CN102750142A - Method for applying military aviation electronic map in Windows CE system - Google Patents

Method for applying military aviation electronic map in Windows CE system Download PDF

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CN102750142A
CN102750142A CN2012101489069A CN201210148906A CN102750142A CN 102750142 A CN102750142 A CN 102750142A CN 2012101489069 A CN2012101489069 A CN 2012101489069A CN 201210148906 A CN201210148906 A CN 201210148906A CN 102750142 A CN102750142 A CN 102750142A
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electronic map
layer
step
map
file
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CN102750142B (en
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刘昊
李德银
王胜海
赵雷鸣
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中国人民解放军92728部队
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Abstract

The invention provides a method for applying a military aviation electronic map in a Windows CE system. The method comprises step one, converting the format of the aviation electronic map; step two, storing the format-converted electronic map according to a user-defined format; and step three, calling and displaying the user-defined electronic map format through application in embedded operation system Windows CE. By converting the format of the aviation electronic map, fast call of the Windows CE system can be achieved, and a visual picture can be provided for pilots to complete operation of a search positioning processing system.

Description

军用航空电子地图在Windows CE系统中的应用方法 Military aviation electronic map application method in Windows CE system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及计算机图形处理技术,更具体地,涉及一种军用航空电子地图在Windows CE系统中的应用方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to computer graphics processing technology, and more particularly, to a method of military avionics map application in Windows CE system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着科学技术的发展,人类准确、详实的记录地理信息对于技术进步产生巨大的推动作用。 [0002] With the development of science and technology, human accurate, detailed records of geographic information have a huge role in promoting technological progress. 电子地图是20世纪80年代出现的以数字形式表示的地图品种,它使得地图的信息化特征得到了很好地展现,使得二维的纸质地图信息向多维的空间信息发展,并且可以和其他的电子信息相关联应用。 Electronic map is a 1980s map appeared varieties represented in digital form, which allows information map feature has been well demonstrated that the two-dimensional paper maps information to the multi-dimensional information space development, and can and other electronic information associated with the application.

[0003] 随着军事化的需要,申请人研制了一型机载搜索定位处理系统,用于完成海上搜索、营救处理任务。 [0003] With the militarization required, the applicant developed a type of airborne search positioning processing system for complete maritime search, rescue processing tasks. 通常,由于受安装空间和重量的限制,该系统的体积和重量应尽量小型化,这样就限制了硬件的处理能力,要求操作系统的内核开销小、效率高、模块化程度高。 Typically, due to the limitation of installation space and weight by volume and weight of the system should be as compact as possible, thus limiting the processing power of the hardware, the operating system kernel required overhead, high efficiency, high degree of modularity.

[0004] 同时,搜索定位处理系统在完成数据接收时,还需要完成对数据的处理和图形的显示,这需要操作系统能够提供多任务、多线程管理。 [0004] Meanwhile, the search positioning processing system at the completion of data reception, also need to complete the processing and display of graphics data, which requires the operating system to provide multi-tasking, multi-thread management. 另外,搜索定位处理系统还需要给飞行员提供操作界面,这需要操作系统具有良好的图形窗口和用户界面。 In addition, the search positioning processing systems also need to provide the user interface to the pilot, which requires the operating system and has a good graphical user interface window.

[0005] 在现有的小型化嵌入式操作系统中,Windows CE具备上述的各项特性,其可以根据硬件特性及任务要求对系统进行定制、裁剪,并编译出符合要求的Windows CE系统,同时是一个多任务、图形用户界面出色、拥有良好通信能力的操作系统。 [0005] In a conventional compact embedded operating system, Windows CE has the characteristics described above, which can be based on hardware characteristics and mission requirements of the system customization, tailoring, and compiled to meet the requirements of Windows CE system, at the same time It is a multi-task, excellent graphical user interface, with good communication capabilities of the operating system.

[0006] 但是,搜索定位处理系统需要完成对军用航空电子地图的调用、操作与显示,而操作系统Windows CE不支持MapX控件,无法实现电子地图的直接应用。 [0006] However, the search positioning processing system need to complete the call to military aviation electronic map display and operation, and the Windows CE operating system does not support the MapX control, can not be directly applied to achieve electronic map. 而直接使用嵌入式电子地图,其电子信息少,对于复杂电磁环境下的地理信息不完整,不能应用于实战。 The direct use of embedded electronic map, less its electronic information for a complex electromagnetic environment of geographic information is incomplete and can not be used in combat.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 为克服现有的缺陷,本发明提出一种军用航空电子地图在Windows CE系统中的应用方法。 [0007] In order to overcome the conventional drawbacks, the present invention provides a method of military avionics map application in Windows CE system.

[0008] 根据本发明的一个方面,提出了一种军用航空电子地图在Windows CE系统中的应用方法,包括:步骤1,对航空电子地图的格式进行转换;步骤2,将转换格式后的电子地图按照自定义的格式进行存储;步骤3,在嵌入式操作系统Windows CE中通过应用对自定义的电子地图格式进行调用和显示。 [0008] In accordance with one aspect of the present invention proposed a method of military avionics map application in Windows CE system, comprising: step 1, avionics map format conversion; Step 2, after the format conversion electron Maps are stored according to a custom format; step 3, Windows CE embedded operating system through the application of custom electronic map format and call display.

[0009] 本发明针对嵌入式操作系统Windows CE不能直接调用ma pinfo格式的电子地图问题,提供一种电子地图在Windows CE的应用方法,通过对电子地图进行格式转换,实现了在Windows CE系统的快速调用,这对于飞行员完成对搜索定位处理系统的操作可以提供非常直观的画面。 [0009] The present invention is directed to an embedded operating system Windows CE can not call the question ma pinfo electronic map format directly, provides an electronic map application method in Windows CE, through the electronic map format conversion, to achieve a system in Windows CE quick call, which for the pilot to complete the operation of search positioning processing system can provide a very intuitive screen.

[0010] 通过电子地图,飞行员可以清楚地了解自己所处的位置,搜索目标距离自己的方位和距离,以及到达目标所需的时间等信息,这对提升海上搜索营救效率具有重要意义。 [0010] By electronic maps, pilots can clearly see where you are, search target, which is important to enhance the efficiency of maritime search and rescue from its own position and distance, and time required to reach the target information. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图I为根据本发明的军用航空电子地图在Windows CE系统中的应用方法的操作流程图。 [0011] Figure I is a flowchart illustrating the operation according to the present invention is military avionics map application methods in the Windows CE system.

[0012] 如图所示,为了能明确实现本发明的实施例的流程,在图中描述了特定的设备和运行顺序,但这仅为示意需要,并非意图将本发明限定在该特定设备、顺序、器件和环境中,根据具体需要,本领域的普通技术人员可以将这些器件和环境进行调整或者修改,所进行的调整或者修改仍然包括在后附的权利要求的范围中。 [0012] As shown, in order to achieve specific embodiment of the process of the present invention is described in the figures and specific equipment run sequence, but need only illustrative, not intended to limit the invention to the particular device, sequence, the device and the environment, according to specific needs, those of ordinary skill in the art may adjust these devices and environments or modify, adjust or modify performed still included in the scope of the appended claims.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0013] 下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明提供的一种军用航空电子地图在WindowsCE系统中的应用方法进行详细描述。 Drawings and specific embodiments to one embodiment of the present invention maps military avionics application provides a method in WindowsCE system are described in detail [0013] below in conjunction.

[0014] 在以下的描述中,将描述本发明的多个不同的方面,然而,对于本领域内的普通技术人员而言,可以仅仅利用本发明的一些或者全部结构或者流程来实施本发明。 [0014] In the following description, a plurality of different aspects of the present invention will be described, however, to one of ordinary skill in the art, may only use some or all of the structure or the process of the present invention to the present embodiment of the invention. 为了解释的明确性而言,阐述了特定的数目、配置和顺序,但是很明显,在没有这些特定细节的情况下也可以实施本发明。 For purposes of clarity of explanation, specific numbers are set forth, and the order of configuration, but it is clear that without these specific details of the present invention may be practiced. 在其他情况下,为了不混淆本发明,对于一些众所周知的特征将不再进行详细阐述。 In other cases, in order not to obscure the present invention, some well-known features will not be described in detail.

[0015] 总的来说,本发明的方法首先对电子地图的格式进行转换,将转换后的电子地图按照自定义的格式进行存储;然后在嵌入式操作系统Windows CE中对自定义的电子地图格式进行调用和显示。 [0015] In general, the method of the present invention first electronic map format conversion, the converted electronic map stored in a format customized according to; then the electronic map embedded in Windows CE operating system to customize format and call display.

[0016] 如图I所示,具体地,首先应用Visual C++编制电子地图转换程序,通过VisualC++中的MapX控件调用军用航空电子地图的数据文件,然后按照自定义的电子地图格式进行存储。 [0016] As shown in Figure I, in particular, the first application of Visual C ++ compiled electronic map conversion process, call the military aviation electronic map data files in VisualC ++ MapX control, and then stored in accordance with the custom electronic map format. 其存储方式按照图层进行存放,每个图层中的空间实体按照点、线、面进行分类,并对每个空间实体的空间数据,如位置、拓扑关系和几何特征进行存储。 According to its storage layer for storage space entities in each layer are classified by point, line, surface, and spatial data for each spatial entity, such as location, topology and geometry are stored. 同时对图层及空间实体的属性数据在另外的文件中进行存储,诸如名称、类型等数据。 While the layer attribute data and the spatial entity is stored in another file, data such as name, type, and the like.

[0017] 其次通过Embedded Visual C++编制运行于操作系统Windows CE中的应用程序,该应用程序在完成本身数据接收与处理的同时,完成自定义电子地图的读取、处理与显示,包括对电子地图的放大、缩小、移动等功能。 [0017] followed by the Embedded Visual C ++ preparation of applications running on the operating system in Windows CE, the application completing itself the data receiving and processing the same time, to complete the custom electronic map reading, processing and display, comprising an electronic map enlargement, reduction, movement, etc. functions.

[0018] 原始军用电子地图包括背景图、地貌图形、二级交通图形、二级航空要素地名等35个图层,每个图层包括一个原始数据文件、两个表结构文件和一个交叉索引文件,共计140个文件。 [0018] Original electronic map including military background, topography pattern, two traffic pattern, two aviation names like elements 35 layers, each layer comprising a raw data file, and a file table structure two cross-reference file a total of 140 files.

[0019] 首先,在转换程序中按照自定义电子地图格式定义图层集合类(CHrMapLayers)、图层类(CHrMapLayer )、文字类(CHrDrawText )、符号类(CHrDrawSymbol )、区域类(CHrDrawRegion)、多边形类(CHrDrawPoIy)、元素类(CHrDrawObj),以及点、线、面、元素类型、字体、元素在文件中的索引等结构。 [0019] First, the program conversion according to the custom electronic map format definition layer collection classes (CHrMapLayers), layer class (CHrMapLayer), verbal (CHrDrawText), symbol classes (CHrDrawSymbol), region-based (CHrDrawRegion), polygonal class (CHrDrawPoIy), element class (CHrDrawObj), and a point, line, surface, element type, font, and other elements in the index file structure.

[0020] 通过MapX控件读入要进行转换的图层文件,并把图层文件中的内容放入相应的图层对象、文字对象、符号对象、区域对象、多边形对象、元素对象中,并把空间实体放入定义好的点、线、面、元素类型等数据结构中,然后按照新定义的数据结构把这些数据写入到新建的文件中,包括一个原始数据文件、一个表结构文件和一个交叉索引文件。 [0020] By reading the MapX layer file to be converted, and the contents of the document into the appropriate layer of layer objects, text objects, symbol objects, the object area, polygon object, object elements, and the into the spatial entity defined points, lines, surfaces, and other elements of the data structure type and data structure according to the newly defined data is written to the new file, comprising a raw data file, a file and a table structure cross-reference files.

[0021] 在应用程序中同样定义相应图层集合类、图层类、文字类、符号类、区域类、多边形类、元素类,以及点、线、面、元素类型等数据结构,然后把自定义的数据读入,并存放在相应类所对应的对象中进行显示、放大、缩小和移动等操作。 [0021] Also defined in the application layer in the respective collections, layer class, verbal, symbol-based, region-based, polygon-based, element type, and a dot, line, surface, the element type of the data structure, and then from defined data read, and stored in the object class corresponding to a respective display, zoom and mobile operations.

[0022] 进一步,参考图1,首先通过数据转换程序调入航空电子地图,将其转换为包括空间数据、属性数据、常量变量数据文件;其次自定义多个电子地图数据模型,用来支撑空间数据、属性数据、常量变量数据文件并且支撑于处理该数据文件的应用;最后,将该应用和该数据文件进行联合编译,形成可以将自定义电子地图数据模型直接在操作系统中应用的电子地图文件。 [0022] Further, referring to FIG. 1, the data conversion program is first transferred to the aviation map, which is converted to include spatial data, attribute data, constant variable data file; second plurality of custom electronic map data model for supporting Space data, attribute data, and supports a constant variable data file to the data file processing application; Finally, the application file, and the data compiled jointly form a custom electronic map map data model can be applied directly to the operating system file.

[0023] 最后应说明的是,以上实施例仅用以描述本发明的技术方案而不是对本技术方法进行限制,本发明在应用上可以延伸为其他的修改、变化、应用和实施例,并且因此认为所有这样的修改、变化、应用、实施例都在本发明的精神和教导范围内。 [0023] Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used to describe the technical solutions of the present invention and are not restrictive of the art methods, the present invention is in the application can be extended to other modifications, variations, applications, and embodiments, and thus teachings are considered to be within the spirit and scope of the invention and all such modifications, variations, applications, embodiments.

Claims (9)

1. 一种军用航空电子地图在Windows CE系统中的应用方法,包括: 步骤I,对航空电子地图的格式进行转换; 步骤2,将转换格式后的电子地图按照自定义的格式进行存储; 步骤3,在嵌入式操作系统Windows CE中通过应用对自定义的电子地图格式进行调用和显示。 A military avionics map application method in Windows CE system, comprising: a step I, avionics map format conversion; Step 2, after converting the electronic map stored in a format customized according to the format; step 3, Windows CE embedded operating system through the application of custom electronic map format and call display.
2.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其中,步骤I包括: 应用Visual C++编制电子地图转换程序,通过Visual C++中的MapX控件调用军用航空电子地图的数据文件。 2. The method according to claim I, wherein I comprises the step of: Visual C ++ application compiled electronic map conversion program, calls the military avionics map data files in Visual C ++ MapX Control.
3.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中,步骤I包括: 按照自定义电子地图格式定义图层集合类、图层类、文字类、符号类、区域类、多边形类、元素类,以及点、线、面、元素类型、字体、元素在文件中的索引结构,将航空电子地图进行转换。 3. The method according to claim 2, wherein step I comprises: at customized electronic map format definition layer collections, layer class, verbal, symbol-based, region-based, polygon-based, element type, and Point , line, surface, element types, fonts, element index structure in the file will be converted avionics map.
4.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其中,步骤I包括: 通过MapX控件读入要进行转换航空电子地图的图层文件,并把图层文件中的内容放入相应的图层对象、文字对象、符号对象、区域对象、多边形对象、元素对象中,并把空间实体放入定义好的点、线、面、元素类型的数据结构中; 按照新定义的数据结构把这些数据写入到新建的文件中,包括一个原始数据文件、一个表结构文件和一个交叉索引文件。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein I comprises the step of: reading by the MapX avionics map to be converted layer file, and the contents of the file into the appropriate layer of the layer object, text objects, symbol objects, the object area, polygon object, object elements, and the spatial entity defined into point, line, surface, the element type data structure; the data structure according to the newly defined data is written into the new file, comprising a raw data file, a file table structure and a cross-reference file.
5.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其中,步骤2包括: 将转换后的电子地图按照图层进行存放,每个图层中的空间实体按照点、线、面进行分类,并对每个空间实体的空间数据,诸如位置、拓扑关系和几何特征进行存储。 The method according to claim I, wherein step 2 comprises: the converted electronic map stored in accordance with the layer, the spatial entity in each layer are classified according to the points, lines, surfaces, and each space spatial entity data, such as location, topology and geometry are stored.
6.根据权利要求5所述的方法,其中,步骤2包括: 将图层及空间实体的、诸如名称、类型的属性数据存储在另外的文件中。 6. The method according to claim 5, wherein step 2 comprises: a, such as the name, type and attribute data storage layer of the spatial entity in another file.
7.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其中,步骤3包括: 通过Embedded Visual C++实现基于嵌入式操作系统Windows CE的电子地图的调用,接收和处理该电子地图的存储数据,实现自定义电子地图的读取、处理与显示,该处理包括对电子地图的放大、缩小和移动功能。 7. The method of claim I, wherein the step 3 comprises: ++ Windows CE operating system for embedded electronic map based calls, store data reception and processing of the electronic map, the electronic map by implement custom Embedded Visual C reading, processing and display, the process comprising amplifying the electronic map, and mobility reduction.
8.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其中,所处理的航空电子地图包括诸如背景图、地貌图形、二级交通图形、二级航空要素地名的35个图层,每个图层包括一个原始数据文件、两个表结构文件和一个交叉索引文件。 8. The method of claim I, wherein the process comprises avionics map as background, topography pattern, two traffic pattern, two names aviation elements 35 layers, each layer comprising a primitive data file, two files and a table structure cross-reference file.
9.根据权利要求7所述的方法,其中,步骤3中,该基于嵌入式操作系统Windows CE的电子地图的调用包括: 定义相应图层集合类、图层类、文字类、符号类、区域类、多边形类、元素类,以及点、线、面、元素类型的数据结构; 将转换后的电子地图的数据读入,并存放在相应类所对应的对象中进行显示、放大、缩小和移动操作。 9. The method according to claim 7, wherein, in step 3, based on the Windows CE operating system, the embedded electronic map calls comprising: defining a respective collections layer, layer class, verbal, symbol class, region type, a polygonal type, class elements, as well as point, line, surface, the element type data structure; the converted map data is read, and stored in the object class corresponding to a respective display, zoom and move operating.
CN201210148906.9A 2012-05-14 2012-05-14 The application process of military aviation electronic chart in Windows CE system CN102750142B (en)

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