CN102721193A - Focusing type solar heat collecting device and heat collecting system - Google Patents

Focusing type solar heat collecting device and heat collecting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102721193A
CN102721193A CN2012102242928A CN201210224292A CN102721193A CN 102721193 A CN102721193 A CN 102721193A CN 2012102242928 A CN2012102242928 A CN 2012102242928A CN 201210224292 A CN201210224292 A CN 201210224292A CN 102721193 A CN102721193 A CN 102721193A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
type solar
heat collecting
thermal
heat collector
solar heat
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012102242928A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏致俊
Original Assignee
夏致俊
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201210016129.2 priority Critical
Priority to CN201210016129 priority
Application filed by 夏致俊 filed Critical 夏致俊
Priority to CN2012102242928A priority patent/CN102721193A/en
Publication of CN102721193A publication Critical patent/CN102721193A/en

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The invention relates to a focusing type solar heat collecting device and a heat collecting system. The focusing type solar heat collecting device comprises a condensing lens, wherein a heat collecting pipeline is arranged outside the condensing lens, a heat collecting head is arranged on the heat collecting pipeline, and a focal point of the condensing lens is located on the heat collecting head. The condensing lens is installed on a connecting frame. A support frame is arranged on the periphery of the connecting frame, is connected onto a fixing frame through a first rotary shaft in the Y-shaft direction and can rotate around the first rotary shaft. The connecting frame is connected onto the support frame through a second rotary shaft in the X-shaft direction and can rotate around the second rotary shaft. The axes of the first rotary shaft and the second rotary shaft are intersected, and an intersection point is located within a range of the heat collecting head. A light receiving angle of the condensing lens can be adjusted, the heat collecting efficiency is high, the structure is simple, and adjustment is convenient.

Description

Columnating type solar heat collector and collecting system

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Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of Columnating type solar heat collector and collecting system.

Background technology

People are in order to practice thrift and to reduce pollution at present, and the device that utilizes solar energy to carry out thermal-arrest gets more and more.The solar energy heat collector of prior art all is to be fixed on some places; The condenser (convex lens or concave mirror) that is used for focusing sunlight on this device is towards also fixing, because the rotation of the earth, 1 year four seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter, day every day rise sunset; The lighting angle of the sun is at every moment all changing; Condenser can not be at every moment all over against the sun, so the sunshine utilization rate is very low, and the heat collector of sunshine has also appearred following the tracks of in prior art at present; But the common volume ratio of these equipment is huger, cost is high, complex structure, installation inconvenient, spotlight effect is undesirable; Dust in air all can have influence on sunlit circuit simultaneously, and weakens the energy of sunshine, and therefore the thermal efficiency of such heat collector is relatively poor.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem that the present invention will solve provides a kind of light angle that can regulate lens, and collecting efficiency is high, and Columnating type solar heat collector simple in structure, easy to adjust and use the collecting system of this device.

In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, Columnating type solar heat collector of the present invention comprises a condenser, and condenser is outside equipped with heat collecting pipeline, and heat collecting pipeline is provided with the thermal-arrest head, and the focus of condenser is positioned on the thermal-arrest head; Condenser is installed on the link; The link outer periphery is equipped with bracing frame; Bracing frame is connected on the fixed mount through first rotating shaft on the Y direction and can rotates around first rotating shaft, and link is connected on the bracing frame through second rotating shaft on the X-direction and can rotates around second rotating shaft; The axial line of first rotating shaft and second rotating shaft intersects, and its intersection point is positioned at thermal-arrest head scope.

Said thermal-arrest head periphery is with the vacuum glass cover.

Said thermal-arrest head outer wall is provided with the heat absorption muscle.

The inwall of said thermal-arrest head is provided with cellular heat-dissipating cylinder.

Be provided with the deflection plate that extend in the thermal-arrest head in the said heat collecting pipeline.

Said heat collecting pipeline outer periphery is equipped with heat-insulation layer.

A kind of collecting system of using above-mentioned Columnating type solar heat collector, said Columnating type solar heat collector are provided with a plurality of and are arranged as the multiple row array, and each Columnating type solar heat collector is provided with pin joint; The link of each line focusing formula solar energy heat collector is hinged on the longitudinal rod through pin joint and can drives swing by longitudinal rod; The longitudinal rod of each row is hinged on the transverse link jointly, and can be driven by transverse link.

Described a plurality of Columnating type solar heat collector is arranged in the transparent seal chamber.

Said seal chamber top is provided with the clearing apparatus that can move back and forth.

The invention has the advantages that:

1, because being independent of the thermal-arrest head, lens combination carries out the orientation adjusting; Not only the free degree is big, adjusting is easy to operate; The link and the bracing frame that can rotate around the rotating shaft of decussation through being provided with simultaneously; Make lens can be adjusted to any three-dimensional viewpoin scope, tracking position of sun is to improve the thermal-arrest rate easily;

2, the heat absorption muscle and the heat-dissipating cylinder of the inside and outside setting of thermal-arrest head can fully absorb the heat that condenser is assembled, and have further improved heat exchanger effectiveness;

3, be provided with the deflection plate that extend in the thermal-arrest head in the heat collecting pipeline, the liquid in the thermal-collecting tube can flow along thermal-arrest head inwall under the barrier effect of deflector, further improves Heat-collecting effect; The condenser of a plurality of heat collectors connects into the integral body of synchronization action through longitudinal rod and transverse link, swing simultaneously at outside force, constantly keeps best light angle with the sun, to obtain higher sunshine utilization rate;

4, a plurality of heat collectors are arranged in the seal chamber; The upper surface of seal chamber is provided with the seal cover board by the clear glass capping; Can further improve Heat-collecting effect to a certain extent on the one hand, also can play windproof dustproof effect on the other hand;

5, but the top of seal cover board is provided with the mobile device that moves around on the along continuous straight runs; The below of mobile device is provided with clearing apparatus; The clearing apparatus that is provided with thus can drop on the dust on the seal cover board through cleaning, improves light transmittance, with further raising Heat-collecting effect.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Columnating type solar heat collector embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is bracing frame and the link structural representation of Columnating type solar heat collector embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the first example structure sketch map of collecting system of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the second example structure sketch map of collecting system of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment, automatic tracking heat collection device of Columnating type solar of the present invention and the collecting system of using this device are done further explain.

Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2; The automatic tracking heat collection device of Columnating type solar of the present invention comprises condenser 1, and this condenser 1 is convex lens; Convex lens are fixedly mounted on the link 5; Link 5 outer periphery are equipped with bracing frame 6, and bracing frame 6 is connected on the fixed mount 8 through first rotating shaft 7 on the Y direction and can rotates around first rotating shaft 7, and link 5 is connected on the bracing frame 6 through second rotating shaft 3 on the X-direction and can rotates around second rotating shaft 3; The axial line of first rotating shaft 7 and second rotating shaft 3 intersects, and its intersection point is positioned at thermal-arrest head scope; Condenser is outside equipped with heat collecting pipeline 4, and heat collecting pipeline 4 is provided with the thermal-arrest head 10 that is with vacuum glass cover 9, and the focus of condenser is positioned on the thermal-arrest head; The inner wall surface of thermal-arrest head 10 is provided with cellular heat-dissipating cylinder 19, and thermal-arrest head 10 outer walls are provided with heat absorption muscle 11, are provided with the deflection plate 12 that extend in the thermal-arrest head 10 in the heat collecting pipeline 4.

As shown in Figure 3, to use in the collecting system of above-mentioned Columnating type solar heat collector, the Columnating type solar heat collector is provided with a plurality of and is arranged as the multiple row array, and the link 5 of each Columnating type solar heat collector is provided with pin joint 13; The link of each line focusing formula solar energy heat collector is hinged on the longitudinal rod 17 through pin joint and can drives swing by longitudinal rod; The longitudinal rod 17 of each row is hinged on the transverse link 14 jointly, and can be driven by transverse link.

As shown in Figure 4, further a plurality of Columnating type solar heat collectors are arranged in the transparent seal chamber 15 on the basis of described collecting system in the above, but the top of seal chamber 15 is provided with the clearing apparatus 18 that moves around on the along continuous straight runs.

Claims (9)

1. Columnating type solar heat collector, it is characterized in that: it comprises a condenser (1), and condenser is outside equipped with heat collecting pipeline (4), and heat collecting pipeline is provided with thermal-arrest head (10), and the focus of condenser is positioned on the thermal-arrest head; Condenser is installed on the link (5); The link outer periphery is equipped with bracing frame (6); Bracing frame is connected fixed mount (8) through first rotating shaft (7) on the Y direction and goes up also and can rotate around first rotating shaft, and link (5) is connected bracing frame (6) through second rotating shaft (3) on the X-direction and goes up and can rotate around second rotating shaft; The axial line of said first rotating shaft (7) and second rotating shaft (3) intersects, and its intersection point is positioned at thermal-arrest head scope.
2. according to the described Columnating type solar heat collector of claim 1, it is characterized in that: said thermal-arrest head (10) periphery is with vacuum glass cover (9).
3. according to the described Columnating type solar heat collector of claim 1, it is characterized in that: said thermal-arrest head (10) outer wall is provided with heat absorption muscle (11).
4. according to the described Columnating type solar heat collector of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the inwall of said thermal-arrest head (10) is provided with cellular heat-dissipating cylinder (19).
5. according to the described Columnating type solar heat collector of claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with the deflection plate (12) that extend in the thermal-arrest head in the said heat collecting pipeline (4).
6. according to the described Columnating type solar heat collector of claim 1, it is characterized in that: said heat collecting pipeline outer periphery is equipped with heat-insulation layer.
7. an application rights requires the solar thermal collection system of the Columnating type solar heat collector of one of 1-3; It is characterized in that: the Columnating type solar heat collector is provided with a plurality of; And being arranged as the multiple row array, the link of each Columnating type solar heat collector (5) is provided with pin joint (13); The link (5) of each line focusing formula solar energy heat collector is hinged on a longitudinal rod (17) through pin joint and goes up also and can drive swing by longitudinal rod; The longitudinal rod (17) of each row is hinged on the transverse link (14) jointly, and can be driven by transverse link.
8. according to the described solar thermal collection system of claim 7, it is characterized in that: a plurality of Columnating type solar heat collectors are arranged in the transparent seal chamber (15).
9. according to the described solar thermal collection system of claim 8, it is characterized in that: seal chamber (15) but the top be provided with the clearing apparatus (18) that moves around on the along continuous straight runs.
CN2012102242928A 2012-01-13 2012-07-02 Focusing type solar heat collecting device and heat collecting system CN102721193A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210016129.2 2012-01-13
CN201210016129 2012-01-13
CN2012102242928A CN102721193A (en) 2012-01-13 2012-07-02 Focusing type solar heat collecting device and heat collecting system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012102242928A CN102721193A (en) 2012-01-13 2012-07-02 Focusing type solar heat collecting device and heat collecting system

Publications (1)

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CN102721193A true CN102721193A (en) 2012-10-10

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CN2012102242928A CN102721193A (en) 2012-01-13 2012-07-02 Focusing type solar heat collecting device and heat collecting system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013189097A1 (en) * 2012-06-21 2013-12-27 镇江市博林光电科技有限公司 Concentrating-type solar heat collecting device and heat collecting system

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5642056A (en) * 1979-09-14 1981-04-20 Tokyo Electric Co Ltd Focusing type water heater
JPS57182708A (en) * 1981-05-06 1982-11-10 Takashi Mori Gathering device for solar light energy
CN87105883A (en) * 1986-08-26 1988-03-09 森敬 The equipment that is used for cleaning spherical dome
CN1509398A (en) * 2001-05-29 2004-06-30 阳光希望公司 Conversion of solar energy
CN201081444Y (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-07-02 俞忠良 Gyro type gimbal frame for solar heat collector and solar cell panel
CN101806507A (en) * 2009-02-16 2010-08-18 潘戈 Transparent finned solar energy collecting tube
CN101852499A (en) * 2009-04-01 2010-10-06 张�杰 Disc type focusing device capable of adjusting focusing ratio

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5642056A (en) * 1979-09-14 1981-04-20 Tokyo Electric Co Ltd Focusing type water heater
JPS57182708A (en) * 1981-05-06 1982-11-10 Takashi Mori Gathering device for solar light energy
CN87105883A (en) * 1986-08-26 1988-03-09 森敬 The equipment that is used for cleaning spherical dome
CN1509398A (en) * 2001-05-29 2004-06-30 阳光希望公司 Conversion of solar energy
CN201081444Y (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-07-02 俞忠良 Gyro type gimbal frame for solar heat collector and solar cell panel
CN101806507A (en) * 2009-02-16 2010-08-18 潘戈 Transparent finned solar energy collecting tube
CN101852499A (en) * 2009-04-01 2010-10-06 张�杰 Disc type focusing device capable of adjusting focusing ratio

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013189097A1 (en) * 2012-06-21 2013-12-27 镇江市博林光电科技有限公司 Concentrating-type solar heat collecting device and heat collecting system

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Application publication date: 20121010

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