CN102726283B - artificial attaching method of algae spores of natural rock and artificial structure in water - Google Patents

artificial attaching method of algae spores of natural rock and artificial structure in water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102726283B
CN102726283B CN201210072087.4A CN201210072087A CN102726283B CN 102726283 B CN102726283 B CN 102726283B CN 201210072087 A CN201210072087 A CN 201210072087A CN 102726283 B CN102726283 B CN 102726283B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
net
diffusion
algae
natural rock
spore
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201210072087.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102726283A (en
Inventor
崔泰凤
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崔泰凤
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Priority to KR1020110032089A priority Critical patent/KR101050296B1/en
Priority to KR10-2011-0032089 priority
Application filed by 崔泰凤 filed Critical 崔泰凤
Publication of CN102726283A publication Critical patent/CN102726283A/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G33/00Cultivation of seaweed or algae
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • A01K61/78Arrangements for sinking or mooring thereof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

An artificial attaching method of algae spores on an artificial structure and an underwater natural rock is provided to induce the stable growth of algae. An artificial attaching method of algae spores on an artificial structure and an underwater natural rock comprises the following steps: removing surface attachment matters from the surface of the artificial structure(B) and the underwater natural rock(A); installing a diffusion barrier net(110) on the artificial structure and the underwater natural rock; injecting a spore solution through an inlet(111) formed on one side of the diffusion barrier net; and sealing the inlet for 1hour, and collecting the diffusion barrier net.

Description

The algae spore of natural rock and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant in water
Technical field
The present invention relates in a kind of water the algae spore of natural rock and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant, more specifically, relate in water the algae spore of natural rock and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant, in order to build submarine forest, the spore liquid of utilizing the female algae of algae to extract is artificially prevented to net and spore liquid input device manually grow nonparasitically upon another plant at the rock in object marine site and manual construction thing etc. by diffusion, thereby algae spore is diffused in water widely, compare with the not too significant existing mode of effect, can concentrate epiphytic algae in position and the depth of water that need to build submarine forest, and can obtain at short notice effect, and can increase the matrix adhesive rate of algae spore.
Background technology
Recently, Korea S bank causes thermic anomaly, water temperature rising, environmental pollution, is hindered algae dredging and from land, flowed into pollutant etc. perch and disappear in original littoral edible seaweed, sea-tangle, Gan Tai, sargassum etc. indigenous algae by manual construction thing because of global warming and EI Nino phenomenon, and breeding is a lot of as the what is called of the hard red algae that formed by calcium carbonates such as cement without arthrolith ash algae, and there is the albinism of these red algae overlying rocks.
This albinism sharply diffuses to the East Sea of Korea S and whole littoral seas of south coast, the shrimp, abalone, the conch that rely on thus the submarine forests such as edible seaweed, sea-tangle to perch are endless without shadow, the fish that assemble for oogenesis also move on to other habitat, this causes greatest loss to fishery, and the ecosystem of the oceans such as variation of marine food chain structure is also brought to very large impact.
With this, as mentioned above, as the method in order to repair submarine forest in the waters that albinism occurs, main use at cement submarine forest grass processed or artificial fish shelter fixed the rope of transplanting seedling in the past, then the lower method that makes algae grow up to seabed of throwing.
; in the past in order to repair submarine forest; manually in locality cultivate a large amount of object algae and after guaranteeing algae seedling; utilize rope and net periphtic algae spore to cultivate; then utilize vehicle or boats and ships to be transported to corresponding bank and be fixed on artificial fish shelter afterwards and throw to seabed or diver's directly transplanting structure or natural rock in water, thereby build submarine forest.
So, through the algae Second Year of transplanting, grow into female algae, from female algae, emit spore and the spore growth of growing nonparasitically upon another plant, and at a corresponding littoral band, to cause algae forest be submarine forest.
But, described existing method, production due to algae seedling, intermediate rearing place and the environment difference of finally transplanting place, the survival rate of transplanting algae sharply reduces, simultaneously, transplanting the carrying of algae and migration process, (crane connects fortune, car fortune, crane shipment, marine carrying, rope is pasted, lower throwing, position adjustment etc.) in, described transplanting algae can expose about 12-24 hour in air, and responsive especially to the variation of temperature and humidity owing to transplanting algae, therefore, its survival rate significantly reduces, and, while loading and unloading in algae handling process, a lot of algae individualities are run off, thus not only submarine forest cause effect step-down, and, the artificial fish shelter using in order to build submarine forest, cultivation rope, after the materials'uses such as net, be known as discarded object and cause polluting in water.
; the survival rate that existing method is not only transplanted algae is very low; and, because of the diffusion of algae be lost to other areas (need to build the position of submarine forest and the area beyond the depth of water) or depart from grow nonparasitically upon another plant after to extinction, be therefore difficult to stably build submarine forest; and; by various engineerings, just can finish the work, and its operation is very complicated; cause thus expense to rise, to building submarine forest, bring financial burden.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes for solving described existing issue point, its object is, the algae spore of natural rock and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant is provided in a kind of water, the present invention has omitted existing algae migration process, build directly the grow nonparasitically upon another plant spore of object algae of the position of submarine forest or the manual construction thing of the depth of water or natural rock, induce thus the stable growth of algae, owing to having omitted the migration process of algae, therefore not only can cost saving, and can build at short notice submarine forest.
In order to reach described object, according to the algae spore of natural rock in water of the present invention and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant, it is characterized in that, comprising: the step of cleaning rock of removing the surface attachments of nature rock or manual construction thing; At the natural rock through described cleaning rock step or manual construction thing, form the step that diffusion prevents net; By being formed on described diffusion, prevent that the input port of a side of net from dropping into the step of spore liquid; After sealing described input port, after about 1 hour, reclaim the step that described diffusion prevents net.
Described diffusion prevents that net consists of the plastic material with the character of seawater impermeability and flexibility.
The surrounding that prevents net in described diffusion forms a plurality of combined holes with predetermined space, the ground fixed part forming in conjunction with the metal material by predetermined weight at described combined hole.
The inner side that prevents net in described diffusion forms a plurality of projections with predetermined space, and the surface of natural rock or manual construction thing and described diffusion prevent that net from keeping separating the state of predetermined space thus.
Described diffusion prevents the input port of net, prevents that the top of net from forming one in described diffusion, and prevents that in described diffusion the pars intermedia of net from forming 2-3, and the end in input port is formed for sealing the seal cover of described input port.
The method of described input spore liquid is constituted as the input pipe extending from ship to be connected to spread and prevents from the input port of net or spore liquid is contained in to carry-case directly putting in water.
So, the present invention has omitted existing algae migration process, in the manual construction thing in object area or the natural rock object algae that directly grows nonparasitically upon another plant, induce thus the stable growth of algae, owing to having omitted the migration process of algae, therefore not only can cost saving, and can build at short notice submarine forest.
; algae of the present invention is not to have adapted at other regional algae adults; but start to adapt to and grow up in local algae from spore state; therefore not only can cause stable submarine forest, and, by omission, buy algae seedling, carrying and migration process; not only can cost saving; and, epiphytic algae algae is germinateed at short notice, thus the submarine forest of wide scope can be caused with cheap expense.
And, the present invention can be according to environment in water manually grow nonparasitically upon another plant brown algae, the agar of Enteromorpha, green algae, Gan Tai, sargassum, great famine, black algae, edible seaweed, sea-tangle, Dong chicken, the various algae such as red algae of fragrant plant mentioned in ancient texts, and, described various algae optionally manually can be grown nonparasitically upon another plant at natural rock or the manual construction thing in identical area, so the present invention is very useful.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 illustrates to implement manually the grow nonparasitically upon another plant reference diagram of method of the algae spore of natural rock and manual construction thing in water of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the reference diagram that the algae spore epiphytism of Fig. 1 is shown.
In figure:
110: diffusion prevents net, 111: input port, 111a: seal cover, 112: combined hole, 113: projection, 114: drop into pipe, 114a: housing, 114b: pump, 120: ground fixed part, 121: coupling collar, 122: fixture, A: natural rock, B: manual construction thing, on C ship
Embodiment
It is as follows by preferred embodiment, more describing in detail as reaching the present invention of described object and effect.
According to the algae spore of natural rock in water of the present invention and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant, comprise: the step of cleaning rock of removing the surface attachments of nature rock A or manual construction thing B; At the natural rock A through described cleaning rock step or manual construction thing B, the step that diffusion prevents net 110 is set; By being formed on described diffusion, prevent that the input port 111 of a side of net 110 from dropping into the step of spore liquid; After sealing described input port 111, after about 1 hour, reclaim the step that described diffusion prevents net 110.
The step of cleaning rock of removing the surface attachments of described natural rock A or manual construction thing B is to remove surface attachments in order to make algae spore be attached to more well described natural rock A or manual construction thing B, especially removes the carrying out without arthrolith ash algae of main cause that causes albinism.
Herein, described without arthrolith ash algae by being removed by spraying water with high pressure of high-pressure injection device, now, if do not regain removal without arthrolith ash algae, cross after two months and can again cover nature rock A or manual construction thing B without arthrolith ash algae, even if therefore preferably reclaim.
Through cleaning the natural rock A of rock or manual construction thing B, step that diffusion prevents net 110 is set is that the diffusion that suppresses seawater while dropping into spore liquid in the input port 111 that prevents net 110 by described diffusion stably grows nonparasitically upon another plant spore to carry out in natural rock A or manual construction thing B.
In order to drop into described spore liquid, should first carry out and utilize extract the process of spore or manufacture spore liquid such as the female bath of algae.
Herein, described diffusion prevents that the form of net 110 from can be the various shapes such as circle or quadrangle according to the natural rock A in correspondence area or the morphosis of manual construction thing B that will form submarine forest.Its size is generally 2-10m 2scope, preferably according to the condition in corresponding area is applicable, can effectively carry out the size of work.
And then described diffusion prevents that the material of net 110 from preferably being used by having the plastic material of seawater impermeability and flexible character or corresponding to this all material.
And, as shown in Figure 1, in described diffusion, prevent that the periphery of net 110 from forming a plurality of combined holes 112 with predetermined space, the ground fixed part 120 of being made by the metal material of predetermined weight in described combined hole 112 combinations.
Herein, as shown in the figure, described ground fixed part 120 comprises: coupling collar 121, touches mode (one touch) by list and is combined in described combined hole 112; Fixture 122, it is formed on the end of described coupling collar 121, by the metal material of predetermined weight, is formed, and the formation of described coupling collar 121 is normally used known technology, therefore omits its description.
Herein, with predetermined space, forming a plurality of described combined holes 112 is because when preventing the input port 111 input spore liquid of net 110 by diffusion, make to be formed on the seawater that described diffusion prevents the sea water layer 130 between net 110 and natural rock A or manual construction thing B and prevent that by described diffusion the periphery of net 110 from flowing, and prevent that described diffusion from preventing that net 110 from being swept across by trend and the phenomenon that comes off.
Described diffusion prevents that net 110 from can keep firmly stationary state with natural rock A or manual construction thing B by being combined in a plurality of ground fixed part 120 of described combined hole 112.
And, the inner side that prevents net 110 in described diffusion forms a plurality of projections 113 with predetermined space, now, described projection 113 prevents that medial surface that described diffusion prevents net 110 is close to the surface of nature rock A or manual construction thing B because of trend, and making described diffusion prevent that the medial surface of net 110 and the surface of natural rock A or manual construction thing B from keeping separating the state of predetermined space, described spore liquid equably distributes while therefore dropping into spore liquid by input port 111.
Further, as another embodiment for the described spore liquid that distributes equably, as shown in the figure, described diffusion prevents that the input port 111 of net 110 from can prevent that the top of net from forming one in described diffusion, and prevents that in described diffusion the pars intermedia of net from forming 2-3.
And the end in described input port 111 is preferably formed seal cover 111a and seals described input port 111 and prevent from thus putting into diffusion and prevent that the spore liquid in net 110 from revealing by described input port 111.
The step that spore liquid are dropped in the input port 111 that prevents a side of net 110 by being formed on described diffusion is that input pipe 114 that C from described ship is extended is connected to diffusion and prevents the input port 111 of net 110 or spore liquid is contained in carry-case (omitting diagram) and directly puts into and in water, by carry-case, spore liquid is prevented to input port 111 injections of net 110 by diffusion.
Herein, on described ship, C is arranged on that inside is provided with the housing 114a of spore liquid and for the spore liquid that is installed on described housing 114a being supplied to the pump 114b that drops into pipe 114, as long as described carry-case is to prevent that the utensil of the input port 111 injection spore liquid of net 110 from all can use by diffusion.
Spend about 1 hour after the described input port 111 of sealing after, reclaim described diffusion and prevent that the step of net 110 from being in order to provide the spore of spore liquid to be grown nonparasitically upon another plant in the time of natural rock A or manual construction thing B, as shown in Figure 2, described spore is grown nonparasitically upon another plant naturally in the surperficial gap that is formed on described natural rock A or manual construction thing B.
Certainly, the time of growing nonparasitically upon another plant described in is different according to the spore of object algae.
Although illustrated and described the preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is contemplated that, those skilled in the art can design various modifications of the present invention in the spirit and scope of claims.

Claims (6)

1. the algae spore of natural rock and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant in water, is characterized in that, comprising:
The step of the cleaning rock of the surface attachments of removal nature rock (A) or manual construction thing (B);
At the natural rock (A) through described cleaning rock step or manual construction thing (B), form the step that diffusion prevents net (110);
By being formed on described diffusion, prevent that the input port (111) of a side of net (110) from dropping into the step of spore liquid;
Seal described input port (111) and after about 1 hour, reclaim afterwards the step that described diffusion prevents net (110).
2. the algae spore of natural rock and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant in water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described diffusion prevents that net (110) consists of the plastic material with seawater impermeability and flexible character.
3. the algae spore of natural rock and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant in water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the periphery that prevents net (110) in described diffusion forms a plurality of combined holes (112) with predetermined space, the ground fixed part (120) of being made by the metal material of predetermined weight in described combined hole (112) combination.
4. according to the algae spore of natural rock in the water described in claim 1 or 3 and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant, it is characterized in that, the inner side that prevents net (110) in described diffusion forms a plurality of projections (113) with predetermined space, and the surface of natural rock (A) or manual construction thing (B) and described diffusion prevent that net (110) from keeping separating predetermined space thus.
5. according to the algae spore of natural rock in the water described in claim 1 or 3 and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant, it is characterized in that, a described input port (111) is formed at the top that prevents net (110) in described diffusion, in described diffusion, prevents that the pars intermedia of net (110) from forming 2-3 described input port (111); End in described input port (111) is formed for sealing the seal cover (111a) of described input port (111).
6. the algae spore of natural rock and the manual construction thing method of manually growing nonparasitically upon another plant in water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the input pipe (114) being extended is connected to input port (111) that described diffusion prevents net (110) drops into spore liquid or spore liquid is contained in carry-case directly in water by described diffusion and prevents that the input port (111) of net (110) from dropping into spore liquid by (C) on ship.
CN201210072087.4A 2011-04-07 2012-03-19 artificial attaching method of algae spores of natural rock and artificial structure in water Expired - Fee Related CN102726283B (en)

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KR1020110032089A KR101050296B1 (en) 2011-04-07 2011-04-07 Artificial attaching method of algae spores
KR10-2011-0032089 2011-04-07

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CN102726283B true CN102726283B (en) 2014-07-23

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CN103070109B (en) * 2012-12-13 2014-11-05 浙江海洋学院 Node assembly type fishing bank
CN105941126B (en) * 2016-05-09 2018-12-04 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Algae spores artificial graft's device with deposit pumping function
CN105961180B (en) * 2016-05-09 2019-01-04 浙江省海洋水产研究所 The underwater spraying equipment of algae spores with seabed attachment clearing function
CN105961243A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-28 广东海洋大学 Coral larva oriented bottom sowing method
CN106212261B (en) * 2016-07-20 2019-05-17 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Coating unit under a kind of macro spore fluid
CN106234202B (en) * 2016-07-20 2019-03-19 浙江省海洋水产研究所 A kind of submarine algae field formation device
KR101999670B1 (en) 2017-06-28 2019-07-15 최태봉 Light transmitting attachment-device and induction method for attachment of a gametophyte using the same
KR102269159B1 (en) * 2021-01-19 2021-06-24 청암종합건설 주식회사 Constructiong method of seaweed forest using Artificial attaching of zoospore

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