CN102845214A - Propagation method for hard wood cutting of 'golden common vetch' - Google Patents

Propagation method for hard wood cutting of 'golden common vetch' Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102845214A
CN102845214A CN2012103781297A CN201210378129A CN102845214A CN 102845214 A CN102845214 A CN 102845214A CN 2012103781297 A CN2012103781297 A CN 2012103781297A CN 201210378129 A CN201210378129 A CN 201210378129A CN 102845214 A CN102845214 A CN 102845214A
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China
Prior art keywords
cuttage
matrix
plugged ear
common vetch
cutting slips
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Pending
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CN2012103781297A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李亚
汪庆
杨如同
王鹏
李林芳
王淑安
张振宇
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Institute of Botany of CAS
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Institute of Botany of CAS
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Priority to CN2012103781297A priority Critical patent/CN102845214A/en
Publication of CN102845214A publication Critical patent/CN102845214A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a 'propagation method for the hard wood cutting of 'golden common vetch''. The propagation method is characterized by comprising the following steps of: selecting the annual 'golden common vetch' branches free of plant diseases and insect pests and with the coarseness within the range of 0.2-0.6cm in March, shearing into cutting slips with the lengths of 5-10cm, and soaking in water for 12-24 hours; dipping the roots of the cutting slips at 1.5-3.0cm for 10-20s by 75% ethyl alcohol, washing by clean water for 2-3s, inserting into 800-1000mg.L<-1> IBA (iso butyl alcohol) solution for 30-50s, and inserting into a matrix mixed by mire soil and perlite according to the proportion of 1:1, wherein the cottage depth is 1/2 of the length of the cutting slips, and one golden common vetch is inserted into every one hole disc; spraying water after cottage, so that the branches are tightly contacted with the matrix; and entering a seedling exercising period when the rooting percentage of the cutting slips reaches up to 60-70% of a sword, and planting when the seedling exercising time is 10-15d. The survival percentage of the cutting slips of 'golden common vetch' propagated by the method disclosed by the invention can reach to be more than 80% of the sword under the condition of a fog system, and the method is ordered in nursery stock, enough in delayed effect, and extremely good in commodity.

Description

The method of a kind of ' Jin Wei ' cuttage breeding
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cuttage and seedling culture propagation method, relate in particular to a kind of ' Jin Wei ' just branch cuttage breeding method.
Background technology
Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica L.), have another name called all round victory, crape myrtle, itch the tree etc., be the Lythraceae plant of Lagerstroemia.During the broiling summer, proper lacking, spent the time, its flowers are in blossom bright-coloured as fire, from the autumn in the Summer Solstice, lasting, be China and even see in the world the flower dungarunga in famous summer, with lily, pomegranate, lotus and be described as large famous flower in summers 4, can be rated as " queen of flowers in summer ", have very high ornamental value.Crape myrtle is to originate in China, just begins be used to viewing and admiring since the Tang Dynasty, so far the cultivation history in existing more than 1,500 year.Crape myrtle kind about more than 40 mainly comprises crape myrtle, the silver-colored common vetch that pattern is pure white, the peach red common vetch of pattern and the hepatic emerald green common vetch of pattern of pattern purple so far.
' Jin Wei ' is the crape myrtle new varieties that have independent intellectual property right that Institute of Botany cultivates, and feature is that blade is golden yellow, and plant is downgraded, flower diminishes.Because ' Jin Wei ' integrates sight leaf, flower and do, ornamental value is high, and gardens are of many uses.Yet the cuttage root-taking rate is low, is not easy to survive, and has limited its application prospect.' Jin Wei ' cuttage propagation technique yet there are no report at home and abroad.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide high ' Jin Wei ' cuttage propagation method of a kind of survival rate.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
1. plugged ear is processed: be before ' Jin Wei ' sleeping bud is sprouted in mid-March, the rugosity of clip life in 1 year is between the branch without damage by disease and insect of 0.2-0.6cm from ' Jin Wei ' elite stand.Hard secateurs is become the long plugged ear of 5-10cm, put into water take the 30-50 branch as a bundle and soak 12-24hr.
2. matrix sterilization: matrix is that mire soil mixes in 1: 1 ratio with perlite, irrigates matrix with 800 times of liquid of 50% carbendazol wettable powder before the cuttage.
3. cuttage: 10-20s is dipped in alcohol in plugged ear base portion 1.5-3.0cm place, clear water flushing 2-3s, then plugged ear is put into root-growing agent and is dipped in 30-50s, the concentration 800-1000mgL of root-growing agent -1IBA, last plugged ear is inserted in the matrix, and the cuttage degree of depth is plugged ear 1/2, and each cave dish is inserted a strain.
4. management: water for the first time permeablely after the cuttage, be later on spraying, keep humidity 70%-80%, do to shelter from heat or light processings with 75% sunshade net in 3 weeks after inserting, the while is watered matrix every 7-10d with 800 times of liquid of 50% carbendazol wettable powder.
5. hardening: begin to enter the hardening phase when rooting percent reaches sword 60-70%, hardening 10-15d gets final product field planting.
The present invention creates the adapt circumstance condition, thereby makes ' Jin Wei ' survival rate reach sword more than 80% according to the specific (special) requirements of plant cuttage to environmental condition, has greatly promoted the popularization of this product kind.
Embodiment:
The method of ' Jin Wei ' of the present invention cuttage, its better embodiment is: annual mid-March sword namely before ' Jin Wei ' sleeping bud is sprouted, the rugosity of clip life in 1 year is between the branch without damage by disease and insect of 0.2-0.6cm from ' Jin Wei ' elite stand at the beginning of 4 months.Hard secateurs is become the long plugged ear of 5-10cm, and plugged ear upper end truncation is 0.5-1.0cm from the distance of sleeping bud, cuts sth. askew in the lower end, and plugged ear is put into water take the 30-50 branch as a bundle and soaked 12-24hr.The matrix of cuttage is mixed in 1: 1 ratio with perlite by mire soil, irrigates matrix with 800 times of liquid of 50% carbendazol wettable powder before the cuttage, to reach the effect of sterilization.Then 10-20s is dipped in 75% alcohol in plugged ear base portion 1.5-3.0cm place, clear water flushing 2-3s, then plugged ear is put into root-growing agent and is dipped in 30-50s, the concentration 800-1000mgL of root-growing agent -1IBA, last plugged ear is inserted in the matrix, and the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 of plugged ear, and each cave dish is inserted a strain.Simultaneously cuttage also can be carried out in the cuttage pond, and the density of cuttage is 400/m 2Water for the first time permeablely after the cuttage, be spraying afterwards, keep humidity 70%-80%, do to shelter from heat or light processings with 75% sunshade net in 3 weeks after inserting, water matrix every 7-10d with same 800 times of liquid of 50% carbendazol wettable powder simultaneously.Begin to enter the hardening phase when rooting percent reaches sword 70-80%, get final product field planting behind the hardening 10-15d.
Below affect the factor of ' Jin Wei ' cuttage root-taking rate with concrete data declaration:
Utilize the factors such as Orthogonal Experiment and Design L9 (33) research IBA concentration, substrate composition and cutting size of 3 factors, 3 levels on ' gold leaf crape myrtle ' cuttage root-taking rate and the long impact of root, and filter out optimum be combined as in a large number, fast breeding ' gold leaf crape myrtle ' lays the foundation.
Table 1 orthogonal experiment factor level table
Table 2L9 (3 3) the Orthogonal Experiment and Design table
Table 3 different tests is processed lower ' Jin Wei ' the proterties mean value of taking root
Find that through variance analysis there is significant difference in each processing on rooting rate, root length and 3 indexs of radical, show that there is significantly impact in different disposal to ' Jin Wei ' cuttage root-taking rate.The rooting rate of processing for No. 6 as can be seen from Table 3 is the highest, has reached 87.78%, and the longest root is long to be 8.70cm, and the adventive root number is 4.50.What therefore process for No. 6 is ' Jin Wei ' best cuttage scheme.

Claims (4)

1. the method for ' Jin Wei ' cuttage breeding comprises the following steps:
A) plugged ear is processed: be before ' Jin Wei ' sleeping bud is sprouted in mid-March, the rugosity of clip life in 1 year is between the branch without damage by disease and insect of 0.2-0.6cm from ' gold leaf crape myrtle ' elite stand.Hard secateurs is become the long plugged ear of 5-10cm, put into water take the 30-50 branch as a bundle and soak 12-24hr.
B) matrix sterilization: irrigate matrix with 800 times of liquid of 50% carbendazol wettable powder before the cuttage.
C) cuttage: 10-20s is dipped in alcohol in plugged ear base portion 1.5-3.0cm place, clear water flushing 2-3s, then plugged ear is put into root-growing agent and is dipped in 30-50s, and last plugged ear is inserted in the matrix, and the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 of plugged ear, and each cave dish is inserted a strain.
D) management: water for the first time permeablely after the cuttage, be later on spraying, do to shelter from heat or light processings with 75% sunshade net in 3 weeks after inserting, keep humidity 70%-80%, the while is watered matrix every 7-10d with 800 times of liquid of 50% carbendazol wettable powder.
E) hardening: begin to enter the hardening phase when rooting percent reaches sword 60-70%, hardening 10-15d gets final product field planting.
2. the method for claim 1 is characterized in that described matrix is that mire soil mixes in 1: 1 ratio with perlite.
3. the method for claim 1, the concentration that it is characterized in that described alcohol is 75%.
4. the method for claim 1 is characterized in that the concentration 800-1000mgL of described root-growing agent -1IBA.
CN2012103781297A 2012-10-09 2012-10-09 Propagation method for hard wood cutting of 'golden common vetch' Pending CN102845214A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103348862A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-16 句容市仑山花木场 Straight branch crape myrtle cutting seedling raising method
CN103650884A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-26 铜仁市满堂红农业科技有限公司 Straight bar type individual plant cultivation method for lagerstroemia plant of lythraceae
CN103650885A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-26 铜仁市满堂红农业科技有限公司 Dwarf gene variety group establishing method for lagerstroemia plant of lythraceae
CN103947432A (en) * 2014-05-09 2014-07-30 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Fixed-stem cultivation method for annual cutting seedling of Yakushima lagerstroemia
CN104025893A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-09-10 浙江采悠园林有限公司 Crape myrtle old branch cutting propagation method
CN104115661A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-29 江苏绿苑园林建设有限公司 American lagerstroemia indica red rocket branch cutting propagation method
CN104145692A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 浙江采悠园林有限公司 Method for cutting crape myrtle seedlings on seedbed
CN104206135A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-12-17 金寨县万紫千红农业科技开发有限公司 Efficient cuttage method capable of increasing survival rate of crape myrtle
CN104429468A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-03-25 襄阳景源花木有限责任公司 Crape myrtle nursery stock cottage cultivation method
CN105028089A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-11 江苏绿苑园林建设有限公司 Hard-wood cutting seedling method for Lagerstroemia indica Dynamite
CN105325272A (en) * 2015-10-25 2016-02-17 湖北京穗农林科技发展有限公司 Lagerstroemia indica cutting breeding method
CN106258711A (en) * 2015-06-11 2017-01-04 北京林业大学 The Cultivating techniques of Sophora japonica L. layering grafting Chinese pagoda tree gold branch gold leaf Chinese pagoda tree intention tree
CN107548754A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-09 江西省绿时代生态科技发展有限公司 A kind of rapid propagation method of aquatic landscape plant Lythrum salicaria
CN110140535A (en) * 2019-02-01 2019-08-20 海南省农业科学院热带园艺研究所 A kind of mao of calyx crape myrtle seedling rapid propagation method

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103348862A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-16 句容市仑山花木场 Straight branch crape myrtle cutting seedling raising method
CN103650884A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-26 铜仁市满堂红农业科技有限公司 Straight bar type individual plant cultivation method for lagerstroemia plant of lythraceae
CN103650885A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-26 铜仁市满堂红农业科技有限公司 Dwarf gene variety group establishing method for lagerstroemia plant of lythraceae
CN103947432B (en) * 2014-05-09 2016-01-20 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 The method of the surely dry cultivation of the annual cuttage seeding of Wu Jiu island crape myrtle
CN103947432A (en) * 2014-05-09 2014-07-30 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Fixed-stem cultivation method for annual cutting seedling of Yakushima lagerstroemia
CN104025893A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-09-10 浙江采悠园林有限公司 Crape myrtle old branch cutting propagation method
CN104115661A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-29 江苏绿苑园林建设有限公司 American lagerstroemia indica red rocket branch cutting propagation method
CN104206135A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-12-17 金寨县万紫千红农业科技开发有限公司 Efficient cuttage method capable of increasing survival rate of crape myrtle
CN104145692B (en) * 2014-08-28 2016-04-13 浙江采悠园林有限公司 A kind of method of seedbed cuttage crape myrtle seedling
CN104145692A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 浙江采悠园林有限公司 Method for cutting crape myrtle seedlings on seedbed
CN104429468A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-03-25 襄阳景源花木有限责任公司 Crape myrtle nursery stock cottage cultivation method
CN106258711A (en) * 2015-06-11 2017-01-04 北京林业大学 The Cultivating techniques of Sophora japonica L. layering grafting Chinese pagoda tree gold branch gold leaf Chinese pagoda tree intention tree
CN105028089A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-11 江苏绿苑园林建设有限公司 Hard-wood cutting seedling method for Lagerstroemia indica Dynamite
CN105325272A (en) * 2015-10-25 2016-02-17 湖北京穗农林科技发展有限公司 Lagerstroemia indica cutting breeding method
CN107548754A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-09 江西省绿时代生态科技发展有限公司 A kind of rapid propagation method of aquatic landscape plant Lythrum salicaria
CN110140535A (en) * 2019-02-01 2019-08-20 海南省农业科学院热带园艺研究所 A kind of mao of calyx crape myrtle seedling rapid propagation method

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Application publication date: 20130102