CN102912754A - Reverse blowing and dust collecting device of sweeper - Google Patents

Reverse blowing and dust collecting device of sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102912754A
CN102912754A CN2012104379427A CN201210437942A CN102912754A CN 102912754 A CN102912754 A CN 102912754A CN 2012104379427 A CN2012104379427 A CN 2012104379427A CN 201210437942 A CN201210437942 A CN 201210437942A CN 102912754 A CN102912754 A CN 102912754A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sweeper
road
exhaust apparatus
dust exhaust
suction
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012104379427A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱擎天
严明
王富春
黄卫国
李燕
廖向辉
韦玮
姚鑫杰
梁其凯
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd filed Critical Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012104379427A priority Critical patent/CN102912754A/en
Publication of CN102912754A publication Critical patent/CN102912754A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a reverse blowing and dust collecting device of a sweeper; the reverse blowing and dust collecting device comprises a suction cavity, a suction pipe, a reverse blowing opening, a partition board, a reverse blowing cavity and a reverse blowing pipe, wherein the suction cavity and the reverse blowing cavity are partitioned by using the partition board; the reverse blowing and dust collecting device is characterized in that the partition board is a V-shaped structure; the opening of the V-shaped structure faces an advancing direction of the sweeper, so that the suction cavity forms the V-shaped structure; the suction cavity is only provided with one suction pipe; the reverse blowing cavity is also provided with the reverse blowing pipe; and the suction pipe and the reverse blowing pipe are respectively mounted on the internal and external sides of the partition board on the bottom surface of the dust collecting device in the advancing direction of the sweeper. The reverse blowing and dust collecting device of the sweeper, disclosed by the invention, has the advantages of simple structure, high sweeping efficiency, environment friendliness, energy conservation, low cost and so on.

Description

Road-sweeper back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus
Technical field
The invention belongs to the sanitation equipment technical field, particularly relate to a kind of back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus for the suction refuse cleaning vehicle.
Background technology
In recent years, China's rapid economic development, the Process of Urbanization Construction Development Process is rapid.Along with the increasingly attention of governments at all levels to environmental protection cause, so that road-sweeper is more and more general in the application that each metropolis obtains.The dust-absorption sweeping type road-sweeper is to use the most general a kind of road-sweeper vehicle, and this road-sweeper is equipped with two or more brushes usually.Brush quantity is many, and cleaning range is large, and refuse collection is effective, but has also increased the consumption of brush wearing and tearing simultaneously.For only disposing two sweeping machines more than the brush, the width of whole clearing apparatus is larger, for refuse collection is arrived in the suction inlet scope, need to be equipped with back-blowing device.The clearing apparatus that common this width is larger adopts the double suction mouth of diagonal angle line style, the symmetrical structure of two back blow ports mostly.Be that blowing mouth is arranged on the diagonal of chassis, both sides before and after suction inlet and back blow port are separately positioned on (suction inlet is preposition, and back blow port is rearmounted).This kind structure has certain limitation: diagonal structure reduces the airborne dust region area, cause volume, heavy rubbish to be not easy to arrive intake, in addition, the quantity of inhaling mouthpiece when this structure reaches two when above, can cause equally the refuse collection dynamics not and suction inlet has the defectives such as remaining rubbish.The inventor finds that in actual applications for various reasons, the distribution of road garbage is not uniform, and often concentrate on the both sides of road, being arranged symmetrically with of two suction inlets certainly will be caused place suction inlet vacuum force waste, and the situation of another place's suction inlet vacuum force relative deficiency.If improve simultaneously the pull of vacuum of two place's suction inlets, certainly will increase the power stage of motor.Therefore, how the back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus in this type of road-sweeper clearing apparatus of appropriate design is the key of this car, reduces the brush of dust-absorption sweeping type road-sweeper and consumes, reduces the motor power consumption and improve the problems such as sweeping efficiency and have great importance solving.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the deficiency of prior art, a kind of back blow port of back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus is provided, suction chamber and the refuse cleaning vehicle back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus that the blowback chamber is reasonable in design, simple in structure, sweeping efficiency is high.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
Road-sweeper back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus, comprise suction chamber, suction tube, back blow port, dividing plate, blowback chamber and anti-blowpipe, described suction chamber and blowback chamber are two cavitys by baffle for separating, be characterized in: described dividing plate is " V " font structure, and the direction that " V " font structure opening advances to road-sweeper, so that suction chamber forms " V " font structure, described suction chamber only arranges a suction tube; Described blowback chamber also is that an anti-blowpipe is set, suction tube and anti-blowpipe are installed in the inside and outside both sides of dividing plate of the road-sweeper direction of advance of dust exhaust apparatus bottom surface, described suction nozzle is arranged on the interior corner of " V " font suction chamber, be provided with several back blow ports in " V " font dividing plate two side, the back blow port ground proximity also forms wedge-like opening.
A long limit of the above dividing plate extends to one jiao of the front end of dust exhaust apparatus bottom surface from corner, and another minor face extends to the middle side edge at another angle of front end, dust exhaust apparatus bottom surface from corner, and suction chamber forms " V " font structure that one is long and the other is short.
The above suction tube is to road-sweeper direction of advance reverse inclination, and anti-blowpipe tilts to the road-sweeper direction of advance.
The above rear portion, blowback chamber is circular shape.
Each periphery of the above dust exhaust apparatus is equipped with the rubber tile of elastic wear-resisting.
The above several back blow port is 2~10.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1. simple in structure, sweeping efficiency is high.Suction chamber of the present invention adopts " V " type structure, effectively increase the airborne dust region area, make refuse sweeping more thorough, clean, because suction nozzle is arranged on the interior corner of " V " font suction chamber, dividing plate two side, chamber certain angle that turns forward, a plurality of back blow port ground proximitys of device also form the wedge shape mouthpiece, and the pavement garbage that the wind that assurance blows out is kicked up can as much as possible near intake, make suction inlet absorb more rubbish in shorter time.
2. environmental protection and energy saving, cost is low.Because the distribution of road garbage is not uniform, and often concentrate on the both sides of road, so, the design of single suction mouth of the present invention can better adapt to the cleaning of this kind pavement behavior, and compare with the double suction mouth, when reducing power of fan, guaranteed that also intake keeps larger vacuum suction degree, safety and environmental protection has effectively reduced the energy consumption of engine power.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the simplified schematic diagram of structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the sectional structure simplified schematic diagram of figure l.
Fig. 3 is the simplified schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention 1 structure.
Fig. 4 is the simplified schematic diagram of looking up structure of Fig. 3.
Component title and sequence number among the figure:
Suction chamber 1, suction tube 2, back blow port 3, dividing plate 4, blowback chamber 5, anti-blowpipe 6.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is described in further detail.
Shown in attached Fig. 1 and 2, a kind of road-sweeper back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus, comprise suction chamber 1, suction tube 2, back blow port 3, dividing plate 4, blowback chamber 5 and anti-blowpipe 6, described suction chamber 1 and blowback chamber 5 are divided into two cavitys by dividing plate 4, described dividing plate 4 is " V " font structures, a long limit of dividing plate 4 extends to one jiao of dust exhaust apparatus bottom surface front end from corner, another minor face extends to the middle side edge at another angle of front end, dust exhaust apparatus bottom surface from corner, and suction chamber 1 forms " V " font structure that one is long and the other is short.And the direction that " V " font structure opening advances to road-sweeper, so that suction chamber 1 forms " V " font structure, described suction chamber 1 only arranges a suction tube 2; Described blowback chamber 5 also is that an anti-blowpipe 6 is set, suction tube 2 and anti-blowpipe 6 are installed in the inside and outside both sides of dividing plate 4 of the sweeping machine direction of advance of dust exhaust apparatus bottom surface, 2 mouthfuls of interior corners that are arranged on " V " font suction chamber 1 of described suction tube, be provided with several back blow ports 3 in " V " font dividing plate 4 two sides, back blow port 3 ground proximitys also form wedge-like opening; Described suction tube 2 is to road-sweeper direction of advance reverse inclination, and anti-blowpipe 6 tilts to the road-sweeper direction of advance; 5 rear portions, described blowback chamber are circular shape.The periphery of back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus all is equipped with the elastic wear-resisting rubber tile.
Operating principle:
During road-sweeper work, suction tube 2 sucks disposal box with rubbish, behind the circulation depositing dust, wind blows out from anti-blowpipe 6, back blow port 3 through 5 front portions, blowback chamber blows to ground, the pavement garbage of kicking up, at this moment, enter disposal box from suction tube 2 under the effect of rubbish corner's suction tube 2 suction in " V " of suction chamber 1 font, finish the collection of rubbish, because suction chamber 1 is designed to " V " shape structure, the suction areas area is increased, and suction tube 2 is to road-sweeper direction of advance reverse inclination, anti-blowpipe 6 tilts to the road-sweeper direction of advance, because the rear portion in blowback chamber 5 is circular shape, greatly reduced windage simultaneously.Guaranteed that fully the wind energy that blows out kicks up pavement garbage as much as possible near intake, made suction inlet in shorter time, absorb more rubbish, thereby make refuse sweeping more thorough, cleaner.
Embodiment 1:
Nanning environmental sanitation place Xixiangtang District at the beginning of 2012 6 months, adopts this road-sweeper back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus to be installed on the power road-sweeper, referring to Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4.Through trying out of 3 wheat harvesting periods, react according to the environmental sanitation worker, owing to rubbish is sucked the mode of suction chamber 1 by the back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus, this power road-sweeper is small and exquisite, seldom stays the cleaning dead angle, and sweeping efficiency is high, the road surface cleaning of cleaning is clean, the workman is time saving and energy saving, is the rare measured road-sweeper of matter, is easy to widely popularize.
Certainly, above-mentioned explanation is not to be limitation of the present invention, and this explanation also is not limited to above-mentioned giving an example; those skilled in the art; in the essential scope of this explanation, the variation of making, remodeling, interpolation or replacement all should belong to the protection domain of this explanation.

Claims (6)

1. road-sweeper back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus, the anti-blowpipe (6) that comprises suction chamber (1), suction tube (2), back blow port (3), dividing plate (4), blowback chamber (5), described suction chamber (1) and blowback chamber (5) are divided into two cavitys by dividing plate (4), it is characterized in that: described dividing plate (4) is " V " font structure, and the direction that " V " font structure opening advances to road-sweeper, so that suction chamber (1) forms " V " font structure, described suction chamber (1) only arranges a suction tube (2); Described blowback chamber (5) also is that an anti-blowpipe (6) is set, suction tube (2) and anti-blowpipe (6) are installed in respectively the inside and outside both sides of dividing plate (4) of the road-sweeper direction of advance of dust exhaust apparatus bottom surface, described suction tube (2) mouth is arranged on the interior corner of " V " font suction chamber (1), be provided with several back blow ports (3) in " V " font dividing plate (4) two side, back blow port (3) ground proximity also forms wedge-like opening.
2. road-sweeper back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: a long limit of described dividing plate (4) extends to one jiao of the front end of dust exhaust apparatus bottom surface from corner, another minor face extends to the middle side edge at another angle of front end, dust exhaust apparatus bottom surface from corner, and suction chamber (1) forms " V " font structure that one is long and the other is short.
3. according to the described road-sweeper car of claim l dust exhaust apparatus, it is characterized in that: suction tube (2) is to road-sweeper direction of advance reverse inclination, and anti-blowpipe (6) tilts to the road-sweeper direction of advance.
4. according to the described road-sweeper back-blowing of claim l dust exhaust apparatus, it is characterized in that: rear portion, blowback chamber (5) is circular shape.
5. road-sweeper back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: each periphery of described dust exhaust apparatus is equipped with the rubber tile of elastic wear-resisting.
6. road-sweeper back-blowing dust exhaust apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described several back blow ports (3) are 2~10.
CN2012104379427A 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Reverse blowing and dust collecting device of sweeper Pending CN102912754A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104379427A CN102912754A (en) 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Reverse blowing and dust collecting device of sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104379427A CN102912754A (en) 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Reverse blowing and dust collecting device of sweeper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102912754A true CN102912754A (en) 2013-02-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
CN (1) CN102912754A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103485299A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-01 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Dust collector for road sweepers
CN103696386A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-02 合肥华信电动科技发展有限公司 Automatic cleaning and dedusting system based on electric sweeping vehicle
CN105568917A (en) * 2014-11-07 2016-05-11 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Cleaning vehicle suction nozzle and cleaning vehicle

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0449542A2 (en) * 1990-03-26 1991-10-02 Robin Hamilton Waste collection
JP2004324253A (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-11-18 Howa Mach Ltd Road sweeper-mounted recovery unit for dust and the like
CN1800500A (en) * 2005-12-30 2006-07-12 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Absorption nozzle for road cleaning
CA2505049A1 (en) * 2005-04-22 2006-10-22 Nuhn Industries Ltd. Mobile vacuum apparatus for collection of liquid or semi-liquid materials
CN200961247Y (en) * 2006-10-17 2007-10-17 青特集团有限公司 Cleaning device of road-sweeping machine
CN201206241Y (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-03-11 青特集团有限公司 Dusting device for absorption type road sweeper
CN201581369U (en) * 2009-11-11 2010-09-15 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Counter blow type suction of sweeping machine
CN201704661U (en) * 2010-05-21 2011-01-12 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Suction disc device of washing sweeping car
CN202954334U (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-05-29 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Sweeper reversed blowing dust absorption device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0449542A2 (en) * 1990-03-26 1991-10-02 Robin Hamilton Waste collection
JP2004324253A (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-11-18 Howa Mach Ltd Road sweeper-mounted recovery unit for dust and the like
CA2505049A1 (en) * 2005-04-22 2006-10-22 Nuhn Industries Ltd. Mobile vacuum apparatus for collection of liquid or semi-liquid materials
CN1800500A (en) * 2005-12-30 2006-07-12 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Absorption nozzle for road cleaning
CN200961247Y (en) * 2006-10-17 2007-10-17 青特集团有限公司 Cleaning device of road-sweeping machine
CN201206241Y (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-03-11 青特集团有限公司 Dusting device for absorption type road sweeper
CN201581369U (en) * 2009-11-11 2010-09-15 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Counter blow type suction of sweeping machine
CN201704661U (en) * 2010-05-21 2011-01-12 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Suction disc device of washing sweeping car
CN202954334U (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-05-29 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Sweeper reversed blowing dust absorption device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103485299A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-01 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Dust collector for road sweepers
CN103485299B (en) * 2013-09-22 2018-04-03 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Road sweeper dust exhaust apparatus
CN103696386A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-02 合肥华信电动科技发展有限公司 Automatic cleaning and dedusting system based on electric sweeping vehicle
CN105568917A (en) * 2014-11-07 2016-05-11 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Cleaning vehicle suction nozzle and cleaning vehicle
CN105568917B (en) * 2014-11-07 2017-10-03 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Clean car suction nozzle and cleaning car

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Application publication date: 20130206