CN102723789A - Medium-high power wireless power supply device - Google Patents

Medium-high power wireless power supply device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102723789A
CN102723789A CN2012101886773A CN201210188677A CN102723789A CN 102723789 A CN102723789 A CN 102723789A CN 2012101886773 A CN2012101886773 A CN 2012101886773A CN 201210188677 A CN201210188677 A CN 201210188677A CN 102723789 A CN102723789 A CN 102723789A
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resistor
connected
end
diode
power
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CN2012101886773A
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杨彤
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杨彤
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Abstract

The invention discloses a medium-high power wireless power supply device, which solves the technical problems of improving the working efficiency, reducing the size, being convenient to produce and debug and reducing the production cost, and the medium-high power wireless power supply device comprises a power supply device for generating electromagnetic waves and a power receiving device which is used for receiving the electromagnetic waves and transforming the same to be a power supply, the power supply device consists of an automatic detection control unit, a small power unit, a power amplification unit, a transmitting coil and an indication unit, the power receiving device consists of a receiving coil and a power receiving unit, the current of the power amplification unit flows by the transmitting coil to generate the electromagnetic wave, when the receiving coil approaches the transmitting coil, the receiving coil is wirelessly connected with the transmitting coil through an electromagnetic coupling way, the receiving coil generates the current and supplies power to a power consumption device through the power receiving unit. Compared with the prior art, medium-high power wireless power supply device has the advantages that the disc-shaped coil is used as the power supply coil and the power receiving coil, so that the Q value is reduced, and the transmission of large power can be obtained; and the working efficiency of the device is improved, large-scale production is realized, and the production cost is low.

Description

中大功率无线供电装置 The wireless power supply apparatus power

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及一种供电装置,特别是一种中大功率无线供电装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a power supply device, a wireless power supply apparatus and particularly to a high power.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前无线供电装置并没有在市场上大规模的生产及销售,其主要原因有:1.装置供电输出端的Q值太高,调试比较困难;2.不能解决在装置体积小的情况下,装置发热的问题;3.线圈的体积过大,不适合生产便携式产品;4.效率不高;5.成本高;基于上述原因,导致无线供电装置无法在便携式领域中大规模生产及使用,而且由于其效率低,导致耗电量大。 [0002] Currently there is no wireless power supply apparatus and large-scale production and sales in the market, the main reasons are: 1 Q output of the value of the supply means is too high, difficult to debug; 2 does not resolve the small size of the device case. , problem of heat generation means; 3 volume coil is too large, not suitable for the production of portable products; 4 inefficient; 5. high cost; the above reasons, not leading to wireless power supply apparatus used in mass production and in the field of portable, and because of its low efficiency, resulting in large power consumption.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是提供一种中大功率无线供电装置,要解决的技术问题是提高工作效率,减小体积,方便生产调试,降低生产成本。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a wireless power supply apparatus of high power, to solve the technical problem is to improve the efficiency, reduce the size, easy commissioning, reduce production costs.

[0004] 为解决上述问题,本发明采用以下技术方案:一种中大功率无线供电装置,包括用于产生电磁波的供电装置和用于接收电磁波并将其转换为电源的受电装置组成,所述供电装置由自动检测控制单元、小功率单元、功率放大单元、发射线圈和指示单元组成,自动检测控制单元与小功率单元、功率放大单元和指示单元连接;小功率单元连接功率放大单元;功率放大单元连接发射线圈; [0004] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention employs the following technical solution: the wireless power supply apparatus, comprising means for generating an electromagnetic wave and a power supply for receiving an electromagnetic wave and converts it into power receiving apparatus power source composition, the said power supply means by the automatic detection control unit, the small-power unit, a power amplification unit, transmitting coils and indicator units, automatically detecting the control unit and the low-power unit, a power amplification unit and the indicating unit is connected; low-power unit is connected to a power amplification unit; power amplifying means connected to the transmit coil;

[0005] 所述受电装置由接收线圈和受电单元组成,接收线圈连接受电单元,功率放大单元的电流通过发射线圈产生电磁波,当接收线圈靠近发射线圈时,接收线圈通过电磁耦合方式与发射线圈无线连接,接收线圈产生电流并通过受电单元为用电设备供电。 [0005] The power receiving means by the receiving coil and the power receiving units, the receiving coil is electrically connected accepting unit, the current unit power amplification by transmitter coil generating an electromagnetic wave, close to the receiving coil when the transmitting coil, receiving coil by electromagnetic coupling with transmitting coil of the wireless connection, and receive coil generates a current through the power receiving unit to power electrical equipment.

[0006] 本发明所述的发射线圈和接收线圈分别由漆包线分别绕成扁平的单层或双层的圆环盘状结构构成。 [0006] The transmitter and receiver coils according to the present invention, respectively, by each enameled wire wound into a flat monolayer or bilayer structure composed of a disc-shaped ring.

[0007] 本发明所述的发射线圈和接收线圈的无线供电距离彡10mm。 [0007] The wireless power transmitter and receiver coils from the present invention San 10mm.

[0008] 本发明所述的电磁波的频率范围为50K-500KHZ。 [0008] The frequency range of the electromagnetic the present invention is a 50K-500KHZ.

[0009] 本发明所述的自动检测控制单元的Ncc端输入24V电压后分别连接第一电容的正极、第一电阻的输入端、第一运算放大器的电源正极、第十五电阻、第二运算放大器的电源正极;第一电容的负极接地,第一电阻的输出端接三端稳压器的I脚;三端稳压器的2脚接地,3脚分五路,第一路经第二电阻接第一发光二极管的正极,第一发光二极管的负极接地;第二路接第一三极管的发射极;第三路经第二电容接地;第四路经第三电容接地;第五路接第一时基芯片的4脚。 [0009] Ncc control unit automatically detects the end of the present invention, the input voltage of 24V are connected to the positive electrode of the first capacitor, an input terminal of the first resistor, the first operational amplifier's positive power supply, a fifteenth resistor, a second operation the positive electrode of the power amplifier; negative ground a first capacitor, the output end of the three-terminal regulator I feet first resistor; ground pin 2 of three-terminal regulator, Rd 3 feet points, the first second path a first resistor connected to the positive electrode of the light emitting diode, a first negative ground light emitting diode; a second passage connected to the emitter of the first transistor; a third pass of the second capacitor is grounded; and a fourth path of the third capacitor is grounded; fifth a first path connected to pin 4 of chip group. 第一时基芯片的5脚经第四电容接地,6脚分别接第二二极管的负极、第一电位器的一端、第一电位器的滑动臂、第五电容的正极以及第一时基芯片的2脚;第五电容的负极接地。 Negative first time base chip pin 5 is grounded through the fourth capacitor, respectively, then the second pin diode 6, the end of the first potentiometer, the potentiometer slide arm of the first, fifth capacitor and a first positive when chip 2 feet; fifth capacitance to ground of the negative electrode. 第一电位器的另一端经第三二极管接第二电位器的滑动臂、第二电位器的一端、第四电阻的一端以及第一时基芯片的7脚。 The other end of the first potentiometer via a third diode-connected second potentiometer slide arm, the foot end of the second potentiometer 7, the end of the fourth resistor and the first time base chip. 第二电位器的另一端接第二二极管的正极,第四电阻的另一端分别接第一时基芯片的8脚和4脚;第一时基芯片的I脚接地;3脚分两路,第一路经第五电阻接地,第二路经第五二极管接第六电阻的一端和接第六二极管的负极;第二三极管的集电极经第三电阻接第一三极管的基极,第二三极管的发射极接地;第一三极管的集电极经第二十一电容接地;第六二极管的正极分两路,一路经第七电阻、第七电容接地,另一路经第七电阻、第八电阻和第四二极管分别连接第一运算放大器的输出端和第九电阻的一端;第一运算放大器的电源负极接地,同相输入端经第十四电阻、第七二极管分别接第十三电阻和第十五电阻的另一端;第十三电阻的另一端接地;第一运算放大器的反向输入端接第九电阻的另一端和经第十六电阻接第十七电阻的一端、第二十九电阻的一端 The other end of the second diode of the positive electrode of the second potentiometer, respectively, the other end of the fourth resistor connected to the first 8 feet and 4 feet base chip; the I grounding pin first time base chip; 3 feet in two way, the first pass of the fifth resistor is grounded, a negative electrode connected to one end of the sixth diode and a second diode connected fifth sixth resistor path; a second transistor via a third resistor connected to the collector of the first a base of the transistor, the second transistor emitter is grounded; collector of the twenty first transistor via a first capacitor to ground; two routes sixth diode cathode, all the way through the seventh resistor , seventh capacitor to ground, the other passing seventh resistor, an eighth resistor and the fourth diode are connected to one end of the output terminal of the first operational amplifier and the ninth resistor; power ground negative first operational amplifier, the noninverting input via a fourteenth resistor, respectively, then the other end of the seventh diode thirteenth and fifteenth resistor resistance; the other end of the thirteenth resistor; the other inverting terminal of first operational amplifier of the ninth resistor and by the end of the sixteenth resistor connected to one end of a seventeenth resistor, one end of the twenty-ninth resistor 和第二运算放大器的输出端相连;第二运算放大器的电源负极接地,同相输入端分别连接第三十电阻的一端和第二十六电阻的一端,第三十电阻的另一端接地;第二运算放大器的反向输入端分别连接第二十九电阻的另一端和第二十七电阻的一端,第二十七电阻的另一端经第二十八电阻接地;Vcc端经第十六电容接地。 And an output terminal connected to the second operational amplifier; power ground second operational amplifier negative input terminal connected with the one ends of the twenty-sixth and thirty-resistance resistor and the other end of the thirtieth resistor; a second inverting input of the operational amplifier are connected to another end of the twenty-ninth resistor and a twenty-seventh resistor, the other end of the twenty-seventh through twenty-eighth resistance grounding resistor; Vcc terminal of the capacitor to ground via a sixteenth .

[0010] 本发明所述的小功率单元的第二时基芯片的4脚分三路,第一路经第十一电阻接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管的集电极和第二十一电容,第二路经第八二极管接地,第三路接第二时基芯片的8脚;第一三极管的集电极经小功率单元的第二十二电容接地;第二时基芯片的2脚经第十电容接地,2脚连接第三电位器的一端和滑动臂;第二时基芯片的3脚分别连接第三电位器的另一端和第十二电阻的一端,第十二电阻的另一端接第三三极管的基极,集电极接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管的集电极,发射极经第十八电阻接地;第二时基芯片的5脚经第九电容接地,6脚分两路,一路经第十电阻接7脚,另一路经第十电容接地,第二时基芯片的I脚接地。 [0010] The present invention is a low-power second time base unit chip 4 feet in three columns, the first path eleventh resistor connected to the first control unit automatically detects the collector of the transistor and twenty a capacitor, a second ground path eighth diode, the third branch 8 connected to the second leg of the base chip; collector of the first transistor via a twenty-second capacitor low power grounding unit; a second time chip 2 via a tenth capacitor to ground pin, pin 2 is connected to one end of the third potentiometer slide arm; the second time base chip pin 3 are connected to another end of the third potentiometer and a twelfth resistor, the first the other end of the third resistor twelve base of the transistor, a collector connected to the collector of the first transistor automatic detection control unit, the emitter electrode via an eighteenth resistor to ground; 5 second time base chip pin grounded via a ninth capacitor, two routes pin 6, all the way through the tenth resistor 7 connected to the foot, the other passing the tenth capacitor to ground, I the ground pin of the second timer chip.

[0011] 本发明所述的功率放大单元的第十九电阻的一端连接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管的集电极,第十九电阻另一端分别经第十一电容接地、经第二十一电阻接地和连接第二十电阻的一端;第二十电阻的另一端分别经第十二电容接小功率单元的第三三极管的集电极、连接第四三极管的基极;第四三极管的发发射极接地,集电极分别连接第一线圈的一端、第十三电容的一端和第十四电容的一端;第一线圈的另一端、第十三电容的另一端均连接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管的集电极;第十四电容的另一端分别连接第二十四电阻的一端和场效应管的栅极;第二十四电阻的另一端分三路,第一路经第十五电容接地,第二路经第二十二电阻接地,第三路经第二十三电阻连接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管的集电极;场效应管的源极接地,漏极分两路,一 [0011] One end of the collector of the first transistor nineteenth resistor power amplifying unit of the present invention, the control unit automatically detects the connection, the other end of the eleventh through nineteenth resistor capacitor are grounded through the second one end connected to ground and resistor eleven twentieth resistor; the other end of the twentieth resistor are connected through the collector of the twelfth capacitor low-power unit of the third transistor connected to the base of the fourth transistor; a fourth transistor hair emitter grounded, the collector connected ends of the first coil, one end of the thirteenth and fourteenth capacitor capacitance; the other end of the first coil, the other end of the thirteenth capacitor are collector of the first transistor is connected to the control unit of the automatic detection; the other end of the fourteenth capacitor are connected to the gate of the field effect transistor and an end of the twenty-fourth resistor; the other end of the three columns of the twenty-fourth resistor the first path fifteenth capacitor is grounded, a second grounding path twenty-second resistor, a third passing a twenty-third resistor connected to the collector of the first transistor automatic detection control unit; FET source grounded, and a drain two routes, a 路经第十七电容分别连接第十八电容的一端和第二十五电阻的一端,另一路连发射线圈的一端,发射线圈的另一端连接第十八电容的一端,第十八电容的另一端接地;第二十五电阻的另一端分别连接自动检测控制单元的第二十六电阻的另一端和Vcc端;所述自动检测控制单元的第二十七电阻的另一端经第十八电容接地。 Passing an end of the eighteenth seventeenth capacitance capacitors are connected to one end of a twenty-fifth resistor, one end connected to the transmit coil, the other end of the transmit coil is connected to another passage of the end of the eighteenth capacitor, another capacitor eighteenth connected to ground; the other end are connected to a twenty-fifth resistor control unit automatically detects the Vcc terminal and the other end of the twenty-sixth resistor; other end of the twenty-seventh resistor automatic detection control unit via a capacitor eighteenth ground.

[0012] 本发明所述的指示单元的第六三极管的集电极连接自动检测控制单元的Vcc脚,自动检测控制单元的第十七电阻的另一端接第六三极管的基极,发射极经第九二极管分别连接第十一二极管的负极以及经第三十一电阻接第十发光二极管的正极;第十一二极管的正极连接第十三二极管的负极以及经第三十二电阻连接第十二发光二极管的正极;第十三二极管的正极连接第十五二极管的负极以及经第三十三电阻接第十四发光二极管的正极;第十五二极管的正极连接第十七二极管的负极以及经第三十四电阻接第十六发光二极管的正极;第十七二极管的正极连接第十九二极管的负极以及经第三十五电阻接第十八发光二极管的正极;第十九二极管的正极经第三十六电阻接第二十发光二极管的正极,第二十发光二极管的负极连接第十八发光二极管、第十六发光二 [0012] The sixth transistor is connected to the collector of the control unit automatically detects the Vcc pin of the instruction unit of the present invention, the other end of the seventeenth resistor control unit of the automatic detection of a sixth transistor base, emitter connected via an eleventh diode ninth diode and a cathode connected to the positive electrode via a tenth resistor thirty light emitting diodes; negative positive diode is connected to a thirteenth eleventh diode and a positive electrode is connected via a twelfth resistor thirty second light emitting diode; diode connected to the positive thirteenth and fifteenth diode cathode connected to the positive electrode via a fourteenth resistor thirty third light emitting diode; a first seventeenth diode connected to the positive anode, and the diode fifteen through thirty-fourth resistor connected to the positive electrode of the sixteenth light-emitting diode; a seventeenth diode cathode connected to the cathode of the diode and the nineteenth thirty-fifth through eighteenth resistor to the positive electrode of the light emitting diode; a positive nineteenth through thirty-sixth diode cathode connected to resistor twenty light-emitting diode, light emitting diode cathode is connected to the twenty-emitting eighteenth diodes, light emitting sixteenth 极管、第十四发光二极管、第十二发光二极管以及第十发光二极管的负极。 Diode, a fourteenth light emitting diodes, light emitting diodes, and cathode twelfth tenth light emitting diode.

[0013] 本发明所述的受电单元的整流桥的2脚经第四线圈接第十九电容的正极和接DCOUTl脚,第十九电容的负极连接DC0UT2脚;整流桥的4脚接DC0UT2脚;1脚分别连接接收线圈的一端和第二十电容的一端;接收线圈的另一端和第二十电容的另一端接整流桥的3脚,该DCOUTl脚和DC0UT2脚与用电设备连接。 [0013] The power reception unit of the rectifier bridge of the foot 2 of the present invention connected via a fourth coil connected to the positive electrode and the capacitor nineteenth DCOUTl pin, the nineteenth pin capacitance connected to the negative DC0UT2; 4 feet rectifier bridge connected DC0UT2 pin; pin 1 are connected to one end of the receiving coil and one end of the twenty capacitors; 3 feet the other end of the rectifier bridge and the other end of the twenty-receiving coil capacitance, and the foot DCOUTl DC0UT2 electrical equipment connected to the foot.

[0014] 本发明所述的发射线圈和接收线圈的外径为40mm,内径为IOmm的单层线圈,所述漆包线直径为O. 6mm ;三端稳压器采用7812型三端稳压集成电路;第一三极管采用8550型PNP晶体三极管、第二三极管、第三三极管采用8050型NPN晶体三极管;第一时基芯片和第二时基芯片采用NE555型8脚时基集成电路;第二、第三、第四、第五、第六、第七二极管采用4148型半导体二极管;第八二极管采用5. IV稳压二极管、第九二极管采用9. IV稳压二极管;第十一二极管、第十三二极管、第十五二极管、第十七二极管、第十九二极管采用2V稳压二极管;第六三极管采用NPN型三极管;第四三极管采用13003型三极管;场效应管采用IRF640型的耗尽型N-MOS场效应管;第一运算放大器和第二运算放大器采用LM358型双运算放大器。 [0014] The outer diameter of the transmitter and receiver coils according to the present invention is of 40mm, an inner diameter of the single coil IOmm, the enameled wire diameter is O. 6mm; 7812 using three-terminal regulator type three-terminal regulator IC ; first transistor PNP type transistor using 8550, a second transistor, a third transistor 8050 using NPN type transistor; the first and second time base chip NE555 timer chip using 8-pin integrated yl circuit; a second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh diode using semiconductor diode 4148; 5. IV eighth diode using zener diode, using the ninth diode 9. IV Zener diode; diode eleventh, thirteenth diode, a diode fifteenth, seventeenth diode, a diode using a nineteenth 2V Zener diode; and a sixth transistor using NPN transistor; the fourth transistor 13003 using type transistor; FET IRF640 type using a depletion-type N-MOS FET; a first operational amplifier and a second type of operational amplifiers LM358 dual op-amp.

[0015] 本发明与现有技术相比,采用盘形的线圈做为供受电线圈,频率范围在50-500KHZ的电磁波作为能量传送,能够满足电磁辐射标准,降低Q值并且获得较大功率的传输;采用自动检测控制单元能够自动检测装置的供电与断电时间,提高装置的工作效率,能够适合大规模生产,生产成本低。 [0015] Compared with the prior art, the disc-shaped coil as a receiving coil for the frequency range of the electromagnetic wave as energy transfer 50-500KHZ to meet the standards for electromagnetic radiation, and the larger the Q value to reduce the power transmission; automatic detection control unit to automatically detect the power-off time of the power supply apparatus, improve the efficiency of the device, suitable for mass production is possible, production cost is low.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图I是本发明的电路结构框图。 [0016] Figure I is a block diagram of the present invention.

[0017] 图2是本发明的电路图。 [0017] FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram of the present invention.

[0018] 图3是本发明的供受电线圈的结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the electrical coil of the present invention for receiving.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0019] 下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明。 Drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail [0019] below in conjunction.

[0020] 如图I所示,本发明的中大功率无线供电装置由用于产生电磁波的供电装置和用于接收电磁波并将其转换为电源的受电装置组成,其中: [0020] As shown in FIG I, the wireless power supply apparatus according to the present invention, power generated by the power supply for the electromagnetic waves and means for receiving an electromagnetic wave and converts it into power receiving apparatus power source, of which:

[0021] 供电装置由自动检测控制单元、小功率单元、功率放大单元、发射线圈和指示单元组成,自动检测控制单元与小功率单元、功率放大单元连接;自动检测控制单元还与指示单元连接,小功率单元连接功率放大单元;功率放大单元连接发射线圈; [0021] The power supply device by the automatic detection control unit, the small-power unit, a power amplification unit, transmitting coils and indicator units, automatically detecting the control unit and the low-power unit, a power amplifying unit is connected; automatic detection control unit is further connected to the instruction unit, small power unit is connected to a power amplification unit; transmitting coil connected to a power amplifying unit;

[0022] 受电装置由接收线圈和受电单元组成,所述发射线圈和接收线圈是由两条漆包线分别绕成扁平的单层或双层的圆环盘状结构,接收线圈连接受电单元,功率放大单元的电流通过发射线圈产生电磁波,当接收线圈靠近发射线圈时,接收线圈通过电磁耦合方式与发射线圈无线连接,接收线圈产生电流并通过受电单元为用电设备供电。 [0022] The power receiving means by the receiving coil and the power receiving units, the transmit and receive coils are wound by two enameled wire into a flat disc-shaped single or double ring structure, the receiving coil unit is connected electrically to accept , current of the power amplifying unit generates an electromagnetic wave through the transmitting coil, receiving coil when close to the transmitter coil, a receiving coil by electromagnetic coupling with a wireless connection transmitting coil, receiving coil, and generates a current through the power receiving unit to power electrical equipment.

[0023] 所述用电设备是现有技术中的用电的电器,例如手机、热水壶等常规设备。 [0023] The electrical device is a prior art electrical appliances, such as mobile phones, and other conventional kettle equipment.

[0024] 所述发射线圈与接收线圈同心且处于平行时,接收线圈产生电流。 [0024] When the transmit coil and the receiving coil is concentric and parallel to the receiving coil generates a current.

[0025] 所述发射线圈和接收线圈的无线供电距离彡10mm。 The [0025] transmitter and receiver coils of the wireless power feeding from San 10mm. [0026] 如图2所示,所述自动检测控制单元的Vcc端输入24V电压后分别连接第一电容Cl的正极、第一电阻Rl的输入端、第一运算放大器U4的电源正极、第十五电阻R15、第二运算放大器U5的电源正极;第一电容Cl的负极接地,第一电阻Rl的输出端接三端稳压器Ul的I脚(Vin);三端稳压器Ul的2脚接地(GND),3脚(Vout)分五路,第一路经第二电阻R2接第一发光二极管Dl的正极,第一发光二极管Dl的负极接地;第二路接第一三极管Ql的发射极;第三路经第二电容C2接地;第四路经第三电容C3接地;第五路接第一时基芯片U2的4脚。 [0026] 2, are connected to the positive electrode of the first capacitor Cl of the control unit automatically detects the Vcc terminal input voltage of 24V, the input terminal of the first resistor Rl, the positive power of the first operational amplifier U4, X five resistors R15, the second operational amplifier U5, the positive power; a first negative ground capacitor Cl, the output of the first terminating resistor Rl three-terminal regulator Ul I-foot (Vin); three-terminal regulator Ul 2 a ground pin (GND), 3 feet (Vout) Rd points, a first path connected to the second resistor R2 of the positive electrode of the first light emitting diode Dl, the first light emitting diode Dl anode grounded; a second passage connected to the first transistor emitter electrode of Ql; third pass the second capacitor C2 is grounded; third capacitor C3 is grounded fourth path; fifth passage contact pin 4 first time base chip U2. 第一时基芯片U2的5脚经第四电容接地,6脚分别接第二二极管D2的负极、第一电位器VRl的一端、第一电位器VRl的滑动臂、第五电容C5的正极以及第一时基芯片U2的2脚;第五电容C5的负极接地。 First time base 5 feet negative chip U2 is grounded through the fourth capacitor, the second diode D2 connected to pin 6, respectively, an end of the first potentiometer VRl, a first slide arm of potentiometer VRl, a fifth capacitor C5 a positive electrode and a first time base chip U2 pin 2; negative ground fifth capacitor C5. 第一电位器VRl的另一端经第三二极管D3接第二电位器VR2的滑动臂、第二电位器VR2的一端、第四电阻R4的一端以及第一时基芯片U2的7脚。 The other end of the first potentiometer VRl connected via a third diode D3 of the second slide arm of the potentiometer VR2, the second end of the potentiometer VR2, one end of the fourth resistor R4 and the first time base chip pin 7 of U2. 第二电位器VR2的另一端接第二二极管D2的正极,第四电阻R4的另一端分别接第一时基芯片U2的8脚和4脚;第一时基芯片U2的I脚接地;3脚分两路,第一路经第五电阻R5接地,第二路经第五二极管D5接第六电阻R6的一端和接第六二极管D6的负极;第二三极管Q2的集电极经第三电阻R3接第一三极管Ql的基极,第二三极管Q2的发射极接地;第一三极管Ql的集电极经第二十一电容C21接地;第六二极管D6的正极分两路,一路经第七电阻R7、第七电容接地,另一路经第七电阻R7、第八电阻R8和第四二极管D4分别连接第一运算放大器U4的输出端和第九电阻R9的一端;第一运算放大器U4的电源负极接地,同相输入端经第十四电阻R14、第七二极管D7分别接第十三电阻R13和第十五电阻R15的另一端;第十三电阻R13的另一端接地;第一运算放大器U4的反向输入端接第九电阻R9的另一端和经第十 The other end of the positive electrode of the second potentiometer VR2 second diode D2, the other end of the fourth resistor R4 are connected to pin 8 of the first time base chip U2 and 4 feet; first time base chip U2 ground pin I ; 3 feet by two routes, the fifth resistor R5 is grounded first path, a second path connected to the fifth diode D5 and the sixth resistor R6 is connected to one end of a sixth diode D6 the negative electrode; a second transistor collector of Q2 through the third resistor R3 is connected to the base electrode of the first transistor Ql, the second transistor Q2 is grounded emitter; a first collector of transistor Ql via a twenty-first capacitor C21 to ground; first six two routes diode D6 cathode, all the way through the seventh resistor R7, a seventh capacitor to ground, the other passing seventh resistor R7, an eighth resistor R8 and a fourth diode D4 are connected to the first operational amplifier U4, One end of the ninth resistor R9 and an output terminal; a first negative power operational amplifier U4 is grounded, inverting input terminal via a fourteenth resistor R14, a seventh diode D7 are connected a thirteenth resistor R13 and fifteenth resistor R15 the other end; other end of the thirteenth resistor R13; the other terminal of the first operational amplifier inverting input terminal U4, via the ninth resistor R9 and a tenth 六电阻R16接第十七电阻R17的一端、第二十九电阻R29的一端和第二运算放大器U5的输出端相连;第二运算放大器U5的电源负极接地,同相输入端分别连接第三十电阻R30的一端和第二十六电阻R26的一端,第三十电阻R30的另一端接地;第二运算放大器U5的反向输入端分别连接第二十九电阻R29的另一端和第二十七电阻R27的一端,第二十七电阻R27的另一端经第二十八电阻R28接地;Vcc端经第十六电容C16接地; Six seventeenth resistor R16 connected to one end of resistor R17, connected to the output end of the twenty-ninth resistor R29 and a second operational amplifier U5; a second operational amplifier U5 and the negative power supply ground, respectively connected to the noninverting input resistor thirtieth one ends of the R30 and the resistor R26 to the twenty-sixth, thirty other end of resistor R30; inverting input terminal of the second operational amplifier U5 is respectively connected to the other end of the twenty-ninth resistor R29 and a twenty-seventh resistor One end of R27, the other end of the resistor R27 to the twenty-seventh through twenty-eighth resistor R28 to ground; Vcc terminal of capacitor C16 is grounded through the sixteenth;

[0027] 在此电路中,放大电路由第二运算放大器U5、第二十六电阻R26、第二十七电阻R27、第二十八电阻R28、第二十九电阻R29和第三十电阻R30组成;比较电路由第一运算放大器U4与第十三电阻R13、第十四电阻R14、第十五电阻R15、第七二极管D7、第九电阻R9和第十六电阻R16组成;电源控制开关由第一三极管Ql和第二三极管Q2经第三电阻R3相连后组成; [0027] In this circuit, a second amplifying circuit by the operational amplifier U5, the twenty-sixth resistor R26, the twenty-seventh resistor R27, the twenty-eighth resistor R28, twenty-ninth and thirtieth resistor R29 resistor R30 composition; a first comparator circuit operational amplifier U4 and a thirteenth resistor R13, fourteenth resistor R14, a fifteenth resistor R15, a seventh diode D7, a ninth resistor R9, resistor R16 and a sixteenth composition; power control a first switching transistor Ql and the second transistor Q2 is connected via the third resistor R3 form;

[0028] 小功率单元的第二时基芯片U3的4脚分三路,第一路经第i^一电阻Rll接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管Ql的集电极和第二十一电容C21,第二路经第八二极管D8接地,第三路接第二时基芯片U3的8脚;第一三极管Ql的集电极经小功率单元的第二十二电容C22接地;第二时基芯片U3的2脚经第十电容ClO接地,2脚连接第三电位器VR3的一端和滑动臂;第二时基芯片U3的3脚分别连接第三电位器VR3的另一端和第十二电阻R12的一端,第十二电阻R12的另一端接第三三极管Q3的基极,集电极接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管Ql的集电极,发射极经第十八电阻R18接地;第二时基芯片U3的5脚经第九电容接地,6脚分两路,一路经第十电阻RlO接7脚,另一路经第十电容ClO接地,第二时基芯片U3的I脚接地; [0028] When the second low-power base units 4 feet chip U3, three columns, a first path a first resistor Rll i ^ a collector electrode connected to the control unit of the automatic detection of the first transistor Ql and the twenty-one capacitor C21, the eighth diode D8 of the second ground path, a third path connected to the second time base chip U3 8 feet; collector of the first transistor Ql via a twenty-second capacitor C22 is grounded small power unit ; second time base chip U3 pin 2 via a tenth capacitor ClO ground, pin 2 is connected to one end of the third potentiometer VR3 and a slide arm; the second time base chip pin 3 of U3 are connected to the other end of the third potentiometer VR3 and one end of the twelfth resistor R12, a twelfth resistor R12 the other end of the base of the third transistor Q3, a collector connected to the collector of the first transistor Ql automatic detection control unit through the first emitter eighteen resistor R18 to ground; the second time base chip U3 pin 5 is grounded via a ninth capacitor, two routes 6 feet, then all the way through the tenth resistor RlO to pin 7, a tenth capacitor ClO another path to ground, the second time base I chip U3 foot ground;

[0029] 功率放大单元的第十九电阻R19的一端连接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管Ql的集电极,另一端分别经第十一电容Cll接地、经第二十一电阻R21接地和连接第二十电阻R20的一端;第二十电阻R20的另一端分别经第十二电容C12接小功率单元的第三三极管Q3的集电极、连接第四三极管Q4的基极;第四三极管Q4的发射极接地,集电极分别连接第一线圈LI的一端、第十三电容C13的一端和第十四电容C14的一端;第一线圈LI的另一端、第十三电容C13的另一端均连接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管Ql的集电极;第十四电容C14的另一端分别连接第二十四电阻R24的一端和场效应管Q5的栅极;第二十四电阻R24的另一端分三路,第一路经第十五电容Cl5接地,第二路经第二十二电阻R22接地,第三路经第二十三电阻R23连接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管Ql的集电极;场效应管Q5的源极 [0029] The collector of transistor Ql and the other end of the first end of the nineteenth resistor R19 connected to the power amplifying units are automatically detected by the control unit of the eleventh capacitor Cll ground via a twenty-first resistor R21 and to ground One end of the twentieth resistor R20 is connected; the other end of the twentieth resistor R20 are connected via the collector of the twelfth capacitor C12 low-power unit of the third transistor Q3 is connected to the base of the fourth transistor Q4 is; transmitting the fourth transistor Q4 is grounded, the collector is connected to one end of a first coil LI, the capacitor C13 and the one ends of the thirteenth to the fourteenth capacitor C14; and the other end of the first coil LI, the thirteenth capacitor the other end of the first transistor Ql C13 are connected to the control unit automatically detects the collector; the other end of the fourteenth capacitor C14 are connected to the gate of the field effect transistor Q5 and one end of a twenty-fourth resistor R24; a second the other end of resistor R24 ​​fourteen three columns, a first path Cl5 fifteenth capacitor is grounded, a second grounding path twenty-second resistor R22, the third resistor R23 is connected to a twenty-third path detection control unit automatically the collector of the first transistor Ql; source of the FET Q5 is 地,漏极分两路,一路经第十七电容C17分别连接第十八电容C18的一端和第二十五电阻R25的一端,另一路连发射线圈L2的一端,发射线圈L2的另一端连接第十八电容C18的一端,第十八电容C18的另一端接地;第二十五电阻R25的另一端分别连接自动检测控制单元的第二十六电阻R26的另一端和Vcc端;所述自动检测控制单元的第二十七电阻的另一端经第十八电容C18接地; , The drain of two routes, all the way through the seventeenth capacitor C17 are connected to one end of the capacitor C18 and one end of the eighteenth resistor R25 to the twenty-fifth, one end connected to a transmit coil L2, the other end of the transmitting coil L2 is connected to the other path One end of the capacitor C18 of the eighteenth, the other end of the capacitor C18 eighteenth; the other end of a twenty-fifth resistor R25 are connected to the control unit automatically detects the Vcc terminal and the other end of the resistor R26 to the twenty-sixth; the automatic another twenty-seventh resistor control unit detects the end of the eighteenth through capacitor C18 to ground;

[0030] 指示单元的第六三极管Q6的集电极连接自动检测控制单元的Vcc脚,自动检测控制单元的第十七电阻R17的另一端接第六三极管Q6的基极,发射极经第九二极管D9分别连接第十一二极管Dll的负极以及经第三十一电阻R31接第十发光二极管DlO的正极;第十一二极管Dll的正极连接第十三二极管D13的负极以及经第三十二电阻R32连接第十二发光二极管D12的正极;第十三二极管D13的正极连接第十五二极管D15的负极以及经第三十三电阻R33接第十四发光二极管D14的正极;第十五二极管D15的正极连接第十七二极管D17的负极以及经第三十四电阻R34接第十六发光二极管D16的正极;第十七二极管D17的正极连接第十九二极管D19的负极以及经第三十五电阻R35接第十八发光二极管D18的正极;第十九二极管D19的正极经第三十六电阻R36接第二十发光二极管D20的正极,第二十发光二极管D20 [0030] The collector of the sixth transistor Q6 is connected to the control unit automatically detects the Vcc pin of the indication means, the control unit automatically detects a seventeenth resistor the other end of R17 base of the transistor Q6, a sixth emitter, the ninth diode D9 is connected via an eleventh diode Dll and the negative electrode by the thirty-first resistor R31 connected to the positive electrode of the tenth light emitting diode DlO; diode anode is connected to the eleventh to the thirteenth diode Dll D13 and the anode tube through the thirty-second resistor R32 connected to the positive electrode of the twelfth LED D12; the diode D13 is connected to the positive electrode thirteenth fifteenth through the diode D15 and the cathode of the thirty-third resistor R33 connected a light emitting diode D14 of the fourteenth positive electrode; cathode fifteenth diode D15 and the cathode of the diode is connected to the seventeenth through the thirty-fourth resistor R34 D17 D16 cathode connected to the light emitting diode of the sixteenth; two seventeenth a negative electrode and the thirty-fifth through the nineteenth resistor R35 connected to the positive pole of the diode D19 is connected to the positive electrode tube D17 D18 eighteenth light emitting diode; a nineteenth diode D19 anode through a resistor R36 connected to the thirty-sixth twenty positive electrode of the light emitting diode D20, twenty light-emitting diodes D20 的负极连接第十八发光二极管D18、第十六发光二极管D16、第十四发光二极管D14、第十二发光二极管D12以及第十发光二极管DlO的负极; A light emitting diode connected to the negative eighteenth D18, sixteenth light-emitting diode D16, a fourteenth LED D14, D12, and twelfth tenth light emitting diode emitting diode DlO negative electrode;

[0031] 受电单元的整流桥BR的2脚经第四线圈L4接第十九电容C19的正极和接DCOUTl脚,DCOUTl脚连接用电设备;第十九电容C19的负极连接DC0UT2脚;整流桥BR的4脚接DC0UT2脚,DC0UT2脚连接用电设备;1脚分别连接接收线圈L3的一端和第二十电容C20的一端;接收线圈L3的另一端和第二十电容C20的另一端接整流桥BR的3脚,该DCOUTl脚和DC0UT2脚与用电设备连接。 [0031] The bridge rectifier BR 2 feet power receiving unit connected via the fourth coil L4 and the positive electrode of the nineteenth capacitors C19 DCOUTl contact pins, DCOUTl electrical equipment connected to the foot; nineteenth capacitors C19 connected to the negative pin DC0UT2; rectifying bridge BR is connected to pin 4 DC0UT2 pin, DC0UT2 connecting pin electrical equipment; pin 1 are connected to one ends of the receiving coil L3 and capacitor C20 of twenty; the other end of the other end of the receiving coil L3 and capacitor C20 of the twentieth 3 feet of the bridge rectifier BR, the DCOUTl DC0UT2 feet and legs connected to the electrical equipment.

[0032] 如图3所示,发射线圈和接收线圈由现有技术的漆包线绕成单层或双层重叠的圆环盘状结构,其圆心为空心,以获得大功率的高效率传输,线圈下端的两个触角与功率放大单元及受电单元连接,频率范围为50K-500KHZ的电磁波。 [0032] 3, transmitter and receiver coils by the prior art magnet wire wound in a single or double annular disc-like structure overlapping with a center of a hollow, in order to obtain high efficiency of the power transmission coil two antennae and the lower end of the power amplifying unit and the power receiving unit is connected, the frequency range of the electromagnetic 50K-500KHZ.

[0033] 作为最佳实施例:漆包线直径为O. 6mm,发射线圈L2和接收线圈L3的外径为40mm,内径为IOmm的单层线圈,电感量为10UH,通过电流为2安培;三端稳压器采用7812型三端稳压集成电路;第一三极管Ql采用8550型PNP晶体三极管、第二三极管Q2、第三三极管Q3采用8050型NPN晶体三极管;第一时基芯片U2和第二时基芯片U3采用NE555型8脚时基集成电路;第二、第三、第四、第五、第六、第七二极D1-D7管采用4148型半导体二极管;第八二极管采用5. IV稳压二极管、第九二极管采用9. IV稳压二极管、第十一、第十三、第十五、第十七、第十九二极管采用2V稳压二极管;第六三极管Q6采用NPN型三极管;第四三极管Q4采用13003型三极管;场效应管Q5采用IRF640型的耗尽型N-MOS场效应管;第一运算放大器U4和第二运算放大器U5采用LM358型双运算放大器。 [0033] As a preferred embodiment: enameled wire having a diameter of O. 6mm, the outer diameter of the transmit coil L2 and receiving coil L3 of 40mm, an inner diameter of the single coil IOmm inductance of 10uH, by 2 amperes current; three-terminal regulator using 7812-type three-terminal regulator IC; a first PNP transistor Ql using 8550 type transistor, a second transistor Q2, the third NPN transistor Q3 using 8050-type transistor; first time base chip U2 and U3 using the second time base chip pin 8 when the group type NE555 integrated circuit; a second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh diodes D1-D7 type semiconductor diode tube with 4148; eighth 5. IV diode using zener diode, a ninth diode using zener diode 9. IV, eleventh, thirteenth, fifteenth, seventeenth, nineteenth regulator diode using 2V a diode; and a sixth transistor Q6 employed NPN transistor; the fourth transistor Q4 is employed 13003 type transistor; Q5 FET IRF640 type using a depletion-type N-MOS FET; a first and a second operational amplifier U4 using LM358 op amp U5 dual op amp.

[0034] 本发明的工作原理如下:自动检测控制单元的Vcc输入24V,加电后,第一双运算放大器U4和第二双运算放大器U5工作,经第二十五电阻R25向场效应管Q5的漏极和发射线圈L2供电,此时场效应管Q5和发射线圈L2处于待机状态;24V电压经三端稳压器Ul降压、稳压后输出12V稳定电压,向第一时基芯片U2供电,第一时基芯片U2输出脉冲信号,调节第一电位器VRl和第二电位器VR2使脉冲周期为10S,占空比为1/10,即高电平为1S,低电平为9S的脉冲信号,用于控制由第一三极管Ql和第二三极管Q2组成的电源控制开关,当脉冲高电平时,第一三极管Ql导通,向第二时基芯片U3、第三三极管Q3、第四三极管Q4和场效应管Q5供电,在无负载时,设置第十九R19、第二i^一电阻R21、第二十二电阻R22和第二十三电阻R23使电流在200mA以内,调节第三电位器VR3使第二时基芯片U3的振荡频率在255KH [0034] The working principle of the present invention is as follows: Vcc input of the control unit automatically detects 24V, after power up, the first and second dual operational amplifier U4 U5 dual op amp work, the twenty-fifth through resistor R25 to the field effect transistor Q5 the drain of power transmission coils L2, FETs Q5 and at this time the transmit coil L2 are in a standby state; 24V voltage Ul via the three-terminal regulator buck, the regulated output voltage of 12V stably to the first time base chip U2 power supply, a first timer chip U2 outputs a pulse signal, adjusting the first and second potentiometer VRl potentiometer VR2 pulse period 10S, the duty ratio is 1/10, i.e., high level 1S, 9S low level pulse signal for controlling the power control switch of a first transistor Ql and the second transistor Q2 composition, when a high level pulse, the first transistor Ql is turned on, the second time base chip U3, a third transistor Q3, a fourth transistor Q4 and Q5 FET power at no load, disposed nineteenth R19, i ^ a second resistor R21, a twenty-second and twenty-third resistor R22 resistor R23 within current 200mA, a third regulator potentiometer VR3 so that the second time base chip U3 oscillation frequency 255KH Z ;第二运算放大器U5与第二十六至三十电阻R26-R30组成放大电路,放大来自第二十五电阻R25两端的电压,而第一运算放大器U4与第十三至第十五电阻R13-R15及第七二极管D7,第九电阻R9和第十六电阻R16组成比较电路,比较来自放大电路放大后的电压;当接收线圈L3远离发射线圈L2不在电磁辐射范围内时,即系统为空载,系统电流较小,流过第二十五电阻R25的电流产生的压降经第二运算放大器U5放大后不足以翻转比较电路,无法驱动指示单元的LED,则IS后第一三极管Ql关闭,系统重新回到待机状态。 The Z; second operational amplifier U5 and sixteen to thirty second resistors R26-R30 composition amplifier circuit amplifies the voltage from both ends of a twenty-fifth resistor R25, and the first operational amplifier U4 and the thirteenth to fifteenth resistor R13-R15 and the seventh diode D7, a ninth resistor R9, resistor R16 and a sixteenth composition comparator circuit that compares the voltage from the amplification circuit; and when not within the transmit coil L2 L3 range of electromagnetic radiation away from the receiver coil, i.e. system is a load, the system current is small, the current flowing through the resistor R25 to generate a twenty-fifth pressure drop through the second operational amplifier inverting comparator U5 insufficient amplifying circuit, can not drive the LED indication units, the first to iS transistor Ql shut down the system back to standby mode.

[0035] 当接收线圈L3在发射线圈L2的电磁辐射范围内时,并且接收线圈L3平行放在发射线圈线圈L2上方2mm内处,并使其处于同心时,系统处于负载待机状态,来自第一时基芯片U2输出脉冲信号控制第一三极管Ql导通瞬间,流过第二十五电阻R25的电流产生的压降经第二运算放大器U5放大后翻转比较电路,输出的高电平通过第四二极管D4、第八电阻R8、第七电阻R7和第六二极管D6控制第一三极管Ql处于并保持导通状态,这时来自第一时基芯片U2的脉冲信号不起作用;因为第六电阻R6与第六二极管D6的连接处在比较电路的第一运算放大器U4翻转前一直是高电平,这种状态并不以通过第五二极管D5的来自第一时基芯片U2的脉冲状态而改变.且第一运算放大器U4输出的高电平同时给第七电容C7充电,调整第七电容C7和第七电阻R7的值,使第一运算放大器U4输出低电平后,第一三 [0035] When the receiving coil L3 of the electromagnetic radiation in the range of the transmit coil L2 and receiving coil L3 of the transmit coil placed in parallel with the coil L2 over 2mm, and when it is concentric, the system is in standby mode load from the first when chip U2 outputs a pulse signal to control the first transistor Ql is turned on instantaneously, the current flowing through the resistor R25 to generate a twenty-fifth pressure drop through the second inverting operational amplifier U5 amplifying comparator circuit outputs a high level through the fourth diode D4, the eighth resistor R8, a seventh resistor R7 and the sixth diode D6 and the control of the first transistor Ql remains in a conducting state, then the pulse signal from the first time base chip U2 is not function; because the former sixth resistor R6 and the sixth diode D6 are connected in a first comparator circuit has an operational amplifier U4 inversion is high, this state is not from the fifth through diode D5 first time base pulse condition of chip U2 is changed. the first operational amplifier U4 and a high level output while the seventh capacitor C7 charging, the seventh capacitor C7 adjustment value and a seventh resistor R7, the first operational amplifier U4 after the output low, the first three 管Ql能够保持导通状态,例如:3分钟(也可以是其它时间)以确保接收线圈L3与发射线圈L2临时短时间移动时,系统仍然保持工作;同时,系统在工作时,第二运算放大器U5放大输出端的电压通过第六三极管Q6驱动指示单元的LED灯,LED灯点亮的个数反映第二运算放大器U5放大输出电压的高低,根据LED灯的开启个数反映接收线圈L3是否摆放在最佳位置;通过调整第十三电阻R13和第十五电阻R15能改变比较器基准电压,用以控制系统在多大功率时进入工作状态。 Tube Ql conducting state can be maintained, for example: 3 minutes (other times may be) to ensure that the receiving coil L3 and a short temporary mobile transmit coil L2, the system remains active; Meanwhile, when the system is working, the second operational amplifier U5 amplified voltage output of the sixth transistor Q6 driven by the LED indication units, the number of lit LED light reflected U5 amplified output voltage level of the second operational amplifier, the receiving coil L3 to reflect whether the LED lamp is turned on according to the number placed at the optimum position; adjustment of the thirteenth through fifteenth resistor R13 and resistor R15 can change the reference voltage of the comparator to the control system into operation at much power.

[0036] 本发明采用频率范围为50K-500KHZ的电磁波作能量传送,这是因为在此频率范围内元器件价格低廉,线圈体积小,并Q值可适当降低,生产时很容易匹配;本发明可保证供受电线圈距离IOmm以内,功率50W时传输效率高于50%,2mm内时甚至超过80%.另外,由于采用小线圈,在此频率范围内的电磁幅射非常微弱,很容易满足各国的电磁幅射标准。 [0036] The present invention is an electromagnetic wave with a frequency in the range of 50K-500KHZ for the transfer of energy, because in this frequency range components of low price, small coil volume, and the Q value can be appropriately reduced, it is easy to match the production; present invention guaranteed within coil for receiving from IOmm, 50W when the power transmission efficiency is higher than 50%, 2mm even within more than 80%. Further, since a small coil, electromagnetic radiation in this frequency range is very weak, easily satisfied electromagnetic radiation national standards.

Claims (10)

1. 一种中大功率无线供电装置,包括用于产生电磁波的供电装置和用于接收电磁波并将其转换为电源的受电装置组成,其特征在于:所述供电装置由自动检测控制单元、小功率单元、功率放大单元、发射线圈和指示单元组成,自动检测控制单元与小功率单元、功率放大单元和指示单元连接;小功率单元连接功率放大单元;功率放大单元连接发射线圈; 所述受电装置由接收线圈和受电单元组成,接收线圈连接受电单元,功率放大单元的电流通过发射线圈产生电磁波,当接收线圈靠近发射线圈时,接收线圈通过电磁耦合方式与发射线圈无线连接,接收线圈产生电流并通过受电单元为用电设备供电。 A high-power wireless power supply apparatus comprising a power supply for generating an electromagnetic wave and means for receiving an electromagnetic wave and converts it into power receiving apparatus power source, and is characterized in that: said power supply means is detected by the automatic control unit, small power unit, a power amplification unit, and a transmitting coil units indicated, the control unit automatically detects and low-power unit, a power amplifying unit and indicating means connected; low-power unit is connected to a power amplification unit; transmitting coil connected to a power amplifying unit; the receiving electric apparatus by the receiving coil and the power receiving units, the receiving coil joint support power unit, the current unit power amplification to generate an electromagnetic wave by the transmit coil, when receiving coil close to the transmitter coil, a receiving coil is connected by electromagnetic coupling with the transmitter coil of the wireless receiving generating a current through the coil and the power receiving unit to power electrical equipment.
2.根据权利要求I所述的中大功率无线供电装置,其特征在于:所述发射线圈和接收线圈分别由漆包线分别绕成扁平的单层或双层的圆环盘状结构构成。 The high-power wireless power supply apparatus according to claim I, wherein: the transmitting and receiving coils are made of enameled wire are wound into a flat monolayer or bilayer structure composed of a disc-shaped ring.
3.根据权利要求2所述的中大功率无线供电装置,其特征在于:所述发射线圈和接收线圈的无线供电距离< 10mm。 3. In the wireless power supply apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: said transmitter and receiver coils of the wireless power supply distance <10mm.
4.根据权利要求3所述的中大功率无线供电装置,其特征在于:所述电磁波的频率范围为50K-500KHZ。 The high-power wireless power supply apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the electromagnetic wave frequency in the range of 50K-500KHZ.
5.根据权利要求4所述的中大功率无线供电装置,其特征在于:所述自动检测控制单兀的Vcc端输入24V电压后分别连接第一电容(Cl)的正极、第一电阻(Rl)的输入端、第一运算放大器(U4)的电源正极、第十五电阻(R15)、第二运算放大器(U5)的电源正极;第一电容(Cl)的负极接地,第一电阻(Rl)的输出端接三端稳压器(Ul)的I脚(Vin);三端稳压器(Ul)的2脚接地(GND),3脚(Vout)分五路,第一路经第二电阻(R2)接第一发光二极管(Dl)的正极,第一发光二极管(Dl)的负极接地;第二路接第一三极管(Ql)的发射极;第三路经第二电容(C2)接地;第四路经第三电容(C3)接地;第五路接第一时基芯片(U2)的4脚。 The high-power wireless power supply apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: a first capacitor are connected to a positive electrode (Cl) after the Vcc terminal of the control unit automatically detects Wu 24V input voltage, a first resistor (Rl ) input of the first operational amplifier positive power source (U4) and a fifteenth resistor (R15), the second operational amplifier (U5) of the positive power supply; a first capacitor (Cl) is negative ground, a first resistor (Rl ) of the three-terminal regulator output end (Ul) I-foot (Vin); three-terminal regulator (Ul) of the pin 2 is grounded (GND), 3 feet (Vout) Rd points, a first path section a positive second resistor (R2) connected to the first light emitting diode (Dl), the first light emitting diode (Dl) cathode is grounded; a second passage connected to the first transistor (Ql,) an emitter; a third capacitor second path grounding (C2); a fourth path of the third capacitor (C3) to ground; fifth passage connected to the first time base chip (U2) of 4 feet. 第一时基芯片(U2)的5脚经第四电容接地,6脚分别接第二二极管(D2)的负极、第一电位器(VRl)的一端、第一电位器(VRl)的滑动臂、第五电容(C5)的正极以及第一时基芯片(U2)的2脚;第五电容(C5)的负极接地。 First time base chip (U2) of the capacitor 5 is grounded via a fourth negative feet, 6 feet respectively connected to a second diode (D2), the end of the first potentiometer (VRl), the first potentiometer (VRl) of slide arm, a positive fifth capacitor (C5) and a first time base chip (U2) of the foot 2; fifth capacitor (C5) a negative ground. 第一电位器(VRl)的另一端经第三二极管(D3)接第二电位器(VR2)的滑动臂、第二电位器(VR2)的一端、第四电阻(R4)的一端以及第一时基芯片(U2)的7脚。 First potentiometer (VRl) of the other end via the third diode (D3) is connected to a second potential (VR2) of the slide arm, one end of the second potentiometer (VR2), the fourth resistor (R4) at one end and first time base chip (U2) of 7 feet. 第二电位器(VR2)的另一端接第二二极管(D2)的正极,第四电阻(R4)的另一端分别接第一时基芯片(U2)的8脚和4脚;第一时基芯片(U2)的I脚接地;3脚分两路,第一路经第五电阻(R5)接地,第二路经第五二极管(D5)接第六电阻(R6)的一端和接第六二极管(D6)的负极;第二三极管(Q2)的集电极经第三电阻(R3)接第一三极管(Ql)的基极,第二三极管(Q2)的发射极接地;第一三极管(Ql)的集电极经第二十一电容(C21)接地;第六二极管(D6)的正极分两路,一路经第七电阻(R7)、第七电容接地,另一路经第七电阻(R7)、第八电阻(R8)和第四二极管(D4)分别连接第一运算放大器(U4)的输出端和第九电阻(R9)的一端;第一运算放大器(U4)的电源负极接地,同相输入端经第十四电阻(R14)、第七二极管(D7)分别接第十三电阻(R13)和第十五电阻(R15)的另一端;第十三电阻(R The other end of the positive electrode of the second potentiometer (VR2) of the second diode (D2), and the other end of the fourth resistor (R4) are respectively connected to a first time base chip (U2) of 8 feet and 4 feet; first timer chip (U2) of the ground pin I; 3 feet by two routes, a first path fifth resistor (R5) to ground, a second path fifth diode (D5) connected to the sixth resistor (R6) one end and a sixth diode cathode contact (D6); a second transistor (Q2) the collector via a third resistor (R3) connected to the first transistor (Ql,) the base of the second transistor ( Q2), an emitter grounded; a first transistor (Ql,) the collector of the twenty-first capacitor (C21) is grounded; a sixth diode (D6) cathode two routes, all the way through a seventh resistor (R7 ), the seventh capacitor to ground, the other passing seventh resistor (R7), an eighth resistor (R8) and the fourth diode (D4) are respectively connected to a first operational amplifier (U4) and the output terminal of a ninth resistor (R9 ) at one end; a first operational amplifier (U4) of the negative power supply ground, inverting input terminal via a fourteenth resistor (R14), a seventh diode (D7) respectively connected to a thirteenth resistor (R13) and a fifteenth resistor (R15) and the other end; thirteenth resistor (R 13)的另一端接地;第一运算放大器(U4)的反向输入端接第九电阻(R9)的另一端和经第十六电阻(R16)接第十七电阻(R17)的一端、第二十九电阻(R29)的一端和第二运算放大器(U5)的输出端相连;第二运算放大器(U5)的电源负极接地,同相输入端分别连接第三十电阻(R30)的一端和第二十六电阻(R26)的一端,第三十电阻(R30)的另一端接地;第二运算放大器(U5)的反向输入端分别连接第二十九电阻(R29)的另一端和第二十七电阻(R27)的一端,第二十七电阻(R27)的另一端经第二十八电阻(R28)接地;Vcc端经第十六电容(C16)接地。 13) the other end; the other end terminal of the first operational amplifier (U4) of the inverting terminal of a ninth resistor (R9) and via a sixteenth resistor (R16) connected to a seventeenth resistor (R17 are), the first twenty-nine connected resistor (R29 is) one end of the second operational amplifier (U5) output terminal; a second operational amplifier (U5) of the negative power supply ground, respectively connected to the noninverting input thirtieth resistor (R30) and a second end One end twenty-six resistor (R26), and thirtieth resistor (R30) of the other end; a second operational amplifier (U5) are connected to the inverting input of the twenty-ninth resistor (R29 is) the other end of the second One end of seventeen resistor (R27), the twenty-seventh resistor (R27) via the other end of the twenty-eighth resistor (R28) to ground; Vcc terminal through sixteenth capacitor (C16) is grounded.
6.根据权利要求5所述的中大功率无线供电装置,其特征在于:所述小功率单元的第二时基芯片(U3)的4脚分三路,第一路经第i^一电阻(Rll)接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管(Ql)的集电极和第二十一电容(C21),第二路经第八二极管(D8)接地,第三路接第二时基芯片(U3)的8脚;第一三极管(Ql)的集电极经小功率单元的第二十二电容(C22)接地;第二时基芯片(U3)的2脚经第十电容(ClO)接地,2脚连接第三电位器(VR3)的一端和滑动臂;第二时基芯片(U3)的3脚分别连接第三电位器(VR3)的另一端和第十二电阻(R12)的一端,第十二电阻(R12)的另一端接第三三极管(Q3)的基极,集电极接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管(Ql)的集电极,发射极经第十八电阻(R18)接地;第二时基芯片(U3)的5脚经第九电容接地,6脚分两路,一路经第十电阻(RlO)接7脚,另一路经第十电容 6. The high-power wireless power supply apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: said second low power timer chip (U3) is 4 feet in three columns of the unit, a first path a first resistor i ^ (Rll) connected to the control unit of the automatic detection of the first transistor (Ql,) and the collector of the twenty-first capacitor (C21), a second path eighth diode (D8) to ground, a third passage connected to the second timer chip (U3) of 8 feet; collector of the first transistor (Ql,) via the low power of the twenty-second capacitor means (C22) to ground; the second time base chip (U3) through a tenth pin 2 capacitor (ClO) grounded, connected to pin 2 of the third potentiometer (VR3 is) one end of the slide arm; the other end of the second time base chip (U3) are connected to pin 3 of a third potentiometer (VR3 is) and a twelfth resistor (R12) one end, the other end of the twelfth resistor (R12) a third transistor (Q3) a base, a collector connected to the collector of the first transistor (Ql,) automatic detection control unit, the transmitter electrode via an eighteenth resistor (R18) to ground; the second time base chip (U3) via a ninth capacitor ground pin 5, pin 6 two routes, all the way through the pin 7 connected tenth resistor (RlO to), another first path ten capacitance (ClO)接地,第二时基芯片(U3)的I脚接地。 (ClO) is grounded, the second time base chip (U3) of the ground pin I.
7.根据权利要求6所述的中大功率无线供电装置,其特征在于:所述功率放大单元的第十九电阻(R19)的一端连接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管(Ql)的集电极,第十九电阻(R19)另一端分别经第十一电容(Cll)接地、经第二十一电阻(R21)接地和连接第二十电阻(R20)的一端;第二十电阻(R20)的另一端分别经第十二电容(C12)接小功率单元的第三三极管(Q3)的集电极、连接第四三极管(Q4)的基极;第四三极管(Q4)的发发射极接地,集电极分别连接第一线圈(LI)的一端、第十三电容(C13)的一端和第十四电容(C14)的一端;第一线圈(LI)的另一端、第十三电容(C13)的另一端均连接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管(Ql)的集电极;第十四电容(C14)的另一端分别连接第二十四电阻(R24)的一端和场效应管(Q5)的栅极;第二十四电阻(R24)的另一端分三路,第一路经第十五 The high-power wireless power supply apparatus according to claim 6, wherein: said first transistor one end of the power amplifying unit nineteenth resistor (R19) connected to the automatic detection control unit (Ql,) of collector, the other end of the nineteenth resistor (R19), respectively, via an eleventh capacitor (Cll) to ground via a twenty-first end of a resistor (R21) connected to ground and a twentieth resistor (R20); a twentieth resistor ( R20) of the other end via a twelfth capacitor (C12) connected to the collector of the third low-power transistor (Q3) of the unit, connecting the fourth transistor (Q4) the base; and a fourth transistor ( Q4) hair emitter grounded, the collector is connected one end of a first coil (LI), the thirteenth capacitor (C13) to one end and a fourteenth capacitor (C14) to one end; a first coil (LI) and the other end the other end of the thirteenth capacitor (C13) were first transistor (Ql,) connected to the collector of the control unit automatically detected; the other end of the fourteenth capacitor (C14) are connected to a twenty-fourth resistor (R24) and an end of the gate FET (Q5); the other end of the twenty-fourth resistor (R24) of the three columns, a first path fifteenth 容(C15)接地,第二路经第二十二电阻(R22 )接地,第三路经第二十三电阻(R23 )连接自动检测控制单元的第一三极管(Ql)的集电极;场效应管(Q5)的源极接地,漏极分两路,一路经第十七电容(C17)分别连接第十八电容(C18)的一端和第二十五电阻(R25)的一端,另一路连发射线圈(L2)的一端,发射线圈(L2)的另一端连接第十八电容(C18)的一端,第十八电容(C18)的另一端接地;第二十五电阻(R25)的另一端分别连接自动检测控制单元的第二十六电阻(R26)的另一端和Vcc端;所述自动检测控制单元的第二十七电阻(R27)的另一端经第十八电容(C18)接地。 Receiving (C15) to ground, a second path twenty-second resistor (R22) to ground, a third passing a twenty-third resistor (R23) connected to the collector of the first transistor to automatically detect (Ql,) of the control unit; source of the transistor (Q5) is grounded, the drain two routes, all the way through the seventeenth capacitor (C17) connected at one end eighteenth capacitor (C18) and one end of a twenty-fifth resistor (R25) and the other along one end connected to one end of transmit coil (L2), and the other end of the transmit coil (L2) connected to the eighteenth capacitor (C18), and the eighteenth capacitor (C18) of the other end; a twenty-fifth resistor (R25) of a twenty-sixth resistor (R26) connected to the other end of the control unit automatically detects the Vcc terminal and the other end, respectively; the twenty-seventh resistor control unit automatically detects (R27) through the other end of the eighteenth capacitor (C18) ground.
8.根据权利要求7所述的中大功率无线供电装置,其特征在于:所述指示单元的第六三极管(Q6)的集电极连接自动检测控制单元的Vcc脚,自动检测控制单元的第十七电阻(R17)的另一端接第六三极管(Q6)的基极,发射极经第九二极管(D9)分别连接第十一二极管(Dll)的负极以及经第三十一电阻(R31)接第十发光二极管(DlO)的正极;第十一二极管(Dll)的正极连接第十三二极管(D13)的负极以及经第三十二电阻(R32)连接第十二发光二极管(D12)的正极;第十三二极管(D13)的正极连接第十五二极管(D15)的负极以及经第三十三电阻(R33)接第十四发光二极管(D14)的正极;第十五二极管(D15)的正极连接第十七二极管(D17)的负极以及经第三十四电阻(R34)接第十六发光二极管(D16)的正极;第十七二极管(D17)的正极连接第十九二极管(D19)的负极以及经第三十五电阻(R35 The high-power wireless power supply apparatus according to claim 7, wherein: said indication sixth transistor (Q6 are) connected to the collector unit automatically Vcc pin detection unit, detection control unit for controlling the automatic the other end of the seventeenth resistor (R17 are) a sixth transistor (Q6 are) a base, an emitter through ninth diode (D9) are connected to the negative electrode of the eleventh diode (the Dll) and through the first thirty-one resistor (R31) connected to the positive electrode tenth light emitting diode (DlO); a eleventh diode (the Dll) connected to the positive thirteenth diode (D13) anode, and the thirty-second through the resistor (R32 ) connected to the positive twelfth light emitting diode (D12); a thirteenth positive diode (D13) is connected to a fifteenth diode (D15) anode, and through the thirty-third resistor (R33) connected to the fourteenth positive light emitting diode (D14); a positive electrode fifteenth diode (D15) connected to the seventeenth diode (D17) anode, and via its thirty-fourth resistor (R34) connected to the sixteenth light-emitting diode (D16) a positive electrode; seventeenth diode (D17) connected to the positive nineteenth diode (D19) anode, and via its thirty-fifth resistor (R35 )接第十八发光二极管(D18)的正极;第十九二极管(D19)的正极经第三十六电阻(R36)接第二十发光二极管(D20)的正极,第二十发光二极管(D20)的负极连接第十八发光二极管(D18)、第十六发光二极管(D16)、第十四发光二极管(D14)、第十二发光二极管(D12)以及第十发光二极管(DlO)的负极。 ) Positive then the eighteenth light emitting diode (D18); and a positive electrode nineteenth diode (D19) connected to the twenty-emitting diode (D20) through thirty-sixth resistor (R36), twenty light-emitting diode (D20) connected to the negative eighteenth light emitting diode (D18), a sixteenth light-emitting diode (D16), a fourteenth light emitting diode (D14), a twelfth light emitting diode (D12) and a tenth light emitting diode (DlO) of negative electrode.
9.根据权利要求8所述的中大功率无线供电装置,其特征在于:所述受电单元的整流桥(BR)的2脚经第四线圈(L4)接第十九电容(C19)的正极和接DCOUTl脚,第十九电容(C19)的负极连接DC0UT2脚;整流桥(BR)的4脚接DC0UT2脚;1脚分别连接接收线圈(L3)的一端和第二十电容(C20)的一端;接收线圈(L3)的另一端和第二十电容(C20)的另一端接整流桥(BR)的3脚,该DCOUTl脚和DC0UT2脚与用电设备连接。 High power wireless power supply apparatus according to claim 8, wherein: the bridge rectifier (BR) of the electrical unit 2 feet by the fourth coil (L4) connected to a nineteenth capacitor (C19) of the subject DCOUTl positive electrode and the ground pin, the nineteenth capacitor (C19) connected to the negative pin DC0UT2; bridge rectifier (BR) of 4 feet to DC0UT2 pin; pin 1 are connected to the receiving coil (L3) at one end and twenty capacitor (C20) end; the other end of the receiving coil (L3) and twenty capacitor (C20) the other end of the bridge rectifier (BR) is 3 feet, the feet and DC0UT2 DCOUTl electrical equipment connected to the foot.
10.根据权利要求9所述的中大功率无线供电装置,其特征在于:发射线圈(L2)和接收线圈(L3)的外径为40mm,内径为IOmm的单层线圈,所述漆包线直径为O. 6mm ;三端稳压器(Ul)采用7812型三端稳压集成电路;第一三极管(Ql)采用8550型PNP晶体三极管、第二三极管(Q2)、第三三极管(Q3)采用8050型NPN晶体三极管;第一时基芯片(U2)和第二时基芯片(U3)采用NE555型8脚时基集成电路;第二、第三、 第四、第五、第六、第七二极管(D1-D7)采用4148型半导体二极管;第八二极管(D8)采用5. IV稳压二极管、第九二极管(D9)采用9. IV稳压二极管;第十一二极管(D11)、第十三二极管(D13)、第十五二极管(D15)、第十七二极管(D17)、第十九二极管(D19)采用2V稳压二极管;第六三极管(Q6)采用NPN型三极管;第四三极管(Q4)采用13003型三极管;场效应管(Q5)采用IRF640型的耗尽型N-MOS场效 10. The high-power wireless power supply apparatus according to claim 9, wherein: the outer diameter of the transmit coil (L2) and the receiving coil (L3) of 40mm, an inner diameter of the single coil IOmm, is the wire diameter. O. 6mm; three-terminal regulator (Ul) using 7812-type three-terminal regulator IC; a first transistor (Ql,) using 8550-type PNP transistor, a second transistor (Q2), a third three-pole tube (Q3) using type 8050 NPN transistor; first time base chip (U2) and a second time base chip (U3) using the pin 8 when the group type NE555 integrated circuit; a second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh diodes (D1-D7) using 4148-type semiconductor diode; eighth diode (D8) using the Zener diode 5. IV, ninth diode (D9) using the zener diode 9. IV ; eleventh diode (D11), the thirteenth diode (D13), a fifteenth diode (D15), the seventeenth diode (D17), the nineteenth diode (D19) using 2V Zener diode; and a sixth transistor (Q6 are) an NPN type transistor; the fourth transistor (Q4) transistor type using 13003; field effect transistor (Q5) employed IRF640 type depletion type N-MOS field effect 管;第一运算放大器(U4)和第二运算放大器(U5)采用LM358型双运算放大器。 Tube; a first operational amplifier (U4) and a second operational amplifier (U5) using type LM358 dual op-amp.
CN2012101886773A 2012-06-08 2012-06-08 Medium-high power wireless power supply device CN102723789A (en)

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