CN102799162A - Building energy-saving method based on incentive mechanism - Google Patents

Building energy-saving method based on incentive mechanism Download PDF

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CN102799162A
CN102799162A CN2012102877131A CN201210287713A CN102799162A CN 102799162 A CN102799162 A CN 102799162A CN 2012102877131 A CN2012102877131 A CN 2012102877131A CN 201210287713 A CN201210287713 A CN 201210287713A CN 102799162 A CN102799162 A CN 102799162A
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user
power
excitation
incentives
users
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CN2012102877131A
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Chinese (zh)
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张�林
顾明
李凌龙
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清华大学
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Abstract

The invention provides a building energy-saving method based on an incentive mechanism. The building energy-saving method comprises the following steps: deploying a real-time power metering network with an individual level inside a building; counting power consumption information of each user in the building by using the real-time power metering network with the individual level; analyzing the individual power consumption information of the user, setting incentive measures for users realizing the power-saving goal according to the power consumption of tabletop power equipment and the power consumption of share power equipment of each user, and feeding back the power-saving goal and corresponding incentive measures to the users in an online network mode; and adjusting the power equipment by the users through an online control interface and enabling the online control interface to communicate with a physical control interface of the power equipment so as to realize real-time control over the power equipment through a network. By establishing the incentive mechanism, the users adopting the power-saving measures are incented, the users are guided to spontaneously and actively save power and the popularization in management of commercial buildings is facilitated.

Description

一种基于激励机制的建筑节能方法 A construction method for saving based incentives

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及建筑节能领域,特别涉及一种基于激励机制的建筑节能方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of building energy conservation, in particular, it relates to a method for building energy incentive-based.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着全球范围内能源储量的不断减少和能源需求的不断提升,节约能源已经成为近20年以来最重要的课题之一。 [0002] With the rising energy demand and dwindling worldwide energy reserves, energy conservation has become one of the nearly 20 years since the most important issue. 而中国作为全球人口最多的发展中国家,能源的紧张对我国发展的威胁日益明显,“十一五”以来,节能减排成为中国的基本国策之一。 And China is the largest developing countries as the global population, energy tensions threat to our development has become increasingly evident, "Eleventh Five-Year", energy conservation has become one of China's basic national policy. 统计数据显示,中国的建筑用电已经占到全国总用电量的20%以上,其中很大一部分为商业建筑用电,因而减少商业建筑的电力能源消耗对社会和经济的可持续发展有非常重要的意义。 Statistics show that China's construction of electricity accounted for more than 20% of the country's total electricity consumption, much of the electricity for commercial buildings, commercial buildings and thus reduce the power consumption of energy for sustainable social and economic development has a very Significance.

发明内容[0003] 本发明旨在至少在一定程度上解决上述技术问题之一或至少提供一种有用的商业选择。 [0003] The present invention aims to solve at least one of the above-described technical problem to some extent, or at least provide a useful commercial choice.

[0004] 为此,本发明的目的在于提出一种基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,通过建立一种激励机制对采取节电措施的用户加以激励,引导用户自发地、主动地进行节电。 [0004] To this end, an object of the present invention is to propose a method EEB incentive-based, to be excited by energy-saving measures taken by the user to establish an incentive mechanism to guide the user spontaneously actively power saving.

[0005] 为达到上述目的,本发明的实施例中,一方面提出了一种基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,包括以下步骤:在建筑内部署个人级别的实时用电计量网络;利用所述个人级别的实时用电计量网络,对所述建筑内的每个用户的用电信息进行统计,其中,所述每个用户的用电信息包括所述每个用户的桌面用电设备用电量和用电设备的用电量;根据所述每个用户的用电信息中的所述桌面用电设备用电量和所述用电设备的用电量,采用预设激励机制对符合激励条件的用户提供激励;用户根据激励机制利用在线控制接口对所述用电设备的用电量进行调整,其中,所述在线控制接口与所述用电设备的物理控制接口进行通信,用于通过网络对所述用电设备进行实时控制; [0005] To achieve the above object, embodiments of the present invention, on the one hand EEB proposed method based incentives, comprising the steps of: deploying individual level real-time electricity metering network in a building; with the individual network-level real-time electricity metering, power information for each user within the building statistics, wherein the power consumption information for each user each user's desktop comprising the electrical equipment power consumption and electrical power consumption device; according to the power consumption information for each user's desktop electrical equipment and the consumption of electrical equipment used to meet the preset incentives excitation conditions users incentives; incentives with the user interface to the control line of the power consumption adjustment device, wherein the control interface controls the physical line interface and the electrical equipment to communicate via a network the real-time control of electrical equipment;

[0006] 根据本发明实施例的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,通过建立一种激励机制对采取节电措施的用户加以激励,引导用户自发地、主动地进行节电,有助于提高用户节省用电的积极性,便于在商业建筑管理中进行普及,为节省电力能源提出了一种有效、可行的方案。 [0006] Example embodiments of the method of building energy-based incentives, according to the present invention will be an incentive for the user to establish the power-saving measures taken incentive to guide the user spontaneously, power saving initiative to help improve the user to save the enthusiasm of electricity, facilitate popular in commercial building management, in order to save electricity energy presents an effective and viable option.

[0007] 在本发明的一个实施例中,为所述每个用户的桌面用电设备分配具有电量计量功能以及网络传输功能和在线控制功能的智能插座,并为共享用电设备分配具有网络传输功能和在线控制功能的智能电表,实时计量所述每个用户的桌面用电设备用电量以及所述共享用电设备的用电量。 Smart [0007] In one embodiment of the present invention, the power measurement function as well as having a function and a network transmission line control function assigned to each of the user desktops electrical socket apparatus, and a transmission network having a shared power distribution equipment smart meter functions and control functions online, real-time measurement of the electrical equipment of each user's desktop power consumption as well as the consumption share of electrical equipment.

[0008] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述共享用电设备包括空调系统和照明系统。 [0008] In one embodiment of the present invention, the apparatus includes a shared electrical air conditioning systems and lighting systems.

[0009] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述每个用户的桌面用电设备包括个人电脑、个人照明系统、电视、充电器等。 [0009] In one embodiment of the present invention, each of the electrical equipment comprises a user's desktop personal computers, personal lighting system, television, charger.

[0010] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述基于激励机制的建筑节能方法还包括如下步骤:将所述建筑内的每个用户的用电信息实时上传至服务器进行存储和分析。 [0010] In one embodiment of the present invention, the method of building energy conservation based incentive further includes the steps of: for each user in real time within the building electricity usage information uploaded to the server for storage and analysis. [0011] 在本发明的一个实施例中,利用用户用电信息实时在线显示系统为所述每个用户建立对应的账户,并实时显示所述每个用户的用电信息。 [0011] In one embodiment of the present invention, the user using the real time power consumption information display system to establish the account corresponding to each user, and display the power information of each user.

[0012] 在本发明的一个实施例中,当所述用电设备为空调系统时,所述控制目标为所述空调系统的设定温度值;当所述用电设备为照明系统时,所述控制目标为所述照明系统的开关和売度值。 [0012] In one embodiment of the present invention, when the electrical equipment is an air conditioning system, the control target value of the set temperature of the air-conditioning system; when the electrical equipment is a lighting system, the and said control switch bai target value of the illumination system.

[0013] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述预设激励机制包括确定性激励和/或概率性激励,其中,所述确定性激励包括:对符合所述激励条件的用户提供预设的激励;所述概率性激励包括:根据所述用户的用电信息,对符合所述激励条件的用户进行分等级激励,进一步包括:将所述用户划分为多个激励等级,每个激励等级对应多个所述用户,其中,激励等级高的用户获得激励的数量和概率高于激励等级低的用户。 [0013] In one embodiment of the present invention, the preset excitation incentives include deterministic and / or stochastic excitation, wherein the deterministic stimulus comprises: conforms to the user to provide a predetermined excitation conditions excitation; the stochastic excitation comprising: electric information according to the user, the user will be in line with the excitation condition grading excitation, further comprising: dividing the users into a plurality of excitation levels, each level corresponding to the excitation said plurality of users, wherein the users get the high level of excitation and the excitation probability is higher than the number of users of low excitation level.

[0014] 在本发明的一个实施例中,用电量少的用户的激励等级高于用电量多的用户。 [0014] In one embodiment of the present invention, a user's use less electricity excitation level is higher than many users.

[0015] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述激励条件为所述用户的用电量低于预设的用电量基准线。 [0015] In one embodiment of the present invention, the conditions for the excitation of the electricity consumption is lower than a preset reference line user.

[0016] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述激励机制还包括如下步骤:存储所述用户通过在线控制接口对所述用电设备的在线控制操作记录;根据所述在线控制操作记录对降低所述用电设备的用电量的多个用户提供激励。 [0016] In one embodiment of the present invention, the excitation mechanism further comprising the step of: storing the user via the control interface line recording operation of online control of the powered device; reducing the recording control operation according to the online the powered device is provided with a plurality of excitation electricity users.

[0017] 本发明的附加方面和优点将在下面的描述中部分给出,部分将从下面的描述中变得明显,或通过本发明的实践了解到。 Additional aspects and advantages of the [0017] present invention will be given in part in the description which follows, from the following description in part be apparent from, or learned by practice of the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 本发明的上述和/或附加的方面和优点从结合下面附图对实施例的描述中将变得明显和容易理解,其中: [0018] The foregoing and / or other aspects and advantages of the invention will be described with reference to embodiments in conjunction with the embodiments become apparent and more readily appreciated below, wherein:

[0019] 图I是本发明实施例的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法的流程图; [0019] Figure I is a flowchart illustrating a method EEB incentive embodiment of the present invention;

[0020] 图2是本发明实施例的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法的交互过程示意图; [0020] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a method based on the interaction energy building incentives embodiment of the present invention;

[0021] 图3是本发明一个实施例的利用在线控制接口对用电设备的用电量进行调整的流程图;以及 [0021] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of an example of a control interface for online consumption electrical apparatus for adjusting an embodiment of the present invention; and

[0022] 图4是本发明一个实施例的激励方案分配示意图。 [0022] FIG. 4 is a schematic incentive program allocated embodiment embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0023] 下面详细描述本发明的实施例,所述实施例的示例在附图中示出,其中自始至终相同或类似的标号表示相同或类似的元件或具有相同或类似功能的元件。 [0023] Example embodiments of the present invention is described in detail below, exemplary embodiments of the embodiment shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein same or similar reference numerals designate the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar functions. 下面通过参考附图描述的实施例是示例性的,旨在用于解释本发明,而不能理解为对本发明的限制。 By following with reference to the embodiments described are exemplary, and are intended for explaining the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0024] 在本发明的描述中,需要理解的是,术语“中心”、“纵向”、“横向”、“长度”、“宽度”、“厚度”、“上”、“下”、“前”、“后”、“左”、“右”、“竖直”、“水平”、“顶”、“底” “内”、“外”、“顺时针”、“逆时针”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本发明和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本发明的限制。 [0024] In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the term "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front "," rear "," left "," right "," vertical "," horizontal "," top "," bottom "," inner "," outer "," clockwise "," counterclockwise "and the like indicated orientation or positional relationship of the position or orientation based on the relationship shown in the drawings, for convenience of description only and the invention is to simplify the present description, not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation in a particular configuration and orientation operation, can not be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0025] 在本发明中,除非另有明确的规定和限定,术语“安装”、“相连”、“连接”、“固定”等术语应做广义理解,例如,可以是固定连接,也可以是可拆卸连接,或一体地连接;可以是机械连接,也可以是电连接;可以是直接相连,也可以通过中间媒介间接相连,可以是两个元件内部的连通。 [0025] In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "connected," "fixed" and like terms are to be broadly understood, for example, may be a fixed connection, may be detachable connection, or integrally connected; may be a mechanical connector may be electrically connected; may be directly connected, can also be connected indirectly through intervening structures, it may be in communication the interior of the two elements. 对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可以根据具体情况理解上述术语在本发明中的具体含义。 Those of ordinary skill in the art, to be understood that the specific meanings in the present invention depending on the circumstances.

[0026] 下面参考图I至图4描述根据本发明实施例的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法。 [0026] The method described below with reference EEB embodiment of the present invention according to FIG. 4 incentive-based I to FIGS.

[0027] 如图I和图2所示,根据本发明实施例的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,包括以下步骤: [0027] As shown in FIG. I and 2, the power saving method of construction incentive-based embodiment of the present invention, comprising the steps of:

[0028] SlOl :在建筑内部署个人级别的实时用电计量网络。 [0028] SlOl: the deployment of individual-level real-time electricity metering network in the building.

[0029] 具体地,在建筑内部署个人级别的实时用电计量网络,需要为每个用户的桌面用电设备分配具有电量计量功能以及网络传输功能和在线控制功能的智能插座,并为共享用电设备分配有网络传输功能和在线控制功能的智能电表,以通过该具有电量计量功能的智能插座和智能电表实时计量每个用户的桌面用电设备用电量以及共享用电设备的用电量。 [0029] In particular, the deployment of individual-level real-time electricity metering network inside a building, you need to have the power measurement functions and online network transport functions and control functions to assign each user a desktop electrical equipment smart socket, and is shared with electric devices are assigned smart meter and network transmission line control function, through the intelligent smart meter socket and having a real-time measurement of the power metering function of each user's desktop electrical equipment power consumption and the consumption of electric equipment sharing . 其中,桌面用电设备包括但并不仅限于:个人电脑、电视、充电器、个人照明设备、取暖器等用电设备。 Among them, the desktop electrical equipment including but not limited to: personal computers, televisions, chargers, personal lighting, heaters and other electrical equipment. 共享用电设备包括但并不仅限于:空调系统和照明系统等。 Shared electrical equipment including, but not limited to: air conditioning systems and lighting systems.

[0030] 在本发明的一个实施例中,实时用电计量网络可具体通过如下方式实现: [0030] In one embodiment of the present invention, real-time measurement of electricity network may be embodied by:

[0031] I.实时计量每一个用户的桌面用电情况,通过具有电量计量功能以及网络传输功能和在线控制功能的智能插座实现,该用户的所有桌面用电设备从该插座取电,从而该智能插座的读数即为对应用户的实时用电情况; [0031] Real-time measurement table I. electricity consumption of each user, by having the power measurement function smart socket and network transmission function and a control function implemented online, all of the user desktops electrical equipment to take power from the socket, so that the reading the smart socket is the real electricity consumption corresponding to the user;

[0032] 2.实时计量空调系统的压缩机和吹风机功率,采用与上文类似的方法,为每一个空调压缩机和吹风机配备用电计量插座或智能电表,从而获得空调系统的实时用电信息; [0032] 2. Real-time measurement of the air conditioning system blower and the compressor power, using methods similar to the above, with a smart meter or electricity metering outlet for each air-conditioning compressor and a hair dryer, to thereby obtain real-time information on electricity air conditioning system ;

[0033] 3.实时计量照明系统的功率,采用在照明系统取电端安装具有网络传输功能和在线控制功能的电量计量设备实现。 [0033] 3. The power of real-time measurement of the illumination system, the installation uses electricity metering device having a network function and a transmission line control functions are implemented at the end to take power illumination system.

[0034] 需要说明的是,本发明实施例的实时用电计量网络只是为了作为示例便于说明,而不应理解为对于本发明的限制。 [0034] Incidentally, the real-time measurement of the electricity network of the embodiments of the present invention by way of example only for ease of illustration, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0035] S102 :利用个人级别的实时用电计量网络,对建筑内的每个用户的用电信息进行统计,其中,每个用户的用电信息包括每个用户的桌面用电设备用电量和共享用电设备的用电量。 [0035] S102: the use of individual-level real-time measurement of electricity network, electricity information for each user in the building statistics, where each user's electricity consumption information includes each user's desktop power consumption of electrical equipment and shared consumption of electrical equipment.

[0036] 本发明的一个实施例的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,在执行S102步骤统计建筑内每个用户的用电信息后,还包括步骤: [0036] The embodiment of the present invention a method of building energy incentives based on the statistics for each user's information is performed electricity building step S102, further comprising the step of:

[0037] 将建筑内的每个用户的用电信息实时上传至服务器并进行存储。 [0037] Each user of electricity in the building real-time information uploaded to the server and storage.

[0038] 组建细化到个人级别用电的实时用电情况计量网络,该用电情况计量网络可以实时监控用户的桌面用电设备用电和共享的空调、照明系统中每个耗电设备的用电情况,并可以将采集到的每个用户的用电数据实时传入服务器并在数据库中进行存储。 [0038] the formation of real-time power usage down to the individual level of electricity metering network, the electricity consumption metering network real-time monitoring of the user's desktop electrical equipment and power sharing air conditioning, lighting system, each power consuming devices real-time electricity consumption, and electricity can be collected for each user's incoming data server and stored in the database.

[0039] S103 :对用电信息进行在线显示和分析,根据每个用户的用电信息中桌面用电设备的用电量和共享用电设备的用电量,制定节电目标,并计算出对达到节电目标用户的激励措施 [0039] S103: electricity line information display and analysis, according to the power consumption information for each user's desktop consumption of electrical equipment and electrical equipment sharing, to develop energy-saving target, and calculates of incentives to energy-saving target users

[0040] 用户根据激励措施,利用在线控制接口对用电设备的用电量进行调整,其中,在线控制接口与用电设备的物理控制接口进行通信,用于通过网络对用电设备进行实时控制。 [0040] The incentives for the user, using control line interface device power consumption to be adjusted, wherein the control interface controls the physical line interfaces to communicate with the electrical device for performing real-time control of the electrical device via a network . 并且,上述利用在线控制接口对用电设备的用电量进行调整也可以结合用户的自身偏好。 And the use of a control line interface device power consumption can be adjusted with the user's own preferences.

[0041] 利用用户用电信息实时在线显示系统,为每个用户建立对应的账户,并实时通过显示向每个用户反馈该用户的用电信息,显示的信息包括用户的桌面用电设备用电、与用户相关的空调耗电和与用户相关的照明用电等。 [0041] real time using the user information display system power, established for each account corresponding to the user, and the user real-time feedback power information to each user through the display, the information display apparatus includes a user's desktop electrical power , related to the user associated with the user and the air conditioning power of electricity for lighting and the like.

[0042] 本发明向用户提供在线的空调与照明系统等用电设备的控制接口。 [0042] The present invention provides a control interface line conditioning electrical equipment and lighting system to the user. 可采用在空调和照明设备的控制接口处安装有通信能力的远程控制模块,该远程控制模块使得空调和照明设备可以进行基于分组数据通信协议的实时控制。 Communication capabilities can be mounted remote control interface module control air conditioning and lighting equipment, the remote control module so that the air conditioning and lighting can be controlled in real time based data communication protocol packet. 与传统的硬件控制接口不同,在线控制接口使得用户可以通过点击网页上或智能终端设备上的特定按钮,来实现对空调与照明系统的控制,从而使得建筑中的用户可以不用离开座位就可以进行空调与照明系统功率的调节。 With traditional hardware control different interfaces, on-line control interface allows the user through a specific button click on the page or on the smart terminal equipment, to achieve control of air conditioning and lighting systems, enabling users buildings can not leave the seat can be air conditioning and lighting system power regulation. 这一接口确保用户可以很容易地进行用电设备的控制操作,而不需要花费大量的时间和精力,避免用户因为需要额外精力而导致对本发明的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法的参与度下降。 This interface ensures that users can easily perform the control operation of the electrical equipment, without the need to spend a lot of time and effort, because of the extra effort to avoid user participation result of EEB incentive-based method of the present invention decreases.

[0043] 如图3所示,在对用户的用电信息进行分析后,利用在线控制接口对用电设备的用电量进行调整,包括如下步骤: [0043] 3, after the electricity user information is analyzed by the control interface for online consumption of electrical equipment to be adjusted, comprising the steps of:

[0044] S301 :设置用电设备的控制目标。 [0044] S301: setting a control target electrical equipment.

[0045] 对于空调、照明等公用电能消耗系统,该系统的控制目标为出风口温度设置及亮度设置,其设置值在结合多个用户的意见基础上,可通过归一化算法得到。 [0045] An air conditioner, power consumption of the public lighting system, the control system of the target outlet temperature setting and the brightness setting, the value of which is disposed a plurality of users basis of the comments on the binding, can be obtained by normalization algorithm. 具体地,当用电设备为空调系统时,控制目标为空调系统的设定温度值;当用电设备为照明系统时,控制目标为照明系统的开光量和亮度值;类似地,当用电设备为其他用电设备时,可选取其他影响用电量的参数作为控制目标。 Specifically, when the electrical equipment is an air conditioning system, temperature control target value for the air-conditioning system is set; when the electrical equipment of a lighting system, opening of the control target light amount and brightness values ​​of the illumination system; Similarly, when the electricity other electrical equipment when the equipment, to select other parameters affect the use of electricity as a control target.

[0046] S302 :将用电设备的分析结果与对应的控制目标进行比较。 [0046] S302: The analysis result corresponding to the control target electrical equipment compared.

[0047] S303 :根据当前用电量和激励措施,为用户提供相应的激励。 [0047] S303: consumption and incentives, to provide users with the appropriate excitation according to the current.

[0048] 为达成上述步骤的实现,可采用在空调和照明设备的物理控制接口处安装有通信能力的远程控制模块,该远程控制模块使得空调和照明设备可以进行基于分组数据通信协议的实时控制。 [0048] To achieve the achieve the above steps may be employed in the physical remote control module at the control interface of air conditioning and lighting are mounted communication capabilities, the remote control module so that the air conditioning and lighting can be controlled in real time based on a packet data communications protocol .

[0049] S104 :根据每个用户的用电信息中的桌面用电设备用电量和共享用电设备的用电量,采用预设激励机制对符合激励条件的用户提供激励。 [0049] S104: The power consumption information for each user's desktop share the electrical equipment power consumption and the consumption of electrical equipment used to provide a predetermined incentive to the user meets the excitation of excitation conditions.

[0050] 本激励机制的主要实现过程在于将用户节电所得的一部分作为奖励以某种形式发放给用户,从而商业建筑的用户(电能消耗者)会因为奖励的激励而持续地进行节电行为,同时商业建筑的业主(电费支付者)会由于用户节电而获得收益,从而有动力持续的支持该激励机制。 [0050] The main implementation process of the present incentive in that part of the user as a reward issuance resultant saving in some form to the user so that the user commercial buildings (electricity consumers) because of the incentive awards is continuously performed saving behavior while commercial building owners (electricity bill payers) due to energy-saving and users to benefit, so as to have an incentive to continue to support the incentives. 其中,激励条件为用户的用电量低于预设的用电量基准线。 Wherein the excitation condition for the user's consumption of electricity is less than a predetermined reference line. 在本发明的一个实施例中,首先采集用户的基础用电数据,该阶段会持续2至4周。 In one embodiment of the present invention, the first electricity collecting user data base, this phase lasts 2-4 weeks. 而后将用户分类,工作时间、性质、强度相同的用户被分配到同样的分类中,这些用户具有耗能上的可比性,将同一个分类中的用户的基础用电数据的平均值作为该分类用户的用电量基准线。 After classification of the user, working time, nature, the same intensity the user is assigned to the same category, which the user comparable energy consumption, the average power of data base users in the same classification as the classification user's line of electricity consumption benchmarks. 而后定期统计个体用户用电量与用电基准线的差距,并对用电量低于基准线的用户进行奖励,奖励的奖金来源于所有节电用户节电产生的收益。 Then on a regular basis statistical gap between individual users and electricity consumption baseline, and baseline electricity consumption is lower than the user's reward, reward bonus from all power-saving energy-saving income generated by the user.

[0051] 具体地,所述预设激励机制包括确定性激励和/或概率性激励。 [0051] In particular, the preset excitation incentives include deterministic and / or stochastic excitation. 确定性激励包括:对符合激励条件的用户提供预设的激励。 Uncertainty incentives include: providing incentives to users who meet pre-excitation conditions.

[0052] 概率性激励包括:根据用户的用电信息,对符合激励条件的用户进行分等级激励,具体可采用如下方式: [0052] The stochastic excitation comprising: the power information of the user, the user will be in line with the excitation condition grading excitation, can be used particularly in the following manner:

[0053] 将不同的用户划分为多个激励等级,每个激励等级对应多个用户,其中,激励等级高的用户获得激励的数量和概率高于激励等级低的用户。 [0053] The user is divided into a plurality of different excitation levels, each level corresponding to a plurality of users excitation, wherein the high excitation level and the number of users get higher than the probability of excitation of low excitation level user. 用电量少的用户的激励等级高于用电量多的用户,即用电量越少,等级越高,激励越多。 Users use less electricity excitation level higher than the number of users, i.e., the less power consumption, the higher the level, the more excited. 通过对等级更高的用户给予更大概率和更多数量的激励,引导用户自发地去节省用电。 And by giving a greater probability of a greater number of incentives for a higher level of user, user guide spontaneously to save electricity. 在本发明的一个实施例中,激励可以以奖金、奖品等其他形式提供给用户。 In one embodiment of the present invention, the excitation may be provided to the user in other forms bonus prizes.

[0054] 在本发明的一个实施例中,激励方案的分配如图4所示,采取金字塔形分级激励机制。 [0054] In one embodiment of the present invention, the excitation distribution scheme shown in Figure 4, taken hierarchical pyramid incentives. 具体方法如下:将节电所得收益平均分为若干份(以下文中以4份为例),形成4个激励相同但激励级别不同(由高至低1-4级)的奖池。 Specific methods are as follows: The average saving proceeds divided into several parts (hereinafter, parts of the text to Example 4), to form four different excitation levels, but the same excitation (high to low level 1-4) progressive. 每个奖池设置不同数量的获奖人数,获奖者平分奖池内的奖金,其中,高级别的激励等级的用户获得激励的概率更大,获的激励的额度更高。 Each prize pool of a different number of the number of winners, the winners split the prize money in the prize pool, which encourage greater probability level of high-level users get excited, obtain higher incentive amount. 如图4所示,金字塔由底至上,激励等级越来越高。 4, the bottom-end of the pyramid, the excitation level is increasing. 位于底部的激励等级SI最低,获奖人数最多,例如8个,每个获奖者获得的激励最低,为末等激励。 SI lowest excitation level at the bottom, winning the largest number, such as 8, each winners of incentive to get the lowest for the end of other incentives. 激励等级S2的等级高于SI,获奖人数少于SI,例如4个,每个获奖者获得的激励高于SI级的用户,为中等激励。 S2 excitation level higher than the level of SI, SI is less than the number of winners, such as four, the winners get excited every level of the user is higher than the SI, moderate incentives. 激励等级S3的等级高于SI和S2,获奖人数少于SI和S2,例如2个,每个获奖者获得的激励高于SI级和S2级的用户,为次高激励。 S3 excitation level higher than the level of SI and S2, winning fewer than SI and S2, for example 2, the winners get excited every level is higher than the SI and S2 level users, the second highest motivation. 激励等级SI的等级高于S1、S2和S3,获奖人数少于SI、S2和S3,例如I个,每个获奖者获得的激励高于SI、S2和S3的用户,为最高激励。 SI excitation level higher than the level S1, S2 and S3, the number of winners than SI, S2 and S3, for example, the I, obtained by exciting each winner than SI, S2 and S3 of the user, the highest excitation.

[0055] 在本发明的一个实施例中,当激励为奖金时,则S1、S2、S3和S4级别的用户获得激励依次升高。 [0055] In one embodiment of the present invention, when the excitation of the bonus, the S1, S2, S3 and S4 are sequentially excited to obtain the user-level rise.

[0056] 然而如果用户希望享有高级别的激励等级的话,则需要用户通过做出更多的节电行为,才能获得更高级别的激励等级。 [0056] However, if the user wants to enjoy a high level of motivation level, then the user needs to do more by energy-saving behavior, in order to obtain a higher level of motivation level. 总体来说,该机制保证节电多的用户比节电少的用户更有机会获奖,且有机会获得更高级别的激励。 Overall, the power-saving mechanism to ensure more users than the power-saving and less chance of winning a user, and have access to a higher level of motivation. 系统将用户的节电行为量化为用户的奖券数量,量化的方法包括基于绝对数值和基于序关系两部分,系统根据用户节电的数值给予用户相应的奖券,并给节电总量排名靠前的用户额外的奖券奖励。 The user of the system to quantify the number of lottery saving behavior of the user, the method comprising the front quantization based on order relation and absolute value of two parts, the lottery system to give the corresponding user according to the user saving value, and a total saving Ranking users additional lottery prize.

[0057] 在本发明的一个实施例中,激励机制还包括以下步骤: [0057] In one embodiment of the present invention, the excitation mechanism further comprises the step of:

[0058] S501 :存储用户通过在线控制接口对用电设备的在线控制操作记录。 [0058] S501: storing a user through control interface online online record control operation of electrical equipment.

[0059] S502:根据在线控制操作记录对降低用电设备的用电量的多个用户提供激励。 [0059] S502: The in-line control of the recording operation a plurality of users to provide an incentive to reduce consumption of electrical equipment.

[0060] 本激励机制为用户群体节电激励机制,本激励机制与上一实施例的区别在于,本激励机制主要关注空调系统和照明系统的节电,空调系统和照明系统均为影响多个用户的耗电设备,即,空调系统和照明系统同时向多个用户服务,并接受多个用户的控制,因而需要多个用户协作以进行节电。 [0060] The present incentives for saving incentives user groups, with the incentives of the present embodiment is that a difference between the present focus on saving incentives lighting systems and air conditioning systems, air conditioning systems and lighting systems are a plurality of impact the user equipment power consumption, i.e., air conditioning and lighting systems and services to multiple users simultaneously, and receive a plurality of control of the user, thus requiring a plurality of users cooperate to save power. 系统首先确定每个空调和照明设备的影响范围,在设备影响范围之内的用户对该设备享有控制权,从而自然地成为针对该设备的节电用户群体,该群体内的用户可以通过S103中所述的在线控制接口控制空调设备和照明设备的功率,用户的在线控制操作会被记录并存入数据库,作为该群体内部激励分配的依据。 The system first determines the scope of each of the air conditioning and lighting equipment, the user equipment within the sphere of influence of the equipment exercise control over it, so naturally the power-saving user groups for the device, users within that group by S103, the interface control line control air conditioning and lighting equipment of the power-line control operation by the user is recorded and stored in the database, based on the excitation allocated as an internal group. 本激励机制会根据空调系统和照明系统的节电收益和空调设备、照明设备的用户群体中每一个用户的操作为该用户分配奖励。 This incentive will allocate for that reward users based on income and energy-saving air-conditioning equipment, lighting equipment user groups air-conditioning systems and lighting systems in each user's actions. 通过本机制,可保证即使是绝对用电量很大的用户,也能通过采取积极主动节省用电的措施以获得更多的奖励,有助于提高用户节省用电的积极性。 Through this mechanism to ensure that even large absolute electricity users, but also can take proactive measures to save electricity in order to get more reward, help to improve the user to save the enthusiasm of electricity.

[0061] 在本发明的一个实施例中,S103步骤中的用户用电信息实时在线显示系统,S104步骤中金字塔形分级激励机制的激励方案与中奖结果,以及S502步骤中的在线控制操作记录,可通过建立一个专门用于同用户交互的节电数据收集及公布网站来实现。 [0061] In one embodiment of the present invention, the user electric energy in real time in step S103 the display system, S104 step hierarchical pyramid incentive prize incentive programs and results, as well as online recording control operation in step S502, It can be a dedicated power-saving data collection and publishing website with user interaction is achieved through the establishment. 需要说明的是,本实施例的实现方式只是为了便于说明,而不应理解为对本发明的限制。 Incidentally, the present embodiment is realized merely for convenience of explanation, and should not be construed as limiting the present invention. [0062] 上述个体节电与群体性节电针对的是不同的用电器,前者个人可以完全掌控,后者需要一个群体达成共识,共同控制。 [0062] The individual energy-saving and energy-saving mass is different for electrical appliances, an individual can have complete control over the former, the latter requires a group to reach a consensus, a common control. 针对两种行为的奖励也分别可以通过确定性激励和概率性激励完成,两者共同构成了一个整体。 Respectively for the reward can motivate two acts by deterministic and probabilistic incentive to complete, which together form a whole.

[0063] 根据本发明实施例的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,通过建立一种激励机制对采取节电措施的用户加以激励,引导用户自发地、主动地进行节电,在不损失用户舒适度和工作效率的前提下实现节电,有助于提高用户节省用电的积极性,便于在商业建筑管理中进行普及,为节省电力能源提出了一种有效、可行的方案。 [0063] Example embodiments of the present invention is based on the method of EEB incentives, to be excited by energy-saving measures taken by the user to establish an incentive mechanism to guide the user spontaneously active power saving manner, without loss of comfort of the user in accordance with and the premise of the realization of energy-saving efficiency, help to improve the user to save the enthusiasm of electricity, facilitate popular in commercial building management, in order to save electricity energy presents an effective and viable option.

[0064] 具体地,本发明实施例的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法通过激励的方法,把办公室建筑中个人与组织的利益联系起来,以达成节能的目标。 [0064] Specifically, based incentive EEB embodiment of the present invention by a method of excitation, the office building in the interests of individuals and organizations linked to achieve energy conservation goals. 并且在激励(个体和群体)措施上,主要创新是概率性激励,这当中利用了行为经济学中的前景理论,可以使用户感受到的得益比实际能够得到的得益来得更多,从而提高激励的效率。 And on incentives (individual and group) measures, the main innovation is the probability of incentives, which were using the prospect theory of behavioral economics, allows users to feel the benefit than the actual benefit that can be obtained more come, so improve efficiency incentives. 最后,在群体节电过程中,针对不同个体用户的不同偏好,达到群体共识,不损失个人的满意程度而达到节能目标。 Finally, in the course of energy-saving groups, for different user preferences of different individuals to reach group consensus, without sacrificing personal satisfaction and achieve energy efficiency goals. 流程图中或在此以其他方式描述的任何过程或方法描述可以被理解为,表示包括一个或更多个用于实现特定逻辑功能或过程的步骤的可执行指令的代码的模块、片段或部分,并且本发明的优选实施方式的范围包括另外的实现,其中可以不按所示出或讨论的顺序,包括根据所涉及的功能按基本同时的方式或按相反的顺序,来执行功能,这应被本发明的实施例所属技术领域的技术人员所理解。 In the flowchart in any process or method or otherwise described in this description may be understood as representing the code comprises one or more steps for implementing specific logical functions or processes executable instructions module, segment, or portion , and the scope of the preferred embodiment of the present invention includes other implementations, which may not be according to the sequence shown or discussed, including substantially simultaneous manner or in reverse order, depending upon the functionality to perform the functions involved, it should be Example embodiments are understood skilled in the art of the present invention.

[0065] 在流程图中表示或在此以其他方式描述的逻辑和/或步骤,例如,可以被认为是用于实现逻辑功能的可执行指令的定序列表,可以具体实现在任何计算机可读介质中,以供指令执行系统、装置或设备(如基于计算机的系统、包括处理器的系统或其他可以从指令执行系统、装置或设备取指令并执行指令的系统)使用,或结合这些指令执行系统、装置或设备而使用。 [0065] or represents a logical and / or steps described herein in other ways, for example, may be considered as a sequencing table executable instructions for implementing logical functions in the flowcharts, can be embodied in any computer-readable medium to instruction execution system, apparatus, or device (e.g., computer-based system, processor-containing system, or other system may be performed from instruction fetch apparatus, or device and execute the instructions) using, instruction execution, or a combination of these system, apparatus, or device used. 就本说明书而言,"计算机可读介质"可以是任何可以包含、存储、通信、传播或传输程序以供指令执行系统、装置或设备或结合这些指令执行系统、装置或设备而使用的装置。 For purposes of this specification, a "computer-readable medium" can be any means can comprise, store, communicate, propagate, or transport the program for instruction execution system, apparatus, or device, or with the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device and used. 计算机可读介质的更具体的示例(非穷尽性列表)包括以下:具有一个或多个布线的电连接部(电子装置),便携式计算机盘盒(磁装置),随机存取存储器(RAM),只读存储器(R0M),可擦除可编辑只读存储器(EPR0M或闪速存储器),光纤装置,以及便携式光盘只读存储器(⑶ROM)。 More specific examples (a non exhaustive list) of the computer-readable medium comprising: an electrical connection (electronic device) having one or more wires, a portable computer diskette cartridge (magnetic device), a random access memory (RAM), a read only memory (R0M), erasable read-only memory edit (EPR0M or flash memory), an optical fiber device, and a portable compact disc read-only memory (⑶ROM). 另外,计算机可读介质甚至可以是可在其上打印所述程序的纸或其他合适的介质,因为可以例如通过对纸或其他介质进行光学扫描,接着进行编辑、解译或必要时以其他合适方式进行处理来以电子方式获得所述程序,然后将其存储在计算机存储器中。 Further, the computer-readable medium could even be paper or another suitable medium upon which the program is printed, as can, for example paper or other medium by optical scanning, and then edited, if necessary, interpreted, or otherwise suitable to be processed using the program obtained electronically, and then stored in a computer memory.

[0066] 应当理解,本发明的各部分可以用硬件、软件、固件或它们的组合来实现。 [0066] It should be understood that various portions of the present invention may be implemented in hardware, software, firmware or a combination thereof to achieve. 在上述实施方式中,多个步骤或方法可以用存储在存储器中且由合适的指令执行系统执行的软件或固件来实现。 In the above-described embodiment, a plurality of steps or methods may be implemented in software or firmware and executed by a suitable system executing instructions stored in a memory with. 例如,如果用硬件来实现,和在另一实施方式中一样,可用本领域公知的下列技术中的任一项或他们的组合来实现:具有用于对数据信号实现逻辑功能的逻辑门电路的离散逻辑电路,具有合适的组合逻辑门电路的专用集成电路,可编程门阵列(PGA),现场可编程门阵列(FPGA)等。 For example, if implemented in hardware, as in another embodiment, the present technique may be any one of the following well-known in the art, or their combination thereof: a logic gate circuit for implementing logic functions upon data signals discrete logic circuits having appropriate combinational logic gate circuit ASIC, a programmable gate array (PGA), a field programmable gate array (FPGA) and the like.

[0067] 本技术领域的普通技术人员可以理解实现上述实施例方法携带的全部或部分步骤是可以通过程序来指令相关的硬件完成,所述的程序可以存储于一种计算机可读存储介质中,该程序在执行时,包括方法实施例的步骤之一或其组合。 [0067] skilled in the art can understand that ordinary method embodiments that all or part of the steps may be by a program instructing relevant hardware, the program may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium, one of the steps in the implementation of the embodiment of the method includes the program, or combinations thereof.

[0068] 此外,在本发明各个实施例中的各功能单元可以集成在一个处理模块中,也可以是各个单元单独物理存在,也可以两个或两个以上单元集成在一个模块中。 [0068] In addition, the functional units may be integrated in one processing module, or may be physically separate units exist, may be two or more units are integrated in a module in various embodiments of the present invention. 上述集成的模块既可以采用硬件的形式实现,也可以采用软件功能模块的形式实现。 The integrated module may be implemented in the form of hardware, software functional modules may also be implemented. 所述集成的模块如果以软件功能模块的形式实现并作为独立的产品销售或使用时,也可以存储在一个计算机可读取存储介质中。 If the integrated module is implemented as an independent product sold or used in the form of a software functional module, it may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium.

[0069] 上述提到的存储介质可以是只读存储器,磁盘或光盘等。 [0069] The storage medium may be a read-only memory, magnetic or optical disk.

[0070] 在本说明书的描述中,参考术语“一个实施例”、“一些实施例”、“示例”、“具体示例”、或“一些示例”等的描述意指结合该实施例或示例描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点包含于本发明的至少一个实施例或示例中。 [0070] In the description of the present specification, reference to the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments", "an example", "a specific example", or "some examples" means that a description of the exemplary embodiment or embodiments described a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic is included in at least one embodiment of the present invention, embodiments or examples. 在本说明书中,对上述术语的示意性表述不一定指的是相同的实施例或示例。 In the present specification, a schematic representation of the above terms necessarily referring to the same embodiment or example. 而且,描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点可以在任何的一个或多个实施例或示例中以合适的方式结合。 Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described embodiments or examples may be at any one or more in a proper manner.

[0071] 尽管上面已经示出和描述了本发明的实施例,可以理解的是,上述实施例是示例性的,不能理解为对本发明的限制,本领域的普通技术人员在不脱离本发明的原理和宗旨的情况下在本发明的范围内可以对上述实施例进行变化、修改、替换和变型。 [0071] Although the above has been illustrated and described embodiments of the present invention, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the present invention. may be performed from the principles and spirit of the present invention within the scope of the above-described embodiment, variations, modifications, alternatives, and modifications.

Claims (11)

1. 一种基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,包括如下步骤: 在建筑内部署个人级别的实时用电计量网络; 利用所述个人级别的实时用电计量网络,对所述建筑内的每个用户的用电信息进行统计,其中,所述每个用户的用电信息包括所述每个用户的桌面用电设备用电量和共享用电设备的用电量; 对所述用电信息进行分析,根据每个用户的桌面用电设备用电量和共享用电设备的用电量,制定节电目标,并设置激励机制对符合激励条件的用户提供激励; 用户通过在线方式知悉节电目标和激励措施,利用在线控制接口对所述用电设备的用电量进行调整,其中,所述在线控制接口与所述用电设备的物理控制接口进行通信,用于通过网络对所述用电设备进行实时控制。 An energy-saving method of construction based incentives, comprising the steps of: deploying individual level real-time electricity metering network in a building; individual level using the real-time electricity metering network, each user within the building statistical power of information, wherein each of said electric user information comprises each user's desktop sharing and consumption of electrical equipment of the electrical equipment power consumption; the electricity usage information for analysis , according to each user's desktop electricity consumption of electrical equipment and electrical equipment sharing, the development of energy-saving goals, and set up incentives to provide incentives to encourage user compliance with conditions; target users aware of the power-saving mode and online incentives for the use of online consumption control interface for adjusting said electrical device, wherein said control interface line physical interface and the electric control device to communicate through the network device for the electric real-time control.
2.如权利要求I所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于,为所述每个用户的桌面用电设备分配具有电量计量功能以及网络传输功能和在线控制功能的智能插座,为所述共享用电设备分配有网络传输功能和在线控制功能的智能电表,由所述具有电量计量功能的智能插座实时计量所述每个用户的桌面用电设备用电量以及共享用电设备的用电量。 2. EEB incentive-based method recited in claim I, further comprising a power measurement function and the smart socket and network transmission line control function assigned to each of the electrical equipment, a desktop user, is the electrical devices are assigned the shared network transmission line control function and smart meters, power measurement by the smart function having the real-time measurement of the receptacle each user's desktop electrical equipment power consumption and the sharing of electric equipment energy used.
3.如权利要求I或2所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于,共享用电设备包括空调系统和照明系统。 I EEB incentive-based method according to claim 2, wherein the electrical equipment comprises a shared air conditioning system and a lighting system.
4.如权利要求I所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于,还包括如下步骤:将所述建筑内的每个用户的用电信息实时上传至服务器进行存储和分析。 Each real-time users within the building electricity usage information uploaded to the server for storage and analysis: I 4. The method of claim EEB-based incentives, characterized by further comprising the steps of claims.
5.如权利要求I所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于,系统为所述每个用户建立对应的账户,并实时在线显示所述每个用户的用电信息。 I 5. The method of EEB-based incentives, wherein said system to establish the account corresponding to each user, and displaying the real-time online information of each user according to claim electricity.
6.如权利要求I所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于,所述用户根据系统发布的激励措施,利用在线控制接口对所述用电设备的用电量进行调整,包括如下步骤: 将所述个人用电设备和共享用电设备的实时用电量与对应的所述控制目标进行比较; 利用在线控制接口对所述用电设备的用电量进行调整以达到所述控制目标,包括:设置所述共享用电设备的控制目标,控制个人用电设备的用电量。 I 6. The method of claim EEB-based incentives, characterized in that, according to the user incentives system released by the control interface for online consumption of the electrical equipment to be adjusted, comprising the following claims step: the real-time power consumption of electrical equipment corresponding to the individual and shared control target electrical equipment comparing; using online consumption control interface of the powered device is adjusted to achieve the control target, comprising: setting the control target shared power device, a control personal consumption of electrical equipment.
7.如权利要求6所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于, 当所述用电设备为空调系统时,所述控制目标为所述空调系统的设定温度值; 当所述用电设备为照明系统时,所述控制目标为所述照明系统的开关量和亮度值。 7. The method as claimed in claim EEB-based incentives, wherein said 6, when the electrical equipment is an air conditioning system, the control target value of the set temperature of the air-conditioning system; when the when the electrical device is a lighting system, the control target is a switch of the illumination system and a luminance value.
8.如权利要求I所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于,所述预设激励机制包括确定性激励和/或概率性激励,其中, 所述确定性激励包括:根据所述用户的用电信息,对符合所述激励条件的用户提供预设的激励; 所述概率性激励包括:根据所述用户的用电信息,对符合所述激励条件的用户进行分等级概率性激励,进一步包括: 将所述用户划分为多个激励等级,每个激励等级对应多个所述用户,其中,激励等级高的用户获得激励的数量和概率高于激励等级低的用户。 8. The method of EEB I based incentives, wherein, said predetermined incentives claim comprising deterministic excitation and / or stochastic excitation, wherein the deterministic stimulus comprises: according to the electricity user information, provide incentives for users who meet preset the excitation conditions; the stochastic excitation comprising: electric information according to the user, the user will be in line with the excitation condition probabilistic hierarchical incentive , further comprising: dividing the users into a plurality of excitation levels, each level corresponding to a plurality of excitation to the user, wherein the user obtains a high level of excitation and the excitation probability is higher than the number of low excitation level user.
9.如权利要求8所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于,用电量少的用户的激励等级高于用电量多的用户。 EEB method based incentives, wherein said 8 users use less electricity excitation level is higher than many users as claimed in claim.
10.如权利要求8所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于,所述激励条件为所述用户的用电量低于预设的用电量基准线。 EEB incentives based method, of claim 8 wherein the excitation condition is that the user is using less than a predetermined reference line of electricity according to claim.
11.如权利要求I所述的基于激励机制的建筑节能方法,其特征在于,所述激励机制还包括如下步骤: 存储所述用户通过在线控制接口对所述用电设备的在线控制操作记录; 根据所述在线控制操作记录对降低所述用电设备的用电量的多个用户提供激励。 I 11. The method of claim EEB-based incentives, wherein the excitation mechanism of claim further comprising the step of: storing said user control interface online online control operation of the powered device record; provide an incentive for a plurality of users to reduce the power consumption of the line control apparatus according to the recording operation.
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