CN102828697B - Telescopic overall hoisting derrick device and hoisting method thereof - Google Patents

Telescopic overall hoisting derrick device and hoisting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102828697B
CN102828697B CN201210345803.1A CN201210345803A CN102828697B CN 102828697 B CN102828697 B CN 102828697B CN 201210345803 A CN201210345803 A CN 201210345803A CN 102828697 B CN102828697 B CN 102828697B
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China
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derrick
described
body
hypomere
derrick body
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CN201210345803.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102828697A (en
Inventor
郭厚林
鲍勃·唐纳利
岳鹏
李纪麟
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国民油井华高石油设备(上海)有限公司
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Priority to CN201210345803.1A priority Critical patent/CN102828697B/en
Publication of CN102828697A publication Critical patent/CN102828697A/en
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Publication of CN102828697B publication Critical patent/CN102828697B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a telescopic overall hoisting derrick device and a hoisting method thereof. The derrick body is divided into a derrick body upper section and a derrick body lower section, wherein the derrick body upper section is arranged in the derrick body lower section; a roller device is arranged between the derrick body upper section and the derrick body lower section; when the derrick body upper section completely retracts in the lower section and is positioned at a horizontal position, the overall gravity center of the derrick device is positioned at a central position of a derrick supporting table; a telescopic derrick driving device is arranged between the derrick body upper section and the derrick body lower section; and a derrick hoisting hydraulic cylinder is arranged on the derrick supporting table and drives the derrick body lower section to change from a horizontal state to a vertical state. The hoisting method comprises a mounting method, a detaching method and a hoisting method, wherein the mounting method is a sectioned hoisting mounting method. The derrick device is unique and ingenious in design, overall in hoisting, time-saving and labor-saving, and great detachment is not required, so that the using cost and the maintenance cost are greatly saved, and the using and mounting efficiency and the safety are improved.

Description

A kind of method of telescopic body lifting type headframe device and lifting thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of oil well rig and equipment hoisting method, relate in particular to a kind of headframe device and hanging method thereof.

Background technology

At present, the derrick moving of fixed offshore oil drilling platform, main adopt derrick and equipment are taken apart on platform after, handling subsection is transported to behind destination to barge, then segmentation is by being lifted on platform above barge.In hoisting process, the easy damaged in collision of parts, some parts and equipment, such as top drive guide rail etc., need to be from new debugging, both time-consuming, effort, ressembled and can bring multiple potential safety hazard.We are badly in need of a kind of Integral lifting, without a large amount of repetition dismounting, save time, laborsaving, efficiently, can adapt to the derrick of offshore oil drilling platform.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is headframe device and the hanging method thereof that the offshore oil drilling platform of a kind of energy integral hoisting will be provided, energy integral lifting, and without a large amount of dismounting, installation hoists quick and convenient.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:

A kind of telescopic body lifting type headframe device, comprise the derrick brace table that is removably fixedly connected with offshore boring island, be arranged at derrick body, tube drawbench platform, quadruple board platform, casing platform, overhead traveling crane and thribble service platform on brace table, main winch is removably fixedly mounted on described derrick brace table bottom; Described derrick body is divided into derrick body epimere and derrick body hypomere; Lower end one side of described derrick body hypomere and upper end one side of derrick brace table is hinged with pin, opposite side is the derrick foreleg stretching out downwards, the derrick foreleg lower end described in when described derrick body hypomere is upright is supported and is removably fixedly connected with by pin with the derrick foreleg that is fixedly installed on offshore boring island; Four angles of described derrick brace table upper end are respectively arranged with integral lifting otic placode;

Described overhead traveling crane is fixedly installed on described derrick body epimere top, and described derrick body epimere is arranged in described derrick body hypomere, and described derrick body epimere is fixedly installed tube drawbench platform, quadruple board platform and casing platform in derrick foreleg one side; The described derrick body hypomere main body side of being U-shaped frame-like, its derrick foreleg one side is opening direction, moves up and down so that be arranged on tube drawbench platform, quadruple board platform and the casing platform of derrick body epimere; Between described derrick body epimere and derrick body hypomere, be provided with roller devices, to realize the slip of derrick body epimere in hypomere and spacing; Described derrick body epimere and hypomere coupling is provided with the described derrick body epimere of restriction and excessively slips into or skid off the positive stop device of described derrick body hypomere; Described derrick body is provided with to lift stretches retaining mechanism, in the time that described derrick body epimere stretches out described derrick body hypomere in most significant end, is lifted and is stretched retaining mechanism described derrick body epimere and the spacing fixing and locking of hypomere are unlikely to landing by this;

When described derrick body epimere is retracted in derrick body hypomere and when derrick body is horizontal, the center of gravity of described headframe device entirety is positioned at the middle position of described derrick brace table completely, so that the lifting of headframe device whole machine balancing;

Between described derrick body epimere and derrick body hypomere, be provided with derrick retractable driving device, described derrick retractable driving device is the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of a derrick, comprise winch main body, train and twisted rope, described winch main body is fixedly installed on described derrick body hypomere; Described train comprises the running block that is fixedly installed on the fixed pulley group of described derrick body hypomere upper end and is in transmission connection with described derrick body epimere lower end; Described twisted rope is alternately fixedly installed on the upper end of described derrick body hypomere through end after fixed pulley and movable pulley;

Be provided with the derrick lifting fluid cylinder of two energy jack-up derrick bodies at the described derrick brace table upper end far-end relative with derrick body, described derrick lifting fluid cylinder comprises cylinder body and piston rod, described cylinder body lower end and derrick brace table upper end are coupling, and the movable end of described piston rod is removably coupling by pin with the outside of two forelegs of described derrick body hypomere respectively; In the time that derrick lifting liquid cylinder piston bar stretches out completely from being fully retracted to, described derrick body hypomere goes to erectility from level;

Described headframe device is also provided with a console, and described derrick lifting fluid cylinder, flexible hydraulic wireline winch and lift and stretch retaining mechanism and is connected with console respectively, by console control raising cylinder, hydraulic wireline winch and lift the operation of stretching retaining mechanism stretches.

Described lifting stretched retaining mechanism and comprised that coupling is arranged at the flashboard fixing hole of described derrick body epimere and hypomere, mates flashboard and the flashboard telescopic oil cylinder of setting with described flashboard fixing hole, in the time that described derrick body epimere stretches out described derrick body hypomere in most significant end, described derrick body epimere with in hypomere respectively arrange flashboard fixing hole just in time mate relative, by inserting described flashboard by described derrick body epimere and the spacing fixing and locking of hypomere in described flashboard fixing hole; Described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder coupling is fixedly installed on described derrick body hypomere, described flashboard is in transmission connection with described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, by flashboard telescopic oil cylinder drive flashboard into and out of flashboard fixing hole complete derrick body epimere and hypomere the highest lift stretch the locking of position spacing with separate; Described console is connected with described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, by the operation of described console control flashboard telescopic oil cylinder.

Described running block can be arranged on the pulley spindle of a moving pulley bracket, and the lower end of described moving pulley bracket and derrick body epimere is hinged.

The present invention provides a kind of hanging method of above-mentioned telescopic body lifting type headframe device simultaneously, and described hanging method comprises installation, method for dismounting and hoisting method,

Described mounting method adopts segmentation lifting mounting method, that is:

Step 1: described derrick body epimere collapsed into described derrick body hypomere completely and be lifted on offshore boring island in the telescopic body lifting type headframe device of rotation falling state, derrick brace table and offshore boring island being fixed with pin;

Step 2, operate described derrick lifting fluid cylinder derrick body tilted to be lifted to an extreme angles,

Step 3, operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of described derrick derrick body epimere is upwards lifted and stretched coverage in hypomere;

Step 4, repetition above-mentioned steps two and three, until derrick body is lifted to after upright angle, fixing derrick foreleg, the piston rod of the described derrick lifting fluid cylinder of operation retraction is to cylinder body;

Step 5, again operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of described derrick, derrick body epimere is upwards lifted and reached most significant end, then described in operation, lift and stretch retaining mechanism, described derrick body epimere and hypomere are stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting;

Described method for dismounting, its operating process is contrary with above-mentioned installation steps;

Described hoisting method is, when described derrick body epimere collapses into described derrick body hypomere and completely in rotation when falling state, the integral lifting otic placode of boom hoisting by being arranged at Si Ge angle, derrick brace table upper end is by the headframe device balancing lifting of described contraction state; Wherein, described main winch can lift together with derrick brace table, as overweight in integral hoisting type headframe device, also main winch can be separated with derrick brace table, separately lifting.

Further, described mounting method is:

Step 1: described derrick body epimere collapsed into described derrick body hypomere completely and be lifted on offshore boring island in the telescopic body lifting type headframe device of rotation falling state, derrick brace table and offshore boring island being fixed with pin;

Step 2: operate described derrick lifting fluid cylinder, rotate up derrick body to derrick body bottom and approach the Edge-stopping of the thribble service platform on rig floor platform;

Step 3: the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of operation derrick stops extending after derrick body epimere flushes with derrick body hypomere bottom to described derrick body epimere bottom;

Step 4: operate derrick lifting fluid cylinder, rotation derrick body stops in the time that derrick body bottom and offshore boring island leave safe distance again;

Step 5: again operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch elongation of derrick derrick body epimere and stop in the time that the bottom of derrick body epimere arrives derrick brace table top;

Step 6: again operate derrick lifting fluid cylinder, rotation derrick body to derrick foreleg and described derrick foreleg stops when supporting and matching, now described derrick body, in stand up position, is supported derrick foreleg lower end to be fixedly connected with the derrick foreleg that is fixedly installed on offshore boring island by pin; The piston rod of the described derrick lifting fluid cylinder of operation retraction is to cylinder body;

Step 7: again operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of derrick, derrick body epimere is increased to extreme higher position, then lift described in operation and stretch retaining mechanism, described derrick body epimere and hypomere are stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting.

Described lifting stretched retaining mechanism and can be comprised that coupling is arranged at the flashboard fixing hole of described derrick body epimere and hypomere, mates flashboard and the flashboard telescopic oil cylinder of setting with described flashboard fixing hole, described console is connected with described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, by the operation of described console control flashboard telescopic oil cylinder; In the step of described mounting method, again operating the step that the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of derrick is increased to derrick body epimere behind extreme higher position is: operate described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, described flashboard is inserted to the flashboard fixing hole that described derrick body epimere and hypomere coupling arranges, described derrick body epimere and hypomere are stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting.

Headframe device design of the present invention is unique ingenious, can complete the integral hoisting method that invention provides simultaneously, in whole rig movement process, without large dismounting, can not produce a large amount of dismounting engineering quantitys and unexpected engineering loss, integral lifting, time saving and energy saving, installation hoists quick and convenient, and can ensure to a great extent the safety of equipment in follow-up use as long as Installation and Debugging are first safe and reliable, thereby save widely use cost and maintenance cost, improve use, installation effectiveness and safety.

Brief description of the drawings

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.

Fig. 1 is one of structural representation of telescopic body lifting type headframe device of the present invention;

Fig. 2 be telescopic body lifting type headframe device of the present invention structural representation two;

Fig. 3 is one of lifting schematic diagram of telescopic body lifting type headframe device of the present invention;

Fig. 4 be telescopic body lifting type headframe device of the present invention lifting schematic diagram two;

Fig. 5 is telescopic body lifting type headframe device mounting method step 1 schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is telescopic body lifting type headframe device mounting method step 2 schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is telescopic body lifting type headframe device mounting method step 3 schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is telescopic body lifting type headframe device mounting method step 4 schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is telescopic body lifting type headframe device mounting method step 5 schematic diagram of the present invention;

Figure 10 is telescopic body lifting type headframe device mounting method step 6 schematic diagram of the present invention;

Figure 11 is telescopic body lifting type headframe device mounting method step 7 schematic diagram of the present invention;

In figure:

1, overhead traveling crane 2, derrick body epimere 3, derrick body hypomere 4, lift and stretch retaining mechanism

5, the flexible hydraulic wireline winch 6 of derrick, derrick lifting fluid cylinder 7, derrick brace table

8, tube drawbench platform 9, quadruple board platform 10, casing platform 12, tourist bus

13, top drive 14, main winch 15, dead line anchor 16, conductor rope machine

17, tube drawbench 18, integral lifting otic placode 19, tube drawbench platform 20, suspension hook

21, shackle 22, thribble service platform 23, derrick foreleg support.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1, Fig. 2 show a kind of telescopic body lifting type headframe device, comprise the derrick brace table 7 that is removably fixedly connected with offshore boring island, be arranged at derrick body, tube drawbench platform 8, quadruple board platform 9, casing platform 10, overhead traveling crane 1 and thribble service platform 22 on brace table 7, described main winch 14 is removably fixedly mounted on described derrick brace table 7 bottoms, hinged with girder between main winch base and derrick brace table 7.Main winch 14 can lift together with derrick, as overweight in crane, also main strand 14 can be separated with derrick brace table 7, separately lifting.Described derrick body is divided into derrick body epimere 2 and derrick body hypomere 3; Lower end one side of described derrick body hypomere 3 and upper end one side of derrick brace table 7 is hinged with pin, opposite side is the derrick foreleg stretching out downwards, the derrick foreleg lower end described in when described derrick body hypomere 3 is upright is supported 23 with the derrick foreleg that is fixedly installed on offshore boring island and is removably fixedly connected with by pin; Four angles of described derrick brace table 7 upper ends are respectively arranged with integral lifting otic placode 18;

Described overhead traveling crane 1 is fixedly installed on described derrick body epimere 2 tops, described derrick body epimere 2 is arranged in described derrick body hypomere 3, and described derrick body epimere 2 is fixedly installed tube drawbench platform 8, quadruple board platform 9 and casing platform 10 in derrick foreleg one side; The described derrick body hypomere 3 main body side of being U-shaped frame-like, its derrick foreleg one side is opening direction, moves up and down so that be arranged on tube drawbench platform 8, quadruple board platform 9 and the casing platform 10 of derrick body epimere 2; Between described derrick body epimere 2 and derrick body hypomere 3, be provided with roller devices, to realize the slip of derrick body epimere 2 in hypomere 3 and spacing; Described derrick body epimere 2 and hypomere 3 couplings are provided with the described derrick body epimere 2 of restriction and excessively slip into or skid off the positive stop device of derrick body hypomere described in 3; Described derrick body is provided with to lift stretches retaining mechanism 4, this lift stretch retaining mechanism 4 comprise coupling be arranged at the flashboard fixing hole of described derrick body epimere 2 and hypomere 3, mate with described flashboard fixing hole setting flashboard and flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, in the time that described derrick body epimere 2 stretches out described derrick body hypomere 3 in most significant end, the interior flashboard fixing hole arranging respectively of described derrick body epimere 2 and hypomere 3 just in time mates relative, by inserting described flashboard by described derrick body epimere 2 and the spacing fixing and locking of hypomere 3 in described flashboard fixing hole; Described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder coupling is fixedly installed on described derrick body hypomere 3, described flashboard is in transmission connection with described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, by flashboard telescopic oil cylinder drive flashboard into and out of flashboard fixing hole complete derrick body epimere 2 and hypomere 3 the highest lift stretch the locking of position spacing with separate;

When described derrick body epimere 2 is retracted in derrick body hypomere 3 and when derrick body is horizontal, the center of gravity of described headframe device entirety is positioned at the middle position of described derrick brace table completely, so that the lifting of headframe device whole machine balancing;

Between described derrick body epimere 2 and derrick body hypomere 3, be provided with derrick retractable driving device, described derrick retractable driving device is the flexible hydraulic wireline winch 5 of a derrick, comprise winch main body, train and twisted rope, described winch main body is fixedly installed on described derrick body hypomere 3; Described train comprises the running block that is fixedly installed on the fixed pulley group of described derrick body hypomere 3 upper ends and is in transmission connection with described derrick body epimere 2 lower ends; Described twisted rope is alternately fixedly installed on the upper end of described derrick body hypomere 3 through end after fixed pulley and movable pulley; Wherein said running block is arranged on the pulley spindle of a moving pulley bracket, the lower end hinged (this syndeton also can make other conventional connected mode certainly, as long as can ensure that described derrick body epimere 2 lower ends and described running block are in transmission connection) of described moving pulley bracket and derrick body epimere 3.

Be provided with the derrick lifting fluid cylinder 6 of two energy jack-up derrick bodies at the described derrick brace table 7 upper ends far-end relative with derrick body, described derrick lifting fluid cylinder 6 comprises cylinder body and piston rod, described cylinder body lower end and derrick brace table 7 upper ends are coupling, and the movable end of described piston rod is removably coupling by pin with the outside of two forelegs of described derrick body hypomere 3 respectively; In the time that derrick lifting liquid cylinder piston bar stretches out completely from being fully retracted to, described derrick body hypomere 3 goes to erectility from level;

Described headframe device is also provided with a console, and described derrick lifting fluid cylinder 6, flexible hydraulic wireline winch 5 are connected with console respectively with flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, by the operation of console control raising cylinder 6, flexible hydraulic wireline winch 5 and flashboard telescopic oil cylinder.

Above-mentionedly lift that to stretch retaining mechanism 4 can be also the retaining mechanism of other form of structure in prior art, as long as in the time that described derrick body epimere 2 stretches out described derrick body hypomere 3 in most significant end, lift and stretch retaining mechanism 4 and described derrick body epimere 2 and the spacing fixing and locking of hypomere 3 can be unlikely to landing by this, described console with described in lift and stretch retaining mechanism 4 and be connected, the operation of stretching retaining mechanism 4 by described console console.

Fig. 5 shows the hanging method of above-mentioned telescopic body lifting type headframe device to Figure 11, described hanging method comprises installation, method for dismounting and hoisting method, and described mounting method is:

Step 1: as Fig. 5, described derrick body epimere 2 collapsed into described derrick body hypomere 3 completely and be lifted on offshore boring island in the telescopic body lifting type headframe device of rotation falling state, derrick brace table 7 and offshore boring island being fixed with pin;

Step 2: as Fig. 6, operate described derrick lifting fluid cylinder 6, rotate up derrick body to derrick body bottom and approach the Edge-stopping of the thribble service platform 22 on rig floor platform;

Step 3: as Fig. 7, the flexible hydraulic wireline winch 5 of operation derrick stops extending after derrick body epimere 2 flushes with derrick body hypomere bottom to described derrick body epimere 3 bottoms;

Step 4: as Fig. 8, then operate derrick lifting fluid cylinder 6, rotation derrick body stops to the safe distance about 500mm is left in derrick body bottom with offshore boring island time;

Step 5: as Fig. 9, again operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch 5 of derrick and extend derrick body epimere 2 and stop in the time that the bottom of derrick body epimere 2 arrives derrick brace table 7 top;

Step 6: as Figure 10, again operate derrick lifting fluid cylinder 6, rotation derrick body to derrick foreleg and described derrick foreleg supports 23 to be stopped while matching, now described derrick body, in stand up position, supports 23 by derrick foreleg lower end with the derrick foreleg that is fixedly installed on offshore boring island by pin and is fixedly connected with; The piston rod of the described derrick lifting fluid cylinder 6 of operation retraction is to cylinder body;

Step 7: as Figure 11, again operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch 5 of derrick, derrick body epimere 2 is increased to extreme higher position, then lift described in operation and stretch retaining mechanism 4, described derrick body epimere and hypomere are stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting.

Described lifting stretched retaining mechanism 4 and comprised that coupling is arranged at the flashboard fixing hole of described derrick body epimere 2 and hypomere 3, mates flashboard and the flashboard telescopic oil cylinder of setting with described flashboard fixing hole, described console is connected with described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, by the operation of described console control flashboard telescopic oil cylinder; In the step of described mounting method, again operating the step that the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of derrick is increased to derrick body epimere behind extreme higher position is: operate described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, described flashboard is inserted to described derrick body epimere 2 and hypomere 3 mates the flashboard fixing hole of setting, described derrick body epimere 2 and hypomere 3 are stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting.Can certainly adopt other conventional retaining mechanism, as long as retaining mechanism is stretched in described the lifting of operation, described derrick body epimere 2 and hypomere 3 can be stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting.

Described method for dismounting, its operating process is contrary with above-mentioned installation steps;

Described hoisting method is, when described derrick body epimere 2 collapses into described derrick body hypomere 3 and completely in rotation when falling state, the integral lifting otic placode of boom hoisting by being arranged at derrick brace table 7 Si Ge angles, upper end is by the headframe device balancing lifting of described contraction state; Wherein, described main winch 14 can lift together with derrick brace table 7, as overweight in integral hoisting type headframe device, also main winch 14 can be separated with derrick brace table 7, separately lifting.

Above-mentioned mounting method can be made accommodation along with the difference of the parts of equipment, structure, the core of mounting method of the present invention is that derrick body epimere 2 and derrick body hypomere 3 are designed to contraction structure in split, when installation from horizontal contraction state to uprightly lifting the state of stretching, adopt segmented lifting mounting method, make large-scale, the heavy facility that this height is very high, by rationally cleverly segmentation contraction structure and segmentation lifting mounting method can safe and convenient ground lifting install, safely and conveniently dismounting lifting that simultaneously also can be reverse.So the mode of its segmentation lifting can be method described above, also can be according to different situations, in the time that tilting to be lifted to some extreme angles, described derrick body stops, again derrick body epimere 2 is upwards lifted in hypomere 3 after stretching coverage and repeated lifting and lift the action of stretching derrick body epimere 2, stretch locking until derrick body is erect and lifted.Its mounting method adopts segmentation lifting mounting method, can upperly be summarized as follows:

Step 1: described derrick body epimere 2 collapsed into described derrick body hypomere 3 completely and be lifted on offshore boring island in the telescopic body lifting type headframe device of rotation falling state, derrick brace table 7 and offshore boring island being fixed with pin;

Step 2, operate described derrick lifting fluid cylinder 6 derrick body tilted to be lifted to an extreme angles,

Step 3, operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch 5 of described derrick derrick body epimere 2 is upwards lifted and stretched coverage in hypomere 3;

Step 4, repetition above-mentioned steps two and three, until derrick body is lifted to after upright angle, fixing derrick foreleg, the piston rod of the described derrick lifting fluid cylinder 6 of operation retraction is to cylinder body;

Step 5, again operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch 5 of derrick, derrick body epimere 2 is increased to extreme higher position, then described in operation, lift and stretch retaining mechanism 4, described derrick body epimere and hypomere are stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting.

The above; be only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, any be familiar with those skilled in the art the present invention disclose technical scope in; can expect easily changing or replacing, within all should being encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should described be as the criterion with the protection domain of claim.

Claims (6)

1. a telescopic body lifting type headframe device, comprise the derrick brace table that is removably fixedly connected with offshore boring island, be arranged at derrick body, tube drawbench platform, quadruple board platform, casing platform, overhead traveling crane and thribble service platform on brace table, main winch is removably fixedly mounted on described derrick brace table bottom; It is characterized in that: described derrick body is divided into derrick body epimere and derrick body hypomere; Lower end one side of described derrick body hypomere and upper end one side of derrick brace table is hinged with pin, opposite side is the derrick foreleg stretching out downwards, the derrick foreleg lower end described in when described derrick body hypomere is upright is supported and is removably fixedly connected with by pin with the derrick foreleg that is fixedly installed on offshore boring island; Four angles of described derrick brace table upper end are respectively arranged with integral lifting otic placode;
Described overhead traveling crane is fixedly installed on described derrick body epimere top, and described derrick body epimere is arranged in described derrick body hypomere, and described derrick body epimere is fixedly installed tube drawbench platform, quadruple board platform and casing platform in derrick foreleg one side; The described derrick body hypomere main body side of being U-shaped frame-like, its derrick foreleg one side is opening direction, moves up and down so that be arranged on tube drawbench platform, quadruple board platform and the casing platform of derrick body epimere; Between described derrick body epimere and derrick body hypomere, be provided with roller devices, to realize the slip of derrick body epimere in hypomere and spacing; Described derrick body epimere and hypomere coupling is provided with the described derrick body epimere of restriction and excessively slips into or skid off the positive stop device of described derrick body hypomere; Described derrick body is provided with to lift stretches retaining mechanism, in the time that described derrick body epimere stretches out described derrick body hypomere in most significant end, is lifted and is stretched retaining mechanism described derrick body epimere and the spacing fixing and locking of hypomere are unlikely to landing by this;
When described derrick body epimere is retracted in derrick body hypomere and when derrick body is horizontal, the center of gravity of described headframe device entirety is positioned at the middle position of described derrick brace table completely, so that the lifting of headframe device whole machine balancing;
Between described derrick body epimere and derrick body hypomere, be provided with derrick retractable driving device, described derrick retractable driving device is the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of a derrick, comprise winch main body, train and twisted rope, described winch main body is fixedly installed on described derrick body hypomere; Described train comprises the running block that is fixedly installed on the fixed pulley group of described derrick body hypomere upper end and is in transmission connection with described derrick body epimere lower end; Described twisted rope is alternately fixedly installed on the upper end of described derrick body hypomere through end after fixed pulley and movable pulley;
Be provided with the derrick lifting fluid cylinder of two energy jack-up derrick bodies at the described derrick brace table upper end far-end relative with derrick body, described derrick lifting fluid cylinder comprises cylinder body and piston rod, described cylinder body lower end and derrick brace table upper end are coupling, and the movable end of described piston rod is removably coupling by pin with the outside of two forelegs of described derrick body hypomere respectively; In the time that derrick lifting liquid cylinder piston bar stretches out completely from being fully retracted to, described derrick body hypomere goes to erectility from level;
Described headframe device is also provided with a console, and described derrick lifting fluid cylinder, flexible hydraulic wireline winch and lift and stretch retaining mechanism and is connected with console respectively, by raising cylinder described in console control, hydraulic wireline winch and lift the operation of stretching retaining mechanism stretches.
2. telescopic body lifting type headframe device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lifting stretched retaining mechanism and comprised that coupling is arranged at the flashboard fixing hole of described derrick body epimere and hypomere, mate the flashboard and the flashboard telescopic oil cylinder that arrange with described flashboard fixing hole, in the time that described derrick body epimere stretches out described derrick body hypomere in most significant end, described derrick body epimere just in time mates relative with the flashboard fixing hole arranging respectively in hypomere, by inserting described flashboard by described derrick body epimere and the spacing fixing and locking of hypomere in described flashboard fixing hole, described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder coupling is fixedly installed on described derrick body hypomere, described flashboard is in transmission connection with described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, by flashboard telescopic oil cylinder drive flashboard into and out of flashboard fixing hole complete derrick body epimere and hypomere the highest lift stretch the locking of position spacing with separate, described console is connected with described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, by the operation of described console control flashboard telescopic oil cylinder.
3. telescopic body lifting type headframe device according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described running block is arranged on the pulley spindle of a moving pulley bracket, and the lower end of described moving pulley bracket and derrick body epimere is hinged.
4. the hanging method of telescopic body lifting type headframe device claimed in claim 1: it is characterized in that: described hanging method comprises installation, method for dismounting and a hoisting method,
Described mounting method adopts segmentation lifting mounting method, that is:
Step 1: described derrick body epimere collapsed into described derrick body hypomere completely and be lifted on offshore boring island in the telescopic body lifting type headframe device of rotation falling state, derrick brace table and offshore boring island being fixed with pin;
Step 2, operate described derrick lifting fluid cylinder derrick body tilted to be lifted to an extreme angles,
Step 3, operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of described derrick derrick body epimere is upwards lifted and stretched coverage in hypomere;
Step 4, repetition above-mentioned steps two and three, until derrick body is lifted to after upright angle, fixing derrick foreleg, the piston rod of the described derrick lifting fluid cylinder of operation retraction is to cylinder body;
Step 5, again operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of described derrick, derrick body epimere is upwards lifted and reached most significant end, then described in operation, lift and stretch retaining mechanism, described derrick body epimere and hypomere are stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting;
Described method for dismounting, its operating process is contrary with above-mentioned installation steps;
Described hoisting method is, when described derrick body epimere collapses into described derrick body hypomere and completely in rotation when falling state, the integral lifting otic placode of boom hoisting by being arranged at Si Ge angle, derrick brace table upper end is by the headframe device balancing lifting of described contraction state; Wherein, described main winch can lift together with derrick brace table, as overweight in integral hoisting type headframe device, also main winch can be separated with derrick brace table, separately lifting.
5. hanging method according to claim 4, is characterized in that described mounting method is:
Step 1: described derrick body epimere collapsed into described derrick body hypomere completely and be lifted on offshore boring island in the telescopic body lifting type headframe device of rotation falling state, derrick brace table and offshore boring island being fixed with pin;
Step 2: operate described derrick lifting fluid cylinder, rotate up derrick body to derrick body bottom and approach the Edge-stopping of the thribble service platform on rig floor platform;
Step 3: the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of operation derrick stops extending after derrick body epimere flushes with derrick body hypomere bottom to described derrick body epimere bottom;
Step 4: operate derrick lifting fluid cylinder, rotation derrick body stops in the time that derrick body bottom and offshore boring island leave safe distance again;
Step 5: again operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch elongation of derrick derrick body epimere and stop in the time that the bottom of derrick body epimere arrives derrick brace table top;
Step 6: again operate derrick lifting fluid cylinder, rotation derrick body to derrick foreleg and described derrick foreleg stops when supporting and matching, now described derrick body, in stand up position, is supported derrick foreleg lower end to be fixedly connected with the derrick foreleg that is fixedly installed on offshore boring island by pin; The piston rod of the described derrick lifting fluid cylinder of operation retraction is to cylinder body;
Step 7: again operate the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of derrick, derrick body epimere is increased to extreme higher position, then lift described in operation and stretch retaining mechanism, described derrick body epimere and hypomere are stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting.
6. according to the hanging method described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterized in that: described lifting stretched retaining mechanism and comprised that coupling is arranged at the flashboard fixing hole of described derrick body epimere and hypomere, mates the flashboard and the flashboard telescopic oil cylinder that arrange with described flashboard fixing hole, described console is connected with described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, by the operation of described console control flashboard telescopic oil cylinder; In the step of described mounting method, again operating the step that the flexible hydraulic wireline winch of derrick is increased to derrick body epimere behind extreme higher position is: operate described flashboard telescopic oil cylinder, described flashboard is inserted to the flashboard fixing hole that described derrick body epimere and hypomere coupling arranges, described derrick body epimere and hypomere are stretched to position and are locked the highest lifting.
CN201210345803.1A 2012-09-18 2012-09-18 Telescopic overall hoisting derrick device and hoisting method thereof CN102828697B (en)

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