CN102889596B - Municipal domestic garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Municipal domestic garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102889596B
CN102889596B CN201210436901.6A CN201210436901A CN102889596B CN 102889596 B CN102889596 B CN 102889596B CN 201210436901 A CN201210436901 A CN 201210436901A CN 102889596 B CN102889596 B CN 102889596B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat exchange
casing
pipe
flue dust
drainage screen
Prior art date
Application number
CN201210436901.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102889596A (en
Inventor
王明山
Original Assignee
青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201210436901.6A priority Critical patent/CN102889596B/en
Publication of CN102889596A publication Critical patent/CN102889596A/en
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Publication of CN102889596B publication Critical patent/CN102889596B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a municipal domestic garbage incinerator. The municipal domestic garbage incinerator comprises a box body, a soot dust inlet pipe, soot dust outlet pipe, two filtering baffle plates, a granule attachment beam, a control system and a sensing system, wherein a plurality of granule attachment columns are arranged on the granule attachment beam. The control system is positioned on the upper part of the box body; a blower is arranged in a heat exchange box; a sensor is arranged on a filter screen; and the control system is connected with the sensor and the blower through signal wires. The municipal domestic garbage incinerator is provided with the granule attachment beam, and a plurality of granule attachment columns are arranged on the granule attachment beam, so that energy conservation and emission reduction are realized effectively.

Description

Municipal domestic garbage incinerator
Technical field:
The present invention relates to boiler manfacturing technical field is and in particular to a kind of municipal domestic garbage incinerator.
Background technology:
Energy saving, environmental protection is a fundamental state policy of China.At present, the enterprise of China comes into a high speed The development epoch, the energy-saving and emission-reduction of enterprise, environmental protection consciousness is constantly strengthened.And, governments at all levels are in the work optimized the environment for investment In work, all improvement air and environmental pollution are gived top priority.
At present, China there are about 1,200,000 burning boilers and is distributed in ten thousand boiler rooms about more than 50 of all parts of the country, and, this Still using traditional stove and combustion method, these boilers cannot accomplish the as abundant as possible of fuel to a little burning boilers major parts Burning, therefore, has given off substantial amounts of flue dust, these flue dust enter in air, result in the aggravation of greenhouse effect;Additionally, Granule in flue dust in an atmosphere, causes fog occurrence probability to greatly increase, and, these do not have clean-burning granule to be worked as Do waste discharge, cause the waste of resource.So, boiler is transformed, to improve its thermal efficiency, removes and reduce cigarette The concentration of emission of dirt and harmful gass is imperative.In view of this technology needs, occur in that multitube, whirlwind on the market Formula, the dust removal installation such as water curtain style, there is wretched insufficiency in it taking water curtain style as a example, e.g., wastes substantial amounts of water resource, improves The processing cost of flue dust;Fuel gas in flue dust and flammable grit can not reclaim utilization of burning again, and the waste heat in flue dust is not yet Can recycle, reduce the thermal efficiency of boiler;And, this complex structure, production cost is high.
Content of the invention:
The present invention overcomes shortcoming present in prior art, provides a kind of municipal domestic garbage incinerator.The present invention sets It is equipped with double medium filtration baffle plate, realize effectively filtering;It is provided with granule attachment beam, if being provided with dry particl attachment post on attachment beam, more It is effectively realized energy-saving and emission-reduction;It is provided with control system and sensor-based system so that controlling more accurate.
Technical solution of the present invention is: municipal domestic garbage incinerator, including casing, flue dust inlet pipe and flue dust outlet pipe, also Adhere to beam, control system and sensor-based system including two filtering baffle, granule, if being provided with dry particl attachment on granule attachment beam Post, wherein, the top of described casing is further provided with heat exchange case, and one end of described heat exchange case is provided with heat exchange medium Input pipe, the other end is provided with heat exchange medium outlet tube, and described casing is further provided with back smoke pipe, described heat exchange Case, described time smoke pipe and described casing secure weld;The lower section of described heat exchange case is provided with described flue dust outlet pipe, and described heat is handed over Change and many superconducting pipes are further provided with case, one end of described superconducting pipe extends to flue dust outlet pipe in described heat exchange case In, it is fastenedly connected between described superconducting pipe and described heat exchange case;The front of described flue dust inlet pipe is provided with the two-layer mistake of ramp shaped Filter screen, described drainage screen is provided with granule attachment post, is further provided with winding sheet in described casing, described granule attachment post Angle and described drainage screen between is 15-30 degree, and the lower section of described flue dust inlet pipe is provided with described time smoke pipe, described winding sheet With described casing secure weld, between described granule attachment post and described drainage screen, screw screws up fastening;The outer wall of described casing On be provided with aluminium silicate warming plate, the outer wall of described aluminium silicate warming plate is provided with steel plate, described steel plate, described aluminium silicate protect Warm plate is integrally formed during fabrication with described casing, and described drainage screen is further provided with filtering baffle, described filtering baffle Positioned at the top of described winding sheet, described filtering baffle is integrally formed during fabrication with described drainage screen, occurs in pairs.Control system System is located at casing top, is provided with blower fan, described drainage screen is provided with sensor in heat exchange case, and control system passes through signal Line is connected with sensor and blower fan respectively.
Service hatch is provided with described casing, described service hatch is located at side, described service hatch and the institute of described go back to smoke pipe State casing to be integrally formed during fabrication.
Present invention has the beneficial effect that
1) present invention is provided with double medium filtration baffle plate, realizes effectively filtering.
2) present invention is provided with granule attachment beam, if being provided with dry particl attachment post on attachment beam, more effectively realizes energy-conservation Reduce discharging.
3) present invention is provided with control system and sensor-based system so that controlling more accurate.
4) heat exchange case on casing of the present invention is arranged on the top of flue dust outlet pipe, and the superconducting pipe within heat exchange case extends To flue dust outlet pipe, one end of heat exchange case connects heat exchange medium input pipe, and the other end connects heat exchange medium outlet tube, cigarette Superconducting pipe in dirt outlet pipe absorbs the heat in flue dust, and superconducting pipe transfers heat to heat exchange case, makes full use of and reclaim The high-temperature residual heat carrying in flue dust, substantially increases the thermal efficiency of boiler.
5) front of the flue dust inlet pipe of the present invention is provided with drainage screen, has both decreased the waste of the energy, has accomplished flammable again Gas carries out second-time burning with the recovery of granule.Substantially increase the thermal efficiency of boiler.
6), after flue dust discharges from the present invention, have passed through granule attachment post, the dust removal step such as drainage screen, greatly reduce discharge Dust in air, is conducive to the protection of environment.
7) present configuration is reasonable, and low production cost can improve boiler thermal output 30%-55%.
Brief description:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing identifies:
1st, heat exchange medium outlet tube 2, heat exchange case 3, superconducting pipe
4th, heat exchange medium input pipe 5, casing 6, drainage screen
7th, aluminium silicate warming plate 8, granule attachment post 9, flue dust inlet pipe
10th, smoke pipe 11, service hatch 12, winding sheet are returned
13rd, steel plate 14, filtering baffle 15, flue dust outlet pipe
16th, sensor 17, granule attachment beam 18, control system
19th, blower fan.
Specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention will be described.
As shown in figure 1, Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Wherein, including casing 5, flue dust inlet pipe 9 and flue dust outlet pipe 15, the top of casing 5 is further provided with heat exchange case 2, one end of heat exchange case 2 is provided with heat exchange medium input pipe 4, and the other end is provided with heat exchange medium outlet tube 1, casing 5 On be further provided with back smoke pipe 10, heat exchange case 2, return smoke pipe 10 and casing 5 secure weld.The lower section setting of heat exchange case 2 There is flue dust outlet pipe 15, heat exchange case 2 is further provided with many superconducting pipes 3, one end of superconducting pipe 3 is prolonged in heat exchange case 2 Extend in flue dust outlet pipe 15, be fastenedly connected between superconducting pipe 3 and heat exchange case 2.The front of flue dust inlet pipe 9 is provided with the mistake of ramp shaped Filter screen 6, drainage screen 6 is provided with granule attachment post 8, is further provided with winding sheet 12, granule attachment post 8 and mistake in casing 5 Angle between filter screen 6 is 15-30 degree, and the lower section of flue dust inlet pipe 9 is provided with back smoke pipe 10, winding sheet 12 and casing 5 fastening weldering Connect, adhere in granule and be provided with granule attachment post 8 on beam 17, between granule attachment post 8 and drainage screen 6, screw screws up fastening.Casing 5 Outer wall on be provided with aluminium silicate warming plate 7, the outer wall of aluminium silicate warming plate 7 is provided with steel plate 13, steel plate 13, aluminium silicate are protected Warm plate 7 and casing 5 are integrally formed during fabrication, and drainage screen 6 is further provided with filtering baffle 14, and filtering baffle 14 is located at The top of winding sheet 12, filtering baffle 14 and drainage screen 6 have two, and filtering baffle 14 is integrally formed during fabrication with drainage screen 6. Service hatch 11 is provided with casing 5, service hatch 11 is located at go back to the side of smoke pipe 10, service hatch 11 and casing 5 one during fabrication Molding.Open service hatch 11 and can clear up the dust overstocking in casing 5 bottom.
Control system 18 is located at casing 5 top, is provided with blower fan 19, described drainage screen 6 is provided with biography in heat exchange case 2 Sensor 16, control system 18 is connected with sensor 16 and blower fan 19 respectively by holding wire.
Heat exchange case on casing of the present invention is arranged on the top of flue dust outlet pipe, and the superconducting pipe within heat exchange case extends to In flue dust outlet pipe, one end of heat exchange case connects heat exchange Jie's spray input pipe, and the other end connects heat exchange medium outlet tube, flue dust Superconducting pipe in outlet pipe absorbs the heat in flue dust, and superconducting pipe (generally copper pipe) transfers heat to heat exchange case, when heat is handed over When changing medium (as water) and flowing through heat exchange case, heat exchange medium is heated, and so, that is, makes full use of and has reclaimed in flue dust and carry High-temperature residual heat, substantially increase the thermal efficiency of boiler.The front of the flue dust inlet pipe of the present invention is provided with drainage screen, on drainage screen It is connected with granule attachment post, flue dust enters from flue dust inlet pipe, imperfect combustion bulky grain is stopped and fallen by granule attachment post On casing.After little granule is stopped by drainage screen, little particle is fallen on winding sheet along the filtering baffle on drainage screen, due to The gradient of winding sheet, little particle also tumbles in box bottom.Imperfect combustion bulky grain and little particle under the drive of hot-fluid, Again it is blown back in boiler along returning smoke pipe, to accomplish to make it fully burn as far as possible.So, both decreased the wave of the energy Take, accomplished that fuel gas and the recovery of granule carry out second-time burning again.Substantially increase the thermal efficiency of boiler.Flue dust is from this After discharging in device, have passed through granule attachment post, drainage screen etc. goes out dirt step, greatly reduce the dust being discharged in air, have Protection beneficial to environment.Present configuration rationally, low production cost it is achieved that the double effects of environmental protection and energy-conservation, not additional What power-equipment, need not keep in repair, can improve boiler thermal output 30%-45%.In sum, advantages of the present invention structure is simple, Easy to use, the thermal efficiency is high, low production cost, and the fuel gas in flue dust and combustible granules can reclaim and carry out second-time burning , the heat carrying in flue dust can be made to be fully used.

Claims (1)

1. municipal domestic garbage incinerator, including casing, flue dust inlet pipe and flue dust outlet pipe it is characterised in that: also include two Filtering baffle, granule attachment beam, control system and sensor-based system, if being provided with dry particl attachment post on granule attachment beam, wherein, The top of described casing is further provided with heat exchange case, and one end of described heat exchange case is provided with heat exchange medium input pipe, The other end is provided with heat exchange medium input pipe, and described casing is further provided with back smoke pipe, described heat exchange case, described time Smoke pipe and described casing secure weld;The lower section of described heat exchange case is provided with described flue dust outlet pipe, and described heat exchange case is enterprising One step is provided with many superconducting pipes, and one end of described superconducting pipe extends to flue dust outlet pipe in described heat exchange case, described super It is fastenedly connected between conduit and described heat exchange case;The front of described flue dust inlet pipe is provided with the two-layer drainage screen of ramp shaped, described Described granule attachment post is also equipped with drainage screen, is further provided with winding sheet in described casing, described granule attachment post Angle and described drainage screen between is 15-30 degree, and the lower section of described flue dust inlet pipe is provided with described time smoke pipe, described winding sheet With described casing secure weld, between described granule attachment post and described drainage screen, screw screws up fastening;The outer wall of described casing On be provided with aluminium silicate warming plate, the outer wall of described aluminium silicate warming plate is provided with steel plate, described steel plate, described aluminium silicate protect Warm plate is integrally formed during fabrication with described casing, and described drainage screen is further provided with filtering baffle, described filtering baffle Positioned at the top of described winding sheet, described filtering baffle is integrally formed during fabrication with described drainage screen, occurs in pairs;
Control system is located at casing top, is provided with blower fan in heat exchange case, and described drainage screen is provided with sensor, controls system System is connected with sensor and blower fan respectively by holding wire;It is provided with service hatch, described service hatch is located at institute on described casing State go back to the side of smoke pipe, described service hatch is integrally formed during fabrication with described casing.
CN201210436901.6A 2012-11-05 2012-11-05 Municipal domestic garbage incinerator CN102889596B (en)

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CN201210436901.6A CN102889596B (en) 2012-11-05 2012-11-05 Municipal domestic garbage incinerator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210436901.6A CN102889596B (en) 2012-11-05 2012-11-05 Municipal domestic garbage incinerator

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CN102889596B true CN102889596B (en) 2017-01-18

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109945194B (en) * 2019-03-06 2020-07-10 宁波蓝虹科技有限公司 Energy-saving emission-reducing system for waste treatment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4055125A (en) * 1975-04-24 1977-10-25 Kernforschungsanlage Julich Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Incinerator, especially for burning waste material
CN2837696Y (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-11-15 王明山 Energy-saving coal supply device for layered combustion boiler
CN201448851U (en) * 2009-07-17 2010-05-05 张建路 Domestic garbage gasifying incinerator
CN202074508U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-12-14 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司 Energy saving and emission reducing device for boiler and capable of secondary combustion
CN202074548U (en) * 2011-03-31 2011-12-14 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司 Stratified combustion coal feeding device for boiler

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4055125A (en) * 1975-04-24 1977-10-25 Kernforschungsanlage Julich Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Incinerator, especially for burning waste material
CN2837696Y (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-11-15 王明山 Energy-saving coal supply device for layered combustion boiler
CN201448851U (en) * 2009-07-17 2010-05-05 张建路 Domestic garbage gasifying incinerator
CN202074508U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-12-14 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司 Energy saving and emission reducing device for boiler and capable of secondary combustion
CN202074548U (en) * 2011-03-31 2011-12-14 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司 Stratified combustion coal feeding device for boiler

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