CN102785276A - Method for dyeing woods by using natural plant - Google Patents

Method for dyeing woods by using natural plant Download PDF

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CN102785276A
CN102785276A CN 201210302366 CN201210302366A CN102785276A CN 102785276 A CN102785276 A CN 102785276A CN 201210302366 CN201210302366 CN 201210302366 CN 201210302366 A CN201210302366 A CN 201210302366A CN 102785276 A CN102785276 A CN 102785276A
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dyeing
method
plant
natural
wood
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CN 201210302366
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Chinese (zh)
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孙静
房文静
李宁
符韵林
罗建举
罗运生
苏初旺
骆强
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广西大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for dyeing woods by using a natural plant. The natural plant is adopted for replacing an artificial dye to dye the woods; according to differences of chemical compositions of effective components of the plant used in dyeing, the method is divided into a boiling dyeing method and a dipping method. With the adoption of the method provided by the invention, dye liquor can be extracted from the natural plant, so that the purpose of dyeing a wood veneer can be achieved; the method is safe, environment-friendly, non-toxic and innocuous; damage of the artificial dye to a human body can be reduced; a natural regenerative resource is adequately utilized; the method has a better biodegradability and an environmental compatibility; toxicity of dyeing wastewater can be greatly reduced, so that the method is beneficial to reducing sewage treatment load, protecting ecological environment and reducing the damage to the human body safety; and meanwhile, a natural plant dye has a certain health-care effect.

Description

用天然植物染色木材的方法 Natural plant dyeing method of wood

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于木材改性中木材染色领域,涉及ー种用天然植物染色木材的方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of dyeing wood in wood modification, to a method of using natural plant species ー stained wood. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,木材单板染色一般是采用酸性染料、活性染料、碱性染料或金属离子染色。 [0002] Currently, wood veneer staining generally used acid dyes, reactive dyes, basic dyes or metal ion staining. 然而,这些传统染色方法都存在一定弊端,特别是污染环境,威胁人类健康。 However, these traditional dyeing methods have some drawbacks, especially the pollution of the environment, threaten human health. 其中某些染料还被认为含有致癌物质芳香胺,因而有些国家、地区的环保法规中明令限用或禁用。 Some of these dyes are also believed to contain carcinogenic aromatic amines and therefore environmental regulations in some countries and regions in explicitly restricted or banned.

[0003] 在这样的国际形势下,植物染色的概念脱颖而出,受到越来越广泛的关注与认可。 [0003] In this international situation, the concept of plant dyeing stand out by more and more attention and recognition. 所谓植物染色是指利用大自然中自然生长的花草树木以及各种含有色素的植物来对被染物进行染色的ー种方法,目前只应用在织物染色上。 It refers to the so-called plant dyeing ー dyeing method of using the dyed nature naturally grown trees and flowers and plants containing various pigments, is currently only used in fabric dyeing. 使用天然植物染色,同时在染色过程中不使用或极少使用化学助剂,其残渣废液不会造成污染,是ー种古老而又绿色环保的染色エ艺,也称“草木染色”。 The use of natural plant dyeing, while not used in the dyeing process or minimal use of chemical additives, which do not pollute the waste residue, is ー kinds of ancient and green stained Ester Arts, also known as "grass stain." 天然植物染料大多无毒无害,对皮肤无过敏性和致癌性,具有较好的生物可降解性和环境相容性。 Most natural vegetable dyes non-toxic, non-allergenic to the skin and carcinogenicity, having good biodegradability and environmental compatibility. 而且,ー些天然的植物染料来自药用植物,其本身也有一定的保健功效。 Moreover, some natural plant dyes ー from medicinal plants, which itself also has some health benefits.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供ー种安全环保的用天然植物染色木材的方法,尤其适合应用在对木材单板的染色上。 [0004] The present invention to solve the technical problem is to provide a method for staining wood with natural plant species ー safety and environmental protection, especially for applications in stained wood veneer.

[0005]为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用如下技术方案:用天然植物染色木材的方法,采用天然植物做染料染色木材。 [0005] To solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions: A method for dyeing wood natural plant, dyes made using natural plant timber.

[0006] 木材为桉树、灰木蓮、红椎或米老排的木材单板。 [0006] eucalyptus wood, magnolia gray, red or vertebral laosensis wood veneer. 其中,桉木系滲透性最差、最难染透的材质,应用本法后效果良好,其他木材如灰木蓮、红椎、米老排等也均成功染色。 Among them, eucalyptus Department permeability worst, most difficult to dye through the material, the method was applied to good effect, other wood such as ash magnolia, red vertebra, Mytilaria, also are successful staining. 因此,本发明应能普遍适用于所有木材。 Therefore, the invention should be generally applicable to all wood.

[0007] 本发明染色木材的方法又分为煮染法和浸溃法。 Method [0007] The present invention is divided into the cooking wood dye staining and impregnation method. 因为各染色植物有效成分的化学组成上看,可分为靛类、蒽醌类、黄酮类、生物碱类、多酚类、苯并吡喃类、ニ酮类、类胡萝卜素类。 Because each of the chemical composition of the active ingredient dyeing plant point of view, can be divided into indigo, anthraquinone, flavonoids, alkaloids, polyphenols, benzopyran, ni ketones, carotenoids. 其化学结构不同决定了染色エ艺的不同,靛类(靛蓝)具有还原性,需要用还原法制备;蒽醌类(茜草、紫草)难溶于水,易溶于醇类溶剤,受热易分解,需要用浸溃法染色外,其余染色植物都可以用煮染法进行染色。 The chemical structure different determinants different staining Ester arts, indigoid (Indigo) having reducibility, Prepared by the need; anthraquinones (madder, Lithospermum) insoluble in water, soluble in alcohol solvent Ji, easy to heat decomposition, dipping need staining, the rest dyeing plant can be dyed with boiled staining.

[0008] 其中,煮染法是将天然植物与水以质量比为1:50〜1:120放入锅中加热煮沸 [0008] wherein staining is boiled natural plant with water at a mass ratio of 1: 50~1: 120 into the pot and heated to boiling

0. 5〜3小吋,滤出染液加入漂白后的木材单板,继续加热煮沸0. 5〜3小时后,取出洗净晾干,即可;适用煮染法的天然植物来自苏木、姜黄、梔子、红花、黄柏、槐花、石榴皮、洋葱、艾叶、茶。 After 0.5 inch 5~3 small, the dye was filtered off after addition of bleaching wood veneer, heating was continued to boil 0. 5~3 hours, remove the dry cleaning can; for cook staining hematoxylin from natural plant, turmeric, gardenia, safflower, Cork, SJ, peel, onion, leaves, tea.

[0009] 而浸溃法是将天然植物与溶剂按质量比1:30〜1:100浸泡12〜24小时,过滤出植物残渣后制得染液;再将已漂白后的木材单板放入染液,浸溃12〜48小时,取出洗净晾干,即可,该法可染色木材表面;适用浸溃法的天然植物来自茜草、紫草。 [0009] impregnation method is the natural plant with a solvent mass ratio of 1: 30~1: 12~24 hours immersion 100, the dye was filtered off to obtain plant residues; was then bleached wood veneer into the bath dipping 12~48 hours, remove the dry cleaned, to the wood surface staining method can; suitable impregnation method from natural plant madder, comfrey.

[0010] 浸溃法中的溶剂为水或こ醇。 [0010] The impregnation process solvent is water or an alcohol ko. [0011] 上述方法染色过程中加入渗透剂、均染剂、固色剂中的ー种或多种。 [0011] The penetrant is added during the dyeing method, a leveling agent, ー or more fixing agents.

[0012] 渗透剂为渗透剂JFC,均染剂为NaCl,固色剂为固色剂ZF。 [0012] penetrant penetrant JFC, leveling agents as NaCl, fixing agent is a fixing agent ZF.

[0013] 上述方法中,取出的木材单板采用明矾溶液、柠檬酸溶液、碳酸钠溶液或硫酸铜溶液进行媒染。 [0013] In the above-described method, using the extracted wood veneer alum solution, citric acid solution, sodium carbonate solution or a copper sulphate solution mordant.

[0014] 在不同染色环境及不同助剂染媒的作用下,应用本发明染色木材可呈现出不同颜色。 [0014] Under the effect of different dyeing and dyeing auxiliaries media of different environments, applications of the present invention may be dyed wood exhibit different colors. 如用苏木为染料时,在无助剂染媒条件下,顔色暗红,接近红木色,可用于普通树种仿名贵木材加工技木;经过明矾染媒,木片晾干后则呈桃红,顔色更加鲜艳自然,与之前的暗红不同,更接近粉红,自然均匀;在酸性助剂柠檬酸的处理下,木片晾干后呈黄色,顔色自然,接近原木色;在碱性助剂碳酸钠的处理下,木片晾干颜色偏紫红,色彩极淡,但上色均匀且可染透。 When such a dye with hematoxylin, medium without transfection aid conditions, the color of dark red, mahogany color close, can be used in common species of wood imitation of precious wood processing techniques; alum after transfection medium, after the dry chips was pink, color NATURAL more vivid, and distinct before dark, pink closer to natural uniform; acid aids in the process of citric acid, after drying a yellow wood, natural colors, close to the wood color; auxiliaries in alkaline sodium carbonate under treatment, partial color purple dry wood, very light color, but the color can be dyed evenly and thoroughly.

[0015] 植物染色虽然在我国很早就发现并开始使用,但一直作为织物染色方法。 [0015] Although long known that plant dyeing and start using in our country, but has been used as fabric dyeing method. 发明人·首次将其运用到木材染色领域,利用天然植物染料制备染液,然后通过染液染色木材。 · Inventor for the first time applying it to the field of wood stain, use of natural plant dye preparation of dye, then dye staining wood. 本发明改变了传统木材单板的染色方法,采用天然植物代替人工染料,从天然植物中萃取染液,以达到染色木材单板的目的。 The present invention changes the traditional method of dyeing wood veneer, instead of doing so using natural plant dyes, dye extracted from natural plant, for the purpose of dyeing wood veneer. 因为天然植物染色主要针对的是木材植物纤维,而木材植物纤维与植物染料几乎是同宗同根,有很好的亲和作用,所以以原生态的植物染料进行染色,是最自然的方法。 Because the natural plant dyeing is aimed primarily wood plant fiber, wood and plant fibers and vegetable dyes are cousins ​​almost the same root, have a good affinity interaction, so the original ecology of plant dyes for dyeing, is the most natural way. 应用本发明安全环保、无毒无害,不仅可以减少人工染料对人体的危害,充分利用天然可再生资源,也具有较好的生物可降解性和环境相容性,而且可以大大減少染色废水的毒性,有利于减少污水处理负担,保护生态环境,降低了对人体安全的危害;同时,天然植物染料本身也有一定的保健功效。 Application security and environmental protection, non-toxic and harmless to the present invention, not only can reduce the health hazards of artificial dyes, make full use of renewable natural resources, but also has good biodegradability and environmental compatibility, and can greatly reduce the dyeing wastewater toxicity, helps to reduce the burden on wastewater treatment, protecting the environment, reducing the harm to human security; at the same time, natural plant dyes themselves also have some health benefits.

[0016] 我国幅员辽阔,地理、气候等自然条件复杂多祥,染料植物资源丰富,据估计,至少有1000〜5000种植物可提取色素,许多染料植物还兼具有药草或避邪的作用,如用于染红色的苏木具有杀菌解毒、止血消肿的功效。 [0016] our vast natural conditions, geography, climate and other complex multi-cheung, dyes rich plant resources, it is estimated that there are at least 1000~5000 plants can be extracted pigments, dyes many plant and also has the effect of herbs or evil, such as for hematoxylin stained red with sterilization detoxification, bleeding swelling effect. 这些兼具药草与染料身分的天然植物,使得染料具有杀菌、防虫、预防皮肤病传播与提神醒脑等特殊疗效。 The identity of both herbs and natural plant dyes, such dyes with sterilization, pest control, prevention of spread of special effects and skin diseases like refreshing.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0017] 实施例I [0017] Example I

[0018] 将苏木50g与水5000g (即质量比1:100)混合,放入锅中加热,煮沸I小时(从煮沸始计);I小时后,把苏木栋出滤出染液,加入适量已漂白晚干后的按树木片(规格:60mmX60mm, Imm〜2mm厚的桉树旋切单板),继续加热至煮沸,煮沸I小时;然后,取出木片 [0018] The hematoxylin 50g 5000g with water (i.e., mass ratio of 1: 100) were mixed, heated into the pot, I hour boiling (boiling from the beginning count); After I hour, the dye was filtered off and the hematoxylin buildings, adding an appropriate amount Night tree bleached sheet (size: 60mmX60mm, Imm~2mm eucalyptus thick veneer peeling) after dry heating was continued to boil, boiled for I hour; then removed chips

洗净晾干,即可。 Dry cleaned, you can.

[0019] 晾干木片暗红,顔色自然,不做作,类似于红木色,若稍加改进可应用于仿红木技术中。 [0019] dry dark wood, natural colors, not artificial, similar to mahogany color, little improvement can be applied if imitation mahogany art. 苏木与水质量比为1:60时颜色较深,苏木与水质量比为1:120时颜色较浅,不过都是暗红色,不鲜艳,但是十分自然。 Hematoxylin and water mass ratio 1:60 when darker, hematoxylin and water ratio of 1: 120 color lighter, but are dark red, not bright, but very natural.

[0020] 实施例2 [0020] Example 2

[0021] 将苏木50g与水5000g (即质量比1:100)混合,放入锅中加热,煮沸I小时(从煮沸始计);I小时后,把苏木栋出滤出染液,加入适量已漂白晚干后的按树木片(规格:60mmX60mm, Imm〜2mm厚的桉树旋切单板),继续加热至煮沸,煮沸I小时;然后,取出木片,放入质量浓度为10%的明矾溶液中,在水浴锅保持恒温80°C加热半个小时,再取出木片,洗净晾干,即可。 [0021] The hematoxylin 50g 5000g with water (i.e., mass ratio of 1: 100) were mixed, heated into the pot, I hour boiling (boiling from the beginning count); After I hour, the dye was filtered off and the hematoxylin buildings, adding an appropriate amount Night tree bleached sheet (size: 60mmX60mm, Imm~2mm eucalyptus thick veneer peeling) after dry heating was continued to boil, boiled for I hour; then, remove the chips, put into mass concentration of 10% alum solution and kept at a constant temperature water bath at 80 ° C for half an hour, then remove the chips, washed and dried, to. [0022] 晾干木片为桃红色,颜色更加鲜艳自然,与实施例I的暗红不同,更接近粉红,鲜艳明亮。 [0022] The dry chips is pink, the natural color more vivid, and dark different embodiments Example I, closer to pink, bright light.

[0023] 实施例3 [0023] Example 3

[0024] 将苏木50g与水5000g (即质量比1:100)混合,放入锅中加热,煮沸I小时(从煮沸始计);I小时后,把苏木栋出滤出染液,加入适量已漂白晚干后的按树木片(规格:60mmX60mm, Imm〜2mm厚的桉树旋切单板),继续加热至煮沸,煮沸I小时;然后,取出木片,放入pH = 4的柠檬酸溶液中,在水浴锅保持恒温80°C加热半个小时,再取出木片,洗净晾干,即可。 [0024] The hematoxylin 50g 5000g with water (i.e., mass ratio of 1: 100) were mixed, heated into the pot, I hour boiling (boiling from the beginning count); After I hour, the dye was filtered off and the hematoxylin buildings, adding an appropriate amount Night tree bleached sheet (size: 60mmX60mm, Imm~2mm eucalyptus thick veneer peeling) after dry heating was continued to boil, boiled for I hour; then, remove the chips, into the solution of citric acid pH = 4 , held in a thermostat water bath at 80 ° C for half an hour, then remove the chips, washed and dried, to.

[0025] 晾干木片为黄色,顔色自然,接近原木色,不同于实施例I和2的红色。 [0025] as a yellow dry wood, natural color, a color close to the log, and red 2 differs from Example I embodiment. 实验证明,在酸性环境下,苏木染液会由红色变为黄色,但仍然可以对木材染色。 Experiments show that, in an acidic environment, will hematoxylin dye from red to yellow, but still stained wood.

·[0026] 实施例4 * [0026] Example 4

[0027] 将苏木50g与水5000g (即质量比1:100)混合,放入锅中加热,煮沸I小时(从煮沸始计);I小时后,把苏木栋出滤出染液,加入适量已漂白晚干后的按树木片(规格:60mmX60mm, Imm〜2mm厚的桉树旋切单板),继续加热至煮沸,煮沸I小时;然后,取出木片,放入pH = 8的碳酸钠溶液中,在水浴锅保持恒温80°C加热半个小时,再取出木片,洗净晾 [0027] The hematoxylin 50g 5000g with water (i.e., mass ratio of 1: 100) were mixed, heated into the pot, I hour boiling (boiling from the beginning count); After I hour, the dye was filtered off and the hematoxylin buildings, adding an appropriate amount Night tree bleached sheet (size: 60mmX60mm, Imm~2mm eucalyptus thick veneer peeling) after dry heating was continued to boil, boiled for I hour; then, remove the chips, into a solution of sodium carbonate pH = 8 , maintain a constant temperature water bath at 80 ° C heating for half an hour, then remove the chips, dry cleaning

干,即可。 Dry, you can.

[0028] 晾干木片偏紫红,颜色极淡,但上色均匀且可染透。 [0028] Partial drying purple wood, very light color, but the color can be dyed evenly and thoroughly.

[0029] 实施例5 [0029] Example 5

[0030] 将姜黄50g与水3000g(即质量比1:60)混合,放入锅中加热,煮沸I小时(从煮沸始计);1小时后,把姜黄拣出滤出染液,加入适量已漂白晾干后的桉树木片(规格:60mmX60mm,Imm〜2mm厚的桉树旋切单板),继续加热至煮沸,煮沸I小时;然后,取出木片洗净晾干,即可。 [0030] 3000g of water and 50g turmeric (i.e. one sixty mass ratio) mixed into the pot is heated, boiled I h (counted from the beginning to boil); After 1 hour, the dye was filtered off and picked turmeric, adding an appropriate amount eucalyptus wood chips (size: 60mmX60mm, Imm~2mm eucalyptus veneer thickness) after drying bleached, heating was continued to boil, boiled for I hour; then removed dry cleaned chips can.

[0031] 晾干木片为黄色,颜色纯正。 [0031] The dry chips yellow, pure color.

[0032] 如需媒染,最后煮沸取出后,还可将染色后的木片放入质量浓度为10%的硫酸铜溶液中进行媒染,在水浴锅保持恒温80°C加热半个小时,再取出木片,洗净晾干,即可。 Copper sulfate solution [0032] For mordant, and finally removed after boiling, dyeing may also be placed after the chips mass concentration of 10% by mordanting carried out to maintain constant temperature at 80 ° C water bath for half an hour, then remove the chips , dry cleaned, you can. 硫酸铜媒染后,晾干木片为呈现黄緑色,顔色鲜艳明亮,略微有荧光的效果。 After copper sulfate mordant, dry wood is yellow-green, bright colors and bright, slightly effective fluorescence.

[0033] 实施例6 [0033] Example 6

[0034] 将桅子果50g与水3000g (即质量比1:60)混合,放入锅中加热,煮沸I小时(从煮沸始计);1小时后,把梔子果拣出滤出染液,加入适量已漂白晾干后的灰木蓮木片(规格:60mm X60mm, Imm〜2mm厚的灰木莲旋切单板),继续加热至煮沸,煮沸I小时;然后,取出木片洗净晾干,即可。 [0034] The fruit of Gardenia 50g and 3000g water (i.e., one sixty mass ratio) mixed into the pot is heated, boiled I h (counted from the beginning to boil); After 1 hour, the dye was filtered off culling Gardenia liquid, wood ash glauca (size: 60mm X60mm, Imm~2mm veneer thick gray glauca) after adding an appropriate amount of dry bleached, heating was continued to boil, boiled for I hour; then, remove the dry wash chips , you can.

[0035] 晾干木片为黄色,颜色纯正。 [0035] The dry chips yellow, pure color.

[0036] 如需媒染,最后煮沸取出后,还可将染色后的木片放入质量浓度为10%的明矾溶液中进行媒染,在水浴锅保持恒温80°C加热半个小时,再取出木片,洗净晾干,即可。 Alum solution [0036] For mordant, and finally removed after boiling, dyeing may also be placed after the chips mass concentration of 10% by mordanting carried out to maintain constant temperature at 80 ° C for half an hour, then remove the chips in the water bath, dry cleaned, you can. 明矾媒染后,晾干木片颜色更深更鲜艳。 Alum mordant, dry wood color deeper and more vivid.

[0037] 实施例7 [0037] Example 7

[0038] 将红花IOOg装入细网袋中,加水500g不断揉搓30分钟,倒出黄色汁液,加等量水再重复两次,共取得约1500g黄色汁液(即质量比1:15),加入适量已漂白晾干后的灰木蓮木片(规格:60mm X60mm, Imm〜2mm厚的灰木莲旋切单板),加热至煮沸,煮沸I小时;然后,取出木片放入质量浓度为10%的明矾溶液中进行媒染,在水浴锅保持恒温80°C加热半个小时,再取出木片,洗净晾干,即可。 [0038] safflower IOOg charged fine mesh bag, water was added 500g massaging 30 minutes, pour the yellow juice, add equal amount of water was repeated twice, a total of about 1500g yellow sap (i.e., mass ratio of 1:15), Add Manglietia wood ash (size: 60mm X60mm, Imm~2mm veneer thick gray glauca) bleached amount after drying was heated to boiling, boiled for I hour; then removed chips into the mass concentration of 10% alum mordant solution for, maintain constant temperature at 80 ° C water bath for half an hour, then remove the chips, washed and dried, to.

[0039] 晾干木片为黄色,颜色纯正。 [0039] The dry chips yellow, pure color.

[0040] 实施例8 [0040] Example 8

[0041] 将红花IOOg装入细网袋中,加水500g不断揉搓30分钟,倒出黄色汁液,加等量水再重复两次,倒掉黄色汁液,再把分离出黄色素的红花,加入40°C温水2000g、10克碳酸钠(或稻草灰汁),戴手套不断搓洗,I小时后水呈褐色,过滤取出红花,加入醋酸中和至PH=7,颜色稍转红后加温至50°C,放入适量已漂白晾干后的灰木莲木片(规格:60mmX60mm,Imm〜2_厚的灰木莲旋切单板),染色半小时后,洗净晾干,即可。 [0041] safflower IOOg charged fine mesh bag, water was added 500g massaging 30 minutes, pour the yellow juice, add equal amount of water was repeated twice, a yellow juice drained, then isolated Yellow pigment, was added warm 40 ° C 2000g, 10 g of sodium carbonate (straw or lye), gloves continue scrub water brown after I hour, safflower removed by filtration, and acetic acid was added to PH = 7, turn slightly red color after heating to 50 ° C, the ash into the amount of magnolia wood bleached dry (specifications: 60mmX60mm, Imm~2_ thick veneer peeling gray glauca), stained after half an hour, washed and dried, to .

[0042] 晾干木片为粉红色调,顔色自然淡雅。 [0042] The dry chips pink tone, a natural elegant color.

[0043] 实施例9 [0043] Example 9

[0044] 将茜草IOOg与水3000g (即质量比1:30)混合,放入锅中加热,煮沸2小时(从煮沸始计)至泡沫加入柠檬酸10g,滤出植物残渣得染液,加入适量已漂白晾干后的桉树木片(规格:60mm X60mm, Imm〜2mm厚的桉树旋切单板),继续加热至煮沸,煮沸I小时;然后,取出木片洗净晾干,即可。 [0044] The madder IOOg 3000g with water (i.e., mass ratio of 1:30) were mixed into the pot is heated, boiled for 2 hours (from start to boil basis) of citric acid was added to the foam 10g, plant residues obtained dye was filtered off, was added eucalyptus wood chips (size: 60mm X60mm, Imm~2mm eucalyptus veneer thickness) after drying of bleached amount, heating was continued to boil, boiled for I hour; then removed dry cleaned chips can.

[0045] 晾干木片为淡红色,顔色自然清新。 [0045] dry wood to light red, natural, fresh color.

[0046] 实施例10 [0046] Example 10

[0047] 将茜草IOOg在水4000g中发酵24小时,然后以こ醇IOOOmL为溶剂,在加热回流装置中煮沸2小时,滤出植物残渣得染液,加入适量已漂白晾干后的桉树木片(规格:60mmX60mm, Imm〜2mm厚的桉树旋切单板),继续加热至煮沸,煮沸I小时;然后,取出木片 [0047] The madder IOOg 24 hours of fermentation in 4000 g of water, and then IOOOmL ko alcohol as solvent, boiling in the apparatus was heated to reflux for 2 hours, filtered off and plant residues obtained dye, the amount added after eucalyptus wood chips dried bleached ( Specifications: 60mmX60mm, Imm~2mm thick veneer peeling eucalyptus), heating was continued to boil, boiled for I hour; then removed chips

洗净晾干,即可。 Dry cleaned, you can.

[0048] 晾干木片为红色,颜色自然纯正。 [0048] dry wood chips in red, the color of pure nature.

[0049] 实施例11 [0049] Example 11

[0050] 将切碎的紫草IOOg按质量比1:30在3000gこ醇中密封浸泡24小时,期间适量翻动搅拌揉搓,过滤出植物残渣后制得染液;再将适量已漂白晾干后的桉树木片(规格:60mmX60mm, Imm〜2mm厚的桉树旋切单板)放入染液,浸溃24小时,取出木片放入质量浓度为10%的明矾溶液中进行媒染,在水浴锅保持恒温80°C加热半个小时,再取出木片,洗浄晾干,即可。 Then the appropriate amount of dry bleached; [0050] The minced mass ratio of 1:30 IOOg Lithospermum soak for 24 hours in a sealed 3000g ko alcohol, knead amount during turning, the dye was filtered off to obtain the residue after plant eucalyptus wood chips (size: 60mmX60mm, Imm~2mm eucalyptus veneer thickness) was placed in dyebath, dipping for 24 hours, remove the chips into a mass concentration of 10% for alum mordant solution, maintained at a constant temperature water bath at 80 ° C for half an hour, then remove the chips, washed and dried, to. 依法可重复染色。 According to the law can be repeated staining.

[0051] 晾干木片表面染出紫色,顔色自然淡雅。 [0051] surface of the wood to dry dyed purple, the color of natural and elegant.

Claims (8)

  1. 1. 一种用天然植物染色木材的方法,其特征在于采用天然植物做染料染色木材。 A method for dyeing wood using natural plant, characterized in that a natural plant dyes do wood.
  2. 2.根据权利要求I所述的用天然植物染色木材的方法,其特征在于:所述木材为桉树、灰木莲、红椎或米老排的木材单板。 The natural wood plant dyeing method according to claim I, wherein: said timber is a eucalyptus, magnolia gray, red or vertebral laosensis wood veneer.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的用天然植物染色木材的方法,其特征在于:将天然植物与水以质量比为1:50〜1:120放入锅中加热煮沸O. 5〜3小时,滤出染液加入漂白后的木材单板,继续加热煮沸O. 5〜3小时后,取出洗净晾干,即可;所述天然植物来自苏木、姜黄、桅子、红花、黄柏、槐花、石榴皮、洋葱、艾叶、茶。 3. natural wood plant dyeing method of claim 2, wherein: the natural plant with water in a mass ratio of 1: 50~1: 120 into the pot and heated to boiling O. 5~3 hours, after filtering off the dye is added after bleaching wood veneer, heating was continued to boil O. 5~3 hours, remove the dry cleaning can; hematoxylin from a natural plant, turmeric, gardenia, safflower, Cork, Sophora japonica, pomegranate rind, onion, leaves, tea.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的用天然植物染色木材的方法,其特征在于:将天然植物与溶剂按质量比1:30〜1:100浸泡12〜24小时,过滤出植物残渣后制得染液;再将已漂白后的木材单板放入染液,浸溃12〜48小时,取出洗净晾干,即可;所述天然植物来自紫草。 4. natural wood plant dyeing method of claim 2, wherein: the natural plant mass to solvent ratio of 1: 30~1: After 100 hours of immersion 12~24, filtered transfected plant residues obtained solution; then the wood veneer was placed after bleaching liquor, dipping 12~48 hours, remove the dry cleaning can; Lithospermum from a natural plant.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的用天然植物染色木材的方法,其特征在于:所述溶剂为水或乙醇。 The method for dyeing natural plant timber according to claim 4, wherein: the solvent is water or ethanol.
  6. 6.根据权利要求3或4所述的用天然植物染色木材的方法,其特征在于染色过程中加入渗透剂、均染剂、固色剂中的一种或多种。 The natural plant dyeing timber 3 or claim 4, characterized in that the dye is added during penetrant, leveling agents, color fixing agent of one or more.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的用天然植物染色木材的方法,其特征在于:所述渗透剂为渗透剂JFC,所述均染剂为NaCl,所述固色剂为固色剂ZF。 7. A method for dyeing natural plant timber according to claim 6, wherein: said permeant is the JFC penetrant, the leveling agent is NaCl, the fixing agent is a fixing agent ZF.
  8. 8.根据权利要求3或4所述的用天然植物染色木材的方法,其特征在于:取出的木材单板采用明矾溶液、柠檬酸溶液、碳酸钠溶液或硫酸铜溶液进行媒染。 8. A method for dyeing natural plant timber according to claim 3 or claim 4, wherein: using the extracted wood veneer alum solution, citric acid solution, sodium carbonate solution or a copper sulphate solution mordant.
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CN103934872A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-23 沈阳大学 Bamboo and wood product coloring method without toxicity
CN104085019A (en) * 2014-06-21 2014-10-08 安徽华安达集团工艺品有限公司 Soaking liquid for modifying pampas grass and making pampas grass old and use method thereof
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CN105291223A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-02-03 北京市植物园 Wood chip dyeing method and application of dyed wood chips
CN105946079A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-09-21 杭州非白文化艺术策划有限公司 Plant dyeing method for bamboo skin
CN106891404A (en) * 2017-04-08 2017-06-27 阜南县永盛工艺品有限公司 Dyeing method for improving corn bract dyeing effect
CN107116641A (en) * 2017-04-08 2017-09-01 阜南县永盛工艺品有限公司 Processing method for improving coloring performance of cotton hull
CN107160511A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-09-15 杨芳 Wooden product wax printing method and wax printed wooden product
CN107234694A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-10-10 李超 Manufacturing process for bamboo weaved and knitted product
CN107322725A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-11-07 安徽信达家居有限公司 Archaized coloring method for wood chips through natural colorant

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CN101733802A (en) * 2010-02-04 2010-06-16 苏州市职业大学 Antique dyeing formula and dyeing method for pit carvings
KR101023447B1 (en) * 2010-05-25 2011-03-25 주식회사 참빛나무공작소 Dyeing method of wood sign using natural pigment and wood sign manufactured by the method

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CN1621208A (en) * 2003-11-24 2005-06-01 沈伟平 Process for preparing health-care bamboo mattress
CN1865580A (en) * 2006-06-20 2006-11-22 大连轻工业学院 Method for mordant printing on fabric dyed by natural vegetable dye
CN101733802A (en) * 2010-02-04 2010-06-16 苏州市职业大学 Antique dyeing formula and dyeing method for pit carvings
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103934872A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-23 沈阳大学 Bamboo and wood product coloring method without toxicity
CN104085019A (en) * 2014-06-21 2014-10-08 安徽华安达集团工艺品有限公司 Soaking liquid for modifying pampas grass and making pampas grass old and use method thereof
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CN105017800A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-04 宁波广源纺织品有限公司 Natural wormwood vegetable dye and its preparation method and use
CN105291223A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-02-03 北京市植物园 Wood chip dyeing method and application of dyed wood chips
CN105946079A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-09-21 杭州非白文化艺术策划有限公司 Plant dyeing method for bamboo skin
CN106891404A (en) * 2017-04-08 2017-06-27 阜南县永盛工艺品有限公司 Dyeing method for improving corn bract dyeing effect
CN107116641A (en) * 2017-04-08 2017-09-01 阜南县永盛工艺品有限公司 Processing method for improving coloring performance of cotton hull
CN107116641B (en) * 2017-04-08 2018-10-02 阜南县德盛隆工艺家具有限公司 A method of treating colored cotton shell for performance
CN107234694A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-10-10 李超 Manufacturing process for bamboo weaved and knitted product
CN107322725A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-11-07 安徽信达家居有限公司 Archaized coloring method for wood chips through natural colorant
CN107160511A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-09-15 杨芳 Wooden product wax printing method and wax printed wooden product

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