CN102855772A - Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure - Google Patents

Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102855772A
CN102855772A CN2012103338129A CN201210333812A CN102855772A CN 102855772 A CN102855772 A CN 102855772A CN 2012103338129 A CN2012103338129 A CN 2012103338129A CN 201210333812 A CN201210333812 A CN 201210333812A CN 102855772 A CN102855772 A CN 102855772A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
network
zigbee
local area
area network
control
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012103338129A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102855772B (en
Inventor
谢振宇
罗石
谢振国
朱杰
黄振跃
石海啸
张梦锦
Original Assignee
江苏大学
江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏大学, 江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司 filed Critical 江苏大学
Priority to CN201210333812.9A priority Critical patent/CN102855772B/en
Publication of CN102855772A publication Critical patent/CN102855772A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102855772B publication Critical patent/CN102855772B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent parking control system based on a hybrid network structure. The intelligent parking control system comprises a control computer, CAN (controller area network) field buses, a ZIGBEE wireless network and an optical fiber local area network; the CAN field buses are arranged in blocks of parking places and are connected with monitoring sub-modules on the parking places; the ZIGBEE wireless network comprises ZIGBEE nodes and a ZIGBEE relay which are used for communication via wireless signals, and the ZIGBEE nodes are arranged on vehicles, the control computer and the CAN field buses; the control computer is connected with the optical fiber local area network by a router, and the optical fiber local area network is connected with the CAN field buses; and a local area network node is arranged on the optical fiber local area network, and the ZIGBEE relay is connected with the local area network node. The system has the advantages that the parking places are monitored and managed in real time by the hybrid network structure, parking place resource utilization rate is increased, the intelligent parking control system is high in environmental adaptability, suitable for controlling parking of various residential areas, simple in use and convenient to use, cost is lowered, and work efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure

Technical field

The present invention relates to the technical field of parking, be specifically related under the living environment of a kind of complicated residential quarter based on the intelligent parking control system that mixes network structure.

Background technology

The parking stall management of biotope is the large problem that present each residential quarter faces, because the existence of the objective circumstances such as it is irregular that the topographic features of residential quarter is complicated, the parking stall distributes, so that community parking management system great majority all are confined to the banister management of the gateway of residential quarter, this management method also is in foundation phase, can not realize the parking stall in the Based Intelligent Control zone, cause a large amount of wastes of resource, do not met the demand for development of economy, harmonious society.For these problems, existing research has turned to intelligentized parking stall control system direction gradually, and employed technology comprises controller local area network, ZIGBEE technology, LAN (Local Area Network) and mobile communications network.

Controller local area network (Controller Area Network, CAN) belongs to the category of fieldbus, is a kind of serial communication network of effective support dcs.It is a kind of serial communication bus of being developed for automobile industry specially in the eighties in 20th century by company of German Bosch.More and more be subject to people's attention owing to its high-performance, high reliability and unique design, be widely used in numerous areas.And can detect any mistake of generation.When signal transmission distance reached 10km, CAN still can provide the message transmission rate up to 50kbit/s.Because the CAN bus has very high real-time performance and range of application, the express network that reaches as high as 1Mbps from bit rate can be arranged in pairs or groups arbitrarily to the multi 50Kbps network of low cost.Therefore, CAN is own through being widely applied in the fields such as car industry, aircraft industry, Industry Control, security protection.

ZIGBEE technology be a kind of closely, low complex degree, low-power consumption, low rate, bidirectional wireless communication technology cheaply.Be mainly used in the application carrying out data transmission and typically have periodic data, intermittent data and low reaction time data to transmit between short, low in energy consumption and the various electronic equipments that transfer rate is not high of distance.

LAN (Local Area Network) (Local Area Network, LAN) be in the geographic range of a part (in a school, factory and office), generally be that with various computing machines, external unit and database link up mutually the computer communication network of composition in several kms of circumference.

Mobile communications network is a kind of mobile data services that the gsm mobile telephone user can use.

At present, the most 485 traditional bus structure that are based on that adopt of existing Intelligent parking lot management system realize remote monitor, appear in the newspapers adopt in addition the CAN bus with adopt ZIGBEE's, but this product that has no two kinds of structures appears on the market, and single bus-structured system has limitation separately.485 and a network of CAN structure in nodes restricted, and distance is generally nearer, usually in the 1KM scope, is not suitable for larger residential quarter and uses.And the system transmissions of ZIGBEE distance is shorter, and these have all limited the range of application of system.

Therefore, research and develop out one and can be applied to all kinds of complex environments, the convenient control system that realizes complicated parking stall seems particularly important.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention: for the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure, to realize intelligent control parking stall, improve the utilization factor of limited parking stall resource, reduce cost, raise the efficiency.

Technical scheme: in order to realize the foregoing invention purpose, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:

A kind of intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure comprises control computing machine, CAN fieldbus, ZIGBEE wireless network and fiber optic local area network; Described CAN fieldbus is located at the parking stall block, and links to each other with monitoring submodule on each parking stall; Described ZIGBEE wireless network comprises ZIGBEE node and the ZIGBEE repeater that carries out wireless signal communication, and described ZIGBEE node all has setting on car, control computing machine and CAN fieldbus; Described control computing machine links to each other with fiber optic local area network by router, and described fiber optic local area network links to each other with the CAN fieldbus; Be provided with LAN node at fiber optic local area network, described ZIGBEE repeater links to each other with LAN node.

Described intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure also comprises mobile communications network, and described mobile communications network comprises mobile communications network terminal and the terminal module that is bundled on the user communication equipment; Described mobile communications network terminal links to each other with the control computing machine, and carries out signal and communication with the terminal module that is bundled on the user communication equipment.

Described monitoring submodule links to each other with berth lock, carries out in real time dead ship condition and detects.

Be provided with user's information of vehicles at described ZIGBEE node.

Intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure of the present invention is preferably used four kinds of networks, is CAN fieldbus, ZIGBEE wireless network, fiber optic local area network and mobile communications network.Wherein, the CAN fieldbus: being used for the monitoring management of the continuous parking stall of short distance block, is that control network the most basic in the system comprises a plurality of monitoring submodule, and each module separately berth lock and the dead ship condition of a parking stall of control detects.ZIGBEE wireless network: be used for the among a small circle networking of a plurality of parking blocks, also realize simultaneously the identity wireless identification function of vehicle.Fiber optic local area network: with each among a small circle the ZIGBEE wireless network combine the networking that realizes whole residential quarter.Mobile communications network: realize the parking stall management of overlength distance, be used for the owner to remote reserved, control and the monitoring of parking stall.

Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure of the present invention, the clear superiority that has is: (1) is simple in structure, reasonable in design, employing mixes Real Time Monitoring and the management that network structure realizes the parking stall, improve the resource utilization of parking stall, met the construction requirements of conservation-minded society.(2) use simply, control is convenient, once investment, and permanent use takes full advantage of the facility that the high-tech network brings, and reduces cost, has improved work efficiency.(3) have stronger environmental suitability, be fit to the control of parking of all kinds of residential quarters, comprise that the newly-built biotope of simple layout, grown-ups and children district and the more complicated merchant of environment of complex environment live the dual-purpose type of using with residential quarter.(4) with after the internet links, can also make up the Internet of things system of garage management, realize the functions such as online enquiries, reservation on public business parking stall, have good practicality, can produce good economic benefit and social benefit.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is based on the structural representation of the intelligent parking control system that mixes network structure.

Embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

As shown in Figure 1, based on the intelligent parking control system that mixes network structure, comprise control computing machine, CAN fieldbus, ZIGBEE wireless network, fiber optic local area network and mobile communications network.The CAN fieldbus is located at the parking stall block, and links to each other with monitoring submodule on each parking stall, and monitoring submodule links to each other with berth lock, carries out in real time dead ship condition and detects.The ZIGBEE wireless network comprises ZIGBEE node and the ZIGBEE repeater that carries out wireless signal communication, and the ZIGBEE node all has setting on car, control computing machine and CAN fieldbus, and wherein, the ZIGBEE node of establishing onboard stores user's information of vehicles.The control computing machine links to each other with fiber optic local area network by router, and described fiber optic local area network links to each other with the CAN fieldbus; Be provided with LAN node at fiber optic local area network, the ZIGBEE repeater links to each other with LAN node.Mobile communications network comprises mobile communications network terminal and the terminal module that is bundled on the user communication equipment; The mobile communications network terminal links to each other with the control computing machine, and carries out signal and communication with the terminal module that is bundled on the user communication equipment.

CAN fieldbus of the present invention: being used for the monitoring management of the continuous parking stall of short distance block, is that control network the most basic in the system comprises a plurality of monitoring submodule, and each module separately berth lock and the dead ship condition of a parking stall of control detects.ZIGBEE wireless network of the present invention: be used for the among a small circle networking of a plurality of parking blocks, also realize simultaneously the identity wireless identification function of vehicle.Fiber optic local area network of the present invention: with each among a small circle the ZIGBEE wireless network combine the networking that realizes whole residential quarter.Mobile communications network of the present invention: realize the parking stall management of overlength distance, be used for the owner to remote reserved, control and the monitoring of parking stall.

Intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure of the present invention, during work:

When the vehicle with ZIGBEE terminal (node) of having registered in system enters the system distributed areas, contain the monitoring range of ZIGBEE terminal through any one, gone out the identity of vehicle by this terminal recognition, send to control computing machine (if the monitoring range of control computing machine by ZIGBEE or LAN (Local Area Network), then directly receive), the control computing machine is judged parking area and best parking stall (system presets) under this vehicle, system optimizes the parking stall of distributing a best parking stall of the most close vehicle in this zone, and indicate the suggestion device work (for example send acousto-optic indication) of this parking stall, vehicle travels near the parking stall of distributing the time according to prompting, near ZIGBEE recognition device monitors the close of vehicle, the parking stall lock that opening system distributes, vehicle stops to the parking stall.

When the vehicle of in system, not registering, when entering the parking management zone, get first a ZIGBEE end device in the porch, and predetermined roughly down time, system is according to parking stall distribution situation in the zone, the parking area that is chosen in parking stall utilization rate lower (information and current parking situation according to registered vehicle are judged) in section down time distributes a parking stall, and later docking process is with embodiment 1.Be scheduled to down time when this vehicle surpasses, system will stop the scheduled time for this vehicle automatically prolong, and refresh the information of parking utilization rate.

The car owner can be by the parking stall situation of online enquiries parking area and the parking stall utilization rate information of day part, and by network or mobile communication equipment reservation parking stall.After system receives the reservation application, to distribute the parking stall for this car according to the parking stall operating position, and parking space information is set as preengages, and refresh the database of parking stall utilization rate, when vehicle stops in the given time, this vehicle will be realized stopping by the docking process of registered vehicle.Do not arrive if vehicle is overtime, then cancel this car information.

The vehicle of having registered in system can transfer the parking stall of oneself other people and use, and has dual mode to realize, a kind of is to transfer own ZIGBEE terminal to another vehicle use; Another mode can be sent to parking management system by network or mobile communication platform and assign an application, system will record the information such as the vehicle license plate that is transferred number, and automatically the ZIGBEE terminal of former car is placed dead status, when being transferred vehicle and entering, can get an end device that is equal to former vehicle-mounted ZIGBEE module, docking process is equal to registered vehicle.This vehicles failed leaves, and the terminal of former car is in failure state all the time, until this car leaves, and nullifies transfer state, the terminal restore funcitons of former car.This state can be on the net or mobile platform nullify, prerequisite is to be transferred vehicle to leave.

Except registered ZIGBEE terminal, other all interim ZIGBEE terminals need be returned managerial personnel when leaving, and nullify its function.

Claims (4)

1. one kind based on the intelligent parking control system that mixes network structure, it is characterized in that: comprise control computing machine, CAN fieldbus, ZIGBEE wireless network and fiber optic local area network; Described CAN fieldbus is located at the parking stall block, and links to each other with monitoring submodule on each parking stall; Described ZIGBEE wireless network comprises ZIGBEE node and the ZIGBEE repeater that carries out wireless signal communication, and described ZIGBEE node all has setting on car, control computing machine and CAN fieldbus; Described control computing machine links to each other with fiber optic local area network by router, and described fiber optic local area network links to each other with the CAN fieldbus; Be provided with LAN node at fiber optic local area network, described ZIGBEE repeater links to each other with LAN node.
2. the intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also comprise mobile communications network, described mobile communications network comprises the mobile communications network terminal and is bundled in terminal module on the user communication equipment; Described mobile communications network terminal links to each other with the control computing machine, and carries out signal and communication with the terminal module that is bundled on the user communication equipment.
3. the intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described monitoring submodule links to each other with berth lock, carries out in real time dead ship condition and detects.
4. the intelligent parking control system based on mixing network structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with user's information of vehicles at described ZIGBEE node.
CN201210333812.9A 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure CN102855772B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210333812.9A CN102855772B (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210333812.9A CN102855772B (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102855772A true CN102855772A (en) 2013-01-02
CN102855772B CN102855772B (en) 2014-07-02

Family

ID=47402319

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210333812.9A CN102855772B (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102855772B (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103093642A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-05-08 福建师范大学 Parking lot information issuing device based on vehicle-mounted ad hoc network
CN103632571A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-12 江苏大学 Network parking space monitoring system
CN103971537A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-08-06 南京信息工程大学 Parking lot stall finding system based on WSN
WO2014117488A1 (en) * 2013-01-30 2014-08-07 Zhang Guobiao Large-scale parking space monitoring system
CN104091447A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-08 安徽味唯网络科技有限公司 Method for identifying casual user of intelligent device
CN104616539A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-13 湖南湖大艾盛汽车技术开发有限公司 Intelligent parking space reservation interactive system and use method
CN104952276A (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-09-30 苏州呈烽物联网信息科技有限公司 Parking space reservation system based on cloud + terminal of specific parking space
CN105070093A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-18 上海海洋大学 Intelligent parking management system design
CN105489054A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-04-13 智慧互通科技有限公司 Intelligent garage management application system and method
CN105788358A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-20 至库停车信息服务有限公司 Parking space lock management system based on IOT (Internet of Things) technology
CN105957157A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-21 至库停车信息服务有限公司 Parking information service system and parking information service method for realizing accurate parking space reservation
CN106789512A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 刘震 A kind of rural area express delivery car local area network management and control device
CN108172022A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-15 无锡工艺职业技术学院 A kind of management method of the Intelligent parking lot management system based on ZigBee
CN108281038A (en) * 2018-03-27 2018-07-13 湖州华科信息咨询有限公司 A kind of system for searching parking stall in region for safety
CN111161565A (en) * 2020-02-19 2020-05-15 青岛新起点文化科技有限公司 Automobile parking system based on smart phone

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5745052A (en) * 1995-06-23 1998-04-28 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Parking lot control system
JP2000123209A (en) * 1998-10-16 2000-04-28 Toshiba Corp System and method for managing parking lot
CN101266716A (en) * 2008-04-25 2008-09-17 港湾网络有限公司 An intelligent car position guidance system and method based on Zigbee network
KR20090080648A (en) * 2008-01-22 2009-07-27 군산대학교산학협력단 System and Method for Managing Parking Information
CN102081807A (en) * 2011-01-25 2011-06-01 上海万康无线智能控制系统有限公司 Parking management system for parking lot and parking guiding method
CN201897884U (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-07-13 山西大学 Intelligent parking lot management device based on ZigBee wireless sensor network
CN101339694B (en) * 2008-07-25 2011-11-16 武汉理工大学 Vehicle parking system guiding and management system based on CAN bus
US20120044091A1 (en) * 2010-08-20 2012-02-23 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Method and apparatus for providing parking management service, and client device and server therefor
CN202352098U (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-07-25 广东朗视光电技术有限公司 Parking area controlling system based on controller area network (CAN) bus
CN102646341A (en) * 2012-04-17 2012-08-22 浙江大学城市学院 System for searching empty parking space and supplying guide service in large underground parking garage based on ZigBee wireless network and control method
CN202771636U (en) * 2012-09-11 2013-03-06 江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司 Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5745052A (en) * 1995-06-23 1998-04-28 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Parking lot control system
JP2000123209A (en) * 1998-10-16 2000-04-28 Toshiba Corp System and method for managing parking lot
KR20090080648A (en) * 2008-01-22 2009-07-27 군산대학교산학협력단 System and Method for Managing Parking Information
CN101266716A (en) * 2008-04-25 2008-09-17 港湾网络有限公司 An intelligent car position guidance system and method based on Zigbee network
CN101339694B (en) * 2008-07-25 2011-11-16 武汉理工大学 Vehicle parking system guiding and management system based on CAN bus
US20120044091A1 (en) * 2010-08-20 2012-02-23 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Method and apparatus for providing parking management service, and client device and server therefor
CN201897884U (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-07-13 山西大学 Intelligent parking lot management device based on ZigBee wireless sensor network
CN102081807A (en) * 2011-01-25 2011-06-01 上海万康无线智能控制系统有限公司 Parking management system for parking lot and parking guiding method
CN202352098U (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-07-25 广东朗视光电技术有限公司 Parking area controlling system based on controller area network (CAN) bus
CN102646341A (en) * 2012-04-17 2012-08-22 浙江大学城市学院 System for searching empty parking space and supplying guide service in large underground parking garage based on ZigBee wireless network and control method
CN202771636U (en) * 2012-09-11 2013-03-06 江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司 Intelligent parking control system based on hybrid network structure

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
陈森,等.: "基于CAN和ZIGBEE技术的井下定位系统设计", 《微计算机信息》 *

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103093642A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-05-08 福建师范大学 Parking lot information issuing device based on vehicle-mounted ad hoc network
WO2014117488A1 (en) * 2013-01-30 2014-08-07 Zhang Guobiao Large-scale parking space monitoring system
CN103632571A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-12 江苏大学 Network parking space monitoring system
CN104952276A (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-09-30 苏州呈烽物联网信息科技有限公司 Parking space reservation system based on cloud + terminal of specific parking space
CN103971537A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-08-06 南京信息工程大学 Parking lot stall finding system based on WSN
CN104091447A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-08 安徽味唯网络科技有限公司 Method for identifying casual user of intelligent device
CN104616539A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-13 湖南湖大艾盛汽车技术开发有限公司 Intelligent parking space reservation interactive system and use method
CN105070093A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-18 上海海洋大学 Intelligent parking management system design
CN105489054A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-04-13 智慧互通科技有限公司 Intelligent garage management application system and method
CN105788358A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-20 至库停车信息服务有限公司 Parking space lock management system based on IOT (Internet of Things) technology
CN105957157A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-21 至库停车信息服务有限公司 Parking information service system and parking information service method for realizing accurate parking space reservation
CN106789512A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 刘震 A kind of rural area express delivery car local area network management and control device
CN108172022A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-15 无锡工艺职业技术学院 A kind of management method of the Intelligent parking lot management system based on ZigBee
CN108281038A (en) * 2018-03-27 2018-07-13 湖州华科信息咨询有限公司 A kind of system for searching parking stall in region for safety
CN111161565A (en) * 2020-02-19 2020-05-15 青岛新起点文化科技有限公司 Automobile parking system based on smart phone

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102855772B (en) 2014-07-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101950998B (en) Charging system of electric vehicle internet of things
CN102081807B (en) Parking management system for parking lot and parking guiding method
EP2362362B1 (en) Method for charging electric vehicles in geographically distributed charging stations
CN105551150A (en) Internet and intelligent public bicycle traffic management system and reservation scheduling method
CN101799991B (en) Road lamp management and taxi call automatic dispatching system based on Internet of things
US20110010043A1 (en) Vehicle communication systems and methods for electric vehicle power management
CN100531452C (en) Intelligent public traffic system
CN101908248B (en) Entire renting system for battery electric vehicles
CN202075872U (en) Intelligent taxi dispatching system based on vehicle networking and mobile phone
CN201062461Y (en) Wireless station screening door vehicle-ground interlocking control system
DE102011113300B3 (en) Switch for connecting antenna unit and computing unit for formation of e.g. dedicated short-range communication device, in context of motor car-to-X communication, has filter for filtering received messages that are not-forwarded
CN201893808U (en) Vehicle multi-directional communication system based on wireless network
CN203450058U (en) Hybrid automobile and intelligent fault diagnosis device and intelligent alarm system thereof
CN104915771A (en) Electric vehicle sharing platform and intelligent control method
CN102821354A (en) Positioning and alarming system and method
CN102882262B (en) Vehicle network integration technology-based electric vehicle charging system and implementation method thereof
CN103761873B (en) Carpooling system and utilize the share-car method of this Carpooling system
CN103891088A (en) Apparatus, method and article for providing information regarding availability of power storage devices at a power storage device collection, charging and distribution machine
CN106696738A (en) Wireless charging method, device and system for electric automobile
CN104678908B (en) Can networking automatic parking ground lock administration system
CN103985271A (en) Intelligent parking guiding system based on cloud internet of things
CN102724663A (en) Relay-based cooperative communication system for Internet of Vehicles
CN103078930A (en) Information distribution system based on vehicle internet
CN101071526A (en) Interactive intelligent road nail and its road net information system
CN107161020B (en) Charging and battery replacing station and charging and battery replacing control system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant