CN102919180B - Artificial breeding method of sepia esculenta - Google Patents

Artificial breeding method of sepia esculenta Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102919180B
CN102919180B CN201210474542.3A CN201210474542A CN102919180B CN 102919180 B CN102919180 B CN 102919180B CN 201210474542 A CN201210474542 A CN 201210474542A CN 102919180 B CN102919180 B CN 102919180B
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golden cuttlefish
young
pond
parent
meal
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CN102919180A (en
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夏灵敏
王晓艳
李海锋
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Zhejiang Dahaiyang Science and Technology Co., Ltd.
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

An artificial breeding method of sepia esculenta belongs to the technical field of mariculture. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps: 1, selection and matching of parents; 2, strengthened culturing of the parents; 3, spawning and hatching; 4, cultivation of larvae; and 5, cultivation of young sepia esculenta. The artificial breeding method of sepia esculenta is simple in step and high in operability; the feeding amount of the sepia esculenta parents is regulated and controlled manually, particularly the sepia esculenta parents are mainly fed with fly maggots, wherein the fly maggot powder has high protein content being 56%-63%, fat content being 13%, ash content being 7%, sugar content being 3.1%, crude protein content being 15% and crude fat being 5.8%, so nutritional requirement of growth of the sepia esculenta parents can be met and thus a batch of high-quality germ cells are obtained; and then the feeding amount and the like of offspring seeds of sepia esculenta are regulated and controlled manually, and especially bait contains cuttlefish visceral meal, so the growth speed of offspring seeds of sepia esculenta can be increased and the offspring seeds are stably supplied in batches.

Description

Golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method
Technical field
The invention belongs to mariculture technology field, be specifically related to a kind of golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method.
Background technology
Golden cuttlefish has another name called inkfish, snakeheaded fish.Medium-sized cuttlefish, metastomium oval, long 20 centimetres of general intestines, length is width 1.5 times.Back of the body abdomen is slightly flat, and lateral margin is around with narrow fin, disunion.There are 5 pairs of wrists in the surrounding of head front end, mouth, and 4 pairs shorter, and each dirty upper length has 4 suckers; 1 pair of tactile wrist slightly exceedes heir's length, and its sucker is only on top, small and dense.Eye is flourishing, the prosperity of calcium carbonate endoskeleton, and oblong, length is about 2.5 times of width, and rear end spicule is sturdy.In body, there is ink sac, interior contain black liquor.Body yellowish-brown, takes on body and has the thin spot of brown purple and white alternate, and the Xiong Tiyin back of the body has wavy striped, is in the sun golden colour lustre.China coast all has distribution, with yellow, Bohai Sea output is more.Rizhao City, Shandong Province is main distribution centre, and term is many in 8~December, and be the best fishing period November.
Summary of the invention
For the problem of prior art existence, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of technical scheme of golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method, to solve the problems such as in prior art, golden cuttlefish offspring seed cultivation method is loaded down with trivial details, growth rate is slow.
Described golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method, is characterized in that the method comprises the following steps:
1) selecting and combo of parent: according to the natural propagation method of golden cuttlefish, screening health respectively, sexually matured male and female golden cuttlefish do parent, and then male and female golden cuttlefish carries out combo by 1~2:1;
2) parent's hot housing: by the golden cuttlefish parent in step 1), put into nursery pond and carry out hot housing 15~30 days; Controlling and cultivating pond water temperature is 20~25 ℃, seawater salinity 25~30, golden cuttlefish is carried out the stimulation by running water 10~15 minutes of 5~8m/min, within every 2 hours, by fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and the mineral matter feed of alternately throwing something and feeding, feeding volume is 0.3~0.6 times of parent's weight simultaneously;
3) spawning and hatching: above-mentioned golden cuttlefish parent after hot housing is confirmed after gonad maturity, move in spawning pond and lay eggs, in pond, put into egg apparatus, and by fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and the mineral matter feed of alternately throwing something and feeding, feeding volume is seedling weight 1.2~1.5 times, day quantity of exchanged water 100%~300%, keeping cultivating pond water temperature is 20~25 ℃, seawater salinity 25~30, and water-soluble oxygen amount is more than or equal to 6mg/l, after golden cuttlefish parent natural spawning, collect fertilized egg and hatch;
4) larval culture: the golden cuttlefish young after hatching is put into cultivate in pond and cultivate, wherein the condition of larval culture is: water temperature is 20~25 ℃, seawater salinity 25~30, day quantity of exchanged water 30 %~100%, soil pick-up 1~2 time at the bottom of day pond, intensity of illumination is 500LX~1000LX, bait is fish meal, dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and calcium dihydrogen phosphate, feeding volume is 1.5~2.0 times of seedling weight, and the young is the young body of golden cuttlefish through cultivating abnormal after 30~45 days;
5) young body is cultivated: young above-mentioned golden cuttlefish body is put into the indoor pond that is hung with things concealed and cultivate, the condition that wherein young body is cultivated is: water temperature 22-26 ° of C, salinity 30~40, day quantity of exchanged water 100 %~200 %; Intensity of illumination is 500LX~1000LX, and bait is fish meal, dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and calcium dihydrogen phosphate, feeding volume is seedling weight 2.0~3.0 times; Treat that young volume density reaches 300~1000/m 3divide pond to cultivate.
Described golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method, is characterized in that described step 2) and step 3) in the percentage by weight of fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and mineral matter be 46:5:45:4.
Described golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method, is characterized in that fish meal in described step 4) and step 5), dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and biphosphate weight percent calcium are 34:19:6:3:8:24:4:1.1:0.9.
Described golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method, is characterized in that described mineral matter is by FeSO 4h 2o, CuSO 45H 2o, MgSO 4with KI be that 1~2:0.8~1.2:2~4:0.5~0.8 is mixed to get by weight.
Described golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method, is characterized in that described egg apparatus is that diameter is plastic tube, when hatching, the egg apparatus with fertilized egg is put in aquarium, adopts flowing water, micro-inflation hatching; Wherein streamflow is 50%~150%.
Golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method of the present invention, step is simple, workable, by the artificial regulatory golden cuttlefish parent material of throwing something and feeding, Feeding time, feeding volume, Reproduction Conditions etc., particularly fly maggot is as the main component of the material of throwing something and feeding, fly maggot powder gross protein value is up to 56%~63%(average out to 59.5%), fat 13%, ash content 7%, carbohydrate 3.1%, thick protein 15%, crude fat 5.8%, can meet the nutritional need of new this growth of golden cuttlefish, can obtain the fertilized egg of a collection of high-quality, then by the artificial regulatory golden cuttlefish seed material of throwing something and feeding, Feeding time, feeding volume, growth conditions etc., particularly squid visceral meal, there is experiment to show, mutually nibbling between golden cuttlefish, can increase its growth rate, therefore squid visceral meal is as the composition of bait, can speed the growth rate of golden cuttlefish, form stable, seed in batches.
Embodiment
Further illustrate the present invention below in conjunction with embodiment.
Embodiment
Golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method, the method comprises the following steps:
1) selecting and combo of parent: according to the natural propagation method of golden cuttlefish, screening health respectively, sexually matured male and female golden cuttlefish do parent, and then male and female golden cuttlefish carries out combo by 1~2:1;
2) parent's hot housing: by the golden cuttlefish parent in step 1), put into nursery pond and carry out hot housing 15~30 days; Controlling and cultivating pond water temperature is 20~25 ℃, seawater salinity 25~30, golden cuttlefish is carried out the stimulation by running water 10~15 minutes of 5~8m/min, within every 2 hours, by fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and the mineral matter feed of alternately throwing something and feeding, feeding volume is 0.3~0.6 times of parent's weight simultaneously; The percentage by weight of fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and mineral matter is 46:5:45:4, and mineral matter is by FeSO 4h 2o, CuSO 45H 2o, MgSO 4with KI be that 1~2:0.8~1.2:2~4:0.5~0.8 is mixed to get by weight;
3) spawning and hatching: above-mentioned golden cuttlefish parent after hot housing is confirmed after gonad maturity, move in spawning pond and lay eggs, put into egg apparatus in pond, egg apparatus is plastic tube, when hatching, the egg apparatus with fertilized egg is put in aquarium, adopted flowing water, micro-inflation hatching; Wherein streamflow is 50%~150%, and by fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and the mineral matter feed of alternately throwing something and feeding, feeding volume is seedling weight 1.2~1.5 times, the percentage by weight of fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and mineral matter is 46:5:45:4, mineral matter is by FeSO 4h 2o, CuSO 45H 2o, MgSO 4with KI be that 1~2:0.8~1.2:2~4:0.5~0.8 is mixed to get by weight, day quantity of exchanged water 100%~300%, keeping cultivating pond water temperature is 20~25 ℃, seawater salinity 25~30, water-soluble oxygen amount is more than or equal to 6mg/l, after golden cuttlefish parent natural spawning, collects fertilized egg and hatches;
4) larval culture: the golden cuttlefish young after hatching is put into cultivate in pond and cultivate, wherein the condition of larval culture is: water temperature is 20~25 ℃, seawater salinity 25~30, day quantity of exchanged water 30 %~100%, soil pick-up 1~2 time at the bottom of day pond, intensity of illumination is 500LX~1000LX, bait is fish meal, dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and calcium dihydrogen phosphate, feeding volume is 1.5~2.0 times of seedling weight, fish meal, dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and biphosphate weight percent calcium are 34:19:6:3:8:24:4:1.1:0.9, the young is the young body of golden cuttlefish through cultivating abnormal after 30~45 days,
5) young body is cultivated: young above-mentioned golden cuttlefish body is put into the indoor pond that is hung with things concealed and cultivate, the condition that wherein young body is cultivated is: water temperature 22-26 ° of C, salinity 30~40, day quantity of exchanged water 100 %~200 %; Intensity of illumination is 500LX~1000LX, bait is fish meal, dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and calcium dihydrogen phosphate, feeding volume is 2.0~3.0 times of seedling weight, and fish meal, dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and biphosphate weight percent calcium are 34:19:6:3:8:24:4:1.1:0.9; Treat that young volume density reaches 300~1000/m 3divide pond to cultivate.
Golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method of the present invention, step is simple, workable, by artificial regulatory golden cuttlefish parent throw something and feed material, Feeding time, feeding volume, Reproduction Conditions etc., particularly fly maggot is as the main component of the material of throwing something and feeding, fly maggot powder gross protein value is up to 56%~63%(average out to 59.5%), fat 13%, ash content 7%, carbohydrate 3.1%, thick protein 15%, crude fat 5.8%, can meet the nutritional need of new this growth of golden cuttlefish, can obtain the fertilized egg of a collection of high-quality; Then by artificial regulatory golden cuttlefish seed throw something and feed material, Feeding time, feeding volume, growth conditions etc., particularly squid visceral meal, there is experiment to show, mutually nibbling between golden cuttlefish, can increase its growth rate, therefore squid visceral meal, as the composition of bait, can speed the growth rate of golden cuttlefish, forms seed stable, in batches.

Claims (2)

1. golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method, is characterized in that the method comprises the following steps:
1) selecting and combo of parent: according to the natural propagation method of golden cuttlefish, screening health respectively, sexually matured male and female golden cuttlefish do parent, and then male and female golden cuttlefish carries out combo by 1~2:1;
2) parent's hot housing: by the golden cuttlefish parent in step 1), put into nursery pond and carry out hot housing 15~30 days; Controlling and cultivating pond water temperature is 20~25 ℃, seawater salinity 25~30, golden cuttlefish is carried out the stimulation by running water 10~15 minutes of 5~8m/min, within every 2 hours, by fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and the mineral matter feed of alternately throwing something and feeding, feeding volume is 0.3~0.6 times of parent's weight simultaneously;
3) spawning and hatching: above-mentioned golden cuttlefish parent after hot housing is confirmed after gonad maturity, move in spawning pond and lay eggs, in pond, put into egg apparatus, and by fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and the mineral matter feed of alternately throwing something and feeding, feeding volume is 1.2~1.5 times of parent's weight, day quantity of exchanged water 100%~300%, keeping cultivating pond water temperature is 20~25 ℃, seawater salinity 25~30, and water-soluble oxygen amount is more than or equal to 6mg/l, after golden cuttlefish parent natural spawning, collect fertilized egg and hatch;
4) larval culture: the golden cuttlefish young after hatching is put into cultivate in pond and cultivate, wherein the condition of larval culture is: water temperature is 20~25 ℃, seawater salinity 25~30, day quantity of exchanged water 30%~100%, soil pick-up 1~2 time at the bottom of day pond, intensity of illumination is 500LX~1000LX, bait is fish meal, dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and calcium dihydrogen phosphate, feeding volume is 1.5~2.0 times of young weight, and the young is the young body of golden cuttlefish through cultivating abnormal after 30~45 days;
5) young body is cultivated: young above-mentioned golden cuttlefish body is put into the indoor pond that is hung with things concealed and cultivate, the condition that wherein young body is cultivated is: water temperature 22-26 ℃, salinity 30~40, day quantity of exchanged water 100%~200%; Intensity of illumination is 500LX~1000LX, and bait is fish meal, dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and calcium dihydrogen phosphate, feeding volume is young body weight 2.0~3.0 times; Treat that young volume density reaches 300~1000/m 3divide pond to cultivate;
Described step 2) and step 3) in the percentage by weight of fly maggot, vitamin, oppossum shrimp and mineral matter be 46:5:45:4, described mineral matter is by FeSO 4h 2o, CuSO 45H 2o, MgSO 4with KI be that 1~2:0.8~1.2:2~4:0.5~0.8 is mixed to get by weight;
In described step 4) and step 5), fish meal, dregs of beans, yeast, squid visceral meal, peanut meal, Strong flour, fish oil, soybean lecithin and biphosphate weight percent calcium are 34:19:6:3:8:24:4:1.1:0.9.
2. golden cuttlefish artificial raise seedling method according to claim 1, is characterized in that described egg apparatus is plastic tube, when hatching, the egg apparatus with fertilized egg is put in aquarium, adopts flowing water, micro-inflation hatching.
CN201210474542.3A 2012-11-21 2012-11-21 Artificial breeding method of sepia esculenta Expired - Fee Related CN102919180B (en)

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CN103548721B (en) * 2013-10-17 2015-09-02 宁波大学 A kind of breeding method of tiger spot cuttlefish large size seedling seed
CN109362610B (en) * 2018-03-22 2021-06-25 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Method for cultivating fry of sepia reiliana
CN108935257B (en) * 2018-09-22 2021-05-25 江苏海洋大学 Shrimp pond net cage combined breeding method
CN109757406B (en) * 2019-02-27 2021-11-05 日照市海洋与渔业研究所(日照市海域使用动态监视监测中心、日照市水生动物救护站) Sepia esculenta fry proliferation method

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