and the model of described single-chip microcomputer is MSP430F149; The P6.0/A0 end of single-chip microcomputer, P6.1 end connect the first outfan, second outfan of amplification filtering unit respectively; The SDI end that the P1.3/TA2 end of single-chip microcomputer, P1.4/SMCLK end, P1.5 hold, P1.6 end, P1.7 hold connecting sensor respectively, SDO hold, SCK end, CSB hold, INT end; The P4.6 end of single-chip microcomputer, P2.5 end, P5.0 end, P5.1 end, P5.2 end, P5.3 hold RESET end, RDYN end, REQN end, MOSI end, MISO end, the SCK end of wireless connections wireless transmit chip.
Releive described in adopting the motion decompression control method of control pressurer system, it comprises:
The R-R interval of A, detection experimenter, calculate the force value of experimenter according to described R-R interval, and judge whether described force value is greater than preset pressure thresholding; If so, then step B is performed; Otherwise prompting experimenter carries out regular motion, and show the activity of the heart rate of experimenter, breathing rate, needs motion;
B, decompression movement time and exercise intensity is set according to described force value, and judges whether the time of subject motion exceedes the decompression movement time of setting; If not, then step C is performed; Be then, perform step D;
The R-R interval of C, continuation detection experimenter, calculates the force value of experimenter, and judges whether described force value is greater than decompression thresholding; If so, then step D is performed; Otherwise perform step B;
D, prompting experimenter carry out arrangement campaign, and carry out respiratory frequency guide, until motion terminates.
The motion decompression control method of described control pressurer system of releiving, wherein, in described steps A, the force value calculating experimenter according to described R-R interval specifically comprises:
A, the HRV sequence of acquisition R-R interval;
B, Fourier transformation is carried out to HRV sequence, obtain power spectrum;
C, rated output spectrum density.
Compared to prior art, a kind of Stress appraisal system provided by the invention, releive control pressurer system and motion decompression control method, its control pressurer system of releiving detects R-R interval, human body respiration signal and human activity signal, the pressure condition of experimenter is judged according to described R-R interval, corresponding sports index is exported according to described pressure condition, control the exercise intensity of experimenter, movement time and breath rhythm, thus reach the effect of pressure of releiving.Stress appraisal system and control pressurer system of releiving have employed miniaturization and arrange, easy to use, can feed back the indices of experimenter timely, help experimenter's relieving stress.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of Stress appraisal system provided by the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Stress appraisal system provided by the invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of subject wears's Stress appraisal system of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structured flowchart of a kind of control pressurer system of releiving provided by the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of a kind of control pressurer system of releiving provided by the invention.
Fig. 6 is that another kind provided by the invention is releived the structured flowchart of control pressurer system.
Fig. 7 is the heart rate spectrum diagram of experimenter under the pressure state that collects of ecg-r wave detecting electrode of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the breathing rate spectrum diagram of experimenter under the pressure state that collects of respiration detection electrode of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the circuit diagram of R-R interval detection module provided by the invention.
Figure 10 is the circuit diagram of active state detection module provided by the invention.
Figure 11 is the circuit diagram of transmitter module provided by the invention.
Figure 12 is the circuit diagram of microprocessor provided by the invention.
Figure 13 is the motion decompression control method flow chart of control pressurer system of releiving provided by the invention.
Figure 14 is HRV frequency spectrum and the power spectral density frequency spectrum contrast schematic diagram of experimenter under theoretical derivation relaxation state.
Figure 15 is HRV frequency spectrum and the power spectral density frequency spectrum contrast schematic diagram of experimenter under theoretical derivation pressure state.
Figure 16 detects schematic diagram R-R interval.
Figure 17 is that the present invention's control pressurer system of releiving detects R-R interval spectrum diagram.
Figure 18 is the HRV spectrum diagram of experimenter under actual measurement pressure state.
Figure 19 is the HRV spectrum diagram of experimenter under actual measurement relaxation state.
Figure 20 is the HRV spectrum diagram before actual measurement subject motion.
Figure 21 is the HRV spectrum diagram after actual measurement subject motion.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention provides a kind of Stress appraisal system, releive control pressurer system and motion decompression control method.For making object of the present invention, technical scheme and effect clearly, clearly, developing simultaneously referring to accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in more detail for embodiment.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, Stress appraisal system provided by the invention comprises: monitoring device 11, fixing band 12 and display device, and described monitoring device 11 is installed on described fixing band 12, and is connected with described display device.Monitoring device 11 and display device can adopt the mode of wired connection, also can adopt the mode of radio communication, avoid a large amount of wires.
For detecting the R-R interval of experimenter, (R-R interval, refers to the Distance Time of R crest in electrocardiogram twice adjacent cardiac to described monitoring device 11, reflection be the interval of twice heart beating), the force value of experimenter is calculated according to R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, and export corresponding monitoring result; Fixing band 12 for fixedly mounting described monitoring device 11 so that user can wear easily; Described display device is for showing described monitoring result.
During concrete enforcement, described monitoring device 11 comprises: for obtaining the ecg-r wave detecting electrode 101 of electrocardiosignal; Electrocardiosignal for being obtained by ecg-r wave detecting electrode 101 is converted to the R-R interval detection module of R-R interval; For calculating the force value of experimenter according to described R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, and export the microprocessor that corresponding monitoring result shows to display device; Described ecg-r wave detecting electrode 101 connects microprocessor by R-R interval detection module, and described microprocessor connects display device.Certainly in other embodiments, described microprocessor can also be arranged in a display device, and the R-R interval that R-R interval detection module detects sends to microprocessor, calculates monitoring result by microprocessor.
In the present embodiment, described display device includes but not limited to wrist-watch, smart mobile phone, PC, domestic TV, it directly can show the monitoring result of monitoring device, as pressure index, also can carry out process to R-R interval and calculates pressure index and show.
For the ease of cleaning and installation, described fixing band 12 is provided with the chamber for holding described monitoring device, namely fixing band can design more several pocket, be respectively used to place ecg-r wave detecting electrode, R-R interval detection module, microprocessor, when testing, fixing band is worn on the chest of experimenter, as shown in Figure 3, after fixing band is repeatedly worn, ecg-r wave detecting electrode, R-R interval detection module, microprocessor are pulled down namely capable of washing.
Above-mentioned Stress appraisal system can only be used for the R-R interval of test subject and calculate force value according to R-R interval, not releive the method for pressure, the embodiment of the present invention also provides one to releive control pressurer system, refer to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, it comprises: monitoring device 21, fixing band 22 and display device, described monitoring device 21 is installed on described fixing band 22, and is connected with described display device.Described fixing band is used for fixing described monitoring device; Described display device is for showing described monitoring result.Similarly, the mode of wired connection between monitoring device 21 and display device, can be adopted, also can adopt the mode of radio communication.
Wherein, monitoring device 21 is for detecting the R-R interval of experimenter, human body respiration signal and human activity signal, the force value of experimenter is calculated according to described R-R interval, the pressure condition of experimenter is judged according to force value, export corresponding sports index according to described pressure condition, this motion index comprises experimenter's needs and does time that decompression moves, breath rhythm and exercise intensity.Described fixing band 22 is for fixing described monitoring device 21, and display device is for showing monitoring result.
Similar, display device includes but not limited to wrist-watch, smart mobile phone, PC, domestic TV, it directly can show the monitoring result of monitoring device, as pressure index, heart rate/breathing rate, activity MET(Metabolic Equivalent of Energy, refer to energy metabolism equivalent), motion index etc.
During concrete enforcement, described monitoring device 21 comprises: for obtaining the ecg-r wave detecting electrode 201 of electrocardiosignal; For obtaining the respiration detection electrode 202 of breath signal; Electrocardiosignal for being obtained by ecg-r wave detecting electrode 201 is converted to the R-R interval detection module of R-R interval; Breath signal for being obtained by respiration detection electrode 202 is converted to the breathing phases detection module of breathing phases information; For detecting the active state detection module of experimenter's moving state information; For calculating the force value of experimenter according to described R-R interval, the pressure condition of experimenter is judged according to force value, calculate experimenter to need to carry out to reduce pressure time of motion, exercise intensity and breath rhythm when experimenter has pressure, and export corresponding monitoring result to the microprocessor of display device.Described ecg-r wave detecting electrode 201 connects microprocessor by R-R interval detection module, respiration detection electrode 202 connects microprocessor by breathing phases detection module, described active state detection module connects microprocessor, and described microprocessor connects display device.
For the ease of cleaning, fixing band 22 also arranges multiple chamber for holding described monitoring device 21.Namely fixing band 22 several pocket be can design more, ecg-r wave detecting electrode 201, respiration detection electrode 202, R-R interval detection module, breathing phases detection module, active state detection module, microprocessor placed respectively, as shown in Figure 5.When testing, fixing band 22 is worn on the chest of experimenter, and monitoring device as shown in Figure 3, after fixing band 22 uses, is pulled down namely capable of washing, fixing band 22 repeatedly can be utilized, economize on resources by its wearing mode.
What the embodiment of the present invention provided releive, and control pressurer system can measure the R-R interval of experimenter, the force value of experimenter is calculated according to R-R interval, the pressure condition of experimenter is judged according to force value, corresponding motion index is exported according to described pressure condition, help experimenter's decompression, and control the exercise intensity of experimenter in motor process, breath rhythm and movement time, thus the effect reaching pressure of releiving.
And the structure of control pressurer system of releiving of the present invention is simple, at hardware aspect, has done miniaturization and power saving optimized design, has allowed user can wear use under natural state, avoid the instrument of the heaviness used in existing laboratory and wire in heaps.This system is particularly useful in the control of the motor process in pressure motor process of releiving and momental control.
Refer to Fig. 6, the present invention also provides another kind to releive control pressurer system, it comprises: for detecting the R-R interval of experimenter, human body respiration signal and human activity signal, the force value of experimenter is calculated according to R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, export corresponding sports index according to described pressure condition and send to the monitoring device of display device; For the fixing band of fixing described monitoring device; For showing the display device of monitoring result; Described monitoring device is installed on described fixing band, and is connected with described display device.
During concrete enforcement, described monitoring device comprises: for obtaining the ecg-r wave detecting electrode of electrocardiosignal; For obtaining the respiration detection electrode of breath signal; Electrocardiosignal for being obtained by ecg-r wave detecting electrode is converted to the R-R interval detection module of R-R interval; Breath signal for being obtained by respiration detection electrode is converted to the breathing phases detection module of breathing phases information; For detecting the active state detection module of experimenter's moving state information; For calculating the force value of experimenter according to R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, when experimenter has pressure, exporting experimenter needs to do the time of decompression motion, the microprocessor of exercise intensity and breath rhythm; For the transmitter module needing experimenter to do time of decompression motion, exercise intensity and breath rhythm send to display device; Described ecg-r wave detecting electrode connects microprocessor by R-R interval detection module, respiration detection electrode connects microprocessor by breathing phases detection module, described active state detection module connects microprocessor, described microprocessor connects transmitter module, and described transmitter module connects display device.
It should be noted that, in Stress appraisal system, a kind ofly releive that control pressurer system is releived in control pressurer system with another kind, the structural principle of ecg-r wave detecting electrode is all identical, the silica gel of conduction or the yarn fabric (as filamentary silver yarn fabric) of conduction can be adopted in the specific implementation to make, and the heart rate figure that it collects as shown in Figure 7; The structural principle of respiration detection electrode is also all identical, resistance-type fabric sensor can be adopted, embed resilient part in pectoral girdle, cause the enlargement and contraction of chest when human body respiration, thus producing the change of resistance-type fabric sensor resistance, its breathing rate detected is as shown in Figure 8.R-R interval detection module in these three systems, active state detection module, transmitter module are identical with the structural principle of microprocessor module, and particular circuit configurations is as follows:
Refer to Fig. 9, described R-R interval detection module comprises front end amplifying unit 100 and amplification filtering unit 200; Described front end amplifying unit 100 connects amplification filtering unit 200, and the first outfan ECG_SINGAL, the second outfan ECG_CHKHEAD of described amplification filtering unit 200 connect microprocessor, and P_R end is connected ecg-r wave detecting electrode with P_L end.This R-R interval detection module adopts Differential Input effectively can reduce noise jamming and improves the sensitivity of input.Especially, the amplifier 101 in front end amplifying unit 100 adopts the instrumentation amplifier with higher common mode inhibition, lower input offset voltage and lower noise, and its model is LT1789.Electronic device in front end amplifying unit 100 need be concentrated when making wiring board and put, the object of noise decrease could be realized well.In the present embodiment, ecg-r wave detecting electrode has two contacts, left and right, contacts left breast and right breast respectively to obtain electrocardiosignal.What P_R end inputted is right breast electrocardiosignal, what P_L end inputted is left breast electrocardiosignal, the noise of left and right breast electrocardiosignal is inhibit after the little multiple of front end amplifying unit 100 amplifies, being combined into an electrocardiosignal carries out after two-stage amplification and bandpass filtering through amplification filtering unit 200 below again, the Hz noise of effective removal 50/60hz, obtain signal quality good R-R interval, i.e. the ECG_CHKHEAD signal that the ECG_SINGAL signal of the first outfan ECG_SINGAL output and the second outfan ECG_CHKHEAD export.
Refer to Figure 10, described active state detection module comprises sensor B1, and the model of described sensor B1 is BMA020; The CSB end of sensor B1, SCK end, SDO end, SDI end are connected microprocessor with INT end.The size of this sensor B1 is less, is 3*3*0.9mm; Low in energy consumption and without the need to the additional circuit of complexity, can programme and different measuring ranges (± 2g/ ± 4g/ ± 8g) is set.
Refer to Figure 11, described transmitter module comprises wireless transmit chip U1, for the data wireless of the needs display after microprocessor computing is emitted to display device display.The model of described wireless transmit chip U1 is NRF8001; The RESET end of wireless transmit chip U1, RDYN end, REQN end, MOSI end, MISO end, SCK end connect microprocessor.The cost of this wireless transmit chip U1 is low, size is little, and its physical layer bit rate is 1Mbps, and sphere of action can reach 15 meters; Its maximum advantage is that power consumption is ultralow, in the optimization that circuit design is for battery, the power consumed is between one of percentage of traditional bluetooth technology to 50 percent, such as, when using the button cell of standard (such as using 3V lithium battery CR2032) to power, this transmitter module is expected to operate even about 2 years several months.
Please refer to Fig. 6, Fig. 9-Figure 12, described microprocessor comprises single-chip microcomputer U2 and peripheral circuit thereof, and the model of described single-chip microcomputer U2 is MSP430F149.The P6.0/A0 end of single-chip microcomputer U2, P6.1 end connect the first outfan ECG_SINGAL, the second outfan ECG_CHKHEAD of amplification filtering unit 200 respectively; The SDI end that the P1.3/TA2 end of single-chip microcomputer U2, P1.4/SMCLK end, P1.5 hold, P1.6 end, P1.7 hold connecting sensor B1 respectively, SDO hold, SCK end, CSB hold, INT end; The P4.6 end of single-chip microcomputer U2, P2.5 end, P5.0 end, P5.1 end, P5.2 end, P5.3 hold RESET end, RDYN end, REQN end, MOSI end, MISO end, the SCK end of wireless connections wireless transmit chip U1.ECG_SINGAL signal and ECG_CHKHEAD signal input this single-chip microcomputer U2 and obtain corresponding monitoring result after treatment, and namely the P4.6 of single-chip microcomputer U2 holds, P2.5 end, P5.0 end, P5.1 end, P5.2 hold, P5.3 holds the NRF8001-RESET signal, NRF8001-RDYN signal, NRF8001-REQN signal, NRF8001-MOSI signal, NRF8001-MISO signal, the NRF8001-SCK signal that export successively.Meanwhile, single-chip microcomputer U2 also calculates the force value of experimenter according to the ECG_SINGAL signal inputted and ECG_CHKHEAD signal, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value.U2 is low in energy consumption for this single-chip microcomputer, supports dry cell power supply.
Based on above-mentioned control pressurer system of releiving, correspondence of the present invention provides a kind of motion decompression control method, and refer to Figure 13, it comprises the following steps:
The R-R interval of S110, detection experimenter, calculate the force value of experimenter according to R-R interval, and judge whether described force value is greater than preset pressure thresholding; If so, then step S120 is performed; Otherwise prompting experimenter carries out regular motion, and show the activity of the heart rate of experimenter, breathing rate, needs motion.
In the present embodiment, the size of preset pressure thresholding is 1, and the present embodiment mainly obtains this force value, specifically comprises the following steps:
A, the HRV sequence of acquisition R-R interval;
B, Fourier transformation is carried out to HRV sequence, obtain power spectrum;
C, rated output spectrum density.
Electrocardiosignal, after the process of R-R interval detection module confirms, can obtain R-R interval.Obtain HRV sequence in the microprocessor again, it at least comprises 350 R-R intervals, through Fourier (FFT) conversion, the power spectral density (PSD) calculated in particular frequency range.HRV frequency spectrum and power spectral density frequency spectrum contrast schematic diagram (Figure 15) that theoretical derivation goes out experimenter under the HRV frequency spectrum of experimenter under relaxation state and power spectral density frequency spectrum contrast schematic diagram (Figure 14) and pressure state can be obtained through above-mentioned steps, wherein, the HRV frequency spectrum of experimenter under (1) part expression relaxation state in Figure 14, the power spectral density frequency spectrum of experimenter under its (2) part expression relaxation state; The HRV frequency spectrum of experimenter under (1) part expression pressure state in Figure 15, the power spectral density frequency spectrum of experimenter under its (2) part expression pressure state.HRV frequency spectrum is analyzed known together with the contrast of power spectral density frequency spectrum: power spectral density is divided into 4 frequency separations usually: ULP(Ultra-Low-Power spectrum, intrasonic) <0.003Hz; 0.003 Hz≤VLP (Very-Low Power spectrum, comparatively low frequency) < 0.04 Hz; 0.04 Hz≤LP (Low Power Spectrum, low frequency) <0.15Hz, reflects orthosympathetic activity; 0.15 Hz≤HP(High Power spectrum, high frequency) <0.40 Hz, reflects parasympathetic activity.The numerical value finding out LP and HP according to the power spectral density plot obtained compares obtained numerical value and is force value.Such as when LP is greater than 1 divided by HP, then represent that pressure is higher; As LP, to be less than 1 representative pressure divided by HP less, is in relaxation state.As in Figure 14, LP=8.30, HP=10.42, then LP/HP=0.80, be less than preset pressure thresholding 1, and experimenter is in the state loosened.LP=7.24, HP=2.94, LP/HP=2.4 in Figure 15, be greater than 1, and experimenter is in pressure state.
When force value is less than 1, be only required to be the motion that experimenter arranges some routines, and show the heart rate/breathing rate, activity MET etc. of experimenter by display device.
S120, decompression movement time and exercise intensity is set according to described force value, and judges whether the time of subject motion exceedes the decompression movement time of setting; If not, then step S130 is performed; Be then, perform step S140.
During concrete enforcement, exercise intensity is also judged by exercise heart rate, movement time can be set to 15-60 minute according to the pressure index of experimenter by the present invention, and exercise heart rate is 60-90%MHR, by arranging the pressure of suitable movement time and movement rhythm alleviation experimenter.
The R-R interval of S130, continuation detection experimenter, calculates the force value of experimenter, and judges whether described force value is greater than decompression thresholding; If so, then step S140 is performed; Otherwise perform step S120.If movement time does not arrive, but through decompression motion, the force value of experimenter has been greater than decompression thresholding, and also directly can carry out arrangement campaign, experimenter controls respiratory frequency as requested, until motion terminates.
S140, prompting experimenter carry out arrangement campaign, and carry out respiratory frequency guide, until motion terminates.After the movement time of decompression motion arrives, monitoring device just points out experimenter to carry out arrangement campaign, and the time of its motion is generally five minutes, and shows respiratory frequency guide, until motion terminates.
Refer to Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18, Figure 19, Figure 20, Figure 21, wherein, Figure 16 detects schematic diagram R-R interval, and Figure 17 is that the present invention's control pressurer system of releiving detects R-R interval spectrum diagram.Low frequency component in this frequency diagram reacts orthosympathetic activity, and high fdrequency component reacts parasympathetic activity.Figure 18 is the HRV spectrum diagram of experimenter under actual measurement pressure state, and the HRV frequency spectrum of people under pressure state is based on low frequency component as can be seen from Figure 18.Figure 19 is the HRV spectrum diagram of experimenter under actual measurement relaxation state, and the HRV frequency spectrum of people under pressure state is based on low frequency component as can be seen from Figure 19.Figure 20 is the HRV spectrum diagram before actual measurement subject motion.Figure 21 is the HRV spectrum diagram after actual measurement subject motion, contrasts with Figure 21, and after people's road-work, the frequency spectrum of HRV, high fdrequency component obviously rises, and reaches the object of decompression.
In sum, the present invention draws pressure index by the R-R interval detecting experimenter, judge whether to need motion decompression, then calculate corresponding motion index according to pressure index, when user carries out decompression campaign, detect R-R interval simultaneously, human body respiration and human activity signal, and show these parameters in real time, and simple decompression exercise program is provided, by controlling the exercise intensity of people, breath rhythm and movement time in motor process, reach the effect of pressure of releiving.
Simultaneously, Stress appraisal system of the present invention and control pressurer system of releiving, wearable and unpick and wash, can routine use, at hardware aspect, do miniaturization and power saving optimized design, allowed user can wear use under natural state, avoid the instrument of the heaviness of existing laboratory system and wire in heaps, its volume is little, is easy to carry, and dismantled and assembled being convenient to of system is cleaned.
Be understandable that, for those of ordinary skills, can be equal to according to technical scheme of the present invention and inventive concept thereof and replace or change, and all these change or replace the protection domain that all should belong to the claim appended by the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. to releive a control pressurer system, it is characterized in that, comprising:
For detecting the R-R interval of experimenter, human body respiration signal and human activity signal, the force value of experimenter is calculated according to described R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, export the monitoring device of corresponding sports index according to described pressure condition;
For the fixing band of fixing described monitoring device;
For showing the display device of monitoring result;
Described monitoring device is installed on described fixing band, and is connected with described display device;
For obtaining the ecg-r wave detecting electrode of electrocardiosignal;
For obtaining the respiration detection electrode of breath signal;
Electrocardiosignal for being obtained by ecg-r wave detecting electrode is converted to the R-R interval detection module of R-R interval;
Breath signal for being obtained by respiration detection electrode is converted to the breathing phases detection module of breathing phases information;
For detecting the active state detection module of experimenter's moving state information;
For calculating the force value of experimenter according to described R-R interval, the pressure condition of experimenter is judged according to force value, calculate experimenter to need to carry out to reduce pressure time of motion, exercise intensity and breath rhythm when experimenter has pressure, and export corresponding monitoring result to the microprocessor of display device;
Described ecg-r wave detecting electrode connects microprocessor by R-R interval detection module, and respiration detection electrode connects microprocessor by breathing phases detection module, and described active state detection module connects microprocessor, and described microprocessor connects display device.
2. control pressurer system of releiving according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described fixing band is provided with the chamber for holding described monitoring device.
3. to releive a control pressurer system, it is characterized in that, comprising:
For detecting the R-R interval of experimenter, human body respiration signal and human activity signal, the force value of experimenter is calculated according to described R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, export corresponding sports index according to described pressure condition and send to the monitoring device of display device;
For the fixing band of fixing described monitoring device;
For showing the display device of monitoring result;
Described monitoring device is installed on described fixing band, and is connected with described display device;
For obtaining the ecg-r wave detecting electrode of electrocardiosignal;
For obtaining the respiration detection electrode of breath signal;
Electrocardiosignal for being obtained by ecg-r wave detecting electrode is converted to the R-R interval detection module of R-R interval;
Breath signal for being obtained by respiration detection electrode is converted to the breathing phases detection module of breathing phases information;
For detecting the active state detection module of experimenter's moving state information;
For calculating the force value of experimenter according to described R-R interval, judge the pressure condition of experimenter according to force value, when experimenter has pressure, exporting experimenter needs to do the time of decompression motion, the microprocessor of exercise intensity and breath rhythm;
For described R-R interval, breathing phases information and experimenter's moving state information being sent to the transmitter module of display device;
Described ecg-r wave detecting electrode connects transmitter module by R-R interval detection module, and respiration detection electrode connects transmitter module by breathing phases detection module, and described active state detection module connects transmitter module, and described transmitter module connects display device.
4. control pressurer system of releiving according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described R-R interval detection module comprises front end amplifying unit and amplification filtering unit; Described front end amplifying unit connects amplification filtering unit, and the first outfan, second outfan of described amplification filtering unit connect microprocessor.
5. control pressurer system of releiving according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described active state detection module comprises sensor, and the model of described sensor is BMA020; The CSB end of sensor, SCK end, SDO end, SDI end are connected microprocessor with INT end.
6. control pressurer system of releiving according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described transmitter module comprises wireless transmit chip, and the model of described wireless transmit chip is NRF8001; The RESET end of wireless transmit chip, RDYN end, REQN end, MOSI end, MISO end, SCK end connect microprocessor.
7. control pressurer system of releiving according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described microprocessor comprises single-chip microcomputer, and the model of described single-chip microcomputer is MSP430F149; The P6.0/A0 end of single-chip microcomputer, P6.1 end connect the first outfan, second outfan of amplification filtering unit respectively; The SDI end that the P1.3/TA2 end of single-chip microcomputer, P1.4/SMCLK end, P1.5 hold, P1.6 end, P1.7 hold connecting sensor respectively, SDO hold, SCK end, CSB hold, INT end; The P4.6 end of single-chip microcomputer, P2.5 end, P5.0 end, P5.1 end, P5.2 end, P5.3 end connect RESET end, RDYN end, REQN end, MOSI end, MISO end, the SCK end of wireless transmit chip respectively.
8. adopt a motion decompression control method for control pressurer system of releiving described in claim 1 or 3, it is characterized in that, comprising:
The R-R interval of A, detection experimenter, calculate the force value of experimenter according to described R-R interval, and judge whether described force value is greater than preset pressure thresholding; If so, then step B is performed; Otherwise prompting experimenter carries out regular motion, and show the activity of the heart rate of experimenter, breathing rate, needs motion;
B, decompression movement time and exercise intensity is set according to described force value, and judges whether the time of subject motion exceedes the decompression movement time of setting; If not, then step C is performed; Be then, perform step D;
The R-R interval of C, continuation detection experimenter, calculates the force value of experimenter, and judges whether described force value is greater than decompression thresholding; If so, then step D is performed; Otherwise perform step B;
D, prompting experimenter carry out arrangement campaign, and carry out respiratory frequency guide, until motion terminates.
9. the motion decompression control method of control pressurer system of releiving according to claim 8, is characterized in that, in described steps A, the force value calculating experimenter according to described R-R interval specifically comprises:
A, the HRV sequence of acquisition R-R interval;
B, Fourier transformation is carried out to HRV sequence, obtain power spectrum;
Rated output spectrum density.
CN201210498133.7A 2012-11-29 2012-11-29 Pressure evaluating system, relieving pressure control system and exercise pressure reduction control method Expired - Fee Related CN102934998B (en)

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