CN102734942B - Distributed solar heat and power combination energy system - Google Patents

Distributed solar heat and power combination energy system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102734942B
CN102734942B CN201210209121.8A CN201210209121A CN102734942B CN 102734942 B CN102734942 B CN 102734942B CN 201210209121 A CN201210209121 A CN 201210209121A CN 102734942 B CN102734942 B CN 102734942B
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China
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heat pipe
oscillating flow
solar energy
flow heat
water
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CN102734942A (en
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冼海珍
杨勇平
杜小泽
刘登瀛
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North China Electric Power University
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North China Electric Power University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of solar, and in particular relates to a distributed solar heat and power combination energy system. The system comprises an oscillatory flow heat pipe radiating solar photocell generation device, an oscillatory flow heat pipe heat collecting solar water heating device, a user power supply system and a user water heating system. According to the system, the solar generation device absorbs heat from the back side of a high temperature solar photovoltaic panel by using an oscillatory flow heat pipe, so that temperature of the photovoltaic panel is decreased, photoelectric conversion efficiency is significantly improved, and stable operation and power supply of the photovoltaic panel are ensured; the solar water heating device heats water in a hot water tank by using the oscillatory flow heat pipe heat collecting device to absorb photon heat; and a cooling water circulation device for the solar photovoltaic panel in the solar generation device and a hot water circulation device in the solar water heating device form a closed cooling water circulation loop to exchange heat, so that heat generated by the solar panel in light is utilized. The distributed solar heat and power combination energy system meets the requirement of a user for solar heat and power combination, and is applicable to power and heat supply for a single user or collective users.

Description

Distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of solar energy, particularly a kind of distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system.
Background technology
Solar energy reserves are huge, clean and safe, are the desirable alternative energy sources of the fossil fuel such as oil, coal.Solar energy power generating is a kind of important way of solar thermal utilization, however cost is high and efficiency low be the key factor that restricts its development.Solar energy power generating is to utilize the photovoltaic effect of interface and a kind of technology of luminous energy directly being changed into electric energy, has advantages of that conversion efficiency is high, cost is low.But the injection of high light intensity makes photovoltaic cell produce amount of heat, these heats are as got rid of not in time, and the conversion efficiency of battery and reliability will decline rapidly, and shorten service life.
Solar thermal collector has passed through the development of decades, and technology is more ripe and perfect, and according to statistics, solar thermal collection system can be realized building energy conservation 10% to 15%, and house adopts solar energy heating system, will save 45% left and right for building energy consumption.Solar thermal collector is the critical component of various solar energy utilization system, is mainly divided into flat plate collector and the large type of vacuum tube collector two.Take a broad view of the present situation of solar thermal utilization, abroad mainly taking panel solar as main, domestic taking vacuum tube as main.Due to the equal splendid attire recirculated water of the two thermal-collecting tube, winter is easily freezing, in addition, due to not pressure-bearing of all-glass vacuum thermal-collecting tube, the risk of therefore leaking, in skyscraper with water supply network pressure unmatched, these all restricted solar energy heating technology development.Oscillating flow heat pipe is the new and effective heat pipe of one growing up for nearly ten years in the world.Oscillating flow heat pipe is by the bending snakelike pipeline of the capillary of growing, and is made up of some thin straight pipelines and some elbows, is divided into bringing-up section, condensation segment and isolation section three parts.Described under its operation principle: when enough hour of caliber, under vacuum, be encapsulated in hydraulic fluid in pipe will be in pipe the plunger between formation liquid, vapour phase.In bringing-up section, the liquid film between steam bubble or vapour post and tube wall, because of the constantly evaporation of being heated, causes steam bubble to expand, and promotes vapour-liquid plug flow to cold junction condensation contraction, thereby between cool and heat ends, forms larger pressure reduction.Because vapour-liquid plunger is interspersed, thereby in pipe, produce strong reciprocating vibration motion, thereby realize high efficiencies of heat transfer.This new heat pipe has following outstanding advantages compared with conventional heat pipe: caliber is little, and volume is little, augmentation of heat transfer; Do not need capillary wick, simple in structure, cost is low; Reliable, liquid backflow adaptivity is strong, is difficult for dryouting; Start rapidly; Can be arbitrarily bending, applied range; Can adopt different mode of heatings and heating location.Heat absorption inner tube by oscillating flow heat pipe as solar thermal collector, not only can increase endotherm area, improves collecting efficiency, can also realize " dry connection ", and energy pressure-bearing is water-tight; In addition, because thermal-collecting tube is not contained recirculated water, therefore winter can be not freezing.Therefore need a kind ofly utilize oscillating flow heat pipe to carry out the heat radiation of solar-energy photo-voltaic cell and utilize oscillating flow heat pipe to carry out the solar thermal electric combined supply energy resource system of thermal-arrest.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve that the conversion efficiency that the high temperature of the solar energy photocell board described in background technology brings reduces, shorten service life, and solar thermal collection system is antifreeze, pressure-bearing problem provides a kind of distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system (the IEEE1457 standard definition of formulating according to U.S. electric and Electronic Engineering Association, distributed energy refers to the power source that is not directly connected to power system) that efficiently utilizes solar photoelectric, photo-thermal energy.Native system is in utilizing photovoltaic generating system to provide electric power for user, also reduce the temperature of photovoltaic cell by efficient oscillating flow heat pipe cooling system, and its heat radiation is collected, together with oscillation flow heat pipe solar energy water heater for user provides hot water, do not need additional source of energy, to environment without any pollution.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
Distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system comprises oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT, oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy, customer power supply system and user's hot-water heating system.Hot water circulating device in solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device and oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy that oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT and oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy dispel the heat in solar photocell TRT by oscillating flow heat pipe forms cooling water circulation, oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT is by customer power supply system to customer power supply, and oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy passes through user's hot-water heating system to user's supplying hot water;
Described oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT is made up of solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device and 3~5 oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assemblies, in oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly, the upper plane close contact of the bringing-up section of the back side of solar energy photocell board 101 and heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102, the front close contact of the lower plane of the bringing-up section of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and heat sink 103, heat sink heat-insulation layer 104 is by coated to the back side of heat sink 103 and side, the current output terminal of the solar energy photocell board 101 of 3~5 oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assemblies is parallel-connected to the input of customer power supply system 112,
In described solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device, cooling water tank 105 is horizontal cylindricality cavity, an elongated slot is arranged at the bottom of water tank sidewall, circulating cooling water out 110 is placed in the top of cooling water tank 105, circulating cooling water inlet 111 is placed in the bottom of cooling water tank 105, circulating cooling water out 110 is connected with the input of circulating valve I 108, the output of circulating valve I 108 is connected with the circulating water intake II 218 in hot water 205, circulating cooling water inlet 111 is connected with the output of circulating pump I 109, the input of circulating pump I 109 is connected with the circulating water outlet II 219 in hot water 205, cooling water tank heat-insulation layer 107 is by coated cooling water tank 105,
3~5 are swung stream heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly and are arranged into a plane, the cooling section of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 is placed in cooling water tank 105 from the elongated slot of cooling water tank 105 lower sidewall, and by tank seal baffle plate I 106 and gasket seal thereof and cooling water tank 105 is affixed and sealing, the cooling section of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and cooling water tank 105 are upper, swing the solar energy photocell board 101 of stream heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly towards the sunlight incident direction 301 at noon, swinging stream heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly is obliquely installed,
Described oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy is made up of hot water circulating device and 3~15 oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assemblies, in described oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly, the lower plane of bringing-up section and the front close contact of collecting plate 203 of oscillating flow heat pipe 202 for thermal-arrest, collecting plate heat-insulation layer 204 is by coated to the back side of collecting plate 203 and side, and vacuum glas-cover board 201 covers in the upper plane of bringing-up section of thermal-arrest oscillating flow heat pipe 202;
In described hot water circulating device, hot water 205 is horizontal cylindricality cavity, an elongated slot is arranged at the bottom of water tank sidewall, cold water inlet 208, circulating water outlet I 214 and circulating water intake II 218 are placed in the top of hot water 205, circulating water intake I 215 and hot water outlet 216 are placed in the bottom of hot water 205, circulating water outlet II 219 is placed in the middle part of hot water 205, circulating water outlet I 214 is connected with the input of circulating valve II 211, the output of circulating valve II 211 is connected with one end of hot-water circulation pipe 213, circulating water intake I 215 is connected with the output of circulating pump II 212, the input of circulating pump II 212 is connected with hot-water circulation pipe 213 the other end, hot water outlet 216 is connected with the input of hot water effluent's valve 217, the output of hot water effluent's valve 217 is connected with the hot water inlet of user's hot-water heating system 220, cold water inlet 208 is connected with flowmeter 210 outputs, the input of flowmeter 210 is connected with the output of cold water water intaking valve 209, cold water water intaking valve 209 inputs are connected with user's running water pipe, hot water heat-insulation layer 207 is by coated hot water 205,
3~15 oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assemblies are put side by side or are divided into 2~3 groups and put side by side, thermal-arrest is placed in hot water 205 from the elongated slot of hot water 205 lower sidewall with the cooling section of oscillating flow heat pipe 202, and by tank seal baffle plate II 206 and gasket seal thereof by thermal-arrest affixed and sealing by oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and hot water 205, the structure of tank seal baffle plate II 206 is identical with tank seal baffle plate I 106, the cooling section of thermal-arrest use oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and hot water 205 are upper, the vacuum glas-cover board 201 of oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly is towards the sunlight incident direction 301 at noon, oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly is obliquely installed, when oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly is divided into 2~3 groups while putting side by side, every group of oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly has a set of hot water circulating device, and the output parallel connection of respectively overlapping hot water effluent's valve 217 of hot water circulating device is connected with the hot water inlet of user's hot-water heating system 220.
Described solar energy photocell board 101 is solar photovoltaic cell panel;
Described heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and thermal-arrest are single loop type oscillating flow heat pipe with oscillating flow heat pipe 202, and material is copper pipe;
The material of described heat sink 103 is copper coin, aluminium alloy plate, albronze plate, corrosion resistant plate or galvanized steel plain sheet, is shaped as flat board or waveform plate, and the waveform spacing of waveform plate is identical with the capillary spacing of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102;
Described cooling water tank 105 and hot water 205 are stainless steel cylinder chamber body;
The material of described heat sink heat-insulation layer 104, cooling water tank heat-insulation layer 107, collecting plate heat-insulation layer 204 and cooling water tank heat-insulation layer 207 is polyurethane coating or heat-preservation cotton;
Described vacuum glas-cover board 201 is the vacuum interlayer cover plate of four side seals of double glazing;
The material of described collecting plate 203 is copper coin, aluminium alloy plate, albronze plate, corrosion resistant plate or galvanized steel plain sheet, is shaped as flat board or waveform plate, and the waveform spacing of waveform plate is identical by the capillary spacing of oscillating flow heat pipe 202 with thermal-arrest;
After the front close contact of described thermal-arrest with oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and collecting plate 203, thermal-arrest is all covered with coating for selective absorption with the surface of oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and collecting plate 203 front exposed parts;
Described tank seal baffle plate I 106 is greater than the rectangle corrosion resistant plate of the width of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 for length, the width of tank seal baffle plate I 106 is arc, the radius of curvature of arc is identical with the radius of curvature of tank seal baffle plate I 106 outer walls, tank seal baffle plate I 106 is spliced by two identical rectangle corrosion resistant plates, on middle splicing seams 113, there is row's copper pipe perforation 114, the quantity of copper pipe perforation 114, spacing and diameter respectively with the number of capillaries of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102, spacing is identical with external diameter, respectively there is row's bolt hole 115 in copper pipe 114 both sides of boring a hole, the capillary of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 is placed in copper pipe perforation 114, by square corrosion resistant plate splicing seams 113 seal weldings of two block lengths of tank seal baffle plate I 106, again by capillary and tank seal baffle plate I 106 seal weldings,
The mode of the front close contact of the lower plane of the bringing-up section of described heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and heat sink 103 and thermal-arrest are that welding or heat-conducting glue are bonding by the mode of the lower plane of the bringing-up section of oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and the front close contact of collecting plate 203;
Described heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and thermal-arrest are distilled water, ethanol, acetone or cold-producing medium R141b with the low boiling working fluid of oscillating flow heat pipe 202 inner fillings.
In oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT, be provided with heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device, solar energy photocell board because making photovoltaic cell produce amount of heat, is got rid of in time in power generation process in the injection of high light intensity, prevent the decline of conversion efficiency and the reliability of solar cell, extended service life.And the hot water circulating device in solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device and oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy forms cooling water circulation and carries out heat exchange, the heat that solar energy photocell board is produced is delivered in the hot water of oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy, both prevented the decline of conversion efficiency and the reliability of solar cell, increase the service life, take full advantage of again solar energy, improved the efficiency of distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system.
The present invention can be according to the different power supply of user, for the quantity of heat request selection oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly and the quantity of oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly, and daylighting area can be several m 2to tens of m 2,, arrangement can design by the requirement of architecture-integral, and water system is pressure-bearing type.Be applicable to unique user or collective's customer power supply heating field, integrated as the bathroom heat supply of campus and night illumination power supply.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is, by the dispel the heat joint operating of solar photocell TRT and oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy of oscillating flow heat pipe, oscillating flow heat pipe is both for the radiating and cooling of solar panel, also for the heat collector of apparatus for heating water by solar energy, both parallel combinations are realized the expansion of heat collector surface, absorb heat from the high temperature photovoltaic cell module back side simultaneously, so that photovoltaic cell module temperature reduces, ensure photovoltaic cell module stable operation and supplying power for outside, and can make photoelectric transformation efficiency significantly improve.The present invention has realized the requirement of user's cogeneration.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 A is heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe and heat sink close contact structural representation;
Fig. 2 B is the profile at A-A place in Fig. 2 A;
Fig. 3 is tank seal baffle arrangement schematic diagram.
In figure, 101--solar energy photocell board, 102--heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe, 103--heat sink, 104--heat sink heat-insulation layer, 105--cooling water tank, 106--tank seal baffle plate I, 107--cooling water tank heat-insulation layer, 108--circulating valve I, 109--circulating pump I, 110--circulating cooling water out, 111--circulating cooling water inlet, 112--customer power supply system, 113--splicing seams, the perforation of 114--copper pipe, 115--bolt hole, 201--vacuum glas-cover board, 202--thermal-arrest oscillating flow heat pipe, 203--collecting plate, 204--collecting plate heat-insulation layer, 205--hot water, 206--tank seal baffle plate II, 207--hot water heat-insulation layer, 208--cold water inlet, 209--cold water water intaking valve, 210--flowmeter, 211--circulating valve II, 212--circulating pump II, 213--hot-water circulation pipe, 214--circulating water outlet I, 215--circulating water intake I, 216--hot water outlet, 217--hot water effluent valve, 218--circulating water intake II, 219--circulating water outlet II, 220--user's hot-water heating system, 301--sunlight incident direction.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and instantiation, the invention will be further described.
The present embodiment is a small-sized distributed solar energy CCHP energy system.Fig. 1 is distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system embodiment schematic diagram, distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system comprises oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT, oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy, customer power supply system and user's hot-water heating system, hot water circulating device in solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device and oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy that oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT and oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy dispel the heat in solar photocell TRT by oscillating flow heat pipe forms cooling water circulation, oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT passes through customer power supply system to customer power supply, oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy passes through user's hot-water heating system to user's supplying hot water.
Oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT is made up of 3 oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assemblies and solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device, in oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly, the upper plane close contact of the bringing-up section of the back side of solar energy photocell board 101 and heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102, the front close contact of the lower plane of the bringing-up section of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and heat sink 103.Solar energy photocell board 101 is solar concentrating photovoltaic cell panel, and heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 is internal diameter 3mm, external diameter 5mm, and the loop type oscillating flow heat pipe that the copper pipe that elbow number is 14 is made, external dimensions is 1.2 × 0.3m 2, before work, first it being vacuumized, vacuum reaches 10 -2~10 -3after Pa, in pipe, encapsulation low boiling working fluid is distilled water, ethanol, acetone or cold-producing medium R141b, and encapsulation distilled water is as hydraulic fluid in pipe for the present embodiment, and encapsulation measures approximately 50%, and bringing-up section and cooling section Length Ratio are 3:1.The copper plate of waveform that the copper coin that heat sink 103 is thickness 1.5~2.0mm is converted into, the waveform spacing of waveform plate is identical with the capillary spacing of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102, and heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 is welding with heat sink 103 ways of contact.Heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe and heat sink close contact structure are as shown in Figure 2 A and 2 B.Material is that the heat sink heat-insulation layer 104 of polyurethane coating is coated the back side of heat sink 103 and side.The current output terminal of the solar energy photocell board 101 of 3 oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assemblies is parallel-connected to the input of customer power supply system 112.
In solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device, cooling water tank 105 is horizontal cylindricality cavity, capacity is 50L, an elongated slot is arranged at the bottom of water tank sidewall, circulating cooling water out 110 is placed in the top of cooling water tank 105, bottom, circulating cooling water inlet 111 is placed in the bottom of cooling water tank 105, circulating cooling water out 110 is connected with the input of circulating valve I 108, the output of circulating valve I 108 is connected with the circulating water intake II 218 in hot water 205, circulating cooling water inlet 111 is connected with the output of circulating pump I 109, the input of circulating pump I 109 is connected with the circulating water outlet II 219 in hot water 205, material is that the cooling water tank heat-insulation layer 107 of polyurethane coating is coated cooling water tank 105.
3 are swung stream heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly and are arranged into a plane, the cooling section of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 is placed in cooling water tank 105 from the elongated slot of cooling water tank 105 lower sidewall, and by tank seal baffle plate I 106 and gasket seal thereof and cooling water tank 105 is affixed and sealing, the cooling section of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and cooling water tank 105 are upper, swing the solar energy photocell board 101 of stream heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly towards the sunlight incident direction 301 at noon, swing 30 ° of settings of stream heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly inclination.
Oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy is made up of 5 oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest solar energy heating assemblies and hot water circulating device, in oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest solar energy heating assembly, the lower plane of bringing-up section and the front close contact of collecting plate 203 of oscillating flow heat pipe 202 for thermal-arrest, material is that the collecting plate heat-insulation layer 204 of polyurethane coating is coated the back side of collecting plate 203 and side, and vacuum glas-cover board 201 covers in the upper plane of bringing-up section of thermal-arrest oscillating flow heat pipe 202.Thermal-arrest is identical with material, structure and the way of contact of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and heat sink 103 with material, structure and the way of contact of oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and collecting plate 203, after the front close contact of thermal-arrest with oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and collecting plate 203, thermal-arrest is all covered with coating for selective absorption with the surface of oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and collecting plate 203 front exposed parts.
In hot water circulating device, hot water 205 is horizontal cylindricality cavity, an elongated slot is arranged at the bottom of water tank sidewall, cold water inlet 208, circulating water outlet I 214 and circulating water intake II 218 are placed in the top of hot water 205, circulating water intake I 215 and hot water outlet 216 are placed in the bottom of hot water 205, circulating water outlet II 219 is placed in the middle part of hot water 205, circulating water outlet I 214 is connected with the input of circulating valve II 211, the output of circulating valve II 211 is connected with one end of hot-water circulation pipe 213, circulating water intake I 215 is connected with the output of circulating pump II 212, the input of circulating pump II 212 is connected with hot-water circulation pipe 213 the other end, hot water outlet 216 is connected with the input of hot water effluent's valve 217, the output of hot water effluent's valve 217 is connected with the hot water inlet of user's hot-water heating system 220, cold water inlet 208 is connected with flowmeter 210 outputs, the input of flowmeter 210 is connected with the output of cold water water intaking valve 209, cold water water intaking valve 209 inputs are connected with user's running water pipe, hot water heat-insulation layer 207 is by coated hot water 205.
5 oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assemblies are put side by side, thermal-arrest is placed in hot water 205 from the elongated slot of hot water 205 lower sidewall with the cooling section of oscillating flow heat pipe 202, and by tank seal baffle plate II 206 and gasket seal thereof by thermal-arrest affixed and sealing by oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and hot water 205, the structure of tank seal baffle plate II 206 is identical with tank seal baffle plate I 106, the cooling section of thermal-arrest use oscillating flow heat pipe 202 and hot water 205 are upper, the vacuum glas-cover board 201 of oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly is towards the sunlight incident direction 301 at noon, 30 ° of settings of oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly inclination.
Cooling water tank 105 and hot water 205 are stainless steel cylinder chamber body.
As shown in Figure 3, tank seal baffle plate I 106 is greater than the rectangle corrosion resistant plate of the width of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 for length, the width of tank seal baffle plate I 106 is arc, the radius of curvature of arc is identical with the radius of curvature of tank seal baffle plate I 106 outer walls, tank seal baffle plate I 106 is spliced by two identical rectangle corrosion resistant plates, on middle splicing seams 113, there is the copper pipe perforation 114 that 14 internal diameters of a row are 5mm, the spacing of copper pipe perforation 114 is with identical with the capillary spacing of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102, respectively have in copper pipe 114 both sides of boring a hole the bolt hole 115 that 8 internal diameters of a row are 6mm, the capillary of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 is placed in copper pipe perforation 114, by square corrosion resistant plate splicing seams 113 seal weldings of two block lengths of tank seal baffle plate I 106, again by capillary and tank seal baffle plate I 106 seal weldings.Gasket seal is placed between tank seal baffle plate I 106 and cooling water tank 105, makes heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe 102 and cooling water tank 105 affixed with bolt by two row's bolts hole 115.
Vacuum glas-cover board 201 is the vacuum interlayer cover plate of four side seals of double glazing, is airtight glass chamber, and inside is vacuum, exposed measure-alike in cyclic water tank exterior portion of its external dimensions and oscillating flow heat pipe heat collector.
The present invention is applicable to unique user or collective's customer power supply heating field, as the integrated energy resource system of the bathroom heat supply of campus and night illumination power supply.
The above; only for preferably detailed description of the invention of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, is anyly familiar with in technical scope that those skilled in the art disclose in the present invention; the variation that can expect easily or replacement, within all should being encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claim.

Claims (13)

1. a distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system, it is characterized in that, distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system comprises oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT, oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy, customer power supply system and user's hot-water heating system, hot water circulating device in solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device and oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy that oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT and oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy dispel the heat in solar photocell TRT by oscillating flow heat pipe forms cooling water circulation, oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT passes through customer power supply system to customer power supply, oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy passes through user's hot-water heating system to user's supplying hot water,
Described oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar photocell TRT is made up of solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device and 3~5 oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assemblies, in oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly, the upper plane close contact of the bringing-up section of the back side of solar energy photocell board (101) and heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102), the front close contact of the lower plane of the bringing-up section of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102) and heat sink (103), heat sink heat-insulation layer (104) is by coated to the back side of heat sink (103) and side, the current output terminal of the solar energy photocell board (101) of 3~5 oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assemblies is parallel-connected to the input of customer power supply system (112),
In described solar energy photocell board cooling water circulating device, cooling water tank (105) is horizontal cylindricality cavity, an elongated slot is arranged at the bottom of water tank sidewall, circulating cooling water out (110) is placed in the top of cooling water tank (105), circulating cooling water inlet (111) is placed in the bottom of cooling water tank (105), circulating cooling water out (110) is connected with the input of circulating valve I (108), the output of circulating valve I (108) is connected with the circulating water intake II (218) in hot water (205), circulating cooling water inlet (111) is connected with the output of circulating pump I (109), the input of circulating pump I (109) is connected with the circulating water outlet II (219) in hot water (205), cooling water tank heat-insulation layer (107) is coated by cooling water tank (105),
3~5 oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assemblies are arranged into a plane, the cooling section of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102) is placed in cooling water tank (105) from the elongated slot of cooling water tank (105) lower sidewall, and by tank seal baffle plate I (106) and gasket seal thereof and cooling water tank (105) is affixed and sealing, the cooling section of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102) and cooling water tank (105) are upper, the solar energy photocell board (101) of oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly is towards the sunlight incident direction (301) at noon, oscillating flow heat pipe heat radiation solar energy photocell board assembly is obliquely installed,
Described oscillating flow heat pipe thermal-arrest apparatus for heating water by solar energy is made up of hot water circulating device and 3~15 oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assemblies, in described oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly, the front close contact of the lower plane of the bringing-up section of oscillating flow heat pipe for thermal-arrest (202) and collecting plate (203), collecting plate heat-insulation layer (204) is by coated to the back side of collecting plate (203) and side, and vacuum glas-cover board (201) covers in the upper plane of bringing-up section of oscillating flow heat pipe for thermal-arrest (202);
In described hot water circulating device, hot water (205) is horizontal cylindricality cavity, an elongated slot is arranged at the bottom of water tank sidewall, cold water inlet (208), circulating water outlet I (214) and circulating water intake II (218) are placed in the top of hot water (205), circulating water intake I (215) and hot water outlet (216) are placed in the bottom of hot water (205), circulating water outlet II (219) is placed in the middle part of hot water (205), circulating water outlet I (214) is connected with the input of circulating valve II (211), the output of circulating valve II (211) is connected with one end of hot-water circulation pipe (213), circulating water intake I (215) is connected with the output of circulating pump II (212), the input of circulating pump II (212) is connected with hot-water circulation pipe's (213) the other end, hot water outlet (216) is connected with the input of hot water effluent's valve (217), the output of hot water effluent's valve (217) is connected with the hot water inlet of user's hot-water heating system (220), cold water inlet (208) is connected with flowmeter (210) output, the input of flowmeter (210) is connected with the output of cold water water intaking valve (209), cold water water intaking valve (209) input is connected with user's running water pipe, hot water heat-insulation layer (207) is coated by hot water (205),
3~15 oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assemblies are put side by side, the cooling section of oscillating flow heat pipe for thermal-arrest (202) is placed in hot water (205) from the elongated slot of hot water (205) lower sidewall, and by tank seal baffle plate II (206) and gasket seal thereof by affixed to oscillating flow heat pipe for thermal-arrest (202) and hot water (205) and sealing, the structure of tank seal baffle plate II (206) is identical with tank seal baffle plate I (106), the cooling section of oscillating flow heat pipe for thermal-arrest (202) and hot water (205) are upper, the vacuum glas-cover board (201) of oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly is towards the sunlight incident direction (301) at noon, oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly is obliquely installed.
2. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described solar energy photocell board (101) is solar photovoltaic cell panel.
3. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102) and for thermal-arrest oscillating flow heat pipe (202) be single loop type oscillating flow heat pipe, material is copper pipe.
4. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the material of described heat sink (103) is copper coin, aluminium alloy plate, corrosion resistant plate or galvanized steel plain sheet, be shaped as flat board or waveform plate, the waveform spacing of waveform plate is identical with the capillary spacing of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102).
5. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described cooling water tank (105) and hot water (205) are stainless steel cylinder chamber body.
6. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the material of described heat sink heat-insulation layer (104), cooling water tank heat-insulation layer (107), collecting plate heat-insulation layer (204) and hot water heat-insulation layer (207) is polyurethane coating or heat-preservation cotton.
7. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described vacuum glas-cover board (201) is the vacuum interlayer cover plate of four side seals of double glazing.
8. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the material of described collecting plate (203) is copper coin, aluminium alloy plate, corrosion resistant plate or galvanized steel plain sheet, be shaped as flat board or waveform plate, the waveform spacing of waveform plate is identical with the capillary spacing of oscillating flow heat pipe for thermal-arrest (202).
9. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described for thermal-arrest after the front close contact of oscillating flow heat pipe (202) and collecting plate (203), the surface of oscillating flow heat pipe for thermal-arrest (202) and collecting plate (203) front exposed part is all covered with coating for selective absorption.
10. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described tank seal baffle plate I (106) is greater than the rectangle corrosion resistant plate of the width of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102) for length, the width of tank seal baffle plate I (106) is arc, the radius of curvature of arc is identical with the radius of curvature of tank seal baffle plate I (106) outer wall, tank seal baffle plate I (106) is spliced by two identical rectangle corrosion resistant plates, on middle splicing seams (113), there is row's copper pipe perforation (114), the quantity of copper pipe perforation (114), spacing and diameter respectively with the number of capillaries of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102), spacing is identical with external diameter, respectively there is row's bolt hole (115) in copper pipe perforation (114) both sides, the capillary of heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102) is placed in copper pipe perforation (114), by the two square corrosion resistant plate splicing seams of block length (113) seal weldings of tank seal baffle plate I (106), again by described capillary and tank seal baffle plate I (106) seal welding.
11. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource systems according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the mode of the front close contact of the lower plane of the bringing-up section of described heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102) and heat sink (103) and for thermal-arrest the lower plane of the bringing-up section of oscillating flow heat pipe (202) and the front close contact of collecting plate (203) mode for welding or heat-conducting glue bonding.
12. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource systems according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described heat transmission oscillating flow heat pipe (102) and for thermal-arrest the low boiling working fluid of oscillating flow heat pipe (202) inner filling be distilled water, ethanol, acetone or cold-producing medium R141b.
13. distributed solar energy CCHP energy resource systems according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described storing is side by side put side by side for being divided into 2~3 groups, every group of oscillating flow heat pipe solar energy heating assembly has a set of hot water circulating device, and the output parallel connection of respectively overlapping hot water effluent's valve (217) of hot water circulating device is connected with the hot water inlet of user's hot-water heating system (220).
CN201210209121.8A 2012-06-19 2012-06-19 Distributed solar heat and power combination energy system Expired - Fee Related CN102734942B (en)

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CN104976745A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-10-14 李德生 Series connection type energy-saving pipeline system
CN106533323B (en) * 2015-09-15 2018-12-18 中电电气(上海)太阳能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic photothermal integrated generating system
CN106130473A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-16 冯卓林 A kind of distributed smooth power station hot water machine structure
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