CN102730403B - Manufacturing line conveying adapting system and forwarding method thereof - Google Patents

Manufacturing line conveying adapting system and forwarding method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102730403B
CN102730403B CN201210238550.8A CN201210238550A CN102730403B CN 102730403 B CN102730403 B CN 102730403B CN 201210238550 A CN201210238550 A CN 201210238550A CN 102730403 B CN102730403 B CN 102730403B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
switching
platform
spelling
dolly
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Application number
CN201210238550.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102730403A (en
Inventor
潘敏
潘启斯
叶小川
谢宁
龚晶晶
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上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201210238550.8A priority Critical patent/CN102730403B/en
Publication of CN102730403A publication Critical patent/CN102730403A/en
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Publication of CN102730403B publication Critical patent/CN102730403B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of manufacturing line conveying adapting system, comprise lower body and finally spell platform, always spell a spelling platform, switching travel line, switching spelling platform and lifting bracket; Described switching travel line comprises the first switching dolly, the first delivery track, the second switching dolly and the second delivery track, described first switching dolly is finally spelled platform and described switching by described first delivery track at described lower body and is spelled between platform and back and forth transport, described second switching dolly is back and forth transported between described switching spelling platform and No. one, described total spelling spelling platform by described second delivery track, and described lifting bracket is arranged at described switching and spells on platform.Manufacturing line conveying adapting system provided by the invention can realize vehicle body from lower body line to total switching of spelling line, and degree of automation is high, improves the degree of utilization of travel line equipment, the place that takes up room is few, manufacturing line increment operational space availability is high, and at the bottom of switching transmission failure rate, maintenance and repair is easy.

Description

Manufacturing line conveying adapting system and forwarding method thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to Auto-body manufacturing technical field, particularly relate to a kind of manufacturing line conveying adapting system and forwarding method thereof.

Background technology

Car production main line is made up of lower body line and total line two parts of spelling, and more conventional arrangement puts point-blank by lower body line and total line of spelling, and conveying is separately carried out.Therefore, bodywork parts needs switching from lower body line to total line of spelling.

Current manufacturing line conveying forwarding method has automatic carriage to carry forwarding method and artificial suspender conveying forwarding method in the air.Automatic carriage carries forwarding method can aloft store multiple stage vehicle body in the air, and it is less demanding to the rate uniformity of lower body line and the production of total spelling line, but it is many that the method existence takies sheaf space, manufacturing line increment operational space degree of utilization is low, cost of equipment is high, the shortcomings such as fault rate is high, and maintenance cost is high.Artificial suspender conveying forwarding method does not need too many equipment cost, but it is low to there is degree of automation, the shortcoming that human cost is high.

Therefore, current manufacturing line conveying forwarding method is difficult to meet modern Production requirement.

Summary of the invention

For solving problems of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of manufacturing line conveying adapting system and forwarding method thereof, vehicle body can be realized from lower body line to total switching of spelling line, degree of automation is high, improve the degree of utilization of travel line equipment, the place that takes up room is few, and manufacturing line increment operational space availability is high, at the bottom of switching transmission failure rate, maintenance and repair is easy.

An aspect, the invention provides a kind of manufacturing line conveying adapting system, comprises lower body and finally spells platform, always spells a spelling platform, switching travel line, switching spelling platform and lifting bracket, described switching travel line comprises the first switching travel line and the second switching travel line, described first switching travel line comprises the first switching dolly and the first delivery track, described second switching travel line comprises the second switching dolly and the second delivery track, described first switching dolly is finally spelled platform and described switching by described first delivery track at described lower body and is spelled between platform and back and forth transport, described second switching dolly is back and forth transported between described switching spelling platform and No. one, described total spelling spelling platform by described second delivery track, described lifting bracket is arranged at described switching and spells on platform.

Adopt technique scheme, first switching dolly can cross with the travel line of lower body line and connect car, second switching dolly can cross with the travel line of always spelling line and connect car, then bodywork parts can be realized from lower body line to total switching of spelling line in transfer station by a lifting bracket, degree of automation is high, improve the degree of utilization of travel line equipment, the place that takes up room is few, manufacturing line increment operational space availability is high, at the bottom of switching transmission failure rate, maintenance and repair is easy, and the rate uniformity produced lower body line and total spelling line is less demanding.

As a further improvement on the present invention, described lifting bracket comprises bracket base, scissors fork strut, bracket table top, drop to bit buffering mechanism, decline the stop gear that puts in place, lifting cylinder and vehicle body gripping clamping apparatus, described lifting bracket is arranged at described switching by described bracket base and spells on platform, described bracket table top is by described scissors fork strut, drop to bit buffering mechanism and the decline stop gear that puts in place to be connected with described bracket base, described bracket table top and described bracket base place plane parallel, described lifting cylinder is arranged at immediately below described bracket table top, described vehicle body gripping clamping apparatus is arranged on described bracket table top.Described lifting bracket realizes elevating function by described lifting cylinder, and described scissors fork strut is conducive to realizing pulsation-free lifting, and hoisting position, by the Stroke Control of described lifting cylinder, does not have mechanical position limitation; Lowering position controls by the described decline stop gear that puts in place, also can by threaded adjusting correction lowering position, described in drop to bit buffering mechanism and be conducive to reducing mechanical collision application force and noise.

As a further improvement on the present invention, described first delivery track comprises the first rail bed and the first guide bearing apparatus, and described first guide bearing apparatus uniform intervals is arranged at the both sides of described first rail bed.First rail bed is made up of multistage section bar, does not directly connect between each section bar, leaves a small amount of spacing.

As a further improvement on the present invention, described lower body finally spell the table top of platform and the described table top of spelling platform of transferring in the same plane, described first rail bed is connected in described lower body by locating dowel pin and finally spells the table top of platform and described switching is spelled on the table top of platform.

As a further improvement on the present invention, described second delivery track comprises the second rail bed and the second guide bearing apparatus, and described second guide bearing apparatus uniform intervals is arranged at the both sides of described second rail bed.Second rail bed is made up of multistage section bar, does not directly connect between each section bar, leaves a small amount of spacing.

As a further improvement on the present invention, the table top that platform is spelled in No. one, described total spelling is in the same plane with the described table top of spelling platform of transfer, and described second rail bed is connected on the table top of described spelling platform of transferring and the table top of No. one, described total spelling spelling platform by locating dowel pin.Connected by locating dowel pin, be conducive to the straightness accuracy of guarantee first rail bed and the second rail bed.

On the other hand, the present invention also provides a kind of manufacturing line to carry forwarding method, comprises the steps:

A) described first switching dolly is in lower body and finally spells platform station, and bodywork parts is transported on described first switching dolly;

B) bodywork parts is transported to switching by described first delivery track and spells platform station by described first switching dolly;

C) described lifting bracket rises, and is lifted by bodywork parts, and described first switching dolly is retracted into lower body and finally spells platform station;

D) described second switching moving of car spells platform station to switching, and described lifting bracket declines, and bodywork parts is transferred on described second switching dolly;

E) bodywork parts is transported to total No. one, spelling by described second delivery track and spells platform station by described second switching dolly.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: manufacturing line conveying adapting system provided by the invention can realize vehicle body from lower body line to total switching of spelling line, degree of automation is high, improve the degree of utilization of travel line equipment, the place that takes up room is few, and manufacturing line increment operational space availability is high, at the bottom of switching transmission failure rate, maintenance and repair is easy, and the rate uniformity produced lower body line and total spelling line is less demanding; Manufacturing line conveying forwarding method provided by the invention is simple to operate, quick, can meet modern Production requirement.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the block diagram of manufacturing line of the present invention conveying adapting system.

Fig. 2 is the front view of manufacturing line of the present invention conveying adapting system.

Fig. 3 is the birds-eye view of manufacturing line of the present invention conveying adapting system.

Fig. 4 is the lateral plan of manufacturing line of the present invention conveying adapting system.

Fig. 5 is the block diagram of switching travel line of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is the front view of switching travel line of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is the birds-eye view of switching travel line of the present invention.

Fig. 8 is the lateral plan of switching travel line of the present invention.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the first switching travel line of the present invention.

Figure 10 is the block diagram of lifting bracket of the present invention.

Figure 11 is the front view of lifting bracket of the present invention.

Figure 12 is the birds-eye view of lifting bracket of the present invention.

Figure 13 is the lateral plan of lifting bracket of the present invention.

Reference numeral is: lower body finally spells platform 1, platform 2 is spelled in switching, platform 3 is spelled in No. one, total spelling, switching travel line 4, first switching travel line 41, first switching dolly 411, first removable guide 4111, first tooth bar 4112, first switching dolly puts in place inhibiting device movable part 4113, first switching dolly puts in place inhibiting device fixed part 4114, first motor gear driving device 4115, first vehicle body positioning fixture 4116, first delivery track 412, first rail bed 4121, first guide bearing apparatus 4122, second switching travel line 42, second switching dolly 421, second delivery track 422, lifting bracket 5, bracket base 51, scissors fork strut 52, bracket table top 53, drop to bit buffering mechanism 54, decline the stop gear 55 that puts in place, lifting cylinder 56, vehicle body gripping clamping apparatus 57.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail.

embodiment one manufacturing line conveying adapting system.

As shown in Figures 1 to 4, manufacturing line conveying adapting system provided by the invention comprises: lower body is finally spelled platform 1, always spelled a spelling platform 3, switching travel line 4, switching spelling platform 2 and lifting bracket 5.

As shown in Fig. 5 to Fig. 8, switching travel line 4 comprises the first switching travel line 41 and the second switching travel line 42, first switching travel line 41 comprises the first switching dolly 411 and the first delivery track 412, second switching travel line 42 comprises the second switching dolly 421 and the first delivery track 422, first switching dolly 411 is finally spelled platform 1 and switching by the first delivery track 412 at lower body and is spelled between platform 2 and back and forth transport, second switching dolly 421 is spelled platform 2 by the second delivery track 422 in switching and total spelled No. one and spell between platform 3 and back and forth transport, lifting bracket 5 is arranged at switching and spells on platform 2.

As shown in Figure 9, the first delivery track 412 comprises the first rail bed 4121, first guide bearing apparatus 4212 to the structural representation of the first switching travel line 41; First switching dolly 411 comprises the first removable guide 4111, first tooth bar 4112, first switching dolly inhibiting device movable part 4113, first dolly of transferring that puts in place and to put in place inhibiting device fixed part 4114, first motor gear driving device 4115 and the first vehicle body positioning fixture 4116.First guide bearing apparatus 4212 uniform intervals is arranged at the both sides of the first rail bed 4121, can limit beating or shifted laterally of the first removable guide 4111, ensure that the first removable guide 4111 moves at sustained height plane and straight line.First vehicle body positioning fixture 4116 and the first switching dolly inhibiting device movable part 4113 that puts in place is arranged on the top of the first removable guide 4111, first tooth bar 4112 is arranged on the below of the first removable guide 4111, first motor gear driving device 4115 drives the first tooth bar 4112 to move, first removable guide 4111 moves together along with the first tooth bar 4112, the first switching dolly inhibiting device fixed part 4114 that puts in place is arranged on switching and spells on the table top of platform 2, and the first switching dolly 411 puts in place stop motion.

The structure of the second switching dolly 421 is identical with the structure of the first switching dolly 411, and only control position is different, does not repeat them here.Second delivery track 422 comprises the second rail bed (sign) and the second guide bearing apparatus (sign).

As shown in Figure 10 to Figure 13, lifting bracket 5 comprises bracket base 51, scissors pitches strut 52, bracket table top 53, drop to bit buffering mechanism 54, decline stop gear 55, lifting cylinder 56 and the vehicle body gripping clamping apparatus 57 of putting in place.Lifting bracket 5 is arranged at switching by bracket base 51 and spells on platform 2, bracket table top 53 by scissors fork strut 52, drop to bit buffering mechanism 54 and the decline stop gear 55 that puts in place and be connected with bracket base 51, bracket table top 53 and bracket base 51 place plane parallel, lifting cylinder 56 is arranged at immediately below bracket table top 53, and vehicle body gripping clamping apparatus 57 is arranged on bracket table top 53.Lifting bracket 5 realizes elevating function by lifting cylinder 56, and scissors fork strut 52 is conducive to realizing pulsation-free lifting, and hoisting position, by the Stroke Control of lifting cylinder 56, does not have mechanical position limitation; Lowering position controls by the stop gear 55 that puts in place of declining, and also by threaded adjusting correction lowering position, can drop to bit buffering mechanism 54 and be conducive to reducing mechanical collision application force and noise.

Principle of work of the present invention is: the first switching dolly 411, by the first motor gear driving device 4115, finally spells crank motion between platform 1 and switching spelling platform 2 at lower body; Second switching dolly 43 is driven by motor, rack pinion, spells platform 2 and always spells No. one spell crank motion between platform 3 in switching; First, the first switching dolly 411 is in lower body and finally spells platform 1 station, and bodywork parts is transported on the first switching dolly 411, and bodywork parts is transported to switching by the first delivery track 412 and spells platform 2 station by the first switching dolly 411; Then, the lifting bracket 5 that switching is spelled on platform 2 rises, and is lifted by bodywork parts, and the first switching dolly 411 is retracted into lower body and finally spells platform 1 station; Finally, the second switching dolly 421 moves to switching and spells platform 2 station, and lifting bracket 5 declines, and bodywork parts is transferred on the second switching dolly 421, and bodywork parts to be transported to by the second delivery track 422 and always to spell No. one and spell platform 3 station by the second switching dolly 421.

Above content is in conjunction with concrete preferred implementation further description made for the present invention, can not assert that specific embodiment of the invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, all should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a manufacturing line conveying adapting system, is characterized in that: comprise lower body and finally spell platform, always spell a spelling platform, switching travel line, switching spelling platform and lifting bracket, described switching travel line comprises the first switching travel line and the second switching travel line, described first switching travel line comprises the first switching dolly and the first delivery track, described second switching travel line comprises the second switching dolly and the second delivery track, described first switching dolly is finally spelled platform and described switching by described first delivery track at described lower body and is spelled between platform and back and forth transport, described second switching dolly is back and forth transported between described switching spelling platform and No. one, described total spelling spelling platform by described second delivery track, described lifting bracket is arranged at described switching and spells on platform, described lifting bracket comprises bracket base, scissors fork strut, bracket table top, drop to bit buffering mechanism, decline the stop gear that puts in place, lifting cylinder and vehicle body gripping clamping apparatus, described lifting bracket is arranged at described switching by described bracket base and spells on platform, described bracket table top is by described scissors fork strut, drop to bit buffering mechanism and the decline stop gear that puts in place to be connected with described bracket base, described bracket table top and described bracket base place plane parallel, described lifting cylinder is arranged at immediately below described bracket table top, described vehicle body gripping clamping apparatus is arranged on described bracket table top.
2. manufacturing line conveying adapting system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described first delivery track comprises the first rail bed and the first guide bearing apparatus, described first guide bearing apparatus uniform intervals is arranged at the both sides of described first rail bed.
3. manufacturing line conveying adapting system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described lower body finally spell the table top of platform and the described table top of spelling platform of transferring in the same plane, described first rail bed is connected in described lower body by locating dowel pin and finally spells the table top of platform and described switching is spelled on the table top of platform.
4. manufacturing line conveying adapting system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described second delivery track comprises the second rail bed and the second guide bearing apparatus, described second guide bearing apparatus uniform intervals is arranged at the both sides of described second rail bed.
5. manufacturing line conveying adapting system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described No. one, total spelling table top of spelling platform is in the same plane with the described table top of spelling platform of transfer, and described second rail bed is connected on the table top of described spelling platform of transferring and the table top of No. one, described total spelling spelling platform by locating dowel pin.
6. adopt a forwarding method for the manufacturing line conveying adapting system according to any one of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
A) described first switching dolly is in lower body and finally spells platform station, and bodywork parts is transported on described first switching dolly;
B) bodywork parts is transported to switching by described first delivery track and spells platform station by described first switching dolly;
C) described lifting bracket rises, and is lifted by bodywork parts, and described first switching dolly is retracted into lower body and finally spells platform station;
D) described second switching moving of car spells platform station to switching, and described lifting bracket declines, and bodywork parts is transferred on described second switching dolly;
Bodywork parts is transported to total No. one, spelling by described second delivery track and spells platform station by described second switching dolly.
CN201210238550.8A 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Manufacturing line conveying adapting system and forwarding method thereof CN102730403B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210238550.8A CN102730403B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Manufacturing line conveying adapting system and forwarding method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210238550.8A CN102730403B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Manufacturing line conveying adapting system and forwarding method thereof

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CN102730403B true CN102730403B (en) 2016-02-03

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CN103831657A (en) * 2012-11-21 2014-06-04 上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司 Lower vehicle body assembly transferring station
CN103143865B (en) * 2013-03-30 2015-05-27 长城汽车股份有限公司 Flexible switching system for vehicle welding production line
CN103538894B (en) * 2013-10-25 2015-08-05 山东开泰工业科技有限公司 A kind of 360 impeller head manufacturing lines
CN105314336B (en) * 2014-07-01 2017-12-15 上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司 A kind of bracket type top cover conveying and centering body
WO2016155158A1 (en) * 2015-04-01 2016-10-06 广州明珞汽车装备有限公司 Flexible floor slide-type general assembly system
CN105438730A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-03-30 徐州重型机械有限公司 Splice welding device for vehicle frame used for engineering machinery and splice welding method for vehicle frame
CN105904127B (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-12-05 广州瑞松北斗汽车装备有限公司 A kind of vehicle body is flexible to carry production line
CN106826069B (en) * 2017-03-21 2019-05-03 广汽本田汽车有限公司 Auto parts fabrication platform and its auto parts preset and welding platform
CN107052637A (en) * 2017-05-20 2017-08-18 上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司 A kind of ground transporter
CN107899828A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-04-13 苏州工业园区服务外包职业学院 A kind of box body spray-painting production line
CN108500513A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-09-07 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Framework process equipment and line production system with it

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