CN102817647A - Biomass generator - Google Patents

Biomass generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102817647A
CN102817647A CN2011101508012A CN201110150801A CN102817647A CN 102817647 A CN102817647 A CN 102817647A CN 2011101508012 A CN2011101508012 A CN 2011101508012A CN 201110150801 A CN201110150801 A CN 201110150801A CN 102817647 A CN102817647 A CN 102817647A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
high pressure
generator
biomass
high temperature
pressure steam
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011101508012A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
季小新
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JINGJIANG WANTAI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JINGJIANG WANTAI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JINGJIANG WANTAI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical JINGJIANG WANTAI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011101508012A priority Critical patent/CN102817647A/en
Publication of CN102817647A publication Critical patent/CN102817647A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass generator. A biomass gasification combustion engine is communicated with a high temperature and high pressure steam rapid producer, a pipeline arranged at the left lower end of the high temperature and high pressure steam rapid producer is communicated with a high pressure water pump, the high pressure water pump is communicated with a cooler, the other end of the cooler is communicated with the top end of a multiple cylinder type steam engine, a pipeline at the right upper end of the high temperature and high pressure steam rapid producer is communicated with the multiple cylinder type steam engine, and the multiple cylinder type steam engine drives the generator to operate. The biomass generator has the advantages that the generator is novel, the occupied area is small, the operation is simple, the moving is convenient, the operating cost of generated electrical power is low, the exhaust tail gas is clean and free of pollution and the like.

Description

A kind of biomass fermentation motor
Technical field:The present invention relates to a kind of generation of electricity by new energy equipment, particularly relate to a kind of biomass fermentation motor, be applicable to the technology of the biomass granule fuel direct generation of electricity.
Background technique:Present biomass power generation generally is that the mode through direct burning makes high-pressure autoclave produce steam, and steam drives steam turbine, and steam turbine drives generator and generates electricity; General biomass electric power plant all is so, but biomass fuel is difficult for transportation owing to low weight; Cost of transportation is big, and human and material resources consume bigger, therefore; The operating cost of macro-organism matter power station is higher, and needs a large amount of places of stacking living beings, and environment is relatively poor.The small power generation unit mostly adopts combustion diesel oil, gasoline, LPG, biogas etc., employing be mostly internal combustion generator, higher to demanded fuel, and temperature of exhaust fume is higher, utilization ratio is low, operating cost is higher.Along with the continuous price raising of fuel oil, occurred a lot of biomass granule fuels at present and replaced fuel such as coal, oil, but biomass granule fuel mostly is used for boiler, hot blast stove to substitute coal, can not better embody its economic value.In addition, the used high pressure steam that generally generates electricity is all produced by boiler, and this just needs the investment boiler, and existing boiler belongs to pressurized container, and special equipment needs the special messenger to operate, and this has just limited use.And the supporting facility of boiler is also more, takes up an area of also bigger.Conventional steam electric power technical sophistication and operation are not smooth.The full gasifying process of the living beings of employing is also arranged, but the tar that full gasification produces can influence the normal operation of machine.Like direct employing living beings, the stacking place of loose living beings also can account for very big place.
Summary of the invention:The object of the invention will provide a kind of biomass fermentation motor exactly; It can overcome the deficiency of existing technology, the objective of the invention is to realize so a kind of biomass fermentation motor; It is characterized in that: biomass gasification fired machine communicates with the high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator; The left lower end of high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator is provided with pipeline and communicates with high-pressure water pump, and high-pressure water pump is provided with pipeline and communicates with radiator, and the other end of radiator communicates with the top of multiple casing steam engine; The upper right side of high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator is provided with pipeline and communicates with the multiple casing steam engine; Described multiple casing steam engine drives generator operation.Described biomass gasification fired machine is made up of rotary barrel type gasification oven, auxiliary burner, blower fan, automatic controller.Be provided with gasification combustion chamber, spiral high pressure steam generator tube, one-way valve, high pressure valve, safety valve in the described high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator.Described multiple casing steam engine is made up of some cylinder bodies, piston, seal ring, bent axle, connecting rod, and the connecting rod that several pistons connects is radially evenly to be controlled, and drives the spider bearing and makes the bent axle fast rotational.The invention provides a kind of brand-new biomass fermentation group of motors; It provides easily as diesel oil, the simple low-cost bio matter of gasoline engine generator particle generation technology; It is little to have floor space, simple to operate, characteristics such as conveniently moving, institute's electrogenesis power operating cost are low; Institute's discharge tail gas is clean, does not have any pollution.The present invention adopts the burning of biological particles direct gasification, produces high pressure steam through the spiral-type high pressure steam generator, has saved conventional high-pressure autoclave, owing to adopted the spiral-type high pressure steam generator, the danger of having avoided the container type high-pressure generator to bring.As far as the user, only need in feed bin, to drop into biomass granule fuel, just can be as diesel oil, gasoline, liquid gas, natural gas power unit, the direct generation of electricity, automaticity is high, and required operating cost has only 1/4th of diesel oil.The present invention adopts the living beings particulate fuel as the energy, has solved many-sided problems such as transportation, storage, also for the biological particles manufacturing enterprise of rising at present new outlet is provided.The guarantee of effective low-cost electric power also is provided for the severe power shortage area simultaneously.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention
1. biomass gasification fired machine, 2. high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator, 3. multiple casing steam engine, 4. motor, 5. radiator, 6. high-pressure water pump.
Embodiment: the present invention is described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing;
A kind of biomass fermentation motor; Comprise biomass gasification fired machine 1, high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator 2,3 compositions of multiple casing steam engine; It is characterized in that: biomass gasification fired machine 1 communicates with high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator 2; The left lower end of high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator 2 is provided with pipeline and communicates with high-pressure water pump 6, and high-pressure water pump 6 is provided with pipeline and communicates with radiator 5, and the other end of radiator 5 communicates with the top of multiple casing steam engine 3; The upper right side of high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator 2 is provided with pipeline and communicates with multiple casing steam engine 3; Described multiple casing steam engine 3 drives generator 6 runnings.Described biomass gasification fired machine 1 is made up of rotary barrel type gasification oven, auxiliary burner, blower fan, automatic controller.Be provided with gasification combustion chamber, spiral high pressure steam generator tube, one-way valve, high pressure valve, safety valve in the described high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator 2.Described multiple casing steam engine 3 is made up of some cylinder bodies, piston, seal ring, bent axle, connecting rod, and the connecting rod that several pistons connects is radially evenly to be controlled, and drives the spider bearing and makes the bent axle fast rotational.During practical implementation, biological particles is poured in the feed bin of biomass gasification fired machine 1, gasified automatically by the biological particles gasification installation; Fully burn in firing chamber in high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator 2; Produce the above high temperature of 900 degree, high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator 2 can produce the high pressure steam of 650 degree in very short time, and high pressure steam gets into multiple casing steam engine 3 through pipeline; And rotation drives generator 4 running generation electric power; Steam after the work done becomes water through radiator 5, by high-pressure water pump 6 water is pressed into high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator 2 again, does the work of reciprocation cycle.
Described biomass gasification fired machine is with biological particles direct gasification and fully burning, the tar that produces also can fully burn in the firing chamber, flue gas cleaning is pollution-free; Biomass gasification fired machine adopts novel rotary barrel type gasification installation, and it not only can gasify biological particles, also can handle various living beings; Like straw, straw, domestic garbage; Especially domestic garbage also can gasify smoothly, when handling domestic garbage, increases the plasma gasification installation; With the high-temperature gasification domestic garbage of 10,000 ten thousand degree, avoided the generation of various harmful gases.
Described high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator; Be to adopt the screw type tubule to replace the boiler bag of conventional boiler; No explosion risk; Biological particles fully burns in the gasification room that has the spiral-type high pressure steam generator through biomass gasification fired machine again, in very short time, produces the high temperature and high pressure steam of 650 degree.
Described multiple casing steam engine is made up of some cylinder bodies, and high pressure steam gets into each cylinder successively and produces thrust, and the connecting rod that several pistons connects is radially evenly to be controlled; Drive the spider bearing and make the bent axle fast rotational; Because its multi-cylinder body structure, it is little to have floor space, and thrust is big; With conventional single casing steam engines, has very big advantage.

Claims (4)

1. biomass fermentation motor; Comprise that biomass gasification fired machine (1), high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator (2), multiple casing steam engine (3) form; It is characterized in that: biomass gasification fired machine (1) communicates with high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator (2); The left lower end of high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator (2) is provided with pipeline and communicates with high-pressure water pump (6); High-pressure water pump (6) is provided with pipeline and communicates with radiator (5), and the other end of radiator (5) communicates with the top of multiple casing steam engine (3); The upper right side of high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator (2) is provided with pipeline and communicates with multiple casing steam engine (3); Described multiple casing steam engine (3) drives generator (6) running.
2. a kind of biomass fermentation motor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described biomass gasification fired machine (1) is made up of rotary barrel type gasification oven, auxiliary burner, blower fan, automatic controller.
3. a kind of biomass fermentation motor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with gasification combustion chamber, spiral high pressure steam generator tube, one-way valve, high pressure valve, safety valve in the described high temperature and high pressure steam quick generator (2).
4. a kind of biomass fermentation motor according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described multiple casing steam engine (3) is made up of some cylinder bodies, piston, seal ring, bent axle, connecting rod; The connecting rod that several pistons connects is radially evenly to be controlled, and drives the spider bearing and makes the bent axle fast rotational.
CN2011101508012A 2011-06-07 2011-06-07 Biomass generator Pending CN102817647A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101508012A CN102817647A (en) 2011-06-07 2011-06-07 Biomass generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101508012A CN102817647A (en) 2011-06-07 2011-06-07 Biomass generator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102817647A true CN102817647A (en) 2012-12-12

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CN (1) CN102817647A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108316979A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-07-24 吴波挺 A kind of biomass fuel power generator
CN108343483A (en) * 2018-02-13 2018-07-31 饶榕琦 A kind of efficient biomass generating equipment

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030110994A1 (en) * 2001-12-14 2003-06-19 Vitali Lissianski Integration of direct combustion with gasification for reduction of NOx Emissions
CN1834535A (en) * 2006-03-16 2006-09-20 周开根 Smokeless coal burning boiler and gas synthetizing equipment thereof
JP2007321520A (en) * 2006-06-05 2007-12-13 Nikko Co Ltd Heat using method generated in biomass power generation facility
CN201050386Y (en) * 2007-05-22 2008-04-23 桑希会 Multi-cylinder pneumatic press
CN101625117A (en) * 2009-08-14 2010-01-13 沈阳亚太伟业生物质再生能源研究所 Biomass vaporizing combustion coupled type cyclone boiler
CN201827035U (en) * 2010-10-29 2011-05-11 国电科技环保集团山东龙源环保有限公司 Generating system with biomass boiler and solar boiler running in parallel

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030110994A1 (en) * 2001-12-14 2003-06-19 Vitali Lissianski Integration of direct combustion with gasification for reduction of NOx Emissions
CN1834535A (en) * 2006-03-16 2006-09-20 周开根 Smokeless coal burning boiler and gas synthetizing equipment thereof
JP2007321520A (en) * 2006-06-05 2007-12-13 Nikko Co Ltd Heat using method generated in biomass power generation facility
CN201050386Y (en) * 2007-05-22 2008-04-23 桑希会 Multi-cylinder pneumatic press
CN101625117A (en) * 2009-08-14 2010-01-13 沈阳亚太伟业生物质再生能源研究所 Biomass vaporizing combustion coupled type cyclone boiler
CN201827035U (en) * 2010-10-29 2011-05-11 国电科技环保集团山东龙源环保有限公司 Generating system with biomass boiler and solar boiler running in parallel

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108316979A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-07-24 吴波挺 A kind of biomass fuel power generator
CN108343483A (en) * 2018-02-13 2018-07-31 饶榕琦 A kind of efficient biomass generating equipment

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Application publication date: 20121212