CN102888900B - Light heat preservation silicon and calcium compound plate - Google Patents

Light heat preservation silicon and calcium compound plate Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102888900B
CN102888900B CN201210333435.9A CN201210333435A CN102888900B CN 102888900 B CN102888900 B CN 102888900B CN 201210333435 A CN201210333435 A CN 201210333435A CN 102888900 B CN102888900 B CN 102888900B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
powder
plate
insulating
silico
Prior art date
Application number
CN201210333435.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102888900A (en
Inventor
陈廷武
Original Assignee
宿州市皖安新型环保建材有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 宿州市皖安新型环保建材有限公司 filed Critical 宿州市皖安新型环保建材有限公司
Priority to CN201210333435.9A priority Critical patent/CN102888900B/en
Publication of CN102888900A publication Critical patent/CN102888900A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102888900B publication Critical patent/CN102888900B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a light heat preservation silicon and calcium compound plate, which consists of an outer layer structure and an inner layer structure. The plate is manufactured by waste coal ash generated by local rich coal mine resources and crop stalks, so that waste is recovered, and the plate is beneficial to environment friendliness. The plate takes inorganic substances such as powder quartz, quartz sand, sanding powder and the like as main raw materials, has the advantages of high strength, aging resistance, ultraviolet resistance, water resistance, fire prevention, heat preservation and the like, is widely applied, does not have toxic or side effect and is pollution-free.

Description

The compound silico-calcium composite plate of a kind of light thermal-insulating
Technical field
The present invention relates to the compound silico-calcium composite plate of a kind of light thermal-insulating, belong to the technical field of novel wall material.
Background technology
Calcium silicate board with microporous claims again gypsum composite board, is a kind of multicomponent material, is generally composited by natural gesso, white cement, glue, glass fiber.There is fire prevention, protection against the tide, sound insulation, the performance such as heat insulation, can attract water in air molecule, air dry time, can discharge again hydrone in the situation that of room air humidity, can suitably regulate Indoor Dry, humidity, increase comfort.Plaster of paris goods are again superfine fire proofing materials, in flame, can produce endothermic reaction, meanwhile, discharge hydrone and stop fire spreading, and can not decompose any poisonous, rodent, the suffocative gas of generation, can not produce any oxidizer or flue gas yet.
There is easily the shortcomings such as aging, poor dimensional stability, unreasonable structure, heat-insulating property be poor in the calcium silicate board with microporous produced at present.Recently; building fire frequently occurs; people are had higher requirement to the fireproof performance of heat insulating material; flyash and calcium carbide mud are applicable to make fire-type heat insulating material; utilize carbide slag and flyash to produce Outwall thermal insulation board, can utilize industrial waste carbide slag and flyash, be conducive to economize on resources, protection of the environment;, and for developing new product in novel wall material field.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of light thermal-insulating compound silico-calcium composite plate, it is made up of outer and two kinds of structures of internal layer, has thermal insulation, an advantage such as ageing-resistant, intensity good, economical environment-protective.
For reaching above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate, is characterized in that, it is made up of top layer and two kinds of structures of internal layer, and the weight portion of its two kinds of structure constitutive materials is respectively:
Top layer:
Flyash 30-40, quartz sand 10-15, sanding powder 5-10, calcium carbide mud 10-15, magnesia 20-30, magnesium chloride 15-20, cement 30-40, modified pearl rock dust 10-20, glass fiber 2-5,
Described modified pearl rock is made by following method: crushed crude pearlite is added in high-speed kneading machine, preheating and drying is to 100-120 DEG C, add again 2-3% ammoniacal liquor and 0.2-0.5% silane coupler WD-70 to stir 20-30min, oven dry grinds to form 200-250 order powder, when wherein high-speed kneading machine stirs, rotating speed is 800-1000r/min
Internal layer:
Colliery powder 40-50, slag 20-30, konilite 20-25, rice husk 10-20, straw 20-30, sulphate aluminium cement 20-30, modified aluminium alumina 10-15, blowing agent 5-8,
Described modified aluminium alumina is made by following method: bauxite, light-magnesite powder and bauxite spinelle mix by 1-2:1-2:1 part by weight, at 700-800 DEG C, calcine 3-4h, after grind to form 200-300 order powder, admixing the polyvinylpyrrolidone that is equivalent to powder weight 1-2% stirs, dry, be ground into powder.
The preparation method of described light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) first straw is dropped in mill and pulverized, particle is controlled at 2-3mm;
(2) will flyash, quartz sand, sanding powder etc. stir in raw material input high-speed mixer by top layer formulation ratio, form compound, then add the water of the 30-40% of raw material components gross weight to be uniformly mixed to make top layer slurry for subsequent use at compound;
(3) will in the raw material input high-speed mixers such as colliery powder, slag, konilite, rice husk, stir by internal layer formulation ratio, form compound, add the water of the 35-45% of raw material components gross weight to be uniformly mixed at compound again and make mixed slurry, fully stir and form blank, blank is injected to mould and solidify at 40-45 DEG C of thermophilic, after solidifying, sheet material base substrate is sent in dry kiln, at 120-130 DEG C of temperature, be dried to moisture content < 5%, make internal layer foaming plate;
(4) first at one deck top layer, template upper berth slurry, above the internal layer foaming plate of making is placed on, between plate, leave the distance of 20-25 centimetre, top layer slurry is poured into the space between plate, internal layer foaming plate Surface mulch last layer top layer slurry, front-back all covers last layer top layer slurry, natural coagulation sizing, the thermostatic chamber of inserting again 50-65 DEG C carries out humidifying maintenance, can be made into the light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate that can be used as materials for wall.
The rotating speed of described high-speed mixer is 150-200r/min.
Described blowing agent is neopelex.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
Waste material flyash and straw that colliery resource generation is enriched in the compound silico-calcium composite plate utilization of light thermal-insulating of the present invention locality are made, and accomplish twice laid, are conducive to environmental protection.The compound silico-calcium composite plate of light thermal-insulating that the present invention produces is made up of outer and two kinds of structures of internal layer, adopting the inorganic matters such as konilite, quartz sand, sanding powder is primary raw material, there is the advantages such as intensity is high, ageing-resistant, uvioresistant, water-tolerant, fireproof heat insulating, of many uses, have no side effect, nuisanceless.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.
Embodiment
A kind of light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate, it is made up of top layer and two kinds of structures of internal layer, and the weight portion of its two kinds of structure constitutive materials is respectively:
Top layer:
40 parts, flyash, 15 parts of quartz sands, 10 parts of sanding powders, 15 parts, calcium carbide mud, 30 parts, magnesia, 20 parts, magnesium chloride, 40 parts of cement, 20 parts of modified pearl rock dust, 5 parts of glass fiber,
Described modified pearl rock is made by following method: crushed crude pearlite is added in high-speed kneading machine, preheating and drying to 120 DEG C, add again 2.5% ammoniacal liquor and 0.3% silane coupler WD-70 to stir 30min, oven dry grinds to form 250 order powder, when wherein high-speed kneading machine stirs, rotating speed is 800r/min
Internal layer:
50 parts of colliery powders, 30 parts, slag, 25 parts of konilites, 20 parts, rice husk, 30 parts of straws, 30 parts of sulphate aluminium cements, 15 parts, modified aluminium alumina, 8 parts of blowing agents,
Described modified aluminium alumina is made by following method: bauxite, light-magnesite powder and bauxite spinelle mix by 2:2:1 part by weight, at 800 DEG C, calcine 4h, after grind to form 300 order powder, admixing the polyvinylpyrrolidone that is equivalent to powder weight 2% stirs, dry, be ground into powder.
The preparation method of described light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate, comprises the following steps:
(1) first straw is dropped in mill and pulverized, particle is controlled at 3mm;
(2) will flyash, quartz sand, sanding powder etc. stir in raw material input high-speed mixer by top layer formulation ratio, form compound, then add 35% water of raw material components gross weight to be uniformly mixed to make top layer slurry for subsequent use at compound;
(3) will in the raw material input high-speed mixers such as colliery powder, slag, konilite, rice husk, stir by internal layer formulation ratio, form compound, add 40% water of raw material components gross weight to be uniformly mixed at compound again and make mixed slurry, fully stir and form blank, blank is injected to mould and solidify at 45 DEG C of thermophilics, after solidifying, sheet material base substrate is sent in dry kiln, at 125 DEG C of temperature, is dried to moisture content < 5%, makes internal layer foaming plate;
(4) first at one deck top layer, template upper berth slurry, above the internal layer foaming plate of making is placed on, between plate, leave the distance of 20 centimetres, top layer slurry is poured into the space between plate, internal layer foaming plate Surface mulch last layer top layer slurry, front-back all covers last layer top layer slurry, natural coagulation sizing, the thermostatic chamber of inserting again 60 DEG C carries out humidifying maintenance, can be made into the light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate that can be used as materials for wall.
Wherein, the rotating speed of described high-speed mixer is 180r/min.
Blowing agent is neopelex.
The made light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate property indices of the present embodiment is:
Proportion (g/cm3): 0.79, coefficient of thermal conductivity w/ (wk): 0.18,
Fire prevention temperature (DEG C) :-20-400, compressive strength (MPa): 9.16,
Tensile strength (MPa): 3.2 MOR (Mpa): 8.24
Mass loss rate is not more than 5%, and loss of strength rate is not more than 20%.

Claims (4)

1. a light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate, is characterized in that, it is made up of top layer and two kinds of structures of internal layer, and the weight portion of its two kinds of structure constitutive materials is respectively:
Top layer:
Flyash 30-40, quartz sand 10-15, sanding powder 5-10, calcium carbide mud 10-15, magnesia 20-30, magnesium chloride 15-20, cement 30-40, modified pearl rock dust 10-20, glass fiber 2-5,
Described modified pearl rock is made by following method: crushed crude pearlite is added in high-speed kneading machine, preheating and drying is to 100-120 DEG C, add again 2-3% ammoniacal liquor and 0.2-0.5% silane coupler WD-70 to stir 20-30min, oven dry grinds to form 200-250 order powder, when wherein high-speed kneading machine stirs, rotating speed is 800-1000r/min
Internal layer:
Colliery powder 40-50, slag 20-30, konilite 20-25, rice husk 10-20, straw 20-30, sulphate aluminium cement 20-30, modified aluminium alumina 10-15, blowing agent 5-8,
Described modified aluminium alumina is made by following method: bauxite, light-magnesite powder and bauxite spinelle mix by 1-2:1-2:1 part by weight, at 700-800 DEG C, calcine 3-4h, after grind to form 200-300 order powder, admixing the polyvinylpyrrolidone that is equivalent to powder weight 1-2% stirs, dry, be ground into powder.
2. a preparation method for light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) first straw is dropped in mill and pulverized, particle is controlled at 2-3mm;
(2) will in raw meal coal ash, quartz sand, sanding powder, calcium carbide mud, magnesia, magnesium chloride, cement, modified pearl rock dust and glass fiber input high-speed mixer, stir by top layer formulation ratio, form compound, then add the water of the 30-40% of raw material components gross weight to be uniformly mixed to make top layer slurry for subsequent use at compound;
(3) press internal layer formulation ratio by colliery powder, slag, konilite, rice husk, the straw that step (1) is pulverized, sulphate aluminium cement, in modified aluminium alumina and blowing agent input high-speed mixer, stir, form compound, add the water of the 35-45% of raw material components gross weight to be uniformly mixed at compound again and make mixed slurry, fully stir and form blank, blank is injected to mould and solidify at 40-45 DEG C of thermophilic, after solidifying, sheet material base substrate is sent in dry kiln, at 120-130 DEG C of temperature, be dried to moisture content < 5%, make internal layer foaming plate,
(4) first at one deck top layer, template upper berth slurry, above the internal layer foaming plate of making is placed on, between plate, leave the distance of 20-25 centimetre, top layer slurry is poured into the space between plate, internal layer foaming plate Surface mulch last layer top layer slurry, front-back all covers last layer top layer slurry, natural coagulation sizing, the thermostatic chamber of inserting again 50-65 DEG C carries out humidifying maintenance, can be made into the light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate that can be used as materials for wall.
3. the preparation method of light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the rotating speed of described high-speed mixer is 150-200r/min.
4. the preparation method of light thermal-insulating silico-calcium composite plate according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described blowing agent is neopelex.
CN201210333435.9A 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Light heat preservation silicon and calcium compound plate CN102888900B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210333435.9A CN102888900B (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Light heat preservation silicon and calcium compound plate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210333435.9A CN102888900B (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Light heat preservation silicon and calcium compound plate

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102888900A CN102888900A (en) 2013-01-23
CN102888900B true CN102888900B (en) 2014-10-22

Family

ID=47532567

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210333435.9A CN102888900B (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Light heat preservation silicon and calcium compound plate

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102888900B (en)

Families Citing this family (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103588436A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-02-19 重庆民生建材厂 High-molecular thermal insulation board and manufacture method
CN103723957B (en) * 2013-12-10 2016-03-02 中铁四局集团钢结构有限公司 A kind of energy-saving light-weight composite sand wiched wall board core material
CN103741867B (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-10-21 王东彬 The imitative aluminium sheet body of wall that a kind of aluminium silicon composite material is made and preparation technology thereof
CN103921331B (en) * 2014-04-17 2016-11-23 浙江先锋教育设备有限公司 A kind of process for making of testing stand panel
CN104074325B (en) * 2014-06-05 2016-05-18 安徽中益新材料科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of energy-accumulating luminous decorative panel
CN104591642B (en) * 2014-12-23 2017-01-04 沈阳理工大学 A kind of insulation and the preparation method of antinoise foam cement product
CN105130273A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-12-09 常州市诺金精密机械有限公司 Modified oil-resistant emery board produced from power plant waste residues, and production technology thereof
CN105130279A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-12-09 常州市诺金精密机械有限公司 Oil and water resistant waste residue sheet and production method thereof
CN105133782B (en) * 2015-08-21 2017-05-10 河北建筑工程学院 Straw sandwich calcium silicate composite board and preparation method thereof
CN105218050A (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-01-06 郑州航空工业管理学院 A kind of warming plate and preparation method thereof
CN106273831A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-01-04 卓达新材料科技集团威海股份有限公司 A kind of hot-forming gangue building waste sheet material
CN107186855A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-22 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of agricultural stalk regeneration fire preventing and heat insulating board and preparation method thereof
CN108484020A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-09-04 合肥尚涵装饰工程有限公司 Impervious ultra-fine perfusion mortar of one kind and preparation method thereof
CN108439866A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-08-24 安徽宏志建材科技有限公司 Board light-duty thermal composite board production and mounting process and method
CN109456013A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-12 济南大学 Cement ceiling board and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1468706A (en) * 2002-07-17 2004-01-21 丁玉峒 Light composite flyash-calcium silicate board
CN101831981A (en) * 2009-03-09 2010-09-15 黄丹平 Composite light building block and preparation method thereof

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7748454B2 (en) * 2008-04-28 2010-07-06 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Gelation inhibiting retarders for highly reactive calcium silicate based binder compositions and methods of making and using same

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1468706A (en) * 2002-07-17 2004-01-21 丁玉峒 Light composite flyash-calcium silicate board
CN101831981A (en) * 2009-03-09 2010-09-15 黄丹平 Composite light building block and preparation method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102888900A (en) 2013-01-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102515824B (en) Super-light foam cement concrete and preparation method thereof
CN105218146B (en) A kind of low-density foamed concrete of heat preservation and soundproof
JP6332988B2 (en) Refractory mortar
CN104017413B (en) A kind of interior wall heat preservation putty and using method thereof
CN103524091B (en) The non-evaporating preparation method supporting ultralight foamed concrete of flyash in great mixed amount
CN102285778B (en) Ultra-light cement-based composite foaming material and preparation method thereof
CN103664114B (en) Self-heat-insulating fly ash autoclaved aerated concrete block and preparation method thereof
CN103992091B (en) A kind of light-high-strength aerated bricks and preparation method thereof
CN101439955B (en) Preparation of 06 grade gypsum based autoclave-free aerated concrete building blocks
CN104016633A (en) Exterior wall color surface decoration mortar and preparation method thereof
CN102942381B (en) Light building material prepared by using iron tailing and preparation method of light building material
CN105367024B (en) A kind of external-wall heat-insulation material
CN103121824B (en) Self-heat preservation building block produced by using industrial byproduct gypsum and preparation method thereof
CN103723991B (en) A kind of heat insulation heat preservation energy-saving material
CN101628802B (en) Composite inorganic heat insulation and waterproof mortar and application thereof
CN102875071B (en) Boron slag aerated brick and preparation method thereof
ES2319075B2 (en) Boards for low energy incorporated tabiques and methods for manufacturing.
CN104529330B (en) A kind of environment-friendly fireproof dry powder for inner wall mortar
CN102875070A (en) Acetylene sludge aerated concrete block and preparation method thereof
CN104261776B (en) A kind of construction material of insulation and preparation method thereof
US20080286609A1 (en) Low embodied energy wallboards and methods of making same
CN103864384A (en) Fireproof moth-proof thermal mortar and preparation method thereof
CN102951878A (en) Lightweight concrete exterior wall insulation building block and production method thereof
CN104446234A (en) Alkali-efflorescence-free high-waterproofness dry-powder tile joint mixture
CN101786811B (en) Method for preparing multicomponent powder binding material

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141022

Termination date: 20150911