CN102838344B - Method for making soil ceramic painting and calligraphy brick - Google Patents

Method for making soil ceramic painting and calligraphy brick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102838344B
CN102838344B CN201210329149.5A CN201210329149A CN102838344B CN 102838344 B CN102838344 B CN 102838344B CN 201210329149 A CN201210329149 A CN 201210329149A CN 102838344 B CN102838344 B CN 102838344B
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Prior art keywords
mud
kiln
fire
brick
hour
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201210329149.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102838344A (en
Inventor
王富志
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Chongqing Huahong Building Planning Survey Design Co ltd
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Chongqing Huahong Building Planning Survey Design Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for making a soil ceramic painting and calligraphy brick, belonging to the technical field of building decoration materials. The method comprises the steps as follows: selecting materials; grinding into powder; making mud; standing; mixing the mud; jiggering; making a blank; air-curing; engraving; fire-curing; firing; and drawing. The method has the beneficial effects as follows: clay containing special components is selected and made into mud, and the mud is mixed with broken cotton silks and salt, so that plasticity and flexibility of the mud are enhanced, thereby easily drawing a relatively complicated ceramic blank; then painting and calligraphy are engraved on the ceramic blank, so that a soil ceramic product is endowed with a special style; before a kiln is fired, the ceramic blank is cured in fire for two days by firewood, so that the ceramic blank can be fired to be bright and cinerous; the quality of the soil ceramic painting and calligraphy brick is improved; the kiln is gradually heated when being fired and gradually cooled after being fired; and a fired soil ceramic is firmer and difficult to damage.

Description

A kind of native Tao Shu is drawn the making method of brick
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of construction and decoration materials, the making method that particularly a kind of native Tao Shu is drawn brick.
Background technology
Soil pottery is Traditional Folk Art, various red potteries, black pottery, gray pottery, white pottery vessel that people use folk artisans to fire voluntarily in daily life and various folk activity always.
Soil pottery product is take Domestic vessel such as urn, basin, tanks as main, also have fancy goods as lamp stand, pillow, garlic mortar,
Washing board, inkstone, pen container, paperweight, clay figurine, the mud whistle etc.Miscellaneous pottery products, the particularly complete pottery such as urn, basin, tank, vary, can contain grain and can be filled with water again, economical and practical, in the age low in production level, goods and materials are deficient, be subject to people's generally favor, along with scientific and technological development and the raising of living standard, also, due to soil pottery complex manufacturing technology, many native ceramics are standby to die down, and technology is gradually lost.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of making method of the native earthenware brick of having portrayed painting and calligraphy, for people provide a kind of building and ornament materials classic and modern meaning that have, improves people's material and cultural life.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is the making method that a kind of native Tao Shu is drawn brick, comprise and select materials, abrasive dust, mud processed, leave standstill, pugging, throwing, base, airing, carve, fire-cure, fire and kiln discharge, it is characterized in that concrete grammar is as follows:
(1) select materials: choose the clay below the 10cm of earth's surface, this clay is containing SiO 250%-70%, Al 2o 310%-12%, 5-10%Fe 2o 3+ FeO; Another standby cotton-wool, salt.
(2) abrasive dust: earth is dried, wear into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get clay mud powder; Cotton-wool is cut up with a hay cutter into the broken staple that length is less than 1cm, salt is worn into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get salt powder.
(3) mud processed: clay mud powder, salt powder and broken staple are fully mixed according to the ratio of 100:2-3:1-2, then add the water of mud powder gross weight 45%-50%, fully stir, and become mud.
(4) leave standstill: mud is left standstill to 12-15 days.
(5) pugging: mud is stirred repeatedly, until smooth, fine and smooth.
(6) throwing: mud is carried out to preliminary throwing, make just base of brick shape.
(7) base: first brick shape base is moulded to brick output shape finished state and obtain adobe.
(8) airing: by moulding adobe airing 20-30 hour, overcast and rainy dry room-dry 40-60 hour, every 3-4 hour brushing one deck mud when airing, every 6-8 hour brushing one deck mud when room-dry put into.
(9) engraving: with pottery instrument at quarter engraving character or pattern in adobe, obtain moulding soil Tao Shu and draw adobe.
(10) fire-cure: the faggot of the adobe after airing is made a fire and fire-cures two days.
(11) fire: the adobe after fire-cureing is put into kiln and fire, first preheating below 80 ℃ 24 hours again, and then in 40-48 hour, temperature in kiln is evenly risen to 600 ℃ from 80 ℃, in 12-24 hour, block gradually again venting hole, chimney, temperature in kiln is evenly risen to 900 ℃-950 ℃, then the hole of making a fire, hope pinkeye and slag-drip opening all block, seal kiln, then cease fire, and keep 48-72 hour, and then open gradually kiln, in 110-120 hour, open gradually venting hole, wicket, chimney, make to be cooled to 120 ℃, then be naturally down to normal temperature, when cooling, on kiln, discharge water, make moisture penetration arrive kiln inside.
(12) kiln discharge: then cooling 3-4 days at normal temperatures, obtain native Tao Shu and draw brick finished product, then native Tao Shu is drawn to brick product kiln discharge, packing warehouse-in.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows by choosing the clay that contains special composition and make mud, and at mud internal reference and broken staple and salt, increased plasticity-and the toughness of mud, easily draw out the greenwave of more complicated; Then painting and calligraphy carved on greenwave, make soil pottery product not have some style; Before firing, first fire-cure two days with faggot, can burn bright Steel Gray, the quality that improves native Tao Shu and draw brick rises kiln temperature gradually in the time of firing, declines gradually after burned, can make soil pottery fire more solid, not perishable.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1.
Choose the clay below the 10cm of earth's surface, through checking this clay containing SiO 250%, Al 2o 310%, Fe 2o 3+ FeO5%, another standby cotton-wool, salt, earth is dried, wear into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get clay mud powder, cotton-wool is cut up with a hay cutter into the broken staple that length is less than 1cm, salt is worn into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get salt powder, then get clay mud powder 1000kg, salt powder 20kg, broken staple 10kg fully mixes, and then adds 450kg water, fully stirs, and becomes mud, then mud is left standstill to 12 days, again mud is stirred repeatedly, until smooth, fine and smooth, mud is carried out to preliminary throwing, make just base of brick shape, then first brick shape base is moulded to brick output shape finished state and obtain adobe, by moulding adobe airing 20 hours, every 3 hours brushing one deck mud therebetween, then with pottery instrument at quarter engraving character or pattern in adobe, obtain moulding soil Tao Shu and draw adobe, adobe after airing is made a fire and fire-cureed two days with faggot, then putting into kiln fires, first preheating below 80 ℃ 24 hours again, then in 40 hours by kiln in temperature evenly rise to 600 ℃ from 80 ℃, in 12 hours, block gradually again venting hole, chimney, temperature in kiln is evenly risen to 900 ℃, then the hole of making a fire, hope pinkeye and slag-drip opening all block, seal kiln, then cease fire, and keep 48 hours, and then open gradually kiln, in 110 hours, open gradually venting hole, wicket, chimney, make to be cooled to 120 ℃, then be naturally down to normal temperature, when cooling, on kiln, discharge water, make moisture penetration arrive kiln inside, finally cooling 3 days at normal temperatures, obtain native Tao Shu and draw brick product, then native Tao Shu is drawn to brick product kiln discharge, packing warehouse-in.
Embodiment 2.
Choose the clay below the 10cm of earth's surface, through checking this clay containing SiO 260%, Al 2o 311%, Fe 2o 3+ FeO7%, another standby cotton-wool, salt, earth is dried, wear into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get clay mud powder, cotton-wool is cut up with a hay cutter into the broken staple that length is less than 1cm, salt is worn into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get salt powder, clay mud powder 1000kg, salt powder 25kg, broken staple 15kg are fully mixed, then add 475kg water, fully stir, and become mud, then mud is left standstill to 13 days, again mud is stirred repeatedly, until smooth, fine and smooth, mud is carried out to preliminary throwing, make just base of brick shape, then first brick shape base is moulded to brick output shape finished state and obtain adobe, moulding adobe is put into dry room-dry 50 hours, every 7 hours brushing one deck mud, then with pottery instrument at quarter engraving character or pattern in adobe, obtain moulding soil Tao Shu and draw adobe, adobe after airing is made a fire and fire-cureed two days with faggot, then putting into kiln fires, first preheating below 80 ℃ 24 hours again, and then in 44 hours by kiln in temperature evenly rise to 600 ℃ from 80 ℃, in 18 hours, block gradually again venting hole, chimney, temperature in kiln is evenly risen to 925 ℃, then the hole of making a fire, hope pinkeye and slag-drip opening all block, seal kiln, then cease fire, and keep 60 hours, and then open gradually kiln, in 115 hours, open gradually venting hole, wicket, chimney, make to be cooled to 120 ℃, then be naturally down to normal temperature, when cooling, on kiln, discharge water, make moisture penetration arrive kiln inside, finally cooling 3.5 days at normal temperatures, obtain native Tao Shu and draw brick product, then native Tao Shu is drawn to brick product kiln discharge, packing warehouse-in.
Embodiment 3.
Choose the clay below the 10cm of earth's surface, through checking this clay containing SiO 270%, Al 2o 312%, Fe 2o 3+ FeO10%, another standby cotton-wool, salt, earth is dried, wear into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get clay mud powder, cotton-wool is cut up with a hay cutter into the broken staple that length is less than 1cm, salt is worn into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get salt powder, get clay mud powder 1000kg, salt powder 30kg, broken staple 2kg fully mixes, and then adds the water of 50kg, fully stirs, and becomes mud, then mud is left standstill to 15 days, again mud is stirred repeatedly, until smooth, fine and smooth, mud is carried out to preliminary throwing, make just base of brick shape, then first brick shape base is moulded to brick output shape finished state and obtain adobe, by moulding adobe airing 30 hours, every 4 hours brushing one deck mud, then with pottery instrument at quarter engraving character or pattern in adobe, obtain moulding soil Tao Shu and draw adobe, adobe after airing is made a fire and fire-cureed two days with faggot, then putting into kiln fires, first preheating below 80 ℃ 24 hours again, and then in 48 hours, temperature in kiln is evenly risen to 600 ℃ from 80 ℃, in 24 hours, block gradually again venting hole, chimney, temperature in kiln is evenly risen to 950 ℃, then the hole of making a fire, hope pinkeye and slag-drip opening all block, seal kiln, then cease fire, and keep 72 hours, and then open gradually kiln, in 120 hours, open gradually venting hole, wicket, chimney, make to be cooled to 120 ℃, then be naturally down to normal temperature, when cooling, on kiln, discharge water, make moisture penetration arrive kiln inside, finally cooling 4 days at normal temperatures, obtain native Tao Shu and draw brick product, then native Tao Shu is drawn to brick product kiln discharge, packing warehouse-in.

Claims (1)

1. native Tao Shu is drawn a making method for brick, comprises and selects materials, abrasive dust, mud processed, leaves standstill, pugging, throwing, base, airing, carves, fire-cures, fires and kiln discharge, it is characterized in that concrete grammar is as follows:
(1) select materials: choose the clay below the 10cm of earth's surface, this clay is containing SiO 250%-70%, Al 2o 310%-12%, 5-10%Fe 2o 3+ FeO; Another standby cotton-wool, salt;
(2) abrasive dust: earth is dried, wear into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get clay mud powder; Cotton-wool is cut up with a hay cutter into the broken staple that length is less than 1cm, salt is worn into the fine powder that particle diameter is less than 0.1mm, sieve and get salt powder;
(3) mud processed: clay mud powder, salt powder and broken staple are fully mixed according to the ratio of 100:2-3:1-2, then add the water of mud powder gross weight 45%-50%, fully stir, and become mud;
(4) leave standstill: mud is left standstill to 12-15 days;
(5) pugging: mud is stirred repeatedly, until smooth, fine and smooth;
(6) throwing: mud is carried out to preliminary throwing, make just base of brick shape;
(7) base: first brick shape base is moulded to brick output shape finished state and obtain adobe;
(8) airing: by moulding adobe airing 20-30 hour, overcast and rainy dry room-dry 40-60 hour, every 3-4 hour brushing one deck mud when airing, every 6-8 hour brushing one deck mud when room-dry put into;
(9) engraving: with pottery instrument at quarter engraving character or pattern in adobe, obtain moulding soil Tao Shu and draw adobe;
(10) fire-cure: moulding soil Tao Shu picture adobe faggot is made a fire and fire-cures two days;
(11) fire: the adobe after fire-cureing is put into kiln and fire, first preheating 24 hours below 80 ℃, then in 40-48 hour by kiln in temperature evenly rise to 600 ℃ from 80 ℃, in 12-24 hour, block gradually again venting hole, chimney, temperature in kiln is evenly risen to 900 ℃-950 ℃, then the hole of making a fire, hope pinkeye and slag-drip opening all block, seal kiln, then cease fire, and keep 48-72 hour, and then open gradually kiln, in 110-120 hour, open gradually venting hole, wicket, chimney, make to be cooled to 120 ℃, then be naturally down to normal temperature, when cooling, on kiln, discharge water, make moisture penetration arrive kiln inside,
(12) kiln discharge: then cooling 3-4 days at normal temperatures, obtain native Tao Shu and draw brick finished product, then native Tao Shu is drawn to brick product kiln discharge, packing warehouse-in.
CN201210329149.5A 2012-09-07 2012-09-07 Method for making soil ceramic painting and calligraphy brick Expired - Fee Related CN102838344B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104926274A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-09-23 秦始皇帝陵博物院 Standard normalized manufacturing method of imitate terracotta figure pottery piece sample
CN104860642B (en) * 2015-04-29 2016-09-28 腾冲腾三石旅游产品开发有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the roasting tool of brewing tea of soil pottery

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101215148A (en) * 2008-01-03 2008-07-09 刘德军 Method for preparing celadon pottery vessel
CN101343171A (en) * 2008-08-07 2009-01-14 刘兴印 Preparation method for basalt ware
CN101362645A (en) * 2008-08-20 2009-02-11 刘兴印 Method for preparing yan-huang ceramic
CN101982440A (en) * 2010-11-09 2011-03-02 李方海 Preparation method of oil ceramic
CN102515698A (en) * 2011-12-19 2012-06-27 绥棱现代黑陶文化艺术有限公司 Preparation method of variable light black pottery

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101215148A (en) * 2008-01-03 2008-07-09 刘德军 Method for preparing celadon pottery vessel
CN101343171A (en) * 2008-08-07 2009-01-14 刘兴印 Preparation method for basalt ware
CN101362645A (en) * 2008-08-20 2009-02-11 刘兴印 Method for preparing yan-huang ceramic
CN101982440A (en) * 2010-11-09 2011-03-02 李方海 Preparation method of oil ceramic
CN102515698A (en) * 2011-12-19 2012-06-27 绥棱现代黑陶文化艺术有限公司 Preparation method of variable light black pottery

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