CN102872553B - Convenient all-weather chemical oxygenation device and service method thereof - Google Patents

Convenient all-weather chemical oxygenation device and service method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102872553B
CN102872553B CN201210374880.XA CN201210374880A CN102872553B CN 102872553 B CN102872553 B CN 102872553B CN 201210374880 A CN201210374880 A CN 201210374880A CN 102872553 B CN102872553 B CN 102872553B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
oxygen
tube
reative cell
switch
reservoir chamber
Prior art date
Application number
CN201210374880.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102872553A (en
Inventor
费舟
梁景文
晁晓东
Original Assignee
中国人民解放军第四军医大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 filed Critical 中国人民解放军第四军医大学
Priority to CN201210374880.XA priority Critical patent/CN102872553B/en
Publication of CN102872553A publication Critical patent/CN102872553A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102872553B publication Critical patent/CN102872553B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a convenient all-weather chemical oxygenation device which comprises an oxygen inhalation tube accommodating room, a water storage room and an oxygen generating reaction room. Powdery potassium superoxide and manganese dioxide are placed in the oxygen generating reaction room; an oxygen outlet guide tube with a first switch and a water inlet tube with a second switch are arranged in the water storage room; one end of the oxygen outlet guide tube is connected with the oxygen generating reaction room, the other end of the oxygen outlet guide tube penetrates through the water storage room to be communicated with the oxygen inhalation tube accommodating room, and a retractable oxygen inhalation tube comprising an oxygen inhalation tube and a buffer tube is connected onto the oxygen outlet guide tube; the water inlet tube is communicated with the water storage room, and the quantity of water flowing into the oxygen generating reaction room is controlled via the second switch; and the oxygen inhalation tube accommodating room for accommodating the retractable oxygen inhalation tube is arranged on the water storage room, a mask is connected onto the retractable oxygen inhalation tube, an elastic band and an adjusting card are arranged on the mask, and an oxygen inhalation tube button is further disposed on the water storage room. The convenient all-weather chemical oxygenation device is simple and practical, is convenient to operate and carry, safe in use and free of any negative effects, and is unaffected by factors such as external environments, weather, time and air temperature.

Description

The round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of portable and using method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of device for producing oxygen from chemical substance and using method, particularly a kind of for human body in the round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of the portable under anaerobic environment and using method thereof.

Background technology

At altitude environment, mine or stay in for a long time the crowd of Working Life in airtight office tower, because reducing partial pressure of oxygen in the air causing, atmospheric pressure declines, can make people occur breathing the reaction symptoms such as pulse is accelerated, headache vomiting, low pressure itself can cause otalgia because of the pressure difference of the interior air of middle ear simultaneously, when serious, can produce the symptoms such as expiratory dyspnea, in the flue, eye-blurred, greatly affect the crowd's that works health in these environment.There are some researches show: when general personnel arrive height above sea level 3350m fast, maximum activity ability is down to 50% of Plain; U.S. army's research shows, marches on height above sea level 3300m~4300m plateau, and walking the same distance time used is the twice in Plain.This not only produces a very large impact the physiological situation of human body, and can cause the psychological problems such as sensation, memory, thinking judgement, attention, mood and personality, and mental functioning is declined, and affects operating efficiency.Research through applicant shows, craniocerebral injury merging anoxic, and it is disabled, fatal rate obviously raises.Therefore, how reducing anaerobic environment is the emphasis of plateau wound, sick research to physiology and the psychological adverse effect causing.Want to alleviate the harm of anoxic to body, just must improve by every means oxygen content.

At present, pre-oxygen deficit proof mainly adopts the mode of oxygen both at home and abroad, is mainly that the method for utilizing increase oxygen percent by volume, air pressure to remain unchanged improves partial pressure of oxygen; So as to reaching the object of prophylactic treatment plateau wound, disease, its method mainly contains two kinds: one is physics oxygen, the main film that adopts separates and quick pressure swing absorption process, cost is high, complicated operation, easily damage, in addition, steel cylinder storage oxygen and rubber bag storage oxygen are all repeatedly filling, it is preserved, transport and use and have strict requirement (as: anticollision, away from naked light etc.), while requiring the quick Acute Exposed Altitude of large quantities of armies especially under the military condition of burst, obviously be not inconsistent and Combat Readiness Requirements, cannot meet the needs that military training is fought; One is chemical oxygen generation, it also has shortcoming, as being difficult to ensure, oxygen depositing, have burn into oxygen supply time short, if but overcome these shortcomings, can solve army and even the great demand of national this respect, thereby substantially solve altitude environment, mine or stay in for a long time the health problem of work crowd in airtight office tower.

There is at present a kind of Simplified chemical oxygenerator, formed by structures such as reative cell, catalyst and regulating system thereof, safety valve, bracket, gas washing chamber, broken air parcel, flowmeters.Its principle is with long-acting solid catalyst catalysis dioxygen aquatic products oxygen, with reference to flowmeter, by regulating catalyst adjusting device to control the contact area of catalyst and hydrogen peroxide, thereby produces the oxygen of required flow.But finding in actual use, also there is two large problems in this device, the one, dioxygen water bottle, in toppling process, burns if control bad contingent skin.The 2nd, this apparatus structure more complicated, volume is large, is not suitable for long-distance carrying.

Summary of the invention

For the existing problem of above-mentioned chemical oxygen generation, the object of the invention is to, provide a kind of simple to operate, can round-the-clockly use, the round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of portable of on-the-spot oxygen, safety, this device can the long period gas processed continuously, the oxygen content of raising human body high-altitude breathing.

In order to realize above-mentioned task, the present invention takes following technical solution to be achieved:

The round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of a kind of portable, is characterized in that, comprises Oxygen tube holding chamber, reservoir chamber and product oxygen reative cell; Wherein:

Described product oxygen reative cell is positioned at orlop, and the inwall that produces oxygen reative cell is coated with heat-absorbing material layer, and the outer insulation material layer that applies, produces in oxygen reative cell and be placed with pulverous potassium superoxide and manganese dioxide;

Producing oxygen reative cell top is reservoir chamber, is provided with outtake tube with the first switch and the water inlet pipe with second switch in reservoir chamber; Wherein, outtake tube one end connects produces oxygen reative cell, and the other end is communicated with Oxygen tube holding chamber through reservoir chamber, is connected with the retraction type Oxygen tube of Oxygen tube and separator tube composition on outtake tube; Described water inlet pipe is communicated with reservoir chamber, enters the inflow that produces oxygen reative cell by second switch control;

Reservoir chamber top is Oxygen tube holding chamber, be used for placing retraction type Oxygen tube, on retraction type Oxygen tube, be connected with face shield, on face shield, there is elastic cord and regulate card, on reservoir chamber, also has Oxygen tube button, Oxygen tube button contacts with retraction type Oxygen tube by spring, ejects outside Oxygen tube holding chamber for controlling retraction type Oxygen tube and face shield.

The shape of described face shield is the nose shape cover matching with face nose.

The first described switch is for adjusting the oxygen concentration of airway.

The using method of the round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of above-mentioned portable, is characterized in that, follows these steps to operation:

In the time that external environment needs oxygenation, open the Oxygen tube button on Oxygen tube holding chamber, retraction type Oxygen tube and face shield are ejected, face shield is worn in nose, use snuffing gas, exhale with mouth;

Enter the inflow that produces oxygen reative cell by second switch control; Regulate the concentration of oxygen intake by the first switch on outtake tube simultaneously;

After the water of reservoir chamber is finished, while still needing oxygenation, cut reservoir chamber with cutter, water inlet pipe is exposed, be blown into carbon dioxide to reative cell from water inlet pipe with mouth.

The round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of portable of the present invention, utilizes the principle of chemical oxygen generation to make, and conceives unique, simple and practical, easy to operate, use safety, is easy to carry, without any negative interaction.Be not subject to the impact of the factors such as external environment, weather, time, temperature.Thereby greatly improve the adaptive capacity of oxygen-increasing device to polar climate, can round-the-clockly use, guaranteed the oxygenation effect at weather condition lower devices such as colds.

In addition, by the improvement of nose shape face shield to increase air concentration in nose subenvironment, in the time of the supercharger work of automatic aerator, people uses snuffing gas, exhales with mouth, can obviously improve the result of use of automatic aerator.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the overall structure figure of the round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of portable of the present invention.Reference numeral wherein represents respectively: 1, Oxygen tube holding chamber, 2, Oxygen tube, 3, separator tube, 4, spring, 5, Oxygen tube button, 6, face shield, 7, the first switch, 8, outtake tube, 9, potassium superoxide, 10, heat-absorbing material layer, 11, elastic cord, 12, regulate card, 13, reservoir chamber, 14, water inlet pipe, 15, second switch, 16, manganese dioxide, 17, oxygen reaction chamber, 18, insulation material layer.

Fig. 2 is the single unit system outline drawing of apparatus of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is that nose shape face shield of the present invention is worn schematic diagram.

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 shows the overall structure of the round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of a kind of portable, comprises Oxygen tube holding chamber 1, reservoir chamber 13 and produces oxygen reative cell 17; Wherein:

Described product oxygen reative cell 17 is positioned at orlop, the inwall that produces oxygen reative cell 17 is coated with heat-absorbing material layer 10, the outer insulation material layer 18 that applies, in product oxygen reative cell 17, being placed with a large amount of pulverous potassium superoxides 9 and a small amount of manganese dioxide 16(potassium superoxide 9 and manganese dioxide 16 can mate according to chemical formula);

Producing oxygen reative cell 17 tops is reservoir chambers 13, is provided with outtake tube with the first switch 78 and the water inlet pipe 14 with second switch 15 in reservoir chamber 13; Wherein, outtake tube 8 one end connect produces oxygen reative cell 17, and the other end is communicated with Oxygen tube holding chamber 1 through reservoir chamber 13, is connected with the retraction type Oxygen tube that Oxygen tube 2 and separator tube 3 form on outtake tube 8; The first switch 7 is for adjusting the oxygen concentration of airway 8.

Described water inlet pipe 14 is communicated with reservoir chamber 13, is controlled and is entered the inflow that produces oxygen reative cell 17 by second switch 15;

Reservoir chamber 13 tops are Oxygen tube holding chambers 1, be used for placing retraction type Oxygen tube, on retraction type Oxygen tube, be connected with face shield 6, on face shield 6, there is elastic cord 11 and regulate card 12, on reservoir chamber 13, also has Oxygen tube button 5, Oxygen tube button 5 contacts with retraction type Oxygen tube by spring 4, for controlling retraction type Oxygen tube and face shield 6 ejects outside Oxygen tube holding chamber 1.

In the present embodiment, the shape of face shield 6 is the nose shape covers that match with face nose.

The difference of this portable round-the-clock chemical enhancement at any time device and conventional oxygen principle is: it is taking potassium superoxide as raw material, taking manganese dioxide as catalyst, by reacting and obtain oxygen with water, in the time that external environment needs keeping for a long time, also can be by the oxygenation of incoming call carbon dioxide.Its reactional equation is shown below:

1)2KO 2+2H 2O=2KOH+H 2O 2+O 2

2)2H 2O 2+MnO 2=2H 2O+O 2

3)4KO 2+2CO 2=2K 2CO 3+3O 2

Therefore, under low air pressure condition, regulate and enter the water yield of producing oxygen reative cell 17 by second switch 15, increase oxygen concentration, make human body in anaerobic environment, obtain normal breathing condition, after use, can obviously alleviate due to headache that anoxic causes, poor appetite, the series of symptoms such as nervous, can play good prevention and treatment to acute high altitude sickness.For army's emergent military operation under altitude environment of large troop formation, there is special result of use, the officers and men of security force are in adaptive capacity and the fighting capacity of highlands conscientiously.And it is little, lightweight, simple to operate to have volume, be not subject to environment temperature, climatic influences, be beneficial to the features such as individual soldier carries.

Fig. 2 shows the round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of portable monnolithic case figure.Mark a represents Oxygen tube button (being the Oxygen tube button 5 of Fig. 1); Mark b represents belt clip; The shell of mark c indication device.This shell adopts the engineering plastics of high strength, light weight to make.There is volume little, lightweight, be beneficial to the feature of carrying.

The face shield 6(nose shape face shield that Fig. 3 shows) wear schematic diagram, when nose shape face shield 6 is worn on nose, in the time that automatic aerator (Fig. 2) is worked, end user uses snuffing gas, exhales with mouth.

The round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of this portable in use, is fixed on the belt of human body waist (Fig. 2), first presses out Oxygen tube button 5, and retraction type Oxygen tube and face shield 6 will eject; Then face shield 6 is worn in nose and formed a local confined space (Fig. 3), open the second switch 15 on water inlet pipe 14, control enters the inflow that produces oxygen reative cell 17, making to produce in oxygen reative cell 17 has oxygen to produce, can adjust by the first switch 7 on outtake tube 8 oxygen concentration of airway 8 simultaneously, to increase the oxygen content in nose air in closed space, user uses snuffing gas, exhales with mouth.For user provides the breathing state of simulated normal pressure, improve the resistance to anoxic of heart and anti-fatigue ability, improve function of human body state and aerobic labour capacity.Applicable to the weather conditions of any environment temperature.

After the water of reservoir chamber 13 is finished, while still needing oxygenation, available cutter cuts reservoir chamber 13, makes to expose into water inlet pipe 14 epimeres, is blown into carbon dioxide to oxygen reaction chamber 17 with mouth from water inlet pipe 14 epimeres, can continue and produce oxygen in oxygen reaction chamber 17.

Claims (3)

1. the round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of portable, is characterized in that, comprises Oxygen tube holding chamber (1), reservoir chamber (13) and produces oxygen reative cell (17); Wherein:
Described product oxygen reative cell (17) is positioned at orlop, the inwall that produces oxygen reative cell (17) is coated with heat-absorbing material layer (10), the outer insulation material layer (18) that applies, is placed with a large amount of pulverous potassium superoxides (9) and a small amount of manganese dioxide (16) in product oxygen reative cell (17);
Producing oxygen reative cell (17) top is reservoir chamber (13), is provided with outtake tube (8) with the first switch (7) and is with the water inlet pipe (14) of second switch (15) in reservoir chamber (13); Wherein, outtake tube (8) one end connects produces oxygen reative cell (17), the other end is communicated with Oxygen tube holding chamber (1) through reservoir chamber (13), is connected with the retraction type Oxygen tube of Oxygen tube (2) and separator tube (3) composition on outtake tube (8); Described water inlet pipe (14) is communicated with reservoir chamber (13), is controlled and is entered the inflow that produces oxygen reative cell (17) by second switch (15); Described the first switch (7) is for adjusting the oxygen concentration of airway (8);
Reservoir chamber (13) top is Oxygen tube holding chamber (1), be used for placing retraction type Oxygen tube, on retraction type Oxygen tube, be connected with face shield (6), on face shield (6), there is elastic cord (11) and regulate card (12), at the upper Oxygen tube button (5) in addition of reservoir chamber (13), Oxygen tube button (5) contacts with retraction type Oxygen tube by spring (4), ejects outside Oxygen tube holding chamber (1) for controlling retraction type Oxygen tube and face shield (6).
2. the round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of portable as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the shape of described face shield (6) is the nose shape cover matching with face nose.
3. the using method of the round-the-clock chemical enhancement device of portable claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, follows these steps to operation:
In the time that external environment needs oxygenation, open the Oxygen tube button on Oxygen tube holding chamber, retraction type Oxygen tube and face shield are ejected, face shield is worn in nose, use snuffing gas, exhale with mouth;
Enter the inflow that produces oxygen reative cell by second switch control; Regulate the concentration of oxygen intake by the first switch on outtake tube simultaneously;
After the water of reservoir chamber is finished, while still needing oxygenation, cut reservoir chamber with cutter, water inlet pipe is exposed, be blown into carbon dioxide to reative cell from water inlet pipe with mouth.
CN201210374880.XA 2012-09-27 2012-09-27 Convenient all-weather chemical oxygenation device and service method thereof CN102872553B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210374880.XA CN102872553B (en) 2012-09-27 2012-09-27 Convenient all-weather chemical oxygenation device and service method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210374880.XA CN102872553B (en) 2012-09-27 2012-09-27 Convenient all-weather chemical oxygenation device and service method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102872553A CN102872553A (en) 2013-01-16
CN102872553B true CN102872553B (en) 2014-09-17

Family

ID=47474204

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210374880.XA CN102872553B (en) 2012-09-27 2012-09-27 Convenient all-weather chemical oxygenation device and service method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102872553B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110051944A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-07-26 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of Backpack type humidification oxygen-increasing device

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109806517A (en) * 2017-11-18 2019-05-28 周小雄 It is a kind of to introduce chemistry raw oxygen inhalation apparatus of the water as reaction medium
CN108939334A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-12-07 任冲 A kind of saving oneself respirator

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2152574Y (en) * 1993-03-12 1994-01-12 李英 Simple adjustable steady-flow oxygen generator
CN2207203Y (en) * 1994-08-23 1995-09-13 孙耀军 Disposable medical oxygen producing bottle
DE29813297U1 (en) * 1998-07-27 1998-11-12 Shih Chih Sheng Handy oxygen generator
CN2339246Y (en) * 1997-07-20 1999-09-22 王六一 Controllable chemical oxygen-producing device
CN2778323Y (en) * 2005-03-16 2006-05-10 黑龙江省森林保护研究所 Chemical oxygen inhalation apparatus for forest fire fighter
AU2007204624A1 (en) * 2006-01-13 2007-07-19 Oxysure Systems, Inc. Method and system for portable breathing devices
CN202105341U (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-11 杭州梅林电器音响有限公司 Oxygen-supply gas defense device for fire rescue

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2152574Y (en) * 1993-03-12 1994-01-12 李英 Simple adjustable steady-flow oxygen generator
CN2207203Y (en) * 1994-08-23 1995-09-13 孙耀军 Disposable medical oxygen producing bottle
CN2339246Y (en) * 1997-07-20 1999-09-22 王六一 Controllable chemical oxygen-producing device
DE29813297U1 (en) * 1998-07-27 1998-11-12 Shih Chih Sheng Handy oxygen generator
CN2778323Y (en) * 2005-03-16 2006-05-10 黑龙江省森林保护研究所 Chemical oxygen inhalation apparatus for forest fire fighter
AU2007204624A1 (en) * 2006-01-13 2007-07-19 Oxysure Systems, Inc. Method and system for portable breathing devices
CN202105341U (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-11 杭州梅林电器音响有限公司 Oxygen-supply gas defense device for fire rescue

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110051944A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-07-26 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of Backpack type humidification oxygen-increasing device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102872553A (en) 2013-01-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4964405A (en) Emergency respiration apparatus
CN104759043B (en) A kind of portable intelligent breathing machine and its intelligent control system
US7210479B2 (en) Hyperoxic breathing system
CN202920765U (en) Breathing mask
US5318019A (en) Emergency portable oxygen supply unit
US6820619B2 (en) Altitude adjustment method and apparatus
US3229681A (en) Warming suit
AU2009282985B2 (en) Devices and methods for minimizing and treating high-altitude sickness
US20130042861A1 (en) Helmet-type personal disaster relief device
CN101503964A (en) Isolation type refuge warehouse
JP2016019747A (en) Emergency breathing apparatus
US2348074A (en) Breathing apparatus
ES2231985T3 (en) Method and device of autonomous production and enrichment of respiratory gas and supply of gas respiratory to divers in extreme depths.
US7513251B2 (en) Hand-held potassium super oxide oxygen generating apparatus
CA2056211C (en) Totally encapsulated suit protection equipment
CN105063652A (en) Safe portable multifunctional oxygen-hydrogen integrated machine
CA2625592A1 (en) Breathing apparatus
CN203763696U (en) Movable integrated air purification mask device
CN202457002U (en) Backpack type self-purifying water bag for individual solider
CN101376428A (en) Portable personal self-operating life tube
CN205524887U (en) Can throw life buoy with function of generating heat
CN102488951B (en) Oxy-hydrogen breathing machine
CN202140113U (en) Isolation type chemical-oxygen self-rescuer
CN104027901A (en) Mask carbon-oxygen exchange type spontaneous respirator and method for manufacturing same
ES8107029A1 (en) Breathing apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140917

Termination date: 20170927

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee