CN102866313B - Power tunnel cable running status comprehensive monitoring and controlling method - Google Patents

Power tunnel cable running status comprehensive monitoring and controlling method Download PDF

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CN102866313B
CN102866313B CN201210332411.1A CN201210332411A CN102866313B CN 102866313 B CN102866313 B CN 102866313B CN 201210332411 A CN201210332411 A CN 201210332411A CN 102866313 B CN102866313 B CN 102866313B
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cable
monitoring
equipment
tunnel
data
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CN102866313A (en
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张鹏
吴建冬
袁美英
杨震威
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Conway Communication Technology Co., Ltd
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Shandong Conwell Communication Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of power tunnel cable running status comprehensive monitoring and controlling method, step is as follows: 1) by the monitor terminal image data be installed in electric power tunnel; 2) data upload gathered by monitor terminal is to monitoring host computer; 3) data received are transferred to monitor supervision platform by the mode of TCP/IP Ethernet interface by monitoring host computer, monitor supervision platform is to the monitor data analyzing and processing of Real-time Collection, analysis result real-time exhibition monitor equipment status, so that provide effective Monitoring Data for managerial personnel, analyzing failure cause or early warning in early stage, various detection data are as the foundation judging cable health status.The method can accomplish that carrying out analysis to the health status of cable at any time judges, accomplishing protects in advance or adopt an effective measure prevents the generation of fault.

Description

Power tunnel cable running status comprehensive monitoring and controlling method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of power tunnel cable running status comprehensive monitoring and controlling method.
Background technology
At present, along with urban power consumption improves constantly, the construction of electric power tunnel is also flourish, the thing followed is exactly the detection to power cable safety, the existing detection method to power cable has had a lot, traditional monitor mode generally adopts the operation conditions of the mode of periodical inspection and maintenance to underground electric power tunnel to check, this mode can cause a large amount of manpower wastes and much potential defect pipelines to find, and some modern surveillance and control measures, achieve fixing by some tunnel of high-tech technology, discrete on-line checkingi mode, but be all just can detect after cable fault occurs, do not have to realize carrying out comprehensive diagnos to the health status of cable, early warning and judgement can not be carried out in advance, once tunnel cable has an accident or disaster all can have influence on the life security of constructing tunnel personnel and the life of people, cause economic massive losses, what how could accomplish obviate cable fault and accident is supvrs' urgent problem of present electric power tunnel.
Chinese patent application 200710086669.7 discloses a kind of cable running safety monitoring method, and it sends warning message by the fixed threshold that presets and trend threshold value in time to cable core overheat condition; Described cable postitallation evaluation method is cable meter temperature, the gentle cable current value of ring according to certain hour my wife autostore, set up cable meter temperature regression model, prediction cable meter temperature operation trend, by the mathematical analysis to predicted value and measured value residual error, propose to evaluate to the quality of cable running status.But the application is only the monitoring to cable current value and temperature, monitoring method is relatively single, and picture water logging, harmful gas exceeds standard, outside illegal invasion etc. is also the key factor of impact to voltage cable running safety, the external environment condition of cable is not analyzed and monitored in this application, and when monitoring a large amount of cable operation conditions, comprehensively do not analyze affecting the various Monitoring Data of cable running safety, statistics and arrangement, user is difficult to the integrated operation situation comprehensively grasping cable, can not be clear see the potential safety hazard that cable may exist within certain period.
Chinese patent application 200710178454.8 discloses a kind of high-tension cable net centralized monitoring system and method, this system comprises: infrastructure module, collect for the one or more data in the well lid data to high-tension cable net, Data Wireline data, production management data, cable temperature measurement data, customer data and repairing data, resource consolidation module, for infrastructure module is collected data analysis, standardization, transmission and/or store, to form system resource storehouse; And application module, for the analysis data according to the regarding high-pressure cable system stored in system resource storehouse, indicating user operates high-tension cable net.Wherein, infrastructure module also for show about high-tension cable net analysis data and support between user communication.But the cable monitoring data that this application collects are discrete, not to cable and tunnel according to specific process comprehensive analysis processing data.When monitoring a large amount of cable operation conditions, user is often it is seen that a pile monitoring point alarm data, and be difficult to the integrated operation situation comprehensively grasping cable, the time of at substantial is needed to go to check, add up and disposal data, the concrete grammar to the data analysis gathered is not mentioned in this application yet, do not mention and how the data analysis gathered being arranged, clearly can not see the potential safety hazard that may exist of each bar cable in each tunnel yet.
Chinese patent application 201110059637.4 discloses a kind of mine high-voltage cable on-line fault diagnosis and method for early warning, comprises single-chip microcomputer collection transmission, FPGA collection transmission, industrial computer communication, local discharge characteristic extraction, PD Pattern Recognition, fault diagnosis and early warning, database purchase and man-machine interface and shows eight steps; STC89C51 single-chip microcomputer sends data to FPGA after gathering cable temperature and insulation resistance; FPGA gathers local discharge signal, and whole feature is sent to industrial computer; In Virtual instrument LabVIEW, extract shelf depreciation statistical characteristic value after industrial computer receives whole characteristic signal, identify discharge mode, early warning cable incipient fault, implementation data and early warning information are stored in industrial computer data storehouse shoulder to shoulder; Aboveground dispatch center computer is shown by Ethernet detection data, early warning information, static parameter, test data and record of examination and inquires about.But this application is only the monitoring to cable current value, cable temperature and Partial Discharge Data, monitoring method is more single, the external environment condition of cable is not monitored, and exceed standard as water logging, harmful gas, key factor that the Exterior cable environment such as outside illegal invasion is also impact to voltage cable running safety; And this application is not also comprehensively analyzed the data monitored, the open-and-shut people of allowing can not understand where this cable exists potential safety hazard, more comprehensively can not see in all cables, which bar cable has problem.This patent has not only carried out labor to the data of cable body, but also the environment of Exterior cable is analyzed, and when monitoring a large amount of cable operation conditions, comprehensively analyzing affecting the various Monitoring Data of cable running safety, user can be made comprehensively to grasp the integrated operation situation of cable.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for overcoming above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of power tunnel cable running status comprehensive monitoring and controlling method is provided, this can accomplish that carrying out analysis to the health status of cable at any time judges, accomplishing protects in advance or adopt an effective measure prevents the generation of fault.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical proposals:
A kind of power tunnel cable running status comprehensive monitoring and controlling method, step is as follows:
1) by the monitor terminal image data be installed in electric power tunnel;
2) data upload gathered by monitor terminal is to monitoring host computer;
3) data received are transferred to monitor supervision platform by the mode of TCP/IP Ethernet interface by monitoring host computer, monitor supervision platform is to the monitor data analyzing and processing of Real-time Collection, analysis result real-time exhibition monitor equipment status, so that provide effective Monitoring Data for managerial personnel, analyzing failure cause or early warning in early stage, various detection data are as the foundation judging cable health status.
Monitor data analyzing and processing in described step 3) comprises the following steps:
(1) configuration diagnostics analytical model;
Configuration monitoring item, comprises following content: monitoring item comprises two large classes: cable body operational monitoring and the monitoring of cable safety of surrounding environment; The monitoring that cable body runs: comprise shield circulating current/running current monitoring, optical fiber temperature-measurement, the monitoring of cable record ripple, partial discharge monitoring, temperature of cable junction monitoring; Cable safety of surrounding environment is monitored: comprise well lid monitoring, cable tunnel water level monitoring, cable tunnel harmful gas (comprising carbon monoxide content, methane content, hydrogen sulfide content, oxygen content in air) monitoring;
(2) be diagnostic analysis model that cable configurations is corresponding;
(3) according to diagnostic analysis model to cable monitoring data analysis;
First discrete data sorted out during Data analysis, the data gathered by all kinds of monitor terminal carry out taxonomic revision; Data analysis carries out analyzing according to the comprehensive descision standard of analytical model, system will be divided into two classes according to monitored object difference: cable tunnel environment monitoring and the monitoring of cable operation conditions, according to the configuration of diagnostic analysis model, the state of the Monitoring Data that analyses item by item, during data analysis, cable tunnel environment monitoring analyzes the equipment of testing environment in whole tunnel, and cable operation conditions monitoring analysis analyzes for the equipment that certain cable mounts; The health level of equipment is: normal, note, abnormal and serious, according to different health level, system can provide different suggestions and conclusion, and wherein the menace level of health level order is from low to high: normal, note, abnormal and serious; Mark for this monitoring item according to different equipment states, and treatment advice is provided to this state;
Analysis process is as follows:
A, research and application item health status;
B, calculating monitoring item score;
C, draw each monitoring item treatment advice;
D, Macro or mass analysis result;
(4) analysis result is exported, so that user checks with man-machine interface, html, Word mode.
Monitor terminal of the present invention is a kind of hardware device adopting high integration and ultralow Consumption, this equipment is the existing equipment (model of equipment: CT-SDV, manufacturer: Shandong Cantwell Communication Technology Co., Ltd.), this equipment is installed in electric power tunnel, environmental data various in electric power tunnel is gathered, then by data upload to monitoring host computer.
Monitoring host computer (monitoring host computer is prior art, product type: CT-RJ) is the equipment connecting monitor supervision platform and monitor terminal, and the device data that its acquisition monitoring terminal collects, is sent to monitor supervision platform after data encapsulation.The data received are transferred to monitor supervision platform in the mode of TCP/IP Ethernet interface by monitoring host computer.
Monitor supervision platform is Real-time real-time monitoring platform, possesses data receiver, function that data processing, alarm generation, real time monitoring, history are checked.Monitor supervision platform supports the access of multiple common equipment, can control monitored equipment fast and data respond, and has open framework, is convenient to the access of expanded function and third-party platform.
If the diagnostic analysis model carried in monitor supervision platform in the present invention can satisfy the demands, then directly can use, if can not meet, then can expand on the diagnostic analysis model basis carried or the newly-built diagnostic analysis model of foundation diagnostic analysis method.This expansion and newly-built diagnostic analysis model well known to a person skilled in the art technology, belongs to software aspects, repeat no more.
The present invention self is with diagnostic analysis model, and user can modify in conjunction with actual conditions on the basis of this diagnostic analysis model again.Diagnostic analysis model is health status in order to analyze cable and the one group of comprehensive descision standard provided.In order to the convenience configured, give tacit consent to general diagnostic analysis model in system, all tunnels can according to this model configuration diagnostics analytical model; Also can be that every bar tunnel customizes different analytical models according to the different situations in tunnel.
The diagnostic criteria model that existence one is general is given tacit consent in system, when for every bar tunnel configuration model, if the inapplicable existing tunnel of Gneral analysis model, multiple diagnostic criteria model can be added, for current cable arranges an applicable diagnostic model, when data analysis, Gernral Check-up analysis will be carried out according to new standard.
According to diagnostic analysis model to cable monitoring data analysis, analysis process is:
A), the health status of research and application item.
During data analysis, according to judging healthy condition, cable tunnel environment monitoring carries out state analysis judgement to the equipment of testing environment in whole tunnel, if judge that certain equipment is abnormal, the state of just getting that the highest equipment of this kind of equipment health level is presented in the status bar of this kind of equipment; If judge that all equipment states are all normal, the equipment state just showing this kind of equipment is normal.Cable operation conditions monitoring analysis carries out analysis for the monitoring equipment that certain cable mounts to judge, if judge that certain equipment is abnormal, the state of just getting that the highest equipment of this kind of equipment health level is presented in the status bar of this kind of equipment; If judge that all equipment states are all normal, the equipment state just showing this kind of equipment is normal.The health level of equipment is: normal, note, abnormal and serious, according to different health level, system can provide different suggestions and conclusion, and wherein the menace level of health level order is from high to low: serious, exception, attention and normal.
B), according to the weight proportion of monitoring item, for monitoring item is given a mark.
The score of each cable health condition is proportion display tunnel environment score shared by each equipment of tunnel of configuration and cable situation score, is normal equipment for health level, and score is exactly its weight; Be the equipment noted for health level, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 70%; For the equipment that health level is abnormal, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 50%; For the equipment that health level is serious, must 0 be divided into.It is exactly the healthy score of this cable that tunnel environment score and cable situation score add up.
C), according to the health status of monitoring item, treatment advice is provided.
According to the health status of all devices in tunnel, the health status of various dissimilar equipment can be drawn, according to the analytical model of health status and configuration, in analytical model, find corresponding health status, just can obtain corresponding treatment advice.
D), by all states of this cable and mark gather, draw total state and the total score of this cable, finally a treatment advice is provided to cable.
The healthy score of cable is added according to tunnel environment score in tunnel and cable operation conditions monitoring score and gets.
Whether to tunnel cable healthy conclusion show according to the most serious health level in enviromental monitoring equipments all in this tunnel and all monitoring equipments of this cable, if the most serious state of all devices is abnormal in certain cable, so the healthy conclusion of this cable is exactly abnormal.
Analysis result exports in the mode such as man-machine interface, html, Word, for user provides the displaying interface of list intuitively, chart, form.The way of output has two kinds of forms generally, respectively: the running status of all cables gathers displaying and single cable monitoring running state data detail is shown, wherein gather the health status seeing all tunnel cables that displaying can be overall, the intelligent diagnostics of each tunnel cable of real time inspection gathers, and single cable Condition Monitoring Data run detail show can be detailed the health status seeing all devices in this tunnel cable, check the detailed health and fitness information of all types equipment in each tunnel, health index report can be generated, be convenient to managerial personnel and make correct decision-making.Showing interface goes on to go according to cable tunnel environment monitoring and the monitoring of cable operation conditions and shows.Cable tunnel environment monitoring comprises following content: well lid monitoring, monitoring water level, harmful gas monitoring (oxygen content in air, carbon monoxide, sulfuretted hydrogen), environment temperature, cable operation conditions monitoring comprise following content: running current, shield circulating current/running current, cable street corner surface temperature, office put.According to analysis result, the health level of equipment is: normal, note, abnormal and serious, the different health level of equipment in interface display, can allow staff see the health status of equipment more intuitively with different colors.
The all cables of comprehensive intelligent research and application of the present invention, the aggregation of data that is various discrete, dispersion of power cable operational monitoring can be got up analyze, not only can diagnose the running status of cable body, also can the external environment condition that cable runs be diagnosed safely.Can the state of the operation health status of comprehensive and accurate analysis cable and the environment of periphery, every service data of all cables of monitoring is concentrated and displays, with the running status marking that the mode of centesimal system scoring is every bar cable, the health status of each cable is drawn according to the difference of watch-dog, in tunnel, each equipment health level is divided into four kinds: normal, note, abnormal and serious, draw for different health status and analyze conclusion accordingly, mark according to diagnostic result, evaluate, and corresponding treatment advice is provided to dangerous item, finally provide the conclusion of cable running status, and treatment advice is provided to the cable gone wrong.
Analysis result exports in the mode such as man-machine interface, html, Word, can in this tunnel of interface display the health status of all devices, system also can provide the intelligent diagnostics summary report of a tunnel ruuning situation, since showing certain period in report in all tunnels, the health status of all devices, enables user conveniently get information about every operational factor of cable, makes reference to give tunnel management person, accomplish obviate and process rapidly afterwards, to ensure the safety in tunnel.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, by carrying out intellectual analysis to electric power tunnel device data, draw the health index of each cable, realize the intelligent management to electric power tunnel, system also can provide the intelligent diagnostics summary report of a tunnel ruuning situation, make in system run equipment in units of tunnel, real-time carrying out checks the potential safety hazard existed in tunnel, safe investigation can be accomplished at any time, according to the suggestion provided in statement-of-health, can make a concrete analysis of in light of the circumstances, make effective improvement, investigation, maintenance measure, the generation of effective Accident prevention, the expansion of disaster, reduce loss to greatest extent.According to tunnel environment monitoring result intelligent scheduling, automatic ventilation, draining, realize intelligent monitoring and the adjustment of tunnel environment, and the equipment reliability service such as power cable in protection tunnel, ensure that the life security of staff and the safety of equipment in tunnel.Since showing certain period in the report that system provides in all tunnels, the health status of all devices, makes reference to tunnel management person, to accomplish obviate and to process rapidly afterwards, ensures the safety of tunnel cable.This method achieves obviate and processes rapidly afterwards, for the safety of electric power tunnel escorts.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the method system schematic diagram of cable running status comprehensive diagnos of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that whether healthy cable of the present invention run error comprehensive diagnosis method process flow diagram;
Fig. 3 is cable monitoring data analysis flowcharts;
Wherein 1. allocation modelss, 2. cable analysis model is set, 3. cable monitoring data analysis, 4. analysis result display, 5. research and application item health status, 6. calculate monitoring item score, 7. draw each monitoring item treatment advice, 8. Macro or mass analysis result, 9. monitor supervision platform, 10. monitoring host computer, 11. monitor terminals.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
As shown in Figure 1, whether healthy a kind of cable run error comprehensive diagnosis method system schematic, and it comprises monitor supervision platform 9, and the monitoring host computer 10 be connected successively with monitor supervision platform 9 and monitor terminal 11.
Monitoring host computer 10 is arranged in transformer station, as the medium between monitor supervision platform 9 and monitor terminal 11, realize the conversion of the communication protocol of monitor supervision platform 9 network service and monitor terminal 11, realize the remote power feeding to monitor terminal 11, communication such as to patrol and examine at a series of function.
Monitor terminal 11 can detect cable sheath ground current and fault current, and monitor terminal 11 adopts ultralow Consumption, the Real-Time Monitoring that cannot realize under achieving conventional power consumption and collection.
Adopt bus to be connected between monitor terminal 11 with monitoring host computer 10, by monitoring host computer 10 remote power feeding, communication adopts polling mode.
As Fig. 2, allocation models 1, first Allocation Analysis model was needed before to data analysis, the configuration of model is that the comprehensive descision standard provided according to electrical management personnel has been configured, in order to the convenience configured, can set up general analytical model, all tunnels can use this model to be configured; And according to the different situations in tunnel, also can be the analytical model that every bar tunnel configuration is different.Analytical model can add multiple new model according to actual conditions, provides the comprehensive descision standard that many covers are new, and make it the needs meeting configuration, each diagnostic model goes for different tunnels; Also can copy any one analytical model, on this basis model be modified operation, modify in the basis of the model that also can exist at any one; Same, if feel certain analytical model with less than, this analytical model can be deleted.
During allocation models 1, can also add at any time according to the difference of erecting equipment in tunnel or the kind of sweep equipment, different diagnostic criteria and health indicator can be set to the kind of different watch-dogs.According to the kind of tunnel physical device, the significance level of various equipment health can arrange the weight in tunnel shared by often kind of equipment, it is 100 that the weight of all devices adds up, the weight having four kinds of equipment to arrange in a such as tunnel is respectively: 50,20,20,10, and all weights are accumulated as 100.
Cable analysis model 2 is set, this step will be configured binding analytical model for needing the cable of integrated diagnosing and analyzing, select the analytical model that the cable binding needing allocation models is applicable to, also can unbind for the model bound, the cable after unbind can continue the analytical model of binding other.The diagnostic criteria model that existence one is general is given tacit consent in system, when for every bar tunnel configuration model, if the inapplicable existing tunnel of Gneral analysis model, multiple diagnostic criteria model can be added, for current cable arranges an applicable diagnostic model, when data analysis, health index analysis will be carried out according to new standard.
Cable monitoring data analysis 3, need the discrete data detected to sort out during analysis, by taxonomic revisions such as shield circulating current/running current, Partial Discharge Data, optical fiber temperature-measurement data, record ripple current data, well lid data, waterlevel data, harmful gas data.Then according to the configuration of diagnostic analysis model, the state of the Monitoring Data that analyses item by item, for this monitoring item is marked, and provides treatment advice to this state.
The system equipment that can carry out health analysis in tunnel mainly contains well lid monitoring, running current, shield circulating current/running current monitoring, cable surface temperature, monitoring water level, office put, oxygen content in air, carbon monoxide content, sulfuretted hydrogen, environment temperature.Data analysis carries out analyzing according to the comprehensive descision standard of analytical model, system is mainly divided into two classes according to monitored object difference: cable tunnel environment monitoring and the monitoring of cable operation conditions, wherein cable tunnel environment monitoring comprises following content: well lid monitoring, monitoring water level, harmful gas monitoring (oxygen content in air, carbon monoxide, sulfuretted hydrogen), environment temperature, cable operation conditions monitoring comprise following content: running current, shield circulating current/running current, cable street corner surface temperature, office put.According to the configuration of diagnostic analysis model, the state of the Monitoring Data that analyses item by item, during data analysis, the health level of equipment is: normal, note, abnormal and serious, according to different health level, system can provide different suggestions and conclusion, and wherein the menace level of health level order is from low to high: normal, note, abnormal and serious.Mark for this monitoring item according to different equipment states, and treatment advice is provided to this state.
During data analysis, according to judging healthy condition, cable tunnel environment monitoring carries out state analysis judgement to the equipment of testing environment in whole tunnel, if judge that certain equipment is abnormal, the state of just getting that the highest equipment of this kind of equipment health level is presented in the status bar of this kind of equipment; If judge that all equipment states are all normal, the equipment state just showing this kind of equipment is normal.Cable operation conditions monitoring analysis carries out analysis for the monitoring equipment that certain cable mounts to judge, shows the state of most menace level according to the result of discriminatory analysis.The score of each cable health condition is proportion display tunnel environment score shared by each equipment of tunnel of configuration and cable situation score, is normal equipment for health level, and score is exactly its weight; Be the equipment noted for health level, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 70%; For the equipment that health level is abnormal, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 50%; For the equipment that health level is serious, must 0 be divided into.It is exactly the healthy score of this cable that tunnel environment score and cable situation score add up.Whether to tunnel cable healthy conclusion show according to the most serious health level in enviromental monitoring equipments all in this tunnel and all monitoring equipments of this cable.
Analysis result display 4, is presented to the display platform of user, exports as user provides the displaying interface of list intuitively, chart, form in the mode such as man-machine interface, html, Word.Showing interface is mainly divided into intelligent diagnostics to gather the details display of displaying and each tunnel device.Intelligent diagnostics gathers the health status of showing all cables of display, every bar cable all according to cable tunnel environment monitoring and cable operation conditions monitoring display, shows the health level of each classification equipment in each tunnel, environment score, cable operation conditions score, tunnel cable PTS and conclusion.Cable tunnel environment monitoring and cable operation conditions monitoring equipment health level are respectively: normal, note, abnormal and seriously, different health level in interface display, can allow staff see the health status of equipment more intuitively with different colors.Through the analytical calculation to tunnel environment and cable monitoring equipment, show tunnel environment score and the cable monitoring score of each bar cable respectively, tunnel environment score and the addition of cable monitoring score are exactly the PTS of this tunnel cable.Whether healthy conclusion is health level the most serious inside all devices in this cable of display to tunnel cable.The details of each tunnel device show in details page, show according to distinct device type packet, in the every type of detailed display each equipment state value, on the last time state for time and equipment whether normal, the health analysis result of this group equipment is provided according to health status, analysis conclusion is presented at interface, state and the health status of all devices in tunnel can be seen more intuitively.And system gives a pie chart drawn according to the weight of all kinds equipment, whole system is made to look more directly perceived.Most importantly system can also generate the health index report of each bar cable and whole system, makes judging more accurately for tunnel management person.
As Fig. 3, cable monitoring data analysis flowcharts, analysis process is divided into following 4 steps.
1), research and application item health status 5;
2) monitoring item score 6, is calculated;
3), each monitoring item treatment advice 7 is drawn;
4), Macro or mass analysis result 8.
Detailed analytic methods is carried out according to above 4 steps
1), research and application item health status 5
Monitoring item is exactly the item needing to carry out tunnel cable research and application, when carrying out health status analysis to every bar cable, analytical model according to this cable configurations is analyzed, cable is run health status and is divided into four ranks by us: normal, note, abnormal, serious, during data analysis, according to judging healthy condition, all devices in certain equipment in certain tunnel cable is judged, judges that the health status of certain type equipment is exactly the state of that the highest equipment of this kind of equipment health level.Such as to shield circulating current/running current monitoring, " shield circulating current/running current " is the important parameter that cable health is run, the whether healthy operation of cable is analyzed to us significant.According to correlation theory and practical experience for many years, we think that " shield circulating current/running current "≤10% is normal condition under normal circumstances, 10% < shield circulating current/running current≤15% is attention state, 15% < shield circulating current/running current≤20% is abnormality, and 20% < shield circulating current/running current is severe conditions.Under the occasion that some are special, 10%, 15%, 20% can adjust according to actual conditions.When analysis health status, calculate shield circulating current/running current state value between which state area, just belong to which kind of health status.So the most serious state of the equipment of this type is exactly the health status of this kind of equipment on this cable.
2), monitoring item score 6 is calculated, according to the weight proportion of monitoring item, for monitoring item is given a mark
The score of each cable health condition is proportion display tunnel environment score shared by each equipment of tunnel of configuration and cable situation score, under default situations, is normal equipment for health level, and score is exactly its weight; Be the equipment noted for health level, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 70%; For the equipment that health level is abnormal, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 50%; For the equipment that health level is serious, must be divided into 0, above weight proportion can adjust as the case may be.It is exactly the healthy score of this cable that tunnel environment score and cable situation score add up.
3), each monitoring item treatment advice 7 is drawn.According to the health status of monitoring item, provide treatment advice
According to the health status of monitoring item in tunnel, search the suggestion of each state processing in the analytical model of configuration, in analytical model, find corresponding health status, provide rational treatment advice according to health status.
4), Macro or mass analysis result 8.
All states of cable and mark are gathered, draws total state and the total score of this cable, finally conclusion, i.e. a treatment advice are provided to cable, so that user tackles cable alarm situation.
The healthy PTS of cable is added according to tunnel environment score in tunnel and cable operation conditions monitoring score and gets.
Whether to tunnel cable healthy conclusion show according to the most serious health level in enviromental monitoring equipments all in this tunnel and all monitoring equipments of this cable, if the most serious state of all devices is abnormal in certain cable, so the healthy conclusion of this cable is exactly abnormal.
Table 1 is for calculating the healthy score of tunnel cable and healthy conclusion table, in form, in the monitoring of certain power tunnel environment, well lid, temperature, oxygen content in air, carbon monoxide content and water level proportion are respectively: 5,5,2,3,5, so environmental monitoring proportion is 20; Running current, shield circulating current/running current, cable splice surface temperature, office put proportion and are respectively: 20,20,20,20, so cable situation proportion proportion is 80, environmental monitoring proportion 20 and cable situation proportion 80 sum are 100.
Table 1
If have the health status of equipment in water level equipment for abnormal, the algorithm according to healthy score: be normal equipment for health level, score is exactly its weight; Be the equipment noted for health level, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 70%; For the equipment that health level is abnormal, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 50%; For the equipment that health level is serious, must 0 be divided into.Health level due to water level is abnormal, and the weight of water level is 5, so must be divided into: 5 are multiplied by 50%, calculate the score for: 2.5, because in environmental monitoring, other equipment are all normal, so other equipment scores are all full marks, so environment must be divided into: 5+5+5+2.5=17.5; Because cable operation conditions monitoring equipment is all normal, so score is all full marks, so cable detection must be divided into: 20+20+20+20=80, so must being divided into of this tunnel cable: 17.5+80=97.5.For healthy conclusion be exactly in all devices type health level the most serious be namely the healthy conclusion of this cable, so the healthy conclusion of cable is: abnormal.
By reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the present invention is described although above-mentioned; but not limiting the scope of the invention; one of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that; on the basis of technical scheme of the present invention, those skilled in the art do not need to pay various amendment or distortion that creative work can make still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a power tunnel cable running status comprehensive monitoring and controlling method, is characterized in that, step is as follows:
1) by the monitor terminal image data be installed in electric power tunnel;
2) data upload gathered by monitor terminal is to monitoring host computer;
3) data received are transferred to monitor supervision platform by the mode of TCP/IP Ethernet interface by monitoring host computer, monitor supervision platform is to the cable monitoring Data Analysis Services of Real-time Collection, analysis result real-time exhibition monitor equipment status, so that provide effective cable monitoring data for managerial personnel, analyzing failure cause or early warning in early stage, various cable monitoring data are as the foundation judging cable health status; Monitor supervision platform is Real-time real-time monitoring platform, possesses data receiver, function that data processing, alarm generation, real time monitoring, history are checked; Monitor supervision platform supports the access of multiple common equipment, can control monitored equipment fast and data respond, and has open framework, is convenient to the access of expanded function and third-party platform;
Cable monitoring Data Analysis Services comprises the following steps:
(1) configuration diagnostics analytical model;
Configuration monitoring item, comprises following content: monitoring item comprises two large classes: cable body operational monitoring and the monitoring of cable safety of surrounding environment; The monitoring that cable body runs: comprise shield circulating current/running current monitoring, optical fiber temperature-measurement, the monitoring of cable record ripple, partial discharge monitoring, temperature of cable junction monitoring; Cable safety of surrounding environment is monitored: comprise well lid monitoring, cable tunnel water level monitoring, cable tunnel monitoring harmful gases;
(2) be diagnostic analysis model that cable configurations is corresponding;
(3) according to diagnostic analysis model to cable monitoring data analysis;
First discrete data sorted out during data analysis, the data gathered by all kinds of monitor terminal carry out taxonomic revision; Data analysis carries out analyzing according to the comprehensive descision standard of diagnostic analysis model, system will be divided into two classes according to monitored object difference: cable tunnel environment monitoring and the monitoring of cable operation conditions, according to the configuration of diagnostic analysis model, the state of the cable monitoring data that analyse item by item, during data analysis, cable tunnel environment monitoring analyzes the equipment of testing environment in whole tunnel, and the monitoring of cable operation conditions analyzes for the monitoring equipment that certain cable mounts; The health level of equipment is: normal, note, abnormal and serious, according to different health level, system can provide different suggestions and conclusion, and wherein the menace level of health level order is from low to high: normal, note, abnormal and serious; Mark for this monitoring item according to different equipment states, and treatment advice is provided to this state;
Analysis process is as follows:
A), the health status of research and application item;
During data analysis, according to judging healthy condition, cable tunnel environment monitoring carries out state analysis judgement to the equipment of testing environment in whole tunnel, if judge that certain equipment is abnormal, the state of just getting that the highest equipment of this kind of equipment health level is presented in the status bar of this kind of equipment; If judge that all equipment states are all normal, the state just showing this kind of equipment is normal; The monitoring of cable operation conditions carries out analysiss judgement for the monitoring equipment that certain cable mounts, if judge that certain equipment is abnormal, the state of just getting that the highest equipment of this kind of equipment health level is presented in the status bar of this kind of equipment; If judge that all equipment states are all normal, the state just showing this kind of equipment is normal; The health level of equipment is: normal, note, abnormal and serious, according to different health level, system can provide different suggestions and conclusion, and wherein the menace level of health level order is from high to low: serious, exception, attention and normal;
B), according to the weight proportion of monitoring item, for monitoring item is given a mark;
The score of each cable health condition is proportion display tunnel environment score shared by each equipment of tunnel of configuration and cable operation conditions monitoring score, is normal equipment for health level, and score is exactly its weight; Be the equipment noted for health level, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 70%; For the equipment that health level is abnormal, score is exactly that its weight is multiplied by 50%; For the equipment that health level is serious, must 0 be divided into; It is exactly the healthy score of this cable that tunnel environment score and cable operation conditions monitoring score add up;
C), according to the health status of monitoring item, treatment advice is provided;
According to the health status of all devices in tunnel, the health status of various dissimilar equipment can be drawn, according to the diagnostic analysis model of health status and configuration, in diagnostic analysis model, find corresponding health status, just can obtain corresponding treatment advice;
D), by all states of this cable and mark gather, draw total state and the total score of this cable, finally a treatment advice is provided to cable;
The healthy score of cable is added according to tunnel environment score in tunnel and cable operation conditions monitoring score and gets;
Whether to tunnel cable healthy conclusion show according to the most serious health level in enviromental monitoring equipments all in this tunnel and all monitoring equipments of this cable, if the most serious state of all devices is abnormal in certain cable, so the healthy conclusion of this cable is exactly abnormal;
(4) analysis result is exported, so that user checks with man-machine interface, html, Word mode.
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