CN102889596A - Municipal domestic garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Municipal domestic garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102889596A
CN102889596A CN2012104369016A CN201210436901A CN102889596A CN 102889596 A CN102889596 A CN 102889596A CN 2012104369016 A CN2012104369016 A CN 2012104369016A CN 201210436901 A CN201210436901 A CN 201210436901A CN 102889596 A CN102889596 A CN 102889596A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat exchange
casing
pipe
flue dust
screen pack
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012104369016A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102889596B (en
Inventor
王明山
Original Assignee
青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司 filed Critical 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司
Priority to CN201210436901.6A priority Critical patent/CN102889596B/en
Publication of CN102889596A publication Critical patent/CN102889596A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102889596B publication Critical patent/CN102889596B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a municipal domestic garbage incinerator. The municipal domestic garbage incinerator comprises a box body, a soot dust inlet pipe, soot dust outlet pipe, two filtering baffle plates, a granule attachment beam, a control system and a sensing system, wherein a plurality of granule attachment columns are arranged on the granule attachment beam. The control system is positioned on the upper part of the box body; a blower is arranged in a heat exchange box; a sensor is arranged on a filter screen; and the control system is connected with the sensor and the blower through signal wires. The municipal domestic garbage incinerator is provided with the granule attachment beam, and a plurality of granule attachment columns are arranged on the granule attachment beam, so that energy conservation and emission reduction are realized effectively.

Description

The burning city domestic garbage device
Technical field:
The present invention relates to boiler manufacturing technology field, be specifically related to a kind of burning city domestic garbage device.
Background technology:
Energy savings, protection of the environment are fundamental state policies of China.At present, the enterprise of China has entered high speed development epoch, the energy-saving and emission-reduction of enterprise, and environmental protection consciousness is constantly strengthened.And governments at all levels all give top priority administering atmosphere and environmental pollution in the work of optimizing the environment for investment.
At present, China approximately has 1,200,000 burning boilers to be distributed in approximately more than 50 ten thousand boiler rooms in all parts of the country, and, these burning boiler major parts are still being used traditional stove and accessory and combustion method, these boilers can't be accomplished the as far as possible fully burning of fuel, therefore, have given off a large amount of flue dust, these flue dust enter into atmosphere, have caused the aggravation of greenhouse effects; In addition, the particle in the flue dust causes the fog occurrence probability greatly to increase in atmosphere, and these do not have clean-burning particle to be regarded waste discharge, have caused the waste of resource.So, boiler is transformed, to improve its thermal efficiency, the concentration of emission of removing and reduction flue dust and pernicious gas is imperative.In view of this Technology Need, the dust removal installations such as multitube, cyclone type, water curtain style have appearred on the market, and take water curtain style as example, there is wretched insufficiency in it, as, wasted a large amount of water resources, improved the processing cost of flue dust; Fuel gas in the flue dust and flammable grit can not reclaim again burning utilization, and the waste heat in the flue dust can not be recycled, and has reduced the thermal efficiency of boiler; And, this complex structure, production cost is high.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention overcomes the shortcoming that exists in the prior art, and a kind of burning city domestic garbage device is provided.The present invention is provided with the double medium filtration baffle plate, realizes effectively filtering; Be provided with particle and adhere to beam, be provided with some particle attachment post adhering to beam, more effectively realize energy-saving and emission-reduction; Be provided with control system and sensor-based system, so that control is more accurate.
Technical solution of the present invention is: the burning city domestic garbage device, comprise casing, flue dust inlet pipe and flue dust go out pipe, comprise that also two filtration baffle plates, particles adhere to beam, control system and sensor-based system, adhere to beam at particle and be provided with some particle attachment post, wherein, the top of described casing further is provided with heat exchange case, one end of described heat exchange case is provided with the heat exchange medium input pipe, the other end is provided with the heat exchange medium efferent duct, further be provided with back smoke pipe on the described casing, described heat exchange case, described time smoke pipe and the fastening welding of described casing; The below of described heat exchange case is provided with described flue dust and goes out pipe, further be provided with many superconducting pipes on the described heat exchange case, one end of described superconducting pipe extends to flue dust and goes out the pipe in described heat exchange case, be fastenedly connected between described superconducting pipe and the described heat exchange case; The place ahead of described flue dust inlet pipe is provided with the two-layer screen pack of sloping shape, be provided with the particle attachment post on the described screen pack, further be provided with winding sheet in the described casing, angle between described particle attachment post and the described screen pack is the 15-30 degree, the below of described flue dust inlet pipe is provided with smoke pipe described time, described winding sheet and the fastening welding of described casing, screw screws up fastening between described particle attachment post and the described screen pack; Be provided with the alumina silicate warming plate on the outer wall of described casing, be provided with steel plate on the outer wall of described alumina silicate warming plate, described steel plate, described alumina silicate warming plate, one-body molded during fabrication with described casing, further be provided with the filtration baffle plate on the described screen pack, described filtration baffle plate is positioned at the top of described winding sheet, described filtration baffle plate and described screen pack are one-body molded during fabrication, occur in pairs.Control system is positioned at casing top, and blower fan is installed in heat exchange case, and described screen pack is provided with sensor, and control system is connected with blower fan with sensor respectively by holding wire.
Be provided with service hatch on the described casing, described service hatch is positioned at a side of described time smoke pipe, and described service hatch and described casing are one-body molded during fabrication.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1) the present invention is provided with the double medium filtration baffle plate, realizes effectively filtering.
2) the present invention is provided with particle and adheres to beam, is provided with some particle attachment post adhering to beam, more effectively realizes energy-saving and emission-reduction.
3) the present invention is provided with control system and sensor-based system, so that control is more accurate.
4) heat exchange case on the casing of the present invention is arranged on the top that flue dust goes out pipe, the superconducting pipe of heat exchange case inside extends to flue dust and goes out in the pipe, one end of heat exchange case connects the heat exchange medium input pipe, the other end connects the heat exchange medium efferent duct, flue dust goes out superconducting pipe in the pipe and absorbs heat in the flue dust, superconducting pipe has taken full advantage of and has reclaimed the high-temperature residual heat that carries in the flue dust with the heat transferred heat exchange case, has greatly improved the thermal efficiency of boiler.
5) the place ahead of flue dust inlet pipe of the present invention is provided with screen pack, has both reduced the waste of the energy, has accomplished that again second-time burning is carried out in the recovery of fuel gas and particle.Namely greatly improved the thermal efficiency of boiler.
6) after flue dust discharges from the present invention, passed through the particle attachment post, the dust removal step such as screen pack greatly reduce the dust that is discharged in the atmosphere, are conducive to the protection of environment.
7) the present invention is rational in infrastructure, and production cost is low, can improve boiler thermal output 30%-55%.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
The accompanying drawing sign:
1, heat exchange medium efferent duct 2, heat exchange case 3, superconducting pipe
4, heat exchange medium input pipe 5, casing 6, screen pack
7, alumina silicate warming plate 8, particle attachment post 9, flue dust inlet pipe
10, return smoke pipe 11, service hatch 12, winding sheet
13, steel plate 14, filtration baffle plate 15, flue dust go out pipe
16, sensor 17, particle adhere to beam 18, control system
19, blower fan.
The specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be described.
As shown in Figure 1, Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Wherein, comprise casing 5, flue dust inlet pipe 9 and flue dust go out pipe 15, the top of casing 5 further is provided with heat exchange case 2, one end of heat exchange case 2 is provided with heat exchange medium input pipe 4, the other end is provided with heat exchange medium efferent duct 1, further is provided with back smoke pipe 10 on the casing 5, heat exchange case 2, time smoke pipe 10 and casing 5 fastening welding.The below of heat exchange case 2 is provided with flue dust and goes out pipe 15, further is provided with many superconducting pipes 3 on the heat exchange case 2, and an end of superconducting pipe 3 extends to flue dust and goes out the pipe 15 in heat exchange case 2, be fastenedly connected between superconducting pipe 3 and the heat exchange case 2.The place ahead of flue dust inlet pipe 9 is provided with the screen pack 6 of sloping shape, be provided with particle attachment post 8 on the screen pack 6, the casing 5 interior winding sheets 12 that further are provided with, angle between particle attachment post 8 and the screen pack 6 is the 15-30 degree, the below of flue dust inlet pipe 9 is provided with back smoke pipe 10, winding sheet 12 and casing 5 fastening welding adhere to beam 17 at particle and are provided with particle attachment post 8, and screw screws up fastening between particle attachment post 8 and the screen pack 6.Be provided with alumina silicate warming plate 7 on the outer wall of casing 5, be provided with steel plate 13 on the outer wall of alumina silicate warming plate 7, steel plate 13, alumina silicate warming plate 7, one-body molded during fabrication with casing 5, further be provided with on the screen pack 6 and filter baffle plate 14, filtration baffle plate 14 is positioned at the top of winding sheet 12, filtering baffle plate 14 has two with screen pack 6, filters baffle plate 14 one-body molded during fabrication with screen pack 6.Be provided with service hatch 11 on the casing 5, service hatch 11 is positioned at back a side of smoke pipe 10, and service hatch 11 is one-body molded during fabrication with casing 5.Open service hatch 11 and can clear up the dust that overstocks in casing 5 bottoms.
Control system 18 is positioned at casing 5 tops, and blower fan 19 is installed in heat exchange case 2, and described screen pack 6 is provided with sensor 16, and control system 18 is connected with blower fan 19 with sensor 16 respectively by holding wire.
Heat exchange case on the casing of the present invention is arranged on the top that flue dust goes out pipe, the superconducting pipe of heat exchange case inside extends to flue dust and goes out in the pipe, one end of heat exchange case connects heat exchange Jie spray input pipe, the other end connects the heat exchange medium efferent duct, flue dust goes out superconducting pipe in the pipe and absorbs heat in the flue dust, superconducting pipe (being generally copper pipe) is with the heat transferred heat exchange case, when heat exchange medium (such as water) is flowed through heat exchange case, heat exchange medium is heated, so, namely take full advantage of and reclaimed the high-temperature residual heat that carries in the flue dust, greatly improved the thermal efficiency of boiler.The place ahead of flue dust inlet pipe of the present invention is provided with screen pack, is connected with the particle attachment post on the screen pack, and flue dust enters from the flue dust inlet pipe, and imperfect combustion bulky grain is stopped by the particle attachment post and drops on the casing.Little particle is filtered net stop after, granule is fallen on the winding sheet along the filtration baffle plate on the screen pack because the gradient of winding sheet, granule also tumbles at bottom half.Imperfect combustion bulky grain and granule are blown back in the boiler along returning smoke pipe, again to accomplish that it is fully burnt under the drive of hot-fluid.So, both reduced the waste of the energy, accomplished again that second-time burning was carried out in the recovery of fuel gas and particle.Namely greatly improved the thermal efficiency of boiler.Flue dust has passed through the particle attachment post after discharging from this device, screen pack etc. go out the dirt step, greatly reduces the dust that is discharged in the atmosphere, is conducive to the protection of environment.The present invention is rational in infrastructure, and production cost is low, has realized environmental protection and energy-conservation double effects, does not add any power-equipment, need not maintenance, can improve boiler thermal output 30%-45%.In sum, advantage of the present invention is simple in structure, and is easy to use, and the thermal efficiency is high, and production cost is low, and the fuel gas in the flue dust and combustible granules can reclaim carries out second-time burning, and the heat that carries in the flue dust is fully used.

Claims (2)

1. burning city domestic garbage device, comprise casing, flue dust inlet pipe and flue dust go out pipe, it is characterized in that: comprise that also two filtration baffle plates, particles adhere to beam, control system and sensor-based system, adhere to beam at particle and be provided with some particle attachment post, wherein, the top of described casing further is provided with heat exchange case, one end of described heat exchange case is provided with the heat exchange medium input pipe, the other end is provided with the heat exchange medium input pipe, further be provided with back smoke pipe on the described casing, described heat exchange case, described time smoke pipe and the fastening welding of described casing; The below of described heat exchange case is provided with described flue dust and goes out pipe, further be provided with many superconducting pipes on the described heat exchange case, one end of described superconducting pipe extends to flue dust and goes out the pipe in described heat exchange case, be fastenedly connected between described superconducting pipe and the described heat exchange case; The place ahead of described flue dust inlet pipe is provided with the two-layer screen pack of sloping shape, be provided with the particle attachment post on the described screen pack, further be provided with winding sheet in the described casing, angle between described particle attachment post and the described screen pack is the 15-30 degree, the below of described flue dust inlet pipe is provided with smoke pipe described time, described winding sheet and the fastening welding of described casing, screw screws up fastening between described particle attachment post and the described screen pack; Be provided with the alumina silicate warming plate on the outer wall of described casing, be provided with steel plate on the outer wall of described alumina silicate warming plate, described steel plate, described alumina silicate warming plate, one-body molded during fabrication with described casing, further be provided with the filtration baffle plate on the described screen pack, described filtration baffle plate is positioned at the top of described winding sheet, described filtration baffle plate and described screen pack are one-body molded during fabrication, occur in pairs;
Control system is positioned at casing top, and blower fan is installed in heat exchange case, and described screen pack is provided with sensor, and control system is connected with blower fan with sensor respectively by holding wire.
2. described burning city domestic garbage device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with service hatch on the described casing, described service hatch is positioned at a side of described time smoke pipe, and described service hatch and described casing are one-body molded during fabrication.
CN201210436901.6A 2012-11-05 2012-11-05 Municipal domestic garbage incinerator CN102889596B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210436901.6A CN102889596B (en) 2012-11-05 2012-11-05 Municipal domestic garbage incinerator

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CN102889596B CN102889596B (en) 2017-01-18

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109945194A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-06-28 安徽汉新环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving and emission-reduction system for offal treatment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4055125A (en) * 1975-04-24 1977-10-25 Kernforschungsanlage Julich Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Incinerator, especially for burning waste material
CN2837696Y (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-11-15 王明山 Energy-saving coal supply device for layered combustion boiler
CN201448851U (en) * 2009-07-17 2010-05-05 张建路 Domestic garbage gasifying incinerator
CN202074508U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-12-14 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司 Energy saving and emission reducing device for boiler and capable of secondary combustion
CN202074548U (en) * 2011-03-31 2011-12-14 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司 Stratified combustion coal feeding device for boiler

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4055125A (en) * 1975-04-24 1977-10-25 Kernforschungsanlage Julich Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Incinerator, especially for burning waste material
CN2837696Y (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-11-15 王明山 Energy-saving coal supply device for layered combustion boiler
CN201448851U (en) * 2009-07-17 2010-05-05 张建路 Domestic garbage gasifying incinerator
CN202074508U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-12-14 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司 Energy saving and emission reducing device for boiler and capable of secondary combustion
CN202074548U (en) * 2011-03-31 2011-12-14 青岛华泰锅炉热电设备有限公司 Stratified combustion coal feeding device for boiler

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109945194A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-06-28 安徽汉新环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving and emission-reduction system for offal treatment
CN109945194B (en) * 2019-03-06 2020-07-10 宁波蓝虹科技有限公司 Energy-saving emission-reducing system for waste treatment

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