CN102786352B - Multifunctional organic liquid fertilizer and processing method thereof - Google Patents

Multifunctional organic liquid fertilizer and processing method thereof Download PDF

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CN102786352B
CN102786352B CN201210300439.7A CN201210300439A CN102786352B CN 102786352 B CN102786352 B CN 102786352B CN 201210300439 A CN201210300439 A CN 201210300439A CN 102786352 B CN102786352 B CN 102786352B
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organic liquid
liquid fertilizer
fertilizer
soil
functional organic
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CN102786352A (en
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姜华
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姜华
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional organic liquid fertilizer and a processing method of the multifunctional organic liquid fertilizer. The multifunctional organic liquid fertilizer is prepared from medical stone powder, humic acid, CM complex bacteria, pyrethrin, brown sugar, matrine hundred-grass, honey, ethylicin, camphor, white alum, hymexazol and water of cinnabar by secondary fermentation. The organic liquid fertilizer improves the yield and quality of plants, and can increase the content of organic matters in soil. The organic liquid fertilizer is wide in application range, and can adapt to various soils. The fertilizer has the effects of antibacterial resistance and deinsectization, and improves the plant stress resistance. The fertilizer can play a role in preventing and reducing environmental pollution after being fertilized for a long time.

Description

Multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer and working method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer, the invention still further relates to a kind of working method of this multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer.
Background technology:
Soil is the natural resources of agriculture production, and China's middle-and-low-yielding fields account for the more than 70% of cultivated area.Due to the destruction of natural resources, to the excessive use in soil, soil nutrient hold facility declines, and biological activity of soil reduces and the unadvisable or even frightened Land-Use of taking formula by force, causes the productivity exhaustion degeneration stealthily in many fertile arable lands.Everything all has directly and contacts with soil organism reduction and the minimizing of organic fertilizer amount of application.The effect that chemical fertilizer is brought into play in modern agricultural production process is the increase along with applying quantity of chemical fertilizer, its utilization ratio reduced year by year, and bring a series of as degradation problem under soil and groundwater pollution, soil compaction, surge capability decline, soil nutrient simplification, biological function.Be difficult to fertilize meet the requirement of modern grain-production to fertile soil degree so single.Organic fertilizer has that comprehensive nutrition, fertilizer efficiency are lasting, improvement Soil structure, promote microbial reproduction and improve the features such as soil fertilizer ability, can make up the deficiency of chemical fertilizer.Show through experiment, although the fertilizer efficiency of organic fertilizer is lower than chemical fertilizer, fertilizer and chemical fertilizer compounding application are better than the independent application effect of chemical fertilizer.Exploitation and application that this further illustrates the multifunction mixed compound fertilizer that fertilizer, chemical fertilizer and bio-fertilizer combine are the important developing direction of fertilizer from now on.He,, to promoting the sustainable development of an agriculture featuring high yields, fine quality and high efficiency, improves the Comprehensive Productivity in farmland, improves agriculture comprehensive benefit, is to have important and far reaching significance.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer, and another goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of this multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer.
Active principle and weight part proportioning in the multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer raw material of the present invention are as follows:
In above-mentioned raw materials, solid feed granularity need reach 240 order to 400 orders.
The making method of the multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer of the present invention is:
(1) CM composite bacteria liquid is cultivated: CM composite bacteria is put into tank with water together with the ratio of 1:10, and with light-illuminating, temperature, between 15-20 degree, is cultivated and can be used after 7 days;
(2) fermentation for the first time: medical stone, humic acid, pyrethrin, brown sugar, matrine, honey, cinnabar, alum, ethylicin, Kusnezoff Monkshood Root, the mould spirit of evil, camphor, CM composite bacteria nutrient solution and water are put into fermentor tank according to the above ratio, fully stir, temperature is within 20-30 degree, stir every day twice, ferment after 7-10 days, enter fermentation for the second time;
(3) prepare multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer: the fermented liq of fermentation is for the first time extracted out and is placed in another fermentor tank, ferment for the second time by the part by weight of fermented liquid and water 30:70.Temperature, within 20-30 degree, stirs twice every day, ferment after 7 days, product.
Below the performance of each raw material active principle in organic liquid fertilizer of the present invention:
Medical stone: the good stripping property of rich trace elements and tool in medical stone, after these micro-strippings, absorbed by root system of plant very soon, and not by soil fixing, fertilizer efficiency can be given full play of lentamente.
Humic acid: humic acid fertilizer is a class resource wealth, is the important component part of soil with organic matter.With after the metallics chemical combination such as sodium potassium, produce the humate that can be dissolved in water.The molecular weight of xanthohumic acid, is easily absorbed and used by plants, and the more physiologically active of its functional group content is large, can directly be dissolved in water.More application in agricultural.
CM composite bacteria: CM composite bacteria is the multi-functional composite fungus agent of one of application symbiotic fermentation new technology development, is mainly made up of photosynthetic bacteria, yeast, bacillus aceticus, actinomycetes, genus bacillus etc.
Photosynthetic bacteria is in photosynthetic bacteria thalline, to contain rich in protein, VITAMIN and various biologically active substance, approximately contains 70% protein in dry-matter, higher more than 6% than the protein sucrose extraction in yeast, micrococcus and other bacteriums.Photosynthetic bacteria can increase useful actinomycetic quantity in soil, is conducive to the increase of microbiotic, hormonal substance, thereby suppresses the generation of Plant diseases.Photosynthetic bacteria can purify some toxic substance in degraded soil, promotes root system development.In addition, photosynthetic bacterium can suppress a strong fungi, and the micropopulation of improving plant rhizosphere, to overcoming continuous cropping obstacle and fungal disease has certain effect.Yeast can produce and promote fissional biological fermentation material, also plays an important role to promoting the matrix of other beneficial microorganism propagation to produce simultaneously.Bacillus aceticus absorbs carbohydrate fixed nitrogen from photosynthetic bacteria, then a fixing nitrogen part is supplied with to plant, and another part is returned photosynthetic bacteria, forms aerobic property and facultative anaerobe's symbiotic structure.The nitrogen that actinomycetes produce photosynthetic bacteria, as matrix, will make actinomycetes increase.The antibiotics that actinomycetes produce, can increase resistibility and the immunizing power of plant to disease.Genus bacillus can produce biological fermentation material, promotes plant growth.
Insecticidal bactericide in raw material of the present invention and herbal medicine contain special efficacy inhibitory anti-virus composition, use in rear plant body and periphery formation antibody, have powerful antibacterial, press down the effects such as miscellaneous bacteria diseases prevention worm, reduce the physiological disease of crop, reduce the generation of the disease and pest of crop.Thereby having guaranteed the strain number of crop, reached the object that improves output, is below the function and efficacy of insecticidal bactericide and herbal medicine.
Ethylicin: be a kind of broad-spectrum germicide.
Dislike mould spirit: be a kind of systemic fungicide, be again a kind of soil disinfectant simultaneously.
Pyrethrin: insecticidal spectrum is wide, the power of knocking down is strong, has powerful action of contace poison.
Matrine: be broad spectrum pesticide, have tag, stomach toxicity and Antifeedant Effects.
Cinnabar: have removing toxic substances preservative activity.
Alum: anticorrosion, deodorization and disinfection, slant acidity.
Camphor: there is desinsection and have one's ideas straightened out and ward off dirty function.
Kusnezoff Monkshood Root: delousing desinsection.
The multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer of the present invention has following effect and feature:
1, improve the yield and quality of kind of plant.Multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer can be improved soil, culture fertility, output and the quality of assurance food crop, plant.Also contain the needed a large amount of nutritive ingredients of plant, various trace element, carbohydrate, fat and multiple biological hormone, effective constituent can directly be supplied farm crop and be absorbed, also can be for soil provides bio-energy, to improve output and the quality of farm crop.Science is used organic liquid fertilizer, can improve output and nutritional quality and the exterior quality of farm crop.As grain protein matter content increases; Cotton fiber is long; Vegetables good palatability, good taste deliciousness, robust fibre is few; The flowers florescence is long, and pattern is bright-coloured, gives off a strong fragrance; Melon and fruit class fruit is large, look good, sugar part increases, and edible portion is many, and storage tolerance is good.
2, the soil of fostering and apply fertilizer.Multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer contains abundant organic substance.Using organic liquid fertilizer can increase the content of soil with organic matter.Organic mass-energy conditioned soil earth physics, chemistry and biological nature, vegetable soil, culture fertility.Using organic liquid fertilizer can increase many organic colloids, can greatly increase the adsorption surface of soil, produces many gunk-squeeze process, make soil particle cementing, become stability crumb structure, improve soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation and permeability, and have the ability that regulates the soil moisture.Organic liquid fertilizer can also make the microorganism amount reproduction in soil, particularly many beneficial microorganisms as vinelandii, ammonifying bacteria, nitrifier, cellulose-decomposing bacteria and phosphorus potassium bacterium.Long-term application organic liquid fertilizer, makes that soil nutrient status is become better and better, soil energy is more and more sufficient, and resiliency and the anti-adversity of soil are also improved significantly.Organic liquid fertilizer through rotting, decomposing, forms soil ulmin in soil, and all kinds of humic acid in soil ulmin contain certain carboxyl, hydroxyl, phenolic hydroxyl group and quinonyl etc.These functional groups have hormesis, can promote the activity of plant materials endoenzyme, strengthen respiration and photosynthesis, strengthen synthesizing, turn round and accumulation of plant substance in vivo.
3, have wide range of applications, adapt to various soil.Result shows by experiment, and this multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer is not only applicable to cash crop, food crop, gourd, fruit and vegetable, flowers, fruit tree etc., the precocious 7-10 days in advance of short crop, and can also improve 5% to 10% output.This multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer is nontoxic, without any pollution, also has very strong avidity in addition and be suitable for the needs of various soil.Multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer is mainly for the production of green agricultural byproducts, to meet the needs of people to green food.Can produce High-yield Agricultural byproduct if mix to use with chemical fertilizer, to meet the needs of industrial raw material, feed etc.
4, antibacterial disease-resistant deinsectization, improves crop anti-adversity.In this multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer, contain about ten kinds of herbal medicine, there is special efficacy inhibitory anti-virus composition.Use in rear plant body and periphery forms antibody, have powerful antibacterial, press down the effects such as miscellaneous bacteria diseases prevention worm, reduce the physiological disease of crop, reduce the generation of the disease and pest of crop.Thereby guarantee the strain number of crop, reached the object that improves output.This multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer has fertilizer function, has again the good result of diseases prevention, worm, evil, can also mix and use with herbicide simultaneously.The alternative fertilising of applied once, dispenser etc. repeatedly farming are worked, and have reached the object of agriculture high-quality, high yield, high efficiency, have also alleviated agriculture production labour intensity.
5, preserve the ecological environment.The long-term application of multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer, can play the effect that prevents and reduce environmental pollution.Often use organic liquid fertilizer, soil organic matter content is increased and upgrade, can greatly improve like this adsorptive power of soil, be conducive to remove in soil toxic substance or alleviate its murder by poisoning.The results showed: the absorption of the existence of agron to agricultural chemicals, not only control residual in soil of agricultural chemicals, and be conducive to degraded, loss and the performance of residual hazard.The heavy metal contaminations such as mercury in soils, cadmium and chromium have been alleviated simultaneously, the sequestering action of absorption, chemical precipitation and soil ulmin by agron and clay mineral, heavy metal alleviates greatly to the murder by poisoning of farm crop, farm crop greatly reduce the absorbed dose of these toxic substances, and therefore long-term application organic liquid fertilizer pollutes the attenuation effect having clearly to heavy metal in soil.
6, good in economic efficiency.Product production increase, quality product raising, the reduction of fertilizer cost and the reduction of overhead cost.So volume increase increases income again.
Embodiment:
Example 1
The raw materials of the multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer of the present invention and weight part proportioning are as follows:
Example 2
The raw materials of the multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer of the present invention and weight part proportioning are as follows:
Example 3
The raw materials of the multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer of the present invention and weight part proportioning are as follows:
Example 4
The using method of the multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer of the present invention:
Multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer of the present invention, can do base manure, seed manure, seed soaking, dresses seed, dips in root, seedbed soil is mixed fertilizer, foliage spray.Especially be suitable for large-area mechanical fertilization and aircraft spray fertilizer.Its concrete using method is as follows:
Example 5
Be below the result of use of fertilizer of the present invention, what use is the formula of embodiment 3, and contrast plot is all located at test plot periphery.
Test kind: soybean is closed rich No. 41
Test period, place: the 5-10 month in 2010, Nehe City, Heilongjiang Province
Test plot 1 fertilization mode: CK is by local habits fertilization
Test plot 2 fertilization modes: CK+ base fertilizer and the same habits fertilization that topdresses, use fresh water spraying blade face once at soybean bloom.
Test plot 3 fertilization modes: CK+ base fertilizer and the same habits fertilization that topdresses, spray blade face once at soybean bloom with 200 times of liquid of fertilizer of the present invention, spraying method is identical with processing 2.250 milliliters, add water 200 times.
1, the field of different treatment method fertility performance
Test is processed Plant height (cm) Stem thick (cm) Fresh weight (g/ strain)
A contrasts 1 (blank) 46.8 0.70 57.5
B contrasts 2 (spray clear water) 47.0 0.71 58.1
C sprays liquid fertilizer of the present invention 49.5 0.75 64.8
2, Yield And Yield Components changes
Example 6
Be below the result of use of fertilizer of the present invention, what use is the formula of embodiment 2, and contrast plot is all located at test plot periphery.
Test kind: soybean is closed rich No. 41
Test period, place: the 5-10 month in 2011, Nehe City, Heilongjiang Province
Test plot 1 fertilization mode: CK is by local habits fertilization
Test plot 2 fertilization modes: CK+ base fertilizer and the same habits fertilization that topdresses, use fresh water spraying blade face once at soybean bloom.
Test plot 3 fertilization modes: CK+ base fertilizer and the same habits fertilization that topdresses, spray blade face once at soybean bloom with 200 times of liquid of fertilizer of the present invention, spraying method is identical with processing 2.250 milliliters, add water 200 times.
1, the field of different treatment method fertility performance
Test is processed Plant height (cm) Stem thick (cm) Fresh weight (g/ strain)
A contrasts 1 (blank) 46.9 0.71 58.5
B contrasts 2 (spray clear water) 46.0 0.70 57.8
C sprays liquid fertilizer of the present invention 49.8 0.78 66.8
2, Yield And Yield Components changes
Example 7
Be below the result of use of fertilizer of the present invention, what use is the formula of embodiment 1, and contrast plot is all located at test plot periphery.
Test kind: soybean is closed rich No. 40
Test period, place: the 5-10 month in 2011, Jianhua District, Qiqihaer City
Test plot 1 fertilization mode: CK is by local habits fertilization
Test plot 2 fertilization modes: CK+ base fertilizer and the same habits fertilization that topdresses, use fresh water spraying blade face once at soybean bloom.
Test plot 3 fertilization modes: CK+ base fertilizer and the same habits fertilization that topdresses, at soybean bloom fertilizer of the present invention.250 milliliters, add water 200 times and spray blade face once, spraying method is identical with processing 2.
1, the field of different treatment method fertility performance
Test is processed Plant height (cm) Stem thick (cm) Fresh weight (g/ strain)
A contrasts 1 (blank) 32.0 0.59 30.2
B contrast 2 (spray clear water 32.1 0.0.61 31.0
C sprays liquid fertilizer of the present invention 35.5 0.68 33.6
2, Yield And Yield Components changes

Claims (2)

1. a multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer, is characterized in that: effective constituent and weight part proportioning in multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer raw material are as follows:
In above-mentioned raw materials, solid feed granularity need reach 240 order to 400 orders.
2. prepare a method for multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that:
(1) CM composite bacteria liquid is cultivated: together with the ratio of CM composite bacteria and water 1:10, put into tank, with light-illuminating, temperature, between 15-20 degree, is cultivated and can be used after 7 days;
(2) fermentation for the first time: medical stone, humic acids, pyrethrin, brown sugar, matrine, honey, cinnabar, alum, ethylicin, Kusnezoff Monkshood Root, the mould spirit of evil, camphor, CM composite bacteria nutrient solution and water are put into fermentor tank according to the above ratio, fully stir, temperature is within 20-30 degree, stir every day twice, ferment after 7-10 days, enter fermentation for the second time;
(3) prepare multi-functional organic liquid fertilizer: the fermented liq of fermentation is for the first time extracted out and is placed in another fermentor tank, ferment for the second time in the ratio of fermented liquid and water 30-70, temperature, within 20-30 degree, stirs twice every day, ferment after 7 days, product.
CN201210300439.7A 2012-08-11 2012-08-11 Multifunctional organic liquid fertilizer and processing method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102786352B (en)

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CN103739353B (en) * 2013-12-14 2015-07-22 王龙潮 Biological resource aqueous fertilizer for wheat and preparation method thereof
CN104068029A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-10-01 江苏省绿盾植保农药实验有限公司 Bactericide composition containing hymexazol and ethylicin
CN104447090B (en) * 2014-11-28 2017-05-31 韦方华 A kind of ecological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104692969A (en) * 2015-02-14 2015-06-10 姜华 Biological humic acid liquid fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1282720A (en) * 2000-09-19 2001-02-07 田险峰 Multi-element dual-effect composite fertilizer synthesised of minerals and Chinese-medicinal materials and its preparing process
CN1408686A (en) * 2001-10-01 2003-04-09 刘仁松 Organic liquid fertilizer and its preparing method
CN101456770A (en) * 2008-12-24 2009-06-17 田勇 Biological organic fertilizer concentrate and method for producing the same
CN101508605A (en) * 2009-03-26 2009-08-19 咸阳绿地灵农业服务有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer and method for producing the same
CN101898916A (en) * 2009-06-01 2010-12-01 李毓芳 Water soluble organic fertilizer
CN102674981A (en) * 2012-06-11 2012-09-19 内蒙古永业农丰生物科技有限责任公司 Preparation and application of compound chemical fertilizer capable of promoting growth and health of plants

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Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1282720A (en) * 2000-09-19 2001-02-07 田险峰 Multi-element dual-effect composite fertilizer synthesised of minerals and Chinese-medicinal materials and its preparing process
CN1408686A (en) * 2001-10-01 2003-04-09 刘仁松 Organic liquid fertilizer and its preparing method
CN101456770A (en) * 2008-12-24 2009-06-17 田勇 Biological organic fertilizer concentrate and method for producing the same
CN101508605A (en) * 2009-03-26 2009-08-19 咸阳绿地灵农业服务有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer and method for producing the same
CN101898916A (en) * 2009-06-01 2010-12-01 李毓芳 Water soluble organic fertilizer
CN102674981A (en) * 2012-06-11 2012-09-19 内蒙古永业农丰生物科技有限责任公司 Preparation and application of compound chemical fertilizer capable of promoting growth and health of plants

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