CN102913000B - Method for development and utilization of underground space by building moving - Google Patents

Method for development and utilization of underground space by building moving Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102913000B
CN102913000B CN201210405916.6A CN201210405916A CN102913000B CN 102913000 B CN102913000 B CN 102913000B CN 201210405916 A CN201210405916 A CN 201210405916A CN 102913000 B CN102913000 B CN 102913000B
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underground
build
building
displacement
basement
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CN102913000A (en
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张鑫
贾强
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Shandong Jianzhu University
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Shandong Jianzhu University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for development and utilization of underground space by building moving. The method includes: in order to guarantee that moving rails can serve as a member of a new garage, proposing underground structure bearing members, wherein the axes of the underground structure bearing members are dead in line with those of bearing members in the moving direction of a moved building; since bracket girders and the moving rails are frame columns or twin beams and two rails on two sides of walls, proposing the top ends of the underground structure bearing members as corbels overhung towards two sides to support rail beams on two sides above the corbels, and enabling channel beams laid on the rail beams to serve as the moving rails; moving the moved building to an assigned position of a new basement top to enable the moved building to be connected with the new basement; and constructing top plates of the new underground garage and the basement. By the aid of the method, development and utilization of the underground space are completed during movement of the building, so that existing buildings are protected, and land utilization ratio is increased. Besides, the moving rails are utilized as the underground space members, so that construction materials are saved.

Description

Building moving develops the method for the underground space
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building displacement technology, especially a kind of building moving develops the method for the underground space.
Background technology
At present, develop in order, rationally, comprehensively, efficiently existing building Underground Space Resource, become and expand infrastructure capacity, improve Comprehensive Disaster Prevention for Cities ability, improve land utilization efficiency and the most effectively one of the approach economizing the land resource.How New Buildings, according to the requirement of urban planning, has considered the development and utilization of the underground space.But a large amount of existing buildings is because historical reason, lacks perspective and do not design underground parking etc., along with parking difficulty has appearred in the increase of automobile quantity.Therefore be, an arduousness and urgent task to the exploitation of the existing building underground space.
Building moving technology be by existing building integral shift to new address, solved in urban development, remove and retain between contradiction, protected the historical building that has historical relic to be worth.But in shifting process; displacement need to be laid to new address from building former address with track always; in order to ensure that track has enough bearing capacities and non-deformability (rigidity); track is made the strip foundation of width the same as original constructure base and buried depth conventionally; when building moves on to behind position, this track is conventionally understood landfill, is abandoned.If the Soft Soil Layer under displacement track is very thick, in order to ensure the rigidity of track, conventionally Soft Soil Layer is all dug out, just expose construction displacement track after hard soil layer, the engineering quantity of displacement track is huge, abandons and can cause huge waste after displacement.In addition, after displacement, former address need be built new building conventionally, in new building basement building course, needs displacement dismantling of track, cleaning, can increase again extra-pay.
The beam that underpins that building moving adopts adopts both sides to clamp the form of original wall body or frame column more.Therefore, displacement track is also is mostly in the form of the two-rail of original wall body or frame column both sides, has not only taken a large amount of constructional materialss, if be left the structural element of the newly-built underground space, also taken and can utilize space, has reduced space service efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for overcoming above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art; provide a kind of building moving to develop the method for the underground space; the method has completed underground space development utilization in building moving process; both protected existing building; improve again the utilization rate in soil; the double member that does the underground space of track that simultaneously makes to be shifted, has saved constructional materials.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical proposals:
A kind of building moving develops the method for the underground space, from using function, after displacement, the building below underground space is built up the basement of storeroom function more, the underground space of Around Buildings is built up underground garage more, it after basement builds up, is the underground space of the multiple tracks body of wall of strip foundation, and underground garage part is for vehicles while passing, convenient parking, build up beam, the plate of large space, the frame construction of post composition, the displacement orbit construction that is about to displacement building becomes the structure with the underground space; Concrete technical scheme is as follows:
1) for ensureing that displacement track can serve as the member in newly-built garage and use, plan to build underground structure supporting member (plan to build underground garage frame column, plan to build basement wall) axis should with displacement building moving direction on the dead in line of supporting member; Be the displacement frame column of building or the twin beams of body of wall both sides, the form of two-rail owing to underpining beam and displacement track, plan to build the bracket of encorbelmenting in underground structure supporting member (plan to build underground garage frame column, plan to build basement wall) Wei Xiang both sides, top, support the rail beam of the both sides of top, rail beam upper berth channel-section steel is as displacement track;
The Intensity Design of rail beam is except considering the load in building moving process, the load acting on also should be considered as newly-built underground garage back timber time; The rigidity of rail beam should ensure that the deflection deformation of building moving process meets code requirement;
2) in the time planning to build underground structure supporting member (plan to build underground garage frame column, plan to build basement wall) and can not all overlap with the supporting member axis in displacement building moving direction, what axis did not overlap plan to build underground structure supporting member (plan to build underground garage frame column, plan to build basement wall) top builds up single-beam, monorail, and arranges up roller bearing and underpin beam; The frame column of corresponding displacement building or the load of load bearing wall by with the linking beam that underpins beam and be connected, be delivered to and plan to build Underground Garage Pillar top and underpin beam from the beam that underpins of displacement building supporting member both sides; Dead in line plan to build the bracket that underground structure supporting member (plan to build underground garage frame column, plan to build basement wall) is still encorbelmented to both sides according to top, support the method for the rail beam of the both sides of top;
3) displacement building, to the on-station position on newly-built basement top, is connected displacement building with newly-built basement;
4) the construct top board of newly-built underground garage and basement.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, the present invention unites two into one the basement of displacement track and New Buildings, can ensure the safety that displacement is built, and has reduced again construction costs.The present invention has completed underground space development utilization in displacement building process, has both protected existing building, has improved again the utilization rate in soil, and the double member that does the underground space of track that simultaneously makes to be shifted, has saved constructional materials.Encorbelment and reduced compared with the design of two-rail and the scheme of initial two-rail the taking of the underground space in single post capital both sides, economic and social benefit is outstanding.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the plan view of planning to build basement and underground garage;
Fig. 2 is the elevation of planning to build basement, underground garage and displacement building;
When Fig. 3 is displacement track and Underground Garage Pillar dead in line, garage post and displacement architectural section;
When Fig. 4 is displacement track and Underground Garage Pillar dead in line, underpin the layout plan of beam and linking beam;
Fig. 5 is transposition of partial track and underground garage mast axis while not overlapping, garage post and displacement architectural section;
Fig. 6 is transposition of partial track and underground garage mast axis while not overlapping, underpins the layout plan of beam and linking beam;
Wherein 1---plan to build underground garage frame column; 2---plan to build basement wall; 3---the bracket of the support chosen from post displacement track; 4---displacement track; 5---underpin beam; 6---roller bearing; 7---the frame column (or load bearing wall) of displacement building; 8---linking beam, what 9. axis did not overlap plans to build underground structure.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1:
As Figure 1-Figure 4, building moving develops the method for the underground space, from using function, after displacement, the building below underground space is built up the basement of storeroom function more, the underground space of Around Buildings is built up underground garage more, it after storeroom builds up, is the underground space of the multiple tracks body of wall of strip foundation, and underground garage part is for vehicles while passing, convenient parking, build up beam, the plate of large space, the frame construction of post composition, the displacement orbit construction that is about to displacement building becomes the structure with the underground space; Concrete technical scheme is as follows:
1) be the member use that guarantee displacement track can be served as newly-built garage, plan to build underground structure supporting member (plan to build underground garage frame column 1, plan to build basement wall 2) axis and the dead in line of the supporting member 7 in building moving direction that is shifted; Owing to underpining beam 5 and displacement track 4 for planning to build underground structure supporting member (plan to build underground garage frame column 1, the plan to build basement wall 2) twin beams of both sides, the form of two-rail, plan to build the encorbelment bracket 3 of (choose from post support displacement track) of underground structure supporting member (plan to build underground garage frame column 1, plan to build basement wall 2) Wei Xiang both sides, top, support the rail beam of the both sides of top, rail beam upper berth channel-section steel is as displacement track 4;
The Intensity Design of rail beam is except considering the load in building moving process, the load acting on also should be considered as newly-built underground garage back timber time; The rigidity of rail beam should ensure that the deflection deformation of building moving process meets code requirement;
2) displacement building, to the on-station position on newly-built basement top, is connected displacement building with newly-built basement;
3) the construct top board of newly-built underground garage and basement.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Fig. 1,2,5,6, building moving develops the method for the underground space, from using function, after displacement, the building below underground space is built up the basement of storeroom function more, the underground space of Around Buildings is built up underground garage more, it after basement builds up, is the underground space of the multiple tracks body of wall of strip foundation, and underground garage part is for vehicles while passing, convenient parking, build up beam, the plate of large space, the frame construction of post composition, the displacement orbit construction that is about to displacement building becomes the structure with the underground space; Concrete technical scheme is as follows:
1) in the time planning to build underground structure supporting member (plan to build underground garage frame column 1, plan to build basement wall 2) and can not all overlap with the axis of the supporting member 7 in displacement building moving direction, what axis did not overlap plan to build underground structure 9 supporting members (plan to build underground garage frame column 1, plan to build basement wall 2) top builds up single-beam, monorail, and arranges up roller bearing 7 and underpin beam 5; The load of the frame column of corresponding displacement building or load bearing wall 7 by with the linking beam 8 that underpins beam 5 and be connected, the beam 5 that underpins that holds thing reconstruct part both sides from displacement building is delivered to and plans to build Underground Garage Pillar top and underpin beam;
2) displacement building is to the on-station position on newly-built basement top, and displacement building is connected with newly-built basement.
3) the construct top board of newly-built underground garage and basement.
By reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the present invention is described although above-mentioned; but not limiting the scope of the invention; one of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that; on the basis of technical scheme of the present invention, those skilled in the art do not need to pay various amendments that creative work can make or distortion still in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the method for a building moving exploitation underground space, it is characterized in that, from using function, after displacement, the building below underground space is built up the basement of storeroom function, the underground space of Around Buildings is built up underground garage more, it after basement builds up, is the underground space of the multiple tracks body of wall of strip foundation, and underground garage part is for vehicles while passing, convenient parking, build up beam, the plate of large space, the frame construction of post composition, the displacement orbit construction that is about to displacement building becomes the structure with the underground space; Concrete technical scheme is as follows:
1) for ensureing that displacement track can serve as the member in newly-built garage and use, plan to build underground structure supporting member plan to build underground garage frame column and plan to build basement wall axis should with displacement building moving direction on the dead in line of supporting member; Be the frame column of displacement building or the twin beams of body of wall both sides, the form of two-rail owing to underpining beam and displacement track, planning to build underground structure supporting member plans to build underground garage frame column and plans to build the bracket of encorbelmenting in Wei Xiang both sides, basement wall top, support the rail beam of the both sides of top, rail beam upper berth channel-section steel is as displacement track;
The rigidity of rail beam should ensure that the deflection deformation of building moving process meets code requirement;
2) plan to build underground garage frame column and plan to build basement wall and displacement when building supporting member axis in direction of displacement and can not all overlapping when planning to build underground structure supporting member, what axis did not overlap plan to build, and underground structure supporting member plan to build underground garage frame column, plan to build basement wall top builds up single-beam, monorail, and arranges up roller bearing and underpin beam; The frame column of corresponding displacement building or the load of load bearing wall by with the linking beam that underpins beam and be connected, be delivered to and plan to build underground garage frame column top and underpin beam from the beam that underpins of displacement building supporting member both sides; The underground structure supporting member of planning to build of dead in line is planned to build underground garage frame column, is planned to build the bracket that basement wall is still encorbelmented to both sides according to top, supports the method for the rail beam of the both sides of top;
3) displacement building, to the on-station position on newly-built basement top, is connected displacement building with newly-built basement;
4) the construct top board of newly-built underground garage and basement.
CN201210405916.6A 2012-10-23 2012-10-23 Method for development and utilization of underground space by building moving Active CN102913000B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103437566B (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-06-17 山东建筑大学 Supporting steel pipe device of underground added layer of existing building and installing method of supporting steel pipe device
CN103912134B (en) * 2014-03-21 2016-09-14 上海建工四建集团有限公司 Existing building underground space structure and construction method in situ
CN105888292B (en) * 2014-05-10 2017-12-12 河南省建设集团有限公司 Frame structure building is without underpining integral translating method
CN105625747B (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-06-01 上海建工一建集团有限公司 The construction method that basement is removed in reconstruction project
RU2628357C1 (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-08-16 Игорь Васильевич Беккерев Method of structure movement
CN111075224A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-04-28 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 Method for creating construction site for developing underground space under existing building group

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CN102127974A (en) * 2011-04-18 2011-07-20 上海现代建筑设计(集团)有限公司 Design and construction method of additional cellar under existing building
CN201981552U (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-09-21 江苏新筑预应力工程有限公司 Underground garage structure system with large-span prestressed reinforced concrete frame
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CA1242064A1 (en) *
JPH084034A (en) * 1994-06-24 1996-01-09 Komatsu Ltd Basement skeleton building construction in inverted construction work of building
CN2402764Y (en) * 1999-01-23 2000-10-25 李海森 Building or structure integral moving device
JP2000291030A (en) * 1999-04-13 2000-10-17 Kajima Corp Construction method for underground structure
JP2001262595A (en) * 2000-03-22 2001-09-26 Kajima Corp Building construction method of underground building frame
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