CN102824002A - Intelligent crutch applied to the aged - Google Patents

Intelligent crutch applied to the aged Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102824002A
CN102824002A CN2012103196433A CN201210319643A CN102824002A CN 102824002 A CN102824002 A CN 102824002A CN 2012103196433 A CN2012103196433 A CN 2012103196433A CN 201210319643 A CN201210319643 A CN 201210319643A CN 102824002 A CN102824002 A CN 102824002A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
unit
gsm
central processing
intelligent crutch
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012103196433A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄伟英
黄君凯
阮汉靖
郑东
廖春和
刘丞龙
Original Assignee
暨南大学
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 暨南大学 filed Critical 暨南大学
Priority to CN2012103196433A priority Critical patent/CN102824002A/en
Publication of CN102824002A publication Critical patent/CN102824002A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent crutch applied to the aged. The intelligent crutch comprises a battery, a crutch body and a control system. The control system is arranged in the crutch body, and comprises a central processing module and a falling alarming module. The falling alarming module is electrically connected with the central processing module, and comprises a voice unit, a detection unit and a global system for mobile communication (GSM) unit, which are connected. The voice unit is provided with a microphone and a loudspeaker, which are connected with a voice chip. The GSM unit is provided with a communication card which communicates with a wireless communication network. After the detection unit detects the falling of the crutch body, the central processing module controls the GSM unit to dial a preset number. The voice unit receives, processes and transmits voices between the microphone and the loudspeaker. The intelligent crutch has the advantages of capability of automatically dialing the number and transmitting a short message, high practicability, convenience in use, and the like.

Description

A kind of intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent crutch technology, particularly a kind of intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly.

Background technology

The intelligent crutch product that at present suitable the elderly uses is fewer, and function singleness, and is more inadequate on this function of warning of falling.China Mobile releases the business of " safety is logical " recently, but because troublesome poeration, it is somewhat expensive to charge; The problem that has each side simultaneously (for example: trouble is installed; Data is filled in complicacy, and part customer station set authority is limited, quality problems) and can not be used widely.Simultaneously also have some intelligent crutch products on the market, comprise handle and cane body like " the intelligent crutch that can survey people and barrier ", described handle is provided with control device and warning device, and said cane body is provided with sniffer and power supply; Said warning device electrically connects through control device and sniffer, and power supply is given warning device, control device and sniffer power supply respectively.Sniffer is used for people and barrier are surveyed; The feedback information that warning device is used for detection is arrived is given the user; The detectable signal that control device receives sniffer also is transferred to warning device, and these innovation and creation not only have the function of general crutch, can also to around people and barrier survey, and inform to lean on through voice broadcast and vibration prompt and turn the people.When voice broadcast, can point out objects in front is people or other barrier.Though this product has played the barrier prompting function, this series products prompting function is single, does not have functions such as reporting voice reminder, the warning of falling, poor practicability.Also there are some crutch such as warning of falling on the market; But its type of alarm is sounding the alarm of not stopping mostly; Have the led lamp to glimmer when reporting to the police simultaneously, such type of alarm is the old man that the people's discovery in time around the ability is fallen, if the old man is the situation of walking alone; Such type of alarm just can't play a role, poor practicability.For another example, the patent No. is the patent of ZL201120153893.5, is manually to seek help after the old man falls and report to the police; And need manually touch the button and just can dial corresponding telephone, if the old man has one's fingers all thumbs, then be difficult to realize old man's warning of falling; And, have that mistake causes false alarm by alarm keys when normal walking is not fallen down for the old man who has one's fingers all thumbs; If particularly the old man falls and is in the stupor situation after perhaps falling in the back, can't realize the warning of falling at all.This shows that mainly there is following defective in prior art:

(1) intelligent degree is poor, needs manually to report to the police.

(2) function singleness, poor practicability.

(3) rate of false alarm is high, and the old man walks alone and can not get relatives' help when falling down accidentally.

Summary of the invention

The shortcoming that the objective of the invention is to overcome prior art provides a kind of the elderly's of being applicable to intelligent crutch with not enough, has automatic dialing, and is easy to use, etc. advantage.

The object of the invention is realized through following technical proposals: a kind of intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly; Comprise battery, stick body and control system; Said battery and control system are built in stick body, and said control system comprises central processing module and fall alarm module, and said alarm module and the central processing module of falling is electrically connected; The said alarm module of falling comprises interconnective voice unit, detecting unit and GSM unit; Said voice unit has microphone and the loudspeaker that all is connected with speech chip, and said GSM unit has address card, and said address card and cordless communication network communicate; After said detection is fallen to stick body; Said central processing module control GSM dials predefined number in the unit, and said voice unit receives, handles and transmit the voice between microphone and the loudspeaker, realizes carrying out both sides' conversation.

Also comprise the GPS module that is electrically connected with central processing module, confirm the position that the old man belongs to, when said GSM dialed the unit predefined number, the GSM unit was sent to predefined number to the form of the position at old man place through note.

Said GSM dials the unit predefined number and after stick body was fallen two minutes, carries out, and the said alarm module of falling has buzzer, when crutch is fallen or during by traverse; Buzzer can send the sound that buzzing is reported to the police; Cause other people's attention, obtain other people's help when the old man is fallen and effectively prevent false alarm that said address card is a SIM; Said GSM unit has COBBAIF; This COBBAIF can make voice signal pass through the output of connected loudspeaker or earphone, and spend two minutes and redispatch note or call, also be a measure that effectively prevents the mistake dialing alarm.

Said detecting unit adopts acceleration transducer, and mercoid switch or vibration switch, said vibration switch adopt the two unidirectional trigger switches of pearl of SW-200D ball-type, and said GSM unit adopts GSM-SIM300 or GSM-TC35.It is the acceleration transducer of adx1345 that said detecting unit adopts the acceleration transducer model, surveys the variation that crutch falls, clashes into brief acceleration, realizes falling detection.

Said central processing module can adopt the AT89C52 single-chip microcomputer, also can adopt 8031 program storage block.

Also comprise clock module, radio reception module and lighting module; Said clock module has display unit, timer and alarm clock; Said radio reception module has the radio reception unit, and said lighting module has the LED lamp, and clock module and voice module can be realized prompting, recording and timing play function; Timing is reminded the old man to take medicine or is reminded the thing of other memorandum of old man, and lighting module can make things convenient for the old man when light is bad, to walk.

Also comprise the obstacle detection alarm module; Said obstacle detection alarm module has the ultrasonic ranging device; Said obstacle detection alarm module and central processing module are electrically connected; When the obstacle detection module detected barrier, buzzer sent the buzzing chimes of doom, can prevent that the old man from falling down because of kicking the place ahead barrier.

Also comprise body temperature and pulses measure module; Said body temperature and pulses measure module have temperature sensor and piezoelectric ceramic piece sensor; Said body temperature and pulses measure module and central processing module are electrically connected; When the old man falls down accidentally, occurs under other unexpected situations or the situation at other needs, measurement of bldy temperature and pulses measure module can be used as the body temperature of measuring the old man and the emergency set of pulse.

It is the voice unit of ISD4004 that said voice unit can adopt model; Can use special-purpose speech processing device and voice programming equipment to realize; Also can use general A/D device audio signal is sampled and to change; Be saved in then in the middle of the data memory addresses unit, the voice messaging with different address locations during playback makes up, through being reduced to simulated audio signal after the conversion of D/A device.

Said display unit can adopt Chinese liquid crystal display, also can adopt English liquid crystal display.

The present invention has following advantage and effect with respect to prior art:

(1) dials automatically and send SMS alarm; The present invention not only has the people of conventional type of alarm around letting can in time find old man's function, and can dial automatically predefined old man family members number and send to predefined old man's family members' number to the position at old man place with the form of note, let old man's family members know situation; After if the old man falls down; Family members can call for an ambulance, lets the old man obtain treatment as early as possible, so; Even the old man is walking outside alone, also can obtain household's help after falling down.

(2) rate of false alarm is low; Automatically dial relatives' phone and send note and after crutch was fallen two minutes, just carry out, can prevent that crutch from not being to fall but false alarm under the situation of falling when placing separately with the old man by traverse or crutch, thus the reduction rate of false alarm, and rate of false alarm is low.

(3) easy to use, practicality is high; Call and send note and all carry out automatically, do not need the old man manually by any key, very easy to use; Particularly for the old man who has one's fingers all thumbs, the back button of falling is inconvenient, the situation that possibly go into a coma after the old man who also has falls; At this moment; Possibly not remove button, so of the present inventionly need and not send the easy to use of note by the automatic dialing of any key, practicality is high.

(4) can realize functional diversities, recreational when increasing the old man and walking; The present invention can also realize that alarm clock calling is taken medicine or the thing of other memorandum, radio reception, explore the way and function such as illumination; Functional diversities; When being walked, the old man can answer radio reception; When walk in the bad place of light, do not need to play lamp or the like in addition, let the old man in walking, can not feel dull, increased recreational.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a whole hardware composition frame chart of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the hardware composition frame chart of voice unit.

Fig. 3 is dialing and a transmission note control flow chart after crutch is fallen.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiment of the present invention is not limited thereto.

Embodiment 1

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly comprises battery, stick body and control system; Said battery and control system are built in stick body; Said control system comprises central processing module and falls alarm module, and said alarm module and the central processing module of falling is electrically connected, and the said alarm module of falling comprises interconnective voice unit, detecting unit and GSM unit; As shown in Figure 2; Said voice unit has microphone and the loudspeaker that all is connected with speech chip, and said GSM unit has address card, and said address card and cordless communication network communicate; After said detection is fallen to stick body; Said central processing module control GSM dials predefined number in the unit, and said voice unit receives, handles and transmit the voice between microphone and the loudspeaker, realizes carrying out the conversation between old man and the old man family members.

Also comprise the GPS module that is electrically connected with central processing module, confirm the position that the old man belongs to, when said GSM dialed the unit predefined number, the GSM unit was sent to predefined number to the form of the position at old man place through note.

Said GSM dials the unit predefined number and after stick body was fallen two minutes, carries out, and the said alarm module of falling has buzzer, when crutch is fallen or during by traverse; Buzzer can send the sound that buzzing is reported to the police, and causes other people's attention, obtains other people's help when the old man is fallen and effectively prevents false alarm; Said address card is a SIM; Said GSM unit has COBBAIF, spends two minutes and redispatches note or call, and can effectively prevent the mistake dialing alarm.

Said GSM unit adopts GSM-SIM300, and it is the acceleration transducer switch realization fall detection of adx1345 that said detecting unit adopts model, surveys the variation that crutch falls, clashes into brief acceleration, realizes falling detection.

Said central processing module can adopt the AT89C52 single-chip microcomputer, also can adopt 8031 program storage block.

Also comprise clock module, radio reception module and lighting module; Said clock module has display unit, timer and alarm clock; Said radio reception module has the radio reception unit, and said lighting module has the LED lamp, and clock module and voice module can be realized prompting, recording and timing play function; Timing is reminded the old man to take medicine or is reminded the thing of other memorandum of old man, and lighting module can make things convenient for the old man when light is bad, to walk.

Also comprise the obstacle detection alarm module; Said obstacle detection alarm module has the ultrasonic ranging device; Said obstacle detection alarm module and central processing module are electrically connected; When the obstacle detection module detected barrier, buzzer sent the buzzing chimes of doom, can prevent that the old man from falling down because of kicking the place ahead barrier.

Also comprise body temperature and pulses measure module; Said body temperature and pulses measure module have temperature sensor and piezoelectric ceramic piece sensor; Said body temperature and pulses measure module and central processing module are electrically connected; When the old man falls down accidentally, occurs under other unexpected situations or the situation at other needs, measurement of bldy temperature and pulses measure module can be used as the body temperature of measuring the old man and the emergency set of pulse.

It is the voice unit of ISD4004 that said voice unit can adopt model.

Said display unit can adopt Chinese liquid crystal display.

As shown in Figure 3, after the old man fell, confirmed the signal of falling and handle by central processing module to crutch for detection; Call the dialing instruction, send AT by serial ports and instruct to the GSM unit, the GSM unit receives the instruction back and dials predetermined number and send note to predefined number through SIM; Behind the closing of the circuit; The GSM unit receives and sends audio signal, and sends signal to the voice unit processing, and voice unit (comprising speech chip, microphone, loudspeaker) will be crossed the loudspeaker broadcast after will receiving audio signal decoding; Send the GSM unit to after the acoustic coded that simultaneously microphone is received, realize the conversation between old man and the old man family members.

Embodiment 2

Present embodiment is except that following content, with embodiment 1:

Said detecting unit adopts mercoid switch to realize fall detection; Said GSM unit adopts GSM-TC3; Said central processing module adopts 8031 program storage block, and voice unit uses special-purpose speech processing device and voice programming equipment to realize that said display unit adopts English liquid crystal display.

Embodiment 3

Present embodiment is except that following content, with embodiment 1:

Said detecting unit adopts vibration switch; Said vibration switch adopts the two unidirectional trigger switches of pearl of SW-200D ball-type; Said central processing module can adopt the AT89C52 single-chip microcomputer, and said voice unit uses general A/D device audio signal is sampled and to change, and is saved in then in the middle of the data memory addresses unit; Voice messaging with different address locations during playback makes up, through being reduced to simulated audio signal after the conversion of D/A device.

The foregoing description is a preferred implementation of the present invention; But embodiment of the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; Other any do not deviate from change, the modification done under spirit of the present invention and the principle, substitutes, combination, simplify; All should be the substitute mode of equivalence, be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly comprises battery, stick body and control system, it is characterized in that; Said battery and control system are built in stick body; Said control system comprises central processing module and falls alarm module, and said alarm module and the central processing module of falling is electrically connected, and the said alarm module of falling comprises interconnective voice unit, detecting unit and GSM unit; Said voice unit has microphone and the loudspeaker that all is connected with speech chip; Said GSM unit has address card, and said address card and cordless communication network communicate, after said detection is fallen to stick body; Said central processing module control GSM dials predefined number in the unit, and said voice unit receives, handles and transmit the voice between microphone and the loudspeaker.
2. the intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Also comprise the GPS module that is electrically connected with central processing module, when said GSM dialed the unit predefined number, the GSM unit sent note to predefined number.
3. the intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly according to claim 1; It is characterized in that said GSM dials the unit predefined number and after stick body was fallen two minutes, carries out, the said alarm module of falling has buzzer; Said address card is a SIM, and said GSM unit has COBBAIF.
4. the intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said detecting unit adopts the acceleration transducer switch; Mercoid switch or vibration switch, said vibration switch adopt the two unidirectional trigger switches of pearl of SW-200D ball-type, and said GSM unit adopts GSM-SIM300 or GSM-TC35.
5. the intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said central processing module adopts AT89C52 single-chip microcomputer or 8031 program storage block.
6. the intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly according to claim 1; It is characterized in that also comprise clock module, radio reception module and lighting module, said clock module has display unit, timer and alarm clock; Said radio reception module has the radio reception unit, and said lighting module has the LED lamp.
7. the intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly according to claim 3; It is characterized in that; Also comprise the obstacle detection alarm module, said obstacle detection alarm module has the ultrasonic ranging device, and said obstacle detection alarm module and central processing module are electrically connected; When the obstacle detection module detected barrier, buzzer sent the buzzing chimes of doom.
8. the intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Also comprise body temperature and pulses measure module; Said body temperature and pulses measure module have temperature sensor and piezoelectric ceramic piece sensor, and said body temperature and pulses measure module and central processing module are electrically connected.
9. the intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly according to claim 1 is characterized in that, it is the voice unit of ISD4004 that said voice unit adopts model.
10. the intelligent crutch that is applicable to the elderly according to claim 6 is characterized in that said display unit adopts Chinese liquid crystal display or English liquid crystal display.
CN2012103196433A 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Intelligent crutch applied to the aged CN102824002A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103778527A (en) * 2014-02-12 2014-05-07 顾洪代 Voice memo prompting method and device
CN103859721A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-06-18 江南大学 Intelligent walking stick for tumbling remote monitoring and nursing
CN104207754A (en) * 2014-09-19 2014-12-17 苏州经贸职业技术学院 Portable pulse measuring instrument with clock function
CN104257048A (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-01-07 浙江大学 Old people assisting system based on intelligent walking stick
CN104352039A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-02-18 北京中电华远科技有限公司 Monitoring walking stick
CN104490032A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-08 广西大学 Multifunctional mountaineering stick
CN104837246A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-12 中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 Night light capable of alarm in fall
CN104856382A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-08-26 四川理工学院 Intelligent walking stick based on Internet of Things
CN104886890A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-09-09 河海大学常州校区 Health safety service system based on intelligent crutch
CN104952215A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-30 哈尔滨东方报警设备开发有限公司 Wireless sound and light alarm device with ultrasonic ranging function
CN105495892A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-20 黄馨莹 Crutch capable of making telephone calls
CN105686258A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-06-22 中电科卫星导航运营服务有限公司 Intelligent walking stick and user tumble judging method
CN105721275A (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-06-29 中国移动通信集团公司 Method and apparatus for sending instant messages
CN105725390A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-07-06 深圳市中易腾达科技股份有限公司 Intelligent walking stick capable of automatically generating power
CN105725389A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-06 同济大学 Intelligent communication multifunctional walking stick
WO2016106586A1 (en) * 2014-12-30 2016-07-07 孙冬梅 Walking stick having phone function
CN105768415A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-07-20 重庆蓝岸通讯技术有限公司 Smart walking stick
CN106073079A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-11-09 山东建筑大学 There is automatic alarm and the energy-saving crutch of SOS and method of work
CN106235541A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 徐锡燕 Sticks for old man
CN106901465A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-06-30 蔡丽萍 A kind of novel walking stick
CN107960710A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-27 王冀军 A kind of medical crutch for the function that sprays with timing
CN108578183A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-09-28 潍坊护理职业学院 A kind of falling-resistant medicinal intelligent Multifunctional safe walking stick
CN110395339A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-11-01 山东华宇工学院 A kind of autonomous rescue system of riding cycle and method

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JP2002306218A (en) * 2001-04-18 2002-10-22 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Stick with communication means and service system using it
CN201188936Y (en) * 2006-11-15 2009-02-04 张志国 Automatic help and position crutch
CN101120835A (en) * 2007-02-02 2008-02-13 关洪标 Intelligent walking stick
CN102038338A (en) * 2009-10-20 2011-05-04 杨志雄 SOS electrommunication crutch
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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103778527A (en) * 2014-02-12 2014-05-07 顾洪代 Voice memo prompting method and device
CN103859721A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-06-18 江南大学 Intelligent walking stick for tumbling remote monitoring and nursing
CN104257048B (en) * 2014-09-11 2016-04-06 浙江大学 A kind of the elderly's accessory system based on Intelligent crutch
CN104257048A (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-01-07 浙江大学 Old people assisting system based on intelligent walking stick
CN104207754A (en) * 2014-09-19 2014-12-17 苏州经贸职业技术学院 Portable pulse measuring instrument with clock function
CN104352039A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-02-18 北京中电华远科技有限公司 Monitoring walking stick
CN104352039B (en) * 2014-11-07 2016-05-18 北京中电华远科技有限公司 Monitoring crutch
CN105721275A (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-06-29 中国移动通信集团公司 Method and apparatus for sending instant messages
CN104490032A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-08 广西大学 Multifunctional mountaineering stick
WO2016106586A1 (en) * 2014-12-30 2016-07-07 孙冬梅 Walking stick having phone function
CN104886890A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-09-09 河海大学常州校区 Health safety service system based on intelligent crutch
CN104886890B (en) * 2015-04-20 2017-04-12 河海大学常州校区 Health safety service system based on intelligent crutch
CN104837246B (en) * 2015-05-06 2018-04-17 中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 The mini light night that can be alarmed during tumble
CN104837246A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-12 中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 Night light capable of alarm in fall
CN104856382A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-08-26 四川理工学院 Intelligent walking stick based on Internet of Things
CN104952215A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-30 哈尔滨东方报警设备开发有限公司 Wireless sound and light alarm device with ultrasonic ranging function
CN105495892A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-20 黄馨莹 Crutch capable of making telephone calls
CN105686258A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-06-22 中电科卫星导航运营服务有限公司 Intelligent walking stick and user tumble judging method
CN105725389A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-06 同济大学 Intelligent communication multifunctional walking stick
CN105725390A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-07-06 深圳市中易腾达科技股份有限公司 Intelligent walking stick capable of automatically generating power
CN105768415A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-07-20 重庆蓝岸通讯技术有限公司 Smart walking stick
CN106073079A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-11-09 山东建筑大学 There is automatic alarm and the energy-saving crutch of SOS and method of work
CN106235541A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 徐锡燕 Sticks for old man
CN106901465A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-06-30 蔡丽萍 A kind of novel walking stick
CN107960710A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-27 王冀军 A kind of medical crutch for the function that sprays with timing
CN107960710B (en) * 2017-12-04 2019-09-27 杨淑野 A kind of medical crutch with timing spray function
CN108578183A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-09-28 潍坊护理职业学院 A kind of falling-resistant medicinal intelligent Multifunctional safe walking stick
CN110395339A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-11-01 山东华宇工学院 A kind of autonomous rescue system of riding cycle and method

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