CN102755234B - Laminar flow hospital bed - Google Patents

Laminar flow hospital bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102755234B
CN102755234B CN 201210247526 CN201210247526A CN102755234B CN 102755234 B CN102755234 B CN 102755234B CN 201210247526 CN201210247526 CN 201210247526 CN 201210247526 A CN201210247526 A CN 201210247526A CN 102755234 B CN102755234 B CN 102755234B
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CN
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Prior art keywords
filter
laminar flow
layer
purification system
filter housing
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CN 201210247526
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102755234A (en )
Inventor
刘铁
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西安交通大学
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种层流病床,包括支架、净化系统和过滤罩;支架上设置有过滤罩;净化系统的进气口连通过滤罩围绕形成的隔离空间内和隔离空间外,出气口连通过滤罩围绕形成的隔离空间;净化系统为一台功率在20到100W的净化消毒机;过滤罩包括过滤膜,过滤膜包括两层无纺布层和位于两层无纺布层之间的一层过滤无纺布层,中间一层的过滤无纺布层的孔径为0.1~0.3um。 The present invention relates to a laminar flow beds, comprises a bracket, and the filter cover purification system; the bracket is provided with a filter jacket; intake port in communication within the filter purification system enclosure formed around the insulation space and the insulation space, the filter housing outlet in communication a space formed around the spacer; purification system of a power machine 20 to the cleaning and disinfection of 100W; membrane filter comprises a filter housing, a filter layer comprising a filter membrane between two layers of nonwoven fabric and two layers of nonwoven fabric layer located a nonwoven fabric layer, an intermediate layer of filter pore size of the nonwoven fabric layer is 0.1 ~ 0.3um. 本发明利用无纺布过滤膜,取代了透明朔料布,采取全密闭的过滤罩,使用小功率的净化系统即可达到所需效果,价格低廉,其防护效果远高于目前医院内使用的层流病床;适用于血液科的免疫缺陷及化疗后病人,本产品的研发将对医院内感染的预防及治疗起到非常积极的作用。 The present invention utilizes filtration membrane nonwoven fabric, a substituted moon transparent fabric material, take the whole filter case closed, small power purification system to achieve the desired effect, low price, which is provided with the protective effect is much higher than current hospital laminar flow beds; suitable for hematology and immune deficiency in chemotherapy patients, infection in the development of this product will be hospital treatment and prevention play a very active role.

Description

一种层流病床 A laminated flow beds

【技术领域】 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及医疗护理器械领域,特别涉及一种层流病床。 [0001] The present invention relates to a medical care facility, and more particularly, to a laminar flow beds.

【背景技术】 【Background technique】

[0002] 免疫缺陷病人,特别是长期使用激素类药物的病人,极易发生院内感染,而且一旦感染很难控制,例如血液疾病、烧伤、呼吸道疾病以及化放疗等免疫力低的病人都容易发生感染,为了预防病原微生物引起的感染,需要将这些病人与外界隔离。 [0002] immunocompromised patients, particularly patients with long-term use of hormone drugs, prone to nosocomial infection, and once infected difficult to control, e.g., blood diseases, burns, and other respiratory diseases and radiotherapy patients with low immunity are prone infection, in order to prevent infections caused by pathogenic microorganisms, these patients need to be isolated from the outside. 隔离病房及层流病床可以断绝患者与外界的接触,但建立隔离病房需要大量的资金,同样层流病床也需要较闻的费用,闻档层流病床(400W左右)费用闻(10万),其治疗效果基本可以满足临床要求,但普通病人难以承受,目前社会上也有些层流病床(60-200W左右),价格相对较低(2.5-4万),但由于罩内不能维持有效防御病菌的正压,使其防护能力受到质疑。 Isolation wards and laminar flow beds can cut off contact with the patient with the outside world, but the establishment of isolation wards need a lot of money, the same laminar flow beds also require cost than the smell, the smell stall laminar flow beds (about 400W) cost of smell (100,000), its therapeutic effect can basically meet the clinical requirements, but the average patient unbearable, the community also some laminar flow beds (about 60-200W), prices are relatively low (2.5-4 million), but because the hood can not maintain an effective defense germs positive pressure, so that the protective capability has been questioned. 因此我们需要找到一个既能预防和减少感染又能够让普通病人接受的方法。 So we need to find a way to both prevent and reduce infection and allows the patient to accept the ordinary.

【发明内容】 [SUMMARY]

[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供一种结构简单、造价低、功率低、效率高的层流病床,以解决上述技术问题。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a simple, low cost, low power, high efficiency laminar flow beds, to solve the above problems.

[0004] 为了实现上述目的,本发明采用如下技术方案: [0004] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0005] 一种层流病床,包括支架、净化系统和过滤罩;支架上设置有过滤罩;净化系统的进气口连通过滤罩围绕形成的隔离空间内和隔离空间外,出气口连通过滤罩围绕形成的隔离空间。 [0005] A laminar flow beds, comprises a bracket, and the filter cover purification system; provided with a filter housing bracket; an outer insulation space inside the intake port communicates purification system and the filter cover surrounding the insulating space is formed, the filter housing outlet in communication isolation around the space formed.

[0006] 本发明进一步的改进在于:净化系统为一台功率在20到100W的净化消毒机。 [0006] The present invention further improvement wherein: purification system 20 is a power of 100W to purification and disinfection machine.

[0007] 本发明进一步的改进在于:支架顶端安装有顶板,净化系统固定于支架顶部的顶板上;所述隔离空间由过滤罩和顶板共同围绕形成。 [0007] The present invention further improvement wherein: a top plate mounted to the top bracket, the purification system is fixed to the top plate of the top bracket; together around the insulation space formed by the filter and the top cover.

[0008] 本发明进一步的改进在于:所述过滤罩包括过滤膜,所述过滤膜包括两层无纺布层和位于两层无纺布层之间的一层过滤无纺布层,中间一层的过滤无纺布层的孔径为 [0008] The present invention further improvement wherein: the filter comprises a filter housing intermediate film, the membrane filtration layer comprises a nonwoven fabric and two layers of a layer positioned between two layers of non-woven filter layer nonwoven fabric layer, a pore size filter layer is a nonwoven fabric layer

0.1^0.3um。 0.1 ^ 0.3um.

[0009] 本发明进一步的改进在于:所述过滤无纺布层为熔喷无纺布层或驻极化的熔喷无纺布层。 [0009] The present invention further improvement wherein: said filter layer is a meltblown nonwoven layer or a meltblown nonwoven fabric layer in polarization.

[0010] 本发明进一步的改进在于:过滤膜的一端连接有透明塑料层,过滤罩具有一开口,该开口由过滤膜末端和透明塑料层交叠构成;该开口处设置有密封装置。 [0010] The present invention further improvement wherein: one end of the filtration membrane is connected to the transparent plastic layer, a filter housing having an opening end, and a filtration membrane composed of a transparent plastic layer overlaps; the opening is provided with sealing means.

[0011] 本发明进一步的改进在于:所述密封装置为拉链、系带、扣子或魔力粘。 [0011] The present invention further improvement wherein: said sealing means is a fastener, ties, buttons or magic stick.

[0012] 本发明进一步的改进在于:支架上安装有病床铺板,该病床铺板被罩设于过滤罩围绕形成的隔离空间内。 [0012] The present invention further improvement wherein: sick bed plate mounted on the holder, the disease is housed bed plate disposed within the filter housing is formed around the insulation space.

[0013] 本发明进一步的改进在于:净化系统设置于病床铺板的头部上方。 [0013] The present invention further improvement wherein: purification system disposed above the head of the bed plated.

[0014] 本发明进一步的改进在于:净化系统的进气口包括第一进气口和第二进气口;第一进气口连通过滤罩围绕形成的隔离空间,第二进气口连通隔离空间外。 [0014] The present invention further improvement wherein: the intake port purification system comprising a first intake port and a second intake port; a first intake port formed in communication with the filter jacket surrounding the insulation space, the second intake port communicates isolation outer space. [0015] 与现有技术相比,本发明具有以下优点:本发明利用了一种无纺布过滤膜,取代了透明朔料布,采取全密闭的过滤罩,使用小功率的净化系统即可达到所需效果,其产品价格低(低于一万元),其防护效果远高于目前医院内使用的层流病床;由于其成本低,和普通层流病床一样,适用于血液科的免疫缺陷及化疗后病人,本产品的研发将对医院内感染的预防及治疗起到非常积极的作用。 [0015] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: the present invention makes use of non-woven filter membrane purification system, instead of a transparent material moon cloth take the whole filter case closed, small power can be used to achieve the desired effect, low price (less than one million), and its protective effect is much higher than laminar flow within the hospital beds in use at present; because of its low cost, and general laminar flow as beds for hematology immune defects in chemotherapy patients, infection in the development of this product will be hospital treatment and prevention play a very active role.

【附图说明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1 是本发明层流病床的结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the laminar flow beds of the present invention;

[0017] 图2是本发明层流病床的顶部示意图; [0017] FIG. 2 is a schematic flow according to the present invention the top layer of the bed;

[0018] 图3是本发明层流病床的净化系统的底部示意图。 [0018] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a bottom layer of the bed flow purification system of the present invention.

【具体实施方式】 【detailed description】

[0019] 下面结合附图对本发明做进一步详细描述。 [0019] The following drawings further detailed description of the invention bind.

[0020] 请参阅图1至图3所示,本发明一种层流病床,包括支架I和净化系统2以及罩于支架上的过滤罩3。 [0020] Please refer to FIGS. 1 to 3, the present invention provides a laminar flow beds and cleaning system comprising a stent I to the holder 2 and the cover 3 of the filter housing.

[0021] 支架I为三角铁焊接而成的长方形支架,其高度为1.7米,长为1.9米,宽为1.1米,以方便与医院的普通病床配合。 [0021] I brackets welded to the bracket rectangular triangle having a height of 1.7 meters, 1.9 meters long, 1.1 meters wide, to facilitate mating with an ordinary hospital bed.

[0022] 支架I顶端安装有顶板,支架四周围绕有过滤罩3。 Top [0022] The holder is attached to the top plate I, the stent is surrounded by a filter cover 3.

[0023] 净化系统2为一台功率在20到100W的净化消毒机,净化系统2固定于支架I顶部的顶板上;净化系统2上设有第一进气口221、第二进气口222和出气口21 ;净化系统2的第一进气口221连通过滤罩3围绕形成的隔离空间,净化系统2的第二进气口222连通隔离空间外,出气口21连通过滤罩3与顶板围绕形成的隔离空间。 [0023] The purification system is a power of 2 from 20 to 100W purification disinfection, purification system 2 is fixed to the roof top of the bracket I; the first intake port 221 is provided on the purification system 2, a second intake port 222 21 and the air outlet; purification communication system of the first intake port 221 of the filter housing 3 surrounding the insulation space is formed, purifying system of the second intake port 222 communicates isolated space 2, the air outlet 21 communicating with the top plate 3 around the filter housing forming an isolation space.

[0024] 过滤罩3围绕于支架I四周;过滤罩3的过滤膜分为三层,包括两层无纺布层和位于两层无纺布层之间的一层过滤无纺布层,中间一层的过滤无纺布层,其孔径为0.1 "0.3um。过滤罩3具有一开口以方便病人进出,该开口4由过滤罩3的无纺布末端和透明塑料一端交叠构成,并设置有密封装置(拉链、系带、扣子或魔力粘等)方便开合,以防止病菌的侵入;过滤罩无纺布部分高为1.52米,长为5.6米。透明塑料部分高为1.52米,宽为0.5米。 [0024] The filter housing 3 surrounding the stent to four weeks I; filtration membrane filtration cover 3 is divided into three layers, the two layers comprising a nonwoven layer and a layer of filter nonwoven fabric layer between two non-woven fabric layer, an intermediate a layer of non-woven fabric filter layer, a pore size of 0.1 "0.3um. filter cover 3 has an opening to facilitate the patient in and out of the opening 4 by the end of the filter cover 3 and the nonwoven fabric composed of a transparent plastic end overlap, and arranged sealing means (fastener, ties, buttons, or magic stick, etc.) to facilitate opening and closing, in order to prevent the invasion of bacteria; nonwoven filter case portion height of 1.52 m, a length of 5.6 m height transparent plastic section 1.52 meters wide. 0.5 m.

[0025] 过滤罩3由三层无纺布堆叠组成,经过静电处理的无纺布不仅可以阻挡大粉尘颗粒,而且附在其表面的静电荷可以通过静电引力将细小粉尘吸附住,达到很高的阻尘效率。 [0025] The filter housing 3 by a stack of a nonwoven fabric composed of three layers, the nonwoven fabric after electrostatic treatment of large dust particles not only barrier, attached to its electrostatic charge and the surface of the fine dust can be adsorbed by electrostatic attraction to live, to achieve high the dust blocking efficiency. 而滤料的厚度却很薄,大大降低了使用者的呼吸阻力,并感到舒适,从而达到了好的滤料的必要条件。 The filter has a thin thickness, greatly reducing the user's breathing resistance, and feel comfortable, so as to achieve the necessary conditions for a good filter material.

[0026] 层流病床的净化效果> 0.3 μ m的尘埃和细菌的过滤效率> 99.995% ;特别是经过驻极化的无纺布过滤效果达99%以上,可以防止病毒的侵入。 [0026] The laminar flow beds purification effect> 0.3 μ m of dust and bacteria filtration efficiency> 99.995%; in particular through the effect of non-woven electret filter of 99% or more, can prevent the intrusion of viruses.

[0027] 由于成本低,价格低,耗能少,因此广泛适用于血液疾病、烧伤、呼吸道疾病和化放疗等免疫力低病人。 [0027] Due to the low cost, low price, low energy consumption, and therefore widely used in blood diseases, burns, respiratory diseases and low immunity, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy patients.

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种层流病床,其特征在于,包括支架(1)、净化系统(2)和过滤罩(3);支架(1)上设置有过滤罩(3);净化系统(2)的进气口连通过滤罩(3)围绕形成的隔离空间内和隔离空间外,出气口(21)连通过滤罩(3)围绕形成的隔离空间;所述过滤罩(3)包括过滤膜,所述过滤膜包括两层无纺布层和位于两层无纺布层之间的一层过滤无纺布层,中间一层的过滤无纺布层的孔径为0.1~0.3um ;净化系统(2)为一台功率在20到100W的净化消毒机。 A laminar flow beds, characterized by comprising a stent (1), purification system (2) and a filter housing (3); holder (1) is provided on a filter housing (3); purification system (2) into communication port filter housing (3) surrounding the inner insulation space and the insulation space is formed outside the air outlet (21) communicating filter housing (3) formed around the insulation space; the filter housing (3) comprises a filter membrane, the filter comprising two nonwoven layers and the film layer of filter nonwoven fabric layer positioned between two layers of non-woven fabric layer, an intermediate layer of non-woven fabric filter layer pore diameter of 0.1 ~ 0.3um; purification system (2) a power of 20 to 100W of purification and disinfection machine.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种层流病床,其特征在于,支架(1)顶端安装有顶板,净化系统(2)固定于支架(1)顶部的顶板上;所述隔离空间由过滤罩(3)和顶板共同围绕形成。 A laminar flow of the hospital bed according to claim 1, characterized in that the holder (1) is attached to the top of the top plate, the purification system (2) fixed to the roof top of the bracket (1); a space isolated from the filter the cover (3) and formed around the top plate together.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种层流病床,其特征在于,所述过滤无纺布层为熔喷无纺布层或驻极化的熔喷无纺布层。 3. A hospital bed according to any preceding claim laminar flow in claim 1, characterized in that the filter layer is a meltblown nonwoven layer or a meltblown nonwoven fabric layer in polarization.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种层流病床,其特征在于,过滤膜的一端连接有透明塑料层,过滤罩(3)具有一开口(4),该开口(4)由过滤膜末端和透明塑料层交叠构成;该开口(4)处设置有密封装置。 4. A hospital bed according to any preceding claim laminar flow in claim 1, characterized in that the end of the filter is connected to a transparent plastic film layer, a filter housing (3) having an opening (4), the opening (4) by the end of the filtration membrane and a transparent plastic layer constituting overlap; the opening (4) provided at the sealing means.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的一种层流病床,其特征在于,所述密封装置为拉链、系带、扣子或魔力粘。 The laminar flow requires a hospital bed as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that said sealing means is a fastener, ties, buttons or magic stick.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的一种层流病床,其特征在于,支架(1)上安装有病床铺板,该病床铺板被罩设于过滤罩(3)围绕形成的隔离空间内。 A laminar flow of the hospital bed according to claim 1, characterized in that the holder (1) mounting plate sick bed, bed plate disease is housed disposed on the filter housing (3) surrounding the inner insulation space is formed.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的一种层流病床,其特征在于,净化系统(2)设置于病床铺板的头部上方。 A laminar flow of the hospital bed according to claim 6, characterized in that the cleaning system (2) disposed above the head of the bed plated.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的一种层流病床,其特征在于,净化系统(2)的进气口包括第一进气口(221)和第二进气口(222);第一进气口(221)连通过滤罩(3)围绕形成的隔离空间,第二进气口(222)连通隔离空间外。 8. A hospital bed in accordance with claim laminar flow in claim 1, characterized in that the cleaning system (2) comprises a first intake port of the intake port (221) and a second intake port (222); a first feed port (221) communicates the filter housing (3) surrounding the insulation space is formed, a second intake port (222) communicating the outer insulation space.
CN 201210247526 2012-07-17 2012-07-17 Laminar flow hospital bed CN102755234B (en)

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FI93079C (en) * 1993-08-02 1995-02-27 Kari Nerg patient Bed
US7669259B2 (en) * 2005-11-17 2010-03-02 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Stowing birthing bed foot section
CN201239273Y (en) * 2008-07-11 2009-05-20 东莞市利安达环境科技有限公司 Medical laminar flow bed
CN201244144Y (en) * 2008-09-05 2009-05-27 陈志武 Vertical lamellar flow bed
CN201370700Y (en) * 2009-03-06 2009-12-30 查显进 Laminar flow sickbed

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