CN102855772B - Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure - Google Patents

Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102855772B
CN102855772B CN201210333812.9A CN201210333812A CN102855772B CN 102855772 B CN102855772 B CN 102855772B CN 201210333812 A CN201210333812 A CN 201210333812A CN 102855772 B CN102855772 B CN 102855772B
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China
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zigbee
network
local area
area network
parking
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CN201210333812.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102855772A (en
Inventor
谢振宇
罗石
谢振国
朱杰
黄振跃
石海啸
张梦锦
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江苏大学
江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent parking control system based on a hybrid network structure. The intelligent parking control system comprises a control computer, CAN (controller area network) field buses, a ZIGBEE wireless network and an optical fiber local area network; the CAN field buses are arranged in blocks of parking places and are connected with monitoring sub-modules on the parking places; the ZIGBEE wireless network comprises ZIGBEE nodes and a ZIGBEE relay which are used for communication via wireless signals, and the ZIGBEE nodes are arranged on vehicles, the control computer and the CAN field buses; the control computer is connected with the optical fiber local area network by a router, and the optical fiber local area network is connected with the CAN field buses; and a local area network node is arranged on the optical fiber local area network, and the ZIGBEE relay is connected with the local area network node. The system has the advantages that the parking places are monitored and managed in real time by the hybrid network structure, parking place resource utilization rate is increased, the intelligent parking control system is high in environmental adaptability, suitable for controlling parking of various residential areas, simple in use and convenient to use, cost is lowered, and work efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure

Technical field

The present invention relates to the technical field of parking, be specifically related to the intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure under the living environment of a kind of complicated community.

Background technology

The parking stall management of residence district is the large problem that current each residential quarter faces, due to the distribute existence of the objective circumstances such as irregular of the topographic features complexity of residential quarter, parking stall, make community parking management system great majority all be confined to the banister management of the gateway of community, this management method is also in foundation phase, can not realize the parking stall in Based Intelligent Control region, cause a large amount of wastes of resource, do not met the demand for development of economy, harmonious society.For these problems, existing research has turned to intelligentized parking stall control system direction gradually, and the technology using comprises controller local area network, ZIGBEE technology, LAN (Local Area Network) and mobile communications network.

Controller local area network (Controller Area Network, CAN) belongs to the category of fieldbus, is a kind of serial communication network of effective support dcs.It is a kind of serial communication bus of being developed for automobile industry specially in the eighties in 20th century by company of German Bosch.More and more be subject to people's attention due to its high-performance, high reliability and unique design, be widely used in numerous areas.And can detect any mistake of generation.In the time that signal transmission distance reaches 10km, CAN still can provide the message transmission rate up to 50kbit/s.Because CAN bus has very high real-time performance and range of application, the express network that reaches as high as 1Mbps from bit rate can be arranged in pairs or groups arbitrarily to the multi 50Kbps network of low cost.Therefore, CAN is own through being widely applied in the fields such as car industry, aircraft industry, Industry Control, security protection.

ZIGBEE technology be one closely, low complex degree, low-power consumption, low rate, bidirectional wireless communication technology cheaply.Be mainly used in apart from carrying out data transmission between various electronic equipments short, low in energy consumption and that transfer rate is not high and typically having the application of periodic data, intermittent data and the transmission of low reaction time data.

LAN (Local Area Network) (Local Area Network, LAN) be in a local geographic range (in a school, factory and office), generally that in several kms of circumference,, by various computing machines, external unit and database link up mutually the computer communication network of composition.

Mobile communications network is a kind of mobile data services that gsm mobile telephone user can use.

At present, existing Intelligent parking lot management system is most, and what adopt is that 485 bus structure based on traditional realize remote monitor, appear in the newspapers adopt in addition CAN bus with adopt ZIGBEE, but this product that has no two kinds of structures appears on the market, single bus-structured system has limitation separately.485 and a network of CAN structure in nodes restricted, and distance is generally nearer, conventionally, within the scope of 1KM, is not suitable for the application of compare great community.And the system transmission range of ZIGBEE is shorter, these have all limited the range of application of system.

Therefore, research and develop one and can be applied to all kinds of complex environments, conveniently realize the control system on complicated parking stall, seem particularly important.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention: for the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure, to realize the intelligent parking stall of controlling, improve the utilization factor of limited parking stall resource, reduce costs, raise the efficiency.

Technical scheme: in order to realize foregoing invention object, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:

Based on an intelligent parking control system that mixes network structure, comprise and control computing machine, CAN fieldbus, ZIGBEE wireless network and fiber optic local area network; Described CAN fieldbus is located at parking stall block, and is connected with the monitoring submodule on each parking stall; Described ZIGBEE wireless network comprises the ZIGBEE node and the ZIGBEE repeater that carry out wireless signal communication, and described ZIGBEE node all has setting on car, control computing machine and CAN fieldbus; Described control computing machine is connected with fiber optic local area network by router, and described fiber optic local area network is connected with CAN fieldbus; On fiber optic local area network, be provided with LAN node, described ZIGBEE repeater is connected with LAN node.

The described intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure, also comprises mobile communications network, and described mobile communications network comprises mobile communications network terminal and is bundled in the terminal module on user communication equipment; Described mobile communications network terminal is connected with control computing machine, and carries out signal and communication with the terminal module being bundled on user communication equipment.

Described monitoring submodule is connected with berth lock, carries out in real time dead ship condition detection.

On described ZIGBEE node, be provided with user's information of vehicles.

Intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure of the present invention, is preferably used four kinds of networks, is CAN fieldbus, ZIGBEE wireless network, fiber optic local area network and mobile communications network.Wherein, CAN fieldbus: for the monitoring management of the continuous parking stall of short distance block, be that control network packet the most basic in system contains multiple monitoring submodule, berth lock and dead ship condition that each module is controlled separately a parking stall detect.ZIGBEE wireless network: for the networking of multiple parking blocks among a small circle, simultaneously also realize the identity wireless identification function of vehicle.Fiber optic local area network: by each among a small circle ZIGBEE wireless network combine the networking that realizes whole community.Mobile communications network: realize the parking stall management of overlength distance, for owner to parking stall remote reserved, control and monitoring.

Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure of the present invention, the clear superiority having is: (1) is simple in structure, reasonable in design, employing mixes network structure and realizes real-time monitoring and the management of parking stall, improve the resource utilization of parking stall, met the construction requirements of conservation-minded society.(2) use simply, it is convenient to control, and once investment, is forever used, and takes full advantage of the facility that high-tech network brings, and reduces costs, and has improved work efficiency.(3) there is stronger environmental suitability, be applicable to the control of parking of all kinds of communities, comprise that the newly-built residence district of simple layout, grown-ups and children district and the more complicated business of environment of complex environment live dual-purpose mixed type community.(4) after being connected with internet, can also build the Internet of things system of garage management, realize the function such as online enquiries, reservation on public business parking stall, there is good practicality, can produce good economic benefit and social benefit.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further illustrated.

As shown in Figure 1, based on the intelligent parking control system that mixes network structure, comprise and control computing machine, CAN fieldbus, ZIGBEE wireless network, fiber optic local area network and mobile communications network.CAN fieldbus is located at parking stall block, and is connected with the monitoring submodule on each parking stall, and monitoring submodule is connected with berth lock, carries out in real time dead ship condition detection.ZIGBEE wireless network comprises the ZIGBEE node and the ZIGBEE repeater that carry out wireless signal communication, and ZIGBEE node all has setting on car, control computing machine and CAN fieldbus, and wherein, the ZIGBEE node of establishing onboard stores user's information of vehicles.Control computing machine and be connected with fiber optic local area network by router, described fiber optic local area network is connected with CAN fieldbus; On fiber optic local area network, be provided with LAN node, ZIGBEE repeater is connected with LAN node.Mobile communications network comprises mobile communications network terminal and is bundled in the terminal module on user communication equipment; Mobile communications network terminal is connected with control computing machine, and carries out signal and communication with the terminal module being bundled on user communication equipment.

CAN fieldbus of the present invention: for the monitoring management of the continuous parking stall of short distance block, be that control network packet the most basic in system contains multiple monitoring submodule, berth lock and dead ship condition that each module is controlled separately a parking stall detect.ZIGBEE wireless network of the present invention: for the networking of multiple parking blocks among a small circle, simultaneously also realize the identity wireless identification function of vehicle.Fiber optic local area network of the present invention: by each among a small circle ZIGBEE wireless network combine the networking that realizes whole community.Mobile communications network of the present invention: realize the parking stall management of overlength distance, for owner to parking stall remote reserved, control and monitoring.

Intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure of the present invention, when work:

In the time that the vehicle with ZIGBEE terminal (node) of having registered in system enters system distributed areas, through any one monitoring range that contains ZIGBEE terminal, gone out the identity of vehicle by this terminal recognition, send to and control computing machine (if control the monitoring range of computing machine by ZIGBEE or LAN (Local Area Network), directly receive), control parking area and best parking stall (system presets) that computing machine judges that this vehicle is affiliated, system is optimized the parking stall of distributing a best parking stall of the most close vehicle in this region, and indicate the suggestion device work (for example send acousto-optic indication) of this parking stall, vehicle according to prompting travel to distribute parking stall near time, near ZIGBEE recognition device monitors the close of vehicle, open the parking stall lock of system assignment, vehicle stops to parking stall.

When the vehicle of not registering in system, in the time entering parking management region, first get a ZIGBEE end device in porch, and predetermined roughly down time, system is according to parking stall distribution situation in region, the parking area that is chosen in parking stall utilization rate lower (according to the information of registered vehicle and the judgement of current parking situation) in section down time distributes a parking stall, and later docking process is with embodiment 1.When this vehicle exceedes predetermined down time, system will be stopped the scheduled time for this vehicle automatically prolongs, and refresh the information of parking utilization rate.

Car owner can be by the parking stall utilization rate information of the parking stall situation of online enquiries parking area and day part, and by network or mobile communication equipment reservation parking stall.System receives after reservation application, to distribute parking stall to this car according to parking stall service condition, and parking space information is set as preengaging, and refresh the database of parking stall utilization rate, in the time that vehicle stops in the given time, this vehicle will be realized and stopping by the docking process of registered vehicle.Do not arrive if vehicle is overtime, cancel this car information.

The vehicle of having registered in system can transfer the parking stall of oneself other people and use, and has two kinds of modes to realize, and a kind of is to transfer the ZIGBEE terminal of oneself to another vehicle to use; Another mode can be sent and assign an application to parking management system by network or mobile communication platform, system will be recorded the information such as the vehicle license plate that is transferred number, and automatically the ZIGBEE terminal of former car is placed in to dead status, in the time being transferred vehicle and entering, can get an end device that is equal to former vehicle-mounted ZIGBEE module, docking process is equal to registered vehicle.This vehicles failed leaves, and the terminal of former car is all the time in failure state, until this car leaves, and nullifies transfer state, the terminal restore funcitons of former car.This state can be on the net or mobile platform nullify, prerequisite is to be transferred vehicle to leave.

Except registered ZIGBEE terminal, other all interim ZIGBEE terminals need be returned managerial personnel in the time leaving, and nullify its function.

Claims (2)

1. the intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure, is characterized in that: comprise and control computing machine, CAN fieldbus, ZIGBEE wireless network and fiber optic local area network; Described CAN fieldbus is located at parking stall block, and is connected with the monitoring submodule on each parking stall; Described ZIGBEE wireless network comprises the ZIGBEE node and the ZIGBEE repeater that carry out wireless signal communication, and described ZIGBEE node all has setting on car, control computing machine and CAN fieldbus; Described control computing machine is connected with fiber optic local area network by router, and described fiber optic local area network is connected with CAN fieldbus; On fiber optic local area network, be provided with LAN node, described ZIGBEE repeater is connected with LAN node; Also comprise mobile communications network, described mobile communications network comprises mobile communications network terminal and is bundled in the terminal module on user communication equipment; Described mobile communications network terminal is connected with control computing machine, and carries out signal and communication with the terminal module being bundled on user communication equipment; Described monitoring submodule is connected with berth lock, carries out in real time dead ship condition detection.
2. the intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with user's information of vehicles in described establishing on ZIGBEE node onboard.
CN201210333812.9A 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure CN102855772B (en)

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US8704680B1 (en) * 2013-01-30 2014-04-22 HangZhou HaiCun Information Technology Co., Ltd. Large-area parking-monitoring system
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CN104952276A (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-09-30 苏州呈烽物联网信息科技有限公司 Parking space reservation system based on cloud + terminal of specific parking space
CN103971537A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-08-06 南京信息工程大学 Parking lot stall finding system based on WSN
CN104091447A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-08 安徽味唯网络科技有限公司 Method for identifying casual user of intelligent device
CN104616539A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-13 湖南湖大艾盛汽车技术开发有限公司 Intelligent parking space reservation interactive system and use method
CN105070093A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-18 上海海洋大学 Intelligent parking management system design
CN105489054B (en) * 2015-11-25 2019-01-18 智慧互通科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent garage management application system and its method
CN105788358A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-20 至库停车信息服务有限公司 Parking space lock management system based on IOT (Internet of Things) technology
CN105957157A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-21 至库停车信息服务有限公司 Parking information service system and parking information service method for realizing accurate parking space reservation
CN106789512A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 刘震 A kind of rural area express delivery car local area network management and control device
CN108172022A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-15 无锡工艺职业技术学院 A kind of management method of the Intelligent parking lot management system based on ZigBee
CN108281038B (en) * 2018-03-27 2020-10-16 东阳市聚冉电子科技有限公司 System for safely searching parking spaces in area
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