CN102905910A - Security element and production method therefor - Google Patents

Security element and production method therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102905910A
CN102905910A CN2011800258234A CN201180025823A CN102905910A CN 102905910 A CN102905910 A CN 102905910A CN 2011800258234 A CN2011800258234 A CN 2011800258234A CN 201180025823 A CN201180025823 A CN 201180025823A CN 102905910 A CN102905910 A CN 102905910A
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China
Prior art keywords
optical
structure
optical structure
security element
element
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CN2011800258234A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102905910B (en
Inventor
A.劳赫
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德国捷德有限公司
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Priority to DE102010012495A priority Critical patent/DE102010012495A1/en
Priority to DE102010012495.8 priority
Application filed by 德国捷德有限公司 filed Critical 德国捷德有限公司
Priority to PCT/EP2011/001329 priority patent/WO2011116903A1/en
Publication of CN102905910A publication Critical patent/CN102905910A/en
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Publication of CN102905910B publication Critical patent/CN102905910B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/351Translucent or partly translucent parts, e.g. windows
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/328Diffraction gratings; Holograms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/342Moiré effects
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/355Security threads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D2033/00Structure or construction of identity, credit, cheque or like information-bearing cards
    • B42D2033/06Translucent material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D2035/00Nature or shape of the markings provided on identity, credit, cheque or like information-bearing cards
    • B42D2035/34Markings visible under particular conditions or containing coded information
    • B42D2035/36Markings visible under particular conditions or containing coded information visible in transmitted light, e.g. in a window region

Abstract

In a security element for security papers, documents of value or the like, having a carrier (7) which has a front side (2) and a rear side (5), a lamination (13a, 12a) which is applied to the carrier (7), and an optical structure (8) which comprises an upper side (15), an underside (14) and an optical element (9), and produces a motif (3) which can be perceived visually from the upper side (15), it is provided that the carrier (7) has at least one window (4), the optical structure (9) is laid with its upper side (15) on the rear side (5) of the carrier (7) over the window (4), with the result that the motif (3) can be perceived visually through the window (4) from the front side (2), and the lamination (13a, 12a) is attached on the rear side (5) and covers the underside (14) of the optical structure (8).

Description

安全元件及其生产方法 Security element and production method thereof

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种用于保险纸(security paper :防伪纸)、重要文档或其他类似物的安全元件,其包括具有正面和背面的载体、应用于该载体的层叠结构、包括上侧、下侧和光学元件的光学结构,所述光学结构产生从上侧可视觉地感知的图形(motif)。 [0001] The present invention relates to a sheet for safety (security paper: security paper), important documents, or other like security element, which comprises a support having a front and back, is applied to the laminated structure of the carrier, including the upper , and the lower side of the optical structure of the optical element, the optical structure may be generated from the upper side of the visually perceptible pattern (motif).

[0002] 本发明进一步涉及一种具有安全元件的重要文档。 [0002] The present invention further relates to an important document having a security element.

[0003] 本发明还进一步地涉及一种用于保险纸、重要文档及类似物的安全元件的制造方法,其中提供了具有正面和背面的载体,并提供了光学结构,所述光学结构由上侧、下侧和光学元件组成,并产生可从上侧可视觉地感知的特征,层叠结构应用于所述载体。 [0003] The present invention further relates to a method for manufacturing a security element of safety paper for important documents, and the like, wherein a carrier having a front and back, and to provide an optical structure, said optical structure of the upper, lower and the optical elements, and can produce visually perceptible from the side of the feature, the laminated structure is applied to the carrier. 背景技术 Background technique

[0004] 需要保护的物品通常装有安全元件,其使该物体真实性的验证得以实现,同时起到使其区别于未经授权的复制品的保护作用。 [0004] The article to be protected is usually equipped with safety elements, which enable to verify the authenticity of the object is achieved, while the protective effects to distinguish it from unauthorized copies.

[0005] 要保护的物体是(例如)保险纸、身份证件和重要文档(例如钞票、芯片卡、护照、身份证件、身份证、股票、债券、契据、凭单账单、入场票、信用卡、医疗卡……)以及产品保护元件,例如标签、密封条、包装。 [0005] is an object to be protected (for example) the insurance papers, identification and important documents (such as bank notes, chip cards, passports, identity documents, identity cards, stocks, bonds, deeds, vouchers bill, admission tickets, credit cards, medical ...... cards) as well as product protection elements, such as labels, seals, packaging.

[0006] 当安全元件显示可感知的图形时,安全元件的防伪(falsification)安全尤为有效,其中所述图形由光学效果(其不能由被复制的图形再现)产生。 [0006] When the security element perceptible graphic display, counterfeit security element (falsification) is particularly effective safe, wherein said pattern is produced by an optical effect (which can not be reproduced by the graphics copied).

[0007] 其上放置有微透镜的微观结构元件的组合(其以放大的形式在微结构元件上成像)已被证明是特别地防伪的。 [0007] The microstructure element is placed with a combination of microlenses thereon (which form an enlarged image on the microstructured element) has proven to be particularly forgery. 这里可使用所谓的莫尔效应。 Here you can use the so-called moire effects. 这种安全元件因此也被称为“模块映射”或“波纹放大镜”。 This security element is also known as "mapping module" or "corrugated magnifier." 在WO 2008/031170A1中可找到这种安全元件的示例性描述,根据上述文件,微透镜和微结构利用装饰漆(embossable lacquer)生产。 This exemplary description can be found in the security element in WO 2008 / 031170A1 in accordance with said document, using microlenses and the microstructured decorative paint (embossable lacquer) production. 这种光学结构不能利用传统的复制程序再现,因为光学图像是以依赖观察角度的形式特别设计的。 This optical configuration can not be reproduced by conventional copying program, since the optical image is dependent on the angle of observation in the form of specially designed. 例如,已知的正交视差(orthoparallactic)效果。 For example, it is known orthoparallactic (orthoparallactic) effect.

[0008] 然而,为了防伪安全(falsification security),光学成像是必须的,因此需要光学元件,其形式为(例如)所述的微透镜。 [0008] However, for security against counterfeiting (falsification security), optical imaging is necessary, thus requiring an optical element in the form of microlenses (e.g.) above. 它们的成像效果通常需要光学元件(例如微透镜)具有不平坦的表面。 They typically require the imaging optical element (e.g., a microlens) having an uneven surface. 因此,光学结构的正面通常是不平的。 Thus, the surface of the optical structure is generally uneven. 通过模塑(mold)表面不能排除不希望的光学元件复制品。 By molding (Mold) surface can not be excluded undesirable optical element replica.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 因此,本发明的目标是,以提高防伪安全的方式,进一步发展所述类型的安全元件。 [0009] Accordingly, the object of the present invention is to improve security in a secure manner, the further development of the type of security element.

[0010] 该目标由用于保险纸、重要文档或类似物的安全元件来实现,所述安全元件具有载体(其具有正面和背面)、应用到该载体的层叠结构和光学结构,该光学结构包括光学元件、具有下侧和上侧、且产生可从上侧视觉地感知的图形,其中所述载体具有至少一个窗口,在载体的背面上所述光学结构被置于窗口之上,其中所述光学结构设置为其上侧面对着正面,从而可穿过窗口从正面视觉地感知所述图形,所述层叠结构附接至背面,在光学结构的下侧上遮盖光学结构。 [0010] This object is achieved by the insured for a paper, important documents or the like security element, the security element has a carrier (having front and back), and the laminated structure is applied to an optical structure of the carrier, the optical structure includes an optical element having an upper side and a lower side, and produce perceptible visually from the upper side pattern, wherein the carrier has at least one window on the back surface of the support structure is placed over the optical window, wherein said optical structure is provided on its side facing the front side, through the window so as to be visually perceived from the front of the pattern, the laminated structure is attached to the back of the covering on the lower side of the optical structure of the optical structure.

[0011] 该目标进一步由具有这种安全元件的重要文档实现。 [0011] The important objective is further achieved by a document having such a security element.

[0012] 该目标还由用于安全元件(其用于保险纸、重要文档或类似物)的制造方法实现,该方法中提供了具有正面和背面的载体,提供了包括微结构和光学元件并具有上侧和下侧的光学结构,该光学结构产生从上侧视觉地感知的图形,层叠结构应用至所述载体,其中所提供的载体具有至少一个窗口或装有至少一个窗口,在载体的背面上光学结构被置于在窗口之上,其中光学结构设置为其上侧面对着正面,从而图形可从正面穿过窗口视觉地感知,层叠结构附接至载体的背面,在光学结构的下侧遮盖光学结构。 [0012] The object is also achieved by a method for manufacturing a security element (for safety paper, important documents or the like), which is provided with front and rear carrier is provided and an optical element comprising a microstructure and the optical structure having an upper side and a lower side, the optical structure is generated from the upper side of the application visually perceptible pattern, a laminated structure to the carrier, wherein the carrier is provided with at least one window or with at least one window in the carrier the optical structure on the backside of the window is placed on top, wherein the optical structure is provided on its side facing the front side, through the window so that the graphics can be visually perceived from the front, the back of the laminated structure is attached to the support, in the optical structure covering the side of the optical structure.

[0013] 在本发明的下述描述和本发明的上述定义中,载体和光学结构的不同侧和面用不同的术语区别开。 [0013] In the following description of the invention is defined and the present invention, and the different sides of the carrier and the surface of the optical structure apart distinction in different terms. 载体具有正面和背面,光学结构具有上侧和下侧。 A carrier having a front and back, an optical structure having upper and lower sides. 术语的选择有助于载体和光学结构的表面之间的术语上的区别,而并不代表任何技术上的限制。 Selecting terms contribute term difference between the carrier surface and the optical structure, and do not represent any technical limitations.

[0014] 因而,本发明提供了产生防伪图形的光学结构,所述图形应用于安全元件的背面,其方式为,当从安全元件的正面观察时,可穿过安全元件中的窗口观察到其上侧并从而观察到光学结构所产生的图形。 [0014] Accordingly, the present invention provides a structure of an optical security pattern is generated, the pattern is applied to the back of the security element in such a manner that, when viewed from the front of the security element, the security element may be passed through a window observed to and whereby the upper pattern is observed resulting optical structure. 同时,层叠结构从载体的背面覆盖光学元件。 At the same time, covering the optical element stacked structure from the rear surface of the support. 该结构使光学元件嵌入在安全元件中,安全元件例如包括波纹放大器或模块映射器(modulo mapper)或其他光学效果结构。 This structure allows the optical elements are embedded in the security element, the security element comprises, for example, an amplifier or a corrugated mapper module (modulo mapper) or other optical effect structures. 光学结构的下侧是被覆盖的,由此使得例如通过模制进行的未授权复制更加困难。 The lower side of the optical structure is covered by, for example, thereby making it more difficult for unauthorized copying by molding. 从而光学结构的下侧被进一步保护其不受机械影响和化学影响。 So that the lower side of the optical structure is further protected from mechanical impact and chemical influences.

[0015] 同样的情况适用于光学结构的上侧。 [0015] to the upper side of the optical configuration of the same situation. 所述结构置于窗口内,从而只有克服很大困难才能同样地被模制。 The structure was placed in the window, so that only the very difficult to overcome in order to be molded in the same manner. 同时,保护其不受尘土等的影响,这在设置于上侧并空间地投射(例如在微透镜元件中)的光学元件中是尤其有利的。 At the same time, protect it from dust or the like, which is provided on the side of the projection and spatially (e.g., microlenses element) of the optical element is particularly advantageous.

[0016] 所述光学结构在其上侧具有光学元件。 [0016] The optical element having an optical structure on its upper side. 这些光学元件可特别优选地是与微观结构相互作用的微透镜阵列,从上侧观察,其设置下方。 These optical elements may be particularly preferred that the microlens array to interact with the microstructure, as viewed from the side, which is provided below. 以此方式,W02009/000528中的已知的波纹放大器或模型映射元件可在光学结构中实施。 In this manner, in W02009 / 000528, or a known corrugated amplifier model map elements may be implemented in the optical structure. 根据经验,这种元件是特别防伪的。 According to experience, this element is particularly forgery. 然而,光学结构的光学元件也可以例如是菲涅尔结构或全息图。 However, the optical structure of the optical element may be, for example, a hologram or a Fresnel structure. 关于3D结构,可以特别地使用DE 102009056934中公开的结构。 About the 3D structure, the structure can be used in particular as disclosed in DE 102009056934. 在本文中包含所提到的两个文档公开的全部内容。 It contains the entire contents of the two documents mentioned disclosed herein.

[0017] 为了提高防伪安全性,可以以涂色或使其带颜色的方式穿过层叠结构将微结构配置为嵌在光学结构的下侧。 [0017] In order to improve security against counterfeiting, pass through the laminated structure may be painted or colored so that the embodiment is configured to microstructures embedded in the side of the optical structure. 这可通过如WO 2005/052650中所述的墨水填充、如DE 102006029852中所述的微凹版印刷(microgravureprinting),或通过填充纳米粒子(nanoparticle)或纳米结构(nanostructure)来制造。 This may be by filling in the WO 2005/052650 such as ink, as described in DE 102006029852 said micro gravure (microgravureprinting), or be produced by filling nanoparticles (nanoparticle) or the nanostructure (nanostructure). 本文描述的文献以其全部内容包含在本说明书中。 Document in its entirety herein described included in the present specification. 还可以为微结构提供透明或半透明的金属化部分(metallization)或依赖于观察角度影响颜色性质的层系统(即颜色变迁)。 Microstructure can also provide a transparent or semi-transparent metallization (metallizations) dependent on the viewing angle or affect the color properties of the layer system (i.e., changes the color). 还可以将漆系统嵌入微观结构,所述漆系统具有微观结构与该嵌入物之间的至少0. 3的折射率差。 Paint system may also be embedded in the microstructure, the paint system has a refractive index between the microstructure and the inserts of at least 0.3 difference.

[0018] 光学结构可特别优选地以分别制造的条带的形式提供,条带随后应用于载体。 [0018] The optical structure may particularly preferably be provided in the form of strips are produced, then applied to a carrier strip. 为了进一步的防伪安全,有利的是,除了光学结构以外,在条带内其他位置进一步提供安全元件,例如附加的全息图。 For further security against forgery, it is advantageous that, in addition to the optical structure, the security element is further provided in the other strip position, for example, an additional hologram. 从而所述全息图仅可从背面观察到,因为其不位于窗口上。 Such that the hologram can be observed only from the rear surface to, because it is not located on the window.

[0019] 当然,当在载体内相应地配置了几个匹配窗口时,也可以使用具有几个光学结构的这种条带。 [0019] Of course, when disposed in the carrier correspondingly several matching window, this strip may be used having several optical structures.

[0020] 由于可以提供均匀吸墨层,所以根据本发明的载体背面上的光学结构的覆盖物具有进一步的优势为,即这种条带容易被印刷。 [0020] Since the ink-receiving layer can provide a uniform, so has the further advantage that such strip be printed easily according to the covering of the optical structure on the backside of the support according to the present invention. [0021] 安全元件可具体地被配置为可应用于保险纸、重要文档或类似物的安全线、撕扯线(tear thread)、安全带、安全条带、补丁(patch)或标签中。 [0021] Security elements may in particular be configured to be applicable to the insurance paper, important documents or the like, security threads, tear lines (tear thread), safety belts, strips, patch (Patch) or tab.

[0022] 术语保险纸在这里特别地理解为尚未流通的重要文档的前体(precursor),除本发明的安全元件之外,例如其还可以具有鉴定特性(例如在其本体内提供的发光物质)。 [0022] The term & Insurance understood here in particular paper document is not yet flowing important precursor (precursor), in addition to the security element of the present invention, for example it may have further identified characteristics (e.g., light-emitting substance in the body which provides ). 重要文档在这里理解为,一方面,文档是由保险纸制造的。 Here understood as an important document, on the one hand, the document is made by the insurance papers. 另一方面,重要文档还可以是其他文档或物体,其装有本发明的安全元件,以使该重要文档具有不可被复制的鉴定特性,从而使得确认其真实性并同时阻止不希望的复制成为可能。 On the other hand, important documents or other documents may also be an object, the present invention is equipped with a safety element, so that the document having the identifying characteristics important not be copied, so that confirm its authenticity while preventing undesired copying becomes may.

[0023] 本发明的制造方法可改进为:安全元件的实施例和所述优选的变化例是加工制造的。 [0023] The production method of the present invention may be modified to: embodiments and variations of the preferred embodiment of the security element is the manufacturing.

[0024] 上述特征及下文中将要描述的特征不仅可用于已阐述的组合中,也可用于其他组合中或独立使用,而不超出本发明的保护范围。 [0024] The above features and characteristics will be described below can be used not only in combination have been set forth, may also be used in other combinations or in isolation, without departing from the scope of the present invention.

附图说明·[0025] 接下来,以实例的方式,参考同样公开了本发明实质性特征的附图来更详细地解释本发明。 The present invention will be explained in more detail BRIEF DESCRIPTION · [0025] Next, by way of example, with reference to the same essential characteristics of the present invention disclosed in the accompanying drawings. 附图描述如下: BRIEF described as follows:

[0026] 图I是具有安全元件I的钞票从正面观察的平面图, [0026] Figure I is a plan view of the security element is viewed from the front of the banknote I,

[0027] 图2是从背面观察的平面图, [0027] FIG. 2 is a plan view seen from the back,

[0028] 图3是沿图2的A —A线的剖面,和 [0028] FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view along the line A -A of Figure 2, and

[0029] 图4是沿图2的B — B线的剖面。 [0029] FIG 4 is B in FIG. 2 - B line sectional view.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0030] 为了提高可表述性,附图不反映真实比例尺。 [0030] In order to improve the presentation of the can, the drawings do not reflect the true scale. 另外,为了更清晰地展示相应的安全元件的结构,有时省略了阴影。 Further, in order to more clearly show the respective structures of the security element, a shadow may be omitted. 此外,不同实施例中功能和/或结构上相同或相应的元件在全部附图中分别具有相同的参考标记,以避免描述的重复。 Further, different embodiments or features and / or structurally identical or corresponding elements have the same reference numerals throughout the drawings to avoid duplicating description. 在描述中,一侧被称为正面,而另一侧为背面。 In the description, it is referred to as the front side, the other side of the back surface. 为了区别开,光学结构的一侧称为下侧,另一侧为上侧。 In order to distinguish one side of the optical structure is called a lower side, the other side is the upper side. 该约定仅起到有助理解的作用,而不是对有关该安全元件的结构和/或说明的限制。 This convention will help understanding the role played only and are not restrictive of the relevant structures of the security element and / or illustrated.

[0031] 图I显示了从其正面2观察的钞票I的平面图。 [0031] Figure I I shows a plan view of the banknote 2 observed from the front. 在钞票I的正面2上可辨认出图形3,该图形位于钞票I的窗口4内。 3 a recognizable pattern, the pattern situated within the window banknote I 4 I on the front face of the banknote 2.

[0032] 图2从背面5显示了钞票I。 [0032] Figure 2 shows the back side from the banknote 5 I. 条带6应用在背面5上,该条带尤其用于遮盖窗口 Strip 6 applied on the back surface 5, in particular for covering a window strip

4。 4. 条带6包括光学结构,接下来将参考图3的剖面描述图来对其进行解释,其中图3显示了沿图2的AA的剖面。 An optical structure comprising a strip 6, will next be described with reference to FIG sectional diagram to be explained, wherein FIG. 3 shows a section along AA in FIG. 2. 光学结构的位置以及(从而)窗口4的位置以虚线出现在图中。 Position of the optical structure, and (so) of the position of the window 4 appears in dashed lines in FIG.

[0033] 钞票I建立在载体7上,在其中引入窗口4 (例如通过冲压),优选地在箔片被层叠在正面2上之后。 [0033] I bill based on the carrier 7, in which the window 4 is introduced (e.g., by punching), are preferably laminated on the front side after the foil 2. 然而,只有当其正面上要求有相应的箔片时才需要该层叠结构。 However, only on its front when the laminated structure requires only a respective foil needs. 否则正面2的结构对这里描述的安全元件没有重要性。 Otherwise, the structure of the security element 2 on the front described here of no importance. 条带6应用于载体7的背面5,其方式是使得光学结构8被置于窗口4上。 6 is applied to the back of the carrier strip 57 in a manner such that the optical structure 8 is placed on the window 4.

[0034] 条带6的光学元件8按如下方式构建。 The optical element [0034] 8 Construction of the strip 6 as follows. 在其上侧15处具有微透镜9,所述微透镜9例如通过压印合适的可塑层来制造。 15 at its upper side 9 having microlenses, the microlenses 9 manufactured, for example by embossing of a suitable plastic layer. 微透镜9置于间隔材料10之上,可选地,所述间隔材料10是透明的且例如还可以实施为塑料箔片的形式。 9 microlenses disposed above the spacer material 10, alternatively, the spacer material 10 is transparent and, for example, can also be implemented in the form of a plastic foil. 微结构元件11设置在下侧14的背面,该下侧与光学元件8的上侧15相反。 Microstructure elements 11 disposed rear surface 14 of the lower side, the lower side 15 on the opposite side of the optical element 8. 微结构元件11的几何布置或构造与微透镜9所布置的样式彼此协调,其方式是使得当从上侧观察时形成可感知的图形。 Microstructure element 11 is arranged in the geometric configuration or arrangement of the microlenses 9 style coordinated with each other in such a way that the perceived pattern is formed when viewed from the upper side. 光学元件8从而可实现所谓的波纹放大镜(mori e magni fi er )。 The optical element 8 which can realize so-called magnifier corrugations (mori e magni fi er).

[0035] 在条带6被置于载体7的背面5上(其方式为光学结构8设置为在其上侧15上(即具有微透镜9的一侧)在窗口上)之后,通过层叠漆12a以及箔片13a在背面5上设置层叠结构。 [0035] In the strip 6 is disposed on the rear surface 57 of the carrier (8 a manner that the optical structure is disposed on the upper side 15 (i.e., the side having the microlenses 9) on the window) then, by laminating varnish foils 12a and 13a disposed on the back surface 5 a laminated structure. 该层叠结构应用于背面5,其方式为光学结构8的下侧14被覆盖,从而不被暴露。 The multilayer structure is applied to the back surface 5, which embodiment the lower side 8 of the optical structure 14 is covered so as not to be exposed. 通过层叠漆12a以及箔片13a形成的层叠结构相当于通过钞票I的正面2的层叠漆12b和箔片13a形成层叠结构。 13a laminated structure formed by laminating lacquer foils 12a and 13a corresponds to the laminated structure formed by laminating varnish I bills face 12b and the foil 2.

[0036] 图4显示了类似于图3的、但沿着图2的线BB的剖面示意图,即不延伸穿过光学结构8的剖面。 [0036] Figure 4 shows similar to FIG. 3, but along section line BB in FIG. 2 a schematic view, i.e., does not extend through the optical configuration of the cross section 8. 如图4所示,这些区域内的条带6实质上不包括在光学结构的区域内作为分隔件10的箔片。 As shown, these bars in the region does not include a band 46 substantially in the region of the optical structure of the partition member 10 as the foil. 另外,全息图结构16被配置在箔片上,如果层叠结构(层12a和13d)适当透明,则该全系图结构可以从钞票I的背面5被观察到。 Further, the structure of the hologram 16 is disposed on the foil, if appropriate a transparent laminated structure (layers 12a and 13d), the back surface of the entire system FIG banknote structures can be observed from I to 5. 以此方式,条带6不仅影响可从正面观察到的、光学结构8产生的图形,同时还影响由全息图结构6提供在背面的图形。 In this manner, the strip 6 can be viewed not only from the front impact, the pattern generated by optical structures 8, while also providing impact pattern of the back surface 6 by the hologram structure.

Claims (15)

1. 一种用于保险纸、重要文档或类似物品的安全元件,其具有: -具有正面(2)和背面(5)的载体(7), -应用于载体(7)的层叠结构(13a、12a),和-光学结构(8),其包括上侧(15)和下侧(14)以及设置在上侧上的光学元件(9),该光学结构产生可从上侧(15)视觉上可观察到的图形(3), 其特征在于-载体(7)具有至少一个窗口(4), -光学结构(9 )被置于载体(7 )的背面(5 )上,其上侧(15)在窗口(4)上,从而可穿过窗口(4)从正面(2)视觉上可观察到图形(3),和-层叠结构(13a、12a)被附接至背面(5)并遮盖光学结构(8)的下侧(14)。 (7) a laminated structure (13a applied to a carrier - a carrier having a front surface (2) and the back (5) (7), -: 1. A safety paper, important documents or security element for similar items, having , 12a), and - an optical structure (8), which includes an upper side (15) and a lower side (14) and an optical element (9) on the upper side of the optical structure produce (15) visually from the upper side pattern (3) can be observed on, characterized in that - the support (7) having at least one window (4), - an optical structure (9) is placed on the back support (7) (5), which upper side ( 15) on the window (4), which can pass through the window (4) from the front (2) can be visually observed pattern (3), and - a laminated structure (13a, 12a) is attached to the back surface (5) and a lower side (14) covering an optical structure (8).
2.如权利要求I所述的安全元件,其特征在于光学结构(8)具有微结构(11 ),从上侧(15)观察时,该微结构被置于光学元件(9)之下,所述微结构(11)与光学元件(9) 一起产生图形(3)。 2. The security element according to claim I, characterized in that the optical structure (8) having a micro structure (11), when viewed from the upper side (15), the microstructured optical element is disposed beneath (9), producing a pattern with the microstructure (11) and the optical element (9) (3).
3.如权利要求2所述的安全元件,其中光学元件包括微透镜(9),该微透镜被以适应微结构(11)的样式中布置。 The security element as claimed in claim 2, wherein the optical element comprises a micro-lens (9), the pattern microlenses are to accommodate the microstructure (11) is arranged.
4.如权利要求3所述的安全元件,其中光学结构(8)包括波纹放大镜。 The security element as claimed in claim 3, wherein the optical structure (8) comprises a corrugated magnifier.
5.如上述任一项权利要求所述的安全元件,其中光学结构(8)包括光学元件和/或附加的全息图(16)。 5. The security element according to any preceding claim, wherein the optical structure (8) comprises an optical element and / or additional hologram (16).
6.如上述任一项权利要求所述的安全元件,其中光学元件包括3D结构或菲涅尔结构。 6. The security element according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the optical element comprises a Fresnel structure or 3D structures.
7.如上述任一项权利要求所述的安全元件,其中光学结构(8)是穿过该安全元件(I)的背面(5)延伸的条带(6)的部分。 7. The security element according to any preceding claim, wherein the optical structure (8) is a rear (5) of the strip (6) extending through the security element (I) is.
8. —种重要文档,其具有权利要求1-7中任一项所述的安全元件。 8. - kinds of important documents, having a security element according to any of claims 1-7.
9. 一种用于保险纸、重要文档或类似物的安全元件的制造方法,其中-提供具有正面(2)和背面(5)的载体(7), -提供光学结构(8),其包括上侧(15)和下侧(14)以及设置在上侧(15)上的光学元件(9),该光学元件(9)产生可从上侧(15)视觉上观察到的图形(3), -提供了应用于载体(7)的层叠结构(13a、12a), 其特征在于-载体(7)具有至少一个窗口(4),或装有至少一个窗口(4), -光学结构(9)被置于载体(7)的背面(5)上,其上侧(15)在窗口(4)之上,从而图形(3)可穿过窗口(4)从正面(2)被视觉地观察到,和-层叠结构(13a、12a)附接至背面(5),遮盖光学结构(9)的下侧(14)。 9. A safety paper, a method for producing the security element of important documents or the like, wherein - providing a carrier (7) having a front (2) and the back (5), - providing an optical structure (8), which comprises upper (15) and a lower side (14) and arranged to generate graphics can be viewed from the upper side (15) visually (3) on the side of the optical element (15) (9), the optical element (9) - providing applied carrier (7) a laminated structure (13a, 12a), characterized in that - the support (7) having at least one window (4), or with at least one window (4), - an optical structure (9 on the back surface (5)) is placed in a carrier (7), on which side (15) above the window (4), so that pattern (3) through the window (4) from the front (2) is visually observed to, and - the laminated structure (13a, 12a) attached to the back surface (5), the lower side (14) covering an optical structure (9).
10.如权利要求9所述的制造方法,其特征在于光学结构(8)装有微结构(11 ),所述微结构(11)从上侧(15)观察且被置于光学元件(9)之下,所述微结构与光学元件(9)共同产生图形(3)。 10. The manufacturing method according to claim 9, characterized in that the optical structure (8) with the microstructure (11), said microstructure (11) viewed from the upper side (15) and is placed in the optical element (9 below), the microstructure of the optical element (9) generates a common pattern (3).
11.如权利要求10所述的制造方法,其中光学结构装有光学元件,所述光学元件包括微透镜(9),该微透镜以适应微观结构(11)的样式布置。 11. The manufacturing method according to claim 10, wherein the optical structure with an optical element, said optical element includes a microlens (9), which accommodate the microstructure microlenses (11) arranged in the style.
12.如权利要求11所述的制造方法,其中光学结构(8)被配置为波纹放大镜。 12. The manufacturing method according to claim 11, wherein the optical structure (8) is configured as a corrugated magnifier.
13.如权利要求9至12中任一项所述的制造方法,其中光学结构(8)装有光学元件和/或附加装有全息图(16)。 A method for producing a 9 to 12 as claimed in claim 13, wherein the optical structure (8) is provided with an optical element and / or additionally containing a hologram (16).
14.如权利要求9至13中任一项所述的制造方法,其中光学元件包括3D结构或菲涅尔结构。 14. The method of manufacturing 9-1 according to any of claims 13, wherein the optical element comprises a Fresnel structure or 3D structures.
15.如权利要求9至14中任一项所述的制造方法,其中光学结构(8)被配置在条带(6)中,该条带被设置在安全元件(I)的背面(5)之上。 The manufacturing method of any one of 9 to 14 claim, wherein the optical structure (8) is arranged in the strip (6), the strip is provided on the back security element (I), (5) above.
CN201180025823.4A 2010-03-24 2011-03-17 Safety element and production method thereof CN102905910B (en)

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