CN102877267A - Motor and decelerating clutch component - Google Patents

Motor and decelerating clutch component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102877267A
CN102877267A CN2012103962131A CN201210396213A CN102877267A CN 102877267 A CN102877267 A CN 102877267A CN 2012103962131 A CN2012103962131 A CN 2012103962131A CN 201210396213 A CN201210396213 A CN 201210396213A CN 102877267 A CN102877267 A CN 102877267A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
clutch
gear
output
speed
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Granted
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CN2012103962131A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102877267B (en
Inventor
刘晓辉
陈昌
胡义明
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Changzhou Sinya Motor Co., Ltd.
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CHANGZHOU MASTER MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201210396213.1A priority Critical patent/CN102877267B/en
Publication of CN102877267A publication Critical patent/CN102877267A/en
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Publication of CN102877267B publication Critical patent/CN102877267B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a motor and a decelerating clutch component. The decelerating clutch component comprises a gear deceleration mechanism 200, a clutch mechanism 300 and a mounting shell 400, wherein the gear deceleration mechanism 200 performs deceleration output on the motor 100; the clutch mechanism 300 is connected with the gear deceleration mechanism 200 to selectively realize the function of performing deceleration output on the motor 100 by the gear deceleration mechanism, so that the motor 100 is switched between deceleration output and non-deceleration output; the motor and the decelerating clutch component 3 realize the mounting connection between own components and/or between the own components and the other external components through the mounting shell 400; and a sun wheel 210 of the gear deceleration mechanism is directly fixedly arranged on a rotor 110 of the motor. Through the motor and the decelerating clutch component, the occupation of the mounting volume is effectively and greatly reduced, the production and manufacturing cost is reduced, and the application range is wide.

Description

A kind of motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly, especially be fit to be applied to the washing machine field.
Background technology
As everyone knows, in the washing machine field, be installed in the motor of washing machine internal and speed-reducing clutch and be connected and realize driving function to washing machine as the driving mechanism of washing machine.How to satisfy under the prerequisite of performance, constantly reducing the installation volume of driving mechanism for washing machine or space hold and manufacturing cost thereof and become the two large technical problems that washing machine manufacturer in recent years endeavours to pursue.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, domestic have more Patents technology open, but mostly still rest on the optimization localized design, and these contributions for this area remain very little.The applicant and other applicant of being associated are in order to solve these technical problems, since 2010, tens patent applications have been proposed, made largely contribution for solving above two large technical problems, comparatively typically have: be that the Chinese invention patent of CN102345219A discloses a kind of speed reducing shaft clutch for washing machine such as patent publication No., have driving shaft and propeller shaft sleeve, driving shaft has driving shaft and the power transmission shaft of the coaxial setting of above-below direction, driving shaft is connected with drive motors, its arranged outside planetary wheeling assembly, planetary wheeling assembly has the planetary gear retainer, be arranged on the planetary gear retainer, and the planetary gear that is meshed with driving shaft and the planetary gear external toothing that is arranged on the planetary gear outer ring and is meshed with planetary gear, the planetary gear external toothing is connected with power transmission shaft, planetary gear external toothing outside socket profile of tooth clutch ring, spline fitted and above-below direction are slidingly connected between profile of tooth clutch ring and the planetary gear external toothing, profile of tooth clutch ring lower end is provided with gear shaping, profile of tooth clutch ring below is provided with the slot dish that is fixedly connected with driving shaft, the slot dish is provided with the slot that matches with profile of tooth clutch ring lower end gear shaping, and profile of tooth clutch ring top is provided with solenoid.Yet its motor still need arrange two independently driving shaft and power transmission shafts, and subsequent production more needs related fittings and installation procedure thus, when increasing the cost load, has increased especially taking of installation volume.
And for example patent publication No. is that the Chinese invention patent application of CN102677427A discloses a kind of washing machine driver, comprise motor, wash shaft, be sleeved on dehydration axle sleeve and gear reduction on the described wash shaft, it is inner and affixed with the output gear of described gear reduction that described wash shaft is coaxially installed on the rotor of described motor, and the input gear axle of described gear reduction is plugged in the axis hole of described rotor.Because the input gear axle of gear reduction is inserted in the axis hole of rotor, make rotor as the tooth rest of gear reduction, effectively gear reduction and motor are become one, thereby reduced the axial dimension of washing machine driver, so that this washing machine driver is simple and compact for structure, take up room little.Although this structure has reduced axial dimension, or because its operation principle is directly as the input gear axle with rotor, be only suitable for using and the gear with small teeth difference mechanism that does not have sun gear, range of application is restricted, and the defectives such as the transmission efficiency that few poor gear mechanism itself exists is low, so the proposition of this patent still can not be satisfied the widespread demand in the reality.
Under this technical background, along with the applicant gropes to seek a kind of both taking up room and manufacturing cost of effectively low driving mechanism for washing machine in the constantly research of this area, and motor applied widely and speed-reducing clutch assembly are used as the driving mechanism of washing machine.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly, that has effectively significantly reduced installation volume takies, has reduced manufacturing cost, and applied widely.
Because comprising the planet gear reducing mechanism of sun gear etc. is used widely at the washing machine transmission field, as by internal gear, sun gear, planetary gear, the NGW type planet circular system that the parts such as planet carrier form etc., it is high that it has the transmission effect, drive connection is stable, low cost and other advantages, yet it is as the deceleration output block of motor, it with the mounting structure of motor all is always: motor is fixedly connected with output shaft, output shaft is direct or pass through belt pulley indirectly with the sun gear of transmission of power to gear reduction, although multinomial parts for gear reduction itself improve to reduce taking of its installation volume in the prior art, yet along with demand improves constantly, prior art all can not practical requirement for improvement and the thinking of gear reduction on installation volume, and we must seek new breakthrough or new approaches at the gear reduction mounting structure.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly, comprise motor and speed-reducing clutch, described speed-reducing clutch comprises gear reduction, clutch and holder housing, described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor, described clutch is connected with described gear reduction optionally to realize that described gear reduction is to the slow down function of output of described motor, and then realize that described motor is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output, described motor is connected by described holder housing realization self parts and/or its installation with outside other parts with the speed-reducing clutch assembly, and wherein: the sun gear of described gear reduction directly is fixedly installed on the rotor of described motor.
The core technology point of motor of the present invention and speed-reducing clutch assembly is: propose first the sun gear of gear reduction directly is fixedly installed on the rotor of motor, realize namely that directly rotor by motor is to the sun gear transferring power, cancelled in the prior art and having transmitted by intermediate members such as " output shaft or output shaft and belt pulleys ", farthest shortened power transfer path, the installation volume that the mounting structure that the present invention proposes greatly reduces motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly takies, again owing to having removed a plurality of intermediate power transferring elements, thereby reduced manufacturing cost, while is extremely short owing to power transfer path, and then has improved the transmission efficiency of motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly.
Described sun gear can directly one machine-shaping on the rotor of described motor; Also can directly be fixed on the rotor of described motor by fixed connecting piece, fixed connecting piece can be screw, rivet or other conventional connector.
Preferably, described gear reduction comprises sun gear, internal gear, mesh simultaneously between described sun gear and described internal gear and with described sun gear, internal gear planetary gear, planet carrier, output shaft, described planetary gear can be installed on the described planet carrier by relatively described planet carrier by planet axis with being rotated, and described planet carrier is fixedly connected with described output shaft.
Preferably, described clutch is electromagnetic clutch mechanism, when described decelerating through motor output, the clutch gear ring of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism is subject to electromagnetic force or reset force so that described gear reduction is in non-locked state, described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor, when the non-deceleration output of described motor, described clutch gear ring is subject to reset force or electromagnetic force so that the sealed rigid unitary that becomes of described gear reduction no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor, and then realizes that described motor is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output.
The basic functional principle of electromagnetic clutch mechanism of the present invention is: the clutch gear ring of electromagnetic clutch mechanism according to the combination of electromagnetic force and reset force so that gear reduction of the present invention between " realizing the deceleration output to motor " and " sealed become rigid unitary no longer motor is slowed down output ", change, thereby realize that motor exports and the conversion of non-deceleration between exporting slowing down.
The combination mode of electromagnetic force of the present invention and reset force can be selected according to real needs.
The invention allows for the electromagnetic clutch mechanism of the preferred motor of the first and speed-reducing clutch assembly, described speed-reducing clutch comprises gear reduction, electromagnetic clutch mechanism, holder housing, and the technical scheme of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism is:
Described electromagnetic clutch mechanism comprises electromagnetic coil assembly, the clutch gear ring, meshing part, lower component, described electromagnetic coil assembly is positioned at described clutch gear ring side, described clutch gear ring inboard is provided with the engagement internal tooth, the described meshing part outside is provided with the engagement external tooth, described clutch gear ring is connected on the described meshing part outside by the engaging sleeve of described engagement internal tooth and described engagement external tooth, and described clutch gear ring can move up and down along described meshing part, the internal gear of described gear reduction is as described meshing part, the planet carrier of described gear reduction is as described lower component, described clutch gear ring under the reset force effect that electromagnetic force that described electromagnetic coil assembly produces and other parts produce along described internal gear can move up and down separate with described planet carrier or secure fit optionally realizing described gear reduction to the described motor function of output of slowing down, and then realize that described motor exports and the conversion of non-deceleration between exporting slowing down; The clutch gear ring of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism can move with planet carrier up and down along internal gear and separate or secure fit, avoided existing electromagnetic clutch mechanism that lower component need be set separately, and saved relevant manufacturing procedure, thereby reduced manufacturing cost, greatly reduced especially simultaneously the taking of installation volume of electromagnetic clutch mechanism.
Natch, electromagnetic clutch mechanism of the present invention also can adopt any one electromagnetic clutch mechanism in the prior art, as adopting formerly patent 201010242614.2 disclosed electromagnetic clutch mechanisms of the applicant.
Because the disclosed electromagnetic clutch mechanism of prior art is: when gear reduction slows down output to motor, its solenoid is "on" position, and become rigid unitary and no longer motor is slowed down when output when gear reduction is sealed, its solenoid is off-position, and because in actual applications, " gear reduction to motor slow down output " is as conventional duty, namely require solenoid need be in for a long time "on" position, therefore the energy consumption of the electromagnetic clutch mechanism of prior art is always higher, also be affected the service life of solenoid simultaneously, under this background, the invention allows for the electromagnetic clutch mechanism of the preferred motor of the second and speed-reducing clutch assembly, described speed-reducing clutch comprises gear reduction, electromagnetic clutch mechanism, holder housing, the technical scheme of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism is:
When solenoid cuts off the power supply, the clutch gear ring of described gear reduction is subject to reset force so that described gear reduction is in non-locked state, described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor, when solenoid is switched on, described clutch gear ring is subject to electromagnetic force, and overcome reset force so that the sealed rigid unitary that becomes of described gear reduction no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor, and then realize that described motor is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output, realized simply under the duty of routine, the solenoid of electromagnetic clutch mechanism is off-position, greatly reduce the energy consumption of electromagnetic clutch mechanism, improved simultaneously the service life of electromagnetic clutch mechanism.
Natch, the electromagnetic clutch mechanism of the electromagnetic clutch mechanism of the preferred motor of described the first and speed-reducing clutch assembly and the preferred motor of described the second and speed-reducing clutch assembly can also be incorporated into enforcement usefulness, and technique effect is better.The invention allows for the multinomial optimal technical scheme of the electromagnetic clutch mechanism of motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly:
Preferably, when described gear reduction slowed down output to described motor, described clutch gear ring was in the state of being fixed.Preferably, when described gear reduction slowed down output to described motor, described clutch gear ring was in the on-fixed state.When described clutch gear ring is in when being fixed state, so that described gear reduction is single power deceleration output state, the deceleration output block is the output shaft of described gear reduction; When described clutch gear ring was in the on-fixed state, so that described gear reduction is composite power deceleration output state, the deceleration output block can be output shaft and the output sleeve of described gear reduction.
In order to ensure the stability of the secure fit between clutch gear ring of the present invention and the planet carrier, preferably, described clutch gear ring lower end is provided with at least 2 projections, described planet carrier be provided with can with the slot of described projection secure fit; More preferably, described clutch gear ring lower end is provided with 4-6 projection.
In order to realize that described clutch gear ring is when being in released state with planet carrier, guarantee that the clutch gear ring is in the state of being fixed, to realize the single power deceleration way of output of deceleration output block, preferably, also comprise component, described holder housing is as described upper component, described clutch gear ring under the reset force effect that electromagnetic force that described electromagnetic coil assembly produces and other parts produce along described internal gear can move up and down select one with described holder housing and described planet carrier secure fit optionally realizing described gear reduction to the described motor function of output of slowing down, and then realize the conversion of described motor between slow down output and non-deceleration are exported.
Stability in order to ensure the secure fit between clutch gear ring of the present invention and the holder housing, preferably, described clutch gear ring upper end is provided with at least 2 double wedges, described holder housing or described electromagnetic coil assembly be provided with can with the groove of described double wedge secure fit; More be preferably, described clutch gear ring upper end is provided with 4-12 double wedge.Of the present inventionly can be arranged on holder housing for the groove with the double wedge secure fit, also can be set directly on the associated components of electromagnetic coil assembly, can specifically arrange according to actual installation, cooperate as long as realize direct or indirect being fixed with holder housing of clutch gear ring.
Preferably, described electromagnetic coil assembly comprises solenoid, coil holder, coil retainer, described solenoid winding is on described coil holder, described coil holder is positioned at described coil retainer, described coil retainer is fixed on the described holder housing, forms closed magnetic circuit between described coil retainer, described clutch gear ring and/or the described holder housing.
The fixed form that coil retainer of the present invention is fixed on the described holder housing can be that the riveted punching press connects, and described coil holder can be integrated moulding.In order to locate the lead-out wire of solenoid, prevent lead-out wire from described holder housing, carrying out displacement and sustain damage, more preferably, be socketed with sleeve pipe on the lead-out wire of described solenoid, by between coil retainer and the described holder housing be fixedly connected with that sleeve pipe on the lead-out wire that technique will be socketed in solenoid is positioned in the described holder housing or outer, thereby avoid the lead-out wire of solenoid to sustain damage.Further preferably, for fear of in the coiling process of solenoid on coil holder, friction causes solenoid to sustain damage owing to occuring constantly between the two, also insulating tape can be set on the solenoid, to avoid the generation of this situation.
When holder housing of the present invention is permeability magnetic material when making, form closed magnetic circuit between described coil retainer, described clutch gear ring and the described holder housing, and then when described solenoid energising, described clutch gear ring is produced electromagnetic force.
When in order to reduce the manufacturing cost of described holder housing, described holder housing is adopted aluminum casting, when being non-magnet material and making, form closed magnetic circuit between described coil retainer and the described clutch gear ring, and then when described solenoid energising, described clutch gear ring is produced electromagnetic force; Concrete technical scheme can adopt: described coil retainer comprises coil retainer loam cake and the coil retainer lower cover that is connected to one, and forms closed magnetic circuit between described coil retainer loam cake, described coil retainer lower cover and the clutch gear ring.
Preferably, fixed cover is connected to spring on the described clutch gear ring, and described spring produces reset force to described clutch gear ring.Natch, also can adopt other parts to produce reset force, the gravity of described clutch gear ring itself also can be described as reset force.
Preferably, when solenoid cuts off the power supply, described clutch gear ring is subject to reset force so that described clutch gear ring and described planet carrier are in released state, described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor, when solenoid is switched on, described clutch gear ring is subject to electromagnetic force, and overcome reset force and move down and described planet carrier secure fit along described internal gear, described gear reduction is sealed to become rigid unitary no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor, and then realizes that described motor is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output.
Preferably, when solenoid cuts off the power supply, described clutch gear ring be subject to reset force so that described clutch gear ring and described planet carrier be in released state and with described holder housing secure fit, described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor, when solenoid is switched on, described clutch gear ring is subject to electromagnetic force, and overcome reset force and move down and the planet carrier secure fit along internal gear, described gear reduction is sealed to become rigid unitary no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor, and then realizes that described motor is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output.
When the preferred electromagnetic clutch mechanism of the above-mentioned the first of the present invention is applied to washing machine, can be by the following technical solutions:
Comprise dehydration part, washing components, described dehydration part is fixedly connected with described internal gear by the output sleeve of described gear reduction, described washing components is fixedly connected with the output shaft of described gear reduction, during the washing operating mode, described clutch gear ring and described planet carrier are in released state, described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor, during dehydration condition, described clutch gear ring and described planet carrier secure fit, described gear reduction is sealed to become rigid unitary no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor, the common High Rotation Speed of described output sleeve and output shaft, and then realize the conversion of washing machine between washing operating mode and dehydration condition.
When the preferred electromagnetic clutch mechanism of the above-mentioned the second of the present invention is applied to washing machine, can be by the following technical solutions:
Comprise dehydration part, washing components, described dehydration part is fixedly connected with the internal gear of described gear reduction by the output sleeve of described gear reduction, described washing components is fixedly connected with the output shaft of described gear reduction, described electromagnetic clutch mechanism is connected with described gear reduction optionally to realize that described gear reduction is to the slow down function of output of described motor, during the washing operating mode, the solenoid outage, described clutch gear ring is subject to reset force so that gear reduction is in non-locked state, described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor, during dehydration condition, the solenoid energising, described clutch gear ring is subject to electromagnetic force, and overcome reset force so that the sealed rigid unitary that becomes of described gear reduction no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor, described output sleeve and the common High Rotation Speed of described output shaft, and then realize the conversion of washing machine between washing operating mode and dehydration condition.
Preferably, when the washing operating mode, described clutch gear ring is in the state of being fixed, and described output shaft is as the deceleration output block, and described gear reduction is single power deceleration output state.Preferably, when the washing operating mode, described clutch gear ring is in the on-fixed state, and described output sleeve and described output shaft are simultaneously as the deceleration output block, and described gear reduction is composite power deceleration output state.
In order to realize composite power of the present invention output, as when being applied to the washing machine field, preferably, described gear reduction also comprises output sleeve, and described output sleeve is sleeved on the described output shaft, and is fixedly connected with described internal gear.
Further, when demand is composite power deceleration output, when described clutch gear ring is socketed on the internal gear of gear reduction movably, can be set to the on-fixed state by described internal gear, thereby the output shaft of gear reduction and output sleeve be simultaneously as the deceleration output block, namely realizes the composite power output of slowing down.
Natch, described clutch also can adopt mechanical clutch mechanism, described mechanical clutch mechanism comprises brake apparatus and the arrangement of clutch by external impetus control, brake apparatus and arrangement of clutch are selectively realized gear reduction to the deceleration output function of motor by cooperating, and then realize the conversion of motor between slow down output and non-deceleration are exported.
When above-described motor and speed-reducing clutch component application during in the washing machine field, namely obtain a kind of washing machine motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly, its technical scheme is:
A kind of washing machine motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly, comprise motor and speed-reducing clutch, described speed-reducing clutch comprises gear reduction, clutch and holder housing, described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor, described gear reduction comprises output sleeve and output shaft, described output sleeve is fixedly connected with washing components with the dehydration part of washing machine respectively with described output shaft, described clutch is connected with described gear reduction optionally to realize that described gear reduction is to the slow down function of output of described motor, and then realize that washing machine is in the conversion of washing between operating mode and the dehydration condition, described motor is connected by described holder housing realization self parts and/or its installation with other parts of washing machine with the speed-reducing clutch assembly, and wherein: the sun gear of described gear reduction directly is fixedly installed on the rotor of described motor.
The basic functional principle of washing machine motor of the present invention and speed-reducing clutch assembly is: when washing machine in washing during operating mode, described clutch is so that gear reduction is in normal operating conditions, be the deceleration output state, realize the washing function of washing machine, when washing machine during at dehydration condition, described clutch so that the sealed rigid unitary that becomes of gear reduction no longer to the motor output of slowing down, output sleeve, output shaft and the common High Rotation Speed of motor three, because output sleeve is fixedly connected with the dehydration part of washing machine, thereby realize the dehydrating function of washing machine.
The washing components of washing machine of the present invention can be impeller, agitator, cylinder, or other possesses the parts of washing function; The dehydration part of washing machine of the present invention refers to be used to the also tubbiness parts of accommodating laundry that are filled with water, such as interior bucket.
Preferably, described gear reduction comprises sun gear, internal gear, between described sun gear and described internal gear and with described sun gear, the planetary gear that internal gear meshes simultaneously, planet carrier, output shaft, output sleeve, described planetary gear can be installed on the described planet carrier by relatively described planet carrier by planet axis with being rotated, described planet carrier is fixedly connected with described output shaft one end, the described output shaft other end is fixedly connected with described washing components, described output sleeve is sleeved on the described output shaft, the one end is fixedly connected with described internal gear, and the other end is fixedly connected with described dehydration part.
Preferably, described clutch is electromagnetic clutch mechanism, during the washing operating mode, the clutch gear ring of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism is subject to electromagnetic force or reset force so that described gear reduction is in non-locked state, described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor, during dehydration condition, described clutch gear ring be subject to reset force or electromagnetic force so that the sealed rigid unitary that becomes of described gear reduction no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor, described output sleeve and the common High Rotation Speed of described output shaft, and then realize the conversion of washing machine between washing operating mode and dehydration condition.
Preferably, described electromagnetic clutch mechanism comprises electromagnetic coil assembly, the clutch gear ring, meshing part, lower component, described electromagnetic coil assembly is positioned at described clutch gear ring side, described clutch gear ring inboard is provided with the engagement internal tooth, the described meshing part outside is provided with the engagement external tooth, described clutch gear ring is connected on the described meshing part outside by the engaging sleeve of described engagement internal tooth and described engagement external tooth, and described clutch gear ring can move up and down along described meshing part, the internal gear of described gear reduction is as described meshing part, the planet carrier of described gear reduction is as described lower component, described clutch gear ring under the reset force effect that electromagnetic force that described electromagnetic coil assembly produces and other parts produce along described internal gear can move up and down separate with described planet carrier or secure fit optionally realizing described gear reduction to the slow down function of output of described motor, and then the realization washing machine is in the conversion of washing between operating mode and the dehydration condition.
Preferably, washing is during operating mode, the solenoid outage, and described clutch gear ring is subject to reset force so that described gear reduction is in non-locked state, and described gear reduction is to the output of slowing down of described motor; During dehydration condition, the solenoid energising, described clutch gear ring is subject to electromagnetic force, and overcome reset force so that the sealed rigid unitary that becomes of described gear reduction no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor, described output sleeve and the common High Rotation Speed of described output shaft, and then realize the conversion of washing machine between washing operating mode and dehydration condition.
Natch, described clutch also can adopt mechanical clutch mechanism, described mechanical clutch mechanism comprises brake apparatus and the arrangement of clutch by external impetus control, brake apparatus and arrangement of clutch are selectively realized gear reduction to the deceleration output function of motor by cooperating, and then realize the conversion of washing machine between washing operating mode and dehydration condition.
Preferably, described gear reduction refers to that to the deceleration of described motor output described gear reduction is finally with described output shaft/and described output sleeve output of slowing down.When washing machine was single-power washing demand, output sleeve was in the state of being fixed, and only output shaft is as the deceleration output block of gear reduction; When washing machine was composite power washing demand, output sleeve was in the on-fixed state, and output sleeve and output shaft are realized the composite power washing of washing machine simultaneously as the deceleration output block of gear reduction.
On the technique scheme basis, the present invention also comprises following technological selection scheme:
In order to improve the mounting structure compactness of gear reduction, reduce taking of its installation volume, preferably, described sun gear is provided with groove, the output shaft of described gear reduction also can be arranged in described groove coaxially with the relative rotation, and extends out from described groove.
For better the realization preferably, is provided with steel ball between described bottom portion of groove and the described output shaft end to the axial load-bearing of the output shaft of gear reduction.Natch, also can adopt other usual manner realization that belongs to those skilled in the art to the load-bearing of described output shaft.
Motor of the present invention comprises stator and rotor, can be inner rotor motor, also can be external rotor electric machine, preferably, because external rotor electric machine has certain inner diameter volume, on the technique effect that takies that reduces installation volume, the present invention is applied to can be more outstanding on the external rotor electric machine.
In order to simplify the assembly process of permanent magnetic steel, while is for fear of the generation obscission of permanent magnetic steel, preferably, described motor comprises stator and rotor, described rotor is positioned at the described stator outside, described rotor comprises rotor case, yoke and some permanent magnetic steels, described some permanent magnetic steels are fixedly installed on the described rotor case sidewall by the even compartment of terrain of described yoke, the even compartment of terrain of described permanent magnetic steel is fixedly installed on the described rotor case lateral wall, described yoke is positioned at described permanent magnetic steel outside and is fixedly connected with described rotor case, and described stator is fixedly connected with described holder housing.
Be fixedly installed the epitrochanterian of motor for the ease of sun gear, preferably, described sun gear outer upper is provided with gear, and its underpart is fixedly connected with the rotor of described motor as connecting portion; The described mode that is fixedly connected with can be that any one is fixedly connected with mode in the prior art, more preferably, can be fixedly connected with or rivet is fixedly connected with for screw.
When clutch is electromagnetic clutch mechanism, for the installation that reduces electromagnetic clutch mechanism takies volume, improve the compact conformation degree of electromagnetic clutch mechanism, preferably, described internal gear comprises internal gear section and the internal gear maintainance set that is connected to one, described internal gear maintainance set is positioned at the outside of described internal gear section, the described internal gear maintainance set while is as the meshing part of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism, its outer upper be provided with can with the engagement external tooth of the clutch gear ring of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism engagement, wherein end surface is provided with the elongated hole that the clutch gear ring that can allow described electromagnetic clutch mechanism runs through.
When described gear reduction comprises output sleeve, described internal gear maintainance set can be fixedly connected with described output sleeve.
Preferably, described holder housing comprises upper holder housing and the lower holder housing that fixed installation is integrated, described gear reduction and described clutch are positioned at described upper holder housing and the space of described lower holder housing formation and the output shaft of described gear reduction and extend this space, the stator retainer that described lower holder housing becomes described motor is fixedly connected with the stator of described motor, and described sun gear is positioned at described lower holder housing inboard and is connected with described lower holder housing installation by clutch shaft bearing.Preferably, described lower holder housing side also is provided with one or more material reducing windows, for reducing material cost, simultaneously also can be according to strength demand, holder housing and described lower holder housing arrange reinforcement or the strengthening groove of various shapes on described, believe routines selection that these belong to those skilled in the art, give unnecessary details no longer one by one at this.
Associated components for motor of the present invention, such as stator, rotor etc., the associated components of gear reduction, such as the mounting structure of internal gear, planet carrier, planetary gear at mounting structure on planet carrier etc., the associated components of clutch, preferred structure such as clutch gear ring etc. all can referring to the applicant's formerly patent application 201210084877.4 and other Patents, carry out literal at this and give unnecessary details no longer one by one.
Simultaneously, for the present invention for the dependency structure that does not carry out explanatory note on each parts, such as reinforcing rib structure, structures such as connection bearing, spacing, load-bearing, waterproof sealing etc. be installed believe that the routine that is those skilled in the art selects, after the present invention is combined, do not possess any novelty and creativeness, state no longer one by one at this.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the perspective view of a kind of embodiment of motor of the present invention and speed-reducing clutch assembly;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the cutaway view of A-A direction among Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the blast structure chart of Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 4 is A place structure enlarged diagram in the accompanying drawing 2;
Accompanying drawing 5 is the perspective view of a kind of embodiment of electromagnetic clutch mechanism core component of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 6 is the cutaway view of A-A direction in the accompanying drawing 5;
Accompanying drawing 7 is the blast structure chart of accompanying drawing 5;
Accompanying drawing 8 is the stereo decomposing structural representation of a kind of embodiment of rotor of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 9 is for using the structural representation of a kind of washing machine of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 10 is for using the structural representation of another kind of washing machine of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 11 is for using the structural representation of more another kind of washing machine of the present invention;
Reference numeral: dehydration part 1, washing components 2, motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly 3, motor 100, rotor 110, rotor case 111, yoke 112, permanent magnetic steel 113, stator 120, gear reduction 200, sun gear 210, gear 210a, connecting portion 210b, groove 211, output shaft 220, internal gear 230, the 230-1 of internal gear section, internal gear maintainance set 230-2, planetary gear 240, planet carrier 250, slot 250-1, output sleeve 260, clutch 300, electromagnetic coil assembly 310, solenoid 311, coil holder 312, coil retainer 313, coil retainer loam cake 313b, coil retainer lower cover 313a, clutch gear ring 320, engagement internal tooth 320-1, projection 320-2, double wedge 320-3, meshing part 330, engagement external tooth 330-1, elongated hole 330-2, lower component 340, upper component 350, spring 360, holder housing 400, upper holder housing 410, lower holder housing 420, steel ball 500, clutch shaft bearing 600, the second bearing 700.
The specific embodiment
It is pointed out that it is to be arranged in figure and parts position each other defines with parts among Fig. 1 to Figure 11 that relate to upper and lower waited the noun of locality herein, just in order to explain the clear of technical scheme and conveniently.Should be appreciated that the noun of locality that this patent adopts should not limit the scope that present patent application is asked for protection.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly shown in Figure 4, comprise motor 100 and speed-reducing clutch, described speed-reducing clutch comprises gear reduction 200, clutch 300 and holder housing 400, the output of slowing down of 200 pairs of described motors 100 of described gear reduction, described clutch 300 is connected optionally to realize the slow down function of output of 200 pairs of described motors 100 of described gear reduction with described gear reduction 200, and then realize that described motor 100 is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output, described motor is connected with the installation of iting with outside other parts by described holder housing 400 realizations self parts with speed-reducing clutch assembly 3, wherein:
Described gear reduction 200 comprises sun gear 210, internal gear 230, between described sun gear 210 and described internal gear 230 and with described sun gear 210, the planetary gear 240 that internal gear 230 meshes simultaneously, planet carrier 250, output shaft 220, output sleeve 260, described planetary gear 240 can be installed on the described planet carrier 250 by relatively described planet carrier 250 by planet axis (scheming unmarked) with being rotated, described planet carrier 250 is fixedly connected with described output shaft 220, described output sleeve 260 is sleeved on the described output shaft 220, and is fixedly connected with described internal gear 230;
Described sun gear 210 outer upper are provided with gear 210a, its underpart is fixedly connected with by screw (scheming unmarked) with the rotor 110 of described motor as connecting portion 210b, realizes described sun gear 210 directly being fixedly installed on the rotor 110 of described motor; Described sun gear 210 is provided with groove 211, and described output shaft 220 also can be arranged in described groove 211 coaxially with the relative rotation, and extends out from described groove 211; Be provided with steel ball 500 between described groove 211 bottoms and described output shaft 220 ends;
Described holder housing 400 comprises upper holder housing 410 and the lower holder housing 420 that is integrated by the screw fixed installation, space and described output shaft 220 that described gear reduction 200 and described clutch 300 are positioned at described upper holder housing 410 and described lower holder housing 420 formations extend this space, the stator retainer that described lower holder housing 420 becomes described motor 100 is fixedly connected with the stator 120 of described motor, described sun gear 210 is positioned at described lower holder housing 420 inboard also installations with described lower holder housing 420 by clutch shaft bearing 600 and is connected, and described output sleeve 260 is installed with described upper holder housing 410 by the second bearing 700 and is connected;
Described motor 100 comprises stator 120 and rotor 110, described rotor 110 is positioned at described stator 120 outsides, in conjunction with referring to rotor shown in Figure 8 110, comprise rotor case 111, yoke 112 and some permanent magnetic steels 113, described some permanent magnetic steels 113 are fixedly installed on described rotor case 111 sidewalls by described yoke 112 even compartment of terrains, described permanent magnetic steel 113 even compartment of terrains are fixedly installed on described rotor case 111 lateral walls, described yoke 112 is positioned at described permanent magnetic steel 113 outsides and is fixedly connected with described rotor case 111, and described stator 120 is fixedly connected with described holder housing 400;
Referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and shown in Figure 7, described clutch 300 is electromagnetic clutch mechanism, comprise electromagnetic coil assembly 310, clutch gear ring 320, meshing part 330, lower component 340, upper component 350, described electromagnetic coil assembly 310 is positioned at described clutch gear ring 320 sides, described clutch gear ring 320 inboards are provided with engagement internal tooth 320-1, described meshing part 330 outsides are provided with engagement external tooth 330-1, described clutch gear ring 320 is connected on described meshing part 330 outsides by the engaging sleeve of described engagement internal tooth 320-1 and described engagement external tooth 330-1, and described clutch gear ring 320 can move up and down along described meshing part 330, the internal gear 230 of described gear reduction is as described meshing part 330, the planet carrier 250 of described gear reduction is as described lower component 340, and described upper holder housing 410 is as described upper component 350;
Described electromagnetic coil assembly 310 comprises solenoid 311, coil holder 312, coil retainer 313, described solenoid 311 windings are on described coil holder 312, described coil holder 312 is positioned at described coil retainer 313, described coil retainer 313 is fixed on the described upper holder housing 410, described upper holder housing 410 is aluminum casting, described coil retainer 313 comprises coil retainer loam cake 313b and the coil retainer lower cover 313a that is connected to one, described coil retainer loam cake 313b, form closed magnetic circuit between described coil retainer lower cover 313a and the clutch gear ring 320; Described clutch gear ring 320 lower ends are provided with 4 projection 320-2, described planet carrier 250 be provided with can with 4 slot 250-1 of described projection 320-2 secure fit, on 4 projection 320-2 of described clutch gear ring 320 respectively fixed cover be connected to spring 360, the described clutch gear rings 320 of 360 pairs on described spring produce reset forces; Described clutch gear ring 320 upper ends are provided with 8 double wedge 320-3, described coil retainer loam cake 313b be provided with can with the groove (scheming not shown) of described double wedge 320-3 secure fit;
When solenoid cuts off the power supply, described clutch gear ring 320 is subject to the upwards reset force that spring 360 produces, and overcome self gravitation so that described clutch gear ring 320 and described planet carrier 250 be in released state and with described upper holder housing 410 secure fit, clutch gear ring 320 is in the state of being fixed, the output of slowing down of 200 pairs of described motors 100 of described gear reduction, described output shaft 220 is as the deceleration output block, when solenoid is switched on, described clutch gear ring 320 is subject to downward electromagnetic force, and the upwards reset force that overcomes spring 360 generations moves down and planet carrier 250 secure fit along internal gear 230, described gear reduction 200 is sealed to become rigid unitary no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor 100, and then realizes that described motor 100 is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output;
Described internal gear 230 comprises the 230-1 of internal gear section and the internal gear maintainance set 230-2 that is connected to one, described internal gear maintainance set 230-2 is positioned at the outside of the described internal gear 230-1 of section, described internal gear maintainance set 230-2 is simultaneously as described meshing part 330, its outer upper be provided with can with the engagement external tooth 330-1 of described clutch gear ring 320 engagements, wherein end surface is provided with the elongated hole 330-2 that can allow described clutch gear ring 320 to run through;
Referring to Fig. 9, Figure 10 and shown in Figure 11, after above-mentioned electromagnetic clutch mechanism is applied to washing machine, washing machine comprises dehydration part 2, washing components 1, described dehydration part 2 is fixedly connected with described internal gear 230 by described output sleeve 260, described washing components 1 is fixedly connected with described output shaft 220, described electromagnetic clutch mechanism is connected optionally to realize 200 pairs of described motors 100 of described gear reduction function of output of slowing down with described gear reduction 200, and then realizes the conversion of washing machine between washing operating mode and dehydration condition.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 4 and Fig. 9, Figure 10 and shown in Figure 11, when the motor shown in above-mentioned and speed-reducing clutch component application become washing machine motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly in the washing machine field, described output sleeve 260 is fixedly connected with washing components 1 with the dehydration part 2 of washing machine respectively with described output shaft 220, described clutch 300 is connected optionally to realize the slow down function of output of 200 pairs of described motors 100 of described gear reduction with described gear reduction 200, and then realize the conversion of washing machine between washing operating mode and dehydration condition, described motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly 3 are connected with the installation of other parts of washing machine with iting by described holder housing 400 realizations self parts; The concrete technical scheme of all the other dependency structures is described all with above-mentioned motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly text description in an embodiment.
Course of work when this patent embodiment is applied to the washing machine field is: during the washing operating mode, the solenoid outage, described clutch gear ring 320 is received the upwards reset force that spring 360 produces, and overcome self gravitation so that described clutch gear ring 320 and described planet carrier 250 be in released state and with described upper holder housing 410 secure fit, clutch gear ring 320 is in the state of being fixed, described output shaft 220 slows down and exports, during dehydration condition, the solenoid energising, described clutch gear ring 320 is subject to downward electromagnetic force, and overcome the upwards reset force of spring 360 generations so that described clutch gear ring 320 and described planet carrier 250 secure fit, described gear reduction 200 is sealed to become rigid unitary no longer to the output of slowing down of described motor 100, described output sleeve 260 and described output shaft 220 common High Rotation Speeds, and then realize the conversion of washing machine between washing operating mode and dehydration condition.
When in the above embodiments of the present invention when solenoid cuts off the power supply, described clutch gear ring 320 is in released state with described planet carrier 250, and when being in the on-fixed state, described output shaft 220 and output sleeve 260 become the deceleration output block simultaneously, namely form composite power deceleration output, when being applied to the washing machine field, namely washing operating mode is the composite power washing mode.
Also it needs to be noted, for showing in the accompanying drawing of the present invention but the associated components structure of not carrying out explanatory note all is routine techniques means of those skilled in the art, such as bearing pad, load-bearing jump ring, connection bearing and the parts such as large water seal and little water seal, all do not possess novelty and creativeness, therefore give unnecessary details no longer one by one.
Above washing machine to motor provided by the present invention and speed-reducing clutch assembly and application thereof is described in detail.Used specific case herein principle of the present invention and embodiment are set forth, the explanation of above embodiment just is used for helping to understand method of the present invention and core concept thereof.Should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention, can also carry out some improvement and modification to the present invention, these improvement and modification also fall in the protection domain of claim of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. a motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: comprise motor (100) and speed-reducing clutch, described speed-reducing clutch comprises gear reduction (200), clutch (300) and holder housing (400), described gear reduction (200) is to described motor (100) output of slowing down, described clutch (300) is connected with described gear reduction (200) optionally to realize that described gear reduction (200) is to the slow down function of output of described motor (100), and then realize described motor (100) in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output, described motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly (3) realize that by described holder housing (400) self parts and/or its installation with other parts of outside are connected.
2. motor as claimed in claim 1 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, comprise motor (100) and speed-reducing clutch, described speed-reducing clutch comprises gear reduction (200), clutch (300) and holder housing (400), described gear reduction (200) is to described motor (100) output of slowing down, described clutch (300) is connected with described gear reduction (200) optionally to realize that described gear reduction (200) is to the slow down function of output of described motor (100), and then realize that described motor (100) is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output, described motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly (3) realize that by described holder housing (400) self parts and/or its installation with outside other parts are connected, and it is characterized in that: the sun gear of described gear reduction (210) directly is fixedly installed on the rotor (110) of described motor.
3. motor as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: described sun gear (210) is provided with groove (211), the output shaft of described gear reduction (220) also can be arranged in described groove (211) coaxially with the relative rotation, and extends out from described groove (211).
4. motor as claimed in claim 3 and speed-reducing clutch assembly is characterized in that: be provided with steel ball (500) between described groove (211) bottom and described output shaft (220) end.
5. motor as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: described motor (100) comprises stator (120) and rotor (110), described rotor (110) is positioned at described stator (120) outside, described rotor (110) comprises rotor case (111), yoke (112) and some permanent magnetic steels (113), described some permanent magnetic steels (113) evenly are fixedly installed on described rotor case (111) sidewall compartment of terrain by described yoke (112), described permanent magnetic steel (113) evenly is fixedly installed on described rotor case (111) lateral wall compartment of terrain, described yoke (112) is positioned at described permanent magnetic steel (113) outside and is fixedly connected with described rotor case (111), and described stator (120) is fixedly connected with described holder housing (400).
6. motor as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: described sun gear (210) outer upper is provided with gear (210a), and its underpart is fixedly connected with the rotor (110) of described motor as connecting portion (210b).
7. motor as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: described gear reduction (200) comprises sun gear (210), internal gear (230), be positioned between described sun gear (210) and the described internal gear (230) and with described sun gear (210), the planetary gear (240) that internal gear (230) meshes simultaneously, planet carrier (250), output shaft (220), described planetary gear (240) can be installed on the described planet carrier (250) by relatively described planet carrier (250) by planet axis with being rotated, and described planet carrier (250) is fixedly connected with described output shaft (220).
8. motor as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: described clutch (300) is electromagnetic clutch mechanism, when described motor (100) slows down output, the clutch gear ring (320) of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism is subject to electromagnetic force or reset force so that described gear reduction (200) is in non-locked state, described gear reduction (200) is to described motor (100) output of slowing down, when the non-deceleration output of described motor (100), described clutch gear ring (320) is subject to reset force or electromagnetic force so that the sealed rigid unitary that becomes of described gear reduction (200) no longer to described motor (100) output of slowing down, and then realizes that described motor (100) is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output.
9. motor as claimed in claim 8 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: described electromagnetic clutch mechanism comprises electromagnetic coil assembly (310), clutch gear ring (320), meshing part (330), lower component (340), described electromagnetic coil assembly (310) is positioned at described clutch gear ring (320) side, described clutch gear ring (320) inboard is provided with engagement internal tooth (320-1), described meshing part (330) outside is provided with engagement external tooth (330-1), described clutch gear ring (320) is connected on described meshing part (330) outside by the engaging sleeve of described engagement internal tooth (320-1) and described engagement external tooth (330-1), and described clutch gear ring (320) can move up and down along described meshing part (330), the internal gear of described gear reduction (230) is as described meshing part (330), the planet carrier of described gear reduction (250) is as described lower component (340), described clutch gear ring (320) can move up and down with described planet carrier (250) along described internal gear (230) under the reset force effect that electromagnetic force that described electromagnetic coil assembly (310) produces and other parts produce and separate or the function of secure fit to realize that optionally described gear reduction (200) slows down and exports described motor (100), and then realizes that described motor (100) exports and the conversion of non-deceleration between exporting in deceleration.
10. motor as claimed in claim 8 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: when solenoid cuts off the power supply, described clutch gear ring (320) is subject to reset force so that described gear reduction (200) is in non-locked state, described gear reduction (200) is to described motor (100) output of slowing down, when solenoid is switched on, described clutch gear ring (320) is subject to electromagnetic force, and overcome reset force so that the sealed rigid unitary that becomes of described gear reduction (200) no longer to described motor (100) output of slowing down, and then realizes that described motor (100) is in the conversion of slowing down between output and the non-deceleration output.
11. motor as claimed in claim 7 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: described gear reduction (200) also comprises output sleeve (260), described output sleeve (260) is sleeved on the described output shaft (220), and is fixedly connected with described internal gear (230).
12. motor as claimed in claim 7 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: described clutch (300) is electromagnetic clutch mechanism, described internal gear (230) comprises internal gear section (230-1) and the internal gear maintainance set (230-2) that is connected to one, described internal gear maintainance set (230-2) is positioned at the outside of described internal gear section (230-1), described internal gear maintainance set (230-2) while is as the meshing part (330) of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism, its outer upper is provided with the engagement external tooth (330-1) that can mesh with the clutch gear ring (320) of described electromagnetic clutch mechanism, and wherein end surface is provided with the elongated hole (330-2) that can allow described clutch gear ring (320) to run through.
13. motor as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and speed-reducing clutch assembly, it is characterized in that: described holder housing (400) comprises upper holder housing (410) and the lower holder housing (420) that fixed installation is integrated, described gear reduction (200) and described clutch (300) are positioned at described upper holder housing (410) and the space of described lower holder housing (420) formation and the output shaft (220) of described gear reduction and extend this space, the stator retainer that described lower holder housing (420) becomes described motor (100) is fixedly connected with the stator (120) of described motor, and described sun gear (210) is positioned at inboard also the installation with described lower holder housing (420) by clutch shaft bearing (600) of described lower holder housing (420) and is connected.
CN201210396213.1A 2012-10-17 2012-10-17 A kind of motor and speed-reducing clutch assembly Active CN102877267B (en)

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CN105297345A (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-02-03 青岛海尔洗衣机有限公司 Decelerating clutch and washing machine
CN105316903A (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-02-10 青岛海尔洗衣机有限公司 Decelerating clutch and washing machine

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CN102628208A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-08-08 常州至精精机有限公司 Clutch mechanism for single drive system of washing machine
CN202881699U (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-04-17 常州至精精机有限公司 Motor and component of reduction clutch

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KR20030075076A (en) * 2002-03-15 2003-09-22 엘지전자 주식회사 Deceleration gear assembly in clutch system for washer
CN2558678Y (en) * 2002-06-20 2003-07-02 江门市机床厂有限公司 Clutch for rubbing type washer
KR20110012366A (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-09 엘지전자 주식회사 Clutch of washing machine
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105297345A (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-02-03 青岛海尔洗衣机有限公司 Decelerating clutch and washing machine
CN105316903A (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-02-10 青岛海尔洗衣机有限公司 Decelerating clutch and washing machine

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Effective date of registration: 20170815

Address after: East West Road Luoyang town Wujin District Jiangsu city of Changzhou province No. 118 213104

Patentee after: Changzhou Sinya Motor Co., Ltd.

Address before: East West Road Luoyang town Wujin District Jiangsu city of Changzhou province No. 118 213104

Patentee before: Changzhou Master Machinery Co., Ltd.