CN102864752B - Multifunctional cleaning vehicle for road washing operation - Google Patents

Multifunctional cleaning vehicle for road washing operation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102864752B
CN102864752B CN201210376517.1A CN201210376517A CN102864752B CN 102864752 B CN102864752 B CN 102864752B CN 201210376517 A CN201210376517 A CN 201210376517A CN 102864752 B CN102864752 B CN 102864752B
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China
Prior art keywords
spray
shower nozzle
cylinder
valve
round brush
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CN102864752A (en
Inventor
苏立明
蒋厂
孟祥民
缪海
李建敏
刘哲
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Beijing Huanya Lidu Investment Co.,Ltd.
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BEIJING HUANLI CLEANING SERVICE CENTER
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional cleaning vehicle for road washing operation. The multifunctional cleaning vehicle comprises a vehicle with a water storage tank. The multifunctional cleaning vehicle is characterized in that sweeping operation is completed by an axial and horizontal rolling brush positioned at the front of a vehicle head, the rolling brush is driven by driving machines and can be driven by lifting and steering hydraulic cylinders to ascend, descend or turn to different directions, water is sprayed to the front of the vehicle and two sides of the ground below the rolling brush and the vehicle via a vehicular fire pump and a water path system, the various driving machines, the cylinders and valves are electrically and automatically controlled by a control system, switches are disposed in a cab and can be controlled by an operator, and LED indicator lamps are additionally mounted on a vehicle body. The mechanical and automatic road washing operation is realized by the aid of the automatic control system in the cab; the high-pressure water and the rolling brush are operated, so that the sweeping efficiency is high; stains or ice layers or accumulated snow on the ground can be washed, so that the cleaning vehicle is multifunctional; and the multifunctional cleaning vehicle can be used for roads, squares and footways, can also be used for manually sweeping small-area stains, and is high in applicability.

Description

All-purpose road is scrubbed operation cleaning cart
Technical field
The invention belongs to cleaning environmental sanitation field, city, relate in particular to a kind of all-purpose road and scrub operation cleaning cart.
Background technology
The urbanization process that is accompanied by China is more and more faster, and it is large that city becomes, and road, square, park become many, and it is more and more important and heavy that the cleaning cleaning in city becomes.But in a lot of cities of current China, still rely on hand sweeping, not only labour intensity is large for the mode of hand sweeping, efficiency is low, and cleaning is not thorough, easily forms secondary pollution.In order to replace pure hand sweeping, a lot of entity and individual invent or have improved semi-automatic, automatic cleaning machine device, but these mechanical clearing apparatus have various deficiencies.For example common sprinkling truck only has sprinkle water function, there is no cleaning function; Common road-sweeper does not possess watering, snow removing function; Inconvenient when Large Clean car cleans among a small circle spot, during small-sized cleaning vehicle cleaning large area road surface, efficiency is too low; Be directed to pure-suction type, dust-absorption sweeping type and three kinds of road cleaners of pure sweeping of disclosing or used at present, first two is because dust suction dustbin volume is little, sweeping efficiency is low, and the latter's airborne dust secondary pollution is serious; Cleaning intensity vehicle high, that efficiency is high is advanced dumb, and wastes resource while sometimes cleaning among a small circle spot; Small-sized cleaning vehicle can clean spot among a small circle targetedly, but cannot carry out again the high efficiency road-cleaning work of large area on a large scale.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of all-purpose road and scrub operation cleaning cart, can high efficiency cleaning roads, adapt to multiple clean occasion, and can not produce airborne dust secondary pollution.
The present invention is by the following technical solutions:
All-purpose road is scrubbed an operation cleaning cart, comprises the automobile, clearing apparatus, water injector, the control system that are loaded with water tank,
Described clearing apparatus is positioned at headstock 401 the place aheads, and described clearing apparatus comprises round brush part, power section, support section and lifting knuckle section;
Described round brush partly comprises that round brush 301 is fixedly mounted on the roller brush shaft 3012 that axis is horizontal direction, described round brush 301 tops arrange a round brush upper cover 3011, described round brush upper cover is the first half of semi-cylindrical shells and coated round brush 301, and described round brush upper cover two ends are fixedly connected on the two ends of roller brush shaft 3012 by bearing;
Described power section comprises the driving cabinet 3041 being fixed in round brush upper cover 3011, be fixed on the driving machine 1 driving in cabinet and drive the power transmission shaft 306 of horizontal direction to rotate by chain wheel set 1, power transmission shaft 306 is connected the two ends of roller brush shaft 3012 and drives roller brush shaft 3012 to rotate by being positioned at the chain wheel set 2 3053 at its two ends with chain wheel set 3 3054;
Described support section comprises steering linkage member 315 and round brush lifting support 311, described round brush upper cover 3011 and driving machine 1 are fixed on driving machine support 3043, and driving machine support is passed through upper, the connector hinge 3151 of lower a pair of vertical direction is hinged with steering linkage member 315, round brush lifting support 311 is the leg-of-mutton supports that are welded by shaped steel, described round brush lifting support 311 front ends are fixed on steering linkage member, the rear end of described round brush lifting support 311 is hinged on respectively the below of the fixed head 4051 of a vertical direction by the support hinge 3111 of two horizontal directions, described fixed head 4051 is positioned at the place ahead of headstock 401, the lower end of fixed head is fixed on chassis 405,
Described lifting knuckle section comprises lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 and hydraulic steering cylinder 314, the front end of described lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 is hinged with steering linkage member 315 by the lifting hinge 1 of horizontal direction, rear end is hinged on the top of fixed head 4051 by the lifting hinge 2 3132 of horizontal direction, the front end of described lifting hydraulic cylinder is downward-sloping; Described hydraulic steering cylinder 314 front ends turn to hinge 1 hinged with the rear end of round brush upper cover 3011 by vertical direction, and hydraulic steering cylinder 314 rear ends turn to hinge 2 3142 and round brush lifting support 311 hinged by vertical direction;
Described water injector comprises fire pump and water circuit system;
Described fire pump 211 is driven by driving machine 2 210, described water circuit system comprises that fire pump water inlet pipe 2111 is communicated with vehicle-mounted water tank 402, fire pump discharge pipe comprises fire pump discharge pipe 1 and fire pump discharge pipe 2 2114, one of described fire pump discharge pipe 1 branches into fire pump return pipe 2112 and is communicated with water tank 402, another branch extends to car body below and is communicated with right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107, fire pump discharge pipe 2 2114 extends to car body below and is communicated with front shower nozzle 101, left front shower nozzle 102, right front shower nozzle 103 and left shower nozzle 104, on described fire pump return pipe, return pipe valve 7081 is set, the ball valve switch of described return pipe valve for often opening, the hinged return pipe switching cylinder 708 of valve handle of return pipe valve, described return pipe switching cylinder 708 other ends are hinged on fire pump return pipe tube wall,
The quantity of described front shower nozzle 101 is greater than two, and front shower nozzle is fixed in described round brush upper cover 3011, the ground of the oblique lower sensing front side of nozzle of described front shower nozzle 101; Sparge pipe 2011 before described front shower nozzle 101 is communicated with, described front sparge pipe 2011 is arranged on turning on flange 220 of vertical direction, and turning to the water pipe of the other end connection of flange 220 is flexible pipe 2013; Described left front shower nozzle 102 is between the near front wheel 4041 and round brush 301, and described right front shower nozzle 103 is between off-front wheel 4042 and round brush 301, and the nozzle of left front shower nozzle and right front shower nozzle is towards car direction of advance and inclination earthward; Left shower nozzle 104 is between the near front wheel 4041 and left rear wheel 4043, right shower nozzle 105 is between off-front wheel 4042 and off hind wheel 4044, left back shower nozzle 106 is positioned at left rear wheel 4043 rears, right back shower nozzle 107 is positioned at off hind wheel 4044 rears, and described left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 are respectively perpendicular to car direction of advance and point to the ground, below of chassis 405 inwardly;
Described front shower nozzle 101, left front shower nozzle 102, right front shower nozzle 103, left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 are successively respectively by front spray valve 2012, left front spray valve 2022, right front spray valve 2032, left spray valve 2042, right spray valve 2052, left back spray valve 2062, right back spray valve 2072 is controlled its open and close, described front spray valve 2012, left front spray valve 2022, right front spray valve 2032, left spray valve 2042, right spray valve 2052, left back spray valve 2062, right back spray valve 2072 is normally-closed ball valve switch, and its valve handle end is distinguished hinged front spray switching cylinder 701 successively, left front spray switching cylinder 702, right front spray switching cylinder 703, left spray switching cylinder 7041, right spray switching cylinder 7051, left back spray switching cylinder 7061, right back spray switching cylinder 7071, described front spray switching cylinder 701, left front spray switching cylinder 702, right front spray switching cylinder 703, left spray switching cylinder 7041, right spray switching cylinder 7051, left back spray switching cylinder 7061, the other end of right back spray switching cylinder 7071 is hinged on respectively on tube wall or chassis,
Described left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 are connected on left sparge pipe 2041, right sparge pipe 2051, left back sparge pipe 2061, right back sparge pipe 2071, described left sparge pipe 2041, right sparge pipe 2051, left back sparge pipe 2061, right back sparge pipe 2071 connection of rotating flanges 220 also can rotate around the axis that rotates flange, drive the moving flange 220 of left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 synchronous rotations to rotate; The left spray lift cylinder 7042 that left sparge pipe 2041, right sparge pipe 2051, left back sparge pipe 2061, right back sparge pipe 2071 are fixedly connected with respectively, right spray lift cylinder 7052, left back spray lift cylinder 7062, right back spray lift cylinder 7072, the other end of described left spray lift cylinder 7042, right spray lift cylinder 7052, left back spray lift cylinder 7062, right back spray lift cylinder 7072 is hinged on respectively on chassis 405; When described left spray lift cylinder 7042, right spray lift cylinder 7052, left back spray lift cylinder 7062,7072 work of right back spray lift cylinder, promote left sparge pipe 2041, right sparge pipe 2051, left back sparge pipe 2061, right back sparge pipe 2071 around rotating flange 220 axis rotations, drive left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 synchronously to turn to oblique lower directed towards ground around rotating flange;
When current spray valve 2012, left front spray valve 2022, right front spray valve 2032, left spray valve 2042, right spray valve 2052, left back spray valve 2062, any one or more unlatching of right back spray valve 2072, return pipe valve 7081 is closed; When current spray valve 2012, left front spray valve 2022, right front spray valve 2032, left spray valve 2042, right spray valve 2052, left back spray valve 2062, right back spray valve 2072 Close All, described return pipe valve 7081 is opened.
Described control system comprises driving machine one switch 607, driving machine two switches 606, cross gauge tap 608 and cylinder gauge tap;
Described cross gauge tap is controlled described lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 and hydraulic steering cylinder 314;
Described cylinder gauge tap sprays switching cylinder 701 before comprising front spray switch 601 controls, left front spray switch 602 is controlled left front spray switching cylinder 702, right front spray switch 603 is controlled right front spray switching cylinder 703, left side spray switch 604 is controlled left spray switching cylinder 7041, left spray lift cylinder 7042, left back spray switching cylinder 7061, the synchronous unlatching of left back spray lift cylinder 7062, close, right side spray switch 605 is controlled right spray switching cylinder 7051, right spray lift cylinder 7052, right back spray switching cylinder 7071, the synchronous unlatching of right back spray lift cylinder 7072, close.
Described road is scrubbed the afterbody fixed installation pump cabinet 403 of operation cleaning cart, described driving machine 2 210, fire pump 211 fixed placement are in described pump cabinet 403, described driving machine 2 210 is diesel engine, driving machine two switches 606 are the ignition switch of driving machine 2 210, in described pump cabinet, heat emission fan 212 are set.
In described pump cabinet 403, be provided with driving machine 3 802 and diaphragm pump 801, described driving machine three drives diaphragm pump, and diaphragm pump water inlet pipe 8011 is communicated with described water tank 402, and diaphragm pump outlet pipe 8012 is rubber hose.
Described front shower nozzle 101, left front shower nozzle 102, right front shower nozzle 103 are duckbill, and the nozzle of described left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 consists of side by side two not isometric circular mouths.
Described driving machine 1 is gasoline engine or diesel engine, and described driving machine one switch 607 is the ignition switch of driving machine 1, and described driving machine 1 drives round brush 301 to rotate counterclockwise; In described driving machine support bottom, fix a horizontal steering limiting rod 3152 parallel with roller brush shaft 3012.
Described round brush 301 round brush are comprised of polyethylene brush seedling and steel wire, and the axial length of round brush is more than or equal to overall width, and described round brush upper cover two ends connect support bar 302 by pin 3022, and described support bar has a plurality of pin-and-holes 3021; In described round brush upper cover 3011, fixedly mount support wheel 303.
Described road scrub and install on the headstock 401 of operation cleaning cart before LED lamp 501, LED lamp 502 in the installing above of pump cabinet 403, LED lamp 503 after the installing below of pump cabinet 403, the LED lamp that described front LED lamp, middle LED lamp and rear LED lamp are adjustable frequency.
The described flange 220 that turns to comprises flange 2201, sealing mat 2202, sealing ring 2203, fastening bolt 2204, one end of described outlet pipe 2207 is flange shape and docks with flange 2201 and fix with described fastening bolt, the interface processing counterbore stepped hole 2205 of described flange, the Step Shaft 2206 of shower nozzle water pipe 2208 one end processing evaginations, described Step Shaft inlay card is in stepped hole, shower nozzle water pipe 2208 is through flange 2201, between the interface of outlet pipe 2207 and shower nozzle water pipe 2208, use sealing mat 2202 sealings, on shower nozzle water pipe, process seal groove for placing sealing ring 2203, between shower nozzle water pipe and flange, by described sealing ring, seal.
When described left spray lift cylinder 7042, right spray lift cylinder 7052, left back spray lift cylinder 7062, right back spray lift cylinder 7072 drive respectively left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 to turn to oblique lower directed towards ground, described left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 are 3~6cm apart from ground distance.
Advantage of the present invention has:
1. by using the front round brush of axial level to clean, front round brush polyethylene brush seedling and steel wire form, and have guaranteed that sweep-out pattern is large, cleaning strength is large, can remove thoroughly road surface dirt, do not cause residual; Before this kind, round brush can also clean accumulated snow simultaneously, realizes a car multipotency.
2. by lifting knuckle section: left and right adjusting round brush pendulum angle, can facilitate vehicle turning to turn to, can swing after round brush angle dirt is swept to assigned address according to actual road conditions again, be convenient to concentrate cleaning; Up-down adjustment round brush height, realizes the switching of driving and cleaning two states, convenient work.
3. use ball valve as the valve of switch pipeline, ball valve is strong to severe working environment adaptability, and not fragile easy care has been saved manufacturing cost simultaneously.
4. use cylinder to control the lifting of each ball valve and shower nozzle, this design makes full use of vehicle-mounted gas, need not separately fill hydraulic system, and pneumatic operated valve stain resistance is strong simultaneously, and pneumatic operated valve is pollution-free, do not produce new dirt.
5. by the design of shower nozzle lift cylinder and rotation flange, realized shower nozzle elevating control, during cleaning, shower nozzle has been gone to assigned address, while not cleaning, shower nozzle has been risen, protection shower nozzle is not damaged; Shower nozzle has been used the twin-jet nozzle design that length is different simultaneously, and water spray coverage is larger.
6. by the switch of each mechanism is set in driver's cabin, realized automatic control, realized a people and complete road cleaning work operations.
7. use front water spray, round brush cleaning, rear water spray clean working method again, cleaning is thorough, efficiency is high, and can not produce the secondary pollutions such as airborne dust; This car can be for highway, square, sidewalk, and the cleaning mode of spray water-cleaning-water spray realizes road surface and gives up without mud without dirty nothing after cleaning, reach the standard that people sits on the ground.
8. by being equipped with diaphragm pump, realized and can use hand sweeping small size spot, economized on resources, the compliance of car load, functional stronger.
9. vehicle body installs LED lamp additional, during cleaning cart work, has warning lamp to remind, and guarantees safety.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the rear elevation of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is clearing apparatus structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the rear elevation of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the right view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the top view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 7 is clearing apparatus round brush part-structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the top view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the left view of Fig. 7;
Figure 10 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 7;
Figure 11 is round brush part of the present invention and front spray part-structure schematic diagram;
Figure 12 is round brush part of the present invention and front spray part-structure schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is the right view of Figure 12;
Figure 14 is clearing apparatus structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the power section structural representation of clearing apparatus of the present invention
Figure 16 is the power section structural representation of clearing apparatus of the present invention;
Figure 17 is the power section structural representation of the clearing apparatus of overlooking direction of Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the support section structural representation of clearing apparatus of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the rear elevation of Figure 18;
Figure 20 is the support section structural representation of Figure 18 clearing apparatus of overlooking direction;
Figure 21 is the D part enlarged drawing in Figure 19;
Figure 22 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Figure 23 is the right view of Fig. 1;
Figure 24 is the pump cabinet cut-away view of Figure 23 direction;
Figure 25 is that the B of Figure 24 is to structural representation;
Figure 26 is the rear elevation of Figure 25;
Figure 27 is the schematic diagram with pump cabinet internal construction;
Figure 28 is fire pump pipe connecting structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 29 is the schematic diagram that puts down support bar of the present invention;
Figure 30 is the right view of Figure 29;
Figure 31 is water circuit system of the present invention and shower nozzle control structure schematic diagram;
Figure 32 is the C part enlarged drawing of Figure 31;
Figure 33 is left front nozzle connecting connecting structure diagrammatic top view of the present invention;
Figure 34 is right front nozzle connecting connecting structure diagrammatic top view of the present invention;
Figure 35 is left nozzle connecting connecting structure diagrammatic top view of the present invention;
Figure 36 is the left view of Figure 35;
Figure 37 is the top view of Figure 35;
Figure 38 is right nozzle connecting connecting structure diagrammatic top view of the present invention;
Figure 39 is the left view of Figure 38;
Figure 40 is the top view of Figure 38;
Figure 41 is left back nozzle connecting connecting structure diagrammatic top view of the present invention;
Figure 42 is the left view of Figure 41;
Figure 43 is the top view of Figure 41;
Figure 44 is right back nozzle connecting connecting structure diagrammatic top view of the present invention;
Figure 45 is the left view of Figure 44;
Figure 46 is the top view of Figure 44;
Figure 47 is water circuit system schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 48 is gas circuit air supply system schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 49 is on-off control system schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 50 is switch panel structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 51 is the operating element schematic diagram in driver's cabin of the present invention;
Figure 52 is rotation flange structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 53 is rotation flange structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 54 is that the F of Fig. 2 is to view, for representing the position of LED lamp;
Figure 55 is that the E of Fig. 2 is to view, for representing the position of LED lamp;
Number in the figure explanation:
Shower nozzle before 101-; The left front shower nozzle of 102-; The right front shower nozzle of 103-;
The left shower nozzle of 104-; The right shower nozzle of 105-; The left back shower nozzle of 106-;
The right back shower nozzle of 107-;
Sparge pipe before 2011-; Spray valve before 2012-; 2013-flexible pipe;
The left front sparge pipe of 2021-; The left front spray valve of 2022-;
The right front sparge pipe of 2031-; The right front spray valve of 2032-;
The left sparge pipe of 2041-; The left spray valve of 2042-;
The right sparge pipe of 2051-; The right spray valve of 2052-;
The left back sparge pipe of 2061-; The left back spray valve of 2062-;
The right back sparge pipe of 2071-; The right back spray valve of 2072-;
210-driving machine two; 211-fire pump; 212-heat emission fan;
2111-fire pump water inlet pipe; 2112-fire pump return pipe;
2113-fire pump discharge pipe one; 2114-fire pump discharge pipe two;
220-rotates flange; 2201-flange; 2202-sealing mat;
2203-sealing ring; 2204-fastening bolt; 2205-stepped hole;
2206-Step Shaft; 2207-outlet pipe; 2208-shower nozzle water pipe;
301-round brush; 3011-round brush upper cover; 3012-roller brush shaft
302-support bar; 3021-pin-and-hole; 3022-pin;
303-support wheel;
304-driving machine one; 3041-drives cabinet; 3042-fuel tank;
3043-driving machine support;
3051-chain clamshell; 3052-chain wheel set one; 3053-chain wheel set two;
3054-chain wheel set three;
306-power transmission shaft; 3061-power transmission shaft cover;
3062-power transmission shaft spring bearing; 3063-power transmission shaft support set;
311-round brush lifting support; 3111-support hinge;
312-hydraulic oil container;
313-lifting hydraulic cylinder; 3131-lifting hinge one; 3132-lifting hinge two;
314-hydraulic steering cylinder; 3141-turns to hinge one; 3142-turns to hinge two;
315-steering linkage member; 3151-connector hinge; The horizontal steering limiting rod of 3152-;
401-headstock; 402-water tank; 403-pump cabinet;
4041-the near front wheel; 4042-off-front wheel; 4043-left rear wheel;
4044-off hind wheel; 405-chassis; 4051-fixed head;
The vehicle-mounted gas tank 4011-of 406-car light;
LED lamp before 501-; LED lamp in 502-; LED lamp after 503-;
Spray switch before 601-; The left front spray switch of 602-; The right front spray switch of 603-;
604-left side spray switch; 605-right side spray switch; 606-driving machine two switches;
607 driving machine one switches; 608-cross gauge tap; 609-gauge tap panel;
Spray switching cylinder before 701-; The left front spray switching cylinder of 702-; The right front spray switching cylinder of 703-;
The left spray switching cylinder of 7041-; The left spray lift cylinder of 7042-;
The right spray switching cylinder of 7051-; The right spray lift cylinder of 7052-;
The left back spray switching cylinder of 7061-; The left back spray lift cylinder of 7062-;
The right back spray switching cylinder of 7071-; The right front spray lift cylinder of 7072-;
708-return pipe switching cylinder; 7081-return pipe valve;
710-assists gas tank;
801-diaphragm pump; 802-driving machine three;
8011-diaphragm pump water inlet pipe; 8012-diaphragm pump outlet pipe;
The specific embodiment
All-purpose road is scrubbed an operation cleaning cart, comprises the automobile, clearing apparatus, water injector, the control system that are loaded with water tank.
As Fig. 1-2, described clearing apparatus is positioned at headstock 401 the place aheads, and as Fig. 3-6, described clearing apparatus comprises round brush part, power section, support section and lifting knuckle section.As Fig. 7-13, described round brush partly comprises round brush 301, and round brush is comprised of polyethylene brush seedling and steel wire, and round brush is fixedly mounted on roller brush shaft 3012.The axis of the roller brush shaft 3012 of described round brush is horizontal direction, and axial length is not less than overall width, can, for 2 meters, 2.2 meters, 2,5 meters or other sizes, can once clean larger area.Described round brush 301 tops arrange a round brush upper cover 3011, and described round brush upper cover is the first half of semi-cylindrical shells and coated round brush 301.Round brush upper cover two ends are fixed on the two ends of roller brush shaft 3012 by bearing.As Figure 14-17, described power section comprises the driving cabinet 3041 being fixed in round brush upper cover 3011, be fixed on the driving machine 1 driving in cabinet and drive the power transmission shaft 306 of horizontal direction to rotate by chain wheel set 1, power transmission shaft 306 is connected the two ends of roller brush shaft 3012 and drives roller brush shaft 3012 to rotate by being positioned at the chain wheel set 2 3053 at its two ends with chain wheel set 3 3054.Described power transmission shaft 306 is arranged on power transmission shaft support set 3063 power transmission shaft spring bearing 3062 by some, fixedly mounts a power transmission shaft cover 3061, for the protection of power transmission shaft above power transmission shaft and power transmission shaft support set.Described power section comprises driving machine 1, and described driving machine 1 is gasoline engine or diesel engine, and by carrying fuel tank fuel feeding, described driving machine one switch 607 is the ignition switch of driving machine 1.Described driving machine one is selected Honda GX690 gasoline bi-block engine.Drive cabinet 3041 to support by driving machine support 3043, described driving machine support end and round brush upper cover are welded or are spirally connected fixing.Chain wheel set includes a pair of drive sprocket and a compression sprocket wheel, and sprocket drive structure is prior art.Driving machine 1 drives round brush 301 to rotate counterclockwise, and earth's surface spot is cleaned to front side.As Figure 18-21, described support section comprises steering linkage member 315 and round brush lifting support 311, described round brush upper cover 3011 and driving machine 1 are fixed on driving machine support 3043, and driving machine support is hinged with steering linkage member 315 by the connector hinge 3151 of upper and lower a pair of vertical direction.As Figure 20, in the hinged place of described rotating connector and round brush upper cover, in round brush upper cover, extend a projection and in projection, fix a horizontal steering limiting rod 3152, the maximum angle swinging for controlling round brush left and right turn; Described maximum angle is made as 45-70 degree.
As Figure 20, round brush lifting support 311 is the leg-of-mutton supports that are welded by shaped steel, described round brush lifting support 311 front ends are weldingly fixed on steering linkage member, the rear end of described round brush lifting support 311 is hinged on respectively the below of the fixed head 4051 of a vertical direction by the support hinge 3111 of two horizontal directions, the object of this way is that implementation structure is stable, and in the course of work, nothing significantly shakes and long service life.As Fig. 1-4, described fixed head 4051 is positioned at the place ahead of headstock 401, and the lower end of fixed head is fixed on chassis 405.Described lifting knuckle section comprises lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 and hydraulic steering cylinder 314, the front end of described lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 is hinged with steering linkage member 315 by the lifting hinge 1 of horizontal direction, rear end is hinged on the top of fixed head 4051 by the lifting hinge 2 3132 of horizontal direction, the front end of described lifting hydraulic cylinder is downward-sloping.During lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 work, round brush lifting support be take support hinge 3111 and is swung up and down for axle: during lifting hydraulic cylinder process, and the front end of the round brush lifting support drive round brush decline kiss the earth that declines; During lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 backhaul, round brush lifting support front end rises and drives round brush rising built on stilts.Described hydraulic steering cylinder 314 front ends turn to hinge 1 hinged with the rear end of round brush upper cover 3011 by vertical direction, described turning between hinge 1 and connector hinge 3151 is non-vanishing along the spacing of roller brush shaft axis direction, described turning to has an intersegmental distance on round brush axis direction between hinge 1 and connector hinge 3151, optimum position is to turn to hinge 1 to be positioned at axial 1/4th places of round brush upper cover, and connector hinge 3151 is positioned in the middle of round brush upper cover; Hydraulic steering cylinder 314 rear ends turn to hinge 2 3142 and round brush lifting support 311 hinged by vertical direction.During hydraulic steering cylinder 314 work, round brush be take connector hinge 3151 and is swung as axle: during hydraulic steering cylinder process, round brush is pushed and swings aside; During hydraulic steering cylinder 314 backhaul, round brush is pushed to opposite side and swings.Be fixed on round brush lifting support 311 with lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 and supporting hydraulic oil container and the hydraulic pressure external member of hydraulic steering cylinder 314.
Described water injector comprises fire pump and water circuit system.As Figure 24, described fire pump 211 is driven by driving machine 2 210.As Fig. 1-2,24, described road is scrubbed the afterbody fixed installation pump cabinet 403 of operation cleaning cart, described driving machine 2 210, fire pump 211 fixed placement are in described pump cabinet 403, described driving machine 2 210 is diesel engine, driving machine 2 210 is selected HF series K4100B high-speed diesel fuel motor, and fire pump 211 is selected BS20 type vehicular fire fighting pump.Driving machine two switches 606 are the ignition switch of driving machine 2 210, in described pump cabinet, heat emission fan 212 are set.As Figure 27,31, described water circuit system comprises that fire pump water inlet pipe 2111 is communicated with vehicle-mounted water tank 402, described fire pump discharge pipe comprises fire pump discharge pipe 1 and fire pump discharge pipe 2 2114, the Yi Ge branch of fire pump discharge pipe 1 extends to car body below and is communicated with right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107, and fire pump discharge pipe 2 2114 extends to lower body below and is communicated with front shower nozzle 101, left front shower nozzle 102, right front shower nozzle 103 and left shower nozzle 104.Described front shower nozzle 101, left front shower nozzle 102, right front shower nozzle 103 are duckbill.The nozzle of described left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 comprises two not isometric circular mouths, and the drop point of realizing ejection water is different, can once clean spot in a big way.As Figure 28, another of described fire pump discharge pipe 1 branches into fire pump return pipe 2112, on described fire pump return pipe, return pipe valve 7081 is set, the ball valve switch of described return pipe valve for often opening, as Figure 32, the hinged return pipe switching cylinder 708 of valve handle of return pipe valve, described return pipe switching cylinder 708 other ends are hinged on fire pump return pipe tube wall.When return pipe switching cylinder 708 processes or backhaul, drive the valve handle of return pipe valve to rotate, complete the work of open and close return pipe.The method of described connecting water pipe pipeline and technology are prior art.
As Fig. 5-6,11-12, the quantity of described front shower nozzle 101 is greater than two, can be 4, and front shower nozzle is fixed in described round brush upper cover 3011.Front shower nozzle is positioned at the place ahead of round brush upper cover, by front sparge pipe 2011, is communicated with and is supplied water.After the profile bending of front sparge pipe according to round brush upper cover, be adjacent to and be fixed in round brush upper cover, and rearward extend.Between front shower nozzle and front sparge pipe 2011, adopt universal joint to be connected, can adjust the angle of front shower nozzle, after adjustment, the ground of the oblique lower sensing front side of nozzle of described front shower nozzle 101.Sparge pipe 2011 before described front shower nozzle 101 is communicated with, what vertical direction was installed on described front sparge pipe 2011 turns to flange 220, and turning to the water pipe that the other end of flange 220 connects is flexible pipe 2013, and described flexible pipe 2013 is communicated with fire pump discharge pipes 2114.The object of using flexible pipe to connect is that 301 the lifting that can realize round brush turns to.As Figure 52, the described flange 220 that turns to comprises flange 2201, sealing mat 2202, sealing ring 2203, fastening bolt 2204, one end of described outlet pipe 2207 is flange shape and docks with flange 2201 and fix with described fastening bolt 2204, the interface processing counterbore stepped hole 2205 of described flange, the Step Shaft 2206 of shower nozzle water pipe 2208 one end processing evaginations, described Step Shaft inlay card is in stepped hole, shower nozzle water pipe 2208 is through flange 2201, between the interface of outlet pipe 2207 and shower nozzle water pipe 2208, use sealing mat 2202 sealings, on shower nozzle water pipe, process seal groove for placing sealing ring 2203, between shower nozzle water pipe and flange, by described sealing ring, seal.While rotating, only shower nozzle water pipe rotation, motionless with the flange that shower nozzle water pipe docks.As Fig. 1-2, described left front shower nozzle 102 is between the near front wheel 4041 and round brush 301, and described right front shower nozzle 103 is between off-front wheel 4042 and round brush 301, and the nozzle of left front shower nozzle and right front shower nozzle is along car direction of advance and inclination earthward; When this kind of design makes to spray water, ground stain is sprayed to front side.Left shower nozzle 104 is between the near front wheel 4041 and left rear wheel 4043, right shower nozzle 105 is between off-front wheel 4042 and off hind wheel 4044, left back shower nozzle 106 is positioned at after left rear wheel 4043, right back shower nozzle 107 is positioned at after off hind wheel 4044, and described left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 are respectively perpendicular to car direction of advance and point to the ground, below of chassis 405 inwardly; The object of this kind of design is by the shower nozzle on opening vehicle left side or right side, the spot of vehicle body below is poured in the highway inlet for stom water of opposite side of car.
As Figure 31,47, described front shower nozzle 101, left front shower nozzle 102, right front shower nozzle 103, left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 are controlled its open and close by front spray valve 2012, left front spray valve 2022, right front spray valve 2032, left spray valve 2042, right spray valve 2052, left back spray valve 2062, right back spray valve 2072 respectively successively.Described front spray valve 2012, left front spray valve 2022, right front spray valve 2032, left spray valve 2042, right spray valve 2052, left back spray valve 2062, right back spray valve 2072 is normally-closed ball valve switch, as Figure 32, its valve handle end is distinguished hinged front spray switching cylinder 701 successively, left front spray switching cylinder 702, right front spray switching cylinder 703, left spray switching cylinder 7041, right spray switching cylinder 7051, left back spray switching cylinder 7061, right back spray switching cylinder 7071, described front spray switching cylinder 701, left front spray switching cylinder 702, right front spray switching cylinder 703, left spray switching cylinder 7041, right spray switching cylinder 7051, left back spray switching cylinder 7061, the other end of right back spray switching cylinder 7071 is hinged on respectively on tube wall or chassis.
As Figure 35-46, described left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 are connected on left sparge pipe 2041, right sparge pipe 2051, left back sparge pipe 2061, right back sparge pipe 2071, described left sparge pipe 2041, right sparge pipe 2051, left back sparge pipe 2061, right back sparge pipe 2071 connection of rotating flanges 220 also can rotate around the axis that rotates flange, drive the moving flange 220 of left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 synchronous rotations to rotate.Left sparge pipe 2041, right sparge pipe 2051, left back sparge pipe 2061, right back sparge pipe 2071 are fixedly connected with respectively perpendicular left spray lift cylinder 7042, right spray lift cylinder 7052, left back spray lift cylinder 7062, right back spray lift cylinder 7072, and the other end of described left spray lift cylinder 7042, right spray lift cylinder 7052, left back spray lift cylinder 7062, right back spray lift cylinder 7072 is hinged on respectively on chassis 405; When described left spray lift cylinder 7042, right spray lift cylinder 7052, left back spray lift cylinder 7062,7072 work of right back spray lift cylinder, promote left sparge pipe 2041, right sparge pipe 2051, left back sparge pipe 2061, right back sparge pipe 2071 around rotating flange 220 axis rotations, drive left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 synchronously to turn to oblique lower directed towards ground around rotating flange.Figure 53 is right spray lift cylinder 7051 and rotation flange 220, right sparge pipe 2051 syndeton schematic diagrames, the hinged right sparge pipe in right spray lift cylinder one end, the other end is hinged on chassis, when right spray lift cylinder process or backhaul, promoting right sparge pipe rotates around the axis that rotates flange, drive right shower nozzle 105 to rotate around rotating flange 220, flange 2201 and fire pump discharge pipe 2013 are motionless.Left sparge pipe 2041, left back sparge pipe 2061, right back sparge pipe 2071 are identical with right sparge pipe with the syndeton of rotating flange, lift cylinder.When described left spray lift cylinder 7042, right spray lift cylinder 7052, left back spray lift cylinder 7062, right back spray lift cylinder 7072 drive respectively left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 to turn to oblique lower directed towards ground, described left shower nozzle 104, right shower nozzle 105, left back shower nozzle 106 and right back shower nozzle 107 are 3~6cm apart from ground distance.
Described control system comprises driving machine one switch 607, driving machine two switches 606, cross gauge tap 608 and cylinder gauge tap.Described cross gauge tap is controlled described lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 and hydraulic steering cylinder 314.
As Figure 49, described cylinder gauge tap sprays switching cylinder 701 before comprising front spray switch 601 controls, left front spray switch 602 is controlled left front spray switching cylinder 702, right front spray switch 603 is controlled right front spray switching cylinder 703, left side spray switch 604 is controlled left spray switching cylinder 7041, left spray lift cylinder 7042, left back spray switching cylinder 7061, the synchronous unlatching of left back spray lift cylinder 7062, close, right side spray switch 605 is controlled right spray switching cylinder 7051, right spray lift cylinder 7052, right back spray switching cylinder 7071, the synchronous unlatching of right back spray lift cylinder 7072, close.When described front spray switch 601, left front spray switch 602, right front spray switch 603, left side spray switch 604, the any one or more unlatchings of right side spray switch 605, spray valve 2012 before the cylinder of simultaneously controlling by it drives, left front spray valve 2022, right front spray valve 2032, left spray valve 2042, right spray valve 2052, left back spray valve 2062, during any one or more unlatching of right back spray valve 2072, described return pipe switching cylinder 708 is opened and is driven return pipe valve 7081 to close, current spray switch 601, left front spray switch 602, right front spray switch 603, left side spray switch 604, spray valve 2012 before right side spray switch 605 Close Alls the cylinder of controlling by it drive, left front spray valve 2022, right front spray valve 2032, left spray valve 2042, right spray valve 2052, left back spray valve 2062, during right back spray valve 2072 Close All, described return pipe switching cylinder 708 is closed and is driven return pipe valve 7081 to open.
As Figure 50-51, described front spray switch 601, left front spray switch 602, right front spray switch 603, left side spray switch 604, right side spray switch 605, driving machine two switches 606 are arranged on gauge tap panel, are placed in driver's cabin.Described driving machine one switch 607 and cross gauge tap 608 are arranged on steering wheel side in driver's cabin.Can control above-mentioned switch by driver one people, realize one man operation and control cleaning cart work.
When described all-purpose road is scrubbed the work of operation cleaning cart, opening driver 2 210, fire pump 211 work, are supplied water by water tank 402, due to normally open valve door return pipe valve 7081 being set on fire pump return pipe 2112, water under high pressure is back to water tank by fire pump return pipe.Use cross gauge tap 608 to control lifting hydraulic cylinder 313 and hydraulic steering cylinder 314, round brush 301 is contacted with ground and its axis direction vertical with car direct of travel, spray switch 601 before opening, front spray switching cylinder 701 processes, drive the valve handle rotation of the front spray valve 2012 hinged with it, open front spray valve 2012, while return pipe switching cylinder 708 processes, drive the valve handle rotation of the return pipe valve 7081 hinged with it, close return pipe valve 7081, water under high pressure after fire pump pressurization is no longer back to water tank, but via front shower nozzle ejection, open driving machine one, round brush is rotated counterclockwise, road surface spot is cleaned to front side, if highway inlet for stom water is positioned at the right side of cleaning cart, open left side spray switch 604, left spray switching cylinder 7041, left spray lift cylinder 7042, left back spray switching cylinder 7061, in the time of left back spray lift cylinder 7062, open, left spray lift cylinder 7042 Hes, left back spray switching cylinder 7061 processes, promote left sparge pipe 2041, left back sparge pipe 2061 rotarily drives left shower nozzle 104, left back shower nozzle 106 sense of rotation ground, left spray switching cylinder 7041 and left back spray switching cylinder 7061 processes, drive the valve handle rotation of the left spray valve 2042 hinged with it and left back spray valve 2062, left spray valve 2042 and left back spray valve 2062 are opened, left shower nozzle 104 and left back shower nozzle 106 ejection water under high pressures, spot is poured in the roadside inlet for stom water on cleaning cart right side, original path true qualities also.Above-mentioned method of operating also can be used for shoveling ice Snow removing winter simultaneously, by round brush, ice and snow on road surfaces has been swept, then has been poured inlet for stom water with water under high pressure.If highway inlet for stom water is positioned at the left side of cleaning cart, open right side spray switch 605, right spray switching cylinder 7051, right spray lift cylinder 7052, right back spray switching cylinder 7071, in the time of right back spray switching cylinder 7071, open, right spray lift cylinder 7052 Hes, right back spray switching cylinder 7071 processes, promote right sparge pipe 2051, right back sparge pipe 2071 rotarily drives right shower nozzle 105, right back shower nozzle 107 sense of rotation ground, right spray switching cylinder 7051 and right back spray switching cylinder 7071 processes, drive the valve handle rotation of the right spray valve 2052 hinged with it and right back spray valve 2072, right spray valve 2052 and right back spray valve 2072 are opened, right shower nozzle 105 and right back shower nozzle 107 ejection water under high pressures, spot is poured in the inlet for stom water of roadside, cleaning cart left side.Can also open if desired left front spray switch 602 and right front spray switch 603, left front spray valve 2022, right front spray valve 2032 are opened in left front spray switching cylinder 702 and 703 motions of right front spray switching cylinder, left front shower nozzle 102, right front shower nozzle 103 are to front side ground ejection water under high pressure, further clean road surface.After cleaning, the front spray switch 601 of opening before closing, left front spray switch 602, right front spray switch 603, left side spray switch 604, right side spray switch 605, the return hydraulic cylinder of its control, drive each valve valve handle hinged with cylinder to return original position, the water route of each shower nozzle is closed, return pipe switching cylinder 708 backhauls simultaneously, return pipe valve 7081 is opened, and High-Pressure Water is to water tank; Use cross gauge tap 608 to control lifting hydraulic cylinders 313 and drive the round brush built on stilts that hoists.When cleaning cart need to be turned, can use cross gauge tap 608 to control hydraulic steering cylinder 314 and drive round brush to swing to turn direction, conveniently turn to; Or, if a certain region is dirtier need to repeatedly sweep time, can cleaning cart motionless, use cross gauge tap 608 to control hydraulic steering cylinders 314 and drive round brush repeatedly to swing, thoroughly ground, cleaning below.
For large-scale outdoor clog-free ground such as pavement, squares, adopt in the past hand sweeping, manually to wash away, labor strength is large, and effect is bad.Utilize now all-purpose road of the present invention to scrub operation cleaning cart, still use the mode of above-mentioned cleaning highway, by round brush and high pressure water circuit system, Ji Chong, brush, wash, once complete, after operation is complete, can reach the standard that pedestrian sits on the ground.
As Figure 24-26, in described pump cabinet 403, be provided with driving machine 3 802 and diaphragm pump 801, described driving machine three drives diaphragm pump, and diaphragm pump water inlet pipe 8011 is communicated with described water tank 402, and diaphragm pump outlet pipe 8012 is rubber hose.Described driving machine three is selected the GX160 of Hitachi gasoline engine, and by carrying fuel tank fuel feeding, described diaphragm pump 810 is selected ZMB240 diaphragm pump.The small advertisement of dropping and putting up for the small size on road, or spot among a small circle, can be used diaphragm pump 801 to carry out manual cleaning, realizes a car multipotency.
Described round brush upper cover 3011 two ends connect support bar 302 by pin 3022, and described support bar has a plurality of pin-and-holes 3021; In described round brush upper cover 3011, fixedly mount support wheel 303.As Fig. 1-2, when garage enters and works, support bar and support wheel are away from ground; When turner is done, round brush 301 decline kiss the earths, support wheel 303 also lands for supporting round brush, plays position-limiting action simultaneously, and support bar is now still away from ground; As Figure 29-30, when car is not worked, by switching the fixed pin holes 3021 on support bar 302, support bar 302 is supported on the ground, alleviate the pressure of round brush support section.
As Figure 22-23,29-30,54-55, described road scrub and install on the headstock 401 of operation cleaning cart before LED lamp 501, LED lamp 502 in the installation above of pump cabinet 403, LED lamp 503 after the installation below of pump cabinet 403, the LED lamp that described front LED lamp, middle LED lamp and rear LED lamp are adjustable frequency, use independent switch is controlled, and can regulating frequency.Vehicle-mounted LED lamp can be good at playing warning function, the safety while greatly improving cleaning cleaning operation.
Described all-purpose road is scrubbed on operation cleaning cart auxiliary storage battery is installed, for auxiliary power supply.Auxiliary storage battery can, for the igniting to the power supply of LED lamp, driving machine one and driving machine two and driving machine three, to control system power supply, guarantee that vehicle-mounted original-pack storage battery electric weight is enough used.
Described all-purpose road is scrubbed on operation cleaning cart auxiliary gas tank 710 is installed, and is connected between vehicle-mounted gas tank 406 and each working cylinder, for helping air supply.Between auxiliary gas tank and vehicle-mounted gas tank, be provided with air circuit breaker 1, between auxiliary gas tank and working cylinder, be provided with air circuit breaker 2 7101, when a certain branch road of working cylinder leaks gas, gas circuit is closed, guarantee that cleaning cart can normally travel.
Advantage of the present invention has:
1. by using the front round brush of axial level to clean, front round brush polyethylene brush seedling and steel wire form, and have guaranteed that sweep-out pattern is large, cleaning strength is large, can remove thoroughly road surface dirt, do not cause residual; Before this kind, round brush can also clean accumulated snow simultaneously, realizes a car multipotency.
2. by lifting knuckle section: left and right adjusting round brush pendulum angle, can facilitate vehicle turning to turn to, can swing after round brush angle dirt is swept to assigned address according to actual road conditions again, be convenient to concentrate cleaning; Up-down adjustment round brush height, realizes the switching of driving and cleaning two states, convenient work.
3. use ball valve as the valve of switch pipeline, ball valve is strong to severe working environment adaptability, and not fragile easy care has been saved manufacturing cost simultaneously.
4. use cylinder to control the lifting of each ball valve and shower nozzle, this design makes full use of vehicle-mounted gas, need not separately fill hydraulic system, and pneumatic operated valve stain resistance is strong simultaneously, and pneumatic operated valve is pollution-free, do not produce new dirt.
5. by the design of shower nozzle lift cylinder and rotation flange, realized shower nozzle elevating control, during cleaning, shower nozzle has been gone to assigned address, while not cleaning, shower nozzle has been risen, protection shower nozzle is not damaged; Shower nozzle has been used the twin-jet nozzle design that length is different simultaneously, and water spray coverage is larger.
6. by the switch of each mechanism is set in driver's cabin, realized automatic control, realized a people and complete road cleaning work operations.
7. use front water spray, round brush cleaning, rear water spray clean working method again, cleaning is thorough, efficiency is high, and can not produce the secondary pollutions such as airborne dust; This car can be for highway, square, sidewalk, and the cleaning mode of spray water-cleaning-water spray realizes road surface and gives up without mud without dirty nothing after cleaning, reach the standard that people sits on the ground.
8. by being equipped with diaphragm pump, realized and can use hand sweeping small size spot, economized on resources, the compliance of car load, functional stronger.
9. vehicle body installs LED lamp additional, during cleaning cart work, has warning lamp to remind, and guarantees safety.

Claims (10)

1. all-purpose road is scrubbed an operation cleaning cart, comprises the automobile, clearing apparatus, water injector, the control system that are loaded with water tank, it is characterized in that,
Described clearing apparatus is positioned at headstock (401) the place ahead, and described clearing apparatus comprises round brush part, power section, support section and lifting knuckle section;
Described round brush partly comprises that round brush (301) is fixedly mounted on the roller brush shaft that axis is horizontal direction (3012), described round brush (301) top arranges a round brush upper cover (3011), described round brush upper cover is the first half of semi-cylindrical shells and coated round brush (301), and described round brush upper cover two ends are fixedly connected on the two ends of roller brush shaft (3012) by bearing;
Described power section comprises the driving cabinet (3041) being fixed in round brush upper cover (3011), be fixed on the driving machine one (304) driving in cabinet and drive the power transmission shaft (306) of horizontal direction to rotate by chain wheel set one (3052), power transmission shaft (306) is connected the two ends of roller brush shaft (3012) and drives roller brush shaft (3012) to rotate by being positioned at the chain wheel set two (3053) at its two ends with chain wheel set three (3054);
Described support section comprises steering linkage member (315) and round brush lifting support (311), described round brush upper cover (3011) and driving machine one (304) are fixed on driving machine support (3043), and driving machine support is passed through upper, the connector hinge (3151) of lower a pair of vertical direction is hinged with steering linkage member (315), round brush lifting support (311) is the leg-of-mutton support being welded by shaped steel, described round brush lifting support (311) front end is fixed on steering linkage member, the rear end of described round brush lifting support (311) is hinged on respectively the below of the fixed head (4051) of a vertical direction by the support hinge (3111) of two horizontal directions, described fixed head (4051) is positioned at the place ahead of headstock (401), the lower end of fixed head is fixed on chassis (405),
Described lifting knuckle section comprises lifting hydraulic cylinder (313) and hydraulic steering cylinder (314), the front end of described lifting hydraulic cylinder (313) is hinged with steering linkage member (315) by the lifting hinge one (3131) of horizontal direction, rear end is hinged on the top of fixed head (4051) by the lifting hinge two (3132) of horizontal direction, the front end of described lifting hydraulic cylinder is downward-sloping; Described hydraulic steering cylinder (314) front end turns to hinge one (3141) hinged with the rear end of round brush upper cover (3011) by vertical direction, and hydraulic steering cylinder 314 rear ends turn to hinge two (3142) and round brush lifting support (311) hinged by vertical direction; Described turning between hinge one (3141) and connector hinge (3151) is non-vanishing along the spacing of roller brush shaft axis direction;
Described water injector comprises fire pump and water circuit system;
Described fire pump (211) is driven by driving machine two (210), described water circuit system comprises that fire pump water inlet pipe (2111) is communicated with vehicle-mounted water tank (402), fire pump discharge pipe comprises fire pump discharge pipe one (2113) and fire pump discharge pipe two (2114), one of described fire pump discharge pipe one (2113) branches into fire pump return pipe (2112) and is communicated with water tank (402), another branch extends to car body below and is communicated with right shower nozzle (105), left back shower nozzle (106) and right back shower nozzle (107), fire pump discharge pipe two (2114) extends to car body below and is communicated with front shower nozzle (101), left front shower nozzle (102), right front shower nozzle (103) and left shower nozzle (104), return pipe valve (7081) is set on described fire pump return pipe, the ball valve switch of described return pipe valve for often opening, the hinged return pipe switching cylinder of valve handle (708) of return pipe valve, described return pipe switching cylinder (708) other end is hinged on fire pump return pipe tube wall,
The quantity of described front shower nozzle (101) is greater than two, and it is upper that front shower nozzle is fixed on described round brush upper cover (3011), the ground of the oblique lower sensing front side of nozzle of described front shower nozzle (101); Sparge pipe (2011) before described front shower nozzle (101) is communicated with, it is upper that described front sparge pipe (2011) is arranged on the rotation flange (220) of vertical direction, and rotating the water pipe that the other end of flange (220) connects is flexible pipe (2013); Described left front shower nozzle (102) is positioned between the near front wheel (4041) and round brush (301), described right front shower nozzle (103) is positioned between off-front wheel (4042) and round brush (301), and the nozzle of left front shower nozzle and right front shower nozzle is towards car direction of advance and inclination earthward; Left shower nozzle (104) is positioned between the near front wheel (4041) and left rear wheel (4043), right shower nozzle (105) is positioned between off-front wheel (4042) and off hind wheel (4044), left back shower nozzle (106) is positioned at left rear wheel (4043) rear, right back shower nozzle (107) is positioned at off hind wheel (4044) rear, and described left shower nozzle (104), right shower nozzle (105), left back shower nozzle (106) and right back shower nozzle (107) are respectively perpendicular to car direction of advance and point to the ground, below of chassis (405) inwardly;
Described front shower nozzle (101), left front shower nozzle (102), right front shower nozzle (103), left shower nozzle (104), right shower nozzle (105), left back shower nozzle (106) and right back shower nozzle (107) are successively respectively by front spray valve (2012), left front spray valve (2022), right front spray valve (2032), left spray valve (2042), right spray valve (2052), left back spray valve (2062), right back spray valve (2072) is controlled its open and close, described front spray valve (2012), left front spray valve (2022), right front spray valve (2032), left spray valve (2042), right spray valve (2052), left back spray valve (2062), right back spray valve (2072) is normally-closed ball valve switch, and its valve handle end is distinguished hinged front spray switching cylinder (701) successively, left front spray switching cylinder (702), right front spray switching cylinder (703), left spray switching cylinder (7041), right spray switching cylinder (7051), left back spray switching cylinder (7061), right back spray switching cylinder (7071), described front spray switching cylinder (701), left front spray switching cylinder (702), right front spray switching cylinder (703), left spray switching cylinder (7041), right spray switching cylinder (7051), left back spray switching cylinder (7061), the other end of right back spray switching cylinder (7071) is hinged on respectively on tube wall or chassis,
Described left shower nozzle (104), right shower nozzle (105), left back shower nozzle (106) and right back shower nozzle (107) are connected to left sparge pipe (2041), right sparge pipe (2051), left back sparge pipe (2061), on right back sparge pipe (2071), described left sparge pipe (2041), right sparge pipe (2051), left back sparge pipe (2061), right back sparge pipe (2071) connection of rotating flange (220) also can rotate around the axis that rotates flange, drive left shower nozzle (104), right shower nozzle (105), the moving flange (220) of left back shower nozzle (106) and right back shower nozzle (107) synchronous rotation rotates, the left spray lift cylinder (7042) that left sparge pipe (2041), right sparge pipe (2051), left back sparge pipe (2061), right back sparge pipe (2071) are fixedly connected with respectively, right spray lift cylinder (7052), left back spray lift cylinder (7062), right back spray lift cylinder (7072), the other end of described left spray lift cylinder (7042), right spray lift cylinder (7052), left back spray lift cylinder (7062), right back spray lift cylinder (7072) is hinged on respectively on chassis (405), when described left spray lift cylinder (7042), right spray lift cylinder (7052), left back spray lift cylinder (7062), right back spray lift cylinder (7072) work, promote left sparge pipe (2041), right sparge pipe (2051), left back sparge pipe (2061), right back sparge pipe (2071) around rotating the rotation of flange (220) axis, drive left shower nozzle (104), right shower nozzle (105), left back shower nozzle (106) and right back shower nozzle (107) synchronously to turn to oblique lower directed towards ground around rotating flange,
When current spray valve (2012), left front spray valve (2022), right front spray valve (2032), left spray valve (2042), right spray valve (2052), left back spray valve (2062), any one or more unlatching of right back spray valve (2072), return pipe valve (7081) is closed; When current spray valve (2012), left front spray valve (2022), right front spray valve (2032), left spray valve (2042), right spray valve (2052), left back spray valve (2062), right back spray valve (2072) Close All, described return pipe valve (7081) is opened.
2. a kind of all-purpose road according to claim 1 is scrubbed operation cleaning cart, it is characterized in that, described control system comprises driving machine one switch (607), driving machine two switches (606), cross gauge tap (608) and cylinder gauge tap;
Described cross gauge tap is controlled described lifting hydraulic cylinder (313) and hydraulic steering cylinder (314);
Described cylinder gauge tap sprays switching cylinder (701) before comprising front spray switch (601) control, left front spray switch (602) is controlled left front spray switching cylinder (702), right front spray switch (603) is controlled right front spray switching cylinder (703), left side spray switch (604) is controlled left spray switching cylinder (7041), left spray lift cylinder (7042), left back spray switching cylinder (7061), the synchronous unlatching of left back spray lift cylinder (7062), close, right side spray switch (605) is controlled right spray switching cylinder (7051), right spray lift cylinder (7052), right back spray switching cylinder (7071), the synchronous unlatching of right back spray lift cylinder (7072), close.
3. a kind of all-purpose road according to claim 1 and 2 is scrubbed operation cleaning cart, it is characterized in that, described road is scrubbed the afterbody fixed installation pump cabinet (403) of operation cleaning cart, described driving machine two (210), fire pump (211) fixed placement are in described pump cabinet (403), described driving machine two (210) is diesel engine, driving machine two switches (606) are the ignition switch of driving machine two (210), and heat emission fan (212) is set in described pump cabinet.
4. a kind of all-purpose road according to claim 3 is scrubbed operation cleaning cart, it is characterized in that, in described pump cabinet (403), be provided with driving machine three (802) and diaphragm pump (801), described driving machine three drives diaphragm pump, diaphragm pump water inlet pipe (8011) is communicated with described water tank (402), and diaphragm pump outlet pipe (8012) is rubber hose.
5. a kind of all-purpose road according to claim 1 is scrubbed operation cleaning cart, it is characterized in that, described front shower nozzle (101), left front shower nozzle (102), right front shower nozzle (103) are duckbill, and the nozzle of described left shower nozzle (104), right shower nozzle (105), left back shower nozzle (106) and right back shower nozzle (107) consists of side by side two not isometric circular mouths.
6. a kind of all-purpose road according to claim 2 is scrubbed operation cleaning cart, it is characterized in that, described driving machine one (304) is gasoline engine or diesel engine, described driving machine one switch (607) is the ignition switch of driving machine one (304), and described driving machine one (304) drives round brush (301) to rotate counterclockwise; In described driving machine support bottom, fix a horizontal steering limiting rod (3152) parallel with roller brush shaft (3012).
7. a kind of all-purpose road according to claim 1 is scrubbed operation cleaning cart, it is characterized in that, described round brush (301) round brush is comprised of polyethylene brush seedling and steel wire, the axial length of round brush is more than or equal to overall width, described round brush upper cover two ends connect support bar (302) by pin (3022), and described support bar has a plurality of pin-and-holes (3021); The described upper fixed installation of round brush upper cover (3011) support wheel (303).
8. a kind of all-purpose road according to claim 3 is scrubbed operation cleaning cart, it is characterized in that, described road is scrubbed the front LED lamp (501) of the upper installation of headstock (401) of operation cleaning cart, LED lamp (502) in the installation above of pump cabinet (403), LED lamp (503) after the installation below of pump cabinet (403), the LED lamp that described front LED lamp, middle LED lamp and rear LED lamp are adjustable frequency.
9. a kind of all-purpose road according to claim 1 is scrubbed operation cleaning cart, it is characterized in that, described rotation flange (220) comprises flange (2201), sealing mat (2202), sealing ring (2203), fastening bolt (2204), one end of outlet pipe (2207) is flange shape and docks and fix with described fastening bolt with flange (2201), the interface processing counterbore stepped hole (2205) of described flange, the Step Shaft (2206) of shower nozzle water pipe (2208) one end processing evagination, described Step Shaft inlay card is in stepped hole, shower nozzle water pipe (2208) is through flange (2201), between the interface of outlet pipe (2207) and shower nozzle water pipe (2208), use sealing mat (2202) sealing, on shower nozzle water pipe, process seal groove for placing sealing ring (2203), between shower nozzle water pipe and flange, by described sealing ring, seal.
10. a kind of all-purpose road according to claim 1 is scrubbed operation cleaning cart, it is characterized in that, when described left spray lift cylinder (7042), right spray lift cylinder (7052), left back spray lift cylinder (7062), right back spray lift cylinder (7072) drives respectively left shower nozzle (104), right shower nozzle (105), when left back shower nozzle (106) and right back shower nozzle (107) turn to oblique lower directed towards ground, described left shower nozzle (104), right shower nozzle (105), left back shower nozzle (106) and right back shower nozzle (107) are 3~6cm apart from ground distance.
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CN106638240B (en) * 2016-10-08 2019-07-05 徐胜良 A kind of multifunctional road maintenance device
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