CN102794148A - Automatically-controlled steam heating reaction kettle - Google Patents

Automatically-controlled steam heating reaction kettle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102794148A
CN102794148A CN201210250286XA CN201210250286A CN102794148A CN 102794148 A CN102794148 A CN 102794148A CN 201210250286X A CN201210250286X A CN 201210250286XA CN 201210250286 A CN201210250286 A CN 201210250286A CN 102794148 A CN102794148 A CN 102794148A
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China
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connected
valve
control
heating
temperature
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CN201210250286XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王凤云
张胜
张素强
游友华
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江苏中旗作物保护股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201210250286XA priority Critical patent/CN102794148A/en
Publication of CN102794148A publication Critical patent/CN102794148A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an automatically-controlled steam heating reaction kettle. The existing steam heating reaction kettle is difficult in temperature regulation and control, thus being limited to a certain extent in application. The automatically-controlled steam heating reaction kettle disclosed by the invention comprises a kettle body (16), wherein a stirrer (17) is installed in the kettle body; a heating jacket (18) is arranged at the middle of the kettle wall of the kettle body; the heating jacket is connected with a hot steam generator (20) via a pipeline (19); a gate valve (5), a regulation valve (6) and a pressure sensor (15) are installed on the pipeline between the heating jacket and the hot steam generator; the regulation valve is connected with an electromagnetic control switch (14); a temperature sensor (4) is arranged in the kettle body; and the gate valve, the regulation valve, the temperature sensor and the electromagnetic control switch are connected with a controller. The automatically-controlled steam heating reaction kettle disclosed by the invention is used for chemical reactions.

Description

自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜 Automatically controlled steam heating reactor

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及一种化工器械,具体涉及一种自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜。 [0001] The present invention relates to a chemical apparatus, particularly relates to an automatic control of the steam heating kettle.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 蒸汽加热反应釜广泛的应用于医药、化工、塑料、橡胶、建材、食品等行业,具有加热迅速、耐高温、耐腐蚀、无环境污染、无需锅炉自动加温、使用方便等特点。 [0002] steam-heated autoclave reactor is widely used in medicine, chemicals, plastics, rubber, building materials, food industry, with rapid heating, high temperature, corrosion, no environmental pollution, without automatic heating boilers, easy to use features.

[0003] 现有的蒸汽加热反应釜温度调控困难,使其应用收到了一定的限制。 [0003] the existing steam heating reactor temperature control is difficult, so that the application received a certain limit.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的是针对上述存在的问题提供一种自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,可以在升降温程序上可作精细的调节与控制,以提高产品质量,降低成本,实现全自动化生产,大大提闻生广效率。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide an automatic control for the above-described problem of steam heating reactor, it can be made with a fine adjustment control on the heating and cooling process to improve product quality, reduce the cost, fully automated production , greatly improving the efficiency Wensheng wide.

[0005] 上述的目的通过以下技术方案实现: [0005] The above object is achieved by the following technical solution:

自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,包括釜体,所述的釜体里面安装搅拌器,所述的釜体的釜壁中间具有加热夹套,所述的加热夹套通过管道连接热蒸汽发生器,所述的加热夹套与所述的热蒸汽发生器之间的管道上安装闸阀和调节阀和压力传感器,所述的调节阀连接电磁控制开关,所述的釜体里面设置温度传感器,所述的闸阀、调节阀、温度传感器、电磁控制开关都与控制器连接。 Automatically controlled steam heating reactor, comprising a vessel body, the inside of the kettle fitted with a stirrer, an intermediate wall of the kettle body vessel having a heating jacket, said heating jacket is connected to the steam generator through the heat pipe, the installation of pipes between the heating jacket and the heat recovery steam generator gate valve and a regulating valve and a pressure sensor, said solenoid control valve connected to the control switch, the temperature sensor inside the reactor body, the valve, control valve, a temperature sensor, an electromagnetic control switch are connected to the controller.

[0006] 所述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,所述的控制器包括中心控制单元PLC,所述的中心控制单元PLC连接触摸屏和温控表,所述的温控表分别连接所述的温度传感器、闸阀和调节阀,所述的中心控制单元PLC包括电源、CPU及其与之连接的开关量输入单元、开关量输出单元和模拟量输入单元,所述的开关量输入单元连接输入开关信号,所述的开关量输出单元连接中间继电器,所述的中间继电器连接所述的电磁阀控制开关,所述的模拟量输入单元连接所述的压力传感器。 Automatic control of the steam [0006] The reactor is heated, said central control unit comprises a PLC controller, said central control unit connected to the touch screen and PLC temperature controller, the temperature controller connected to said a temperature sensor, and a control valve valve, said central control unit comprises a PLC power supply, CPU, and with means connected to the digital input, digital output and analog input unit means, said switch means connects the input switch inputs signal, the output switching unit connecting the intermediate relay, the relay connected to said solenoid valve control switch, the analog input connected to said pressure sensor unit.

[0007] 所述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,所述的搅拌器为板框式搅拌器或者螺旋形搅拌器或者叶片式搅拌器。 [0007] automatic control of the steam heating the reactor, the agitator is a plate and frame, or spiral agitator or agitator blade mixer.

[0008] 所述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,所述的温控表采用欧陆2404型温控表。 [0008] automatic control of the steam heating the reactor, the temperature controller of the temperature control table 2404 as continental.

[0009] 所述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,所述的釜体上具有观察窗。 [0009] automatic control of the steam heating the autoclave, having a viewing window on the body of the kettle.

[0010] 有益效果: [0010] beneficial effects:

I.本发明采用温控表对温度进行PID控制,通过对温控表各阶段参数的设置,可以对温度各阶段的控制更精确。 I. The present invention uses temperature table temperature PID control by setting the parameters of the temperature controller of each stage, the temperature of each stage can be controlled more accurately.

[0011] 2 .本发明在控制系统中使用了欧陆2404型温控表,实现了PID的自动调节,使升温过程无过冲,加温过程更加稳定。 [0011] 2. The present invention used in the control system of the European type temperature controller 2404, to achieve automatic adjustment of the PID, so that no overshoot heating process, the heating process is more stable.

[0012] 3 .本发明通过触屏的控制可以使操作者对加热过程有更直观的了解,更加方便的进行操作。 [0012] 3. The present invention allows the operator to control the touchscreen by a more intuitive understanding of the heating process, more convenient to operate. 操作简单,使用方便,提高工作效率。 Simple, easy to use, improve work efficiency.

[0013] 4.本发明的釜体上设置了观察窗,便于观察釜体内的反应状况。 [0013] provided on the vessel body 4. The observation window according to the present invention, the reaction conditions to facilitate observation of the kettle body. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 附图I是本产品的结构示意图。 [0014] FIG. I is a schematic view of the present product.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式,进一步阐明本发明。 [0015] accompanying drawings and the following detailed description, illustrate the invention further.

[0016] 实施例I : [0016] Example I:

如附图I所示:本发明的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,包括釜体16,所述的釜体里面安装搅拌器17,所述的釜体的釜壁中间具有加热夹套18,所述的加热夹套通过管道19连接热蒸汽发生器20,所述的加热夹套与所述的热蒸汽发生器之间的管道上安装闸阀5和调节阀6和压力传感器15,所述的调节阀连接电磁控制开关14,所述的釜体里面设置温度传感器4,所述的闸阀、调节阀、温度传感器、电磁控制开关都与控制器连接。 As shown in FIG. I: steam heating the autoclave the automatic control of the present invention, comprises a tank body 16, the inside of the kettle fitted with a stirrer 17, an intermediate wall of the vessel body of the kettle having a heating jacket 18, the 5 and a regulating valve 6 and a pressure sensor mounted on the conduit between the valve of said heating jacket heat steam generator 20 is connected via conduit 19, the heating jacket and the heat recovery steam generator 15, the adjustment a control valve connected to the electromagnetic switch 14 disposed inside of the kettle body 4, a temperature sensor of the valve, regulating valve, a temperature sensor, an electromagnetic control switch are connected to the controller. [0017] 实施例2: [0017] Example 2:

上述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应爸,所述的控制器包括中心控制单元PLC1,所述的中心控制单元PLC连接触摸屏2和温控表3,所述的温控表分别连接所述的温度传感器、闸阀和调节阀,所述的中心控制单元PLC包括电源7、CPU8及其与之连接的开关量输入单元9、开关量输出单元10和模拟量输入单元11,所述的开关量输入单元连接输入开关信号12,所述的开关量输出单元连接中间继电器13,所述的中间继电器连接所述的电磁阀控制开关14,所述的模拟量输入单元连接所述的压力传感器。 Steam heating the reaction Dad automatic control, the controller comprising a central control unit of the PLC 1, PLC said central control unit and a temperature controller connected to the touch screen 2 in Table 3, the temperature sensor of the temperature controller are connected , valve and control valve, said central control unit comprises a PLC power supply 7, CPU8 and switch input unit 9 connected thereto, the switching unit 10 and outputs the analog input unit 11, the switch input unit is connected input switch signal 12, the output switching unit 13 connects the intermediate relay, the relay connected to said solenoid valve control switch 14, the analog input connected to said pressure sensor unit.

[0018] 实施例3: [0018] Example 3:

上述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,所述的搅拌器为板框式搅拌器或者螺旋形搅拌器或者叶片式搅拌器。 Steam heating the automatic control of the reactor, the agitator is a plate and frame, or spiral agitator or agitator blade mixer.

[0019] 实施例4: [0019] Example 4:

上述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,所述的温控表采用欧陆2404型温控表。 Automatically controlled steam heating reactor described above, the temperature control temperature control table 2404 using the continental table.

[0020] 实施例5 : [0020] Example 5:

上述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,所述的釜体上具有观察窗21。 Steam heating the automatic control of the reactor, an observation window 21 on the vessel body.

[0021] 控制过程: [0021] Control Process:

本发明的中心控制单元PLC按照已经编写好的程序,并通过触屏对其进行设定参数和发送控制信号,通过PLC的输出口向阀门发出控制信号,并向欧陆2404型温控表传送数据,最终通过PLC和欧陆2404型温控表控制电磁阀阀门的开关和调节阀阀门的开度。 Central to the invention the control unit in accordance with PLC program already written, and set the parameters and transmits a control signal via its touchscreen, sends control signals to the valve outlet through the PLC, and European-type temperature controller 2404 to transmit data , and finally by PLC 2404 continental temperature control meter control valve solenoid switching valve and adjusting the opening degree of the valve. 一方面通过触屏对PLC发送控制信号控制电磁阀阀门的开关,另一方面在触屏上对欧陆2404型温控表的一些量进行设置之后通过PLC传送给欧陆2404型温控表,欧陆2404温控表再根据温度传感器传送回来的实时温度和设定的值进行自动的PID调节从而进行对调节阀阀门开度的控制。 After sending a control signal to control an aspect of solenoid valves switch the PLC across the touch screen, on the other hand from setting the amount of the temperature controller of the European 2404-type on the touch screen is transmitted to the PLC 2404 Continental type temperature controller, 2404 Continental temperature controller then automatically adjusted to the PID controlling the valve opening degree of the control valve according to the temperature sensor and transmitted back to the real-time temperature set. 在进行PID控制时PID调节的控制进蒸汽量的调节阀和控制出蒸汽量的调节阀两个阀的开度是互补的,即两个的开度加到一起是百分之百。 PID control is performed PID regulator controlling the intake amount of steam regulating valve and an opening degree controlling the amount of steam control valve both valves are complementary, i.e., opening degree are added together two hundred percent. 而且欧陆2404型温控表只能控制一个调节阀阀门,另一个调节阀阀门的开度是根据被控制的阀门的开度进行自动调节的。 2404 and European table can control a temperature control valve regulating valve, another adjustment valve opening degree of the valve is automatically adjusted according to the degree of opening of the valve is controlled. 在进行控制时又可分为自动、手动和分段三种形式。 It can be divided into the time of controlling the automatic, manual segmentation and three forms.

[0022] 通过上述的说明内容,相关工作人员完全可以在不偏离本项发明技术思想的范围内,进行多样的变更以及修改。 [0022] Through the above described content, relevant staff can without departing from the scope of the technical ideas of the present inventions, a variety of changes and modifications. 本项发明的技术性范围并不局限于说明书上的内容。 Technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content item on the instructions. 本发明的未尽事宜,属于本领域技术人员的公知常识。 Outstanding issues present invention belongs to the public knowledge in the art in the art.

Claims (5)

1. ー种自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,包括釜体,所述的釜体里面安装搅拌器,其特征是:所述的釜体的釜壁中间具有加热夹套,所述的加热夹套通过管道连接热蒸汽发生器,所述的加热夹套与所述的热蒸汽发生器之间的管道上安装闸阀和调节阀和压カ传感器,所述的调节阀连接电磁控制开关,所述的釜体里面设置温度传感器,所述的闸阀、调节阀、温度传感器、电磁控制开关都与控制器连接。 Steam heating reactor 1. ー kinds of automatic control, comprising a vessel body, the inside of the kettle fitted with a stirrer, wherein: an intermediate wall of the kettle body vessel having a heating jacket, said heating jacket mounted on the pipe between the steam generator through a pipe connecting the heat, with the heating jacket of the steam generator heat and pressure valve and a regulating valve ka sensor, the regulating valve connected to an electromagnetic control switch, according to a temperature sensor disposed inside the tank body, the valve, regulating valve, a temperature sensor, an electromagnetic control switch are connected to the controller.
2.根据权利要求I所述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,其特征是:所述的控制器包括中心控制单元PLC,所述的中心控制单元PLC连接触摸屏和温控表,所述的温控表分别连接所述的温度传感器、闸阀和调节阀,所述的中心控制单元PLC包括电源、CPU及其与之连接的开关量输入单兀、开关量输出单兀和模拟量输入单兀,所述的开关量输入单兀连接输入开关信号,所述的开关量输出单元连接中间继电器,所述的中间继电器连接所述的电磁阀控制开关,所述的模拟量输入单元连接所述的压カ传感器。 Heating steam according to claim I of the automatic control of the reactor, characterized in that: said controller comprises a central control unit PLC, the PLC central control unit connected to the touch screen and temperature controller, said temperature control table respectively connected to said temperature sensor, and a control valve valve, said central control unit comprises a PLC power supply, CPU, and an input connected with a single switch Wu, Wu single switching output and analog input single Wu, analog input of the switching means input connected to the single input switch signal Wu, said switch means connected to the output relay, the relay connected to said solenoid valve control switch, is connected to the pressure of the ka sensor.
3.根据权利要求I或2所述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,其特征是:所述的搅拌器为板框式搅拌器或者螺旋形搅拌器或者叶片式搅拌器。 The steam heating or I 2 according to the automatic control reactor of claim, wherein: said mixer is a plate and frame, or spiral agitator or agitator blade mixer.
4.根据权利要求2所述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,其特征是:所述的温控表采用欧陆2404型温控表。 According to claim 2, the steam heating requirements of automatic control reactor, wherein: the temperature control temperature control table 2404 using the continental table.
5.根据权利要求I或2所述的自动控制的蒸汽加热反应釜,其特征是:所述的釜体上具有观察窗。 The steam heating or I 2 according to the automatic control reactor of claim, wherein: said observation window having a kettle body.
CN201210250286XA 2012-07-19 2012-07-19 Automatically-controlled steam heating reaction kettle CN102794148A (en)

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CN103263880A (en) * 2013-06-01 2013-08-28 张家港市宝田新型材料科技有限公司 Esterification reaction kettle
CN103316622A (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-09-25 确成硅化学股份有限公司 Reaction kettle and method for eliminating vibration of reaction kettle
CN103433266A (en) * 2013-03-31 2013-12-11 香港优华环保设备有限公司 Intelligent reaction kettle equipment system for industrial wastes
CN103623760A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-03-12 深圳格诺致锦科技发展有限公司 Reaction kettle for harmlessly processing animals, meat products and kitchen garbage
CN103706318A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-04-09 广州中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所分所 Laboratory intelligent response system and control method thereof
WO2017079955A1 (en) * 2015-11-09 2017-05-18 陕西科技大学 Composite material preparation system and method effectively improving composite material interface bonding
CN107138118A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-08 朱耿稳 A kind of multifunctional steam heating response kettle
CN108557293A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-09-21 营口康辉石化有限公司 Slurry tank with heating function

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CN201594198U (en) * 2009-10-21 2010-09-29 哈尔滨一道科技有限公司 Heating control device for internal curing of FRP pipelines
CN201659137U (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-12-01 中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所 Ectopic heat-strengthening extraction treatment device for contaminated soil

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CN201594198U (en) * 2009-10-21 2010-09-29 哈尔滨一道科技有限公司 Heating control device for internal curing of FRP pipelines
CN201659137U (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-12-01 中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所 Ectopic heat-strengthening extraction treatment device for contaminated soil

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103433266A (en) * 2013-03-31 2013-12-11 香港优华环保设备有限公司 Intelligent reaction kettle equipment system for industrial wastes
CN103263880A (en) * 2013-06-01 2013-08-28 张家港市宝田新型材料科技有限公司 Esterification reaction kettle
CN103316622A (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-09-25 确成硅化学股份有限公司 Reaction kettle and method for eliminating vibration of reaction kettle
CN103316622B (en) * 2013-07-04 2016-03-09 确成硅化学股份有限公司 Reactor, the method that reactor elimination is shaken
CN103623760A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-03-12 深圳格诺致锦科技发展有限公司 Reaction kettle for harmlessly processing animals, meat products and kitchen garbage
CN103706318A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-04-09 广州中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所分所 Laboratory intelligent response system and control method thereof
CN103706318B (en) * 2013-12-17 2016-02-24 广州中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所分所 Laboratory intelligent response system and control method thereof
WO2017079955A1 (en) * 2015-11-09 2017-05-18 陕西科技大学 Composite material preparation system and method effectively improving composite material interface bonding
US10493420B2 (en) 2015-11-09 2019-12-03 Shaanxi University Of Science & Technology Composite material preparation system and method effectively improving composite material interface bonding
CN107138118A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-08 朱耿稳 A kind of multifunctional steam heating response kettle
CN108557293A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-09-21 营口康辉石化有限公司 Slurry tank with heating function

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