CN102774589A - Garbage compressor and garbage container automatic interface conversion device - Google Patents

Garbage compressor and garbage container automatic interface conversion device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102774589A
CN102774589A CN2012102954585A CN201210295458A CN102774589A CN 102774589 A CN102774589 A CN 102774589A CN 2012102954585 A CN2012102954585 A CN 2012102954585A CN 201210295458 A CN201210295458 A CN 201210295458A CN 102774589 A CN102774589 A CN 102774589A
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China
Prior art keywords
garbage container
trash compactor
traversing platform
garbage
guide rail
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Granted
Application number
CN2012102954585A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102774589B (en
Inventor
魏正康
黄�良
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SHANGHAI GREEN CYCLE ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI GREEN CYCLE ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201210295458.5A priority Critical patent/CN102774589B/en
Publication of CN102774589A publication Critical patent/CN102774589A/en
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Publication of CN102774589B publication Critical patent/CN102774589B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage compressor and garbage container automatic interface conversion device which comprises a guide rail, a transversely-moving platform, a driving device, a push-and-pull mechanism and a hold locking mechanism, wherein the guide rail is transversely arranged relatively to a garbage compressor; the transversely-moving platform is arranged on the guide rail and can transversely move relatively to the garbage compressor along the guide rail; the driving device is used for driving the transversely-moving platform to move along the guide rail; the push-and-pull mechanism is arranged on the transversely-moving platform and is used for driving a garbage container arranged on the transversely-moving platform to vertically move relatively to the garbage compressor along the transversely-moving platform; and the hold locking mechanism is arranged on the garbage compressor and is used for locking the garbage container when the garbage container is connected with the garbage compressor in a matching way. The device can be used for automatically exchanging the garbage container rapidly and accurately, so that the labor force is greatly reduced, and the labor intensity of workers can be lightened.

Description

The automatic interface switching device of trash compactor and garbage container
Technical field
The present invention relates to the rubbish compress technique, be specifically related to a kind of switching mechanism of garbage container.
Background technology
The Along with people's living standard improves constantly, and to the also raising day by day of requirement of environmental conditions, the Refuse bin of town and country traditional sense can not have been satisfied the requirement of people to new ideas such as efficient, environmental protection, low energies, so the popularization at compression type refuse station is imperative.The compression type refuse transhipment station is little with its floor area, and is hidden, and space structure is reasonable, leading the development of garbage transfer station industry.
The rubbish of collecting is transported to refuse transfer station by special waste-skip.Cram packer is complete leak free.Rubbish will carry out first step processing after being transported to transfer point (garbage transfer station).At first classify, be divided into organic matter and inorganic matter by sorting machine, and available and not capable of using.Rubbish for big volume also will carry out processed compressed; Afterwards, these rubbish are transported by classification.
Trash compactor is to realize that the rubbish compression subtracts one of major equipment of appearance, also is the main processing equipment of refuse transfer station.It is that a kind of rubbish with collecting by HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM compresses, to reduce the machinery of rubbish volume.The efficient of small-sized rubbish compressor disposal of refuse is low.In, though the compression volume of large-scale trash compactor is big, need build special large-scale discharging platform, floor area is bigger, the civil engineering cost is also very high.
Generally adopt following dual mode carrying out rubbish when compression: 1, be pressed into bulk in the seal compression chamber of rubbish at trash compactor, disposable then or divide and push garbage container three times; The 2 rubbish machine that is compressed directly pushes in the garbage container and compresses, and treats that rubbish weight reaches preset value in the rubbish container, and press cycles finishes.Garbage container is used to deposit year rubbish, and it need join itself and trash compactor through the mode of manual work when being used with trash compactor.Though the bottom of garbage container is provided with wheel; But because garbage container is that iron material is processed, very big of the weight of himself needs great amount of manpower to move; Moreover it can not better controlled at moving direction, can't realize docking accurately fast with compressor.Also have the weight of garbage container behind pressure texture, when shifting out garbage container, more waste time and energy, reduce the efficient of rubbish processed compressed greatly; Adopt manual operation can't guarantee the steady of garbage container moving process simultaneously, make that easily the rubbish in the garbage container drops out, pollute working environment.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to conventional garbage freight container and trash compactor existing problem when being used, and a kind of trash compactor and the automatic interface switching device of garbage container are provided.This device can be realized the accurate fast transposing automatically of garbage container, significantly reduces manpower, reduces working strength of workers.
For above-mentioned purpose greatly, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
The automatic interface switching device of trash compactor and garbage container comprises:
Guide rail, said guide rail is with respect to the trash compactor lateral arrangement;
Traversing platform, said traversing platform is placed on the guide rail, and can be along guide rail with respect to the trash compactor side travel;
Actuating device, said actuating device drives traversing platform and moves along guide rail;
Push-pull mechanism, said push-pull mechanism is arranged on the traversing platform, and the garbage container that promotes on the traversing platform vertically moves with respect to trash compactor along traversing platform;
Embrace latch mechanism, said armful of latch mechanism is arranged on the trash compactor, cooperates with trash compactor at garbage container and locks garbage container when joining.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, said device also comprises the casing detent mechanism, and said casing detent mechanism is arranged on the traversing platform, and the position of garbage container on the traversing platform is positioned.
Further; Said casing detent mechanism comprises a driving oil cylinder and Γ shape radius stay; Said Γ shape radius stay is rotating to be placed on the traversing platform, and said driving oil cylinder is placed on the traversing platform, and the displacement that driving Γ shape radius stay rotates garbage container positions.
Further; Said push-pull mechanism comprises the block that is arranged on the garbage container bottom, liftable drag hook device and the push cylinder that matches with block; Said liftable drag hook device is placed on the traversing platform through moving track, and can do with respect to vertical the moving of trash compactor along moving track; Said push cylinder is placed on the traversing platform, and driving liftable drag hook device moves along moving track.
Further again, said liftable drag hook device comprises drag hook and drives the driving oil cylinder that drag hook moves up and down.
Further; Said armful of latch mechanism comprises latch hook and clamping oil cylinder; Rotating being arranged on the trash compactor and with the case mouth of garbage container of said latch hook matched; Said clamping oil cylinder is arranged on the trash compactor, and drives latch hook and rotate and clamp garbage container, makes that garbage container and trash compactor are affixed to cooperate.
Further, said traversing platform is provided with alignment sensor.
The present invention who obtains according to such scheme has the following advantages:
(1) simple in structure, be easy to realize;
(2) whole device is realized the automation of garbage container displacement, and whole process need not artificial the participation, significantly reduces manpower requirement, reduces working strength of workers simultaneously;
(3) whole replacement process speed is fast, increases work efficiency greatly;
(4) adopt the common cooperation of oil cylinder and registration device, effectively guarantee the accuracy rate of replacement process, the reliability of effective assurance device;
(5) The whole control mechanism can adopt PLC to realize complete electrification.
Description of drawings
Further specify the present invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment.
The scheme drawing that Fig. 1 cooperates with trash compactor for the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a birds-eye view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a lateral plan of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the cutaway view of garbage container among the present invention;
The scheme drawing that Fig. 5 uses for the present invention.
The specific embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach purpose and effect and be easy to understand and understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1; The automatic interface switching device 100 of trash compactor provided by the invention and garbage container is used to realize the automatic replacement of garbage container 300, and it mainly comprises five parts such as guide rail 101, traversing platform 102, actuating device 103, push-pull mechanism 104, armful latch mechanism 105.
Guide rail 101 is used for realizing that whole device moves laterally with respect to cut somebody's hair 201 sense of motion of trash compactor 200.Thus, guide rail 101 is made transverse distribution with respect to 201 the sense of motion of cutting somebody's hair in the trash compactor 200, and is parallel to each other between the guide rail 101, and its height and mutual spacing are decided according to actual conditions.
Traversing platform 102 is used to carry garbage container 300, is to realize the garbage container main body of replacement automatically.The bottom of traversing platform 102 is placed on the guide rail 101, and matches with track 101, can move along guide rail 101, realizes thus with respect to cut somebody's hair in the trash compactor 200 that 201 sense of motion moves laterally.
As shown in Figure 2, for realizing the carrying to garbage container 300, the width of traversing platform 102 matches with the width of garbage container 300, its bearing of trend and trash compactor 200 relative (being perpendicular to guide rail 101 on the horizontal direction).While is provided with the roller district 102b that matches with garbage container 300 bottom rollers 301 (as shown in Figure 4) in the both sides of the load-bearing surface 102a of traversing platform 102; The both sides of 102b are provided with positioning plate 102c in the roller district simultaneously; Thereby garbage container 300 bottom rollers 301 are limited in the roller district 102b; Realize the moving direction of accuracy control garbage container 300, avoid the skew of garbage container 300 moving directions.
Moreover; Roller district 102b is in the entrance of traversing platform 102; Be arranged to flaring opening shape; Be convenient to garbage container 300 like this and get into traversing platform 102,, can realize that garbage container 300 easily gets into traversing platform 102 by the guiding of ringent inlet to garbage container 300 bottom rollers 301.
For can the traversing platform 102 of accuracy control along the position of guide rail 101 side travels, traversing platform 102 is provided with alignment sensor 102d, it can be controlled along the position of guide rail 101 side travels traversing platform 102 accurately.
Actuating device 103 is placed on the guide rail, is used to drive traversing platform 102 and moves along guide rail 101, and it can adopt multiple device as required, like hydraulic motor, motor, oil cylinder or the like, as long as can reach the miles of relative movement of the traversing platform 102 of accuracy control.
Push-pull mechanism 104 is placed on the traversing platform 102; Be used to promote the garbage container 300 on the traversing platform 102; Garbage container 300 is moved along traversing platform; Do vertical moving with respect to trash compactor 200, make rubbish freight container 300 cooperate, just in time cover and cut somebody's hair 201 on the trash compactor with trash compactor 200.
Referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, push-pull mechanism 104 comprises the block 104a that is arranged on garbage container 300 bottoms, liftable drag hook device 104b and the push cylinder 104c that matches with block 104a.
In order steadily to draw garbage container 300, guarantee the steady of its moving direction, block 104a is arranged on garbage container 300 bottom midways location.
Liftable drag hook device 104b is used for cooperating with block 104a, draws garbage container 300 through moving of self.This device comprises a drag hook 104b1 and drives the driving oil cylinder 104b2 that drag hook moves up and down; The shape of drag hook 104b1 and block 104a match; Driving oil cylinder 104b2 and drag hook 104b1 join, and drive drag hook 104b1 and move up and down, and combine with block 104a and break away to realize drag hook 104b1.
In order to realize liftable drag hook device 104b traction garbage container 300; Liftable drag hook device 104b is placed in the midway location of traversing platform 102 through a moving track 104d; Liftable drag hook device 104b can do with respect to trash compactor 200 vertical moving along moving track 104d; Can draw garbage container 300 thus does towards trash compactor 200 vertical moving garbage container 300 to be cooperated with trash compactor 200.
Push cylinder 104c is placed on the traversing platform 102, and 104d matches with moving track, drives liftable drag hook device 104b and moves around along moving track 104d.
Embrace latch mechanism 105 and be arranged on the trash compactor 200, be used for cooperating with trash compactor 200 when joining and lock garbage container 300, so that the pressure head 201 on the trash compactor 200 pushes rubbish or be pressed in the garbage container at garbage container 300.
Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 5, embrace latch mechanism 105 and comprise latch hook 105a and clamping oil cylinder 105b.Latch hook 105a is rotating to be placed on the trash compactor; The shape of its front end coupler body matches with the case mouth of freight container 300; When latch hook 105a went to level attitude, its front end coupler body just in time caught on freight container 300, made freight container 300 and trash compactor 200 join; When latch hook 105a left level attitude, its front end coupler body and freight container were opened in 300 minutes, made freight container 300 and trash compactor 200 break away from.
Clamping oil cylinder 105b is used to drive the rotation of latch hook 105a, and it is arranged on the trash compactor, and drives latch hook and rotate and clamp garbage container, makes that garbage container and trash compactor are affixed to cooperate.
Stability when to improve freight container 300 and join with trash compactor 200 in order to make is embraced latch mechanism 105 in the bilateral symmetry setting of trash compactor 200, can fix simultaneously from both sides like this.
On the basis of such scheme, the present invention also provides further prioritization scheme:
This prioritization scheme is on traversing platform 102, casing detent mechanism 106 to be set; Realize garbage container 300 is placed the accurate location of the position on the traversing platform 102 through this casing detent mechanism 106; Make the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms can accurately cooperate, effectively increase work efficiency and precision with drag hook 104b1 on the liftable drag hook device 104b.
Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3; Casing detent mechanism 106 comprises a driving oil cylinder 106a and Γ shape radius stay 106b; Wherein Γ shape radius stay 106b matches with the roller 301 of garbage container 300 bottoms; Make when Γ shape radius stay 106b contacts with the roller 301 of garbage container 300 bottoms, the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms just in time with traversing platform 102 on drag hook 104b1 on the liftable drag hook device 104b corresponding.
For this reason, Γ shape radius stay 106b is placed in the roller district 102b on the traversing platform 102, in the roller district of side 102b, offers a placement hole 106c, and Γ shape radius stay 106b is placed in the placement hole 106c through the corner on it is rotating.When Γ shape radius stay 106b goes to when vertical with traversing platform 102, load-bearing surface 102a is in same plane on Γ shape radius stay 106b and the traversing platform 102, is convenient to moving of garbage container 300 like this; When Γ shape radius stay 106b leaves the upright position; Load-bearing surface 102a on the traversing platform 102 will be protruded in the top of Γ shape radius stay 106b; Contact when cooperating at roller 301 with garbage container 300 bottoms, the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms just in time with traversing platform 102 on drag hook 104b1 on the liftable drag hook device 104b corresponding.
Driving oil cylinder 106a is used to drive the rotation of Γ shape radius stay 106b on traversing platform 102, realize the location to the garbage container position.
Can realize that through this casing detent mechanism 106 garbage container 300 accurately cooperates with push-pull mechanism 104, improve the reliability and the work efficiency of whole freight container displacement greatly.
Based on trash compactor and the automatic interface switching device 100 of garbage container that such scheme forms, its process of carrying out work is following:
Referring to Fig. 1-5, the actuating unit of whole device adopts PLC to carry out accuracy control in this process, can improve reliability, accuracy rate and the work efficiency of device work greatly.
The first step, the placement of garbage container
Through lifting appliance or other driver trains, travel mechanism the garbage container 300 of sky is placed on the traversing platform 102; Because traversing platform 102 matches with garbage container; Make the roller 301 of garbage container bottom can place in the roller zone 102b on the traversing platform 102, be convenient to the adjustment of garbage container 300 positions like this.
Second step, the garbage container location
Before this step began, controlling and driving oil cylinder 106a action drove Γ shape radius stay 106b and rotates, and makes its top protrude load-bearing surface 102a on the traversing platform 102.
The placement location of adjustment garbage container 300, make its bottom block 104a just in time with traversing platform 102 on drag hook 104b1 on the liftable drag hook device 104b corresponding.For this reason; The position of adjustment garbage container 300 on traversing platform 102; Make the Γ shape radius stay 106b contact matching of roller 301 and protrusion on it, this moment garbage container 300 the position just in time make on it block 104a just in time with traversing platform 102 on drag hook 104b1 on the liftable drag hook device 104b corresponding; Accessory drive 103 actions simultaneously drive traversing platform 102 along guide rail 101 side travels, make that garbage container 300 is corresponding with trash compactor 200 on the traversing platform 102, accomplish the adjustment of garbage container thus.
The 3rd step, the push-and-pull garbage container
Before this step began, controlling and driving oil cylinder 106a action drove Γ shape radius stay 106b and turns to the upright position, made that load-bearing surface 102a is in same plane on its top and the traversing platform 102, was convenient to the mobile of freight container like this.
Controlling and driving oil cylinder 104b2 drives drag hook 104b1 and up moves, and matches until the block 104a with garbage container 300 bottoms; Control push cylinder 104c again and move towards trash compactor 200 directions this moment; Thereby driving garbage container 300 moves towards trash compactor 200 directions; Until garbage container 300 and trash compactor 200 contact matching, make cutting somebody's hair on it 201 can enter in the garbage container.Controlling and driving oil cylinder 104b2 drives drag hook 104b1 and down moves, and makes drag hook 104b1 break away from the block 104a of garbage container 300 bottoms.
In the 4th step, embrace the lock garbage container
Control clamping oil cylinder 105b action drives latch hook 105a and rotates, and makes its front end coupler body just in time catch on freight container 300 and makes freight container 300 and trash compactor 200 join.
In the 5th step, load rubbish
201 rubbish packed in the garbage container 300 by cutting somebody's hair on the trash compactor 200, full until case, unclamp the gate on the trash compactor 200, accomplish rubbish and load.
In the 6th step, unclamp garbage container
Control clamping oil cylinder 105b action drives latch hook 105a and rotates, and makes its front end coupler body break away from freight container 300, makes freight container 300 and trash compactor 200 unclamp.
In the 7th step, garbage container is pulled out
Controlling and driving oil cylinder 104b2 drives drag hook 104b1 and up moves, and matches until the block 104a with garbage container 300 bottoms; Control push cylinder 104c trash compactor 200 directions motion dorsad this moment again, thereby drive garbage container 300 trash compactor 200 directions motion dorsad.
In the 8th step, traversing platform 102 is traversing
Accessory drive 103 actions; Drive traversing platform 102 along guide rail 101 side travels; And the position that obtains traversing platform 102 through alignment sensor 102d in real time; When reaching the relevant position, accessory drive 103 stops action, the location of accomplishing traversing platform 102 through corresponding location backer.After accomplishing the location, leave the fully loaded garbage container under order traversing platform 102 by corresponding lifting appliance or other driver trains, travel mechanism, reappose empty garbage container, carry out next and load rubbish cycling.
Above-mentioned whole process need not artificial the participation, realizes the automation of whole process, and its working process is realized high efficiency, high precision, high reliability.
More than show and described groundwork of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical personnel of the industry should be understood; The present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; That describes in the foregoing description and the specification sheets just explains principle of the present invention; Under the prerequisite that does not break away from spirit and scope of the invention, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these variations and improvement all fall in the scope of the invention that requires protection.The present invention requires protection domain to be defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (7)

1. the automatic interface switching device of trash compactor and garbage container is characterized in that, said device comprises:
Guide rail, said guide rail is with respect to the trash compactor lateral arrangement;
Traversing platform, said traversing platform is placed on the guide rail, and can be along guide rail with respect to the trash compactor side travel;
Actuating device, said actuating device drives traversing platform and moves along guide rail;
Push-pull mechanism, said push-pull mechanism is arranged on the traversing platform, and the garbage container that promotes on the traversing platform vertically moves with respect to trash compactor along traversing platform;
Embrace latch mechanism, said armful of latch mechanism is arranged on the trash compactor, cooperates with trash compactor at garbage container and locks garbage container when joining.
2. trash compactor according to claim 1 and the automatic interface switching device of garbage container; It is characterized in that; Said device also comprises the casing detent mechanism, and said casing detent mechanism is arranged on the traversing platform, and the position of garbage container on the traversing platform is positioned.
3. trash compactor according to claim 1 and the automatic interface switching device of garbage container; It is characterized in that; Said casing detent mechanism comprises a driving oil cylinder and Γ shape radius stay; Said Γ shape radius stay is rotating to be placed on the traversing platform, and said driving oil cylinder is placed on the traversing platform, and the displacement that driving Γ shape radius stay rotates garbage container positions.
4. trash compactor according to claim 1 and the automatic interface switching device of garbage container; It is characterized in that; Said push-pull mechanism comprises the block that is arranged on the garbage container bottom, liftable drag hook device and the push cylinder that matches with block; Said liftable drag hook device is placed on the traversing platform through moving track, and can do with respect to vertical the moving of trash compactor along moving track; Said push cylinder is placed on the traversing platform, and driving liftable drag hook device moves along moving track.
5. trash compactor according to claim 4 and the automatic interface switching device of garbage container is characterized in that, said liftable drag hook device comprises drag hook and drives the driving oil cylinder that drag hook moves up and down.
6. trash compactor according to claim 1 and the automatic interface switching device of garbage container; It is characterized in that; Said armful of latch mechanism comprises latch hook and clamping oil cylinder, and rotating being arranged on the trash compactor and with the case mouth of garbage container of said latch hook matched, and said clamping oil cylinder is arranged on the trash compactor; And drive latch hook and rotate and clamp garbage container, make that garbage container and trash compactor are affixed to cooperate.
7. trash compactor according to claim 1 and the automatic interface switching device of garbage container is characterized in that said traversing platform is provided with alignment sensor.
CN201210295458.5A 2012-08-17 2012-08-17 Garbage compressor and garbage container automatic interface conversion device Active CN102774589B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103035422A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-10 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Approach switch and horizontal garbage compressor
CN103318587A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-09-25 长治清华机械厂 Waste transfer station
CN105173492A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-23 长治清华机械厂 Transverse moving device for carriage
CN111924386A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-11-13 长沙普惠环保机械有限公司 Automatic garbage can carrying control system and method of garbage compression equipment

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CN202296048U (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-07-04 合肥市劲旅环卫设备有限公司 Butt joint locking mechanism for garbage compressor and garbage bin

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103035422A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-10 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Approach switch and horizontal garbage compressor
CN103035422B (en) * 2012-12-24 2015-03-18 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Approach switch and horizontal garbage compressor
CN103318587A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-09-25 长治清华机械厂 Waste transfer station
CN105173492A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-23 长治清华机械厂 Transverse moving device for carriage
CN111924386A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-11-13 长沙普惠环保机械有限公司 Automatic garbage can carrying control system and method of garbage compression equipment
CN111924386B (en) * 2020-07-31 2022-08-23 长沙普惠环保机械有限公司 Automatic garbage can carrying control system and method of garbage compression equipment

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