CN102875103A - Light shale brick and production method thereof - Google Patents

Light shale brick and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102875103A
CN102875103A CN2012103540178A CN201210354017A CN102875103A CN 102875103 A CN102875103 A CN 102875103A CN 2012103540178 A CN2012103540178 A CN 2012103540178A CN 201210354017 A CN201210354017 A CN 201210354017A CN 102875103 A CN102875103 A CN 102875103A
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China
Prior art keywords
powder
auxiliary
shale
light
unslaked lime
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Pending
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CN2012103540178A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄榜彪
黄秉章
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黄榜彪
黄秉章
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Priority to CN2012103540178A priority Critical patent/CN102875103A/en
Publication of CN102875103A publication Critical patent/CN102875103A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a light shale brick and a production method of the light shale brick. The light shale brick is characterized by comprising the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 60% of shale, 20 to 35% of organic matter flammable accessory, 5 to 20% of other accessories, and 50 to 60% of water at 40 to 45 DEG C; the production method comprises the steps of crushing the shale, adding the water, the organic matter flammable accessory and other accessories into the shale powder; uniformly agitating; preparing into blanks; parching the blank; roasting at 950 to 1,150 DEG C; and keeping for 8 to 12 hours so as to obtain the product; the other accessories are prepared by mixing 87.5% to 90% of shell and 10 to 12.5% of aluminum powder based on mass percentage, or prepared by mixing 87.5 to 90% of shell and 10 to 12.5% of iron powder; and the organic matter flammable accessory is the powder of one or the mixture of any two of saw dust, plant straw, urban garbage, fallen leaves, couch grass, shrub, firewood, branch and wood dust. The light shale brick provided by the invention has the advantages of heat preservation, heat insulation, fire proofingness, cracking prevention, sound insulation, low self weight, high anchoring performance, low cost, and light weight.

Description

Light shale brick and production method thereof
Technical field
Of the present inventionly relate to a kind of light shale brick and production method thereof with performances such as lightweight, insulation, heat insulation, fire prevention, anti-cracking, sound insulations.
Background technology
200510022384.8 patent document in produce the used Micropore Agent of shale brick and be mainly polystyrene and expanded perlite granule, it is safe that the solid form of polystyrene uses, atoxic.But the EPS particle will give out pentane steam in storage process.Pentane very easily fires, and can form explosive mixture with air, and heating polystyrene type polymkeric substance can discharge styrene monomer, and vinylbenzene is a kind of material of danger, and Polystyrene powder can stimulate respiratory tract and skin.And high this of the price of pearlstone just increased cost.So the production method of sintering shale brick is compared, the advantages such as the production tool cost of light shale brick is low, pollution-free, toxicological harmless.
Common shale brick and production method thereof are that follow procedure carries out roasting and makes with after shale pulverizing, the moulding.Common shale brick is from great, and heat insulation property is poor, and the production process energy consumption is large, not environmental protection.
Summary of the invention
It is good that purpose of the present invention just provides a kind of heat insulation property, from heavy and light, and energy-conservation light shale brick and production method thereof.
Solution of the present invention is such:
A kind of light shale brick, be comprised of the following raw material that contains weight percent: shale 60%, organic inflammable auxiliary material 20%-35%, other auxiliary material 5%-20%, temperature are 40 ℃ ~ 45 ℃ water 50% ~ 60%, shale powder is broken to 100 orders, stir after in the shale powder, adding entry, organic inflammable auxiliary material and other auxiliary material, make base, base is dried, put into and carry out roasting under 950 ℃ ~ 1150 ℃ conditions and keep making in 8 ~ 12 hours.
Further: described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and aluminium powder to mix, its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, aluminium powder 10%-12.5% or described other auxiliary material are to adopt unslaked lime and iron powder to mix, and its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, iron powder 10%-12.5%.
Further: the inflammable auxiliary material of described organic matter is a kind of powder of sawdust, plant stalk, municipal wastes, fallen leaves, cogongrass, shrub, firewood, branch, wood chip or the powder of any at least two kinds of mixtures, and size of powder particles is 100-200 orders.
A kind of production method of light shale brick comprises the steps:
(1), shale powder is broken to the 90-110 order;
(2), the inflammable ingredient powder of organic matter is broken into 100-200 purpose powders;
(3), carry out proportioning in the ratio of shale 60%, organic inflammable auxiliary material 20%-35%, other auxiliary material 5%-20%, then stir after add adding temperature and be 40 ℃ ~ 45 ℃ water 50% ~ 60%, stir and leave standstill 1 hour-1.5 hours, make base, base is dried;
(4), under 950 ℃ ~ 1150 ℃ conditions, carry out roasting and kept 8 ~ 12 hours.
Further: in step (3), organic inflammable auxiliary material is to choose a kind of powder of sawdust, plant stalk, municipal wastes, fallen leaves, cogongrass, shrub, firewood, branch, wood chip or the powder of any at least two kinds of mixtures, and size of powder particles is 100-200 orders.
Further: in step (3), described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and aluminium powder to mix, its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, aluminium powder 10%-12.5% or in step (3), described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and iron powder to mix, and its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, iron powder 10%-12.5%.
Advantage of the present invention is to add organic inflammable auxiliary material and other auxiliary materials in the shale powder, and stir with the shale powder, behind high temperature sintering, the auxiliary material burning totally, in brick, form a large amount of micropores, therefore have the performances such as preferably insulation, heat insulation, fire prevention, anti-cracking, sound insulation, and greatly reduction of deadweight, the non-bearing wall body part that is specially adapted to build; Simultaneously shale brick of the present invention is compared with other non-lbearing wall materials, has good anchoring property, and is with low cost, and from heavy and light, easy construction can be satisfied the needs of buildings secondary decoration.
Embodiment
The below describes embodiments of the invention in detail.
A kind of light shale brick, be comprised of the following raw material that contains weight percent: shale 60%, organic inflammable auxiliary material 20%-35%, other auxiliary material 5%-20%, temperature are 40 ℃ ~ 45 ℃ water 50% ~ 60%, shale powder is broken to 100 orders, stir after in the shale powder, adding entry, organic inflammable auxiliary material and other auxiliary material, stir to leave standstill after 1 hour-1.5 hours and make base, base is dried, put into and carry out roasting under 950 ℃ ~ 1150 ℃ conditions and keep making in 8 ~ 12 hours.
Described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and aluminium powder to mix, its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, aluminium powder 10%-12.5% or described other auxiliary material are to adopt unslaked lime and iron powder to mix, and its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, iron powder 10%-12.5%.
The inflammable auxiliary material of described organic matter is a kind of powder of sawdust, plant stalk, municipal wastes, fallen leaves, cogongrass, shrub, firewood, branch, wood chip or the powder of any at least two kinds of mixtures, size of powder particles is 100-200 orders, and 20% ~ 35% effect that organic inflammable auxiliary material incorporation is the shale powder quality is better.Mix organic inflammable auxiliary material more, the micropore that forms in the brick is more, conducts oneself with dignity lighter.Organic inflammable auxiliary material incorporation is little, conduct oneself with dignity larger, but intensity is better.
A kind of production method of light shale brick comprises the steps:
(1), shale powder is broken to the 90-110 order;
(2), the inflammable ingredient powder of organic matter is broken into 100-200 purpose powders;
(3), carry out proportioning in the ratio of shale 60%, organic inflammable auxiliary material 20%-35%, other auxiliary material 5%-20%, then stir after adding temperature and be 40 ℃ ~ 45 ℃ water 50% ~ 60%, stir and leave standstill 1 hour-1.5 hours, make base, base is dried;
(4), under 950 ℃ ~ 1150 ℃ conditions, carry out roasting and kept 8 ~ 12 hours, the light shale brick effect that roasting goes out is best.
In step (3), organic inflammable auxiliary material is to choose a kind of powder of sawdust, plant stalk, municipal wastes, fallen leaves, cogongrass, shrub, firewood, branch, wood chip or the powder of any at least two kinds of mixtures, and size of powder particles is 100-200 orders.
In step (3), described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and aluminium powder to mix, its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, aluminium powder 10%-12.5% or in step (3), described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and iron powder to mix, and its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, iron powder 10%-12.5%.
Below be the embodiment of concrete production method:
1, the shale crushing screening is got the shale powder;
2, adding 20% ~ 35% organic inflammable auxiliary material and other auxiliary material 5% ~ 20% in the shale powder by the shale proportion stirs;
The material that 3, will stir is made base;
4, base is dried;
5, under 950 ℃ ~ 1150 ℃ conditions, carry out roasting and kept 8 ~ 12 hours.
The non-bearing shale brick detection case of four different ratioss producing by aforementioned production method:
The specification of product is 240mm * 115mm * 90mm or other specifications, can further reduce the weight of fragment of brick by perforate.
Above-described embodiment is the non-bearing shale brick, detects its ultimate compression strength 〉=5Mpa, the radionuclide ratio appropriateness middle internal radiation index 0.02 of limiting the quantity of, external radiation exposure index 0.06, density 845.3kg/m through Minister of the General Administration for Quality Supervision 3, thermal conductivity and heat inertia index meet the requirements.

Claims (8)

1. light shale brick, it is characterized in that the following raw material that consists predominantly of mass percent forms: shale 60%, organic inflammable auxiliary material 20%-35%, other auxiliary material 5%-20%, temperature are 40 ℃-45 ℃ water 50% ~ 60%, shale powder is broken to 100 orders, stir after in the shale powder, adding entry, organic inflammable auxiliary material and other auxiliary material, make base, base is dried, put into and carry out roasting under 950 ℃ ~ 1150 ℃ conditions and keep making in 8 ~ 12 hours.
2. light shale brick according to claim 1 is characterized in that described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and aluminium powder to mix, and its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, aluminium powder 10%-12.5%.
3. light shale brick according to claim 1 is characterized in that described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and iron powder to mix, and its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, iron powder 10%-12.5%.
4. light shale brick according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the inflammable auxiliary material of described organic matter is a kind of powder of sawdust, plant stalk, municipal wastes, fallen leaves, cogongrass, shrub, firewood, branch, wood chip or the powder of any at least two kinds of mixtures, size of powder particles (100-200 order).
5. the production method of a light shale brick is characterized in that comprising the steps:
(1), shale powder is broken to the 90-110 order;
(2), the inflammable ingredient powder of organic matter is broken into 100-200 purpose powders;
(3), carrying out proportioning in the ratio of shale 60%, organic inflammable auxiliary material 20%-35%, other auxiliary material 5%-20%, then to add temperature be to stir behind 40 ℃ ~ 45 ℃ the water 50% ~ 60%, makes base, base is dried;
(4), under 950 ℃ ~ 1150 ℃ conditions, carry out roasting and kept 8 ~ 12 hours.
6. the production method of light shale brick according to claim 5, it is characterized in that in step (3), organic inflammable auxiliary material is to choose a kind of powder of sawdust, plant stalk, municipal wastes, fallen leaves, cogongrass, shrub, firewood, branch, wood chip or the powder of any at least two kinds of mixtures, size of powder particles (100-200 order).
7. the production method of light shale brick according to claim 5 is characterized in that in step (3), and described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and aluminium powder to mix, and its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, aluminium powder 10%-12.5%.
8. the production method of light shale brick according to claim 5 is characterized in that in step (3), and described other auxiliary material is to adopt unslaked lime and iron powder to mix, and its mass percent is: unslaked lime 87.5%-90%, iron powder 10%-12.5%.
CN2012103540178A 2012-09-21 2012-09-21 Light shale brick and production method thereof Pending CN102875103A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012103540178A CN102875103A (en) 2012-09-21 2012-09-21 Light shale brick and production method thereof

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CN102875103A true CN102875103A (en) 2013-01-16

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103755310A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-30 广西科技大学 Light-weight shale brick manufactured from alcohol wastewater of sugar refinery and production method thereof
CN103755311A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-30 广西科技大学 Lightweight shale brick manufactured by using waste molasses and manufacturing method thereof
CN103755309A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-30 广西科技大学 Municipal sludge sintered shale perforated brick and production method thereof
CN103804017A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-05-21 广西科技大学 Light shale brick utilizing waste molasses as pore-forming agent and production method
CN103819201A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-05-28 广西科技大学 Special sintering production method for rectangular-hole light shale brick
CN103979865A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-08-13 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Antibacterial anti-freezing aerated brick and preparation method thereof
CN104496537A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 广西科技大学 Lightweight argil and shale perforated ganged brick and production method
CN104529389A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 广西科技大学 Papermaking white mud light shale brick and producing method thereof
CN104529395A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 广西科技大学 Dairy product waste liquor light shale brick and production method thereof
CN105314997A (en) * 2014-06-30 2016-02-10 涪陵区珍溪页岩砖厂 Perforated brick and preparation process thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
黄榜彪 等: "辅料长度级配与轻质烧结页岩砖抗压强度", 《西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版)》 *

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103755310A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-30 广西科技大学 Light-weight shale brick manufactured from alcohol wastewater of sugar refinery and production method thereof
CN103755311A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-30 广西科技大学 Lightweight shale brick manufactured by using waste molasses and manufacturing method thereof
CN103755309A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-30 广西科技大学 Municipal sludge sintered shale perforated brick and production method thereof
CN103804017A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-05-21 广西科技大学 Light shale brick utilizing waste molasses as pore-forming agent and production method
CN103819201A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-05-28 广西科技大学 Special sintering production method for rectangular-hole light shale brick
CN103979865A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-08-13 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Antibacterial anti-freezing aerated brick and preparation method thereof
CN103979865B (en) * 2014-04-15 2016-02-24 徐俊云 A kind of antibacterial antifreeze aerated bricks and preparation method thereof
CN105314997A (en) * 2014-06-30 2016-02-10 涪陵区珍溪页岩砖厂 Perforated brick and preparation process thereof
CN104496537A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 广西科技大学 Lightweight argil and shale perforated ganged brick and production method
CN104529389A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 广西科技大学 Papermaking white mud light shale brick and producing method thereof
CN104529395A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 广西科技大学 Dairy product waste liquor light shale brick and production method thereof

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Application publication date: 20130116