CN102733001B - Feather protein fiber and method for preparing same - Google Patents

Feather protein fiber and method for preparing same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102733001B
CN102733001B CN201210239159.XA CN201210239159A CN102733001B CN 102733001 B CN102733001 B CN 102733001B CN 201210239159 A CN201210239159 A CN 201210239159A CN 102733001 B CN102733001 B CN 102733001B
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feather
feather protein
spinning
solution
fiber
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CN201210239159.XA
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CN102733001A (en
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周茂林
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成都起点投资有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a feather protein fiber and a method for preparing the same. The feather protein fiber comprises the following components: 5-40 parts by weight of feather protein and 60-95 parts by weight of chemical fiber. The method for preparing the feather protein fiber comprises the following steps: A, feather protein spinning solution preparing: dissolving feather in an alkaline aqueous solution comprising sodium silicate and potassium silicate with the total mass concentration of 20-35%, and filtering to obtain the feather protein spinning solution, wherein the mass ratio of the sodium silicate to the potassium silicate is 1:(0.5-1); B, blending the feather protein spinning solution and the chemical fiber spinning solution, and spinning; and C, subjecting the feather protein fiber trickle to coagulation-bath treatment, pickling, washing and drying to obtain the feather protein fiber. The method for preparing the feather protein fiber can effectively ensure that the feather protein and the chemical fiber are fully and uniformly blended to achieve the purpose of spinning.

Description

A kind of feather protein fiber and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of azelon and preparation method thereof, be specifically related to a kind ofly utilize wooden plumage azelon of chemical fibre and the blending of feather protein phase and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Feather, eider down are the keratinization products that bird epidermal cell derives, wherein, eider down is a kind of green fiber material with light weight, softness, the good characteristic such as moisture absorption is strong, warmth retention property is good, and in feather except having a small amount of soft eider down composition, all the other are the accessory pinna constituent structure of hard.Existingly be extracted accessory pinna remaining after eider down etc. then often by as offal treatment, or for Fodder making; Although the feed utilizing accessory pinna to make existing solves the problem of its twice laid to a certain extent, and due to normal containing the bacterium etc. entrained by a certain amount of poultry in accessory pinna, the feed causing it to manufacture is difficult to ensure in quality.
Why accessory pinnas etc. are not widely used as eider down, its main cause is just that the protein forming accessory pinna belongs to keratic one, it is a class formation fiber scleroprotein, it not only has a large amount of cysteine residues and a large amount of disulfide bond, and be connected with the Fiber Laminated shape structure be closely connected between its protein, so just make its quality and soft protein as hard compared with duck's down, goose down, pupa albumen etc., its processing procedure is just comparatively complicated, causes it obviously not enough on later use.
In addition, existing be pupa albumen is dissolved in dilute alkaline soln to prepare pupa albumen spinning solution by animal body protein as the method that pupa albumen etc. is prepared into azelon, and then pupa albumen spinning solution and chemical fibre spinning liquid are carried out co-blended spinning and post-treating and other steps.Although diluted alkaline can play good dissolution to pupa albumen in said method, the hard structure albumen such as accessory pinna are just difficult to dissolve, are so just difficult to the object reaching co-blended spinning.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the invention provides a kind of feather protein fiber, it can solve the problem that existing accessory pinna resource can not get compared with good utilisation effectively.
For solving above technical problem, technical scheme of the present invention adopts a kind of feather protein fiber, and described feather protein fiber contains following composition: 5-40 weight portion feather protein and 60-95 weight portion chemical fibre.
Preferably, described feather protein fiber contains following composition: 20-40 weight portion feather protein and 60-80 weight portion chemical fibre.
Preferably, described chemical fibre is viscose.
Preferably, described viscose is lignose viscose glue.
Feather protein fiber described in the present invention has the following advantages compared to existing synthetic fiber:
The raw material that feather protein fiber described in the present invention uses are existingly comparatively be easy to get and measure large feather, although have plenty of the structural fibers shape protein of hard contained by feather, can obtain feather protein fiber of the present invention after being processed.Mesoptile albumen of the present invention is the same with pupa albumen and fibroin, belong to the animal protein source of high-quality, it is applied to jointly preparing fiber product with chemical fibre, fabric prepared by this fiber product as clothes, towel etc. all can reach pupa albumen or fibroin the fine quality that has, such as good permeability, moisture pick-up properties etc.
In addition because mesoptile azelon mesoptile albumen of the present invention is complete protein component unlike fibroin, mesoptile albumen of the present invention just can become feather protein spinning solution after being through certain process, therefore feather protein described in the present invention is not complete native protein, and the disulfide bond in its structure is destroyed forms various small peptide.Add a certain amount of chemical fibre in mesoptile azelon of the present invention in view of the foregoing, this part chemical fibre can play and supports feather protein and form feather protein fiber finished product.Owing to there being the existence of chemical fibre this kind of skeleton in feather protein fiber of the present invention, therefore, fiber product of the present invention is better than fibroin in wrinkle resistance.
Mesoptile azelon of the present invention contains 5-40 weight portion feather protein and 60-95 weight portion chemical fibre; When the weight ratio of feather protein and chemical fibre is less than 5:95, the permeability of gained feather protein fiber product and moisture pick-up properties just poor; When the weight ratio of feather protein and chemical fibre is greater than 40:60, the wrinkle resistance of gained feather protein fiber product is just poor.Further, feather protein fiber of the present invention is preferably containing following composition: 20-40 weight portion feather protein and 60-80 weight portion chemical fibre.
Further, chemical fibre described in feather protein fiber of the present invention is viscose; Chemical fibre can be divided into synthetic fiber and viscose, high molecular polymer prepared by the mode that described synthetic fiber refer generally to Prof. Du Yucang, and viscose refers to the materials such as the sticking cellulose of tool extracted from natural material; In above-mentioned two kinds of materials, viscose has better permeability and absorbing sweat performance compared to synthetic fiber.Preferably adopt above-mentioned embodiment that feather protein fiber of the present invention can be made to have better permeability and absorbing sweat performance in the present invention.
Further, viscose described in feather protein fiber of the present invention is lignose viscose glue; Existing viscose can extract from xylophyta or herbaceous plant, and the present invention preferably adopts viscose to be lignose viscose glue; Lignose viscose glue has better toughness relative to other plant viscose, and therefore, the present invention preferably adopts viscose to be after lignose viscose glue, and feather protein fiber of the present invention can have better wrinkle resistance.
Feather protein fiber described in the present invention is except described feather protein and chemical fibre, and it can also include the compositions such as pupa albumen or vegetable protein.
The present invention also aims to the preparation method that a kind of feather protein fiber is provided, its can effectively make feather protein especially accessory pinna albumen can make feather protein spinning solution, thus co-blended spinning can be carried out with chemical fibre, thus obtain feather protein fiber.
For solving above technical problem, technical scheme of the present invention is the preparation method adopting a kind of feather protein fiber, and the preparation method of described feather protein fiber adopts following step:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: feather is dissolved in include total mass concentration be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20%-35% sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate, obtains feather protein spinning solution after filtration; The mass ratio of described sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate is 1:0.5-1;
B, feather protein spinning solution and spinning blended with chemical fibre spinning liquid: feather protein spinning solution and chemical fibre spinning liquid are undertaken mixing by the mass ratio of 5%-40%:60%-95% and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread;
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain feather protein fiber.
Preferably, also include calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide in the described step A neutral and alkali aqueous solution, the quality of described calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide accounts for the 5%-10% of sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate quality.
Preferably, described step A mesoptile is first is 200kPa-250kPa at pressure, and temperature is carry out Mechanical Crushing and the obtained feather meal of grinding at 150 DEG C-200 DEG C, and then is dissolved in described alkaline aqueous solution by feather meal.
Preferably, contained in described step A mesoptile and alkaline aqueous solution sodium metasilicate and the mass ratio of potassium silicate are 1:0.05-0.2.
Preferably, the temperature of the described step A neutral and alkali aqueous solution is 40 DEG C-60 DEG C.
Preferably, the ratio being 0.05%-0.1% according to volume ratio after described step A mesoptile is dissolved in alkaline aqueous solution adds hydrogen peroxide.
Alkaline aqueous solution described in the present invention can preferably by the hard filamentary structure proteolytic in feather in wherein.Alkaline aqueous solution described in the present invention includes the sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate that mass concentration is 20%-35%, and the mass ratio of described sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate is 1:0.5-1;
The aqueous solution alkalescence that mesosilicic acid sodium of the present invention and potassium silicate are configured to is comparatively strong, and sodium and potassium all belong to alkali metal, and potassium is compared to sodium, and it has stronger alkalescence.The present inventor is through studying discovery fully, if only adopt existing diluted alkaline such as sodium hydrate aqueous solution to process feather, the feather protein that can be dissolved in solution is less, does not reach the object of spinning; If adopt stronger alkaline matter as potassium hydroxide aqueous solution, the connecting key in feather protein structure can be made to be totally disrupted, prepared by feather protein fiber product be out unable to undergo washing, feather protein composition on it just comes off completely, and the feather protein fiber product colour that said method prepares turns to be yellow, obfuscation.In view of the foregoing, the present inventor is through studying discovery fully, and after adopting the aqueous solution of sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate proportioning to process feather, feather protein can be dissolved in this solution preferably, and gained feather protein fiber quality is better.
The total mass concentration of sodium metasilicate contained by alkaline aqueous solution and potassium silicate described in the present invention is 20%-35%; When sodium metasilicate contained by alkaline aqueous solution and potassium silicate total mass concentration lower than 20% time, the amount that feather protein is dissolved in wherein is less; When sodium metasilicate contained by alkaline aqueous solution and potassium silicate total mass concentration higher than 35% time, the meltage of feather protein also can not increase along with the quality of alkaline matter contained in alkaline aqueous solution increases again.
Further, preferably adopt in the described step A neutral and alkali aqueous solution in the present invention and also include calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide, the quality of described calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide accounts for the 5%-10% of sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate quality.After adding calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide composition in alkaline aqueous solution, some impurity component in feather can precipitate by the calcium component in its solution, so just can be removed by the step of subsequent filter; After adding calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide in alkaline solution, prepared feather protein fiber finished product impurity is less, soft better performances.The quality of mesosilicic acid calcium of the present invention or calcium hydroxide accounts for the 5%-10% of sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate quality; When the quality of calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide higher than sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate quality 10% time, the alkalescence of gained alkaline aqueous solution will be too high; When the quality of calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide lower than sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate quality 5% time, the impurity in feather protein just not easily eliminates.
Further, preferably adopting described step A mesoptile first in the present invention is 200kPa-250kPa at pressure, and temperature is carry out Mechanical Crushing and the obtained feather meal of grinding at 150 DEG C-200 DEG C, and then is dissolved in alkaline aqueous solution by feather meal.Preferably adopt above-mentioned embodiment can destroy fibre layered structure in feather protein in advance in the present invention, make it increase with the contact area of alkaline aqueous solution, its solubility in alkaline aqueous solution of further raising.
Further, the present invention preferably adopts the mass ratio of sodium metasilicate contained in described step A mesoptile and alkaline aqueous solution and potassium silicate to be 1:0.05-0.2; When the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is under 1:0.2, adopt the amount of alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate more, more up increase the solubility that also can not increase protein in feather.And when the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is on 1:0.05, the alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium adopted and the amount of potassium silicate less, the solubility of feather in alkaline aqueous solution is just lower, does not have the effect of fully dissolving protein in feather.
Further, the present invention preferably adopts the temperature of the described step A neutral and alkali aqueous solution to be 40 DEG C-60 DEG C; When the temperature of the neutral and alkali of step A described in the present invention aqueous solution is higher than 60 DEG C, prepared feather protein fiber product colour is darker; When the temperature of the neutral and alkali of step A described in the present invention aqueous solution is lower than 40 DEG C, the amount that feather protein is dissolved in alkaline solution is just less.
Further, the ratio being 0.05%-0.1% according to volume ratio after the present invention preferably adopts described step A mesoptile to be dissolved in alkaline aqueous solution adds hydrogen peroxide.Preferably add hydrogen peroxide in the present invention mainly in order to the process of bleaching solution and decolour, but its amount should not add too much or very few.When the volume of hydrogen peroxide higher than feather protein liquor capacity 0.1% time, too much hydrogen peroxide can not get sufficient utilization, causes waste; When the volume of hydrogen peroxide lower than feather protein liquor capacity 0.05% time, the impurity component in feather protein can not be removed more fully.
Further, the present invention preferably adopts viscose spinning solution in described step B to be lignose spinning solution; The toughness that lignose is as more excellent in gossypin, bamboo cellulose etc. have compared to other viscoses, the feather protein viscose therefore utilizing lignose viscose glue to prepare has better wrinkle resistance.
In addition, the present invention preferably adopts auxiliary agent in described step A to be one or more in PEG-200, KF-311 or FO-2; The present invention preferably adopts above-mentioned embodiment that gained feather protein viscose of the present invention can be made to have better quality.PEG is the abbreviation of polyethylene glycol, and PEG-200 belongs to one wherein, the size of 200 its extent of polymerizations of expression; Preferred employing PEG-200 can make prepared feather protein viscose more soft and reduce the electrostatic interaction on its surface; Other KF-311 can increase the viscosity of solution, and FO-2 can reduce fiber surface electrostatic interaction further.
The present invention preferably adopts the ratio of described step A mesoptile protein solution and auxiliary agent to be 1:0.002-0.15; When promoter addition higher than feather protein solution quality 15% time, the amount increase of auxiliary agent effectively can not increase its improvement to the various performance of product, thus produces the phenomenon of auxiliary agent waste; In addition, when promoter addition lower than feather protein solution quality 0.2% time, the amount of institute's adding assistant can not improve the performance of prepared product preferably.Therefore, the addition of auxiliary agent is preferably between the 0.2%-15% of feather protein solution quality.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those skilled in the art understand technical scheme of the present invention better, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Same for a same place of production batch poultry feather is equally divided into some groups according to quality, and the quality often organizing mesoptile is 1kg, and the feather in each group is prepared into out feather protein fiber respectively according to following preparation method.
Reference examples 1:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is placed in the alkaline aqueous solution that 1kg mass concentration is 20%, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 40 DEG C, it contains 0.2kg sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate, the mass ratio of described sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate is 1:0.5, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Above-mentioned gained solution is crossed and filters insoluble impurity and obtain feather protein spinning solution;
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 5%:95% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain feather protein fiber.
Reference examples 2:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 40 DEG C, it contains 0.2kg sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate, the mass ratio of described sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate is 1:0.5, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Above-mentioned gained solution is crossed and filters insoluble impurity and obtain feather protein spinning solution;
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 5%:95% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread;
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain feather protein fiber.
Reference examples 3:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 40 DEG C, it contains 0.2kg sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate, the mass ratio of described sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate is 1:0.5, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Crossed by above-mentioned gained solution and filter insoluble impurity, the ratio being 0.1% according to its volume ratio in gained filtrate adds 1mL hydrogen peroxide and carries out the rear obtained feather protein spinning solution of initiation.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 5%:95% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain feather protein fiber.
Reference examples 4
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 40 DEG C, it contains 0.2kg sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate, the mass ratio of described sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate is 1:0.5, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Crossed by above-mentioned gained solution and filter insoluble impurity, the ratio being 0.1% according to its volume ratio in gained filtrate adds 1mL hydrogen peroxide and carries out the rear obtained feather protein spinning solution of initiation.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 5%:95% after feather protein spinning solution and bamboo cellulose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain feather protein fiber.
Reference examples 5
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 40 DEG C, and it contains 0.2kg sodium metasilicate, potassium silicate and 0.01kg calcium silicates; The mass ratio of described sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate is 1:0.5, and the quality of described calcium silicates accounts for 5% of sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate quality, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Crossed by above-mentioned gained solution and filter insoluble impurity, the ratio being 0.1% according to its volume ratio in gained filtrate adds 1mL hydrogen peroxide and carries out the rear obtained feather protein spinning solution of initiation.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 5%:95% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain feather protein fiber.
Reference examples 6
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 40 DEG C, and it contains 0.2kg sodium metasilicate, potassium silicate and 0.01kg calcium hydroxide; The mass ratio of described sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate is 1:0.5, and the quality of described calcium hydroxide accounts for 5% of sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate quality, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Crossed by above-mentioned gained solution and filter insoluble impurity, the ratio being 0.1% according to its volume ratio in gained filtrate adds 1mL hydrogen peroxide and carries out the rear obtained feather protein spinning solution of initiation.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 5%:95% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain feather protein fiber.
After being weighed by feather protein fiber product obtained by above-mentioned reference examples 1-6, after carrying out indices test after each reference examples fiber product is made textiles, acquired results is as following table one.
Table one
Embodiment 1:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 200kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 0.6kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 35% at 150 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 60 DEG C, it contains 0.2kg sodium metasilicate, potassium silicate and 0.01kg calcium silicates, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Crossed by above-mentioned alkaline aqueous solution and filter insoluble impurity, the ratio being 0.05% according to its volume ratio in gained filtrate adds 0.3mL hydrogen peroxide and obtains feather protein spinning solution.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 40%:60% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 7.4kg feather protein fiber.
Embodiment 2:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 220kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 0.44kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 25% at 160 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 45 DEG C, it contains 0.1kg sodium metasilicate, potassium silicate and 0.01kg calcium hydroxide, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.1; Crossed by above-mentioned alkaline aqueous solution and filter insoluble impurity, be 0.06% add obtained feather protein spinning solution after 0.26mL hydrogen peroxide according to its volume ratio in gained filtrate.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 15%:85% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 6.4kg feather protein fiber.
Embodiment 3:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 230kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 0.55kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 30% at 170 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 50 DEG C, it contains 0.15kg sodium metasilicate, potassium silicate and 0.015kg calcium silicates, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.15; Crossed by above-mentioned alkaline aqueous solution and filter insoluble impurity, be 0.08% add obtained feather protein spinning solution after 0.44mL hydrogen peroxide according to its volume ratio in gained filtrate.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 20%:80% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 6.9kg feather protein fiber.
Embodiment 4:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 240kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 180 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 55 DEG C, it contains 0.1kg sodium metasilicate and 0.1kg potassium silicate, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Crossed by above-mentioned alkaline aqueous solution and filter insoluble impurity, be 0.1% add obtained feather protein spinning solution after 1mL hydrogen peroxide according to its volume ratio in gained filtrate;
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 25%:75% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread;
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 6.5kg feather protein fiber.
Embodiment 5:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 60 DEG C, it contains 1.33kg sodium metasilicate and 0.66kg potassium silicate, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Crossed by above-mentioned gained solution and filter insoluble impurity, be 0.1% add obtained feather protein spinning solution after 1mL hydrogen peroxide according to its volume ratio in gained filtrate;
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 30%:70% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 7.2kg feather protein fiber.
Embodiment 6:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 60 DEG C, it contains 0.1kg sodium metasilicate and 0.1kg potassium silicate, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Above-mentioned gained solution is crossed and filters insoluble impurity, in gained filtrate according to its volume ratio be 0.1% add 1mL hydrogen peroxide after, add KF-311 in the ratio of gained feather protein solution and auxiliary agent 1:0.1, thus obtained feather protein spinning solution.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 35%:65% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 7.5kg feather protein fiber.
Embodiment 7:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 60 DEG C, it contains 0.1kg sodium metasilicate and 0.1kg potassium silicate, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Above-mentioned gained solution is crossed and filters insoluble impurity, in gained filtrate according to its volume ratio be 0.1% add 1mL hydrogen peroxide after, add KF-311 in the ratio of gained feather protein solution and auxiliary agent 1:0.15, thus obtained feather protein spinning solution.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 40%:60% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 7.6kg feather protein fiber.
Embodiment 8:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 60 DEG C, it contains 0.1kg sodium metasilicate and 0.1 potassium silicate, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Above-mentioned gained solution is crossed and filters insoluble impurity, in gained filtrate according to its volume ratio be 0.1% add 1mL hydrogen peroxide after, add FO-2 in the ratio of gained feather protein solution and auxiliary agent 1:0.002, thus obtained feather protein spinning solution.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 40%:60% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 7.1kg feather protein fiber.
Embodiment 9:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 60 DEG C, it contains 0.1kg sodium metasilicate and 0.1kg potassium silicate, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Above-mentioned gained solution is crossed and filters insoluble impurity, in gained filtrate according to its volume ratio be 0.1% add 1mL hydrogen peroxide after, add FO-2 in the ratio of gained feather protein solution and auxiliary agent 1:0.05, thus obtained feather protein spinning solution.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 40%:60% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 7.2kg feather protein fiber.
Embodiment 10:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: 1kg feather is 250kPa at pressure, temperature is through Mechanical Crushing with to be placed on 1kg mass concentration again after grinding to form feather meal be in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20% at 200 DEG C, described alkaline aqueous solution temperature is 60 DEG C, it contains 0.1kg sodium metasilicate and 0.1kg potassium silicate, and the mass ratio of feather and alkaline aqueous solution mesosilicic acid sodium and potassium silicate is 1:0.2; Above-mentioned gained solution is crossed and filters insoluble impurity, in gained filtrate according to its volume ratio be 0.1% add 1mL hydrogen peroxide after, add FO-2 in the ratio of gained feather protein solution and auxiliary agent 1:0.005, thus obtained feather protein spinning solution.
Blended and the spinning of B, feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution: the ratio in mass ratio for 40%:60% after feather protein spinning solution and lignose viscose spinning solution respectively deaeration is carried out blended and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread.
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain 7.4kg feather protein fiber.
Below be only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that above-mentioned preferred embodiment should not be considered as limitation of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with claim limited range.For those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a preparation method for feather protein fiber, the preparation method of described feather protein fiber adopts following step:
The preparation of A, feather protein spinning solution: be first 200kPa-250kPa at pressure by feather, temperature is carry out Mechanical Crushing and the obtained feather meal of grinding at 150 DEG C-200 DEG C, and then to be dissolved in by feather meal containing total mass concentration be obtain feather protein spinning solution after filtration in the alkaline aqueous solution of 20%-35% sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate; The mass ratio of described sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate is 1:0.5-1; The temperature of alkaline aqueous solution is 40 DEG C-60 DEG C;
B, feather protein spinning solution and spinning blended with chemical fibre spinning liquid: feather protein spinning solution and chemical fibre spinning liquid are undertaken mixing by the mass ratio of 5%-40%:60%-95% and spinning obtains feather protein fiber thread;
C, feather protein fiber thread is successively carried out coagulating bath process, pickling, washing, dry to obtain feather protein fiber.
2. feather casein fiber preparation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also include calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide in the described step A neutral and alkali aqueous solution, the quality of described calcium silicates or calcium hydroxide accounts for the 5%-10% of sodium metasilicate and potassium silicate quality.
3. feather casein fiber preparation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: sodium metasilicate contained in described step A mesoptile and alkaline aqueous solution and the mass ratio of potassium silicate are 1:0.05-0.2.
4. feather casein fiber preparation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the ratio being 0.05%-0.1% according to volume ratio after described step A mesoptile is dissolved in alkaline aqueous solution adds hydrogen peroxide.
CN201210239159.XA 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Feather protein fiber and method for preparing same CN102733001B (en)

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