CN102797649B - Potential energy converting device of novel hydraulic piston pump - Google Patents

Potential energy converting device of novel hydraulic piston pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102797649B
CN102797649B CN201210291785.3A CN201210291785A CN102797649B CN 102797649 B CN102797649 B CN 102797649B CN 201210291785 A CN201210291785 A CN 201210291785A CN 102797649 B CN102797649 B CN 102797649B
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China
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water container
gate
gravitational
water
potential energy
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CN201210291785.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102797649A (en
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温锡钦
温锡金
万城
朱贞键
朱不妹
温武佳
温武銮
郑明练
郑明坤
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温锡钦
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Abstract

The invention relates to a potential energy converting device of a novel hydraulic piston pump. Most conventional piston pumps are driven by motors or diesel engines and have deficiencies of needing to use electricity, diesel, and the like. Therefore, the potential energy converting device comprises a piston pump mechanism, wherein the piston pump mechanism comprises a cylinder body and a piston; a fluid material inlet pipe and a fluid material outlet pipe are arranged on the cylinder body; and check valves are arranged on both the fluid material inlet pipe and the fluid material outlet pipe. The potential energy converting device is characterized in that the potential energy converting device further comprises a gravity water container and a resetting device, wherein the gravity water container is connected with the piston through a pull rope or/and a connecting rod; a water filling pipe and a valve are arranged above the gravity water container; a water outlet and a sluice gate are arranged on the gravity water container; and a sluice gate triggering device is arranged on the gravity water container in a matched manner. The potential energy converting device of the novel hydraulic piston pump, which is disclosed by the invention, has the advantages of reasonable design and simple and practical structure, and utilizes the gravity or buoyancy force of water with a certain water level difference to do work to increase the pressure intensity of fluid, thereby achieving the aims of water lifting, refrigeration, heating, power generation, and the like and serving the humankind.

Description

Novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device, particularly a kind of novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device.

Background technique

Existing reciprocating pump, such as rotary piston pump and reciprocating piston pump mostly drive by motor or bavin petrol engine, and also existing needs electricity consumption, uses wet goods deficiency, and gravity or buoyancy seldom can be utilized to drive, and in most of the cases, gravity or buoyancy are a kind of naturally driving sources.The mankind can utilize the acting of the gravitational potential energy of nature to carry out transformation of energy, as hydroelectric generator, but the machine generating that utilizes water for producing electric power, not only the impact of climate change greatly, and it is larger by the restriction in geographical position, therefore hydroelectric generator station can only be set up in minority, special region, and the cycle of building a station is long, costly, build up and also can produce certain adverse effect to geographical environment afterwards, and the electricity sent still needs high cost when carrying.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is the above-mentioned defect how overcoming prior art, provides a kind of novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device comprises piston pump mechanism, piston pump mechanism comprises cylinder body and piston, cylinder body is provided with fluid feed pipe and fluid discharge nozzle, and fluid feed pipe and fluid discharge nozzle are equipped with one-way valve, among both cylinder body and piston, fix for one, for fixed piston part, another does straight reciprocating motion, for movable piston part, it is characterized in that: it also comprises gravitational water container and resetting means, gravitational water container top opening, opening can be the complete opening in top, also can be open an osculum on top cover, and this osculum is connected with water injecting pipe by flexible pipe, wherein between gravitational water container with movable piston part by stay cord or/and connecting rod is connected, water injecting pipe and valve is provided with above gravitational water container, gravitational water container has water outlet, and be provided with gate, and be furnished with gate flip flop equipment,

When gravitational water container arrives top dead center, water injecting pipe is intake to gravitational water container, then gravitational water container is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the part potential energy of gravitational water container and internal water is the potential energy of resetting means, and part potential energy driven plunger pump operates; In the descending process of gravitational water container, when gate comes downwards to the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment in company with gravitational water container, gate opening, gravitational water internal tank water is released; When gravitational water container comes downwards to lower dead center, the potential energy release of resetting means, driven plunger pump operates, and impel gravitational water container to rise, in gravitational water container uphill process, when gate is up in company with gravitational water container, and depart from the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment, gate is closed under gravity, when continuing to rise to top dead center, enters next circulation;

During piston pump mechanism running, suck or extrude working fluid, wherein working fluid can be water, air or other liquid or gas.

Design like this, can realize the gravity acting utilizing the water with certain water-head, makes, from the low-pressure fluid of fluid feed pipe by becoming high-pressure liquid after transformation of energy, to discharge from fluid discharge nozzle, thus realize water lift, freeze, heat, the object such as generating.

As optimization, described gate is provided with an overhanging baffle plate, and described gate flip flop equipment is the fixed plate being arranged on relevant position below baffle plate, and baffle plate and fixed plate form gate flip flop equipment jointly.Design like this, can realize gate and open and close automatically.

As optimization, there is a spacing stay cord in described gate system, and the stay cord the other end is fixed, and this stay cord forms described gate flip flop equipment.Design like this, can realize gate and open and close automatically.

As optimization, described water outlet is arranged on gravitational water container bottom, and this water outlet is provided with seben, this seben center is provided with push rod, and this push rod stretches out downwards outside gravitational water container, arranges fixed plate below push rod, seben is also provided with Returnning spring, and seben is pressed on water outlet by Returnning spring.Design like this, seben resetting means can realize seben and automatically reset.

As optimization, described resetting means is Returnning spring.Design like this, resetting means can realize automatically reseting.

As optimization, described resetting means comprises one or more balancing weight, and each balancing weight is fixed on one end of a stay cord, after the other end of stay cord strides across one or more pulley, is fixed on gravitational water container.Design like this, resetting means can realize automatically reseting.

As optimization, cylinder body is divided into cup and rear room by described piston, and described fluid feed pipe is provided with two unidirectional feeding valves, communicates respectively with cup and rear room; Described fluid discharge nozzle is provided with two unidirectional discharging valves, communicates respectively with cup and rear room.Design like this, can realize two-way work doing.

As optimization, described piston is fixed with connecting rod, described balancing weight is arranged on connection masthead, and gravitational water container is connected with connecting rod by stay cord, balancing weight.

As optimization, described piston is movable piston part, and piston is provided with connecting rod, and this connecting rod is by a linear bearing casing pipe sleeve on a lever, and this lever front end is hinged fixing, and rear end is fixed on gravitational water container by another connecting rod.Design like this, can increase the stressed of movable piston part.

As optimization, described resetting means is buoyant device, this gravitational water container is arranged in a floating water container, water outlet on described gravitational water container and gate locating are in gravitational water container side, floating water container side wall is provided with large water outlet and large gate in contrast, water filling hole is provided with above floating water container, large gate top is provided with overhead gage, bottom is provided with lower pedal, described gate bottom is provided with baffle plate, described gravitational water container is provided with by baffle plate, on large gate, side is provided with draw-in groove, draw-in groove extenal fixation has striker, this striker is furnished with Returnning spring, striker, Returnning spring and draw-in groove form large gate locking device,

When gravitational water container arrives top dead center, striker by large gate lock in opening state, anhydrous in floating water container, water injecting pipe is intake to bare weight power water container, then gravitational water container is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the potential energy driven plunger pump running of gravitational water container and internal water, in the descending process of gravitational water container, when baffle plate is pressed onto lower pedal, gate opening, gravitational water internal tank water is released, gravitational water container continues descending under gravity, when gate goes upward to by baffle plate, large gate is closed by stressed beginning, after striker is pushed back, large gate continues descending under gravity, finally large water outlet is closed, baffle plate is separated with lower pedal, gate is closed under deadweight, large gate is also closed under gravity, then, water filling hole adds water in floating water container, bare weight power water container is at floating function float downward, drive piston pump mechanism operates, when gravitational water container floats, when encountering overhead gage by baffle plate, under inertia and buoyancy double action, by large gate opening, water in floating water container will be released, and make striker snap in draw-in groove, make large gate lock in opening state, water injecting pipe is intake to gravitational water container simultaneously, enter next circulation.

Design like this, can realize utilizing the gravity of water and buoyancy to do work and then obtain more multi-energy and carry out lifting fluid pressure.

Novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy apparatus design of the present invention is reasonable, simple and practical, utilize the gravity or buoyancy acting with the water of certain water-head, make from the low-pressure fluid of fluid feed pipe by becoming high-pressure liquid after transformation of energy, discharge from fluid discharge nozzle, thus realize water lift, freeze, heat, the object such as generating, be mankind's services.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device of the present invention is described further:

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the mode of execution one of this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the mode of execution two of this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the mode of execution three of this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the mode of execution four of this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the mode of execution five of this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the mode of execution six of this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device.

In figure: 1 is cylinder body, 2 is piston, 3 is connecting rod, 31 is Returnning spring, 32 is linear bearing sleeve pipe, 33 is lever, 4 is fluid feed pipe, 41 is unidirectional feeding valve, 5 is fluid discharge nozzle, 51 is unidirectional discharging valve, 6 is gravity water container, 61 is water injecting pipe, 62 is water outlet, 63 is gate, 64 is fixed plate, 65 is baffle plate, 66 is push rod, 67 for being subject to baffle plate, 7 is stay cord, 8 is balancing weight, 9 is floating water container, 91 is water filling hole, 92 is large water outlet, 93 is large gate, 94 is overhead gage, 95 is lower pedal, 96 is draw-in groove, 97 is striker, 10 is fluid, A is top dead center, B is lower dead center.

Embodiment

Mode of execution one: as shown in Figure 1, this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device comprises piston pump mechanism, piston pump mechanism comprises cylinder body 1 and piston 2, cylinder body 1 is provided with fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5, and fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5 are equipped with one-way valve, among both cylinder body 1 and piston 2, fix for one, for fixed piston part, another does straight reciprocating motion, for movable piston part, it is characterized in that: it also comprises gravitational water container 6 and resetting means, wherein be connected by stay cord 7 between gravitational water container 6 with movable piston part, water injecting pipe 61 and valve is provided with above gravitational water container 6, gravitational water container 6 has water outlet 62, and be provided with gate 63, and be furnished with gate flip flop equipment,

When gravitational water container 6 arrives top dead center A, water injecting pipe 61 is intake to gravitational water container 6, then gravitational water container 6 is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the part potential energy of gravitational water container 6 and internal water is the potential energy of the piston 2 of resetting means-namely, and part potential energy driven plunger pump operates; In the descending process of gravitational water container 6, when gate 63 comes downwards to the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment in company with gravitational water container 6, gate 63 is opened, and gravitational water container 6 internal water is released; When gravitational water container 6 comes downwards to lower dead center B, the potential energy release of resetting means, driven plunger pump operates, and impel gravitational water container 6 to rise, in gravitational water container 6 uphill process, when gate 63 is up in company with gravitational water container 6, and depart from the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment, gate 63 is closed under gravity, when continuing to rise to top dead center A, enters next circulation;

During piston pump mechanism running, suck or extrude working fluid 10, wherein working fluid 10 can be water, air or other liquid or gas.

Described gate 63 is provided with an overhanging baffle plate 65, and described gate flip flop equipment is the fixed plate 64 being arranged on relevant position below baffle plate 65, and baffle plate 65 and fixed plate 64 be composition gate flip flop equipment jointly.

Described resetting means comprises a piston 2, and described piston 2, for having the object of constant weight, has balancing weight function concurrently.Described piston 2 is fixed on one end of a stay cord 7, after the other end of stay cord 7 strides across two pulleys, is fixed on gravitational water container 6.

Mode of execution two: as shown in Figure 2: this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device comprises piston pump mechanism, piston pump mechanism comprises cylinder body 1 and piston 2, cylinder body 1 is provided with fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5, and fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5 are equipped with one-way valve, among both cylinder body 1 and piston 2, fix for one, for fixed piston part, another does straight reciprocating motion, for movable piston part, it is characterized in that: it also comprises gravitational water container 6 and resetting means, wherein be connected by stay cord 7 and connecting rod 3 between gravitational water container 6 with movable piston part, water injecting pipe 61 and valve is provided with above gravitational water container 6, gravitational water container 6 has water outlet 62, and be provided with gate 63, and be furnished with gate flip flop equipment,

When gravitational water container 6 arrives top dead center A, water injecting pipe 61 is intake to gravitational water container 6, then gravitational water container 6 is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the part potential energy of gravitational water container 6 and internal water is the potential energy of resetting means, and part potential energy driven plunger pump operates; In the descending process of gravitational water container 6, when gate 63 comes downwards to the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment in company with gravitational water container 6, gate 63 is opened, and gravitational water container 6 internal water is released; When gravitational water container 6 comes downwards to lower dead center B, the potential energy release of resetting means, driven plunger pump operates, and impel gravitational water container 6 to rise, in gravitational water container 6 uphill process, when gate 63 is up in company with gravitational water container 6, and depart from the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment, gate 63 is closed under gravity, when continuing to rise to top dead center A, enters next circulation;

During piston pump mechanism running, suck or extrude working fluid 10, wherein working fluid 10 can be water, air or other liquid or gas.

Described gate 63 is provided with an overhanging baffle plate 65, and described gate flip flop equipment is the fixed plate 64 being arranged on relevant position below baffle plate, and baffle plate 65 and fixed plate 64 be composition gate flip flop equipment jointly.

Described piston 2 is fixed with connecting rod 3, and described balancing weight 8 is arranged on connecting rod 3 and pushes up, and gravitational water container 6 is connected with connecting rod 3 by stay cord 7, balancing weight 8.

Cylinder body 1 is divided into cup and rear room by described piston 2, and described fluid feed pipe 4 is provided with two unidirectional feeding valves 41, communicates respectively with cup and rear room; Described fluid discharge nozzle 5 is provided with two unidirectional discharging valves 51, communicates respectively with cup and rear room.

Mode of execution three: as shown in Figure 3, this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device comprises piston pump mechanism, piston pump mechanism comprises cylinder body 1 and piston 2, cylinder body 1 is provided with fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5, and fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5 are equipped with one-way valve, among both cylinder body 1 and piston 2, fix for one, for fixed piston part, another does straight reciprocating motion, for movable piston part, it is characterized in that: it also comprises gravitational water container 6 and resetting means, wherein be connected by connecting rod 3 between gravitational water container 6 with movable piston part, water injecting pipe 61 and valve is provided with above gravitational water container 6, gravitational water container 6 has water outlet 62, and be provided with gate 63, and be furnished with gate flip flop equipment,

When gravitational water container 6 arrives top dead center A, water injecting pipe 61 is intake to gravitational water container 6, then gravitational water container 6 is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the part potential energy of gravitational water container 6 and internal water is the potential energy of resetting means, and part potential energy driven plunger pump operates; In the descending process of gravitational water container 6, when gate 63 comes downwards to the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment in company with gravitational water container 6, gate 63 is opened, and gravitational water container 6 internal water is released; When gravitational water container 6 comes downwards to lower dead center B, the potential energy release of resetting means, driven plunger pump operates, and impel gravitational water container 6 to rise, in gravitational water container 6 uphill process, when gate 63 is up in company with gravitational water container 6, and depart from the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment, gate 63 is closed under gravity, when continuing to rise to top dead center A, enters next circulation;

During piston pump mechanism running, suck or extrude working fluid 10, wherein working fluid 10 can be water, air or other liquid or gas.

Described gate 63 is provided with an overhanging baffle plate 65, and described baffle plate 65 is have a spacing stay cord 7, and stay cord 7 the other end is fixed, and this stay cord 7 forms described gate flip flop equipment.

Described resetting means comprises two balancing weights 8, and each balancing weight 8 is fixed on one end of a stay cord 7, after the other end of stay cord 7 strides across a pulley, is fixed on gravitational water container 6.

Mode of execution four: as shown in Figure 4: this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device comprises piston pump mechanism, piston pump mechanism comprises cylinder body 1 and piston 2, cylinder body 1 is provided with fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5, and fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5 are equipped with one-way valve, among both cylinder body 1 and piston 2, fix for one, for fixed piston part, another does straight reciprocating motion, for movable piston part, it is characterized in that: it also comprises gravitational water container 6 and resetting means, wherein be connected by connecting rod 3 between gravitational water container 6 with movable piston part, water injecting pipe 61 and valve is provided with above gravitational water container 6, gravitational water container 6 has water outlet 62, and be provided with gate 63, and be furnished with gate flip flop equipment,

When gravitational water container 6 arrives top dead center A, water injecting pipe 61 is intake to gravitational water container 6, then gravitational water container 6 is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the part potential energy of gravitational water container 6 and internal water is the potential energy of resetting means, and part potential energy driven plunger pump operates; In the descending process of gravitational water container 6, when gate 63 comes downwards to the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment in company with gravitational water container 6, gate 63 is opened, and gravitational water container 6 internal water is released; When gravitational water container 6 comes downwards to lower dead center B, the potential energy release of resetting means, driven plunger pump operates, and impel gravitational water container 6 to rise, in gravitational water container 6 uphill process, when gate 63 is up in company with gravitational water container 6, and depart from the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment, gate 63 is closed under gravity, when continuing to rise to top dead center A, enters next circulation;

During piston pump mechanism running, suck or extrude working fluid 10, wherein working fluid 10 can be water, air or other liquid or gas.

Described gate 63 is provided with an overhanging baffle plate 65, and described gate flip flop equipment is the fixed plate 64 being arranged on relevant position below baffle plate 65, and baffle plate 65 and fixed plate 64 be composition gate flip flop equipment jointly.

Described resetting means comprises two balancing weights 8, and each balancing weight 8 is fixed on one end of a stay cord 7, after the other end of stay cord 7 strides across a pulley, is fixed on gravitational water container 6.

Described piston 2 is movable piston part, and piston 2 is provided with connecting rod 3, and this connecting rod 3 is enclosed within a lever 33 by a linear bearing sleeve pipe 32, and this lever 33 front end is hinged fixing, and rear end is fixed on gravitational water container 6 by another connecting rod 3.

Mode of execution five: as shown in Figure 5: this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device comprises piston pump mechanism, piston pump mechanism comprises cylinder body 1 and piston 2, cylinder body 1 is provided with fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5, and fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5 are equipped with one-way valve, among both cylinder body 1 and piston 2, fix for one, for fixed piston part, another does straight reciprocating motion, for movable piston part, it is characterized in that: it also comprises gravitational water container 6 and resetting means, wherein be connected by connecting rod 3 between gravitational water container 6 with movable piston part, water injecting pipe 61 and valve is provided with above gravitational water container 6, gravitational water container 6 has water outlet 62, and be provided with gate 63, and be furnished with gate flip flop equipment,

When gravitational water container 6 arrives top dead center A, water injecting pipe 61 is intake to gravitational water container 6, then gravitational water container 6 is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the part potential energy of gravitational water container 6 and internal water is the potential energy of resetting means, and part potential energy driven plunger pump operates; In the descending process of gravitational water container 6, when gate 63 and push rod 67 to come downwards to the trigger point fixed plate 64 of gate flip flop equipment in company with gravitational water container 6, water outlet 62 is opened, and gravitational water container 6 internal water is released; When gravitational water container 6 comes downwards to lower dead center B, the potential energy release of resetting means, driven plunger pump operates, and impel gravitational water container 6 to rise, in gravitational water container 6 uphill process, when gate 63 and push rod 67 up in company with gravitational water container 6, and when departing from the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment, gate 63 is closed under the effect of Returnning spring 31 elastic force, when continuing to rise to top dead center A, enters next circulation;

During piston pump mechanism running, suck or extrude working fluid 10, wherein working fluid 10 can be water, air or other liquid or gas.

Described water outlet 62 is arranged on bottom gravitational water container 6, described gate 63 is seben formula gate, this seben formula gate center is provided with push rod 66, this push rod 66 stretches out outside gravitational water container 6 downwards, fixed plate 64 is set below push rod 66, and be furnished with Returnning spring 31, seben formula gate is pressed on water outlet by Returnning spring 31.

Described resetting means is Returnning spring 31, and piston 2 is provided with connecting rod 3, and this Returnning spring 31 is enclosed within connecting rod 3, and its upper and lower end is against on piston 2 and cylinder body 1 respectively.

Mode of execution six: as shown in Figure 6: this novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device comprises piston pump mechanism, piston pump mechanism comprises cylinder body 1 and piston 2, cylinder body 1 is provided with fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5, and fluid feed pipe 4 and fluid discharge nozzle 5 are equipped with one-way valve, among both cylinder body 1 and piston 2, fix for one, for fixed piston part, another does straight reciprocating motion, for movable piston part, it is characterized in that: it also comprises gravitational water container 6 and resetting means, wherein be connected by connecting rod 3 between gravitational water container 6 with movable piston part, water injecting pipe 61 and valve is provided with above gravitational water container 6, gravitational water container 6 has water outlet 62, and be provided with gate 63, and be furnished with gate flip flop equipment,

When gravitational water container 6 arrives top dead center A, water injecting pipe 61 is intake to gravitational water container 6, then gravitational water container 6 is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drives piston pump mechanism running, whole potential energy driven plunger pumps runnings of gravitational water container 6 and internal water, in the descending process of gravitational water container 6, when gate 63 is descending in company with gravitational water container 6, when baffle plate 65 is pressed onto lower pedal 95, gate 63 is opened, and gravitational water container 6 internal water is released, gravitational water container 6 continues descending under gravity, when gate 63 goes upward to by baffle plate 67, large gate 93 is closed by stressed beginning, after striker 97 is pushed back, large gate 93 continues descending under gravity, finally large water outlet 92 is closed, baffle plate 65 is separated with lower pedal 95, gate 63 is closing from gravity ShiShimonoseki, large gate 93 is also closed under gravity, then, water filling hole 91 adds water in floating water container 9, bare weight power water container 6 is at floating function float downward, drive piston pump mechanism operates, when gravitational water container 6 continues to rise to top dead center A, namely when gravitational water container 6 floats to and encounters overhead gage 94 by baffle plate 67, under inertia and buoyancy double action, large gate 93 is opened, water in floating water container 9 will be released, and make striker 97 snap in draw-in groove 96, large gate 93 is made to be locked in opening state, water injecting pipe 61 is intake to bare weight power water container 6 simultaneously, enter next circulation.

During piston pump mechanism running, suck or extrude working fluid 10, wherein working fluid 10 can be water, air or other liquid or gas.

Described gravitational water container 6 top is provided with by baffle plate 67, and described gate 63 is provided with an overhanging baffle plate 65.

Cylinder body 1 is divided into cup and rear room by described piston 2, and described fluid feed pipe 4 is provided with two unidirectional feeding valves 41, communicates respectively with cup and rear room; Described fluid discharge nozzle 5 is provided with two unidirectional discharging valves 51, communicates respectively with cup and rear room.

Described resetting means is buoyant device, this gravitational water container 6 is arranged in a floating water container 9, water outlet 62 on described gravitational water container 6 and gate 63 are arranged on gravitational water container 6 side, floating water container 9 sidewall is provided with large water outlet 92 and large gate 93 in contrast, water filling hole 91 is provided with above floating water container 9, large gate 93 top is provided with overhead gage 94, bottom is provided with lower pedal 95, described gate 63 bottom is provided with baffle plate 65, gravitational water upper vessel portion is provided with by baffle plate 67, on large gate 93, side is provided with draw-in groove 96, draw-in groove 96 extenal fixation has striker 97, this striker 97 is furnished with Returnning spring 31, striker 97, Returnning spring 31 and draw-in groove 96 form large gate locking device,

When gravitational water container 6 arrives top dead center A, large gate 93 is locked in opening state by striker 97, anhydrous in floating water container 9, water injecting pipe 61 is intake to bare weight power water container 6, then gravitational water container 6 is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the potential energy driven plunger pump running of gravitational water container 6 and internal water, in the descending process of gravitational water container 6, when baffle plate 65 is pressed onto lower pedal 95, gate 63 is opened, and gravitational water container 6 internal water is released, gravitational water container 6 continues descending under gravity, when gate 63 rises to by baffle plate 67, large gate 93 is closed by stressed beginning, after striker 97 is pushed back, large gate 93 continues descending under gravity, finally large water outlet 92 is closed, baffle plate 65 is separated with lower pedal 95, gravitational water container gate 63 is closed, large gate 93 is also closed under gravity, then, water filling hole 91 adds water in floating water container 9, bare weight power water container 6 is at floating function float downward, drive piston pump mechanism operates, when gravitational water container 6 floats, when encountering overhead gage 94 by baffle plate 67, under inertia and buoyancy double action, large gate 93 is opened, water in floating water container 9 will be released, and make striker 97 snap in draw-in groove 96, large gate 93 is made to be locked in opening state, water injecting pipe 91 is intake to gravitational water container 6 simultaneously, enter next circulation.

The present invention can be widely used in absorption and the utilization of the energy of low water level difference water.When not departing from inventive concept, all application specification of the present invention and accompanying drawing content and the various equivalence changes done, all reason is with being contained within the scope of claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device, comprise piston pump mechanism, piston pump mechanism comprises cylinder body and piston, cylinder body is provided with fluid feed pipe and fluid discharge nozzle, and fluid feed pipe and fluid discharge nozzle are equipped with one-way valve, among both cylinder body and piston, fix for one, for fixed piston part, another does straight reciprocating motion, for movable piston part, it is characterized in that: it also comprises gravitational water container and resetting means, wherein between gravitational water container with movable piston part by stay cord or/and connecting rod is connected, water injecting pipe and valve is provided with above gravitational water container, gravitational water container has water outlet, and be provided with gate, and be furnished with gate flip flop equipment,
When gravitational water container arrives top dead center, water injecting pipe is intake to gravitational water container, then gravitational water container is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the part potential energy of gravitational water container and internal water is the potential energy of resetting means, and part potential energy driven plunger pump operates; In the descending process of gravitational water container, when gate comes downwards to the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment in company with gravitational water container, gate opening, gravitational water internal tank water is released; When gravitational water container comes downwards to lower dead center, the potential energy release of resetting means, driven plunger pump operates, and impel gravitational water container to rise, in gravitational water container uphill process, when gate is up in company with gravitational water container, and depart from the trigger point of gate flip flop equipment, closing gate, when continuing to rise to top dead center, enters next circulation.
2. novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described gate is provided with an overhanging baffle plate, described gate flip flop equipment is the fixed plate being arranged on relevant position below baffle plate, and baffle plate and fixed plate form gate flip flop equipment jointly.
3. novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: there is a spacing stay cord in described gate system, and the stay cord the other end is fixed, this stay cord forms described gate flip flop equipment.
4. novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described water outlet is arranged on gravitational water container bottom, this water outlet is provided with gate, described gate is seben formula gate, this seben formula gate center is provided with push rod, and this push rod stretches out downwards outside gravitational water container, arranges fixed plate below push rod, and be furnished with Returnning spring, seben formula gate is pressed on water outlet by Returnning spring.
5., according to the arbitrary described novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device of Claims 1-4, it is characterized in that: described resetting means is Returnning spring.
6. according to the arbitrary described novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device of Claims 1-4, it is characterized in that: described resetting means comprises one or more balancing weight, each balancing weight is fixed on one end of a stay cord, after the other end of stay cord strides across one or more pulley, be fixed on gravitational water container.
7. novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: cylinder body is divided into cup and rear room by described piston, described fluid feed pipe is provided with two unidirectional feeding valves, communicates respectively with cup and rear room; Described fluid discharge nozzle is provided with two unidirectional discharging valves, communicates respectively with cup and rear room.
8. novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described piston is fixed with connecting rod, described balancing weight is arranged on connection masthead, and gravitational water container is connected with connecting rod by stay cord, balancing weight.
9. novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described piston is movable piston part, piston is provided with connecting rod, this connecting rod passes through a linear bearing casing pipe sleeve on a lever, this lever front end is hinged fixing, and rear end is fixed on gravitational water container by another connecting rod.
10. according to the arbitrary described novel hydropower reciprocating pump potential energy converting and energy device of claim 1 to 2, it is characterized in that: described resetting means is buoyant device, this gravitational water container is arranged in a floating water container, water outlet on described gravitational water container and gate locating are in gravitational water container side, floating water container side wall is provided with large water outlet and large gate in contrast, water filling hole is provided with above floating water container, large gate top is provided with overhead gage, bottom is provided with lower pedal, described gate bottom is provided with baffle plate, described gravitational water upper vessel portion is provided with by baffle plate, on large gate, side is provided with draw-in groove, draw-in groove extenal fixation has striker, this striker is furnished with Returnning spring, striker, Returnning spring and draw-in groove form large gate locking device,
When gravitational water container arrives top dead center, striker by large gate lock in opening state, anhydrous in floating water container, water injecting pipe is intake to bare weight power water container, then gravitational water container is descending under the Action of Gravity Field of itself and internal water, drive piston pump mechanism operates, the potential energy driven plunger pump running of gravitational water container and internal water, in the descending process of gravitational water container, when baffle plate is pressed onto lower pedal, gate opening, gravitational water internal tank water is released, gravitational water container continues descending under gravity, when gate goes upward to by baffle plate, large gate is closed by stressed beginning, after striker is pushed back, large gate continues descending under gravity, finally large water outlet is closed, baffle plate is separated with lower pedal, gate is closed under deadweight, large gate is also closed under gravity, then, water filling hole adds water in floating water container, bare weight power water container is at floating function float downward, drive piston pump mechanism operates, when gravitational water container floats, when encountering overhead gage by baffle plate, under inertia and buoyancy double action, by large gate opening, water in floating water container will be released, and make striker snap in draw-in groove, make large gate lock in opening state, water injecting pipe is intake to gravitational water container simultaneously, enter next circulation.
CN201210291785.3A 2012-08-16 2012-08-16 Potential energy converting device of novel hydraulic piston pump CN102797649B (en)

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CN102943506B (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-07-23 陈郁传 Automatic water pumping machine
CN104612935B (en) * 2015-01-16 2017-03-08 王仪靖 One kind helps the high-lift efficient liquid pumping installations of floating hoisting type Large Copacity
WO2017186193A1 (en) * 2016-04-27 2017-11-02 Quevedo Bonilla Carlos Andrés Hydrodynamic thrust and gravity motor and method for generating movement from the motor
CN106762354A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-05-31 张金强 Hydraulic Circulation kinematic system
CN107693817B (en) * 2017-11-09 2020-04-28 寇晋丽 Medical instrument soaking pool
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