CN102722850A - Tracking system and method of dairy product supply chain information based on Internet of Things - Google Patents

Tracking system and method of dairy product supply chain information based on Internet of Things Download PDF

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CN102722850A
CN102722850A CN2012101931035A CN201210193103A CN102722850A CN 102722850 A CN102722850 A CN 102722850A CN 2012101931035 A CN2012101931035 A CN 2012101931035A CN 201210193103 A CN201210193103 A CN 201210193103A CN 102722850 A CN102722850 A CN 102722850A
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information
dairy
subsystem
product
supply chain
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CN2012101931035A
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Chinese (zh)
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刘丙午
刘军
刘同娟
朱杰
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北京物资学院
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Abstract

The invention provides tracking system and method of dairy product supply chain information based on the Internet of Things. The system comprises a plurality of subsystems connected with each other through a network. The subsystems include a dairy cow farming subsystem, a raw milk production subsystem, a dairy product processing subsystem, a distribution subsystem, a sale subsystem and a tracking subsystem. The farming subsystem is used for acquiring and recording farming information of dairy cows. The production subsystem is used for acquiring and recording production information of raw milk. The processing subsystem is used for acquiring and recording processing information of dairy products. The distribution subsystem is used for acquiring and recording distribution information of the dairy products. The sale subsystem is used for acquiring and recording sale information of the dairy products. The tracking subsystem is used for collecting information related to aspects of farming, production, distribution, sale and the like and receiving search requests and returning to search results including upstream and/or downstream information. The bar code technology, RFID (radio frequency identification) technology, EPC (electronic product code) technology, wireless sensor network technology and GPS (global position system) technology are utilized to realize visualization of the dairy product supply chain information.

Description

一种基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统及方法 Dairy supply chain traceability information system and a method based on the Internet of Things

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于乳制品质量管理及物联网应用领域,具体的说是一种基于物联网技术的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统及方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the quality control of dairy products and physical networking applications, specifically dairy supply chain information is a traceability system and method based networking technology.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 乳制品是城乡居民最基本的生活必需品之一,乳制品的质量安全关系到每个城乡居民的切身利益甚至关系到整个社会的稳定。 [0002] dairy products is one of the most basic necessities of urban and rural residents, the quality of dairy products safety related to the vital interests of each urban and rural residents even related to the stability of the whole society. 然而随着乳制品供应链的不断延伸和行为参与人的日趋复杂,乳业的质量安全问题日益凸显。 However, with the continuous extension of the dairy supply chain and behaviors of participants increasing complexity of dairy quality and safety issues become increasingly prominent. 从阜阳劣质奶粉事件到光明回收奶事件再到蒙牛黄曲霉素Ml超标事件,乳制品质量安全事故频发,严重的打击了消费者对乳制品质量安全的信心,同时也影响到我国乳业的健康持续发展。 From Fuyang inferior milk powder incident to incident light and then recovered Mengniu milk poisoning cases aflatoxin Ml, dairy quality and safety accidents, a serious blow to consumer confidence in the quality and safety of dairy products, but also affect the country's dairy industry healthy and sustainable development. 因此,提高乳制品质量安全水平,对于保障广大城乡居民的消费安全具有重要意义。 Therefore, improving the quality and safety of dairy products, consumer safety and for the protection of the majority of urban and rural residents is important.

[0003] 乳制品行业属我国食品加工业中发展较晚的行业,而且乳制品的原料产出地多为分散式,以及乳制品供应链本身所具有的复杂性,国内对乳制品供应链管理的研究还处于起步阶段,发表的论文也很少。 [0003] dairy industry is China's food processing industry in the late development of the industry, and dairy raw materials are mostly distributed to output, as well as the dairy supply chain itself has the complexity of domestic dairy supply chain management the research is still in its infancy, and few papers. 由此可见,基于物联网的乳制品供应链追溯平台的理论及应用研究是刚刚起步。 Thus, the theory and application of Internet of Things based dairy supply chain traceability platform is just beginning.

[0004] 由于乳制品质量问题可能发生在乳牛的养殖环节、原料奶的生产环节、乳制品的加工环节、乳制品的配送环节和乳制品的销售环节,所以,保证乳制品的质量安全,把安全隐患降至最低点,不仅需要政策上的推动,还需要相关技术的支持。 [0004] As the dairy quality problems may occur in dairy farming areas, the production processes raw milk, dairy processing sectors, and distribution of dairy and dairy sectors of the marketing chain, so to ensure the quality and safety of dairy products, the security risks bottoming out, not only on the need to promote policies, also need the support of related technologies.

[0005]目前乳制品供应链中信息流存在的问题至少包括:首先,对乳制品供应链中信息的研究,大多数都是关注供应链的某个节点,如乳牛养殖场或乳制品加工企业,对包括配送和销售在内的整条链的研究较少;其次,对乳制品质量安全的研究,大多数都是从管理手段上入手,而具体技术的结合应用的研究较少;第三,乳制品供应链中信息流的不通畅和不稳定,管理者及消费者缺乏对信息数据进行有效追溯的技术;第四,如饲料采购、牛奶生产、乳制品运输、销售等信息,缺乏供应链各节点企业以及消费者之间公开、正确的记录和传递。 [0005] currently exist in the dairy supply chain information flow issues include at least: First, the study of the dairy supply chain information, most are concerned about a node in the supply chain, such as dairy farms or dairy processing enterprises , few studies to include the entire chain, including the distribution and sale; secondly, the study of the safety and quality of dairy products, mostly starting from the management tools, but few studies combined application of specific technologies; third dairy supply chain information flow is not smooth and stable, managers and consumers lack information data effective traceability technology; fourth, such as the procurement of feed, milk production, dairy transportation and sales information, the lack of supply open chain between enterprises, and consumers each node, the correct recording and transmission.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明实施例的目的在于,提供一种基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统及方法,以实现乳制品供应链信息的可视化。 Object of embodiments of the [0006] present invention is to provide a dairy product supply chain traceability information system and method thereof based networking, to achieve visualization of the dairy supply chain information.

[0007] 为达上述目的,一方面,本发明实施例提供了一种基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统,所述追溯系统包括:通过网络互相连接的多个子系统,所述多个子系统包括:乳牛的养殖子系统、原料奶的生产子系统、乳制品的加工子系统、乳制品的配送子系统、乳制品的销售子系统和乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0007] To achieve the above object, in one aspect, the present invention provides a dairy things traceability system based supply chain information, the traceability system comprising: a plurality of subsystems connected through a network to each other, said plurality of sub the system comprising: a dairy farming subsystem, subsystem raw milk production, dairy processing subsystem, dairy distribution subsystem, the sale subsystem dairy and dairy supply chain traceability tracking subsystem;

[0008] 所述乳牛的养殖子系统,用于采集、记录乳牛的养殖信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0008] The dairy farming subsystem for acquisition, recording information dairy farming and dairy uploaded to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0009] 所述原料奶的生产子系统,用于采集、记录原料奶的生产信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统;[0010] 所述乳制品的加工子系统,用于采集、记录乳制品的加工信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0009] The raw milk production subsystem for acquisition, recording production information raw milk, dairy product and uploaded to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem; [0010] The dairy-processing subsystem, with in collecting, processing information recording dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0011] 所述乳制品的配送子系统,用于采集、记录乳制品的配送信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0011] The dairy product distribution subsystem for acquisition, distribution information recording dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0012] 所述乳制品的销售子系统,用于采集、记录乳制品的销售信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0012] The dairy product sale subsystem for acquisition, recording sales information dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0013] 所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统,用于通过网络收集所述养殖信息、所述原料奶的生产信息、所述乳制品的加工信息、所述乳制品的配送信息和所述乳制品的销售信息,以及接收查询请求并返回包含上游和/或下游信息的查询结果。 [0013] The dairy product supply chain traceability tracking subsystem for the breeding information collected through the network, information of the raw milk production, the dairy processing information, the delivery information and the dairy product dairy sales information, and receiving a query request and returning comprise upstream and / or downstream information query results.

[0014] 为达上述目的,另一方面,本发明实施例提供了一种基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯方法,所述方法适用于上述的基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统,所述方法包括: [0014] To achieve the above object, another aspect, embodiments provide dairy supply chain information traceability method of the present invention based on things, the methods are applicable to the dairy-based system of supply chain traceability information IOT the method comprising:

[0015] 接收包含产品编码的查询请求; [0015] receiving a query request containing the encoded product;

[0016] 判断是否存在所述产品编码,当存在所述产品编码时,根据所述产品编码进行上游产品信息查询和/或下游产品信息查询; [0016] determines whether there is the product code, the product code is present when, for the upstream product information inquiry and / or downstream of the product according to the product code information query;

[0017] 返回包含上游产品信息和/或下游产品信息的查询结果。 [0017] The upstream product information and returns a query result / or downstream products.

[0018] 与现有技术相比,本发明实施例的上述技术方案的有益效果在于: [0018] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention wherein:

[0019] (I)将物联网相关技术结合,实时跟踪追溯乳制品供应链中的信息 [0019] (I) in conjunction with the related art things, real-time tracking information dairy supply chain traceability

[0020] 本发明利用条码技术、RFID技术、EPC技术、无线传感器网络技术、GPS技术等物联网相关技术,搭建了基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统,可以实时地跟踪追溯乳制品供应链中的信息,解决了现有的物资供应技术无法真正实现供应链信息可视化的问题,确保人民群众的食品质量安全,促进物流信息技术在现代乳业可持续发展。 [0020] The present invention makes use of bar code technology, RFID technology, the EPC technology, wireless sensor network technology, GPS technology and other things related art, the structures of things dairy supply chain traceability information system based on real time supply of dairy products to track and trace information chain, to solve the existing supplies technology can not really supply chain information visualization problems to ensure food quality and safety of the people, logistics and information technology to promote sustainable development in the modern dairy industry.

[0021] (2)平台共享理念 [0021] (2) platform to share ideas

[0022] 本发明整合供应链中各节点企业的业务流程,建立统一平台,协同监督管理,不仅解决了整体供应链中信息的实时监控问题,更全方位提升各节点企业的业务效率和管理水平,促进行业发展。 [0022] The present invention integrated supply chain, each node enterprise business processes, to establish a unified platform, collaborative supervision and management, not only solved the problem of real-time monitoring of the entire information supply chain, more comprehensive approach to improve operational efficiency and management level of each node enterprise to promote the development of the industry.

[0023] (3)可以为政府对乳制品质量监管提供基础信息服务。 [0023] (3) can provide basic information services for dairy products quality control for the government.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0024] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图做一简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动性的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。 [0024] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments or the prior art embodiment of the present invention, the following prior art embodiments or drawings required for describing the embodiment will be used to make a brief introduction Apparently, the description below the drawings are only some embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without any creative effort, and can obtain other drawings based on these drawings.

[0025] 图I为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品追溯系统的整体框架示意图; [0025] Figure I is a schematic diagram of the overall framework of things based dairy product traceability system embodiment of the invention;

[0026]图2为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品供应链追溯系统的体系层次示意图; [0026] FIG 2 a schematic system level dairy-based supply chain tracking system of the present invention IOT embodiment;

[0027] 图3为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品供应链追溯系统的应用架构示意图; [0027] FIG. 3 IOT application architecture dairy-based supply chain traceability system of the present invention, a schematic diagram of an embodiment;

[0028]图4为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品供应链追溯系统的功能结构示意图; [0028] FIG. 4 is a functional configuration things dairy-based supply chain traceability system of the present invention, a schematic diagram of an embodiment;

[0029] 图5为本发明实施例的乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统的功能结构示意图; [0029] FIG. 5 functional schematic dairy supply chain track and trace subsystem structure of the embodiment of the present invention;

[0030] 图6为本发明实施例的乳牛的养殖子系统的功能结构示意图;[0031] 图7为本发明实施例的乳牛的养殖场子系统的架构示意图; [0030] FIG 6 is a functional schematic configuration subsystem breeding cows embodiment of the present invention; [0031] FIG. 7 is a schematic architecture diagram dairy farm according to an embodiment of the invention, the subsystem;

[0032] 图8为本发明实施例的原料奶的生产子系统的功能结构示意图; [0032] FIG. 8 is a functional schematic configuration example of raw milk production subsystem embodiment of the invention;

[0033] 图9为本发明实施例的原料奶的生产子系统的架构示意图; [0033] FIG. 9 architecture diagram of the embodiment of raw milk production subsystem embodiment of the invention;

[0034] 图10为本发明实施例的乳制品的加工子系统的功能结构示意图; [0034] FIG 10 a schematic view of functional dairy processing subsystem according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0035] 图11为本发明实施例的乳制品的加工子系统的架构示意图; [0036] 图12为本发明实施例的乳制品的配送子系统的功能结构示意图; [0035] FIG. 11 dairy-processing subsystem architecture diagram according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0036] FIG 12 a schematic view of the distribution function subsystem dairy embodiment of the present invention;

[0037] 图13为本发明实施例的乳制品的配送子系统的架构示意图; [0037] FIG 13 a schematic view of the architecture of the distribution subsystem dairy embodiment of the present invention;

[0038] 图14为本发明实施例的乳制品的销售子系统的功能结构示意图; [0038] FIG. 14 is a functional schematic structure of the sale subsystem dairy embodiment of the present invention;

[0039] 图15为本发明实施例的乳制品的销售子系统的架构示意图; [0039] FIG 15 a schematic view of the architecture of the sale subsystem dairy embodiment of the present invention;

[0040]图16为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品供应链追溯系统的数据流图; [0040] Based on the data flow graph 16 in FIG things dairy supply chain traceability system embodiment of the present invention;

[0041] 图17为本发明实施例的乳制品供应链跟踪与追溯序列图与活动图。 [0041] FIG 17 dairy supply chain traceability sequence diagram of FIG activities embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0042] 为使本发明实施例的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0042] In order that the invention object, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments more clearly, the following the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described the embodiment is an embodiment of the present invention is a part, but not all embodiments. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0043] 有鉴于此,建立乳制品供应链信息的追溯系统,应利用高科技的信息技术手段实现对我国乳制品安全状况的整体监管以及跟踪、追溯,从源头控制乳制品安全,这样才有助于协调、解决乳制品安全问题。 [0043] In view of this, the establishment of the dairy supply chain traceability system information, should use high-tech means of information technology to achieve the overall supervision of the dairy safety status in China as well as tracking, tracing, dairy products safety from the source control, so that it can help coordinate and solve security problems dairy products. 物联网的出现及其在全球范围内对每个物品跟踪监控的全新理念,将在根本上改变供应链流程和管理手段,为企业供应链管理的发展带来新的机遇。 Things appear and worldwide tracking of each article surveillance of new ideas that will change the supply chain processes and management tools on fundamental for the development of enterprise supply chain management has brought new opportunities. 物联网与乳制品供应链管理的融合,能够帮助管理人员准确地追踪和定位供应链中流动的每一产品,实现管理层对乳制品供应链管理的透明管理。 Things integration of supply chain management and dairy products, can help managers accurately track and locate each product flow in the supply chain management to achieve transparent management of the dairy supply chain management.

[0044] 本发明开展基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统研究,将会极大地促进我国乳制品供应链管理的发展,从而实现乳制品质量的可视化和可追溯,确保人民群众的食品质量安全,对促进现代乳业可持续发展以及参与国际竞争有着重要的意义。 [0044] The present invention research dairy supply chain traceability information system based on Internet of Things will greatly promote the development of China's dairy supply chain management, in order to achieve the quality of dairy visualization and traceability to ensure food quality people security has important significance to promote the sustainable development of modern dairy and participate in international competition.

[0045] 本发明实施例首先对追溯系统的整体框架进行描述,然后对其体系层次、平台应用架构和功能结构做了更深入的阐述,最后通过数据流图详细说明了基于物联网的乳制品供应链追溯系统的跟踪和追溯过程,目的在于提供一套基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统解决方案。 [0045] The first embodiment of the present invention, the overall framework of traceability system is described, and then its level of systems, internet application architecture and functional exposition made deeper, and finally through the data flow graph details the dairy Things tracking and tracing the supply chain traceability system process, and aims to provide a set of things dairy supply chain traceability information based system solution. 该追溯系统可以采用先进的条码技术、RFID(射频识别,Radio FrequencyIDentification)技术、EPC (Electric Product Code,电子产品代码)技术、无线传感器网络技术、GPS (Global Positioning System,全球位置测定系统)技术和信息系统技术,进行乳制品质量数据采集、传递、统计和分析,从而解决现有的物资供应技术无法真正实现供应链信息可视化的问题,为物联网技术在乳制品供应链信息追溯中的应用提供了技术支持。 The traceability system may employ advanced bar code technology, the RFID (radio frequency identification, Radio FrequencyIDentification) technology, EPC (Electric Product Code, electronic product code) technology, wireless sensor network technology, GPS (Global Positioning System, a global position determination system) technology, and information systems technology, dairy quality data collection, transmission, statistics and analysis, in order to solve the problems existing supplies technology can not really supply chain information visualization, provides for the application of networking technology in the dairy supply chain traceability of information technical support.

[0046] I.追溯系统的整体框架 [0046] I. overall framework of the tracking system

[0047] 在整条乳制品供应链中,当乳制品进入下一个环节后,供应链的下游企业利用电子编码和RFID等自动识别技术采集关键信息并上传至追溯系统,追溯系统完成溯源信息的前后连接,并与后台数据库进行交互。 [0047] In the entire supply chain of dairy products, dairy products when entering the next link, downstream supply chain using electronic code and RFID automatic identification technology to capture critical information and upload the traceability system, a traceability system to complete traceability information before and after the connection, and interact with back-end database. 根据所形成的完整的信息链,供应链上的各个实体均可在供应链的不同位置,在系统平台的基础上进行信息的跟踪与追溯。 The complete chain of information formed, the various entities in the supply chain can be at different positions of the supply chain, tracking and tracing information on the basis of the platform. [0048] 该追溯系统是一个开放的系统,乳制品供应链上的各企业以及最终消费者可以凭各自的权限登录追溯系统,进行数据的上传和查询。 [0048] The traceability system is an open system, all enterprises in the dairy supply chain and, ultimately, consumers can log tracking system with their respective mandates, upload and query data. 图I为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统的整体框架示意图。 A schematic view of the overall framework dairy supply chain information tracing system based on FIG. I IOT embodiment of the present invention.

[0049] 2.体系层次 [0049] 2. The system level

[0050] 在本发明实施例的追溯系统的体系层次中,包括提供数据采集的感知层、提供数据处理的服务层、提供信息存储的数据层和提供各种业务的应用层。 [0050] In the system-level traceability system according to an embodiment of the present invention, the sensing layer comprises providing data collection, data processing services layer, and provides the data layer application layer provides various services to the stored information. 图2为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统的体系层次示意图。 FIG 2 a schematic system level dairy supply chain information tracing system based IOT embodiment of the present invention. 如图2所示,其中: 2, wherein:

[0051] 感知层主要包括条形码、条码扫描仪、RFID标签、RFID读写器、传感器和GPS终端等数据采集设备。 [0051] The sensing layer includes a bar code, bar code scanners, RFID tags, the RFID readers, sensors and GPS data collection device terminals. 感知层位于乳制品供应链追溯系统的底层,用于感知和采集数据。 Sensing layer is located on the ground dairy supply chain traceability system for sensing and data acquisition.

[0052] 网络层的作用就是当感知层中的感应设备将产品信息传输到网络节点后,在通过网络层中的网络服务器、接入网关、互联网等网络连接各个服务器,以此来使乳制品供应链上的各个企业可以根据自己的需要获取产品信息。 [0052] The role of the network layer is that when the sensing device sensing layer product information transmitted to the network node, the access gateway, a network such as the Internet through various servers connected to the network layer of the network server, in order to make the dairy product various enterprises in the supply chain can obtain product information according to their needs. 网络层主要包括网络服务器、接入网关、互联网、无线网络和3G/GPRS网络。 The network layer includes a network server, an access gateway, the Internet, wireless networks and 3G / GPRS networks.

[0053] 数据层包括产品数据库和业务数据库。 [0053] The data layer comprises a product database and a business database. 企业的产品数据保存在企业的产品数据库中,企业的业务数据保存在企业的业务数据库中。 Enterprise product data stored in the database in the company's products, the company's business data is stored in the company's business database.

[0054] 应用层负责业务处理和数据的存储,包括乳牛的养殖子系统、原料奶的生产子系统、乳制品的加工子系统、乳制品的配送子系统和乳制品的销售子系统和供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 [0054] The application layer is responsible for the storage and handling of data traffic, including dairy farming subsystem, subsystem and distribution of dairy raw milk production subsystem, dairy processing subsystem, the sale subsystem and dairy supply chain track and trace subsystem.

[0055] 客户层提供用户采用不同方式使用系统的界面,用户可通过多种方式与该追溯系统交互,主要分为手机客户端、浏览器/服务器(Browser/Server,B/S)结构下的浏览器客户端和客户机/服务器(Client/Server, C/S)结构下的定制软件客户端。 [0055] layer provides the user clients different ways to use the system interface, the user can interact with the traceability system in various ways, mainly divided into the mobile client, a browser / server (Browser / Server, B / S) of structure browser clients and client / server (client / server, C / S) custom software client under construction.

[0056] 3.系统应用架构 [0056] 3. System Application Architecture

[0057] 图3为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统的应用架构示意图。 [0057] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the application architecture dairy supply chain information tracing system based on things embodiment of the present invention. 如图3所示,基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统主要由条形码、条码扫描仪、RFID标签、RFID读写器、传感器、GPS终端、数据库服务器及应用子系统等构成。 3, things dairy supply chain traceability information system based mainly constituted by the bar code, bar code scanners, RFID tags, the RFID readers, sensors, GPS terminal, a database server and application subsystems. 供应链中各环节(包括乳牛的养殖环节、原料奶的生产环节、乳制品的加工环节、乳制品的配送环节和乳制品的销售环节)的企业内部通过建立局域网进行信息传递,网络结构基本一致,采用传统局域网布局。 Internal supply chain all sectors (including dairy farming areas, production processes raw milk, dairy processing sectors, and distribution of dairy and dairy sectors of the marketing chain) of information transfer through the establishment of local area network structure consistent , using the traditional local area network layout. 在RFID标签数据读取方面,采用固定式和手持式两种读写器,标签数据的读写主要是通过无线网络。 In terms of reading the RFID tag data, using the two kinds of fixed and hand-held reader, the tag write data mainly through a wireless network. 企业间的通信主要是通过Internet与各种信息系统进行交互实现信息的共享。 Communication between enterprises are sharing information by way of the Internet and various information systems. 平台的公共网络依托Internet,通过架设根0NS(0bject Name Service,对象名解析服务器)服务器和数据库服务器,提供查询服务。 Relying on Internet public network platform, set up by the root 0NS (0bject Name Service, Object Name Server) servers and database servers, provide consulting services.

[0058] 4.功能结构 [0058] 4. Functional Structure

[0059] 基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统是采用B/S模式和C/S模式相结合的分布式的网络应用模式。 [0059] IOT dairy supply chain traceability information system is based on a distributed network application model of B / S and C / S mode combination. 在各环节的企业内部系统中,采用表示层、业务逻辑层、数据访问层三层体系结构的B/S模式;在平台的ONS服务中,采用C/S模式。 In the internal part of the system, using the presentation layer, the business logic, B three-tier architecture of the data access layer / S mode; ONS service platform, using the C / S model. 图4为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品供应链追溯系统的功能结构示意图。 FIG 4 is a schematic functional configuration of a dairy-based supply chain traceability system IOT embodiment of the present invention. 如图4所示,在一个实施例中,该追溯系统的功能结构主要包括:通过网络互相连接的多个子系统,所述多个子系统包括:乳牛的养殖子系统、原料奶的生产子系统、乳制品的加工子系统、乳制品的配送子系统、乳制品的销售子系统和乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统;[0060] 所述乳牛的养殖子系统,用于采集、记录乳牛的养殖信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 4, in one embodiment, a functional configuration of the traceability system includes: a network by a plurality of interconnected subsystems, comprising a plurality of subsystems: subsystem dairy farming, raw milk production subsystem, dairy-processing subsystem, dairy distribution subsystem, the sale subsystem dairy and dairy supply chain traceability tracking subsystem; [0060] the dairy farming subsystem for acquisition, recording information dairy farming , and upload it to the dairy product supply chain traceability tracking subsystem;

[0061] 所述原料奶的生产子系统,用于采集、记录原料奶的生产信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0061] The raw milk production subsystem for acquisition, recording production information raw milk, dairy product and uploaded to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0062] 所述乳制品的加工子系统,用于采集、记录乳制品的加工信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0062] The dairy product processing subsystem for acquisition, processing information recording dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0063] 所述乳制品的配送子系统,用于采集、记录乳制品的配送信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0063] The dairy product distribution subsystem for acquisition, distribution information recording dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0064] 所述乳制品的销售子系统,用于采集、记录乳制品的销售信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0064] The dairy product sale subsystem for acquisition, recording sales information dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0065] 所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统,用于通过网络收集所述养殖信息、所述原料·奶的生产信息、所述乳制品的加工信息、所述乳制品的配送信息和所述乳制品的销售信息,以及接收查询请求并返回包含上游和/或下游信息的查询结果。 [0065] The dairy product supply chain traceability tracking subsystem for the breeding information collected through the network, the raw-milk production information, processing information of the dairy product, a dairy product and the delivery information He said dairy product sales information, and receiving a query request and returns a query result comprises an upstream and / or downstream information.

[0066] 在一个实施例中,结合参阅图I-图3、图7,所述乳牛的养殖子系统具体可以包括:第一RFID读写器,用于通过读取乳牛的电子耳标获得乳牛的养殖信息,所述电子耳标为RFID标签;第一ONS服务器,即乳牛养殖场本地的ONS服务器,与所述第一RFID读写器连接,用于记录所述乳牛的养殖信息,并通过网络上传到所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 [0066] In one embodiment, I- Referring to FIG 3, FIG. 7, the specific dairy farming subsystem may include: a first RFID reader, for obtaining a dairy cow by reading an electronic ear tag breeding information, the electronic ear tag as an RFID tag; a first ONS server, i.e. local dairy farms ONS server, connected to the first RFID reader for recording the information dairy farming, and by network upload track and trace the dairy product supply chain subsystem.

[0067] 在一个实施例中,结合参阅图I-图3、图9,所述原料奶的生产子系统具体可以包括:第二RFID读写器,用于读取电子标签所存储的原料奶的生产信息,包括日产信息、原料奶品质检测信息、相关添加剂信息;第二ONS服务器,即原料奶生产企业的本地ONS服务器,与所述第二RFID读写器连接,用于记录所述原料奶的日产信息、原料奶品质检测信息、相关添加剂信息,并通过网络上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 [0067] In one embodiment, I- Referring to FIG 3, FIG. 9, the raw milk production subsystem may include: a second RFID reader for reading electronic tags stored raw milk production information, including information Nissan, raw milk quality detection information relevant additive; second ONS server, i.e. local raw milk producers ONS server connected to the second RFID reader for recording the starting material Nissan information milk, raw milk quality detection information related to the additive information and upload it to the dairy product supply chain track and trace the network subsystem.

[0068] 在一个实施例中,结合参阅图I-图3、图11,所述乳制品的加工子系统具体可以包括:至少一个传感器节点,通过无线信道与簇头节点连接,用于采集乳制品的加工环境信息并通过无线信道传输给簇头节点;至少一个簇头节点,通过无线信道与汇聚节点连接,用于接收所述至少一个传感器节点发送的数据,然后进行数据融合处理之后经无线信道传给汇聚节点;汇聚节点,用于接收所述至少一个簇头节点发送的数据,然后通过有线网络将汇总的采集数据传送给第三ONS服务器,并把相关指令传送给所述至少一个簇头节点;第三RFID读写器,用于读取电子标签所存储的乳制品的加工信息;以及,第三ONS服务器,与所述汇聚节点和所述第三RFID读写器连接,用于记录乳制品的加工环境信息和加工信息,并通过网络上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 [0068] In one embodiment, I- Referring to FIG 3, FIG. 11, the dairy processing subsystem may include: at least one sensor node connected to the cluster-head node through a wireless channel, for collecting milk and the article processing environment information to the cluster head node through a wireless channel; at least one head node, the sink node is connected through a wireless channel, for receiving the data transmitted by the at least one sensor node, then via a wireless data fusion process after channel pass sink node; sink node receiving the data for the at least one cluster-head node is transmitted, via a wired network and then the aggregated data to the third collection ONS server, and the related instructions to the at least one cluster head node; third RFID reader for reading electronic tag information stored in processing dairy products; and, third ONS server connected to the aggregation node and the third RFID reader, for recording environment information and processing information processed dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain network subsystem.

[0069] 传感器节点中安装有温湿度传感器,能实现对温度与湿度的周期查询。 [0069] The sensor node is installed in the temperature and humidity sensors, temperature and humidity can be achieved on the inquiry period. 首先各传感器节点和簇头节点组成星形拓扑网络,由传感器节点完成采集数据并通过无线信道传给簇头节点,然后簇头节点进行数据处理之后经无线信道传给汇聚节点。 After the first cluster head sensor nodes and a star topology network nodes, data collection is completed by the sensor nodes through the wireless channel and transmitted to the cluster head, the cluster head node then processes the data transmitted to the wireless channel aggregation node. 汇聚节点通过有线网络将汇总的采集数据传送给本地服务器,并把相关指令传给簇头节点。 Wired network sink node by the collected data to a local server transmits aggregated and transmitted to the cluster-head node associated instructions.

[0070] 在一个实施例中,结合参阅图I-图3、图13,所述乳制品的配送子系统具体可以包括:第四RFID读写器,用于获取电子标签所存储的乳制品的出入库信息;监控设备,用于接收GPS终端上传的数据,保存并上传到第四ONS服务器,即配送中心的服务器;至少一个GPS终端,通过GPRS网络和与监控设备实时通讯,发送GPS定位数据和车辆状态数据到该监控设备;以及第四ONS服务器,即配送中心的服务器,与所述第四RFID读写器和该监控设备连接,用于记录包含乳制品的出入库信息在内的乳制品的配送信息、GPS定位数据和车辆状态数据,并通过网络上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 [0070] In one embodiment, I- Referring to FIG 3, FIG. 13, the dairy product dispensing subsystem may include: a fourth dairy RFID reader, configured to obtain the stored electronic tag warehousing information; monitoring device, GPS terminal for receiving data uploaded, and uploaded to the fourth storage ONS server, i.e. the distribution server center; at least one GPS terminal via the GPRS network and the real-time communication with the monitoring device, GPS location data transmitted and the vehicle status data to the monitoring device; and a fourth ONS server, i.e. the distribution center server, connected to the fourth RFID reader and the monitoring device, for recording comprising dairy milk out of storage information including article delivery information, GPS location data and the vehicle status data, and upload it to the dairy product supply chain track and trace the network subsystem.

[0071] 在一个实施例中,结合参阅图I-图3、图15,所述乳制品的销售子系统具体可以包括:条形码扫描设备,用于通过扫描条形码,获取乳制品的销售信息;第五ONS服务器,即销售店的服务器,与所述条形码扫描设备连接,用于记录乳制品的销售信息,并通过网络上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 [0071] In one embodiment, I- Referring to FIG 3, FIG. 15, the dairy product sale subsystem may include: a barcode scanning device for scanning the bar code by, dairy sales information; first five ONS server, i.e., a store server connected to the bar code scanning device for sales information recording dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain network subsystem.

[0072] 在一个实施例中,结合参阅图I-图3,所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统具体可以包括:根ONS服务器,用于存储供应链上节点企业的本地ONS服务器的地址;对供应链上的各节点企业各自的本地ONS服务器地址进行注册,接受消费者在追溯系统上输入的产品追溯码,根据追溯码查找到与该追溯码对应的企业的本地ONS服务器地址,再通过该企业的本地ONS服务器获取产品信息; [0072] In one embodiment, I- Referring to FIG 3, the dairy product supply chain traceability tracking subsystem may include: root ONS server for the node address of the local enterprise storage ONS server on the supply chain; for each node enterprise supply chain respective local ONS server address to register, accept the product back yards consumers entered on the traceability system, find the corresponding to the back yards of local business address based on ONS server back yards, and through the company's local ONS server product information;

[0073] 数据库服务器,用于存储所述养殖信息、所述原料奶的生产信息、所述乳制品的加工信息、所述乳制品的配送信息和所述乳制品的销售信息;以及 [0073] The database server for storing the breeding information, production information of the raw milk, the dairy processing information, the distribution information and the dairy product dairy sales information;

[0074] 查询服务器,用于与手机客户端、B/S客户端、或者C/S客户端交互,接收包含产品编码信息的查询请求,并返回包含上游和/或下游产品信息的查询结果。 [0074] The query server, and a mobile client, B / S client or C / S client interaction, receiving query request containing the product encoded information, and returns a query result comprises an upstream and / or downstream of the product information.

[0075] 较佳地,所述乳牛的养殖子系统还可以进一步包括:RFID数据处理器,用于将读取的原始数据进行过滤处理,去除重复、不合法的数据。 [0075] Preferably, the dairy farming subsystem may further comprise: RFID data processor for the read original data filtration treatment, deduplication, illegal data.

[0076] 在又一实施例中,所述乳牛的养殖子系统,还用于采集、记录乳牛的养殖场信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0076] In yet another embodiment, the dairy farming subsystem is further configured to collect, record information dairy farms, dairy and uploaded to track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0077] 在又一实施例中,所述原料奶的生产子系统,还用于采集、记录原料奶的生产企业信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0077] In yet another embodiment, the raw milk production subsystem is further configured to collect, record information raw milk producers and dairy uploaded to track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0078] 在又一实施例中,所述乳制品的加工子系统,还用于采集、记录乳制品的加工企业信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0078] In yet another embodiment, the dairy product processing subsystem is further configured to collect, record dairy processing company information, and upload it to the dairy supply chain traceability tracking subsystem;

[0079] 在又一实施例中,所述乳制品的配送子系统,还用于采集、记录乳制品的配送中心信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0079] In yet another embodiment, the dairy product distribution subsystem is further configured to collect, record information distribution center dairy products, dairy and uploaded to track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0080] 在又一实施例中,所述乳制品的销售子系统,还用于采集、记录乳制品的销售店信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; [0080] In yet another embodiment, the dairy product sale subsystem is further configured to collect, store sales information recording dairy products, dairy and uploaded to track and trace the supply chain subsystem;

[0081] 在又一实施例中,所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统,还用于通过网络收集所述养殖场信息、所述原料奶的生产企业信息、所述乳制品的加工企业信息、所述乳制品的配送中心信息和所述乳制品的销售店信息,以及接收查询请求并返回包含上游/下游企业信息及产品信息的查询结果。 [0081] In yet another embodiment, the dairy product supply chain traceability tracking subsystem, the farms for further information collected by the network, the information producers of raw milk, the dairy processing business information , dealer information distribution center of the dairy product and the dairy product information, and receiving a query request and returns a query result comprises an upstream / downstream business information and product information.

[0082] 以下对本发明实施例的各子系统进行更为详细的说明: [0082] The following embodiments of the subsystems of the present invention will be described in more detail:

[0083] (I)乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统 [0083] (I) supply chain track and trace dairy subsystem

[0084] 图5为本发明实施例的乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统的功能结构示意图。 [0084] Fig 5 a schematic functional configuration example of the dairy supply chain traceability tracking subsystem embodiment of the present invention. 如图5所示,该乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统包括: 5, the dairy product supply chain traceability tracking subsystem comprising:

[0085] ①地址注册单元:用于存储供应链上节点企业的本地ONS服务器的地址,对供应链上的各节点企业各自的本地ONS服务器地址进行注册。 [0085] ① address registration unit: an address on the local storage ONS server node enterprise supply chain, for each node in the supply chain companies respective local ONS server address register.

[0086] ②数据管理单元:用于根据收集到的所述养殖信息、所述原料奶的生产信息、所述乳制品的加工信息、所述乳制品的配送信息和所述乳制品的销售信息,建立中心数据库,以确保信息一致性、整体性、可靠性和可恢复性。 [0086] ② data management unit: for breeding according to the information collected, the raw milk production information, processing information of the dairy product, a dairy product distribution information and the sales information dairy establishment of a central database to ensure information consistency, integrity, reliability, and recoverability.

[0087] ③数据备份单元:与该数据管理单元连接,用于实现对所述数据管理元中数据的备份,数据的导出、导入,以加强数据安全性。 [0087] ③ data backup unit: connecting the data management unit, to backup the data in the meta data management, data export, import, to enhance data security.

[0088] ④系统广品认证单兀:凡参与追溯系统的企业的广品,都应粘贴追溯系统的认证标签,管理标签的日常分发工作。 [0088] ④ single system wide product certification Wu: Where participation traceability system enterprise wide products, the label should be attached certified traceability system, the daily distribution work management label.

[0089] ⑤系统管理单元:用于对乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统的登录人员执行身份认证,并分配系统权限。 [0089] ⑤ system management unit: used to perform identity authentication of the person logging in the dairy supply chain track and trace subsystem, system and assign permissions.

[0090] ⑥信息查询单元:与该数据管理单元连接,用于供消费客户通过电话、手机短信、网络等方式查询乳制品的上游和/或下游产品信息。 [0090] ⑥ information query unit: connected with the data management unit for customer inquiries for consumption of dairy products upstream and / or downstream of product information via telephone, SMS, Internet and other means.

[0091] ⑦客户投诉单元:用于记录消费客户反映的投诉信息以及投诉信息的处理状况。 [0091] ⑦ customer complaints unit: for recording information processing status of complaints and complaint information reflects consumer customers.

[0092] 由以上所述,该跟踪追溯子系统的根ONS服务器包含地址注册单元;数据库服务器包含数据管理单元、数据备份单元、系统用户认证单元和系统产品认证单元;查询服务器包含系统管理单元、信息查询单元和客户投诉单元。 [0092] From the above, the track and trace the root ONS server subsystem includes address register means; data management unit comprises a database server, a data backup unit, a system and a system user authentication unit product authentication unit; query server system comprising a management unit, information inquiry unit and customer complaints unit.

[0093] (2)乳牛的养殖子系统 [0093] (2) dairy farming subsystem

[0094] 乳牛的养殖子系统即养殖场生产管理系统主要监管的是乳制品供应链的乳牛养殖环节。 [0094] cow breeding farm production management subsystem that is primarily regulatory system is dairy farming areas of the dairy supply chain. 乳牛养殖环节是乳制品供应链信息安全控制的起点,也是关键所在,利用养殖场生产管理系统记录牲畜从出生到出栏的所有信息,能够从源头上杜绝乳制品质量安全问题的产生。 Dairy cow breeding areas is the starting point of the supply chain information security control, but also the key to using farm livestock production management system records all the information from birth to slaughter, can put an end to produce quality and safety of dairy products from the source. 通过给乳牛安装基于RFID技术的电子耳标,饲养员可以用手持设备及时记录它们的喂料、免疫、检疫等信息传回乳牛的养殖子系统,并上传到乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 By installing electronic ear tags to dairy-based RFID technology, the breeder can use a handheld device timely record their information feeding, immunization, quarantine and other dairy farming subsystem returned, and upload it to the dairy supply chain track and trace subsystem. 图6为本发明实施例的乳牛的养殖子系统的功能结构示意图。 Figure 6 a schematic functional configuration dairy farming subsystem according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图6所示,乳牛的养殖子系统包括养殖场信息管理单元和养殖信息管理单元。 6, the subsystem includes a dairy farm farming information management unit and the breeding information management unit. 养殖场信息管理单元详细记录了养殖企业信息、职工信息、乳牛信息,用于管理养殖场基础数据;养殖信息管理单元详细记录了饲料采购信息,喂料信息、药品采购信息,疾病治疗及用药信息和检验检疫信息,用于管理乳牛的一系列养殖信息。 Farm information management unit detailed record of the farming enterprise information, staff information, information cows, farms basis for managing data; information management unit aquaculture feed a detailed record of procurement information, feeding information, drug procurement information, treatment of disease and medication information and inspection and quarantine information, information management for a series of breeding cows.

[0095] 图7为乳牛的养殖场子系统的架构示意图。 Farm subsystem architecture diagram [0095] FIG. 7 is a cow. 该子系统运用了RFID技术,RFID读写器自动读取乳牛的电子耳标信息,把接收到的信息通过网络传输到乳牛养殖场的服务器中。 The subsystem using RFID technology, RFID reader automatically reads the electronic cow ear tag information, the received information is transmitted to dairy farm server through a network. 图7中的PC机为本地企业的办公电脑,供企业员工登陆本地ONS服务器。 Figure 7 PC machine for the local business office computers for employees ONS landing local server.

[0096] (3)原料奶的生产子系统 [0096] (3) Production of raw milk subsystem

[0097] 图8为本发明实施例的原料奶的生产子系统的功能结构示意图。 [0097] FIG. 8 is a functional schematic configuration example of raw milk production subsystem embodiment of the present invention. 如图8所示,原料奶的生产子系统包括:原料奶生产企业信息管理单元和原料奶生产信息管理单元。 8, raw milk production subsystem comprising: raw milk production and enterprise information management unit raw milk production information managing unit. 原料奶生产企业信息管理单元详细记录了生产企业信息管理和职工信息,用于管理原料奶生产企业的基础数据;原料奶生产信息管理单元详细记录了日产奶量信息、牛奶品质检测信息、相关添加剂信息、仓储信息等用于管理原料奶的一系列生产信息。 Raw milk production enterprise information management unit detailed records of production and enterprise information management and information workers, basic data management for raw milk production enterprises; raw milk production information management unit detailed record of daily milk yield information, milk quality testing information related additives information, storage information and other information management for a series of production of raw milk.

[0098] 图9为原料奶的生产子系统的架构示意图。 [0098] FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the architecture of the raw milk production subsystem. 该子系统运用了RFID技术,RFID读写器自动读取原料奶生产车间奶箱的电子标签信息,把接收到的信息通过网络传输到原料奶生产企业的服务器中。 The subsystem using RFID technology, RFID reader automatically reads milk cartons workshop raw milk electronic tag information, the received information is transmitted to the enterprise server raw milk production through a network.

[0099] (4)乳制品的加工子系统 [0099] (4) Dairy processing subsystem

[0100] 原料奶在原料奶生产企业进行品质检验合格后进入生产企业加工环节,图10为本发明实施例的乳制品的加工子系统的功能结构示意图。 After the [0100] inspection for quality of raw milk raw milk into the production company business processing sectors, FIG. 10 a schematic functional configuration dairy processing subsystem according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图10所示,乳制品的加工子系统包括:加工企业信息管理单元和乳制品的加工信息管理单元。 , Dairy processing subsystem 10 shown in FIG comprising: processing enterprise information management unit and dairy processing information management unit. 加工企业信息管理单元详细记录了加工企业信息和职工信息,用于管理加工企业的基础数据;乳制品的加工信息管理单元详细记录了生产批次信息、生产量信息及仓储信息,用于管理乳制品的一系列乳制品的加工信息。 Processing enterprise information management unit detailed records of employee information and processing enterprise information for basic data management and processing enterprises; dairy processing information management unit detailed records of the production batch information, production information and storage information for managing milk a series of information processing dairy products.

[0101] 图11为乳制品加工子系统的架构示意图。 [0101] FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the architecture dairy processing subsystem. 该系统运用了RFID技术、Wi-Fi技术和无线传感器网络技术。 The system uses the RFID technology, Wi-Fi technology and wireless sensor networks. RFID读写器自动读取乳制品的生产批次等加工信息,把接收到的信息通过网络传输到乳制品加工企业的服务器中;多个传感器节点,用于采集乳制品的加工环境信息并通过无线信道传输给簇头节点;至少一个簇头节点, 用于接收所述至少一个传感器节点发送的数据,然后进行数据融合处理之后经无线信道传给汇聚节点;汇聚节点,用于接收所述至少一个簇头节点发送的数据,然后通过有线网络将汇总的采集数据传送给乳制品加工企业的服务器中,并把相关指令传送给所述至少一个簇头节点。 RFID reader automatically reads a production lot of dairy and other processing information, the received information is transmitted to the dairy processing enterprise server via a network; a plurality of sensor nodes, for processing the environment information collected by the dairy and a wireless channel to the cluster-head node; after at least one cluster head node, for receiving the data transmitted by the at least one sensor node, then the data transmitted to the radio channel via fusion sink node; sink node, for receiving the at least transmitting a data cluster head node, and transfer the collected data to the dairy processing aggregated enterprise server through a wired network, and transmits an instruction related to said at least one cluster head node. 可选地,每一个簇头节点可以与多个传感器节点构成星形拓扑结构,较佳地可形成多个星形拓扑网络结构。 Alternatively, each cluster head node may be configured in a star topology with a plurality of sensor nodes may be formed in a plurality of preferably star topology network structure.

[0102] (5)乳制品的配送子系统 [0102] (5) a dairy product distribution subsystem

[0103] 图12为本发明实施例的乳制品的配送子系统的功能结构示意图,如图12所示,乳制品的配送子系统包括:配送中心信息管理单元和配送信息管理单元。 [0103] FIG 12 a schematic view of the distribution function subsystem dairy embodiment of the present invention, shown in Figure 12, a dairy product distribution subsystem comprising: a distribution center and the distribution information managing unit information management unit. 配送中心信息管理单元详细记录了配送中心信息和人员信息,用于管理配送中心的基础数据;配送信息管理单元详细记录了产品入库信息,产品出库信息和仓储信息,用于管理一系列配送信息。 Detailed information distribution center management unit and records the information distribution center personnel information, for managing the underlying data distribution center; distribution information management unit records the detailed information, product information and outbound information storage product storage, for managing a series of distribution information.

[0104] 图13为配送子系统的架构示意图。 [0104] FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of the architecture of the distribution subsystem. 该子系统运用了RFID技术、GPS技术。 The subsystem use of RFID technology, GPS technology. RFID读写器,用于获取电子标签所存储的乳制品的出入库信息;至少一个GPS终端,通过GPRS网络与监控设备(如监控电脑)实时通讯,发送GPS定位数据和车辆状态数据到监控设备;监控设备,用于接收GPS终端上传的数据,保存并上传到配送中心的服务器中。 RFID reader for obtaining the storage information stored in the electronic tag dairy products; at least one GPS terminal via the GPRS network and the monitoring device (e.g., computer monitor) real-time communication, data transmission and GPS location data to the vehicle state monitoring device ; monitoring device, GPS terminal for receiving data uploaded, and uploaded to the server stored in the distribution center. 配送中心的服务器,与该RFID读写器和该监控设备连接,用于记录包含乳制品的出入库信息在内的乳制品的配送信息、GPS定位数据和车辆状态数据,并通过网络上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 Distribution server information distribution center, the RFID reader and connected to the monitoring device, for recording information comprising the storage of dairy products including dairy products, GPS positioning data and the vehicle status data are uploaded to the network and said dairy product supply chain traceability tracking subsystem.

[0105] (6)乳制品的销售子系统 [0105] (6) subsystem dairy sales

[0106] 在销售环节中,基于管理系统对流入流出各个销售店的乳制品进行数据采集并将其保存到销售点数据库中。 [0106] in the sales cycle, a management system based on the inflow and outflow of dairy products each dealer for data collection and save it to the point of sale database.

[0107] 图14为本发明实施例的乳制品的销售子系统的功能结构示意图,如图14所示,乳制品的销售子系统包括:销售店信息管理单元和销售信息管理单元。 [0107] FIG. 14 is a functional schematic structure of the sale subsystem dairy embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 14, a dairy product sale subsystem comprising: a sales information management unit stores and sales information management unit. 销售店信息管理单元详细记录了销售店信息和销售人员信息,用于管理销售店的基础数据;销售信息管理单元详细记录了订单信息、零售信息和销售日常信息,用于管理一系列销售信息。 Store sales information management unit stores the information detailed records of sales and marketing personnel information for basic data management sales store; detailed sales information management unit records the order information, information and retail sales of daily information for managing a series of sales information.

[0108] 图15为本发明实施例中销售店子系统的架构示意图。 [0108] FIG 15 a schematic diagram of the architecture of a store subsystem embodiment of the present invention. 该子系统运用了条码技术。 The subsystem use of bar code technology. 条形码扫描设备,用于通过扫描条形码,获取乳制品的销售信息,然后通过以太网把数据传输到销售店的服务器中。 Bar code scanning equipment, used by scanning a barcode, dairy sales information, and then transmit the data via Ethernet to the dealer server.

[0109] 5.数据流图 [0109] The data flow of FIG.

[0110] 为增强系统应用的生命力,系统设计时将采用统一的、规范的数据流程,并采用相应的策略来控制数据的流向。 [0110] To enhance the vitality of the system application, the unified system design, specification of data flow, and use the appropriate strategies to control the flow of data. 数据流图的统一和规范,不仅是实现系统功能的要求,而且是为了满足系统能更好的与相关系统进行数据共享和交流的需要。 Data flow diagram of unified and standardized, not only the realization of system functions required, and the system is designed to meet the need for better data sharing and exchange with related systems. 图16为本发明实施例的基于物联网的乳制品供应链追溯系统的数据流图。 FIG 16 based on the data flow graph things dairy supply chain traceability system according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图16所示,一方面,链上各节点企业将信息传到中心数据库:乳牛的养殖场将养殖场信息和养殖信息传到中心数据库;原料奶的生产企业将原料奶生产企业信息和原料奶生产信息传到中心数据库;乳制品的加工企业将乳制品加工企业信息和乳制品加工信息传到中心数据库;乳制品的配送中心将配送中心信息和配送信息传到中心数据库;乳制品的销售店将销售店信息和销售信息传到中心数据库。 16, on the one hand, each node on the enterprise information to the central database chains: the dairy farm and breeding farms information to the information center database; raw milk, raw milk, the company information and feed producers milk production information to the central database; dairy processing enterprises to dairy processing and dairy enterprise information processing information to the central database; dairy products distribution center and the distribution center of information distribution information to the central database; sales of dairy products the dealer store information and sales information to the central database. 另一方面,相关机构或管理部门将食品安全公告、监测指标常识等信息传送到中心数据库。 On the other hand, the relevant agencies or authorities to transfer food security bulletin, knowledge of monitoring indicators and other information to a central database. 又一方面,由于各企业间的业务往来,下级生产商往往需要上级供应商的有关原材料的安全信息。 Yet another aspect, because the business dealings between the various companies, manufacturers often require lower safety information about higher raw material suppliers.

[0111] 为了更详细说明基于物联网的乳制品供应链追溯系统的跟踪和追溯过程,图17给出了乳制品供应链跟踪与追溯序列图与活动图。 [0111] For a more detailed description of the track and trace things dairy supply chain process based traceability system, Figure 17 shows the dairy supply chain traceability and activities sequence diagram in FIG. 如图17所示,发送产品编码信号送到该乳制品供应追溯系统,该系统进行产品编码查询,在数据库服务器的产品信息库中查询相关编码得到结果,记录查询结果并进行判断,如果不存在该产品编码,返回空结果退出;如果存在该产品编码,就对该产品编码进行上游产品信息查询和下游产品信息查询。 As shown, the transmission 17 to the coded signal of the product of dairy products traceability system for product code query, the query is encoded in the product information database in the database server to obtain a result, and record the results of the query is determined, if there is no the product code, returns an empty result exit; if the product code is present, the product encoded upstream of the downstream product and product information inquiry information query. 上游产品信息查询之后,如没有上游产品信息返回查询结果退出,如果有上游产品信息,显示上游产品信息并回到产品信息库继续追溯,此为乳制品供应链追溯过程。 After the upstream product information inquiry, as there is no upstream product information return query results to exit, if the upstream product information, product information displays and return to the upstream product information database continues retrospective, this is the dairy supply chain traceability process. 下游产品信息查询之后,如没有下游产品信息返回查询结果退出,如果有下游产品信息,显示下游产品信息并回·到产品信息库继续跟踪,此为乳制品供应链跟踪过程。 After the downstream product information inquiry, if there is no downstream product information return query results to exit, if there is a downstream product information, product information and display the downstream back-to continue to track product information database, this is the dairy supply chain tracking process. 其中产品信息例如包括生产信息等。 Wherein the product information includes production information.

[0112] 以上实施例仅用以说明本发明实施例的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述实施例对本发明实施例进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明实施例各实施例技术方案的精神和范围。 [0112] In the foregoing embodiments are merely illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, rather than limiting; Although the foregoing embodiments with reference to the embodiments of the present invention has been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: that they may still spirit such modifications or replacements do not cause the essence of corresponding technical solutions to depart from embodiments of the present invention the technical solution of the embodiments; may be made to the technical solutions described in each embodiment of the modified or some technical features make equivalent replacements and scope.

Claims (14)

1. 一种基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统,其特征在于,所述追溯系统包括:通过网络互相连接的多个子系统,所述多个子系统包括:乳牛的养殖子系统、原料奶的生产子系统、乳制品的加工子系统、乳制品的配送子系统、乳制品的销售子系统和乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述乳牛的养殖子系统,用于采集、记录乳牛的养殖信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述原料奶的生产子系统,用于采集、记录原料奶的生产信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述乳制品的加工子系统,用于采集、记录乳制品的加工信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述乳制品的配送子系统,用于采集、记录乳制品的配送信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述乳制品的销售子系统,用于采集 An IOT dairy-based supply chain information traceability system, characterized in that said traceability system comprising: a plurality of interconnected sub-networks, said plurality of subsystems includes: subsystem dairy farming, raw milk production subsystem, dairy processing subsystem, dairy distribution subsystem, the sale subsystem dairy and dairy supply chain track and trace subsystem; dairy farming the subsystem for acquisition, recording of cows breeding information and upload it to the dairy product supply chain track and trace subsystem; raw milk production of the subsystem for acquisition, recording production information raw milk, dairy product and uploaded to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem ; the dairy processing subsystem for acquisition, processing information recording dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem; dairy product distribution of the subsystem for acquisition, recording milk article delivery information and upload it to the dairy product supply chain track and trace subsystem; the dairy product sale subsystem for acquiring 记录乳制品的销售信息,并上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统,用于通过网络收集所述养殖信息、所述原料奶的生产信息、所述乳制品的加工信息、所述乳制品的配送信息和所述乳制品的销售信息,以及接收查询请求并返回包含上游和/或下游信息的查询结果。 Sales information recording dairy and dairy uploaded to the track and trace the supply chain subsystem; dairy product supply chain track and trace the subsystem for the breeding information collected through the network, the raw milk production information, the dairy processing information, sales information of the dairy product and the dairy product distribution information, and receiving a query request and returning an upstream and / or downstream of the query result containing information.
2.根据权利要求I所述的系统,其特征在于,所述乳牛的养殖子系统包括: 第一RFID读写器,用于通过读取乳牛的电子耳标获得乳牛的养殖信息,所述电子耳标为RFID标签; 第一对象名解析ONS服务器,与所述第一RFID读写器连接,用于记录所述乳牛的养殖信息,并通过网络上传到所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 2. The system according to claim I, characterized in that said dairy farming subsystem comprising: a first RFID reader, to obtain information for breeding dairy cows by reading an electronic ear tag, the electronic ear tag is an RFID tag; a first Object name ONS server connected to the first RFID reader for dairy farming information recording and upload it to the dairy product supply chain track and trace the network subsystem .
3.根据权利要求I所述的系统,其特征在于,所述原料奶的生产子系统包括: 第二RFID读写器,用于读取电子标签所存储的原料奶的日产信息、原料奶品质检测信息、相关添加剂信息; 第二ONS服务器,与所述第二RFID读写器连接,用于记录所述原料奶的日产信息、原料奶品质检测信息、相关添加剂信息,并通过网络上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 3. The system of claim I in claim 1, wherein said raw milk production subsystem comprising: a second RFID reader for reading information Nissan raw milk stored in the electronic tag, the quality of raw milk detecting information related to the additive information; a second ONS server connected to the second RFID reader for recording the information Nissan raw milk, raw milk quality detection information, information relevant additives, are uploaded to the network and said dairy product supply chain traceability tracking subsystem.
4.根据权利要求I所述的系统,其特征在于,所述乳制品的加工子系统包括: 至少一个传感器节点,通过无线信道与簇头节点连接,用于采集乳制品的加工环境信息并通过无线信道传输给簇头节点; 至少一个簇头节点,通过无线信道与汇聚节点连接,用于接收所述至少一个传感器节点发送的数据,然后进行数据融合处理之后经无线信道传给汇聚节点; 汇聚节点,用于接收所述至少一个簇头节点发送的数据,然后通过有线网络将汇总的采集数据传送给第三ONS服务器,并把相关指令传送给所述至少一个簇头节点; 第三RFID读写器,用于读取电子标签所存储的乳制品的加工信息; 第三ONS服务器,与所述汇聚节点和所述第三RFID读写器连接,用于记录所述乳制品的加工环境信息和加工信息,并通过网络上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 4. The system of claim I, wherein said dairy product processing subsystem comprising: at least one sensor node connected to the cluster-head node through a wireless channel, for dairy processing environment information collected by a wireless channel to the cluster-head node; at least one head node, the sink node is connected through a wireless channel, for receiving the data transmitted by the at least one sensor node, then after the radio channels transmitted by the data fusion sink node; aggregation node for receiving the at least one cluster head transmits data through a wired network and then the aggregated data to the third collection ONS server, and the related instructions to the at least one cluster-head node; third RFID reader writer for reading and processing information stored in the electronic tag dairy products; third ONS server, the aggregation node and the third RFID reader is connected, for recording the environment information processing dairy product and processing information and upload it to the dairy product supply chain track and trace the network subsystem.
5.根据权利要求4所述的系统,其特征在于,所述每一个簇头节点与多个所述传感器节点组成星形拓扑网络。 5. The system according to claim 4, wherein each of said cluster-head node to the plurality of sensor nodes and a star topology network.
6.根据权利要求I所述的系统,其特征在于,所述乳制品的配送子系统包括: 第四RFID读写器,用于获取电子标签所存储的乳制品的出入库信息; 监控设备,用于接收GPS终端上传的数据,保存并上传到第四ONS服务器; 至少一个GPS终端,通过GPRS网络与所述监控设备实时通讯,发送GPS定位数据和车辆状态数据到所述监控设备; 第四ONS服务器,与所述第四RFID读写器和所述监控设备连接,用于记录包含乳制品的出入库信息在内的乳制品的配送信息、GPS定位数据和车辆状态数据,并通过网络上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 6. The system according to claim I, characterized in that the dairy product distribution subsystem comprising: a fourth RFID reader, for obtaining the dairy electronic tag information stored in the storage; monitoring equipment, GPS terminal for receiving data uploaded, and uploaded to the fourth storage ONS server; at least one GPS terminal, real-time communication through the GPRS network with the monitoring device, GPS location data and transmit vehicle status data to the monitoring device; fourth ONS server, and the fourth RFID reader and connected to the monitoring device, the delivery information out of storage for information recording, including dairy products comprising dairy products, GPS positioning data and the vehicle status data, through the network upload the dairy product to track and trace the supply chain subsystem.
7.根据权利要求I所述的系统,其特征在于,所述乳制品的销售子系统包括: 条形码扫描设备,用于通过扫描条形码,获取乳制品的销售信息; 第五ONS服务器,与所述条形码扫描设备连接,用于记录乳制品的销售信息,并通过网络上传至所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统。 7. The system according to claim I, characterized in that the dairy product sale subsystem comprises: a barcode scanning device for scanning the bar code by, dairy sales information; fifth ONS server, and the a barcode scanning device connected to sales information recording dairy products, dairy product and upload it to the track and trace the supply chain network subsystem.
8.根据权利要求I所述的系统,其特征在于,所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统包括: 根ONS服务器,用于存储供应链上节点企业的本地ONS服务器的地址;对供应链上的各节点企业各自的本地ONS服务器地址进行注册; 数据库服务器,用于存储所述养殖信息、所述原料奶的生产信息、所述乳制品的加工信息、所述乳制品的配送信息和所述乳制品的销售信息; 查询服务器,用于与手机客户端、B/S客户端、或者C/S客户端交互,接收包含产品编码信息的查询请求,并返回包含上游和/或下游产品信息的查询结果。 8. The system according to claim I, characterized in that the dairy product supply chain traceability tracking subsystem comprising: a root ONS server for the address of the local storage ONS server node enterprise supply chain; supply chain pair each respective local nodes ONS server business address register; database server for storing information of the culture, the raw milk production information, delivery information of the information processing dairy product, a dairy product and the dairy sales information; query the server for the mobile client, B / S client or C / S client interaction, receives a query request product encoded information, and returns a upstream and / or downstream of the product information search result.
9.根据权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于,所述乳牛的养殖子系统还包括:RFID数据处理器,用于将读取的原始数据进行过滤处理,去除重复、不合法的数据。 9. The system according to claim 2, wherein said dairy farming subsystem further comprises: RFID data processor for the read original data filtration treatment, deduplication, illegal data.
10.根据权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于,所述第一 RFID读写器为固定式或者手持式的RFID读写器。 10. The system according to claim 2, wherein said first RFID reader is a handheld or fixed RFID reader.
11.根据权利要求I所述的系统,其特征在于, 所述乳牛的养殖子系统,还用于采集、记录乳牛的养殖场信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述原料奶的生产子系统,还用于采集、记录原料奶的生产企业信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述乳制品的加工子系统,还用于采集、记录乳制品的加工企业信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述乳制品的配送子系统,还用于采集、记录乳制品的配送中心信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述乳制品的销售子系统,还用于采集、记录乳制品的销售店信息,并上传至乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统; 所述乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统,还用于通过网络收集所述养殖场信息、所述原料奶的生产企业信息、所述乳制品的加工企业信息、所述乳制品的配送中心信息 11. The system according to claim I, characterized in that said dairy farming subsystem is further configured to collect, record information dairy farms, dairy and uploaded to track and trace the supply chain subsystem; the starting material milk production subsystem is further configured to collect, record information raw milk producers and dairy uploaded to track and trace the supply chain subsystem; the dairy processing subsystem is further configured to collect, record processing dairy products business information and upload it to the dairy supply chain track and trace subsystem; the dairy product distribution subsystem is further configured to collect, record information distribution center dairy products, dairy and uploaded to track and trace the supply chain subsystem; the said dairy product sale subsystem is further configured to collect, store sales information recording dairy products, dairy and uploaded to track and trace the supply chain subsystem; dairy product supply chain track and trace the subsystem is further configured to collect the network the farm information, the raw milk production enterprise information, the dairy processing business information, the dairy products distribution center information 和所述乳制品的销售店信息,以及接收查询请求并返回包含上游/下游企业信息及产品信息的查询结果o Dairy products and the dealer information, and receiving a query request and returns a query result comprises an upstream / downstream business information and product information o
12.根据权利要求8所述的系统,其特征在于,所述根ONS服务器,包括: 地址注册单元,用于存储供应链上节点企业的本地ONS服务器的地址,对供应链上的各节点企业各自的本地ONS服务器地址进行注册; 所述数据库服务器,包括: 数据管理单元,用于根据收集到的所述养殖信息、所述原料奶的生产信息、所述乳制品的加工信息、所述乳制品的配送信息和所述乳制品的销售信息,建立中心数据库; 数据备份单元,与所述数据管理单元连接,用于实现对所述数据管理元中数据的备份,以及数据的导出和导入; 系统产品认证单元,用于管理标签的日常分发工作; 所述查询服务器,包括: 系统管理单元,用于对乳制品供应链跟踪追溯子系统的登录人员执行身份认证,并分配系统权限; 信息查询单元,与所述数据管理单元连接,用于供消费客户通过电话、 12. The system according to claim 8, wherein said root ONS server, comprising: an address registration unit, an address on the local storage ONS server node enterprise supply chain, for each node in the supply chain companies respective local address register ONS server; the database server, comprising: a data management unit, according to the breeding information collected, the raw milk production information, processing information of the dairy product, the milk and the delivery information dairy product sales information, the establishment of a central database; data backup unit, connected with the data management unit, to backup the data in the metadata management data, and export and import of data; product certification system unit for managing label daily distribution work; the query server, including: system management unit for performing authentication of the person logging in the dairy supply chain track and trace subsystem and allocate system privileges; information query means, connected with the data management unit consumption for the customer by telephone, 机短信、网络等方式查询乳制品的上游和/或下游产品信息; 客户投诉单元,用于记录消费客户反映的投诉信息以及投诉信息的处理状况。 Upstream machine text messaging, Internet, etc. query dairy products and / or downstream products; customer complaints unit, consumer complaint information is used to record customer complaints reflect well it is handling information.
13. 一种基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯方法,其特征在于,所述方法适用于权利要求1-12中任一项所述的基于物联网的乳制品供应链信息追溯系统,所述方法包括: 接收包含产品编码的查询请求; 判断是否存在所述产品编码,当存在所述产品编码时,根据所述产品编码进行上游产品信息查询和/或下游产品信息查询; 返回包含上游产品信息和/或下游产品信息的查询结果。 A dairy product supply chain information tracing method based on things, characterized in that the method is applicable to any of claims 1-12 said things dairy supply chain traceability information system based on the said method comprising: receiving a query request includes a product code; determining whether the presence of the product code, the product code is present when, for the upstream product information inquiry and / or downstream of the product according to the product code information query; return upstream product comprising information and query results / or product information downstream.
14.根据权利要求13所述的方法,其特征在于,根据所述产品编码进行上游产品信息查询和/或下游产品信息查询包括: 判断是否有上游产品信息,当没有上游产品信息时返回查询结果并退出查询,当有上游产品信息时显示上游产品信息并且继续追溯查询上一级的上游产品信息;和/或, 判断是否有下游产品信息,当没有下游产品信息时返回查询结果并退出查询,当有下游产品信息时显示下游产品信息并且继续跟踪查询下一级的下游产品信息。 14. The method according to claim 13, wherein, according to said product encoded upstream product information inquiry and / or downstream of the product information query comprises: determining whether an upstream product information, returns a query result when no upstream Products and exit query, display product information when the upstream upstream product information and continues on a retrospective query upstream product information; and / or, determines whether the downstream product information, returns a query result when no downstream product inquiry information and exit, downstream display product information when there is a downstream product information and keep track of the downstream product-level information under inquiry.
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