CN102773458B - Sprue plugging device for casting sand mold at low pressure and method for casting sand mold at low pressure - Google Patents

Sprue plugging device for casting sand mold at low pressure and method for casting sand mold at low pressure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102773458B
CN102773458B CN201210307071.7A CN201210307071A CN102773458B CN 102773458 B CN102773458 B CN 102773458B CN 201210307071 A CN201210307071 A CN 201210307071A CN 102773458 B CN102773458 B CN 102773458B
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China
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sand
casting
mold
sand mold
low pressure
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CN201210307071.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102773458A (en
Inventor
丁苏沛
毕建峰
史学谦
张照光
杨震华
郭小花
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济南铸造锻压机械研究所有限公司
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Priority to CN201210307071.7A priority Critical patent/CN102773458B/en
Publication of CN102773458A publication Critical patent/CN102773458A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a sprue plugging device for casting a sand mold at low pressure and a method for casting the sand mold at low pressure. A groove is formed in a cast straight sprue part; a plugging piece is put into the groove; a square pouring hole is formed in the plugging piece; a plugging guide hole is formed in the back of a lower sand mold; an oil cylinder is arranged on the outer side of the guide hole; and a piston rod of the oil cylinder extends into the cast guide hole. The plugging method comprises the following steps that when a control system receives a signal indicating that the low-pressure casting is finished, the piston rod of the oil cylinder is controlled to quickly extend and pushes casting sand in a casting mold to forwards move together with the plugging piece along the guide hole; after reaching a certain travel, the oil cylinder stops moving, and the low-pressure casting pressurization system exhausts air and releases pressure; the plugging piece is staggered to separate a straight sprue; the plugged casting mold and a casting which is not completely solidified can move away from a pouring position, and the casting mold is overturned, cooled and solidified; and another casing mold is moved to the pouring position to be poured. The sprue plugging device is mainly used for manufacturing low-pressure cast complete equipment.

Description

The method of sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus and sand mold low pressure casting
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of casting device and process thereof, this device and method is mainly used on aluminium alloy tide mould sand type low pressure casting.
Background technology
Because sand mold low pressure casting is to be full of casting mold under antigravity state from bottom to top, fill type steadily, easily control, be convenient to casting mold exhaust, casting quality is good.This process is used widely at casting field.
At present, aspect known sand mold Low Pressure Casting Technology, while carrying out sand mold low pressure casting, normally casting mold (together with foundry goods) is moved apart to pouring position after completing pressure casting and pressurize and solidifying.But due to sand mold poor thermal conductivity, the casting solidification time is long, causes productivity ratio lower.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the shortcoming that prior art exists, proposed a kind of after low pressure casting pressurization is filled type and finished, by cast gate plugging device, quick blocking cast gate (low pressure casting compression system exhaust pressure relief simultaneously).So just casting mold can be moved apart to pouring position, upset casting mold carries out cooled and solidified.Then, another set of casting mold is moved to pouring position and pour into a mould, thus the productivity ratio of increasing substantially.
The technology used in the present invention measure is: a kind of sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus, it comprises upper and lower sand mold, produces the groove with casting pattern draft at the sprue position of described upper and lower sand mold, in described groove, place described closeouts, the bullport passing through for the driver part of closeouts driving mechanism is set, at bullport arranged outside closeouts driving mechanism at the described lower sand mold back side.
The concrete feature of this programme also has, and described closeouts driving mechanism comprises oil cylinder, and cylinder piston rod is the bullport to lower sand mold just.
Described closeouts comprise ceramic plugging block and be arranged at bullport and sprue between by bullport and the isolated reservation sand of sprue group, the setting that retains sand group can not connect bullport and sprue; Upper sand mold groove is on one side along the diminishing step-like groove of ceramic plugging block direction of advance, and depth of groove is greater than the displacement of described ceramic plugging block; The front end of pottery plugging block is moving forward in process the molding sand of shearing sand mold groove side, and is deposited in the remaining space of ceramic plugging block front end groove and forms and shear sand group.
In described ceramic plugging block, there is square plug hole.
Described closeouts comprises the resin sand lump being fixed in groove and the shutoff steel plate being slidably matched with it.Resin sand lump is combined by two halves sand lump bonding; On resin sand lump, plug hole is set, perpendicular to plug hole axis, gathering sill is set at resin sand lump middle part, gathering sill is arranged at respectively formation pilot hole on two halves sand lump and after combination; Shutoff steel plate is arranged in the pilot hole of a side and slidingly with it joins the shutoff realizing plug hole, and the other end of shutoff steel plate extends in bullport.Pilot hole be distributed in plug hole both sides and and plug hole between the resin sand of interval 5-10mm.Gap between pilot hole and shutoff steel plate is no more than 0.1 ~ 0.2mm, is provided with aluminium silicate wool at the pilot hole that is positioned at shutoff steel plate offside.
Place screen pack in sprue porch, play aluminum filtration liquid and prevent that sand grains from falling in low-pressure casting thermal insulation furnace.
The present invention also provides a kind of method of sand mold low pressure casting, it comprises the steps: to receive after the signal of low pressure casting casting complete when control system, described propelling cylinder piston rod stretches out fast, the closeouts promoting in casting mold along bullport moves forward, described propelling cylinder stops after reaching certain stroke, simultaneously low pressure casting compression system exhaust pressure relief; Now, after described closeouts dislocation, sprue is separated and stop aluminium liquid to flow out; The casting mold that shutoff is good can move apart pouring position together with the foundry goods not solidifying completely, and by cooled and solidified after casting mold upset; Then another set of casting mold being moved to pouring position pours into a mould.
The invention provides two cover technical schemes:
Scheme one: one of sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus and method for blocking.It comprises the sand mold, industrial ceramics plugging block, screen pack, ceramic lift tube and the propelling cylinder that after upper and lower sandbox, molding sand are filled, form.It is characterized in that forming casting mold by tide mould sand filling moulding in upper and lower sandbox.Groove is produced at sprue position at casting mold, and placing ceramic plugging block in groove, has square plug hole in plugging block.Place screen pack in sprue porch, play aluminum filtration liquid and prevent that sand grains from falling in low-pressure casting thermal insulation furnace.Mill out bullport at the lower sand mold back side, this bullport does not connect with sprue, retains a part of sand group between the two.At bullport arranged outside propelling cylinder, its piston rod stretches to the bullport of casting mold.Its method for blocking is to receive after the signal of low pressure casting casting complete when control system, cylinder piston rod stretches out fast, the reservation sand group and the ceramic plugging block that promote in casting mold along bullport move forward, and cylinder piston rod stops (low pressure casting compression system exhaust pressure relief simultaneously) after reaching certain stroke.Now, after ceramic plugging block dislocation, sprue is separated, the reservation sand group of piston rod front end moves forward, and the gap in shutoff between plugging block and casting mold stops aluminium liquid to flow out.The casting mold that shutoff is good can move apart pouring position together with the foundry goods not solidifying completely, and by cooled and solidified after casting mold upset.Then another set of casting mold being moved to pouring position pours into a mould.
Scheme two: two of sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus and method.It comprises the sand mold, resin sand lump, shutoff steel plate, screen pack, ceramic lift tube and the propelling cylinder that after upper and lower sandbox, molding sand are filled, form.It is characterized in that forming casting mold by tide mould sand filling moulding in two halves sandbox.Groove is produced at sprue position at casting mold, places resin sand lump in groove, has square plug hole and pilot hole on resin sand lump.Place screen pack in sprue porch, play aluminum filtration liquid and prevent that sand grains from falling in low-pressure casting thermal insulation furnace.Mill out bullport at the lower sand mold back side, shutoff steel plate is put into the pilot hole of resin sand lump, and reached in bullport.At bullport arranged outside oil cylinder, its piston rod stretches to the bullport of casting mold.Its method for blocking is to receive after the signal of low pressure casting casting complete when control system, cylinder piston rod stretches out fast, promote shutoff steel plate and move forward along pilot hole, cylinder piston rod stops (low pressure casting compression system exhaust pressure relief simultaneously) after arriving certain stroke.Now, shutoff steel plate moves to insert in resin sand lump opposite side pilot hole sprue is separated, and due to the cooling effect of steel plate, can stop the gap of aluminium liquid between steel plate and sand mold and flow out.The casting mold that shutoff is good can move apart pouring position together with the foundry goods not solidifying completely, and by cooled and solidified after casting mold upset.Then another set of casting mold being moved to pouring position pours into a mould.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, the feature pouring cast part that utilizes low pressure casting steadily, easily to control at antigravity state lower charging type, can reduce casting defect, improves casting quality.Utilize cast gate plugging device and method, block cast gate, casting mold is moved apart to pouring position, and by cooled and solidified after casting mold upset, then another set of casting mold is moved to pouring position and pour into a mould.Can increase substantially the production efficiency of sand mold low pressure casting.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, two schemes of the present invention are further illustrated.
Fig. 1~Fig. 5 is the present invention program one structure and method schematic diagram.Wherein, Fig. 1 is the present invention program's one shutoff pre-structure schematic diagram; Fig. 2 is structural representation after the present invention program's one shutoff; Fig. 3 is that the B of Fig. 1 is to view; Fig. 4 is that the A-A of Fig. 3 is to cutaway view; Fig. 5 is the structural representation after casting mold overturns together with foundry goods.
Fig. 6~Figure 10 is the present invention program two structure and method schematic diagram.Wherein, Fig. 6 is the present invention program's two shutoff pre-structure schematic diagrames; Fig. 7 is structural representation after the present invention program's two shutoff; Fig. 8 is that the B of Fig. 6 is to view; Fig. 9 is that the A-A of Fig. 8 is to cutaway view; Figure 10 is the structural representation figure after casting mold overturns together with foundry goods; Figure 11~Figure 12 is the resin sand formation of lots schematic diagram in scheme two.
In figure: 1-cope; The upper sand mold of 2-; 3-drag box; Sand mold under 4-; 5-foundry goods die cavity; 6-oil cylinder; 7-screen pack; 8-sealing gasket; 9-ceramic lift tube; 10-groove; 11-foundry goods; 12-shutoff sand group; 13-sprue; 14-shears sand group; 15-bullport; 16-retains sand group; 17-pottery plugging block; 18-pilot hole; 19-resin sand lump; 20-shutoff steel plate; 21-gathering sill; 22-aluminium silicate wool.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment mono-:
As shown in Fig. 1~5, a kind of sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus, it comprises sand mold 2 and lower sand mold 4, produces the groove 10 with casting pattern draft at the sprue position of described upper sand mold 2, lower sand mold 4, in described groove 10, place described closeouts, the bullport 15 passing through for the driver part of closeouts driving mechanism is set, at bullport 15 arranged outside closeouts driving mechanisms at described lower sand mold 4 back sides.Described closeouts driving mechanism comprises oil cylinder 6, and oil cylinder 6 piston rods are the bullport 15 to lower sand mold 4 just.Described closeouts comprise ceramic plugging block 17 and be arranged at bullport 15 and sprue 13 between by bullport 15 and the isolated reservation sand of sprue 13 group 16, the setting that retains sand group 16 can not connect bullport 15 and sprue 13; Being positioned at sand mold 2 groove 10 is on one side along the diminishing step-like groove of ceramic plugging block 17 direction of advance, and groove 10 degree of depth are greater than the displacement of described ceramic plugging block 17; The front end of pottery plugging block 17 is moving forward in process the molding sand of shearing sand mold 2 groove 10 sides, and is deposited in the remaining space of ceramic plugging block 17 front end grooves 10 and forms and shear sand group 14.
In described ceramic plugging block 17, there is square plug hole.Place screen pack 7 in sprue 13 porch, play aluminum filtration liquid and prevent that sand grains from falling in low-pressure casting thermal insulation furnace.
When use, adopt tide mould sand in cope 1, drag box 3, to produce respectively sand mold 2 and lower sand mold 4, mill out bullport 15 at described lower sand mold 4 back sides.Ceramic plugging block 17 is placed in the groove 10 of lower sand mold 4, groove 10 has the casting pattern draft of direction as shown, is stepped recesses at described upper sand mold 2 groove on one side.Described upper sand mold 2 and lower sand mold 4 are closed up and locked.In sprue 13 porch, place the complete casting mold of the rear formation of screen pack 7, the casting mold assembling is moved to pouring position, dock with ceramic lift tube 9, between described screen pack 7 and ceramic lift tube 9, place aluminium silicate wool sealing gasket 8.Bullport 15 1 sides at described lower sand mold 4 arrange oil cylinder 6, its piston rod and described bullport 15 centerings.
Casting mold moves to after pouring position, carries out low-pressure casting (Fig. 1).Aluminium liquid rises along ceramic lift tube 9, enters die cavity 5 through screen pack 7 and ceramic plugging block 17.After aluminium liquid is full of die cavity 5, Low Pressure Casting Control System sends signal, the piston rod of oil cylinder 6 stretches out (simultaneously fast, low pressure casting compression system exhaust pressure relief), enter and pass through described bullport 15, promoting described reservation sand group 16 and ceramic plugging block 17 moves forward, pottery plugging block 17 blocks described sprue 13, described reservation sand group 16 is by bursting reach, be deposited in cylinder piston rod front end, form the 12(Fig. 2 of shutoff sand group), block (the molding during for ease of moulding of gap between ceramic plugging block 17 and lower sand mold 4, this gap can be controlled between 0.2-0.5mm), retardance aluminium hydrorrhea goes out.After the piston rod of the oil cylinder 6 described in controlling stretches out certain stroke, stop, then retracting.When the front end of described ceramic plugging block 17 moves forward, shear the molding sand of described upper sand mold 2 groove sides, because depth of groove is greater than the displacement of described ceramic plugging block 17, the molding sand of shearing is deposited in the remaining space of ceramic plugging block 17 front end grooves, form and shear sand group 14, ensured that described upper sand mold 2 can be by bursting.
The casting mold that shutoff is good moves apart pouring position together with the foundry goods 11 not solidifying completely, and cooled and solidified (Fig. 5) is carried out in upset.Then, then another set of casting mold being moved to pouring position pours into a mould.
Embodiment bis-:
As shown in Fig. 6~Figure 10, the present embodiment and embodiment mono-something in common repeat no more, and difference is, described closeouts comprises the resin sand lump 19 being fixed in groove 10 and the shutoff steel plate 20 being slidably matched with it.Resin sand lump 19 is combined by two halves sand lump bonding; On resin sand lump 19, plug hole is set, perpendicular to plug hole axis, gathering sill 21 is set at resin sand lump 19 middle parts, gathering sill 21 is arranged at respectively formation pilot hole 18 on two halves sand lump and after combination; Shutoff steel plate 20 is arranged in the pilot hole 18 of a side and slidingly with it joins the shutoff realizing plug hole, and the other end of shutoff steel plate 20 extends in bullport 15.Pilot hole 18 be distributed in plug hole both sides and and plug hole between the resin sand of interval 5-10mm.Gap between pilot hole 18 and shutoff steel plate 20 is no more than 0.1 ~ 0.2mm, is provided with aluminium silicate wool 22 at the pilot hole 18 that is positioned at shutoff steel plate 20 offsides.
A kind of sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus and method (two).Adopt tide mould sand in cope 1, drag box 3, to produce respectively sand mold 2 and lower sand mold 4.Adopt resin sand to produce resin sand lump 19, resin sand lump 19 combines (Figure 11, Figure 12) by two halves sand lump bonding, after combination, form pilot hole 18, the wide 5mm of pilot hole 18, distance between pilot hole 18 and plug hole is 5 ~ 10mm(Figure 12), and gap between described shutoff steel plate 20 is no more than 0.1 ~ 0.2mm.On two halves sand lump, make respectively gathering sill 21.Before combination, aluminium silicate wool 22 is placed in to the gathering sill 21 interior (Figure 12) of upper sand mold 2 two halves sand lump on one side.After combination, shutoff steel plate 20 is inserted in the pilot hole 18 on described resin sand lump 19.Described resin sand lump 19 is placed on together with described shutoff steel plate 20 in the groove 10 of lower sand mold 4, described upper sand mold 2 and lower sand mold 4 is closed up and lock and form casting mold.In sprue 13 porch, the complete casting mold of placing aluminium alloy liquid screen pack 7 rear formation, moves to pouring position by the casting mold assembling, and docks with ceramic lift tube 9, between described screen pack 7 and ceramic lift tube 9, places aluminium silicate wool sealing gasket 8.
Casting mold is moved to after pouring position, carry out low-pressure casting (Fig. 6).Aluminium liquid rises along ceramic lift tube 9, enters foundry goods die cavity 5 through screen pack 7 and resin sand lump 19.After aluminium liquid is full of foundry goods die cavity 5, Low Pressure Casting Control System sends signal, the piston rod of oil cylinder 6 stretches out (simultaneously fast, low pressure casting compression system exhaust pressure relief), enter described bullport 15, promote described shutoff steel plate 20 and move forward, shutoff steel plate 20 blocks described sprue 13, and enter in the pilot hole 18 at aluminium silicate wool 22 places (Fig. 7) through resin sand lump 19, aluminium silicate wool 22 stops aluminium immersion to enter.After the piston rod of described oil cylinder 6 stretches out certain stroke, stop, then retracting.Even if there is a small amount of aluminium liquid to creep into the gap between shutoff steel plate 20 and resin sand lump 19, also solidify because of the cooling effect of steel plate, stop aluminium hydrorrhea to go out.
The casting mold that shutoff is good moves apart pouring position together with the foundry goods 11 not solidifying completely, and cooled and solidified (Figure 10) is carried out in upset.Then another set of casting mold being moved to pouring position pours into a mould.

Claims (8)

1. a sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus, it comprises upper and lower sand mold, produces the groove with casting pattern draft at the sprue position of described upper and lower sand mold, in described groove, place closeouts, the bullport passing through for the driver part of closeouts driving mechanism is set, at bullport arranged outside closeouts driving mechanism at the described lower sand mold back side; Described closeouts comprise ceramic plugging block and be arranged at bullport and sprue between by bullport and the isolated reservation sand of sprue group; Upper sand mold groove is on one side along the diminishing step-like groove of ceramic plugging block direction of advance, and depth of groove is greater than the displacement of described ceramic plugging block; The front end of pottery plugging block is moving forward in process the molding sand of shearing sand mold groove side, and is deposited in the remaining space of ceramic plugging block front end groove and forms and shear sand group.
2. sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that described closeouts driving mechanism comprises oil cylinder, and cylinder piston rod is the bullport to lower sand mold just.
3. sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that there is square plug hole in described ceramic plugging block.
4. a sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus, it comprises upper and lower sand mold, produces the groove with casting pattern draft at the sprue position of described upper and lower sand mold, in described groove, place closeouts, the bullport passing through for the driver part of closeouts driving mechanism is set, at bullport arranged outside closeouts driving mechanism at the described lower sand mold back side; Described closeouts comprises the resin sand lump being fixed in groove and the shutoff steel plate being slidably matched with it; Resin sand lump is combined by two halves sand lump bonding; On resin sand lump, plug hole is set, perpendicular to plug hole axis, gathering sill is set at resin sand lump middle part, gathering sill is arranged at respectively formation pilot hole on two halves sand lump and after combination; Shutoff steel plate is arranged in the pilot hole of a side and slidingly with it joins the shutoff realizing plug hole, and the other end of shutoff steel plate extends in bullport; Pilot hole be distributed in plug hole both sides and and plug hole between the resin sand of interval 5-10mm.
5. sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus according to claim 4, is characterized in that the gap 0.1 ~ 0.2mm between pilot hole and shutoff steel plate, is provided with aluminium silicate wool at the pilot hole that is positioned at shutoff steel plate offside.
6. sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus according to claim 4, is characterized in that described closeouts driving mechanism comprises oil cylinder, and cylinder piston rod is the bullport to lower sand mold just.
7. according to the sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus described in claim 1 or 4, it is characterized in that placing screen pack in sprue porch, play aluminum filtration liquid and prevent that sand grains from falling in low-pressure casting thermal insulation furnace.
8. the method for a sand mold low pressure casting, it uses the sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus as described in claim 2 or 6, comprise the steps: to receive after the signal of low pressure casting casting complete when control system, described cylinder piston rod stretches out fast, the closeouts promoting in casting mold along bullport moves forward, described oil cylinder stops after reaching certain stroke, simultaneously low pressure casting compression system exhaust pressure relief; Now, after described closeouts dislocation, sprue is separated and stop aluminium liquid to flow out; The casting mold that shutoff is good moves apart pouring position together with the foundry goods not solidifying completely, and by cooled and solidified after casting mold upset; Then another set of casting mold being moved to pouring position pours into a mould.
CN201210307071.7A 2012-08-27 2012-08-27 Sprue plugging device for casting sand mold at low pressure and method for casting sand mold at low pressure CN102773458B (en)

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CN201410324447.4A CN104057062B (en) 2012-08-27 2012-08-27 The method of sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus and sand mold low pressure casting
CN201410324643.1A CN104043806B (en) 2012-08-27 2012-08-27 The method of sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus and sand mold low pressure casting
CN201210307071.7A CN102773458B (en) 2012-08-27 2012-08-27 Sprue plugging device for casting sand mold at low pressure and method for casting sand mold at low pressure

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CN201410324643.1A Division CN104043806B (en) 2012-08-27 2012-08-27 The method of sand mold low pressure casting shutoff gating apparatus and sand mold low pressure casting

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CN102773458A (en) 2012-11-14

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