CN102774589B - Garbage compressor and garbage container automatic interface conversion device - Google Patents

Garbage compressor and garbage container automatic interface conversion device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102774589B
CN102774589B CN201210295458.5A CN201210295458A CN102774589B CN 102774589 B CN102774589 B CN 102774589B CN 201210295458 A CN201210295458 A CN 201210295458A CN 102774589 B CN102774589 B CN 102774589B
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China
Prior art keywords
garbage container
traversing platform
trash compactor
garbage
guide rail
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CN201210295458.5A
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CN102774589A (en
Inventor
魏正康
黄�良
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SHANGHAI GREEN CYCLE ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI GREEN CYCLE ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage compressor and garbage container automatic interface conversion device which comprises a guide rail, a transversely-moving platform, a driving device, a push-and-pull mechanism and a hold locking mechanism, wherein the guide rail is transversely arranged relatively to a garbage compressor; the transversely-moving platform is arranged on the guide rail and can transversely move relatively to the garbage compressor along the guide rail; the driving device is used for driving the transversely-moving platform to move along the guide rail; the push-and-pull mechanism is arranged on the transversely-moving platform and is used for driving a garbage container arranged on the transversely-moving platform to vertically move relatively to the garbage compressor along the transversely-moving platform; and the hold locking mechanism is arranged on the garbage compressor and is used for locking the garbage container when the garbage container is connected with the garbage compressor in a matching way. The device can be used for automatically exchanging the garbage container rapidly and accurately, so that the labor force is greatly reduced, and the labor intensity of workers can be lightened.

Description

The automatic interface switching device of trash compactor and garbage container
Technical field
The present invention relates to garbage-compressing technology, be specifically related to a kind of switching mechanism of garbage container.
Background technology
Along with people's living standard improves constantly, the requirement of environmental conditions also to be improved day by day, the Refuse bin of town and country traditional sense can not meet the requirement of people to new ideas such as efficient, environmental protection, low energies, so the popularization of compressed garbage station is imperative.Compacting refuse transfer station is little with its floor area, hidden, and space structure is reasonable, is leading the development of garbage transfer station industry.
The rubbish of collecting is transported to refuse transfer station by special waste-skip.Cram packer has been hermetic.Rubbish will carry out first step processing after being transported to transfer point (garbage transfer station).First by sorting machine, classified, be divided into organic matter and inorganic matter, and available and not available.Rubbish for large volume also will compress processing; Afterwards, these rubbish are classified and transport.
Trash compactor is to realize garbage-compressing to subtract one of major equipment of appearance, is also the main treatment facility of refuse transfer station.It is that a kind of rubbish that collection is come by HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM compresses, to reduce the machinery of garbage bulk.The efficiency of small-sized rubbish compressor disposal of refuse is low.In, although the compression volume of large-scale trash compactor is large, need to build special large-scale discharging platform, floor area is larger, Civil Cost is also very high.
Generally when carrying out garbage-compressing adopt following two kinds of modes: 1, rubbish is pressed into bulk in the seal compression chamber of trash compactor, then disposable or minute push garbage container three times; 2 rubbish are directly pushed in garbage container and compress by compressor, treat that in rubbish container, garbage weight reaches preset value, and press cycles finishes.Garbage container is used for depositing year rubbish, and it need to join itself and trash compactor by artificial mode when being used in conjunction with trash compactor.Although the bottom of garbage container is provided with wheel, but because garbage container is that iron material is made, very large of the weight of himself, needs a large amount of manpowers to move, moreover it can not well control at moving direction, cannot realize with compressor and docking accurately fast.The weight that also has garbage container after pressure texture, while shifting out garbage container, more wastes time and energy, and greatly reduces the efficiency that garbage-compressing is processed; Adopt manual operation cannot guarantee the steady of garbage container moving process simultaneously, easily make the rubbish in garbage container drop out, pollute working environment.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to conventional garbage freight container and trash compactor existing problem when being used in conjunction with, and a kind of trash compactor and the automatic interface switching device of garbage container are provided.This device can be realized garbage container accurate transposing automatically fast, greatly reduces manpower, reduces workman's labour intensity.
For above-mentioned purpose greatly, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
The automatic interface switching device of trash compactor and garbage container, comprising:
Guide rail, described guide rail is with respect to trash compactor lateral arrangement;
Traversing platform, described traversing platform is placed on guide rail, and can be along guide rail with respect to trash compactor transverse shifting;
Actuating device, described actuating device drives traversing platform to move along guide rail;
Push-pull mechanism, described push-pull mechanism is arranged on traversing platform, and the garbage container promoting on traversing platform vertically moves with respect to trash compactor along traversing platform;
Embrace latch mechanism, described armful of latch mechanism is arranged on trash compactor, coordinates while joining, lock garbage container at garbage container with trash compactor.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, described device also comprises casing detent mechanism, and described casing detent mechanism is arranged on traversing platform, and the position of garbage container on traversing platform is positioned.
Further, described casing detent mechanism comprises a driving oil cylinder and Γ shape radius stay, described Γ shape radius stay is rotating to be placed on traversing platform, and described driving oil cylinder is placed on traversing platform, and drives the rotation of Γ shape radius stay to position the displacement of garbage container.
Further, described push-pull mechanism comprises and is arranged on the block of garbage container bottom, liftable lifting hook device and the push cylinder matching with block, described liftable lifting hook device is placed on traversing platform by moving track, and can do the movement vertical with respect to trash compactor along moving track; Described push cylinder is placed on traversing platform, and drives liftable lifting hook device to move along moving track.
Further, described liftable lifting hook device comprises drag hook and the driving oil cylinder that drives drag hook to move up and down.
Further, described armful of latch mechanism comprises latch hook and clamping oil cylinder, rotating being arranged on trash compactor and with the case mouth of garbage container of described latch hook matched, described clamping oil cylinder is arranged on trash compactor, and drive latch hook rotate to clamp garbage container, make that garbage container and trash compactor are affixed to be coordinated.
Further, on described traversing platform, be provided with alignment sensor.
The present invention who obtains according to such scheme has the following advantages:
(1) simple in structure, be easy to realize;
(2) whole device is realized the automation of garbage container displacement, and whole process, without artificial participation, greatly reduces manpower requirement, reduces workman's labour intensity simultaneously;
(3) whole replacement process speed is fast, greatly increases work efficiency;
(4) adopt the common cooperation of oil cylinder and registration device, effectively guarantee the accuracy rate of replacement process, effectively the reliability of assurance device;
(5) whole control mechanism can adopt PLC to realize complete electrification.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, further illustrate the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that the present invention coordinates with trash compactor;
Fig. 2 is birds-eye view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is lateral plan of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the cutaway view of garbage container in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that the present invention uses.
The specific embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1, the automatic interface switching device 100 of trash compactor provided by the invention and garbage container is for realizing the automatic replacement of garbage container 300, and it mainly comprises guide rail 101, traversing platform 102, actuating device 103, push-pull mechanism 104, embraces five parts such as latch mechanism 105.
Guide rail 101 moves laterally with respect to cut somebody's hair 201 sense of motion of trash compactor 200 for realizing whole device.Thus, guide rail 101 is made transverse distribution with respect to 201 the sense of motion of cutting somebody's hair in trash compactor 200, and is parallel to each other between guide rail 101, and its height and mutual spacing are determined according to actual conditions.
Traversing platform 102, for carrying garbage container 300, is the main body that realizes garbage container automatic replacement.The bottom of traversing platform 102 is placed on guide rail 101, and matches with track 101, can move along guide rail 101, realizes thus with respect to 201 the sense of motion of cutting somebody's hair in trash compactor 200 and moving laterally.
As shown in Figure 2, for realizing the carrying to garbage container 300, the width of traversing platform 102 matches with the width of garbage container 300, its bearing of trend relative with trash compactor 200 (being perpendicular to guide rail 101 in horizontal direction).In the both sides of the load-bearing surface 102a of traversing platform 102, be provided with simultaneously with garbage container 300 bottom roller 301(as shown in Figure 4) the roller district 102b that matches, in the both sides of roller district 102b, be provided with positioning plate 102c simultaneously, thereby garbage container 300 bottom rollers 301 are limited in roller district 102b, realize the moving direction of accurately controlling garbage container 300, avoid the skew of garbage container 300 moving directions.
Moreover, roller district 102b is in the entrance of traversing platform 102, be arranged to flaring opening shape, be convenient to like this garbage container 300 and enter traversing platform 102, guiding by ringent entrance to garbage container 300 bottom rollers 301, can realize garbage container 300 and easily enter traversing platform 102.
In order accurately to control traversing platform 102 along the position of guide rail 101 transverse shiftings, on traversing platform 102, be provided with alignment sensor 102d, it can be controlled along the position of guide rail 101 transverse shiftings accurately to traversing platform 102.
Actuating device 103 is placed on guide rail, and for driving traversing platform 102 to move along guide rail 101, it can adopt multiple device as required, as hydraulic motor, motor, oil cylinder etc., as long as can reach the miles of relative movement of the traversing platform 102 of accurate control.
Push-pull mechanism 104 is placed on traversing platform 102, for promoting the garbage container 300 on traversing platform 102, make garbage container 300 along traversing platform movement, with respect to trash compactor 200, do vertical mobile, rubbish freight container 300 is coordinated with trash compactor 200, just in time cover and cut somebody's hair 201 on trash compactor.
Referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, push-pull mechanism 104 comprises and is arranged on the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms, the liftable lifting hook device 104b matching with block 104a and push cylinder 104c.
In order steadily to draw garbage container 300, guarantee the steady of its moving direction, block 104a is arranged on garbage container 300 bottom midways location.
Liftable lifting hook device 104b, for coordinating with block 104a, draws garbage container 300 by the movement of self.This device comprises a drag hook 104b1 and the driving oil cylinder 104b2 that drives drag hook to move up and down, the shape of drag hook 104b1 and block 104a match, drive oil cylinder 104b2 and drag hook 104b1 to join, drive drag hook 104b1 to move up and down, to realize drag hook 104b1, be combined and disengaging with block 104a.
In order to realize liftable lifting hook device 104b traction garbage container 300, liftable lifting hook device 104b is placed in the midway location of traversing platform 102 by a moving track 104d, liftable lifting hook device 104b can do the movement vertical with respect to trash compactor 200 along moving track 104d, can draw thus garbage container 300 and do towards the vertical movement of trash compactor 200, garbage container 300 is coordinated with trash compactor 200.
Push cylinder 104c is placed on traversing platform 102, and 104d matches with moving track, drives liftable lifting hook device 104b to move around along moving track 104d.
Embrace latch mechanism 105 and be arranged on trash compactor 200, while joining for coordinating with trash compactor 200 at garbage container 300, lock garbage container 300, so that the pressure head 201 on trash compactor 200 pushes rubbish or be pressed in garbage container.
Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 5, embrace latch mechanism 105 and comprise latch hook 105a and clamping oil cylinder 105b.Latch hook 105a is rotating to be placed on trash compactor, the shape of its front end coupler body matches with the case mouth of freight container 300, when latch hook 105a goes to level attitude, its front end coupler body just in time catches on freight container 300, and freight container 300 and trash compactor 200 are joined; When latch hook 105a leaves level attitude, its front end coupler body separates with freight container 300, and freight container 300 and trash compactor 200 are departed from.
Clamping oil cylinder 105b is for driving the rotation of latch hook 105a, and it is arranged on trash compactor, and drives latch hook to rotate to clamp garbage container, makes that garbage container and trash compactor are affixed to be coordinated.
Stability while joining with trash compactor 200 in order to make to improve freight container 300, embraces latch mechanism 105 in the bilateral symmetry setting of trash compactor 200, can be fixed from both sides so simultaneously.
On the basis of such scheme, the present invention also provides further prioritization scheme:
This prioritization scheme is, on traversing platform 102, casing detent mechanism 106 is set, by this casing detent mechanism 106, realize the accurate location that garbage container 300 is placed in to the position on traversing platform 102, the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms can accurately be coordinated with the drag hook 104b1 on liftable lifting hook device 104b, effectively increase work efficiency and precision.
Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, casing detent mechanism 106 comprises a driving oil cylinder 106a and Γ shape radius stay 106b, wherein Γ shape radius stay 106b matches with the roller 301 of garbage container 300 bottoms, when Γ shape radius stay 106b is contacted with the roller 301 of garbage container 300 bottoms, the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms is just in time corresponding with the drag hook 104b1 on liftable lifting hook device 104b on traversing platform 102.
For this reason, Γ shape radius stay 106b is placed in the roller district 102b on traversing platform 102, in the roller district of side 102b, offers a placement hole 106c, and Γ shape radius stay 106b is placed in placement hole 106c by the corner on it is rotating.When Γ shape radius stay 106b goes to when vertical with traversing platform 102, on Γ shape radius stay 106b and traversing platform 102, load-bearing surface 102a, in same plane, is convenient to the movement of garbage container 300 like this; When Γ shape radius stay 106b leaves upright position, load-bearing surface 102a on traversing platform 102 will be protruded in the top of Γ shape radius stay 106b, when the roller 301 with garbage container 300 bottoms contacts cooperation, the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms is just in time corresponding with the drag hook 104b1 on liftable lifting hook device 104b on traversing platform 102.
Drive oil cylinder 106a on traversing platform 102, for driving the rotation of Γ shape radius stay 106b, realize the location to garbage container position.
By this casing detent mechanism 106, can realize garbage container 300 and accurately coordinate with push-pull mechanism 104, improve greatly reliability and the work efficiency of whole freight container displacement.
The trash compactor and the automatic interface switching device 100 of garbage container that based on such scheme, form, its process of carrying out work is as follows:
Referring to Fig. 1-5, in this process, the actuating unit of whole device adopts PLC accurately to control, and can greatly improve reliability, accuracy rate and the work efficiency of device work.
The first step, the placement of garbage container
By lifting appliance or other driver trains, travel mechanism, empty garbage container 300 is placed on traversing platform 102, because traversing platform 102 matches with garbage container, the roller 301 of garbage container bottom can be placed in the roller region 102b on traversing platform 102, be convenient to like this adjustment of garbage container 300 positions.
Second step, garbage container location
Before this step starts, control and drive oil cylinder 106a action, drive Γ shape radius stay 106b to rotate, make its top protrude load-bearing surface 102a on traversing platform 102.
Adjust the placement location of garbage container 300, make the block 104a of its bottom just in time corresponding with the drag hook 104b1 on liftable lifting hook device 104b on traversing platform 102.For this reason, adjust the position of garbage container 300 on traversing platform 102, make the roller 301 on it contact cooperation with the Γ shape radius stay 106b protruding, it is just in time corresponding with the drag hook 104b1 on liftable lifting hook device 104b on traversing platform 102 that now the position of garbage container 300 just in time makes the block 104a on it; Simultaneously accessory drive 103 actions, drive traversing platform 102 along guide rail 101 transverse shiftings, make on traversing platform 102 garbage container 300 corresponding with trash compactor 200, complete thus the adjustment of garbage container.
The 3rd step, push-and-pull garbage container
Before this step starts, control and drive oil cylinder 106a action, drive Γ shape radius stay 106b to turn to upright position, make load-bearing surface 102a on its top and traversing platform 102 in same plane, be convenient to like this movement of freight container.
Control and drive oil cylinder 104b2 to drive drag hook 104b1 up to move, until match with the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms; Now control again push cylinder 104c towards trash compactor 200 direction motions, thereby drive garbage container 300 towards trash compactor 200 direction motions, until garbage container 300 contacts cooperation with trash compactor 200, cutting somebody's hair on it 201 can be entered in garbage container.Control and drive oil cylinder 104b2 to drive drag hook 104b1 down to move, make drag hook 104b1 depart from the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms.
The 4th step, embraces lock garbage container
Control clamping oil cylinder 105b action, drive latch hook 105a to rotate, make its front end coupler body just in time catch on freight container 300 freight container 300 and trash compactor 200 are joined.
The 5th step, loads rubbish
By cutting somebody's hair on trash compactor 200,201 rubbish is packed in garbage container 300, until case is full, unclamp the gate on trash compactor 200, complete rubbish and load.
The 6th step, unclamps garbage container
Control clamping oil cylinder 105b action, drive latch hook 105a to rotate, make its front end coupler body depart from freight container 300, freight container 300 and trash compactor 200 are unclamped.
The 7th step, garbage container is pulled out
Control and drive oil cylinder 104b2 to drive drag hook 104b1 up to move, until match with the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms; Now control again push cylinder 104c trash compactor 200 direction motions dorsad, thereby drive garbage container 300 trash compactor 200 direction motions dorsad.
The 8th step, traversing platform 102 is traversing
Accessory drive 103 actions, drive traversing platform 102 along guide rail 101 transverse shiftings, and by the position of the traversing platform 102 of alignment sensor 102d Real-time Obtaining, when reaching relevant position, accessory drive 103 stops action, the location that completes traversing platform 102 by corresponding positioning anchor.After completing location, by corresponding lifting appliance or other driver trains, travel mechanism, leave fully loaded garbage container under order traversing platform 102, reappose empty garbage container, carry out next and load recycle operation.
Above-mentioned whole process, without artificial participation, realizes the automation of whole process, and its working process is realized high efficiency, high precision, high reliability.
More than show and described groundwork of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical personnel of the industry should be understood; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and specification sheets, describes just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. the automatic interface switching device of trash compactor and garbage container, is characterized in that, described device comprises:
Guide rail, described guide rail is with respect to trash compactor lateral arrangement;
Traversing platform, described traversing platform is placed on guide rail, and can be along guide rail with respect to trash compactor transverse shifting;
Actuating device, described actuating device drives traversing platform to move along guide rail;
Push-pull mechanism, described push-pull mechanism is arranged on traversing platform, and the garbage container promoting on traversing platform vertically moves with respect to trash compactor along traversing platform; Described push-pull mechanism comprises and is arranged on the block of garbage container bottom, liftable lifting hook device and the push cylinder matching with block, described liftable lifting hook device is placed on traversing platform by moving track, and can do the movement vertical with respect to trash compactor along moving track; Described push cylinder is placed on traversing platform, and drives liftable lifting hook device to move along moving track; Described liftable lifting hook device comprises drag hook and the driving oil cylinder that drives drag hook to move up and down;
Embrace latch mechanism, described armful of latch mechanism is arranged on trash compactor, coordinates while joining, lock garbage container at garbage container with trash compactor;
Described device also comprises casing detent mechanism, and described casing detent mechanism is arranged on traversing platform, and the position of garbage container on traversing platform is positioned;
Described casing detent mechanism comprises a driving oil cylinder and Γ shape radius stay, and described Γ shape radius stay is rotating to be placed on traversing platform, and described driving oil cylinder is placed on traversing platform, and drives the rotation of Γ shape radius stay to position the displacement of garbage container; Described Γ shape radius stay matches with the roller of garbage container bottom, and when Γ shape radius stay is contacted with the roller of garbage container bottom, the block of garbage container bottom is just in time corresponding with the drag hook on liftable lifting hook device on traversing platform.
2. the automatic interface switching device of trash compactor according to claim 1 and garbage container, it is characterized in that, described armful of latch mechanism comprises latch hook and clamping oil cylinder, rotating being arranged on trash compactor and with the case mouth of garbage container of described latch hook matched, described clamping oil cylinder is arranged on trash compactor, and drive latch hook rotate to clamp garbage container, make that garbage container and trash compactor are affixed to be coordinated.
3. the automatic interface switching device of trash compactor according to claim 1 and garbage container, is characterized in that, on described traversing platform, is provided with alignment sensor.
CN201210295458.5A 2012-08-17 2012-08-17 Garbage compressor and garbage container automatic interface conversion device Active CN102774589B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103035422B (en) * 2012-12-24 2015-03-18 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Approach switch and horizontal garbage compressor
CN103318587B (en) * 2013-06-28 2015-12-30 长治清华机械厂 Refuse transfer station
CN105173492B (en) * 2015-09-22 2017-12-15 长治清华机械厂 Compartment traverse displacement unit
CN111924386B (en) * 2020-07-31 2022-08-23 长沙普惠环保机械有限公司 Automatic garbage can carrying control system and method of garbage compression equipment

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