CN102919033B - Method for processing cutting and rooting in tunnel matrix on twig tree of juglans hopeiensis Hu - Google Patents

Method for processing cutting and rooting in tunnel matrix on twig tree of juglans hopeiensis Hu Download PDF

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CN102919033B
CN102919033B CN 201210463308 CN201210463308A CN102919033B CN 102919033 B CN102919033 B CN 102919033B CN 201210463308 CN201210463308 CN 201210463308 CN 201210463308 A CN201210463308 A CN 201210463308A CN 102919033 B CN102919033 B CN 102919033B
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shoots
hopeiensis
cutting
transplanting
matrix
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CN102919033A (en )
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王国平
陈秋芳
肖蓉
李春燕
张拥兵
田建保
史华平
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山西省农业科学院果树研究所
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture
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    • Y02P60/216Aquaponics or hydroponics

Abstract

本发明为一种麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法,解决了麻核桃嫁接繁殖方法慢、不能很好保持坚果优良特性和无法满足作为核桃砧木无性系需求的问题。 The present invention is a method of rooting softwood cuttings walnut hemp, hemp solve walnut grafting method is slow, not well maintained excellent features and nuts can not meet the issue as a walnut rootstock clones demand. 具体步骤如下:1)麻核桃嫩枝树上处理;2)拱棚内麻核桃嫩枝处理;3)处理好的麻核桃嫩枝的扦插;4)麻核桃嫩枝扦插后管理;5)麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽及管理。 Specific steps are as follows: 1) tree shoots J.hopeiensis process; 2) Shed J.hopeiensis shoots processing; 3) for cutting the shoots good J.hopeiensis; 4) J.hopeiensis softwood cuttings management; 5) J.hopeiensis transplanting and management softwood cuttings. 该方法将麻核桃嫩枝树上处理、拱棚基质中扦插和营养基质中移栽相结合,建立了一种高效的麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根育苗技术,扦插生根率达到75%以上,移栽成活率达到70%以上。 The method J.hopeiensis process tree shoots, cutting and matrix shed nutrient medium transplanting combine to establish an efficient J.hopeiensis softwood cuttings rooting seedling technology, Rooting rate of more than 75%, the survival of transplanted rate of 70%. 该技术具有节约成本、育苗周期短、移栽成活率高、保持母本麻核桃遗传特性、种苗整齐、加快麻核桃优良无性系快速繁殖和推广等特点,极具推广价值。 The technology has cost, short breeding cycle, high survival rate of transplant, to keep the female hemp walnut genetic characteristics, seedlings neat, accelerate J.hopeiensis superior clones of rapid propagation and promotion features, great promotional value.

Description

麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法 J.hopeiensis softwood cuttings rooting method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种麻核桃苗木的培育方法,具体为一种麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for cultivating seedlings walnut hemp, softwood J.hopeiensis particular to a method of rooting cuttings.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 麻樣紙{ juglans hopeiensis Hu)原产于我国,是核桃楸和核桃的天然杂交种,属核桃楸组,是核桃属植物中分布范围最窄,数量最少的一个种,它天然分布在核桃楸分布的区域,最先在河北省太行山北部地区发现,所以又称为河北核桃。 [0002] comp hemp paper {juglans hopeiensis Hu) originating in China, is a natural hybrid Juglans and walnut, Juglans mandshurica group metal, walnut genus narrowest distribution range, a minimum number of one kind, it is naturally distributed at the regional distribution of walnut Catalpa, was first found in the Taihang Mountains in northern Hebei province, Hebei is also known as walnuts. 自然状态下它常与核桃、核桃楸混生,麻核桃的外观特征,诸如:小叶外形和对数,坚果外观特征等均介于核桃与核桃楸之间,由于麻核桃的这些特征,它既有核桃楸根系发达,生长旺盛,适应性强,抗寒,抗旱,耐瘠薄的优点,又具有与核桃良好的嫁接亲和性。 It is often in the natural state and Mixed walnut, Juglans mandshurica, J.hopeiensis appearance characteristics, such as: shape between the leaflets and the number of nuts and appearance characteristics etc. between walnut Juglans, J.hopeiensis Thanks to these features, which both Manchurian walnut root system, vigorous growth, adaptability, cold, drought resistance, barren advantages, but also has good graft compatibility with walnuts. 我们两年的实地调查和研究证实了这一点。 Our field survey and two years of research confirms this. 因此,用麻核桃嫁接核桃,可以解决诸多当前核桃生产中面临的难题,如:适种范围窄、早衰、易感病等。 Therefore, grafted walnut walnut hemp can solve many problems currently faced by walnut production, such as: proper narrow range of species, premature aging, susceptible to disease. 同时,由于其坚果大,壳面有较深的刻沟、纹理皱褶形式各异,内隔壁骨质,适宜雕刻、观赏和玩耍等。 Meanwhile, because of its large nut, lateral surface engraved deeper grooves, folds texture different forms, the bone wall, suitable for engraving, ornamental and the like play. 古往今来,一直是人们争相追逐和收藏的对象。 Throughout the ages, people have been chasing and collections of objects. 由于野生麻核桃树很少,产量也很小,近几年,经济效益非常好。 Since very few wild hemp walnut tree, the output is very small, in recent years, economic efficiency is very good.

[0003] 我国北方核桃嫁接普遍使用的核桃砧木仍然是核桃实生播种苗。 [0003] walnut rootstock grafted walnut north of our country is still widely used walnut seedling planting seedlings. 核桃嫁接利用本砧存在很大的局限性,如:栽种范围窄、果园整体不整齐、抗性不一致、同一品种所结果实良莠不齐等。 Walnut grafting using anvil present significant limitations, such as: narrow range of planting, orchard overall irregular, inconsistent resistance, the same mixed fruit varieties like. 国外核桃主产国为了克服这些缺点,都在研究砧木无性系。 Foreign Walnut main producing countries in order to overcome these shortcomings, are studying clonal rootstocks. 如:美国核桃的快速发展就得益于其核桃砧木一奇异核桃无性系的实际应用。 Such as: the rapid development thanks to its American walnut on a walnut rootstock strange walnut practical application clones. 现在已普及到欧洲诸国、澳大利亚和新西兰。 It has now spread to Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand. 由于麻核桃原产于我国,是天然的杂交种,具有奇异核桃类似的特性,是中国核桃嫁接的理想砧木。 Because hemp walnut originating in China, is a natural hybrid with similar characteristics strange walnut, Chinese walnut rootstock is ideal for grafting. 因此,培育优质的麻核桃无性系作为核桃砧木,是赶超国际核桃生产水平、确保建立高标准核桃果园的有效途径,实现核桃高产、优质、高效栽培的基础,具有重要的现实意义。 Therefore, cultivate high-quality walnut hemp walnut clones as rootstocks, walnut is catch up with international production level, an effective way to ensure the establishment of high standards of walnut orchards, walnut achieve high yield, high quality and efficient cultivation base, has important practical significance. 同时,好·的麻核桃品系,其坚果本身有很高的经济效益,为达到保持其优良坚果特性,不改变其遗传性状,必须利用无性繁殖技术。 At the same time, good-walnut strains of hemp, nuts which itself has high economic efficiency, to achieve good nuts to maintain its characteristics do not change their genetic traits, we must take advantage of asexual reproduction technology. 只有这样,才能使这些品系快速推广,产生极大社会经济效益。 The only way to make rapid adoption of these lines, have a significant social and economic benefits.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明是针对麻核桃野生资源日益枯竭,一般嫁接繁殖方法慢,不能很好保持坚果优良特性和无法满足作为核桃砧木无性系需求的问题。 [0004] The present invention is directed to J.hopeiensis wild resources are depleted, the general grafting method is slow, not well maintained excellent features and nuts can not meet the issue as a walnut rootstock clones demand. 提供一种麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法。 To provide a method of rooting softwood cuttings walnut hemp.

[0005] 本发明是通过以下技术方案实现的: [0005] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:

[0006] 一种麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法,包括以下步骤: [0006] A J.hopeiensis cuttings rooting shoots, comprising the steps of:

[0007] ( I)麻核桃嫩枝树上处理: [0007] (I) J.hopeiensis tree twigs process:

[0008] 选择麻核桃树上长20-25cm、生长健壮且半木质化的嫩枝,在其基部用环剥刀环剥宽度为2_的环剥口,并用激素纸将伤口包裹,所述的激素纸是指将高温灭菌的滤纸在50mg/l的GA3 (赤霉素)中浸湿即可;在激素纸外再用锡箔纸包裹两层,锡箔纸包裹长度至环剥口以上5cm;包裹15天后,将所选嫩枝从环剥口处截断,并将嫩枝环剥口以上IOcm内的复叶去掉,其它部分的复叶保留3片小叶(去掉嫩枝上的复叶,可有效减少枝内水分的蒸发);将处理好的嫩枝用塑料膜包裹保湿并运回拱棚; [0008] The tree selection J.hopeiensis 20-25cm long, robust growth and the half lignified shoots, at its base with a width of girdling girdling girdling knife 2_ port and the wound wrapping paper with hormones, the It hormones paper refers to paper soaked to a high temperature sterilization at 50mg / l of GA3 a (GA); and then foil wrapped in two pheromone paper, aluminum foil wrapped to a length of 5cm above the mouth girdling ; package 15 days the selected shoots cut off from the mouth girdling, and the fronds in the mouth over girdling IOcm remove twigs, compound leaves other portions retain three leaflets (fronds removed on the shoots, can effectively reduce evaporation of water in the branch); sends the processed shoots wrapped in plastic film and the return of moisture shed;

[0009] ( 2 )麻核桃嫩枝拱棚内处理: [0009] (2) Processing J.hopeiensis shoots Shed:

[0010] 首先去掉包裹在嫩枝上的塑料膜并将嫩枝置于流水中冲洗,冲掉枝条及叶片的尘土及其它附着物,接着将嫩枝在800倍多菌灵溶液中浸15分钟(以达到杀菌的目的),之后取出嫩枝并晾干其上的菌液,所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂;最后将嫩枝基部削成锲形,所削斜面在叶柄基部的对面,斜面长2.5cm ; [0010] First shoots removed wrapped in a plastic film and placed in running water for flushing shoots, wash away dust and other deposits of branches and leaves, the shoots and then immersed in a solution of 800 times Carbendazim 15 minutes (for the purpose of sterilization), and then taken out to dry shoots on which bacteria, the carbendazim content of 80% active ingredient wettable powders; finally shoots shaved wedge base, the cut petiole base opposite the inclined surface, the inclined surface 2.5cm long;

[0011] (3)麻核桃嫩枝的扦插: [0011] (3) Shoot Cutting J.hopeiensis:

[0012] 首先是扦插基质的准备,将过筛干净的河沙在扦插苗床铺厚度为15cm的扦插层,铺好后,用800倍的多菌灵溶液喷透(以防止杂菌的滋生),所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂,利用和扦插嫩枝粗度相同的树枝在扦插苗床上按株距15cm、行距15cm、孔深7cm的标准进行插孔(可保证嫩枝基部不磨损,从而可防止基部褐化,影响根的正常生长); [0012] First cutting matrix is ​​prepared, sieved sand clean cutting seedlings in beds having a thickness of 15cm cutting layer after laid, with a 800-fold was sprayed through carbendazim (to prevent the breeding of various germs) , the active ingredient is carbendazim wettable powder content of 80%, using the same thickness and cutting shoots branches on cutting bed by spacing 15cm, spacing 15cm, 7cm depth of the hole standard jack (ensure shoots base is not worn, the base portion so as to prevent browning, affect the normal growth of roots);

[0013] 其次是枝条的扦插,将步骤(2)中经处理的嫩枝基部在5000mg/l的IBA (吲哚丁酸)水溶液中浸3秒,并放入已插好孔的扦插基质中,待插满时,用喷壶均匀喷水,弥合所有插孔中的缝隙(防止嫩枝和扦插基质接触不紧密而使嫩枝失水),将倾斜的嫩枝扶正; [0013] followed by cutting branches, twigs base of step (2) is treated for 3 seconds immersed 5000mg / l of IBA (indole butyric acid) in water, and cutting the substrate into the plugged hole , to be studded, uniform spray watering can, bridging the gap all of jacks (shoots and preventing cutting is not closely contact with the substrate shoots dehydration), the inclination of the righting shoots;

[0014] (4)麻核桃嫩枝扦插后管理: [0014] (4) after J.hopeiensis softwood cuttings management:

[0015] 控制扦插苗床的温度:白天为23°C _25°C,夜间为18°C _20°C,空气湿度保持在90%以上;每天早、中、晚各放风一次,每次放风10分钟;扦插25天后,当嫩枝基部发出Icm长的根时,即可逐渐揭膜, 减小空气湿度,同时,加强光照,直至完全去掉保护措施;嫩枝生根后每周喷一次营养液,所述的营养液成分组成为DKW (核桃专用培养基,Driver andKuniyuki培养基)培养基中的大量元素组成成分及其固定的浓度(硝酸铵1416.0 mg/1、无水氯化钙112.5 mg/ί、硝酸钙1367.0 mg/ί、硫酸镁361.49 mg/ί、磷酸二氢钾265.0mg/ί、硫酸钾1559.0 mg/ί );当平均根长达3cm、根数达4根以上时,将生根苗进行移栽; [0015] Cutting seedbed temperature control: day is 23 ° C _25 ° C, for night 18 ° C _20 ° C, humidity maintained at 90% or more; day early, middle and late leaked once every 10 minutes leaked ; cuttings 25 days, when shoots root Icm issued base length, can gradually removing film, reduce the air humidity, while strengthening the light, until complete removing the protective measures; nutrient solution sprayed once a week after rooting shoots, the the composition of said nutrient fluid composition components and a fixed concentration of DKW (walnut special culture medium, Driver andKuniyuki medium) medium large number of elements (ammonium nitrate 1416.0 mg / 1, calcium chloride anhydrous 112.5 mg / ί, calcium nitrate 1367.0 mg / ί, magnesium 361.49 mg / ί, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 265.0mg / ί, potassium 1559.0 mg / ί); when the average root up to 3cm, the number more than four, will be rooted transplanting;

[0016] (5)麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽及管理: [0016] (5) J.hopeiensis shoots and cuttings management Transplanting:

[0017] 移栽基质由下列体积份数的原料组成:3份田园土、I份腐熟好的农家肥和I份细沙(田园土为普通的栽培土,因经常施肥耕作,肥力较高,团粒结构好,是配制培养土的主要原料之一;农家肥种类繁多而且来源广、数量大,便于就地取材,就地使用,成本也比较低,所含营养物质比较全面,而且其有利于促进土壤团粒结构的形成,使土壤中空气和水的比值协调,使土壤疏松,增加保水、保温、透气、保肥的能力);将生根苗移栽至装满移栽基质的营养钵中,移栽后立即浇透水,放置在拱棚中,并控制拱棚的温度:白天温度为23°C -25 °C,夜间温度为18°C _20°C,空气湿度为70%以上;移栽15天后,脱钵检查,当可以看到伸出新根时,即可逐渐揭去保湿膜,在太阳散射光下培养,直到能在太阳直射光中持续放置,而叶片不萎蔫,即可移栽到大田,进行常规管理 [0017] Transplanting matrix volume fraction from the raw material of the following composition: 3 parts garden soil, parts I and I composting manure good parts sand (ordinary garden soil cultivation soil tillage fertilization due to frequent, high fertility, good crumb structure, preparation of training is one of the main raw material soil; manure great variety and wide source of large quantities, easy to use local materials, local use, the cost is relatively low, which contain nutrients more comprehensive, and its beneficial promote the formation of the aggregate structure of soil, the soil air and water in the ratio of coordination, loose soil, increased water retention, insulation, ventilation, and fertilizer capacity); the transplanting of rooted plants transplanted to pots filled with nutrient substrates in immediately after transplanting irrigated water, placed in a shed, the shed and controlling the temperature: daytime temperature of 23 ° C -25 ° C, nighttime temperature of 18 ° C _20 ° C, humidity of 70% or more; 15 days after transplanting , check off the bowl, can be seen when the new extended root, moisture can be gradually peeled film cultured in the sun light scattering, can continue until the light is placed in direct sunlight, while the blades do not wilt, can be transplanted to Daejeon, routine management

[0018] 本发明中所述的DKW (Driver and Kuniyuki培养基)培养基为核桃专用培养基,是本领域的公知产品。 [0018] In the invention according to DKW (Driver and Kuniyuki medium) medium dedicated medium walnut, are well known products in the art. DKW培养基中含有的元素分为大量元素和微量元素,并且各元素成分及比例是清楚确定的,是本领域普通技术人员所熟知的。 DKW medium contained elements is divided into a large number of elements and trace elements, and each element and the proportion of component is clearly identified, those of ordinary skill in the art. 本发明方法中所述的营养液成分组成就是选用DKW培养基中的大量元素组成成分及其固定浓度:硝酸铵1416.0 mg/ί、无水氯化钙112.5 mg/1、硝酸钙1367.0 mg/ί、硫酸镁361.49 mg/ί、磷酸二氢钾265.0mg/ί、硫酸钾1559.0 mg/1。 The method of the present invention in the chemical composition of the nutrient solution is chosen DKW medium number of elements in a fixed concentration and composition: Ammonium nitrate 1416.0 mg / ί, anhydrous calcium chloride 112.5 mg / 1, calcium nitrate 1367.0 mg / ί magnesium sulfate 361.49 mg / ί, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 265.0mg / ί, potassium 1559.0 mg / 1.

[0019] 特别注意的是,麻核桃树上的嫩枝处理时,所选嫩枝为外围生长的20-25cm长、健壮的枝条,并且要求枝条半木质化,因为这是后续嫩枝生根、移栽成活的基础;在选择具体母树时,可选择3年生的麻核桃树为宜。 [0019] Special attention is, when the processing J.hopeiensis tree shoots, selected shoots grown as a peripheral length of 20-25cm, branches robust, woody and requires half the branches, since this is a subsequent rooting shoots, transplant survival base; mother trees in the choice of particular selectively J.hopeiensis 3 year old tree is appropriate. 嫩枝上锡箔纸包裹时间太长或太短都对生根不利,因此要特别注意树上包裹处理时间的长短,经反复试验发现包裹15天为宜。 On the twig wrapped in foil are too long or too short to take root unfavorable, so pay special attention to the length of time the tree package handling, by trial and error found wrapped 15 days is appropriate. 在麻核桃嫩枝拱棚内处理时,将嫩枝基部削成长2.5cm的锲形斜面,所削斜面在复叶叶柄基部的对面,因为只有在该部位,才能诱导生根。 When processing the shed J.hopeiensis shoots, the shoots cut the base of the wedge inclined surface growth 2.5cm, the bevel cut only at the site to rooting compound leaf petiole opposite the base, because.

[0020] 与麻核桃一般嫁接育苗相比,本发明提供的麻核桃树上嫩枝处理拱棚基质中扦插的方法,由于其枝条是取自母树,其遗传特性不会改变;不用嫁接,没有嫁接口,不存在嫁接愈合不好或嫁接不亲和的问题;由于扦插所采材料为嫩枝,因此在整个生长季都能进行,从而大大加快优良无性系的繁殖和推广。 [0020] Compared with the general J.hopeiensis grafting seedlings, tree twigs processing method J.hopeiensis Shed the matrix of the invention provides a cutting, since it is taken from the mother tree branches, which does not alter the genetic characteristics; not grafted, not married Interface problems or poor healing grafting and grafting incompatibility does not exist; due to the cutting of the material taken as a twig, and therefore can be carried out throughout the growing season, thus greatly accelerating the breeding and promotion of improved clones.

[0021 ] 总之,本发明将麻核桃的嫩枝树上处理和拱棚基质中扦插相结合,解决了麻核桃无性繁殖面临的瓶颈问题。 [0021] In summary, the present invention is the processing and tree shoots Shed matrix J.hopeiensis cuttings in combination, solve the bottleneck problem faced J.hopeiensis asexual reproduction. 该方法可以使麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根率达到75%以上,移栽成活率达到70%以上,每月可以繁殖一批,即可加快无性系繁殖速度,又可提高拱棚利用率。 This method allows J.hopeiensis softwood cuttings rooting rate of more than 75% transplant survival rate of 70% per month can multiply a number, you can accelerate the speed of propagation of clones, but also improve the utilization Shed. 本发明所述的麻核桃的嫩枝树上处理拱棚基质中扦插生根的方法具有节约成本、缩短育苗周期、提高移栽成活率、保持母本麻核桃遗传特性、种苗整齐、加快优良无性系快速繁殖和推广等特点,因此具有广阔的应用前景和显著的社会经济效益。 The present invention is a method J.hopeiensis shed tree shoots in rooting matrix having a processing cost, shorten the breeding period, improving transplant survival rate, holding J.hopeiensis maternal genetic characteristics, neat seed, to accelerate the fine clones rapid propagation and promotion and so on, so it has broad application prospects and significant social and economic benefits.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0022] 实施例1 [0022] Example 1

[0023] 一种麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法,包括以下步骤: [0023] A J.hopeiensis cuttings rooting shoots, comprising the steps of:

[0024] ( I)麻核桃嫩枝树上处理: [0024] (I) J.hopeiensis tree twigs process:

[0025] 选择麻核桃树上长20cm、生长健壮且半木质化的嫩枝,在其基部环剥宽度为2mm的环剥口,并用激素纸将伤口包裹,所述的激素纸是指将高温灭菌的滤纸在50mg/l的GA3中浸湿即可;在激素纸外再用锡箔纸包裹两层,锡箔纸包裹长度至环剥口以上5cm ;包裹15天后,将所选嫩枝从环剥口处截断,并将嫩枝上环剥口以上IOcm内的复叶去掉,其它部分的复叶保留3片小叶;将处理好的嫩枝用塑料膜包裹保湿并运回拱棚; [0025] Select J.hopeiensis tree length 20cm, robust growth and the half lignified shoots, at its base to a width of 2mm girdling girdling the mouth, and the wound wrapping paper with a hormone, a hormone paper refers to a high temperature sterile filter paper soaked in 50mg / l GA3 in the can; then foil wrapped in two pheromone paper, aluminum foil wrapped to a length of 5cm above girdling port; package 15 days the selected shoots from the ring stripping mouth truncated inner fronds and twigs on the girdling IOcm removed above the mouth, other parts of the fronds reserved three leaflets; sends the processed shoots wrapped in plastic film and the return of moisture shed;

[0026] ( 2 )麻核桃嫩枝拱棚内处理: [0026] (2) Processing J.hopeiensis shoots Shed:

[0027] 首先去掉包裹在嫩枝上的塑料膜并将嫩枝置于流水中冲洗,冲掉枝条及叶片的尘土及其它附着物,接着将嫩枝在800倍多菌灵溶液中浸15分钟,之后取出嫩枝并晾干其上的菌液,所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂;最后将嫩枝基部削成锲形,所削斜面在叶柄基部的对面,斜面长2.5cm ; [0027] First shoots removed wrapped in a plastic film and placed in running water for flushing shoots, wash away dust and other deposits of branches and leaves, the shoots and then immersed in a solution of 800 times Carbendazim 15 minutes was taken out and dried shoots on which bacteria, the carbendazim content of 80% active ingredient wettable powders; finally shoots shaved wedge base portion, the base portion opposite the bevel cut petiole, slope length 2.5cm;

[0028] ( 3 )麻核桃嫩枝的扦插: [0028] (3) Shoot Cutting J.hopeiensis:

[0029] 首先是扦插基质的准备,将过筛干净的河沙在扦插苗床铺厚度为15cm的扦插层,铺好后,用800倍的多菌灵溶液喷透,所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂,利用和扦插嫩枝粗度相同的树枝在扦插苗床上按株距15cm、行距15cm、孔深7cm的标准进行插孔; [0029] First cutting matrix is ​​prepared and sieved to clean the sand bed cutting seedlings cutting layer thickness of 15cm, the paved, with a 800-fold solution was sprayed through carbendazim, carbendazim the content of 80% active ingredient wettable powders, using the same cutting shoots and branches in thickness by cutting bed spacing 15cm, spacing 15cm, 7cm depth of the hole standard jack;

[0030] 其次是枝条的扦插,将步骤(2)中经处理的嫩枝基部在5000mg/l的IBA水溶液中浸3秒,并放入已插好孔的扦插基质中,待插满时,用喷壶均匀喷水,弥合所有插孔中的缝隙,将倾斜的嫩枝扶正; [0030] followed by cutting branches, the step (2) shoots the base were immersed in the treated aqueous 3 seconds IBA 5000mg / l, and the hole is plugged into the cutting matrix, to be studded, uniform water with a watering can, bridging the gap all the jack, the inclination shoots righting;

[0031] (4)麻核桃嫩枝扦插后管理: [0031] (4) after J.hopeiensis softwood cuttings management:

[0032] 控制扦插苗床的温度:白天为24°C,夜间为20°C,空气湿度保持在90%以上;每天早、中、晚各放风一次,每次放风10分钟;扦插25天后,当嫩枝基部发出Icm长的根时,即可逐渐揭膜,减小空气湿度,同时,加强光照,直至完全去掉保护措施;嫩枝生根后每周喷一次营养液,所述的营养液成分组成为DKW培养基的大量元素组成成分及其固定的浓度;当平均根长达3cm、根数达4根以上时,将生根苗进行移栽; [0032] Cutting seedbed temperature control: day is 24 ° C, the night of 20 ° C, humidity maintained at 90% or more; day early, middle and late once leaked, leaked every 10 minutes; cuttings 25 days, when when the issue of the base root shoots Icm long, gradually removing film can reduce the air humidity, while strengthening the light, until complete removing the protective measures; rooting shoots after weekly spraying a nutrient solution, the chemical composition of the nutrient solution DKW medium to large number of elements and a fixed concentration of the components; when the average root up to 3cm, the number of more than 4, the transplanting rooted;

[0033] (5)麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽及管理: [0033] (5) J.hopeiensis shoots and cuttings management Transplanting:

[0034] 移栽基质由下列体积份数的原料组成:3份田园土、I份腐熟好的农家肥和I份细沙;将生根苗移栽至装满移栽基质的营养钵中,移栽后立即浇透水,放置在拱棚中,并控制拱棚的温度:白天温度为23°C,夜间温度为19°C,空气湿度为70%以上;移栽15天后,脱钵检查,当可以看到伸出的新根时,即可逐渐揭去保湿膜,在太阳散射光下培养,直到能在太阳直射光中持续放置,而叶片不萎蔫,即可移栽到大田,进行常规管理。 [0034] Transplanting matrix volume fraction from the raw material of the following composition: 3 parts garden soil, parts I and I composting manure good parts sand; and transplanting of rooted plants transplanted to pots filled with nutrient matrix, the mobile irrigated immediately after transplanting, placed in a shed, the shed and the control temperature: daytime temperature of 23 ° C, nighttime temperature of 19 ° C, humidity of 70% or more; 15 days after transplanting, check off the bowl, as can be seen extending to the new root, moisture can be gradually peeled film cultured in the sun light scattering, can continue until the light is placed in direct sunlight, while the blades do not wilt, can be transplanted to the field, for general management.

[0035] 具体实施时,所选的嫩枝母树为3年生麻核桃树。 When [0035] In particular embodiments, the selected three-year-old shoots mother trees J.hopeiensis tree. 在麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽时,选用规格为18X25cm的营养钵,首先在营养钵中加入一半的移栽基质,然后将生根苗放在移栽基质上,再继续·加入移栽基质,直至移栽基质与营养钵边缘相平。 Ma softwood cuttings in the walnut seedlings transplanting, the choice of nutritional bowl 18X25cm specifications for the first half of the transplanted matrix added nutritional bowl, and then transplanting rooted on the substrate, and then continue · Add transplanting matrix until transplanting matrix and nutritional bowl edge is flat. 此外,选用的多菌灵为天津百胜化工有限公司生产的,有效成分含量为80%,剂型为可湿性粉剂。 In addition, carbendazim selected Yum Tianjin Chemical Co., Ltd., the active ingredient content of 80%, a wettable powder formulation.

[0036] 实施例2 [0036] Example 2

[0037] —种麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法,包括以下步骤: [0037] - methods J.hopeiensis cuttings rooting shoots, comprising the steps of:

[0038] ( I)麻核桃嫩枝树上处理: [0038] (I) J.hopeiensis tree twigs process:

[0039] 选择麻核桃树上长25cm、生长健壮且半木质化的嫩枝,在其基部环剥宽度为2mm的环剥口,并用激素纸将伤口包裹,所述的激素纸是指将高温灭菌的滤纸在50mg/l的GA3中浸湿即可;在激素纸外再用锡箔纸包裹两层,锡箔纸包裹长度至环剥口以上5cm ;包裹15天后,将所选嫩枝从环剥口处截断,并将嫩枝上环剥口以上IOcm内的复叶去掉,其它部分的复叶保留3片小叶;将处理好的嫩枝用塑料膜包裹保湿并运回拱棚; [0039] Select J.hopeiensis tree length 25cm, robust growth and the half lignified shoots, at its base to a width of 2mm girdling girdling the mouth, and the wound wrapping paper with a hormone, a hormone paper refers to a high temperature sterile filter paper soaked in 50mg / l GA3 in the can; then foil wrapped in two pheromone paper, aluminum foil wrapped to a length of 5cm above girdling port; package 15 days the selected shoots from the ring stripping mouth truncated inner fronds and twigs on the girdling IOcm removed above the mouth, other parts of the fronds reserved three leaflets; sends the processed shoots wrapped in plastic film and the return of moisture shed;

[0040] ( 2 )麻核桃嫩枝拱棚内处理: [0040] (2) Processing J.hopeiensis shoots Shed:

[0041] 首先去掉包裹在嫩枝上的塑料膜并将嫩枝置于流水中冲洗,冲掉枝条及叶片的尘土及其它附着物,接着将嫩枝在800倍多菌灵溶液中浸15分钟,之后取出嫩枝并晾干其上的菌液,所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂;最后将嫩枝基部削成锲形,所削斜面在叶柄基部的对面,斜面长2.5cm ; [0041] First shoots removed wrapped in a plastic film and placed in running water for flushing shoots, wash away dust and other deposits of branches and leaves, the shoots and then immersed in a solution of 800 times Carbendazim 15 minutes was taken out and dried shoots on which bacteria, the carbendazim content of 80% active ingredient wettable powders; finally shoots shaved wedge base portion, the base portion opposite the bevel cut petiole, slope length 2.5cm;

[0042] ( 3 )麻核桃嫩枝的扦插: [0042] (3) Shoot Cutting J.hopeiensis:

[0043] 首先是扦插基质的准备,将过筛干净的河沙在扦插苗床铺厚度为15cm的扦插层,铺好后,用800倍的多菌灵溶液喷透,所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂,利用和扦插嫩枝粗度相同的树枝在扦插苗床上按株距15cm、行距15cm、孔深7cm的标准进行插孔; [0043] First cutting matrix is ​​prepared and sieved to clean the sand bed cutting seedlings cutting layer thickness of 15cm, the paved, with a 800-fold solution was sprayed through carbendazim, carbendazim the content of 80% active ingredient wettable powders, using the same cutting shoots and branches in thickness by cutting bed spacing 15cm, spacing 15cm, 7cm depth of the hole standard jack;

[0044] 其次是枝条的扦插,将步骤(2)中经处理的嫩枝基部在5000mg/l的IBA水溶液中浸3秒,并放入已插好孔的扦插基质中,待插满时,用喷壶均匀喷水,弥合所有插孔中的缝隙,将倾斜的嫩枝扶正;[0045] (4)麻核桃嫩枝扦插后管理: [0044] followed by cutting branches, the step (2) shoots the base were immersed in the treated aqueous 3 seconds IBA 5000mg / l, and the hole is plugged into the cutting matrix, to be studded, uniform water with a watering can, bridging the gap all the jack, the inclination shoots righting; [0045] (4) management softwood cutting J.hopeiensis:

[0046] 控制扦插苗床的温度:白天为23°C,夜间为19°C,空气湿度保持在90%以上;每天早、中、晚各放风一次,每次放风10分钟;扦插25天后,当嫩枝基部发出Icm长的根时,即可逐渐揭膜,减小空气湿度,同时,加强光照,直至完全去掉保护措施;嫩枝生根后每周喷一次营养液,所述的营养液成分组成为DKW培养基的大量元素组成成分及其固定的浓度;当平均根长达3cm、根数达4根以上时,将生根苗进行移栽; [0046] Cutting seedbed temperature control: day is 23 ° C, for night 19 ° C, humidity maintained at 90% or more; day early, middle and late once leaked, leaked every 10 minutes; cuttings 25 days, when when the issue of the base root shoots Icm long, gradually removing film can reduce the air humidity, while strengthening the light, until complete removing the protective measures; rooting shoots after weekly spraying a nutrient solution, the chemical composition of the nutrient solution DKW medium to large number of elements and a fixed concentration of the components; when the average root up to 3cm, the number of more than 4, the transplanting rooted;

[0047] (5)麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽及管理: [0047] (5) J.hopeiensis shoots and cuttings management Transplanting:

[0048] 移栽基质由下列体积份数的原料组成:3份田园土、I份腐熟好的农家肥和I份细沙;将生根苗移栽至装满移栽基质的营养钵中,移栽后立即浇透水,放置在拱棚中,并控制拱棚的温度:白天温度为24°C,夜间温度为20°C,空气湿度为70%以上;移栽15天后,脱钵检查,当可以看到伸出的新根时,即可逐渐揭去保湿膜,在太阳散射光下培养,直到能在太阳直射光中持续放置,而叶片不萎蔫,即可移栽到大田,进行常规管理。 [0048] Transplanting matrix volume fraction from the raw material of the following composition: 3 parts garden soil, parts I and I composting manure good parts sand; and transplanting of rooted plants transplanted to pots filled with nutrient matrix, the mobile irrigated immediately after transplanting, placed in a shed, the shed and the control temperature: daytime temperature of 24 ° C, nighttime temperature of 20 ° C, humidity of 70% or more; 15 days after transplanting, check off the bowl, as can be seen extending to the new root, moisture can be gradually peeled film cultured in the sun light scattering, can continue until the light is placed in direct sunlight, while the blades do not wilt, can be transplanted to the field, for general management.

[0049] 具体实施时,所选的嫩枝母树为3年生麻核桃树。 When [0049] In particular embodiments, the selected three-year-old shoots mother trees J.hopeiensis tree. 在麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽时,选用规格为18X25cm的营养钵,首先在营养钵中加入一半的移栽基质,然后将生根苗放在移栽基质上,再继续加入移栽基质,直至移栽基质与营养钵边缘相平。 When J.hopeiensis softwood cutting transplanting seedlings, the choice of nutritional bowl 18X25cm specifications for the first half of the added nutrients bowl transplanting matrix, rooted and then transplanted on a substrate, and then continue to add transplanting medium, and transplanting the matrix nutritional bowl until the edge is flat. 此外,选用的多菌灵为天津百胜化工有限公司生产的,有效成分含量为80%,剂型为可湿性粉剂。 In addition, carbendazim selected Yum Tianjin Chemical Co., Ltd., the active ingredient content of 80%, a wettable powder formulation.

[0050] 实施例3 [0050] Example 3

[0051] 一种麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法,包括以下步骤: [0051] A J.hopeiensis cuttings rooting shoots, comprising the steps of:

[0052] ( I)麻核桃嫩枝树上处理: [0052] (I) J.hopeiensis tree twigs process:

[0053] 选择麻核桃树·上长23cm、生长健壮且半木质化的嫩枝,在其基部环剥宽度为2mm的环剥口,并用激素纸将伤口包裹,所述的激素纸是指将高温灭菌的滤纸在50mg/l的GA3中浸湿即可;在激素纸外再用锡箔纸包裹两层,锡箔纸包裹长度至环剥口以上5cm ;包裹15天后,将所选嫩枝从环剥口处截断,并将嫩枝上环剥口以上IOcm内的复叶去掉,其它部分的复叶保留3片小叶;将处理好的嫩枝用塑料膜包裹保湿并运回拱棚; [0053] The choice J.hopeiensis tree · 23cm long, the robust growth of shoots and semi-lignified, at its base to a width of 2mm girdling girdling the mouth, and the wound wrapping paper with a hormone, a hormone refers to paper autoclaved filter paper soaked in 50mg / l GA3 in the can; then foil wrapped in two pheromone paper, aluminum foil wrapped to a length of 5cm above girdling port; package 15 days, the shoots selected from girdling cut mouth and twigs on the girdling inner fronds removed IOcm above the mouth, other parts of the fronds reserved three leaflets; sends the processed shoots wrapped in plastic film and the return of moisture shed;

[0054] ( 2 )麻核桃嫩枝拱棚内处理: [0054] (2) Processing J.hopeiensis shoots Shed:

[0055] 首先去掉包裹在嫩枝上的塑料膜并将嫩枝置于流水中冲洗,冲掉枝条及叶片的尘土及其它附着物,接着将嫩枝在800倍多菌灵溶液中浸15分钟,之后取出嫩枝并晾干其上的菌液,所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂;最后将嫩枝基部削成锲形,所削斜面在叶柄基部的对面,斜面长2.5cm ; [0055] First shoots removed wrapped in a plastic film and placed in running water for flushing shoots, wash away dust and other deposits of branches and leaves, the shoots and then immersed in a solution of 800 times Carbendazim 15 minutes was taken out and dried shoots on which bacteria, the carbendazim content of 80% active ingredient wettable powders; finally shoots shaved wedge base portion, the base portion opposite the bevel cut petiole, slope length 2.5cm;

[0056] (3)麻核桃嫩枝的扦插: [0056] (3) Shoot Cutting J.hopeiensis:

[0057] 首先是扦插基质的准备,将过筛干净的河沙在扦插苗床铺厚度为15cm的扦插层,铺好后,用800倍的多菌灵溶液喷透,所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂,利用和扦插嫩枝粗度相同的树枝在扦插苗床上按株距15cm、行距15cm、孔深7cm的标准进行插孔; [0057] First cutting matrix is ​​prepared and sieved to clean the sand bed cutting seedlings cutting layer thickness of 15cm, the paved, with a 800-fold solution was sprayed through carbendazim, carbendazim the content of 80% active ingredient wettable powders, using the same cutting shoots and branches in thickness by cutting bed spacing 15cm, spacing 15cm, 7cm depth of the hole standard jack;

[0058] 其次是枝条的扦插,将步骤(2)中经处理的嫩枝基部在5000mg/l的IBA水溶液中浸3秒,并放入已插好孔的扦插基质中,待插满时,用喷壶均匀喷水,弥合所有插孔中的缝隙,将倾斜的嫩枝扶正; [0058] followed by cutting branches, the step (2) shoots the base were immersed in the treated aqueous 3 seconds IBA 5000mg / l, and the hole is plugged into the cutting matrix, to be studded, uniform water with a watering can, bridging the gap all the jack, the inclination shoots righting;

[0059] (4)麻核桃嫩枝扦插后管理: [0059] (4) after J.hopeiensis softwood cuttings management:

[0060] 控制扦插苗床的温度:白天为25°C,夜间为18°C,空气湿度保持在90%以上;每天早、中、晚各放风一次,每次放风10分钟;扦插25天后,当嫩枝基部发出Icm长的根时,即可逐渐揭膜,减小空气湿度,同时,加强光照,直至完全去掉保护措施;嫩枝生根后每周喷一次营养液,所述的营养液成分组成为DKW培养基的大量元素组成成分及其固定的浓度;当平均根长达3cm、根数达4根以上时,将生根苗进行移栽; [0060] Cutting seedbed temperature control: day is 25 ° C, for night 18 ° C, humidity maintained at 90% or more; day early, middle and late once leaked, leaked every 10 minutes; cuttings 25 days, when when the issue of the base root shoots Icm long, gradually removing film can reduce the air humidity, while strengthening the light, until complete removing the protective measures; rooting shoots after weekly spraying a nutrient solution, the chemical composition of the nutrient solution DKW medium to large number of elements and a fixed concentration of the components; when the average root up to 3cm, the number of more than 4, the transplanting rooted;

[0061] (5)麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽及管理: [0061] (5) J.hopeiensis shoots and cuttings management Transplanting:

[0062] 移栽基质由下列体积份数的原料组成:3份田园土、I份腐熟好的农家肥和I份细沙;将生根苗移栽至装满移栽基质的营养钵中,移栽后立即浇透水,放置在拱棚中,并控制拱棚的温度:白天温度为25°C,夜间温度为18°C,空气湿度为70%以上;移栽15天后,脱钵检查,当可以看到伸出的新根时,即可逐渐揭去保湿膜,在太阳散射光下培养,直到能在太阳直射光中持续放置,而叶片不萎蔫,即可移栽到大田,进行常规管理。 [0062] Transplanting matrix volume fraction from the raw material of the following composition: 3 parts garden soil, parts I and I composting manure good parts sand; and transplanting of rooted plants transplanted to pots filled with nutrient matrix, the mobile irrigated immediately after transplanting, placed in a shed, the shed and the control temperature: daytime temperature of 25 ° C, nighttime temperature of 18 ° C, humidity of 70% or more; 15 days after transplanting, check off the bowl, as can be seen extending to the new root, moisture can be gradually peeled film cultured in the sun light scattering, can continue until the light is placed in direct sunlight, while the blades do not wilt, can be transplanted to the field, for general management.

[0063] 具体实施时,所选的嫩枝母树为3年生麻核桃树。 When [0063] In particular embodiments, the selected three-year-old shoots mother trees J.hopeiensis tree. 在麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽时,选用规格为18X25cm的营养钵,首先在营养钵中加入一半的移栽基质,然后将生根苗放在移栽基质上,再继续加入移栽基质,直至移栽基质与营养钵边缘相平。 When J.hopeiensis softwood cutting transplanting seedlings, the choice of nutritional bowl 18X25cm specifications for the first half of the added nutrients bowl transplanting matrix, rooted and then transplanted on a substrate, and then continue to add transplanting medium, and transplanting the matrix nutritional bowl until the edge is flat. 此外,选用的多菌灵为天津百胜化工有限公司生产的,有效成分含量为80%,剂型为可湿性粉剂。 In addition, carbendazim selected Yum Tianjin Chemical Co., Ltd., the active ingredient content of 80%, a wettable powder formulation.

Claims (3)

  1. 1.一种麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法,其特征在于:包括以下步骤: (1)麻核桃嫩枝树上处理: 选择麻核桃树上长20-25cm、生长健壮且半木质化的嫩枝,在其基部环剥宽度为2mm的环剥口,并用激素纸将伤口包裹,所述的激素纸是指将高温灭菌的滤纸在50mg/L的GA3中浸湿即可;在激素纸外再用锡箔纸包裹两层,锡箔纸包裹长度至环剥口以上5cm ;包裹15天后,将所选嫩枝从环剥口处截断,并将嫩枝上环剥口以上IOcm内的复叶去掉,其它部分的复叶保留3片小叶;将处理好的嫩枝用塑料膜包裹保湿并运回拱棚; (2)麻核桃嫩枝拱棚内处理: 首先去掉包裹在嫩枝上的塑料膜并将嫩枝置于流水中冲洗,冲掉枝条及叶片的尘土及其它附着物,接着将嫩枝在800倍多菌灵溶液中浸15分钟,之后取出嫩枝并晾干其上的菌液,所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂;最后将嫩枝基部 A method J.hopeiensis cuttings rooting shoots, characterized by: comprising the steps of: (1) processing tree shoots J.hopeiensis: Select J.hopeiensis tree 20-25cm long, robust growth and tender half lignified branches, at its base to a width of 2mm girdling girdling the mouth, and the wound wrapping paper with a hormone, a hormone paper refers to paper soaked to a high temperature sterilization at 50mg / L in the GA3; paper hormone then foil wrapped outer layers, foil wrapping to length 5cm above girdling port; package 15 days the selected shoots cut off from the mouth girdling, and the fronds in the mouth than IOcm twigs girdling removed, compound leaves other portions retain three leaflets; sends the processed shoots wrapped in plastic film and the return of moisture Shed; (2) shoots the shed J.hopeiensis process: first remove the wrapping in plastic film and twigs the shoots placed flush water to wash away dust and other attachments branches and leaves, the shoots carbendazim then immersed in a solution of 800 times for 15 minutes, and then taken out to dry shoots on which bacteria, the active ingredient is carbendazim content of 80% wettable powder; and finally shoots base 削成锲形,所削斜面在叶柄基部的对面,斜面长2.5cm ; (3)麻核桃嫩枝的扦插: 首先是扦插基质的准备,将过筛干净的河沙在扦插苗床铺厚度为15cm的扦插层,铺好后,用800倍的多菌灵溶液喷透,所述的多菌灵为有效成分含量80%的可湿性粉剂,利用和扦插嫩枝粗度相同的树枝在扦插苗床上按株距15cm、行距15cm、孔深7cm的标准进行插孔; 其次是枝条的扦插,将步骤(2)中经处理的嫩枝基部在5000mg/l的IBA水溶液中浸3秒,并放入已插好孔的扦插基质中,待插满时,用喷壶均匀喷水,弥合所有插孔中的缝隙,将倾斜的嫩枝扶正; (4)麻核桃嫩枝扦插后管理: 控制扦插苗床的温度:白天为23°C _25°`C,夜间为18°C _20°C,空气湿度保持在90%以上;每天早、中、晚各放风一次,每次放风10分钟;扦插25天后,当嫩枝基部发出Icm长的根时,即可逐渐揭膜,减小空气湿度,同时, Wedge shaved, cut bevel across the base of the petiole, ramp length 2.5cm; (3) J.hopeiensis Shoot Cutting: Cutting prepared first substrate, the thickness of sieved sand clean cutting seedlings in beds of 15cm cutting the layer was laid, with a 800-fold solution was sprayed through carbendazim, carbendazim is the active ingredient content of the wettable powder of 80%, using the same thickness and cutting softwood branches on cutting bed by spacing 15cm, spacing 15cm, 7cm depth of the hole standard jack; followed by cutting shoots, the shoots of the base in step (2) were immersed in the treated aqueous 3 seconds IBA 5000mg / l and has been placed cutting plugged pores in the matrix, to be studded, uniform spray watering can, bridging the gap all the jack, the inclination shoots righting; (4) management J.hopeiensis softwood cutting: controlling the temperature of the cutting bed : daytime and 23 ° C _25 ° `C, night to 18 ° C _20 ° C, humidity maintained at 90% or more; day early, middle and late once leaked, leaked every 10 minutes; cuttings 25 days, when the tender when issuing root shoots Icm base length, you can gradually removing film, reduce the air humidity, at the same time, 加强光照,直至完全去掉保护措施;嫩枝生根后每周喷一次营养液,所述的营养液成分组成为DKW培养基中的大量元素组成成分及其固定的浓度;当平均根长达3cm、根数达4根以上时,将生根苗进行移栽; (5)麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽及管理: 移栽基质由下列体积份数的原料组成:3份田园土、I份腐熟好的农家肥和I份细沙;将生根苗移栽至装满移栽基质的营养钵中,移栽后立即浇透水,放置在拱棚中,并控制拱棚的温度:白天温度为23°C _25°C,夜间温度为18°C _20°C,空气湿度为70%以上;移栽15天后,脱钵检查,当可以看到伸出的新根时,即可逐渐揭去保湿膜,在太阳散射光下培养,直到能在太阳直射光中持续放置,而叶片不萎蔫,即可移栽到大田,进行常规管理。 Strengthening illumination, protection until removed completely; rooting shoots after weekly spraying a nutrient solution, the chemical composition of the nutrient solution components and a fixed concentration of a number of elements DKW medium; when the average root up to 3cm, when the number of more than 4, the transplanting rooted; (5) J.hopeiensis shoots and cuttings management transplanting: transplanting matrix volume fraction from the raw material of the following composition: 3 parts garden soil, composting the I parts good manure parts sand and I; and transplanting of rooted plants to transplanting filled matrix nutritional bowl, irrigated immediately after transplanting, placed in a shed, the shed and the control temperature: daytime temperature of 23 ° C _25 ° C, nighttime temperature of 18 ° C _20 ° C, humidity of 70% or more; 15 days after transplanting, check off the bowl, when the new root can be seen projecting, moisture can be gradually peeled film in cultured under the sun light scattering, can continue until placed in direct sun light, and the blades do not wilt, can be transplanted to the field, for general management.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法,其特征在于:所选的麻核桃嫩枝为3年生麻核桃树体上外围生长的半木质化嫩枝。 2. The method of claim 1 Rooting shoots J.hopeiensis claim, wherein: the selected shoots J.hopeiensis 3 year old tree J.hopeiensis periphery of the upper half lignified shoots grow.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的麻核桃嫩枝扦插生根的方法,其特征在于:在麻核桃嫩枝扦插苗的移栽及管理时,首先在18X25cm的营养钵中加入一半的移栽基质,然后将生根苗放在移栽基质上,再继续加入移栽基质,直至移栽基质与营养钵边缘相平。 3. The method of claim 1 or 2 Rooting shoots J.hopeiensis claim, wherein: the management and transplanting seedlings J.hopeiensis softwood cutting, the first half of the added nutrients transplanting bowl 18X25cm matrix, rooted and then transplanted on a substrate, and then transplanting the matrix further added, until transplanting matrix and nutritional bowl edge is flat.
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