CN102900000A - Full-direction full-straight through direct left-turning right-driving overpass - Google Patents

Full-direction full-straight through direct left-turning right-driving overpass Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102900000A
CN102900000A CN2011102180433A CN201110218043A CN102900000A CN 102900000 A CN102900000 A CN 102900000A CN 2011102180433 A CN2011102180433 A CN 2011102180433A CN 201110218043 A CN201110218043 A CN 201110218043A CN 102900000 A CN102900000 A CN 102900000A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
road
overpass bridge
overpass
full
hand rotation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2011102180433A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102900000B (en
Inventor
刘国光
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201110218043.3A priority Critical patent/CN102900000B/en
Publication of CN102900000A publication Critical patent/CN102900000A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102900000B publication Critical patent/CN102900000B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The present invention relates to a full-direction full-straight through direct left-turning right-driving overpass designed by adopting a new idea and a new thought. According to the full-direction full-straight through direct left-turning right-driving overpass, a full-direction interchange design is adopted, and opposite lanes of the same road adopt a high-low position arrangement manner, such that full-direction full-straight through direct left-turning right-driving of the interchange road is achieved, a ramp is short, visual field is wide, driver driving thinking is met, vehicles can rapidly pass, and safety is good so as to substantially improve road traffic capacity of the overpass and provide a crucial effect for road traffic jam treatment. According to the present invention, the scheme is performed within the original road width, such that characteristics of no extension and no expansion are provided, and the overpass is especially used in urban roads so as not to remove existing buildings when the overpass is built; and underground major commercial centers or parking areas can be arranged outside the underground interchange channels so as to maximally improve land utilization rate.

Description

Comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of overpass bridge, particularly a kind of comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge.
Background technology
At present, along with the development of society and improving constantly of the people's material and cultural life level, vehicle guaranteeding organic quantity is growing per capita in society, and the stifled road of traffic congestion has become people's grave illness in mind.The stifled road of traffic congestion mainly gets lodged in crossing intersection part, repaiies overpass bridge so people have remembered.The appearance of overpass bridge is the coast is clear really, the unimpeded everlasting merit of having made in particular for urban road, but also should see the problem of existence, at first be that existing overpass bridge exists current not smooth problem, that is to say also in the same old way traffic congestion of overpass bridge; Next is the unreasonable problem of design of the overpass bridge that has, and the crossing that has is little stifled before not building overpass bridge, has had overpass bridge to become large stifled; Moreover be that the overpass bridge floor space that has is too large, such as clover blade profile overpass bridge greatly to there being several football fields so large, although of tremendous momentum, paid too many land resources cost.
Summary of the invention
Unreasonable in order to overcome existing Blind Points in Design of Grade Separation, floor space is too large, particularly eradicates the problems such as road congestion, and the present invention now provides comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: the one, and, adopt omnibearing stereo to intersect, but the passing road total amount is brought up to maximum value with the intersection time; The 2nd,, the same path that breaks traditions in opposite directions track is horizontally disposed with theory, adopt in opposite directions track high-low-position setting of same path, realize the entirely straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral of grade separation road, reduce to greatest extent the holdup time of vehicle on intersection system, the road passage capability of intersection is brought up to maximum value; The 3rd,, beyond the underground interchange passage, set up underground commercial center or parking lot, improve to greatest extent land utilization ratio.
One. omnibearing stereo intersects.
Omnibearing stereo intersects and comprises the graded crossing that is comprised of ground level road, ground overpass bridge, the underground interchange passage Trinity and the ground omnibearing stereo intersection that is comprised of ground level road, warp-wise overpass bridge and broadwise overpass bridge.
Ground level road, the graded crossing design of overpass bridge, underground interchange passage Trinity composition on the ground.Overpass bridge is connected with the warp-wise road on the ground, and the warp-wise vehicle passes through from the ground overpass bridge; The underground interchange passage is connected with the broadwise road, and the broadwise vehicle passes through from the underground interchange passage.Ground level road only allows pedestrian, bicycle and special license vehicle (such as bus, oversize vehicle etc.) current, the intersection increases the width on nonmotorized vehicle lane and sidewalk as far as possible, corresponding minimizing motorway width, under the pedestrian and non motorized vehicle of guaranteeing a current prerequisite, take into account special license vehicle pass-through.Bus platform arranges near the intersection, reduce pedestrian's walking in bustling highway section, also abandoned simultaneously the phenomenon of pedestrian's " upper bridge " and " entering ground ", satisfy to greatest extent the citizens' activities needs, give non power driven vehicle, bring great convenience particularly for the trip of old man and child and invalids, embodied that people-oriented and harmonious society's design concept of low-carbon (LC) low-consumption high-efficiency.
Ground omnibearing stereo cross-over design, be mainly used in the place that groundwater table is higher or other factors is not suitable for building the underground interchange passage, ground omnibearing stereo cross-over design is not used the underground interchange passage, road interchange is all finished more than ground, high-rise one group of overpass bridge is connected with the warp-wise road, one group of overpass bridge of low layer is connected with the broadwise road, and ground level road only allows pedestrian, bicycle and special license vehicle (such as bus, oversize vehicle etc.) current.Ground omnibearing stereo cross-over design can be saved the ground excavation, destruction and the reconstruction of saving underground original pipeline and circuit, and shortcoming is that the one group of overpass bridge in upper strata is overhead higher, the length that has relatively prolonged access bridge and circle bridge, the in addition suitable use in the city.
Two. adopt in opposite directions track high-low-position setting of same path, realize the entirely straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral of graded crossing.
Present overpass bridge left turning vehicle generally all needed out intersection, road under the right then, and what turn one 270 degree large curvedly could realize left-hand rotation again.It why can not directly turn left be because same path in opposite directions the track all on a horizontal plane, the same path that the present invention breaks traditions in opposite directions track is horizontally disposed with theory, overpass bridge and underground interchange passage all adopt in opposite directions track high-low-position setting of same path on the ground, left rotaring ring road directly turns left, pass through from opposite directions top or the below in track, be connected with the ground level road of cross way; The right-hand rotation ring road is directly turned right, and is connected with the ground level road of cross way; The ring road that turns around is connected with left rotaring ring road on one side, and another side is connected with track in opposite directions; Turn around vehicle by left rotaring ring road, reach in opposite directions track by the ring road that turns around again, realize that vehicle turns around.
Turn around ring road only in the setting of the intersection of necessity, generally speaking the ring road that turns around can be set.
The same path in opposite directions advantage of track high-low-position setting is: 1. entirely lead directly to direct left-hand rotation right lateral, ring road is shorter, and broad view meets the driver drives vehicle thinking, and vehicle pass-through is fast, and safety is good, has greatly improved the traffic capacity of overpass bridge.2. left rotaring ring road and in opposite directions the right lateral ring road in track, and the ring road three roads unification of turning around, the straight way part can be multiplex together, reduces investment outlay.Entirely straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral graded crossing at original road width with interior realization, basically do not exist the bend extension to take up room, save a large amount of soils, particularly in the road reformation in city, can avoid the removal of intersection Adjacent Buildings, avoid the wasting of resources.
Inventor's investigation shows, about 80%, special license vehicle (such as bus, oversize vehicle etc.) is about 20% at the current middle-size and small-size vehicle of urban road; Forbidding the middle-size and small-size vehicle in inner city that lorry sails into about 90%, oversize vehicle is about 10%.The present invention is in the practice of inner city, make the oversize vehicle of special license current at ground level road, middle-size and small-size vehicle is current from ground overpass bridge and underground interchange passage, can do made of light design to the grade separation facility, reduce the pontic oneself height, simultaneously the relative decrease vertical parallax in track in opposite directions again, and then the gradient and the length of reduction grade separation facility, reduce investment, improve the traffic capacity, preferably promoting the use of.
Three. set up underground commercial center or parking lot
When building overpass bridge, can be at underground passage with additional underground commercial center or the parking lot built of exterior domain, underground commercial center or parking lot are connected with peripheral path and building, utilize to greatest extent land resources, bring into play to greatest extent the constructing benefits of grade separation facility.Underground installation is done commercial the use peacetime, and the wartime does air defense or material stock is used.
Four. the utilization of the present invention in other type road.
The present invention is except ground level road, ground overpass bridge and the grade separation design of the underground interchange passage Trinity and ground level road, warp-wise overpass bridge and broadwise overpass bridge ground omnibearing stereo cross-over design, can also be used for the interchange design, the design of main and secondary road grade separation, and the design of the grade separation at fork in the road and multi-fork crossing, etc.
Be respectively described below:
1. speedway leads directly to direct left-hand rotation right lateral Blind Points in Design of Grade Separation entirely.
Omnibearing stereo of the present invention intersected and same path in opposite directions the track high-low-position direct left-hand rotation right lateral theory be set specifically be used in the Blind Points in Design of Grade Separation of speedway intersection, the design that can adopt ground overpass bridge and underground interchange passage to combine also can be adopted the grade separation design of full ground.Speedway can reduce land seizure on the one hand after using the present invention, reduce manufacturing cost, can reduce vehicle speed variation on the other hand, improves the traffic capacity.
2. main and secondary road leads directly to direct left-hand rotation right lateral Blind Points in Design of Grade Separation entirely.
Omnibearing stereo of the present invention intersected and same path in opposite directions the track high-low-position direct left-hand rotation right lateral theory be set specifically be used in the main and secondary road intersection, subsidiary road is current from ground level road, major trunk roads adopt ground overpass bridge or underground interchange passage to intersect with subsidiary road, the major trunk roads through vehicles is straight-through fluent, and turning vehicle arrives the subsidiary road road surface by the ring road right lateral that directly turns left.This design makes all vehicles of major trunk roads not controlled by traffic lights, eliminates major trunk roads congested with cars problem, greatly improves the major trunk roads traffic capacity.
3. the complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral Blind Points in Design of Grade Separation at fork in the road and multi-fork crossing.
Omnibearing stereo intersected and same path in opposite directions the track high-low-position grade separation that direct left-hand rotation right lateral theory specifically is used in fork in the road grade separation design and multi-fork crossing be set design, the design that can adopt ground overpass bridge and underground interchange passage to combine also can be adopted the grade separation design of full ground.What deserves to be explained is that the fewer grade separation level in intersection is fewer, interconnected ring road is also fewer; Intersection more grade separations level is more, and interconnected ring road is also more.In urban construction, particularly in the construction of newly-built road, should avoid the appearance at the multi-fork crossing more than five cross road mouths as far as possible, to reduce the cost of overpass bridge, reduce the vehicle undue concentration at grade separation road junction, guarantee the coast is clear.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows that the present invention is the comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge with the design of new concept new approaches.It adopts the omnibearing stereo cross-over design, adopt in opposite directions track high-low-position setting of same path, realize the comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral of grade separation road, ring road is shorter, and broad view meets the driver drives vehicle thinking, vehicle pass-through is fast, safety is good, has greatly improved the road passage capability of overpass bridge, will play conclusive effect to administering the road traffic obstruction.With interior enforcement, extension is not expanded at the original path width in the present invention, saves the soil, particularly urban road use not can be because of building overpass bridge the original building of moving; Moreover, beyond the underground interchange passage, can set up underground commercial center or parking lot, improve to greatest extent land utilization ratio.
Description of drawings:
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge volume rendering schematic diagram of Fig. 1
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge of Fig. 2 is overpass bridge part floor map on the ground
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge of Fig. 3 is overpass bridge part longitudinal section schematic diagram on the ground
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge underground interchange channel part floor map of Fig. 4
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge underground interchange channel part longitudinal section of Fig. 5 schematic diagram
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge ground level road part floor map of Fig. 6
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge volume rendering schematic diagram in Fig. 7 ground
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral expressway overpass volume rendering schematic diagram in Fig. 8 ground
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral main and secondary road overpass bridge volume rendering schematic diagram of Fig. 9
The comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral fork in the road overpass bridge volume rendering schematic diagram of Figure 10
Among the figure:
1. ground level road, 2. overpass bridge (high position) on the ground, 3. overpass bridge (low level) on the ground, 4. underground interchange passage (high position), 5. underground interchange passage (low level), 6. circle bridge, 7. ring road, 8. left-hand rotation circle bridge, 9. right-hand rotation circle bridge, the circle bridge that 10. turns around, 11. left rotaring ring roads, 12. right-hand rotation ring road, the ring road 13. turn around, 14. ground grade separation bridge piers, 15. underground interchange channel outlet, 16. circle bridge bridge pier, 17. ramp exit, 18. underground interchange passage ventilation courtyards, 19. sidewalks, 20. nonmotorized vehicle lane
The specific embodiment
In Fig. 1, comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral Blind Points in Design of Grade Separation is comprised of ground level road (1), overpass bridge (2) (3), and underground traffic road (4) (5) three parts on the ground.Overpass bridge (2) (3) is connected with warp-wise ground level road (1) on the ground, and the warp-wise vehicle passes through from the ground overpass bridge; Underground interchange passage (4) (5) is connected with broadwise ground level road (1), and the broadwise vehicle passes through from the underground interchange passage.
In Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the ground overpass bridge of comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge partly adopts in opposite directions track high-low-position setting, left-hand rotation circle bridge (8) directly turns left, and passes through from opposite directions top or the below in track, is connected with the ground level road (1) of cross way.Right-hand rotation circle bridge (9) is directly turned right, and is connected with the ground level road (1) of cross way.The circle bridge (10) that turns around is connected with left-hand rotation circle bridge (8) on one side, and another side is connected with track in opposite directions, and the vehicle that turns around passes through from left-hand rotation circle bridge (8), reaches in opposite directions road by the circle bridge (10) that turns around again, and the realization vehicle turns around.
In Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the underground interchange passage of comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge adopts in opposite directions track high-low-position setting equally, left rotaring ring road (11) directly turns left, and passes through from opposite directions top or the below in track, is connected with the ground level road (1) of cross way.Right-hand rotation ring road (12) is directly turned right, and is connected with the ground level road (1) of cross way.The ring road (13) that turns around is connected with left rotaring ring road (11) on one side, and another side is connected with track in opposite directions, and the vehicle that turns around passes through from left rotaring ring road (11), reaches in opposite directions road by the ring road that turns around (13) again, and the realization vehicle turns around.
In Fig. 6, the ground level road (1) of comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge only allows pedestrian and special license vehicle (such as bus, oversize vehicle etc.) to pass through, the lane width of the non-intersection of motorway Width of intersection reduces 60%, the width of while corresponding increase nonmotorized vehicle lane (20) and sidewalk (19), under the pedestrian and non motorized vehicle of guaranteeing a current prerequisite, take into account special license vehicle pass-through.
In Fig. 7, the warp-wise of the entirely straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge in ground and broadwise road all adopt overpass bridge on the ground, there is not the underground interchange passage, road interchange is all finished more than ground, high-rise one group of overpass bridge is connected with the warp-wise road, one group of overpass bridge of low layer is connected with the broadwise road, and ground level road only allows pedestrian, bicycle and special license vehicle (such as bus, oversize vehicle etc.) current.
In Fig. 8, the comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral expressway overpass in ground, nobody trade and nonmotorized vehicle lane, cross way adopts graded crossing in length and breadth, the turning vehicle right lateral that directly turns left.
In Fig. 9, the major trunk roads of comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral main and secondary road overpass bridge adopt on the ground or underground graded crossing, subsidiary road uses ground level road, and the major trunk roads through vehicles is straight-through fluent, and turning vehicle arrives the subsidiary road road surface by the ring road right lateral that directly turns left.
In Figure 10, the grade separation level of comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral fork in the road overpass bridge and decussation overpass obviously seldom.

Claims (4)

1. comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge, it is characterized in that: omnibearing stereo intersects, and same path in opposite directions track high-low-position arranges, and can set up underground commercial center or parking lot.
2. comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: omnibearing stereo intersects, comprise the graded crossing that is formed by ground level road, overpass bridge, and underground interchange passage on the ground and the ground omnibearing stereo intersection that is formed by ground level road, warp-wise overpass bridge and broadwise overpass bridge.
3. comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: same path in opposite directions track high-low-position arranges, left rotaring ring road directly turns left, and passes through from opposite directions top or the below in track, is connected with the ground level road of cross way; The right-hand rotation ring road is directly turned right, and is connected with the ground level road of cross way; The ring road that turns around is connected with left rotaring ring road on one side, and another side is connected with track in opposite directions; Turn around vehicle by left rotaring ring road, reach in opposite directions track by the ring road that turns around again.
4. comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral overpass bridge according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: with additional underground commercial center or the parking lot built of exterior domain, underground commercial center or parking lot are connected with peripheral path and building at underground passage.
CN201110218043.3A 2011-07-24 2011-07-24 Comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral viaduct Expired - Fee Related CN102900000B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110218043.3A CN102900000B (en) 2011-07-24 2011-07-24 Comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral viaduct

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110218043.3A CN102900000B (en) 2011-07-24 2011-07-24 Comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral viaduct

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102900000A true CN102900000A (en) 2013-01-30
CN102900000B CN102900000B (en) 2016-06-08

Family

ID=47572468

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201110218043.3A Expired - Fee Related CN102900000B (en) 2011-07-24 2011-07-24 Comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral viaduct

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102900000B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107119516A (en) * 2016-02-24 2017-09-01 吴钦凡 A kind of full crossings on different level scheme of urban road

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1150611A (en) * 1995-11-21 1997-05-28 彭中 'Pi' shape interchange
JP3606576B1 (en) * 2004-03-19 2005-01-05 月灘建設株式会社 Rotary side-by-side road structure
CN2856120Y (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-01-10 郑权泽 Omnidirection dual-layered gallop bridge
CN2926299Y (en) * 2006-07-11 2007-07-25 黄祖清 Overpass with parking position
CN101008171A (en) * 2006-01-24 2007-08-01 潘玉恒 Obstacle-free crossover for city road crossing
CN101210410A (en) * 2007-12-25 2008-07-02 浙江交通职业技术学院 Urban crossroad traffic split system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1150611A (en) * 1995-11-21 1997-05-28 彭中 'Pi' shape interchange
JP3606576B1 (en) * 2004-03-19 2005-01-05 月灘建設株式会社 Rotary side-by-side road structure
CN2856120Y (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-01-10 郑权泽 Omnidirection dual-layered gallop bridge
CN101008171A (en) * 2006-01-24 2007-08-01 潘玉恒 Obstacle-free crossover for city road crossing
CN2926299Y (en) * 2006-07-11 2007-07-25 黄祖清 Overpass with parking position
CN101210410A (en) * 2007-12-25 2008-07-02 浙江交通职业技术学院 Urban crossroad traffic split system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107119516A (en) * 2016-02-24 2017-09-01 吴钦凡 A kind of full crossings on different level scheme of urban road

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102900000B (en) 2016-06-08

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203923830U (en) City crossroad interchange viaduct
CN1249302C (en) Full spatial urban road system and traffic method using same
CN100351468C (en) Full stereoscopic city road system and traffic method using said system
CN102182129B (en) Bird nest intercommunicating flyover for full-time full-directional passing at road intersection
CN202194041U (en) Flyover
CN102322005A (en) Flyover
CN202323598U (en) Multifunctional overpass
CN102912701B (en) Multi-functional left-turn directional interchange overpass
CN102268852A (en) Two-phase implementation method of urban road transport system
CN1286335A (en) Traffic by-pass bridge for crossing of roads in urban area
CN102747661A (en) Structure of torsional-type flyover based on urban road and use thereof
CN201738207U (en) High through capacity crossroad full intercommunication fly-over bridge
CN101792994A (en) Multifunctional tunnel grade separation hub bridge
CN102900000B (en) Comprehensive complete straight-through direct left-hand rotation right lateral viaduct
CN102268853B (en) Intersection flyover
CN204982577U (en) All -round multilevel traffic facility of city crossroad
CN100363558C (en) Single-line full mutual passage one layer overpass
CN1752345A (en) Exquisite pocket full-interchange single-layer overpass
CN201648900U (en) Multifunctional tunnel interchange hinge bridge
CN204982578U (en) Crossroad does not have red light individual layer overpass
CN202519551U (en) Multifunctional room-type free passage interchange bridge
CN2921084Y (en) Single-line full inter-through single-layer overpass
CN201530967U (en) Viaduct passed directly and smoothly
CN207739083U (en) A kind of urban three-dimensional transportation network network
CN202047329U (en) Fast drive overpass

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160608

Termination date: 20200724