CN102771375A - Balcony plant factory - Google Patents

Balcony plant factory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102771375A
CN102771375A CN2012101958678A CN201210195867A CN102771375A CN 102771375 A CN102771375 A CN 102771375A CN 2012101958678 A CN2012101958678 A CN 2012101958678A CN 201210195867 A CN201210195867 A CN 201210195867A CN 102771375 A CN102771375 A CN 102771375A
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China
Prior art keywords
balcony
forearm
plant
microporous pipe
support stand
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CN2012101958678A
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CN102771375B (en
Inventor
刘慧�
赵芷若
刘红
付玉明
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Beihang University
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Beihang University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

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  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)
  • Cultivation Receptacles Or Flower-Pots, Or Pots For Seedlings (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a balcony plant factory which is mainly used for solving the problems of soilless plant culture in household balcony small-scale and farm room temperature conventional environments and large-scale or deserts and arid regions and other special environments. The balcony plant factory consists of a trapezoidal support table frame 1 with folding and moving functions, an on-demand liquid supply module 2 and culture modules 3. By utilizing the folding and moving functions of the support table frame 1, light energy can be fully utilized, and the space is saved; the operation of common soilless culture is simplified through the on-demand liquid supply module 2, and the utilization rate of nutrition and moisture is improved; the culture modules 3 are arranged in a layered mode, the vertical spacing distance of each layer and the number of the culture modules 3 are adjusted, the highest space utilization rate is realized, and the productivity effect is improved; and moreover, liquid is independently supplied among the culture modules 3, and the risk of root disease infection is reduced.

Description

A kind of balcony plant factor
Technical field
Patent of the present invention proposes a kind of balcony plant factor; Can be applicable to the plant cultivation of family's balcony small size; Also can be applicable to large-scale plant production under farm, the conventional environment in greenhouse, also can be used for the plant production under the particular surroundings such as desert, arid area, this invents deft design, attractive in appearance, flexible, convenient; Simultaneously easy and simple to handle, energy-saving low-carbon.
Background technology
The balcony plant cultivation in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan and other countries and area be very general, the continent citizen have also moved into garden, vegetable garden oneself balcony gradually.Household can be beautified in the balcony vegetable garden, green is taken among the modern who is in concrete jungle; Do not use any agricultural chemicals, the vegetable and fruit form of plantation is good, pollution-free, nutritious, satisfies the demand of family to vegetables safety, health, green.Therefore, the balcony plant cultivation has broad application prospects and social effect.
Container culturing is adopted in family's balcony plant cultivation at present mostly, and common cultivating container has plastic flowerpot, earthen basin, pottery pot, plastic crate, wooden barrel, cultivation case, cultivating groove etc.Cultivation apparatus without soil and technology are also in constantly development and improvement.That has developed now has four types of column type, ladder-type, wall-hanging and pumpkin formulas, all has several parts such as cultivation pipeline (container), nutrient solution case, woven hose and support to form.These balcony culturing device need power to carry nutrient solution mostly; The user who faces simultaneously is the common crowd who does not possess cultivation professional knowledge; The different cultivated crop; The cycle-index of its nutrient solution, the collocation of dark period phase of optical illumination phase, the highly professional operation and the settings such as regulation and control of nutrient solution oxygenation capacity tend to let the user at a loss as to what to do.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to propose a kind of deft design, attractive in appearance, flexible, convenient, the balcony plant factor of simultaneously easy and simple to handle, energy-saving low-carbon
In order to realize above research purpose, design has been invented this kind balcony plant factor and has been comprised support stand 1, feed flow module 2 and cultivation module 3 as required.It is characterized in that can be applicable to cultivations of plants such as city family balcony vegetables, flowers; Also can be applicable under the extensive conventional environment such as farm, greenhouse or the High-efficient Production of plant under the controllable environment, also can be applicable to the plant production under the particular surroundings such as desert arid.
Said support stand 1 is made up of crossbeam 8, gripper shoe 9, castor 12, groove 10 and rotating shaft 11 between forearm 4, postbrachium 5, forearm parallel arms 6, stretch arm 7, postbrachium.After support stand 1 launched, postbrachium 5 was perpendicular to the ground, and forearm 4 becomes 60 ° of angles with ground, made illumination and utilization of space maximum when making support stand 1 structure firm; Forearm 4, forearm parallel arms 6 link to each other with gripper shoe 9 usefulness rotating shafts 11, and when realizing the supporting role to gripper shoe 9, the rotation through rotating shaft 11 realizes the folder function between arm and the plate.Stretch arm 7 links to each other with rotating shaft 11 with forearm parallel arms 6, and when folding, 7 pairs of forearm parallel arms 6 of stretch arm play the effect of tractive and support.The lower end of forearm 4 and postbrachium 5 links to each other with castor 12, through moving of castor, realizes moving freely of whole support stand 1.Gripper shoe 9 layerings are fixed, and the perpendicular separation distance between two-layer is A, the straight Ju Li ≧ 100mm of the Chui between the bottom and the ground, and A can adjust according to the kind of cultivated plant.The two ends of gripper shoe 9 are equipped with the groove 10 of fixing cultivation module 3, and the quantity that each layer put cultivation module 3 also can increase according to different plant varieties in right amount.Support stand 1 can be provided with the n layer, and n is a natural number, 1 ≦ n and satisfy formula A*n ≦ H, and wherein H is the maximum height of balcony space.Set the quantity that A, n and each layer are cultivated wooden unit through balance, make production utilization of space and illumination availability reach maximum, and then enhance productivity.
The said module of feed flow as required 2 comprises supplying bottle 13, microporous pipe 14, silica gel plug 18, woven hose 19, blast pipe 20 and tongs 21.The two ends of microporous pipe 14 are with silica gel plug 18 sealings.Supplying bottle 13 has air inlet 15, inlet 16, liquid outlet 17.Liquid outlet 17 links to each other with woven hose 19, and woven hose 19 is connected with the liquid feeding end of microporous pipe 14, and the nutrient input in the supplying bottle 13 is delivered in the microporous pipe 14.The other end of microporous pipe 14 connects blast pipe 20, utilizes the switching of tongs 21 control blast pipes.During nutrient solution in the plant absorbing microporous pipe 14, the nutrient solution that stores in the supplying bottle 13 through woven hose 19 to microporous pipe 14 supplies.
Said cultivation module 3 comprises microporous pipe 14 and waterproof reflective membrane 22.Plant growing is on microporous pipe 14, and the surface of microporous pipe 14 parcel one deck waterproof reflective membrane 22 when preventing water evaporates, through the light action that returns on surface, increases the quantity of illumination that the plant bottom blade receives, and improves photosynthesis rate.
The invention has the advantages that:
1, the nutrient solution supply among the present invention is to supply with automatically according to the demand of plant, the consumption of power energy not, and improved the availability of nutrition and moisture, reduce the amount of labour, energy-saving and environmental protecting more;
2, the cultivation module among the present invention need not cultivation matrix, and economic benefit is high, and is easy to handle;
3, the support stand among the present invention can fold and move, and the number of plies can be provided with as the case may be;
4, the support stand among the present invention can move according to the irradiating angle of sunlight, increases the photosynthesis of plants time, and then improves output;
5, the cultivation module independently is equipped with feed flow module as required among the present invention, does not disturb mutually, has reduced the risk that root disease infects.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure figure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an overall structure end view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is support stand overall structure figure among the present invention;
Among the figure:
1-support stand 2-is feed flow module 3-cultivation module 4-forearm as required
Crossbeam between 5-postbrachium 6-forearm parallel arms 7-stretch arm 8-postbrachium
9-gripper shoe 10-groove 11-rotating shaft 12-castor
13-supplying bottle 14-microporous pipe 15-air inlet 16-inlet
17-liquid outlet 18-silica gel plug 19-woven hose 20-blast pipe
21-tongs 22-waterproof reflective membrane
Embodiment
To combine accompanying drawing that the present invention is done further detailed description below.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, balcony of the present invention plant factor comprises support stand 1, feed flow module 2, cultivation module 3.
Said support stand 1 is made up of crossbeam 8, gripper shoe 9, castor 12, groove 10 and rotating shaft 11 between forearm 4, postbrachium 5, forearm parallel arms 6, stretch arm 7, postbrachium.Postbrachium 5 is perpendicular to the ground, and forearm 4 becomes 60 ° of angles with ground, makes illumination and utilization of space maximum when making support stand 1 structure firm; Forearm 4, forearm parallel arms 6 link to each other with gripper shoe 9 usefulness rotating shafts 11, and when realizing the supporting role to gripper shoe 9, the rotation through rotating shaft realizes the folder function between arm and the plate.Stretch arm 7 links to each other with rotating shaft 11 with forearm parallel arms 6, and when folding, 7 pairs of forearm parallel arms 6 of stretch arm play the effect of tractive and support.The lower end of forearm 4 and postbrachium 5 links to each other with castor 12, through moving of castor, realizes moving freely of whole support stand 1.Gripper shoe 9 layerings are fixed, and the perpendicular separation between two-layer is A, the straight Ju Li ≧ 100mm of the Chui between the bottom and the ground, and A can adjust according to the kind of cultivated plant.The two ends of gripper shoe 9 are equipped with the groove 10 of fixing cultivation module 3, and the quantity that each layer put cultivation module 3 also can increase according to different plant varieties in right amount.Support stand 1 can be provided with the n layer, and n is a natural number, 1 ≦ n and satisfy formula A*n ≦ H, and wherein H is the maximum height of balcony space.Set the quantity that A, n and each layer are cultivated wooden unit through balance, make the production utilization of space reach maximum, and then enhance productivity.
Said feed flow module 2 comprises supplying bottle 13, air inlet 15, inlet 16, liquid outlet 17, microporous pipe 14, silica gel plug 18, woven hose 19, blast pipe 20, tongs 21.When plant absorbed nutrient solution from microporous pipe, tongs 21 was in closed condition, and the nutrient solution that stores in the supplying bottle 3 flows into microporous pipe 14 through liquid outlet 17, woven hose 19; During first feed flow, open tongs 21, when the no bubbles discharge of blast pipe 20, close blast pipe 20 with tongs 21.Said cultivation module 3 is made up of microporous pipe 14 and waterproof reflective membrane 22.Plant is grown directly upon the surface of microporous pipe 14, outer wrap waterproof reflective membrane 22.The waterproof reflective membrane prevents the evaporation of microporous pipe surface moisture on the one hand, simultaneously through surface reflection, increases the quantity of illumination that the plant lower blade receives, and improves photosynthesis rate.

Claims (4)

1. balcony plant factor is characterized in that: comprise collapsible and movably support stand 1, feed flow module 2, cultivation module 3 as required.
2. a kind of according to claim 1 balcony plant factor is characterized in that support stand 1 is notch cuttype, is made up of crossbeam 8, gripper shoe 9, groove 10, rotating shaft 11 and castor 12 between forearm 4, postbrachium 5, forearm parallel arms 6, stretch arm 7, postbrachium.The support stand postbrachium 5 that launches is perpendicular to the ground, and forearm 4 becomes 60 ° of angles with ground; Forearm 4, forearm parallel arms 6 all link to each other through rotating shaft 11 with forearm parallel arms 6 with stretch arm 7 with gripper shoe 9; Rotation through rotating shaft 11 can realize the folding of support stand 1; The lower end of forearm 4 and postbrachium 5 links to each other with castor 12; Realize moving freely of support stand 1 through castor 12; Crossbeam 8 is used for fixing supplying bottle 13 between postbrachium; Groove 10 is used for fixing root cultivation module 3; Gripper shoe 9 storied placements, bottom gripper shoe is Gao Du ≧ 100mm apart from ground; Perpendicular separation distance between every layer of gripper shoe 9 be A, and the quantity of the cultivation module 3 of A and each layer discharging can be adjusted according to different plant varieties; The number of plies of support stand 1 can be provided with the n layer, and n is a natural number, 1 ≦ n and satisfy formula A*n ≦ H, and wherein H is the maximum height of balcony space.
3. a kind of according to claim 1 balcony plant factor is characterized in that feed flow module 2 as required, is made up of supplying bottle 13 and microporous pipe 14; Supplying bottle 13 is provided with air inlet 15, inlet 16 and liquid outlet 17; Microporous pipe 14 two ends are respectively with silica gel plug 18 sealings; The liquid outlet 17 of supplying bottle 13 is connected with microporous pipe 14 usefulness woven hoses 19; Blast pipe 20 links to each other with the other end silica gel plug 18 of microporous pipe 14, with the switching of tongs 21 control blast pipes 20; Plant need draw nutrient solution according to self growth from microporous pipe 14, not only energy savings but also improved the availability of nutrient solution.
4. a kind of according to claim 1 balcony plant factor is characterized in that cultivating module 3, is made up of microporous pipe 14 and waterproof reflective membrane 22; The outside that waterproof reflective membrane 22 is wrapped in microporous pipe 14 prevents water evaporates; Plant growing is on microporous pipe 14; Through the reflection action of waterproof reflective membrane 22 outer surfaces, increase the intensity of illumination that the plant lower blade receives, and then improve photosynthesis rate; Each cultivation module 3 separate configurations feed flow module 2, intermodule does not disturb mutually, reduces the risk that root disease infects.
CN2012101958678A 2012-06-14 2012-06-14 Balcony plant factory Expired - Fee Related CN102771375B (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103636488A (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-03-19 湖州艺萌城市农业发展有限公司 Hydroponic cultivation device
CN104620968A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-05-20 北京瑞众农业技术有限公司 Multi-variety plant soilless culturing system
CN105472975A (en) * 2013-09-05 2016-04-06 松下知识产权经营株式会社 Hydroculture device and hydroculture method
CN107593158A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 苏州鑫洵机械有限公司 Cabinet type ladder flower stand
CN107667717A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-02-09 梧州市雅正农业科技有限公司 A kind of tea tree seedling culture apparatus
CN108464156A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-08-31 宜昌建林园林工程有限公司 A kind of roof greening canopy
CN108812290A (en) * 2018-07-05 2018-11-16 闽清县振兴农业专业合作社 A kind of fruits and vegetables plantation frame that can adjust angle
CN109220764A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-18 北京大学宽禁带半导体研究中心高安研究院 Plant factor's vegetable cultivation system and equipment
CN110741834A (en) * 2018-07-04 2020-02-04 安庆师范大学 Integrated equipment for three-dimensional planting and transferring of potted vegetables
CN114206099A (en) * 2019-05-28 2022-03-18 克利佩克斯Ip有限公司 Production unit for growing or propagating organisms

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1078092A (en) * 1992-05-08 1993-11-10 单学林 Full-light three-dimensional soilless culture frame
CN2682824Y (en) * 2004-02-20 2005-03-09 中国农业大学 Coarse sand cultivation device for vegetable anniversary production
CN2807766Y (en) * 2005-08-05 2006-08-23 广东省农业机械研究所 Assembled type planting device for circulating feeding liquid
CN201422287Y (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-03-17 肖俊培 Vegetable planting box capable of being used at household balcony
CN201789811U (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-04-13 崔卫华 Terrace type stereoscopic planting device on balcony

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1078092A (en) * 1992-05-08 1993-11-10 单学林 Full-light three-dimensional soilless culture frame
CN2682824Y (en) * 2004-02-20 2005-03-09 中国农业大学 Coarse sand cultivation device for vegetable anniversary production
CN2807766Y (en) * 2005-08-05 2006-08-23 广东省农业机械研究所 Assembled type planting device for circulating feeding liquid
CN201422287Y (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-03-17 肖俊培 Vegetable planting box capable of being used at household balcony
CN201789811U (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-04-13 崔卫华 Terrace type stereoscopic planting device on balcony

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105472975A (en) * 2013-09-05 2016-04-06 松下知识产权经营株式会社 Hydroculture device and hydroculture method
CN103636488A (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-03-19 湖州艺萌城市农业发展有限公司 Hydroponic cultivation device
CN104620968A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-05-20 北京瑞众农业技术有限公司 Multi-variety plant soilless culturing system
CN107593158A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 苏州鑫洵机械有限公司 Cabinet type ladder flower stand
CN107667717A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-02-09 梧州市雅正农业科技有限公司 A kind of tea tree seedling culture apparatus
CN108464156A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-08-31 宜昌建林园林工程有限公司 A kind of roof greening canopy
CN110741834A (en) * 2018-07-04 2020-02-04 安庆师范大学 Integrated equipment for three-dimensional planting and transferring of potted vegetables
CN108812290A (en) * 2018-07-05 2018-11-16 闽清县振兴农业专业合作社 A kind of fruits and vegetables plantation frame that can adjust angle
CN109220764A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-18 北京大学宽禁带半导体研究中心高安研究院 Plant factor's vegetable cultivation system and equipment
CN109220764B (en) * 2018-10-24 2021-05-28 北京大学宽禁带半导体研究中心高安研究院 Vegetable planting system of plant factory
CN114206099A (en) * 2019-05-28 2022-03-18 克利佩克斯Ip有限公司 Production unit for growing or propagating organisms
US11985927B2 (en) 2019-05-28 2024-05-21 Clipex IP Limited Production unit for growing or propagating organisms

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