CN102789588B - A kind of active radio frequency electronic license plate and vehicle management system for internet of things and implementation method - Google Patents

A kind of active radio frequency electronic license plate and vehicle management system for internet of things and implementation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102789588B
CN102789588B CN201210201258.9A CN201210201258A CN102789588B CN 102789588 B CN102789588 B CN 102789588B CN 201210201258 A CN201210201258 A CN 201210201258A CN 102789588 B CN102789588 B CN 102789588B
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vehicle
license plate
write
information
server
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CN201210201258.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102789588A (en
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孙建一
高洪云
姜华
郝新刚
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山东佳信自动化有限公司
孙建一
高洪云
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Priority to CN201210201258.9A priority patent/CN102789588B/en
Publication of CN102789588A publication Critical patent/CN102789588A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of active radio frequency electronic license plate and vehicle management system for internet of things and implementation method, storage unit in the MCU of electronic license plate is the wireless internal memory of MaxArias, power circuit is made up of battery and power control circuit, has a controllable electronic switch in power control circuit.Management system is by active radio frequency electronic license plate, car plate is wireless write device, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device, image identification system, form based on the vehicle information management network system of server.Electronic license plate preserves the whole register information of vehicle, false proof, tamper, all information of this car can be facilitated, promptly obtain at the scene at vehicle with mobile wireless read write line, the legitimacy of rapid judgement vehicle, the electronic license plate number of fixed-point type read write line scanning vehicular traffic, detect illegal, vehicles peccancy and record wheelpath, carrying out multiple statistical study to vehicular traffic, system is used for vehicle management department and exercises various management function.

Description

A kind of active radio frequency electronic license plate and vehicle management system for internet of things and implementation method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of motor vehicle electronic car plate and vehicle management system, belonging to Automobile registration and administrative skill field thereof, is a kind of active radio frequency electronic license plate and vehicle management system for internet of things and implementation method (being called for short: electronics car guard system) specifically.

Background technology

The vehicle management of current China all adopts license plate number to manage, i.e. car one trade mark, and first motor vehicle will be registered after buying, and can use after obtaining the legal number plate of vehicle.The car plate of current domestic motor vehicles is still based on visible physical car plate, and car plate show only vehicle registration registration number, not without other functions.The information of vehicles including management in comprises: owner name, vehicle, car name, Motor Number, source etc., the annual test in use related to, pay dues, change, shift, mortgage, to nullify and break in traffic rules and regulations punishment etc. is all object with car plate, but these information are not recorded on car plate.

In the current state of the art, traffic administration person on-the-spot can not know the relevant information of vehicle immediately, judges the legitimacy of vehicle.Especially list A registration vehicle B run time, the traffic administration person on B ground often cannot know the specifying information of this vehicle at the scene, and this just brings inconvenience to traffic administration; Also make some lawless person be provided with opportunity, occur fake-licensed car, counterfeit car, stealthy car plate etc.Also the specifying information immediately learning vehicle is difficult to, to notify relevant unit and personnel in the very first time when there is traffic hazard.When suspect's driving, ride-on vehicles are escaped also because the specifying information of vehicle immediately cannot be learnt on the spot, cannot follow the tracks of the wheelpath of vehicle, and have impact on carrying out rapidly of detection work.

In order to overcome the above problems, electronic license plate and vehicle management system for internet of things arise at the historic moment, domesticly also patent discloses electronic license plate technology, some vehicle also using electronic license plate, this electronic license plate, primarily of radio-frequency module, induction antenna composition, equally with visible physical car plate just have recorded a small amount of information such as vehicle registration registration number; Some electronic license plates are also designed with MCU and power supply, can store more information, but because its read or write speed is slow, power consumption large, the life-span is short, can not really apply; Therefore existing electronic license plate is only to read a small amount of information such as vehicle registration registration number with special fetch equipment, reads distance and usually only has 5-10m, is usually used in the automatic discrepancy in parking lot and management, highway toll.The vehicle identification system that current highway uses and electronic eyes, be all carry out image scanning based on to car plate, then identify the number-plate number of vehicle by image recognition software.This image recognition mode is subject to the serious restriction that the weather extremes such as rain, snow, mist, sandstorm and illumination, people are the condition such as to block; And whether None-identified belongs to deck, counterfeit car, stealthy car plate, cannot judge the legitimacy of car plate, and can only use in specific occasion, therefore can not fundamentally solve the above problem.

Summary of the invention

The present invention is directed to the problems referred to above that prior art exists, a kind of active radio frequency electronic license plate and vehicle management system for internet of things and implementation method are provided, the vehicle registration information that active radio frequency electronic license plate is preserved is complete, vehicle management system for internet of things and implementation method are used for the management function of fleet vehicles administrative authority, collect registration of listing, annual test, insurance, change of registration, process violating the regulations waits vehicle management function in one, can facilitate at the scene at vehicle, promptly obtain all information of this car, annual test is carried out to vehicle, read with having permission, write the information of this car, and the legitimacy of vehicle can be judged rapidly, and can automatic recognition problem vehicle.

The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:

A kind of active radio frequency electronic license plate, be composited by electronic license plate and traditional visible license plate, electronic license plate comprises: radio-frequency module, induction antenna, power circuit, MCU, hermetically sealed case, it is characterized in that: the storage unit in described MCU is the wireless internal memory of MaxArias, described power circuit is made up of battery and power control circuit, a controllable electronic switch is had in power control circuit, the input end of controllable electronic switch connects the output terminal of battery, the output terminal of controllable electronic switch is connected to the working power port of MCU, the control end of controllable electronic switch is associated with the signal response end of Receiver Module.

Improvement to technique scheme: described visible license plate nonmetallic materials make, and there is visible license plate number in its front, and reverse side has a groove, and electronic license plate is placed in groove, and groove is covered by a cover plate.

Further improvement to technique scheme: the hermetically sealed case of described active radio frequency electronic license plate has anti-demolition, and anti-demolition is combined with the bottom of groove, this anti-demolition is connected with MCU by the inductor in electronic license plate and trigger circuit.

Based on a vehicle management system for internet of things for above-mentioned active radio frequency electronic license plate, it is characterized in that: comprise active radio frequency electric car plate, car plate is wireless write device, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device, image identification system, vehicle information management network system based on server; Described mobile vehicle information wireless read write line is primarily of radio frequency module for reading and writing, central processing unit, storer, wireless communication module, keyboard, output interface, liquid crystal display composition; Described fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device is primarily of RF chip, antenna, MCU, power supply, signal attenuator, output interface composition; Described image identification system and fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device are together connected to computing machine and form work system, mutual by the vehicle information management network system central database on the Internet and server.

Further improvement to technique scheme: the wireless communication module in described mobile vehicle information wireless read write line is GPRS or CDMA module; Output interface in described fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device is RS232 mouth, 485 mouthfuls or USB port; Radio-frequency module is operated in 2.4G frequency range.

An implementation method for the vehicle management system for internet of things of above-mentioned active radio frequency electronic license plate, is characterized in that: comprise the steps:

(1) framework electronics car guard system central database on the server:

Electronics car guard system central database sets up separately:

Customer data base---user refers to province (municipality directly under the Central Government, autonomous region), city (area), county (district) multistage car tube hub;

Device management module---equipment refers to the wireless write device of car plate, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device, the major function of equipment control registers equipment, numbers, and equipment is also associated with customer data base by the authority of specified devices;

Role Management module---role refers to equipment operator, software module operating personnel, centre data library manager, user data library manager, the major function of Role Management registers role, to number and by role association to customer data base, for role assigns authority;

Central database rule---comprise data rule, information state dictionary, identification of the vehicle rule, car pipe business dictionary;

Physical card administration module---physical card refers to the active radio frequency electronic license plate not writing information of vehicles, and the major function of management is registration physics card number, dynamically updates its using state: do not use, use, cancel;

Identification of the vehicle administration module---registered vehicle identifier, distributes telephone numbers to car tube hub at different levels and dynamically updates its using state: not using, use, cancel;

Blacklist administration module---blacklist refers to problematic vehicle, and be index with identifier, take classification dynamic management, the function of management is: add, delete blacklist; One-level blacklist is highest as vehicle management center, and real-time update is to each customer data base, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device; All the other blacklists are associated with each customer data base, process the blacklist that each mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device are offered;

Business form administration module---comprising: the registration form of vehicle, change of registration table, transfer registration table, cancellation registration form, annual test report, problem report, modification report;

Vehicle flowrate, wheelpath enquiry module---carry out the various statistic of classifications of vehicle flowrate according to the vehicular traffic information of fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device record, generate statistical report form, and provide the wheelpath based on identification of the vehicle to inquire about;

The Action Events of system event administration module---recorded electronic car guard system central database and customer data base also files, for reviewing, inquiring about;

(2) register physics card number: physics card number is the man-to-man unique ID tag of active radio frequency electronic license plate, this electronics car guard system only has and completes the registration of physics card number on the server and just can carry out read-write operation to car plate; Physics card number is registered on the wireless write device of car plate and carries out: wireless for car plate write device is connected to computing machine, run electronic license plate accreditation process on computers, interconnection network, start business thread, scanning physics card number, to the electronics car guard system central database registration on server; The physics card number received compares with registered physics card number by server, as without repeating, registers these physics card numbers, is labeled as effectively, the information and feedback succeeds in registration; If any repetition, it is invalid by the physical card labelled notation of repetition and feedback registration error message;

Registration physical card both can singlely carry out also can carrying out in batches;

(3) electronic license plate write

Electronic license plate write is by following running program: scanning electron car plate physics card number, to server authentication, download identifier, information of vehicles write physics car plate, be reported to server, generate registration form etc. totally six steps complete:

Electronic license plate is written on the wireless write device of car plate and carries out: wireless for car plate write device is connected to computing machine, run electronic license plate write-in program on computers, interconnection network, authentication of users name, password, startup business thread, scanning physics card number, whether effective to server authentication card number, server is according to the device numbering of write device, user name, password judges that whether its authority is effective, as effectively then flow process being associated with corresponding customer data base, write device obtains effective identification of the vehicle from this customer data base, selective recognition number, identifier and information of vehicles are written to electronic license plate, compare from electronic license plate retaking of a year or grade information of vehicles with the information of write, confirm errorless after, be reported to server and generate registration form,

(4) vehicle management is carried out with mobile vehicle information wireless read write line:

Mobile vehicle information wireless read write line is mutual by the electronics car guard system central database on wireless communication module and server, automatic from server download blacklist storehouse after start, the identifier of vehicle near autoscan, the identification of the vehicle scanned is compared with blacklist, when finding blacklist (i.e. problem vehicle), at once reported to the police by audio communication and display screen symbol prompting; Mobile vehicle information wireless read write line can carry out read-write operation to electronic license plate information loaded, checks and reports blacklist, problem report, annual test report, modification report etc.; Its workflow is as follows:

Start, logging program, authentication of users name and password, interconnection network, startup business thread, automatically from server update blacklist storehouse, autoscan license plate number, the identification of the vehicle scanned compared with blacklist, find that blacklist carries out audio communication and the warning of display screen symbol prompting immediately;

Autoscan license plate number, the information of vehicles selected identification of the vehicle, read this identifier, download the database register information of this vehicle if desired to server request; Flow process is associated with corresponding customer data base according to identifier by server, the register information of this vehicle is sent to mobile read write line by customer data base, sense information and Download Info contrast by mobile read write line, list different item, operator compares according to different item and vehicle in kind, to judge the legitimacy of vehicle.And following operation can be selected according to authority:

Rewrite license board information and backup to customer data base;

Problem report is reported to customer data base;

Modification report is reported to customer data base;

Annual test is reported to report to customer data base;

Blacklist is reported to customer data base;

Delete blacklist and backup to customer data base;

(5) vehicle management is carried out with fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device:

Fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device and computing machine connect to form work system, mutual by the electronics car guard system central database on the Internet and server.Have two kinds of mode of operations: manual operation pattern and unmanned pattern, manual operation pattern is identical with mobile vehicle information wireless read write line;

Unmanned work pattern flow process is as follows:

Logging program, authentication of users name and password, interconnection network, startup business thread, timing are from server update blacklist storehouse, press the electronic license plate number of certain frequency scanning vehicular traffic, the identification of the vehicle scanned is compared with blacklist, outputed signal by the output interface of computing machine when finding blacklist vehicle, for driving warning system and gate valve system, and the device number of the identification of the vehicle of blacklist, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device is reported to server, so that the position of server selection blacklist vehicle; Fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device in chronological order or the electronic license plate number of period journal vehicular traffic, generates list, and statistics various types of vehicles flow, backups to local data base, be reported to corresponding customer data base.

Improvement to technique scheme: be also provided with an enquiry module in described electronics car guard system central database, provides the inquiry of identification of the vehicle using state, inquiry violating the regulations, inquiry into payment.

Further improvement to technique scheme: described image identification system and fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device detect critical point and carry out image scanning and electron scanning to by vehicle enforcing the law simultaneously, if the visible physical license plate number or the electronic license plate number that scan vehicle have disappearance, both trades mark and information loaded inconsistent, or without trade mark person, this vehicle can be piped off, and outputed signal by the output interface of computing machine, for driving warning system and gate valve system, blacklist (problem vehicle) trade mark is reported to server simultaneously, so that the position of server selection blacklist vehicle.

The present invention's advantage compared with prior art and good effect are:

1, not only physics card number (No. ID) and identifier have uniqueness to electronic license plate provided by the invention, and the registration of electronic license plate, process of distributing telephone numbers is by software control, ensure that the not reproducible of electronic license plate, the tamper function of electronic license plate has stopped deck, counterfeit, robber's board further.

2, electronic license plate preserves the whole register information of vehicle, available fetch equipment reads immediately, (garage can be comprised, parking lot, road are Anywhere first-class at the scene in vehicle institute, also no matter this vehicle is listed where registering) convenient, all information of promptly obtaining this car, the legitimacy of vehicle can be judged rapidly, also facilitate the management of changing places of vehicle.

3, automatic recognition problem vehicle, (as ordered to arrest car, traffic accident car, arrearage car etc.), the wheelpath of tracing problem based vehicle, is convenient to traffic administration.

4, also can realize on traffic main artery easily the various statistic of classifications of vehicle flow,

5, scene can be carried out to vehicle to list registration, change of registration, process violating the regulations, vehicle be carried out to the cura generalis function of the vehicle administration offices at present such as annual test.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the schematic network structure of electronics car guard system of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of the active radio frequency electronic license plate of electronics car guard system of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the horizontal section schematic diagram of the combined type radio frequency electric car plate of electronics car guard system of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the front schematic view of the combined type radio frequency electric car plate of electronics car guard system of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the reverse side schematic diagram of the combined type radio frequency electric car plate of electronics car guard system of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the structured flowchart of the portable read write line of electronics car guard system of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the structured flowchart of the fixed type reader-writer of electronics car guard system of the present invention;

Embodiment

The embodiment of a kind of active radio frequency electronic license plate of the present invention, is composited, see Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 by electronic license plate and traditional visible license plate.Electronic license plate comprises: radio-frequency module, induction antenna, power circuit, MCU, hermetically sealed case, it is characterized in that: the storage unit in described MCU is the wireless internal memory of MaxArias, instead of common EEPROM, faster than EEPROM six times of the writing speed of MaxArias is wireless internal memory, fast two times of reading speed, memory size has 4Kb, 8Kb and 16Kb etc. multiple, and like this, electronic license plate just can preserve 250 to 1000 16 bit data.And the wireless internal memory of MaxArias adopts block write protection instruction protection memory field, write number of times is obviously better than EEPROM, and erasable petaflops just there will be the problem of internal memory wearing and tearing repeatedly.Described power circuit is made up of battery and power control circuit, a controllable electronic switch is had in power control circuit, the input end of controllable electronic switch connects the output terminal of battery, the output terminal of controllable electronic switch is connected to the working power port of MCU, and the control end of controllable electronic switch is associated with the signal response end of Receiver Module.After only having radio-frequency module to receive the read-write requests of read write line like this, controllable electronic switch is just opened, MCU is just energized work, this energy-saving mode can reduce the electrical source consumption of electronic license plate greatly, the fast reading and writing of the wireless internal memory of xArias also shortens the working time of MCU simultaneously, reduces electrical source consumption.

For avoiding metal material shielded radio frequency signal, visible license plate 2 of the present invention nonmetallic materials make, and there is visible license plate number in its front 6, and reverse side 7 has a groove 3, and electronic license plate 4 is placed in groove, and groove is covered by a cover plate 9.

The space size of the groove of visible license plate reverse side and the sizableness of electronic license plate, the degree of depth is slightly larger than the thickness of electronic license plate, surrounding near groove has several threaded hole, described cover plate, its size is slightly larger than groove, and surrounding is with mounting hole, and the threaded hole of the position of mounting hole and aperture and groove surrounding matches, cover plate covers on electronic license plate, and is fixed on the reverse side of physics car plate by the threaded hole of mounting hole and groove surrounding with bolt 8.A vibration pad 10 is had between cover plate and electronic license plate, gap between cover plate and physics car plate adopts waterproof sealing, the same with common physics car plate, combined type radio frequency electric car plate is also provided with the mounting hole 1 be installed on vehicle, in order to take into account the use habit of people, the size of combined type radio frequency electric car plate also can be done identical with common physics car plate.

Anti-demolition 5 on the hermetically sealed case of described active radio frequency electronic license plate, made by double-sided adhesive, the one side of the anti-demolition of adhesive sticker and the bottom adhe of groove, for ensureing that bonding firmly, the bottom of groove is smooth, the another side of the anti-demolition of this adhesive sticker is connected with MCU by the inductor in electronic license plate and trigger circuit, if electronic license plate taken off from bottom portion of groove from, trigger circuit work will be caused, certain zone bit of MCU changes, car plate reader just can perception car plate once split.

The embodiment of a kind of vehicle management system for internet of things based on above-mentioned active radio frequency electronic license plate of the present invention, comprise active radio frequency electric car plate, car plate is wireless write device, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device, image identification system, vehicle information management network system based on server; Described mobile vehicle information wireless read write line (see Fig. 6), primarily of radio frequency module for reading and writing, central processing unit, storer, wireless communication module, keyboard, output interface, liquid crystal display composition; Described fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device (see Fig. 7) is primarily of RF chip, antenna, MCU, power supply, signal attenuator, output interface composition; Described video capture system and fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device are together connected to computing machine and form work system, mutual by the electronics car guard system central database on the Internet and server.

The above-mentioned vehicle information management network system based on server is by server, server software, electronic license plate registration and write software, the read-write of mobile vehicle information wireless software, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write software and communications protocol form.

In a kind of way of example:

Server software adopts VisualStudio2010#3.5 programming, and server hardware configures: more than CPU:2.0; Internal memory: more than 2GB; Video card: without particular/special requirement; Hard disk: 6GB remains; Operating system: WindowsServer2003 and more than.Adopt the data management of BS structure.

Electronic license plate registration and write software adopt MicrosoftVisualC++6.0 programming, hardware environment: (1) more than CPU:P41.8; (2) internal memory: more than 1G; (3) hard disk: 300G; (4) RS232 interface is furnished with; (5) network connects; (6) the wireless write device of car plate; Software environment: Win9x/Me/NT/2000/XP/2003.Obtain data alternately by the web Service interface of server end and server, adopt the client framework that C/S and B/S framework combines.

Mobile vehicle information wireless read-write software adopts MicrosofteMbeddedVisualC++4.0, MicrosoftVisualStudio2008 programming, hardware configuration: cpu type is ARM932 position RISC dominant frequency 266MHz, voltage 3.3V; Internal memory: 64MFlashROM (easily extensible is to 512M) 64MSDRAM; Liquid crystal display: Via Color TFT-LCD 320x240 pixel when 3.5, band touch-screen; Wireless network; RFID read head; Data backup: SD card and the dual backup of FLASH.Software environment: MicrosoftWindowsCE.Net4.2/5.0 simplified Chinese edition.Obtain data alternately by the web Service interface of server end and server, adopt the client framework that C/S and B/S framework combines.

Fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write software adopt MicrosoftVisualC++6.0 programming, operate in there is condition below common PC or server on:

A) under Win9x/Me/NT/2000/XP/2003 software environment;

B) more than CPU:P41.8;

C) internal memory: more than 1G;

D) hard disk: 300G;

E) RS232 interface is furnished with.

Communications protocol define to carry out between each software communicating data-interface mode, each interface title; The parameter name of each input parameter, implication and type; The title of each rreturn value, implication and type.

Wireless communication module in above-mentioned mobile vehicle information wireless read write line is GPRS or CDMA module; Output interface in described fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device is RS232 mouth, 485 mouthfuls or USB port; Radio-frequency module is operated in 2.4G frequency range; WebService mode is adopted to communicate between each software.

See Fig. 1, the embodiment of the implementation method of a kind of vehicle management system for internet of things based on above-mentioned active radio frequency electronic license plate of the present invention, comprises the steps:

(1) framework electronics car guard system central database on the server:

Electronics car guard system central database sets up separately:

Customer data base---user refers to province (municipality directly under the Central Government, autonomous region), city (area), county (district) multistage car tube hub, usually with the administrative management organization of vehicle for foundation, be built into multistage tree structure.

Device management module---equipment refers to the wireless write device of car plate, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device, the major function of equipment control registers equipment, numbers, and equipment is also associated with customer data base by the authority of specified devices.Like this in system work process, server can flow to according to device numbering assignment data, and the setting of equipment authority is equivalent to the scope of offical duty defining equipment.

Role Management module---role refers to equipment operator, software module operating personnel, centre data library manager, user data library manager, the major function of Role Management registers role, to number and by role association to customer data base, for role assigns authority; This just specify that membership and the scope of offical duty of role, is also convenient to the job rating of role simultaneously.

Central database rule---comprise data rule, information state dictionary, identification of the vehicle rule, car pipe business dictionary.Incorporate into the Essential Terms of vehicle management into own forces dictionary, the convenient operation choice of members, reduce the craft input of Chinese character, be conducive to increasing work efficiency.

Physical card administration module---physical card refers to the active radio frequency electronic license plate not writing information of vehicles, and the major function of management is registration physics card number, dynamically updates its using state: do not use, use, cancel.Due to uniqueness and the aforesaid tamper of physics card number, can fundamentally avoid false-trademark, counterfeit, deck by registration link.

Identification of the vehicle administration module---registered vehicle identifier, distributes telephone numbers to car tube hub at different levels and dynamically updates its using state: not using, use, cancel;

Blacklist administration module---blacklist refers to problematic vehicle, take identifier as index, take classification dynamic management, the function of management is: add, delete blacklist, one-level blacklist is highest as vehicle management center, real-time update is to each customer data base, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device, all the other blacklists are associated with each customer data base, process the blacklist that each mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device are offered; The fundamental purpose of blacklist management traces problem vehicle, and one-level blacklist listed usually in by wanted circular vehicle, escaping behavior after traffic accident vehicle, and the very first time is moved formula or fixed-point type read write line detects.

Business form administration module---comprising: the registration form of vehicle, change of registration table, transfer registration table, cancellation registration form, annual test report, problem report, modification report;

Vehicle flowrate, wheelpath enquiry module---carry out the various statistic of classifications of vehicle flowrate according to the vehicular traffic information of fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device record, generate statistical report form, and provide the wheelpath based on identification of the vehicle to inquire about.As: the truck quantity of 24 hours one days by way of certain fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device site be added up, as long as input inquiry condition: date, period and class of vehicle---truck is just passable.

System event administration module---the Action Events of recorded electronic car guard system central database and customer data base, for reviewing, inquiring about.

(2) register physics card number: physics card number is the man-to-man unique ID tag of active radio frequency electronic license plate, this electronics car guard system only has and completes the registration of physics card number on the server and just can carry out read-write operation to car plate.Physics card number is registered on the wireless write device of car plate and carries out.Its workflow is as follows:

Wireless for car plate write device is connected to computing machine, run electronic license plate registration and write software on computers, interconnection network, startup business thread, scanning physics card number, to the electronics car guard system central database registration on server, the physics card number received compares with registered physics card number by server, as nothing repeats, register these physics card numbers, be labeled as effectively, the information and feedback succeeds in registration, if any repetition, illustrate this electronic license plate be in using state or for personation car plate, it is invalid by the physical card labelled notation of repetition and feedback registration error message.Electronic license plate can by nullifying Reusability.Registration physical card can carry out in batches.

(3) electronic license plate write

Electronic license plate write is by following running program: scanning electron car plate physics card number, to server authentication, download identifier, information of vehicles write physics car plate, be reported to server, generate registration form etc. totally six steps complete:

Electronic license plate is written on the wireless write device of car plate and carries out: wireless for car plate write device is connected to computing machine, run electronic license plate write-in program on computers, interconnection network, authentication of users name, password, startup business thread, scanning physics card number, whether effective to server authentication card number, server is according to the device numbering of write device, user name, password judges that whether its authority is effective, as effectively then flow process being associated with corresponding customer data base, write device obtains effective identification of the vehicle from this customer data base, selective recognition number, identifier and information of vehicles are written to electronic license plate, compare from electronic license plate retaking of a year or grade information of vehicles with the information of write, server is reported to generate registration form after errorless,

(4) vehicle management is carried out with mobile vehicle information wireless read write line:

Mobile vehicle information wireless read write line is used by traffic police usually, exercise road traffic law-enforcing function, mutual by the electronics car guard system central database on wireless communication module and server, automatic from server download blacklist storehouse after start, can the physics card number of vehicle (comprising the vehicle in traveling) and identifier near autoscan, the identification of the vehicle scanned is compared with blacklist, when finding blacklist (i.e. problem vehicle), at once reported to the police by audio communication and display screen symbol prompting; Mobile vehicle information wireless read write line can carry out read-write operation to electronic license plate information loaded, checks and reports blacklist, problem report, annual test report, modification report etc.; Its workflow is as follows:

Start, logging program, authentication of users name and password, interconnection network, startup business thread, automatically from server update blacklist storehouse, autoscan license plate number, the identification of the vehicle scanned is compared with blacklist, finds that blacklist carries out sound and display screen symbol prompting immediately;

If want emphasis to check certain car, in the license plate number scanned, then select the identifier of this vehicle, read the information of vehicles of this identifier, the register information of this vehicle is downloaded if desired to server request, flow process is associated with corresponding customer data base according to identifier by server, the register information of this vehicle is sent to mobile read write line by customer data base, sense information and Download Info contrast by mobile read write line, list different item, operator compares judgement according to different item and vehicle in kind, selects following operation:

Rewrite license board information and backup to customer data base;

Problem report is reported, when finding that vehicle exists new problem to customer data base.

Report modification report to customer data base, usual problem report and modification report are submitted simultaneously, as delay penalty etc.

Annual test is reported to report to customer data base, when carrying out on-the-spot annual test to vehicle.

Blacklist is reported, when vehicle exists larger problem to customer data base.

Delete blacklist and backup to customer data base, when the blacklist origin cause of formation of this vehicle disappears, as; Traffic accident is put on the blacklist when occurring, and can delete blacklist after traffic accident obtains dealing carefully with.

More than operation is based upon mobile read write line and operator has on the basis of corresponding authority.

(5) vehicle management is carried out with fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device:

Fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device and computing machine connect to form work system, mutual by the vehicle management center database on the Internet and server.Have two kinds of mode of operations: manual operation pattern and unmanned pattern, manual operation pattern is identical with mobile vehicle information wireless read write line;

Unmanned pattern is generally used for fixed intersection, and as charge station, parking lot etc., its workflow is as follows:

Logging program, authentication of users name and password, interconnection network, startup business thread, timing is from server update blacklist storehouse, press the electronic license plate number of certain frequency scanning vehicular traffic, the identification of the vehicle scanned is compared with blacklist, find that blacklist carries out sound and display screen symbol prompting immediately, and outputed signal by the output interface of computing machine, for driving warning system and gate valve system (be used for interception car), and by the identification of the vehicle of blacklist, the device number of fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device is reported to server, so that the position of server selection blacklist vehicle.

Another function of fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device is in chronological order or the electronic license plate number of period journal vehicular traffic, generate list, statistics various types of vehicles flow, backups to local data base, be reported to corresponding customer data base, inquire about for vehicle flowrate.

Fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device usually with described image identification system with the use of, detect critical point in law enforcement and carry out image scanning and electron scanning to by vehicle, if the visible physical license plate number or the electronic license plate number that scan vehicle have disappearance, both trades mark and information loaded inconsistent, or without trade mark person, this vehicle can be piped off, and outputed signal by the output interface of computing machine, for driving warning system and gate valve system, blacklist (problem vehicle) trade mark is reported to server simultaneously, so that the position of server selection blacklist vehicle.

Also be provided with an enquiry module in electronics car guard system central database, the inquiry of identification of the vehicle using state, inquiry violating the regulations, inquiry into payment are provided.

Certainly, above-mentioned explanation is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to above-mentioned citing; those skilled in the art; in essential scope of the present invention, done change, remodeling, interpolation or replacement, also should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. an implementation method for the vehicle management system for internet of things of active radio frequency electronic license plate, is characterized in that: vehicle management system for internet of things comprises active radio frequency electric car plate, car plate the is wireless write device of described active radio frequency electronic license plate, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device, image identification system, vehicle information management network system based on server, described active radio frequency electronic license plate is composited by electronic license plate and traditional visible license plate, electronic license plate comprises: radio-frequency module, induction antenna, power circuit, MCU, hermetically sealed case, storage unit in described MCU is the wireless internal memory of MaxArias, described power circuit is made up of battery and power control circuit, a controllable electronic switch is had in power control circuit, the input end of controllable electronic switch connects the output terminal of battery, the output terminal of controllable electronic switch is connected to the working power port of MCU, the control end of controllable electronic switch is associated with the signal response end of Receiver Module, described visible license plate nonmetallic materials make, and there is visible license plate number in its front, and reverse side has a groove, and electronic license plate is placed in groove, and groove is covered by a cover plate, the hermetically sealed case of described active radio frequency electronic license plate has anti-demolition, and anti-demolition is combined with the bottom of groove, and this anti-demolition is connected with MCU by the inductor in electronic license plate and trigger circuit, described mobile vehicle information wireless read write line is primarily of radio frequency module for reading and writing, central processing unit, storer, wireless communication module, keyboard, output interface, liquid crystal display composition, described fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device is primarily of RF chip, antenna, MCU, power supply, signal attenuator, output interface composition, described image identification system and fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device are together connected to computing machine and form work system, mutual by the vehicle information management network system central database on the Internet and server, the wireless communication module in described mobile vehicle information wireless read write line is GPRS or CDMA module, output interface in described fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device is RS232 mouth, 485 mouthfuls or USB port, radio-frequency module is operated in 2.4G frequency range,
Described implementation method comprises the steps:
(1) framework electronics car guard system central database on the server:
Electronics car guard system central database sets up separately:
Customer data base---user refers to province, city, the multistage car tube hub in county;
Device management module---equipment refers to the wireless write device of car plate, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device; The major function of equipment control registers equipment, numbers, and equipment is also associated with customer data base by the authority of specified devices;
Role Management module---role refers to equipment operator, software module operating personnel, centre data library manager, user data library manager; The major function of Role Management registers role, to number and by role association to customer data base, for role assigns authority;
Central database rule---comprise data rule, information state dictionary, identification of the vehicle rule, car pipe business dictionary;
Physical card administration module---physical card refers to the active radio frequency electronic license plate not writing information of vehicles, and the major function of management is registration physics card number, dynamically updates its using state: do not use, use, cancel;
Identification of the vehicle administration module---registered vehicle identifier, distributes telephone numbers to car tube hub at different levels and dynamically updates its using state: not using, use, cancel;
Blacklist administration module---blacklist refers to problematic vehicle, is index, takes classification dynamic management with identifier;
The function of management is: add, delete blacklist, one-level blacklist is highest as vehicle management center, and real-time update is to each customer data base, mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device; All the other blacklists are associated with each customer data base; Process the blacklist that each mobile vehicle information wireless read write line, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device are offered;
Business form administration module---comprising: the registration form of vehicle, change of registration table, transfer registration table, cancellation registration form, annual test report, problem report, modification report;
Vehicle flowrate, wheelpath are inquired about---and carry out the various statistic of classifications of vehicle flowrate according to the vehicular traffic information of fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device record, generate statistical report form, and provide the wheelpath based on identification of the vehicle to inquire about; System event manages---and the Action Events of recorded electronic car guard system central database and customer data base also files, for reviewing, inquiring about;
(2) register physics card number: physics card number is the man-to-man unique ID tag of active radio frequency electronic license plate, this active radio frequency electronic license plate and vehicle management system for internet of things only have and complete the registration of physics card number on the server and just can carry out read-write operation to car plate; Physics card number is registered on the wireless write device of car plate and carries out: wireless for car plate write device is connected to computing machine, run electronic license plate accreditation process on computers, interconnection network, startup business thread, scanning physics card number, to the electronics car guard system central database registration on server, the physics card number received compares with registered physics card number by server, as without repeating, registering these physics card numbers, being labeled as effectively, the information and feedback succeeds in registration, if any repetition, be invalid by the physical card labelled notation of repetition, and feedback registration error message;
(3) electronic license plate write
Electronic license plate write is by following running program: scanning electron car plate physics card number, to server authentication, download identifier, information of vehicles write physics car plate, be reported to server, generate registration form totally 6 steps complete:
Electronic license plate is written on the wireless write device of car plate and carries out: wireless for car plate write device is connected to computing machine, runs electronic license plate write-in program, interconnection network, authentication of users name and password, startup business thread, scanning physics card number, whether effective to server authentication card number on computers; According to the device numbering of write device, user name, password, server judges that whether its authority is effective; As effectively then flow process being associated with corresponding customer data base; Write device obtains effective identification of the vehicle from this customer data base, selective recognition number, and identifier and information of vehicles are written to electronic license plate; Compare from electronic license plate retaking of a year or grade information of vehicles with the information of write; Confirm errorless after, be reported to server and generate registration form;
(4) vehicle management is carried out with mobile vehicle information wireless read write line:
Mobile vehicle information wireless read write line is mutual by the electronics car guard system central database on wireless communication module and server, automatic from server download blacklist storehouse after start, the identifier of vehicle near autoscan, the identification of the vehicle scanned is compared with blacklist, when finding blacklist, at once reported to the police by audio communication and display screen symbol prompting; Mobile vehicle information wireless read write line carries out read-write operation to electronic license plate information loaded, checks and reports blacklist, problem report, annual test report, modification report; Its workflow is as follows:
Start, logging program, authentication of users name and password, interconnection network, startup business thread, automatically from the black name of server update
Dan Ku, autoscan license plate number, the identification of the vehicle scanned is compared with blacklist, find blacklist immediately carry out audio communication and
Display screen symbol prompting is reported to the police; Autoscan license plate number, the information of vehicles selected identification of the vehicle, read this identifier, download the database register information of this vehicle if desired to server request; Flow process is associated with corresponding customer data base according to identifier by server, the register information of this vehicle is sent to mobile read write line by customer data base, sense information and Download Info contrast by mobile read write line, list different item, operator compares according to different item and vehicle in kind, to judge the legitimacy of vehicle, and following operation can be selected according to authority:
Rewrite license board information and backup to customer data base;
Problem report is reported to customer data base;
Modification report is reported to customer data base;
Annual test is reported to report to customer data base;
Blacklist is reported to customer data base;
Delete blacklist and backup to customer data base;
(5) vehicle management is carried out with fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device:
Fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device and computing machine connect to form work system, mutual by the electronics car guard system central database on the Internet and server, have two kinds of mode of operations: manual operation pattern and unmanned pattern, manual operation pattern is identical with mobile vehicle information wireless read write line;
Unmanned work pattern flow process is as follows:
Logging program, authentication of users name and password, interconnection network, startup business thread, timing are from server update blacklist storehouse, press the electronic license plate number of certain frequency scanning vehicular traffic, the identification of the vehicle scanned is compared with blacklist, outputed signal by the output interface of computing machine when finding blacklist vehicle, for driving warning system and gate valve system, and the device number of the identification of the vehicle of blacklist, fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device is reported to server, so that the position of server selection blacklist vehicle; Fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device in chronological order or the electronic license plate number of period journal vehicular traffic, generates list, and statistics various types of vehicles flow, backups to local data base, be reported to corresponding customer data base;
Also be provided with an enquiry module in described electronics car guard system central database, the inquiry of identification of the vehicle using state, inquiry violating the regulations, inquiry into payment are provided; Described image identification system and fixed-point type information of vehicles radio read-write device detect critical point and carry out image scanning and electron scanning to by vehicle enforcing the law simultaneously, if scan the visible physical license plate number of vehicle or electronic license plate number has disappearance, both trades mark and information loaded is inconsistent or without trade mark person, this vehicle can be piped off, and outputed signal by the output interface of computing machine, for driving warning system and gate valve system, blacklist is reported to server, so that the position of server selection blacklist vehicle simultaneously.
CN201210201258.9A 2011-07-01 2012-06-08 A kind of active radio frequency electronic license plate and vehicle management system for internet of things and implementation method CN102789588B (en)

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