CN102724701A - Uplink resource allocation to control intercell interference in a wireless communication system - Google Patents

Uplink resource allocation to control intercell interference in a wireless communication system Download PDF

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CN102724701A
CN102724701A CN2012101967499A CN201210196749A CN102724701A CN 102724701 A CN102724701 A CN 102724701A CN 2012101967499 A CN2012101967499 A CN 2012101967499A CN 201210196749 A CN201210196749 A CN 201210196749A CN 102724701 A CN102724701 A CN 102724701A
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China
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travelling carriage
plurality
ue
uplink
serving bs
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CN2012101967499A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102724701B (en
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N·W·安德森
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索尼公司
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Priority to US11/208,512 priority patent/US8023955B2/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/08Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on quality criteria
    • H04W72/082Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on quality criteria using the level of interference
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B17/00Monitoring; Testing
    • H04B17/20Monitoring; Testing of receivers
    • H04B17/24Monitoring; Testing of receivers with feedback of measurements to the transmitter
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/003Arrangements for allocating sub-channels of the transmission path
    • H04L5/0058Allocation criteria
    • H04L5/006Quality of the received signal, e.g. BER, SNR, water filling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/003Arrangements for allocating sub-channels of the transmission path
    • H04L5/0058Allocation criteria
    • H04L5/0073Allocation arrangements that take into account other cell interferences
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/14Two-way operation using the same type of signal, i.e. duplex
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/22Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path using time-division multiplexing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/16Discovering, processing access restriction or access information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W52/00Power management, e.g. TPC [Transmission Power Control], power saving or power classes
    • H04W52/04TPC
    • H04W52/30TPC using constraints in the total amount of available transmission power
    • H04W52/34TPC management, i.e. sharing limited amount of power among users or channels or data types, e.g. cell loading
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0406Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes
    • H04W72/0413Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes in uplink direction of a wireless link, i.e. towards network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/12Dynamic Wireless traffic scheduling ; Dynamically scheduled allocation on shared channel
    • H04W72/1205Schedule definition, set-up or creation
    • H04W72/1226Schedule definition, set-up or creation based on channel quality criteria, e.g. channel state dependent scheduling
    • H04W72/1231Schedule definition, set-up or creation based on channel quality criteria, e.g. channel state dependent scheduling using measured or perceived quality
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/12Dynamic Wireless traffic scheduling ; Dynamically scheduled allocation on shared channel
    • H04W72/14Dynamic Wireless traffic scheduling ; Dynamically scheduled allocation on shared channel using a grant or specific channel
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/08Access point devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W16/00Network planning, e.g. coverage or traffic planning tools; Network deployment, e.g. resource partitioning or cells structures
    • H04W16/14Spectrum sharing arrangements between different networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W24/00Supervisory, monitoring or testing arrangements
    • H04W24/10Scheduling measurement reports ; Arrangements for measurement reports
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W52/00Power management, e.g. TPC [Transmission Power Control], power saving or power classes
    • H04W52/04TPC
    • H04W52/18TPC being performed according to specific parameters
    • H04W52/28TPC being performed according to specific parameters using user profile, e.g. mobile speed, priority or network state, e.g. standby, idle or non transmission
    • H04W52/283Power depending on the position of the mobile

Abstract

Embodiments of the present invention exploit the reciprocity of radio channels in TDD, and longer-term correlation between average uplink and downlink path losses in FDD wireless communication systems to enable distributed schedulers in an enhanced uplink system to allocate uplink transmission resources while preemptively managing intercell interference levels. Each cell's base station transmits a downlink reference signal at a known transmission power level. A mobile station monitors the received signal strength of the downlink reference signals from multiple base stations. The transmitted and received signal strength levels can be used by the mobile station to estimate the amount of intercell interference that the mobile station's uplink transmissions cause, and the mobile station's uplink transmission parameters are adjusted accordingly. In further embodiments, the received reference signal power levels, or values derived therefrom, are transmitted by the mobile station to its serving base station, where a scheduling algorithm uses the information to adjust one or more transmission parameters relating to a grant of uplink transmission resources to the UE, thereby controlling the intercell interference generated by the mobile station's uplink transmissions.

Description

The uplink resource allocation of the presence of intercell interference in the control wireless communication system

The application be same applicant's the applying date be on July 20th, 2006, application number the dividing an application that be 200680030486.7 (PCT/EP2006/064459), denomination of invention for the Chinese invention patent application of " uplink resource allocation of the presence of intercell interference in the control wireless communication system ".

Technical field

The present invention relates to control the control appliance and the method for the interference that up link inserts in the wireless communication system.The present invention is applicable to (but being not limited to) communication resource access; Be specially adapted to the enhanced uplink of packet-based data used in universal terrestrial radio access (UTRA) wideband CDMA system, as employed in universal mobile communications standard (UMTS).

Background technology

Wireless communication system, for example cellular telephone communication system or PMR private mobile radio communication system provide to be configured in a plurality of base station transceivers (BTS) and a plurality of and to be commonly referred to the Radio Communications Link between the subscriber unit of travelling carriage (MS) usually.

The difference of wireless communication system and the fixed communications such as public switch telephone network (PSTN) mainly is that travelling carriage moves between some BTS overlay areas, and will run into changing radio propagation environment in this case.

In wireless communication system, each BTS respectively has related with it specific geographical coverage area (sub-district in other words).The overlay area is defined as BTS can keep the particular range of accepting to communicate by letter with the MS that in its Serving cell, works.A large-scale overlay area can always be synthesized in the overlay area of a plurality of BTS.Embodiments of the invention will combine the 3G (Third Generation) Moblie partner program (3GPP) of the some parts that comprises time division duplex (TD-CDMA) mode of operation of definition universal mobile communications standard (UMTS) to explain.Thereby the full content relevant with the present invention all classified the application as and comprised 3GPP TR 25.211, TR 25.212, TR 25.213, TR 25.214, TR25.215, TR 25.808, TR 25.221, TR 25.222, TR 25.223, TR 25.224, TR 25.225, TS 25.309, TR25.804, TS 21.101 and TR 21.905 with reference to 3GPP standard and the technological vision quoted.These 3GPP files can from 3GPP support office (3GPP Support Office, 650Route des Lucioles, Sophia Antipolis, Valbonne FRANCE) obtains, and also can obtain from network address www.3gpp.org on the internet.

In the UMTS term, BTS is called Node B, and subscriber equipment (or travelling carriage) is called subscriber equipment (UE).Rapid exploitation along with the service that provides for the user of wireless communication arena; UE can comprise the communication equipment of many forms; From mobile phone or radiophone, PDA(Personal Digital Assistant) and MP-3 player, until wireless video units and wireless internet units.

In the UMTS term, the communication link from the Node B to UE is called downlink channel.Otherwise the communication link from UE to the Node B is called uplink channel.

In such wireless communication system, the method that exists some to use available communication resource simultaneously can be shared such communication resource by many users (travelling carriage).These methods are sometimes referred to as multiple access technology.Usually, between Node B and UE, come traffic offered, and transmit the control information such as call page with other channels with some communication resources (for example, communication channel, time slot, code sequence etc.).

It should be noted that and in system hierarchy, have some transfer channels between physical layer and the media interviews control (MAC).How transfer channel can transmit through radio interface by definition of data.Between MAC and radio link control (RLC)/radio resource control (RRC) layer, there are some logic channels.The logic channel definition transmits anything.The physical channel definition is through radio interface, and promptly between layer 1 entity of UE and Node B, what reality sends.

There are some multiple access technologies, thereby can divide the limited communication resource according to attribute, such as: (i) frequency division multiple access (FDMA), give specific travelling carriage with a channel allocation in the channel of a plurality of different frequencies, supply during call duration, to use; (ii) time division multiple access (TDMA), through with each communication resource, for example a used frequency channels in the communication system is divided into many different time sections (time slot, frame etc.), makes and between some users, can share this communication resource; And (iii) code division multiple access (CDMA), use each all corresponding frequencies to realize communication in all time periods, through coming shared resource, useful signal is distinguished with undesirable signal mutually for specific code of each allocation of communications.

In more such multiple access technologies, dispose different duplex (two-way communication) paths.Some paths can be configured to the configuration of FDD (FDD) like this, and a frequency is exclusively used in uplink communication, and another frequency is exclusively used in downlink communication.Perhaps, the path can be configured to time division duplex (TDD), and according to different situations, first period was exclusively used in uplink communication, and second period was exclusively used in downlink communication.

No matter present communication system is wireless or wired, all need between communication unit, transmit data.Data comprise signaling information and the business such as data, video and voice communication here.The data that need effectively and efficiently to provide such transmit, to optimize the use of the limited communication resource.

The focus of 3GPP is being introduced and is being promoted on " enhanced uplink " function already recently, thinks that the packet-based data of up link provide system resource scheduling fast and distribution, as the feedback to HSDPA (High Speed Downlink Packet Access).In HSDPA (down link), scheduling (or downlink resource allocations) entity is arranged on the network entity interior (scheduling is in the past carried out by radio network controller RNC) of Node B.Scheduler resides in the new MAC entity that is called MAC-hs.

For HSDPA, scheduling is distributed in each Node B usually, thereby does not support the soft handover (Hong Fenji) of down link.That is to say that a scheduler is arranged in each sub-district, they do not know the scheduling decision of making in other sub-districts basically or fully.Each scheduler carries out work independently.Feedback offers scheduler with the form of channel quality information (CQI) by UE.This information makes scheduler can regulate each user's concrete C/ (N+I) (being carrier wave and the ratio of noise-plus-interference power) situation.If the scheduler in other sub-districts produces the interference to a UE; This is reflected in the CQI of the Serving cell scheduler of this UE report; Scheduler can be used as response adjustment link parameter, to keep acceptable radio communication quality or the reliability between base station and the UE.Can comprise according to the examples of parameters of the CQI feedback adjustment of UE: (i) data transfer rate; (ii) transmitting power; (iii) modulation format (QPSK/16-QAM); And (iv) used FEC coding degree.

At first realized the enhanced uplink features of FDD 3GPP modification.In this case, scheduler is arranged on (inner in so-called MAC-e function) in the Node B.Owing to scheduling feature is arranged in the Node B, the scheduling function is disperseed greatly.Yet,, therefore between the scheduler of different districts, need carry out coordination to a certain degree owing to can disturb the work of other sub-districts significantly from the uplink signal of UE.

Also support soft handover the up link in FDD, this also needs actual reception to all base stations of UE transmission UE to be carried out certain control or feedback.Can similarly this be thought a kind of form of scheduler coordination between the sub-district.

Referring to Fig. 1 a, through neighbor cell (promptly the sub-district 003 in " active groups " and 004 rather than master control sub-district 002) provide feedback that the coordination between the cell scheduling device is provided for the FDD enhanced uplink to UE 001." active groups " is defined as the group of forming from the sub-district of the ul transmissions of UE101 by receiving on one's own initiative.Since in FDD WCDMA from each user's uplink signal and other users' uplink signal mutual interference mutually, so from the interference that causes in sub-district 003 and 004 to a certain degree that is transmitted in of UE 101.Between the Node B (002,003 and 004) of active groups, do not have clear and definite direct coordination, coordination is to realize through the Control and Feedback to UE.

The form of the authorization command of the control of UE transmitting power and data transfer rate being taked from a plurality of sub-districts send to same UE.UE receives from " definitely " of Serving cell and authorizes, and can receive " relatively " mandate from adjacent cell in the active groups.Absolute grant channel (E-AGCH) 007 is used for transmitting it to UE by the Serving cell scheduler can use the information of which resource.Uplink resource is thought of as " thermal noise promotes (Rise-over-Thermal) " (RoT) resource usually in FDD WCDMA; The reception interference level thresholding that for the base station, allows (thermal noise in the receiver relatively) is set, and in fact each user is authorized the sub-fraction of the reception interference power of this permission.Along with the RoT that allows is provided with an increase, the interference level at place, base station also increases, thereby makes the detection of UE signal more difficult.Therefore, the result of RoT increase is that cell coverage area reduces.So, must correctly dispose RoT for given deployment and be provided with a little, to guarantee that satisfying desirable system covers.

If the user is in the border of a sub-district, his ul transmissions just possibly influence viewed reception interference level in neighbor cell significantly, surpasses the jamming target that allows in the neighbor cell thereby possibly make.This possibly reduce the covering of neighbor cell and make radio communication quality reduction in the neighbor cell.This is undesirable, because the decision-making that the scheduler in sub-district has been done possibly have disadvantageous (sometimes or even catastrophic) influence to the covering of another sub-district or throughput.Therefore, the preferential or reactive action that needs certain form for this situation is regulated.

For FDD WCDMA enhanced uplink, what taked is reactive (rather than priority) action.Reactive action is rendered as respectively the E-RGCH feedback command 005,006 from neighbor cell 004 and 003, can order the transmitting power that makes UE to reduce with this when specific scheduler receives the excessive interference of uplink signal in its sub-district.

Therefore, do not need to carry out between the Node B direct communication realizing uplink channel interference to coordinate between the scheduler.This is useful, because can keep distributed scheduling architecture (scheduler does not need to intercom mutually) at network side, this can be arranged in the Node B scheduler, helps to accelerate to dispatch, reduce the time of implementation and accelerate the response to transmitting.When using hybrid ARQ (H-ARQ), this also is useful, because can forwarding be incorporated in the soft buffer of Node B, thereby needing through Node B/soft information of RNC interface (Iub) relaying to have avoided.

For TDD, do not support the uplink soft handoff between the cell site usually.The current information decoding that does not require that also UE sends on down link any sub-district outside the Serving cell.Therefore, use from the E-AGCH of Serving cell and to come the FDD solution of control system presence of intercell interference level everywhere from the E-RGCH of neighbor cell be inappropriate for the TDD enhanced uplink.Can adopt to require UE to listen to order, so that can use same E-RGCH feedback scheme from a plurality of sub-districts.Yet this will increase the complexity of UE receiver significantly, so this is not attractive solution.Referring to Fig. 1 b, UE 011 carries out TDD with its serving node B 012 and communicates by letter 017, yet the up link of UE 011 also causes the interference of the neighbor cell that Node B 013 and 014 is served.

Therefore, must seek the mechanism of other control uplink inter-cell interference.Same useful is; Seek can be in the distributed scheduling architecture acting solution to this problem; Each sub-district or each Node B respectively have a scheduler in this distributed scheduling architecture, and each scheduler can carry out work independently with the scheduler of other sub-districts.The advantage that so just can keep distributed architecture.These advantages comprise: (i) scheduling is very fast; It is shorter (ii) to transmit the time of implementation; (iii) very fast: as (iv) not need communication interface between minizone or website to the response of transmitting; (v) reduce network complexity; And (the architecture that vi) helps mixed automatic retransmission request H-ARQ.

Summary of the invention

Embodiments of the invention utilize the reciprocity of radio channel in TDD and the FDD wireless communication system to make the distribution schedule device in the enhanced uplink system can preferentially control the presence of intercell interference level.Downlink reference signals (or so-called " beacon " signal) is sent in the base station of each sub-district.The transmitting power of (at transmitter) beacon signal is known for UE, because this encoded on beacon signal (and/or can be a default value).UE keep watch on from (what UE received) reception signal strength signal intensity of the downlink beacon signal of one or more base stations (received signal code power, RSCP).UE utilizes the size that beacon signal power levels is controlled the presence of intercell interference that UE produces owing to its ul transmissions that transmits and receives of each base station (Node B).In further embodiments; Transmit and receive beacon signal power levels; Some values that perhaps therefrom draw; Send to its serving node B (base station) by UE, authorize UE with the transmission parameter scheduling mechanism with uplink transport parameter permission (grant) there, thus the presence of intercell interference that ul transmissions produced of control UE.Owing to do not need UE to receive the data content from the control signal of other (adjacent) sub-districts, so embodiments of the invention adapt to the characteristic of current 3GPP TDD architecture easily, and have avoided increasing significantly the complexity of UE receiver.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 a illustration the situation that travelling carriage is communicated by letter with Serving cell and interior each member of active groups in the FDD wireless communication system;

Fig. 1 b illustration in the TDD wireless communication system travelling carriage communicate by letter with Serving cell and disturb the situation of neighbor cell; Attention: though in the TDD standard, do not support soft handover (do not comprise and support signaling); But it is contemplated that at other or similarly can realize the Node B and the system of UE signal outside " listening to " sub-district in the system, to make up to upwards being given to RNC or other central points or network entity behind these signal decodings;

Fig. 2 a illustration be in the uplink conditions of travelling carriage of the good radio propagation state (" high how much " situation) of intercell interference.

Fig. 2 b illustration be in the uplink conditions of the travelling carriage of difficult radio propagation situation (" low how much " situation).

Fig. 3 a illustration be in the down link situation of the travelling carriage of good radio propagation state (" high how much " situation).

Fig. 3 b illustration be in the down link situation of the travelling carriage of difficult radio propagation situation (" low how much " situation).

Fig. 4 a illustration the method for the justice of prior art (equality) power dispatching.

Fig. 4 b illustration the embodiment by how much power dispatchings of the present invention.

Fig. 5 illustration according to the signal intelligence between the MAC-e layer of the UE of embodiments of the invention designs and Node B.

Fig. 6 illustration according to the working condition of the scheduler of embodiments of the invention designs.

Fig. 7 a illustration be the method that UE distributes the uplink resource permission according to embodiments of the invention designs by serving node B.

Fig. 7 b illustration be the method that UE distributes the uplink resource permission according to an alternative embodiment of the invention design by serving node B.

Fig. 8 illustration to the embodiment of the method for scale uplink resource grants.

Fig. 9 is the system block diagram of illustration embodiments of the invention.

Embodiment

Only if definition is arranged in addition, all used here scientific and technical terminologies have and the common identical meaning of understanding of personnel of generally being familiar with the affiliated technical field of the present invention.All related patents, the application of applying for, delivering and their full content of other publications are here all classified as with reference to quoting.If in this joint given definition with classify as with reference to application, the application of being delivered and other publications quoted on the contrary or inconsistent here, should be as the criterion with definition given in this joint.

As used herein, so-called " one " is meant " at least one " or " one or more ".

Referring to Fig. 2 a and 2b, UE 201 communicates by letter with its serving node B (base station) 202.Uplink signal also arrives the Node B 203 and 204 of neighbor cell.In the system, between each UE (being designated as " i ") and each Node B base station receiver (being designated as " j "), signal path gain is arranged.Path gain between UE " i " and the Node B base station receiver " j " is denoted as g for Node B 204,202 and 203 Ij207,205 and 206.UE near serving node B has the high path gain for this sub-district (being shown thick arrow) usually, and possibly have the low path gain for other sub-districts (being shown thin arrow).For example, the path gain 205 among Fig. 2 a is big, therefore is designated as thick arrow.

For given transmission from i UE, power of locating to receive at its Serving cell (J) and the power that receives at place, every other sub-district with ratio be called " how much (geometry) " (Φ):

Φ i = g i , J Σ j ≠ J g ij - - - [ 1 ]

It is common than having the little of low how much UE with the interference of neighbor cell to have high how much user.Therefore, be exactly useful if scheduler is known the geometry of each UE, because before the scheduling grant value is sent to these users, just can predict the size of the caused presence of intercell interference of UE, thereby just can manage and control presence of intercell interference.

Fig. 2 a and 2b show respectively has high and low how much user under the situation of high geometry and low geometry, wherein the width means path gain of transmission path arrow (arrow of broad is represented higher path gain).

User's geometry can be calculated by the uplink signal power that network based each base station receives.Yet this requires to gather at the serving node B place of given UE the received signal power measurement result of UE hereto, and this need set up new communication link (and this we attempt to avoid just) between the Node B in serving node B and the neighbor cell.

Perhaps, also can be to locate to gather the serving node B that is transmitted to UE for the received power measurement result of given UE again at other central points (such as radio network controller RNC).Regrettably, this relates to the transmission delay of metrical information in network, thus mean information before the device that can be scheduled uses with regard to " always ".And, do the signaling consumption that also will increase in the network like this.

One embodiment of the present of invention are used for TDD with channel reciprocity, to avoid the above problem of being discussed.For TDD, but because downlink channel and uplink channel are reciprocity, therefore how much (or corresponding path gain g Ij) can measure downlink reference or beacon signal by UE, again measurement result is issued serving node B, supply scheduling process to use.For 3GPP TDD WCDMA system, there has been such downlink beacon signal.Transmission is once or twice in each radio telephone frame with fixing reference power (be each cell configuration) for they.They are arranged in the time slot identical with master sync signal, and this makes UE can find the position of beacon slot.Therefore, UE might in time confirm the position from the beacon transmissions of each sub-district (comprising Serving cell), measures the received signal code power level (RSCP) of these beacon transmissions that comprise Serving cell.

The transmitted reference power of beacon signal is indicated in the beacon transmissions of each sub-district itself.Therefore, referring to Fig. 3 a and 3b, UE 201 can uppick from the beacon transmissions of base station (for example, respectively from the beacon transmissions 205,206 and 207 of Node B 202,203 and 204).Each beacon transmissions contains a consensus sequence or pilot signal, and the intensity that UE measures this part signal is enough to provide desirable RSCP measurement result.UE needn't be to neighbor cell beacon signal institute loaded information content decoding. can issue UE in the information content of Serving cell beacon signal with the corresponding reference transmit power levels of each beacon signal; Perhaps also can be that UE can own decode to the neighbor cell beacon signal information.No matter but be which kind of situation, for each sub-district (j), UE (i) is so can calculate path gain:

g ij = RSCP j P j ref - - - [ 2 ]

In one embodiment, through carrying out such calculating for each sub-district, UE obviously can through type [1] calculates how much Φ of self I, this is reported to network, keep supplying the line link scheduling process and use.

In further embodiments, can draw similar or relevant tolerance (quality factor), such as the path gain of Serving cell (J) ratio with the path gain of the strongest neighbor cell (K):

Φ i ′ = g ij g iK - - - [ 3 ]

In some other embodiment, in reference transmit power levels Equate and when on one public period, launching that UE can be through getting the Φ of estimator [1] approx recently to measured RSCP of Serving cell and remaining neighbor cell power ISCP from the beacon signal of a plurality of sub-districts iISCP is that the measured total presence of intercell interference of UE adds thermal noise (that is the received power sum of neighbor cell).As mention, this approximate hypothesis For all sub-districts in the network all is identical, and on beacon slot, has only the beacon signal emission, so ISCP is approximately equal to the RSCP of all j ≠ J jSum.

Φ i ′ ′ = RSCP J ISCP - - - [ 4 ]

ISCP can use some known modes to estimate, two examples here are described.In first example, rebuild the noiseless part of Serving cell beacon signal, again this part is deducted from composite received signal.Measure the power of residual signal then, provide required ISCP to estimate.In second example, measure the gross power " T " of composite signal (containing beacon signal), again power (the RSCP of independent measurement Serving cell signal from a plurality of sub-districts J).Then, ISCP is estimated as T-RSCP J, therefore:

Φ i ′ ′ ′ = RSCP J ( T - RSCP J ) - - - [ 5 ]

Wherein, ISCP is that the measured total presence of intercell interference of UE adds thermal noise (that is the received power sum of neighbor cell).Note this approximate hypothesis For all sub-districts in the network all is identical, and on beacon slot, has only the beacon signal emission, so ISCP is approximately equal to the RSCP of all j ≠ J jSum.

In another embodiment, UE can report the RSCP one by one that it receives to serving node B jValue, and, offer scheduling process by the computational geometry of serving node B own or other tolerance.Can unload calculated load from UE at serving node B place computational geometry or other tolerance, will send more data to serving node B yet its cost is UE.

In these cases, how much (or its approximate form) information send the base station dispatcher in the serving node B related with each concrete UE to.So scheduler can preferentially be avoided excessive presence of intercell interference through scheduling UE, make its transmission arrival neighbor cell not have excessive power.In this, the geometry value of formula [3] is particularly useful, because the maximum receiving signal level at any neighbor cell place (that is, the strongest received signal level) can directly calculate, if the transmitting power of UE (or the received power in Serving cell) is known.So can know received power level in the every other sub-district all less than this value, thereby on some degree, can think negligible.

How much scheduling according to UE must mean the transfer rate that should reduce each time slot for the UE with low geometry for their uplink resource, and for having the transfer rate that high how much user should improve each time slot.Useful is that this can be illustrated in the power system capacity aspect and have other benefits.Usually will think that perhaps thermal noise promotes (RoT) resource in order to receive C/ (N+I) resource to the resource of uplink scheduling.Compare with the situation of the uplink resource of dispatching the sub-fraction institute assignment that equates to each user; When user and their the proportional amount of uplink resources of geometry were given in scheduling, the total presence of intercell interference that is produced the given total resources of in each sub-district, being dispatched was just smaller.

In further embodiments; No matter be for the TDD system or for the FDD system; UE can independently use the measurement result of beacon signal RSCP to control it self uplink transmission characteristics, rather than waits for the order of returning from the scheduler of serving node B.This can be valuably according to realizing auxiliary Interference Control extremely fast than base station dispatcher used path loss metrical information at the UE place more recently when authorizing transfer resource.Then, can be with issuing base station dispatcher, as illustrated among some embodiment in front through the measurement result of upgrading.So base station dispatcher can be used for these further scheduling decision of base station through the measurement result of upgrading.Embodiments of the invention also can be used for the FDD wireless communication system.Though the transmission frequency of up link and down link is different for the FDD system; Rather than be common resembling in the TDD system, but downlink transmission path gain can provide the little accurate but available longer-term to the uplink transmission path gain between specific nodes B and the UE to estimate.

Difference between Fig. 4 a and 4b illustrate equality scheduling and dispatch by geometric proportion.In Fig. 4 of prior art a, the sub-fraction (406,405,404 and 403) that equates of Serving cell user's total received power is distributed in assignment to each user.In the embodiment shown in Fig. 4 b of the present invention, the received power resource is shared according to their how much (users 1 406 have the highest geometry and user 4 403 has minimum how much) by the user.In Fig. 4 a and 4b, 401 and 402 represent the ambient level of thermal noise and presence of intercell interference respectively.

When realizing press the geometric proportion scheduling, scheduler can guarantee that each user produces (or similar) presence of intercell interference level identical with other users, no matter their geometry what state.The equality scheduling situation that the degree of this and the caused presence of intercell interference of each user and user's geometry are inversely proportional to is opposite.Thereby under the situation of equality scheduling, it is that a handful of low geometry users limits that system receives usually, and this is unfavorable for high geometry users.Through in the user, sharing each user's minizone " cost " (like situation about sharing by geometric proportion) more liberally, system does not just receive the involving of user of these worst cases greatly, thereby power system capacity can increase.

In one embodiment of the invention, considered 3GPP TDD enhanced uplink system, wherein each UE measures the downlink beacon RSCP (can confirm the position of beacon transmissions with primary synchronization channel) from a plurality of neighbor cells.UE is the system information decoding to containing on one or more beacon signals also; The beacon reference transmit power that retrieves each sub-district utilizes this information, UE can calculate for Serving cell with for the path gain (through type [2]) of neighbor cell.Then, these UE through types [1] calculate how much or calculate similar tolerance according to estimated path gain, this information are issued the MAC-e entity of being responsible for uplink scheduling in the Serving cell Node B.Because the reciprocity of TDD radio channel (up link and downlink transmission use be identical frequency), this geological information and up link are corresponding, even it is measured on down link.This geological information also can be used for the FDD system; Just up link maybe be not quite relevant with downlink channel; Therefore need to use down link received signal power measurement result or path gain, thereby make the Interference Control response time increase delay through average or filtering.

Be without loss of generality, it is interior or multiplexed in actual enhanced uplink transmissions that feedback information can be included in actual enhanced uplink transmissions, perhaps also can be carried on institute's associated control channel.Transmit between MAC-e entity and the MAC-e entity in the Serving cell Node B of feedback signaling in UE, as shown in Figure 5.

Network (UTRAN) comprises some radio network controllers (RNC), respectively facing to a plurality of cell sites (Node B).Each Node B contains one is responsible for the one or more sub-district of Node B support or the MAC-e entities of sector of receiving of scheduling.Scheduler does not need the coordination between the website, does not therefore just need the interface of Node B to Node B.Certainly, handle the scheduler of the different districts that same Node B faces toward and in Node B, to communicate by letter, if this realization regulation.

Scheduler is responsible for making the uplink channel interference resource in each shared among users.Jamming resource comprises interference sections and presence of intercell interference part in the sub-district, and (so-called thermal noise promotes, RoT) to be defined as the relatively hot interference of noise level of permission.

TDD WCDMA receiver can comprise can eliminate the joint detection receiver from some energy of other Serving cells user.Yet this elimination process and imperfection possibly also be left some residual interference.Residual interference from each user can change with the power that receives from this user to a certain extent pro rata.Therefore, authorize the user that big received power is arranged in the base station and will have " cost " in the higher sub-district than the user who authorizes low received power share.

Scheduler can calculate/estimate cost factor (Fintra) in the sub-district of each UE (i), and cost factor just obtains cost in the absolute sub-district related with this License Value in the sub-district when multiply by the received power License Value (grant) of hypothesis.Cost factor for example can be exactly a fixedly scalar (0...1) relevant with joint detection process efficient simply.For example:

F intra,i=1-JDefficiency [6]

COST intra,i=F intra,i×grant i [7]

Each user also will appear at neighbor cell receiver place to the transmission of Serving cell, level and the received power of being authorized in Serving cell and corresponding with the ratio for the path gain of special neighbourhood sub-district for the path gain of Serving cell.Being authorized at Serving cell has the user of big received power will bigger interference be arranged to neighbor cell than the user who authorizes smaller power.In addition, having low how much user will disturb to neighbor cell than having high how much user.

As for situation in the sub-district, scheduler can be confirmed total minizone " cost " factor (F related with the hypothesis License Value of the received power resource of authorizing given UE Inter).This cost factor depends on user's how much (Φ).When cost factor multiply by License Value (grant), just obtain absolute minizone cost.For example:

F inter , i = 1 Φ i - - - [ 8 ]

COST inter,i=F inter,i×grant [9]

Utilize in the sub-district notion with the minizone cost, scheduler can be according to equity criterion with giving each UE with the minizone cost sharing in the sub-district of permission in scheduling.

For the equality scheduling, receive the user of each scheduled of a particular schedule management should receive an equal received power License Value in the sub-district.The cost sum of the power grants that these equate should be no more than in total sub-district of permission or minizone cost (these costs be arranged to keep specific discharge rate or system reliability/stability).

For the situation of pressing the geometric proportion scheduling, should receive and the proportional received power License Value of his geometry by each scheduled user of a specific scheduler management.Equally, the cost sum of these power grants should not surpass in the total sub-district that allows or the minizone cost.

Also can be implemented in equality scheduling with by the justice in various degree between the geometric proportion dispatching method, wherein to use be that geometrical factor is calibrated with the factor of the constant sum of representing fair parameter to power grants.Fig. 6 illustration an embodiment of this scheduling process.The geometry through considering the user and the setting of fair parameter can realize a kind of scheduling scheme, this scheduling scheme can: (i) the prediction hypothesis License Value of authorizing UE is to the influence of the level of the presence of intercell interference that produced; Presence of intercell interference in (ii) preferential control and the management system; (iii) keep desirable to the network overlay area of sub-district everywhere; Keep to have and postpone little, as to transmit fast and H-ARQ advantage distributed scheduling architecture; (iv) do not need other sub-districts in order to control the downlink feedback signaling consumption of interference level; And (v) do not need the UE receiver to listening to from the message of a plurality of sub-districts and decoding, therefore can not increase the complexity of UE receiver.

The block diagram of the process of the uplink resource License Value of Fig. 7 a each UE that to be illustration served according to calculating under the situation of cost constraint in the total minizone that is allowed and sub-district of one embodiment of the present of invention design.In this specific embodiment, in step 701, UE keeps watch on the RSCP from the Node B of Serving cell and neighbor cell.In step 702, UE supplies the serving node B that the RSCP that monitors sends to it with reprocessing.In step 703, serving node B receives the RSCP that monitors from UE, again in step 704, presses the reciprocity of TDD channel and estimates the uplink path gain between UE and service and the active groups Node B according to corresponding downlink path.In step 705, with estimated uplink path gain calculate each UE that is served geometry value (or similar quality factor, as stated).In step 706, Node B is for example according to cost factor in minizone of calculating each UE that receives a specific nodes service with following formula 8 and 9 and the sub-district.

Fig. 7 b is another embodiment, and wherein uplink path gain estimates to calculate (step 704) and geometry value or similar quality factor calculating (705) by UE rather than serving node B execution.This can reduce the essential feedback communication bandwidth from UE to the Node B, but its cost is computation bandwidth, memory and the power consumption that has increased UE.It can also mean transmits less gross information content (for example, can lose the information that is exclusively used in the path gain of each independent sub-district), therefore signaling efficient and the information content and scheduling performance has been done to trade off.

Fig. 8 shows the embodiment of the step 707 among Fig. 7 a and the 7b, wherein with cost in all sub-districts and all minizone cost additions (step 801 and 802) respectively, compares in step 803 and corresponding cost objective again.Depending in the sub-district total cost, higher still the minizone total cost is higher; The uplink resource License Value of each UE that is served is calibrated with the ratio of the total minizone that allows (or in respective cell) cost, made maximum (in minizone or the sub-district) cost objective not be exceeded.Can repeatedly use this process as required.Though as shown in this embodiment of Fig. 7; Step 703 to 707 at the serving node B place MACe of serving node B (specifically by) carry out; But in the sub-district and/or minizone cost can be estimated by UE, transmission parameter is adjusted to make UE be no more than the predetermined jamming target in service and/or neighbor cell.

Fig. 9 illustration the hardware embodiment of an alternative embodiment of the invention.UE 908 comprises signal connection device 909, is used for connecting receiver 913, transmitter 910, duplexer or duplexer 914, processor 911 and memory 912, as well-known in the wireless telecommunications user equipment technical field.Duplexer or duplexer 914 are connected with the antenna that receives radio signals 915 with the transmission of UE.901 and 917 is Node B, is connected with 922 with their antennas 906 separately.Node B 901 can be identical with Node B 917 basically, just for the purpose of illustration, supposes that Node B 917 is the service node of UE 908.Square frame 903 is a transmitter, and square frame 904 is a controller, and square frame 905 is an electronic memory.Square frame 902 is a signal interconnection.Processor 904 makes transmitter 903 that RSCP is sent to UE 908 under one group of computer instruction control that is stored in the memory 905.UE 908 keeps watch on reference signal (beacon signal), measures corresponding received power level (" RSCP "), in one embodiment their relayings is given its serving node B, supplies with reprocessing.The received signal power level can be estimated through the analogue technique measurement such as analog receiving signal intensity indication (RSSI) circuit or with Digital Signal Processing, as well-known in this technical field.In another embodiment, UE908 can carry out the additional treatments to the RSCP transmission, and result is sent to serving node B 917.Square frame 919 in the serving node B is a receiver, and square frame 920 is a controller, and square frame 921 is an electronic memory, and square frame 918 is signal connection devices.The controller 920 of serving node B is included in the electronic memory 921, is used for calculating the uplink resource License Value of authorizing each UE that is served according to above at least one embodiment that discusses.Uplink transport parameter with the inter-cell uplink link cost in the sub-district of controller 920 adjustable change UE includes but is not limited to: (i) data transfer rate; (ii) transmitting power; (iii) forward error correction degree and/or characteristic; (iv) modulation format; And/or (v) code resource utilance.For example, for given uplink transmission power, data transfer rate, forward error correction degree and modulation format, can realize first transmission reliability (data error rate) level.Reducing data transfer rate or increase is used for the forward error correction amount of system or uses more reliable modulation scheme when sending with identical transmitting power, will cause improved second transmission reliability.A kind of like this improvement can reach first transmission reliability once more through the transmitting power that reduces UE subsequently.Like this, can adjust the transmitting power of UE with adjusting data transfer rate or forward error correction coding or modulation scheme, thereby the control presence of intercell interference still reaches required transmission reliability simultaneously.

Various changes and expansion to these illustrated embodiment are conspicuous for the personnel that generally are familiar with this technical field.For example, uplink scheduler can utilize the measurement result of being reported to calculate influence or the cost of the uplink resource License Value of hypothesis to other sub-districts before mandate, to draw influence or value at cost wholly or in part.

Other application of the present invention, function and advantage all are conspicuous after having studied the present invention openly for the personnel that generally are familiar with this technical field.Therefore, scope of patent protection of the present invention should only be limited following claims.

Claims (16)

1. method of distributing uplink transmission resource in the wireless communication system comprises:
Receive a plurality of reference signal transmission of sending with corresponding a plurality of transmitted power levels by serving BS and adjacent base station by travelling carriage;
By a plurality of received signal power level of moving table measuring to said a plurality of reference signal transmission;
According to a plurality of measured received signal power level and said a plurality of transmitted power level, calculate corresponding quality factor by travelling carriage;
Send said corresponding quality factor by travelling carriage to serving BS; And
Received by serving BS distribution to uplink transmission resource in response to said corresponding quality factor by travelling carriage, wherein said quality factor are based on the path gain of said serving BS and the ratio of path gain the most by force of adjacent base station.
2. method as claimed in claim 1 also comprises by travelling carriage and calculates second quality factor based on said quality factor.
3. method as claimed in claim 1 also comprises by travelling carriage from corresponding a plurality of reference signal transmission said a plurality of transmitted power level of decoding.
4. method as claimed in claim 1 also comprises the indication that is received said a plurality of transmitted power levels by travelling carriage from serving BS.
5. method as claimed in claim 1 also comprises the indication that is received said a plurality of transmitted power levels by travelling carriage from adjacent base station.
6. method as claimed in claim 1; Wherein in response to said corresponding quality factor select, by the parameter of the said uplink transmission resource that said serving BS distributed comprise following one of at least: (i) data transfer rate; (ii) up-link transmission power; (iii) forward error correction degree or characteristic, (iv) modulation format and (v) code resource utilance.
7. method as claimed in claim 1; Wherein this method is carried out in the described wireless communication system of universal mobile communications standard by the 3G (Third Generation) Moblie partner program; Said serving BS is a Node B; Said travelling carriage is UE, and Node B further is included in the uplink scheduler of authorizing travelling carriage with uplink transport parameter in the MAC-e.
8. travelling carriage that is used for wireless communication system comprises:
Be used to receive the device of a plurality of reference signal transmission of sending with corresponding a plurality of transmitted power levels by serving BS and adjacent base station;
Be used for the device of surveyingpin to a plurality of received signal power level of said a plurality of reference signal transmission;
Be used for the device that calculates corresponding quality factor according to a plurality of measured received signal power level and said a plurality of transmitted power level;
Be used for sending the device of said corresponding quality factor to serving BS; And
Be used to receive serving BS in response to said corresponding quality factor the assigned unit to uplink transmission resource, wherein said quality factor are based on the ratio of the strongest path gain of the path gain of said serving BS and adjacent base station.
9. travelling carriage as claimed in claim 8 also comprises the device that is used for calculating based on said quality factor second quality factor.
10. travelling carriage as claimed in claim 8 also comprises being used for from the decode device of said a plurality of transmitted power levels of corresponding a plurality of reference signal transmission.
11. travelling carriage as claimed in claim 8 also comprises the device that is used for receiving from serving BS the indication of said a plurality of transmitted power levels.
12. travelling carriage as claimed in claim 8 also comprises the device that is used for receiving from adjacent base station the indication of said a plurality of transmitted power levels.
13. travelling carriage as claimed in claim 8; Wherein in response to said corresponding quality factor select, by the parameter of the said uplink transmission resource that said serving BS distributed comprise following one of at least: (i) data transfer rate; (ii) up-link transmission power; (iii) forward error correction degree or characteristic, (iv) modulation format and (v) code resource utilance.
14. travelling carriage as claimed in claim 8; Wherein said travelling carriage is configured to be used for the described wireless communication system of universal mobile communications standard by the 3G (Third Generation) Moblie partner program; Said serving BS is a Node B; Said travelling carriage is UE, and Node B further is included in the uplink scheduler of authorizing travelling carriage with uplink transport parameter in the MAC-e.
15. a wireless communication system comprises the described travelling carriage of claim 8, serving BS and adjacent base station.
16. wireless communication system like claim 15; Wherein wireless communication system is by the universal mobile communications standard to describe of 3G (Third Generation) Moblie partner program; Serving BS is a Node B; Travelling carriage is UE, and Node B further is included in the uplink scheduler of authorizing travelling carriage with the parameter of uplink transmission resource in the MAC-e.
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