CN102715064A - Method for preparing soilless culture substrate of tomatoes and method for planting tomatoes by utilizing substrate - Google Patents

Method for preparing soilless culture substrate of tomatoes and method for planting tomatoes by utilizing substrate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102715064A
CN102715064A CN2012101596499A CN201210159649A CN102715064A CN 102715064 A CN102715064 A CN 102715064A CN 2012101596499 A CN2012101596499 A CN 2012101596499A CN 201210159649 A CN201210159649 A CN 201210159649A CN 102715064 A CN102715064 A CN 102715064A
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China
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soilless culture
culture substrate
planting
tomato
substrate
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CN2012101596499A
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CN102715064B (en
Inventor
黄婷婷
原永兵
刘炳禄
刘淑芹
刘成连
李平
张永志
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QINGDAO INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Qingdao Agricultural University
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QINGDAO INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Qingdao Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides a method for preparing soilless culture substrate of tomatoes and a method for planting tomatoes by utilizing the substrate. The soilless culture substrate of tomatoes comprises the following raw materials in part by volume: 5.5 to 6.0 parts of crop stalk, 1.5 to 2 parts of ash and burnt coal gangue and 2 to 2.5 parts of farm manure. In the method for planting tomatoes by utilizing the substrate, after accelerating germination, sowing and seedling raising, the seedlings are subjected to field planting in the soilless culture substrate of tomatoes. The raw materials of the substrate are based on local areas, so the raw materials of the substrate is wide in source and low in cost and facilitates large-area popularization; the air is purified, the environment is protected, and because the organic culture substrate is gradually fermented to generate heat and carbon dioxide in the planting process, the air temperature in the greenhouse, the ground temperature and the concentration of carbon dioxide are raised, which benefits the growth of plants and the yield increase; and the separation of plants and soil is realized during the culture of the substrate, so that the pollution-free control of soil-borne diseases is achieved, and because the substrate can be continuously used for many years, the production cost is further lowered and the income of farmers is increased.

Description

The compound method of tomato soilless culture substrate and utilize the method for substrate culture tomato
Technical field
The present invention relates to biological technical field, be meant a kind of compound method of tomato soilless culture substrate and the method for utilizing this substrate culture tomato especially.
Background technology
Because protection ground vegetables are continuous cropping for many years, no leisure in winter, and protect in the ground factor such as distinctive microclimate (high temperature, high humidity) environment; Caused vegetable disease, soil-borne disease especially is like root knot nematode disease; Root rot, fusarium wilt or the like increases the weight of day by day, thereby the underproduction significantly.For most soil-borne diseases, still there is not the effectively preventing measure at present.The peasant usually in order to control development of disease, too much uses chemical pesticide, thereby producing cost is increased, and causes the pollution of serious chemical pesticide to environment and victual.However, disease still can not get effective control.
The serious salinization of soil of soil, the not place of suitable crop growth; Because use chemical fertilizer in large quantities, and protection ground peculiar climatic environment (evaporation discharge is big, and no natural rainfall is to the pouring wash rice effect of salt in the soil), the secondary salinization of soil also is on the rise in the protection ground.
The hardened ground that does not have soil.Though the place is arranged, has but realized not planting the purpose of high-quality and efficient vegetables.Soilless culture makes tomato free the dependence to soil.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of tomato soilless culture substrate, has solved soil-borne disease in the prior art, the serious salinization of soil of soil, not the problem of suitable crop growth.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that the tomato soilless culture substrate, comprises the raw material of following parts by volume:
Crops straw 5.5~6.0, ashes or burned gangue 1.5~2, farmyard manure 2~2.5.
As optimized technical scheme, the tomato soilless culture substrate comprises the raw material of following parts by volume:
Crops straw 6, ashes or burned gangue 2, farmyard manure 2.
As optimized technical scheme, said crops straw is Wheat Straw, corn stalk or cotton bar; Said farmyard manure is a human and animal excreta, and the raw material of this matrix is based on this locality, and the source is abundant, and cost is low, helps large tracts of land and promotes; And purified air, protected environment.
The method of the another kind preparation tomato soilless culture substrate that the present invention proposes has solved soil-borne disease in the prior art, the serious salinization of soil of soil, not the problem of suitable crop growth.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that the method for tomato soilless culture substrate, gets the crops straw of 5.5~6.0 parts by volume, the ashes of 1.5~2.0 parts by volume or burned gangue, and the farmyard manure of 2~2.5 parts by volume mixes;
Service property (quality) concentration is that the matrix that mixes is adjusted to quality content is 70~80% for 1.8~2.2% urea water;
Letting matrix spontaneous fermentation carry out casting after 3~4 days and use mass concentration is that matrix is adjusted to quality content is 70~80% for 1.8~2.2% urea water;
The raw material of this matrix is based on this locality, and the source is abundant, and cost is low, helps large tracts of land and promotes; And purified air, protected environment, organic culture substrate can ferment in the course of cultivation gradually; Produce heat and carbonic acid gas, improve the temperature in the greenhouse, the gentle gas concentration lwevel in ground; Help growth and development of plants and improve output, matrix can be used for many years continuously, helps further reducing production costs; Increase farmers' income, substrate culture has realized that plant separates with soil, thereby has realized the nuisanceless improvement to soil-borne disease.
As optimized technical scheme; Said crops straw is the crops straw particle of 0.9~1.1cm for pulverizing the back particle diameter; Said ashes or burned gangue are ashes or burned gangue particle below the 0.5cm for pulverizing the back particle diameter, and said farmyard manure is that particle diameter is the farmyard manure particle below the 1.0cm after sieving.
As optimized technical scheme, said crops straw is Wheat Straw, corn stalk or cotton bar; Said farmyard manure is a human and animal excreta.
Another of the present invention's proposition utilized the method for tomato soilless culture substrate cultivation tomato, solved soil-borne disease in the prior art, the serious salinization of soil of soil, the problem of suitable crop growth.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that the method for utilizing the tomato soilless culture substrate to cultivate tomato; Through vernalization, sow, grow seedlings after; Seedling is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate; After field planting in the management process, said tomato soilless culture substrate temperature remains on below 35 ℃ afterwards.
Said vernalization is that seed is soaked 10~15min in 55 ℃ of warm water, and constantly stirs when making water temperature drop to 30 ℃, continues to soak 6~8h; Clean mucus in case leaf mold, canker and early blight are wrapped seed with ventilative wet cloth with clear water again, be placed on 28~30 ℃ and locate vernalization; After 2~3 days during 70% seed germination; Can sow,, be placed on 4~10 ℃ and locate to deposit as can not sowing in time.
Said sowing is different in the sowing time of different planting, and booth early December in general spring is to early January; Open country late January in spring is to early Febuary; The canopy chamber autumn is delayed mid or late June~mid-July; Greenhouse by solar heat autumn and winter stubble 7 is below the moon to the early and middle ten days in August; Stubble mid or late September in winter, Winter-Spring stubble mid or late November.
Said grow seedlings according to cultivation season different with planting type can be at open country, cold bed, plastic canopy, nurse young plants in hothouses, electric seed bed heater and point disk seedling growing, sowing depth is 0.8~1.2 centimeter.
Strong sprout standard: plant height 20cm, the thick 0.6cm of stem, 7~8 leaves, dark green leaf color also shows slightly purple, budding, well developed root system, no damage by disease and insect, general spring, seedling age was 50~60 days, autumn, seedling age was 30~45 days, seedling age is long, is prone to form little Lao Miao; Too short, then be prone to excessive growth after the field planting.
Said field planting is that the said seedling that obtains of growing seedlings is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate, when tether twines seedling will with rope be more loose, in order to avoid root is pulled out matrix: add little shed in the ealy maturing culture of booth spring, mid or late Febuary booth and add careless grid and cover field planting because of substrate fermentation subsides; Stay two fringes fruit, mu is planted about 7000 strains outdoor cropping in early spring, mid or late April land for growing field crops field planting; Every mu of field planting 5000 strains, greenhouse by solar heat winter stubble, on September~early and middle ten days field planting in October; Every mu of field planting 2000 strains, stubble late August autumn and winter~early September field planting, every mu of field planting 4000 strains; The Winter-Spring stubble, mid or late March field planting, every mu of field planting 3500~4000 strains.
The temperature of tomato soilless culture substrate described in the management process remains on below 35 ℃ after the said field planting, specifically comprises step:
1) dip in flower and fruit: protection ground and spring outdoor cropping early stage, the flowers are in blossom when putting when first and second of inflorescence, and with 2 of concentration 10~20mg/kg, 4-D solution dips in to be spent or the drop-proof agent solution spraying decoration of 20~30mg/kg or convert water 0.75kg and dip in flower with tomato No. 2 5ml of agent that get bumper crops.Can add 0.1% the anti-gray mold of 50% carbendazol wettable powder in the solution.
2) flower and fruit thinning: carry out simultaneously during HORMONE TREATMENT, the florescence flower thinning ratio phase fruit thinning of bearing fruit can be practiced thrift nutrition, and it is neat to bear fruit.
3) water and fertilizer management: said tomato soilless culture substrate continue fermentation can and seedling competition nitrogenous fertilizer, should pay attention to mending nitrogen fertilizer application after the transplanting stock, available below nutrient fluid drip irrigation in the table, per 4~7 days are once, also can impose 100~150 kilograms/mu of the farmyard manures that become thoroughly decomposed.
The prescription of said tomato nutrient liquid (kilogram/100 liters)
5) temperature and humidity management: the tomato growth preference temperature is 20~28 ℃, surpasses 25 ℃ and leaks informaton, and afternoon temperature is reduced to 20 ℃ and closed wind.When temperature was lower than 15 ℃, the fertilization of being pollinated was bad, is prone to fallen flowers.When night, indoor air temperature can not remain to more than 10 ℃, should the covering and heat insulating thing, late lid is early taken off in beginning; Along with outside air temperature descends, reduce ventilation time gradually, dwindle the mouth that leaks informaton; When the temperature recovery in early spring, when the extraneous minimum air temperature is stabilized in 12 ℃, can leak informaton round the clock; Growth relative air humidity in early stage maintains 60~65%, and the growth middle and later periods maintains 45~55%.
6) plant arrangement: the indeterminate growth type adopts and goes alone training, in time destroys side shoot, extracts bottom Lao Ye, Huang Ye, and the indeterminate growth type is according to the cultivation needs, stop fruit ear after, erase terminal bud.To sterilize before the operation and wash one's hands.The determinate growth type adopts two trainings of doing.Major branch stays two fringes fruit, and side shoot stays a fringe really to pinch, and first fringe really stays 4 flowers, and all the other two fringes respectively stay 3, when pinching, on titbit, stay 2~3 leaves.
After the field planting in the arrangement process, if the stalk of usefulness is a wheat straw, 2/3 matrix can direct fermentation in cultivating groove, and wheat straw can not pulverized.Wheat straw is put into groove; It is steady and sure to add behind ashes and the farmyard manure, spills 1.8~2.2% urea water and covers Polypropylence Sheet and begin to ferment, and spills one time urea water in according to circumstances per later on 2~3 days; Steady and sure again after 10~15 days, the matrix that ferments outside on the upper cover just can be planted seedling.
Matrix needn't annually be changed, and can reuse for many years as long as root disease is not serious.Because the organic principle in the matrix in use constantly decomposes, the volume of matrix can reduce, and should fill out a certain amount of stalk every year in the bottom of cultivating groove; Old matrix on the upper cap, and apply the farmyard manure that became thoroughly decomposed as base manure, during concrete operations; Can the old matrix in first row of greenhouse one end be gone out clearly, the old matrix in the next line on the upper cover after the fresh straw having peace of mind of packing into is packed fresh straw in the groove of that delegation of just having vacated into then; Cover the old matrix in its next line more in the above, and the like, provisional capital interpolations all in the greenhouse are gone up till the stalk; At last, the old matrix of first row is covered to the end in the delegation, before the field planting young plant; Cover completely with Polypropylence Sheet above; Utilize daylight to carry out high-temperature sterilization and can prevent the accumulation year by year in the substrate of intramatrical pathogen effectively, ashes or burned gangue needn't all will be added every year, if still add the content that a spot of ashes or burned gangue can increase interior calcium of matrix and magnesium.
No matter be as base manure or topdress, farmyard manure must be earlier could use in the greenhouse after by fermentation, to avoid ammonia and other pernicious gases plant is worked the mischief; Farmyard manure is mixed with the stalk of isopyknic pulverizing, add water and regulate heap fermentation after the humidity, become thoroughly decomposed soon and effective; The farmyard manure that fresh undried is crossed; Can regulate humidity with the way that increases the stalk amount, between yeast phase, minimumly want casting once.
Gather at last: fruit can in time be gathered according to the market demand after getting into colour-change period.
The mode of bag cultivating or slot type cultivation is adopted in said soilless culture.
Said bag cultivating is grade at first, packs said tomato soilless culture substrate soil into long 75~85 centimetres, in wide 45~55 centimetres snakeskin bag; Tie mouth, in one line, on the ground of tiling; Punching in the middle of each sack, line space is 60~70 centimetres.
The cultivation of said slot type is grade at first, with fragment of brick build on the ground one high 35~45 centimetres, the groove that internal diameter is wide 90~110 centimetres; 110~130 centimetres of wide plastic films are spread in the bottom, stamp diameter in the centre of bottom thin film and be 0.9~1.1 centimetre hole, and pitch of holes is 33~38 centimetres; Compacting; And exceed groove face, place drip irrigation pipe bonnet last layer plastic film, but water with said soilless culture substrate drenched after just perforate field planting young plant.
Owing to adopted technical scheme of the present invention, the tomato soilless culture substrate comprises the raw material of following parts by volume: crops straw 5.5~6.0, ashes or burned gangue 1.5~2, farmyard manure 2~2.5; Get the crops straw of 5.5~6.0 parts by volume; 1.5 the ashes of~2.0 parts by volume or burned gangue; The farmyard manure of 2~2.5 parts by volume; Mixing back service property (quality) concentration and be 1.8~2.2% urea water, the matrix that mixes is adjusted to quality content is 70~80%; Let then matrix spontaneous fermentation carry out casting after 3~4 days and use mass concentration be 1.8~2.2% urea water matrix is adjusted to quality content is 70~80%, continue fermentation 7~10 days, can obtain said tomato soilless culture substrate; Through vernalization, sow, grow seedlings after; Seedling is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate, behind the plant after field planting in the arrangement process, said tomato soilless culture substrate temperature remains on below 35 ℃ afterwards; The raw material of this matrix is based on this locality; The source is abundant, and cost is low, helps large tracts of land and promotes; And purified air, protected environment, organic culture substrate can ferment in the course of cultivation gradually; Produce heat and carbonic acid gas, improve the temperature in the greenhouse, the gentle gas concentration lwevel in ground; Help growth and development of plants and improve output, substrate culture has realized that plant separates with soil, thereby has realized the nuisanceless improvement to soil-borne disease; Matrix can be used for many years continuously, helps further reducing production costs, and increases farmers' income.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the method flow diagram that the present invention prepares the tomato soilless culture substrate;
Accompanying drawing 2 is method flow diagrams that the present invention utilizes tomato soilless culture substrate cultivation tomato.
Embodiment
Carry out clear, intactly description in the face of the technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention down, obviously, described embodiment only is the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment among the present invention, those of ordinary skills are not making the every other embodiment that is obtained under the creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the present invention's protection.
Embodiment one:
1) preparation tomato soilless culture substrate:
Get the crops straw of 5.5 parts by volume, the ashes of 1.5 parts by volume, the farmyard manure of 2 parts by volume mixes;
Service property (quality) concentration is that the matrix that mixes is adjusted to quality content is 70% for 1.8% urea water;
Letting matrix spontaneous fermentation carry out casting after 3 days and use mass concentration is that matrix is adjusted to quality content is 70% for 1.8% urea water;
Continue fermentation 7 days, can obtain said tomato soilless culture substrate, the raw material of this matrix is based on this locality, and the source is abundant, and cost is low, helps large tracts of land and promotes; And purified air, protected environment, organic culture substrate can ferment in the course of cultivation gradually; Produce heat and carbonic acid gas, improve the temperature in the greenhouse, the gentle gas concentration lwevel in ground; Help growth and development of plants and improve output, matrix can be used for many years continuously, helps further reducing production costs; Increase farmers' income, substrate culture has realized that plant separates with soil, thereby has realized the nuisanceless improvement to soil-borne disease.
Said crops straw is the crops straw particle of 0.9cm for pulverizing the back particle diameter, and said ashes particle diameter is below the 0.5cm, and said farmyard manure is that particle diameter is the farmyard manure particle below the 1.0cm after sieving.
Said crops straw is Wheat Straw, corn stalk or cotton bar; Said farmyard manure is a human and animal excreta.
Utilize the method for tomato soilless culture substrate cultivation tomato; Through vernalization, sow, grow seedlings after; Seedling is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate, behind the plant after field planting in the arrangement process, said tomato soilless culture substrate temperature remains on below 35 ℃ afterwards.
Said vernalization is that seed is soaked 10~15min in 55 ℃ of warm water, and constantly stirs when making water temperature drop to 30 ℃, continues to soak 6~8h; Clean mucus in case leaf mold, canker and early blight are wrapped seed with ventilative wet cloth with clear water again, be placed on 28~30 ℃ and locate vernalization; After 2~3 days during 70% seed germination; Can sow,, be placed on 4~10 ℃ and locate to deposit as can not sowing in time.
Said sowing is different in the sowing time of different planting, and booth early December in general spring is to early January; Open country late January in spring is to early Febuary; The canopy chamber autumn is delayed mid or late June~mid-July; Greenhouse by solar heat autumn and winter stubble 7 is below the moon to the early and middle ten days in August; Stubble mid or late September in winter, Winter-Spring stubble mid or late November.
Said grow seedlings according to cultivation season different with planting type can be at open country, cold bed, plastic canopy, nurse young plants in hothouses, electric seed bed heater and point disk seedling growing, sowing depth is 0.8~1.2 centimeter.
Strong sprout standard: plant height 20cm, the thick 0.6cm of stem, 7~8 leaves, dark green leaf color also shows slightly purple, budding, well developed root system, no damage by disease and insect, general spring, seedling age was 50~60 days, autumn, seedling age was 30~45 days, seedling age is long, is prone to form little Lao Miao; Too short, then be prone to excessive growth after the field planting.
Said field planting is that the said seedling that obtains of growing seedlings is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate, when tether twines seedling will with rope be more loose, in order to avoid root is pulled out matrix: add little shed in the ealy maturing culture of booth spring, mid or late Febuary booth and add careless grid and cover field planting because of substrate fermentation subsides; Stay two fringes fruit, mu is planted about 7000 strains outdoor cropping in early spring, mid or late April land for growing field crops field planting; Every mu of field planting 5000 strains, greenhouse by solar heat winter stubble, on September~early and middle ten days field planting in October; Every mu of field planting 2000 strains, stubble late August autumn and winter~early September field planting, every mu of field planting 4000 strains; The Winter-Spring stubble, mid or late March field planting, every mu of field planting 3500~4000 strains.
The temperature of tomato soilless culture substrate described in the management process remains on below 35 ℃ after the said field planting, specifically comprises step:
1) dip in flower and fruit: protection ground and spring outdoor cropping early stage, the flowers are in blossom when putting when first and second of inflorescence, and with 2 of concentration 10~20mg/kg, 4-D solution dips in to be spent or the drop-proof agent solution spraying decoration of 20~30mg/kg or convert water 0.75kg and dip in flower with tomato No. 2 5ml of agent that get bumper crops.Can add 0.1% the anti-gray mold of 50% carbendazol wettable powder in the solution.
2) flower and fruit thinning: carry out simultaneously during HORMONE TREATMENT, the florescence flower thinning ratio phase fruit thinning of bearing fruit can be practiced thrift nutrition, and it is neat to bear fruit.
3) water and fertilizer management: said tomato soilless culture substrate continue fermentation can and seedling competition nitrogenous fertilizer, should pay attention to mending nitrogen fertilizer application after the transplanting stock, available below nutrient fluid drip irrigation in the table, per 4~7 days are once, also can impose 100~150 kilograms/mu of the farmyard manures that become thoroughly decomposed.
The prescription of said tomato nutrient liquid (kilogram/100 liters)
5) temperature and humidity management: the tomato growth preference temperature is 20~28 ℃, surpasses 25 ℃ and leaks informaton, and afternoon temperature is reduced to 20 ℃ and closed wind.When temperature was lower than 15 ℃, the fertilization of being pollinated was bad, is prone to fallen flowers.When night, indoor air temperature can not remain to more than 10 ℃, should the covering and heat insulating thing, late lid is early taken off in beginning; Along with outside air temperature descends, reduce ventilation time gradually, dwindle the mouth that leaks informaton; When the temperature recovery in early spring, when the extraneous minimum air temperature is stabilized in 12 ℃, can leak informaton round the clock; Growth relative air humidity in early stage maintains 60~65%, and the growth middle and later periods maintains 45~55%.
6) plant arrangement: the indeterminate growth type adopts and goes alone training, in time destroys side shoot, extracts bottom Lao Ye, Huang Ye, and the indeterminate growth type is according to the cultivation needs, stop fruit ear after, erase terminal bud.To sterilize before the operation and wash one's hands.The determinate growth type adopts two trainings of doing.Major branch stays two fringes fruit, and side shoot stays a fringe really to pinch, and first fringe really stays 4 flowers, and all the other two fringes respectively stay 3, when pinching, on titbit, stay 2~3 leaves.
After the field planting in the arrangement process, if the stalk of usefulness is a wheat straw, 2/3 matrix can direct fermentation in cultivating groove, and wheat straw can not pulverized.Wheat straw is put into groove; It is steady and sure to add behind ashes and the farmyard manure, spills 1.8~2.2% urea water and covers Polypropylence Sheet and begin to ferment, and spills one time urea water in according to circumstances per later on 2~3 days; Steady and sure again after 10~15 days, the matrix that ferments outside on the upper cover just can be planted seedling.
Matrix needn't annually be changed, and can reuse for many years as long as root disease is not serious.Because the organic principle in the matrix in use constantly decomposes, the volume of matrix can reduce.Annual should fill out a certain amount of stalk in the bottom of cultivating groove, old matrix on the upper cap, and apply the farmyard manure that became thoroughly decomposed as base manure; During concrete operations, can the old matrix in first row of greenhouse one end be gone out the old matrix in the next line on the upper cover after the fresh straw having peace of mind of packing into clearly; Then fresh straw is packed in the groove of that delegation of just having vacated; Cover the old matrix in its next line more in the above, and the like, provisional capital interpolations all in the greenhouse are gone up till the stalk.At last; The old matrix of first row is covered to the end in the delegation; Before the field planting young plant, cover completely with Polypropylence Sheet above, utilize daylight to carry out high-temperature sterilization and can prevent the accumulation year by year in the substrate of intramatrical pathogen effectively; Ashes or burned gangue needn't all will be added every year, if still add the content that a spot of ashes or burned gangue can increase interior calcium of matrix and magnesium.
No matter be as base manure or topdress, farmyard manure must be earlier could use in the greenhouse after by fermentation, to avoid ammonia and other pernicious gases plant is worked the mischief; Farmyard manure is mixed with the stalk of isopyknic pulverizing, add water and regulate heap fermentation after the humidity, become thoroughly decomposed soon and effective; The farmyard manure that fresh undried is crossed; Can regulate humidity with the way that increases the stalk amount, between yeast phase, minimumly want casting once.
Gather at last: fruit can in time be gathered according to the market demand after getting into colour-change period.
The bag cultivating mode is adopted in said soilless culture.
Said bag cultivating is grade at first, packs said tomato soilless culture substrate soil into long 75~85 centimetres, in wide 45~55 centimetres snakeskin bag; Tie mouth, in one line, on the ground of tiling; Punching in the middle of each sack, line space is 60~70 centimetres.
Embodiment two:
1) preparation tomato soilless culture substrate:
Get the crops straw of 5.8 parts by volume, the burned gangue of 1.8 parts by volume, the farmyard manure of 2.2 parts by volume mixes;
Service property (quality) concentration is that the matrix that mixes is adjusted to quality content is 75% for 2.0% urea water;
Letting matrix spontaneous fermentation carry out casting after 4 days and use mass concentration is that matrix is adjusted to quality content is 75% for 2.0% urea water;
Continue fermentation 9 days, can obtain said tomato soilless culture substrate, the raw material of this matrix is based on this locality, and the source is abundant, and cost is low, helps large tracts of land and promotes; And purified air, protected environment, organic culture substrate can ferment in the course of cultivation gradually; Produce heat and carbonic acid gas, improve the temperature in the greenhouse, the gentle gas concentration lwevel in ground; Help growth and development of plants and improve output, matrix can be used for many years continuously, helps further reducing production costs; Increase farmers' income, substrate culture has realized that plant separates with soil, thereby has realized the nuisanceless improvement to soil-borne disease.
Said crops straw is the crops straw particle of 1.0cm for particle diameter after pulverizing, and said burned gangue is the burned gangue particle below the 0.5cm for pulverizing the back particle diameter, and said farmyard manure is that particle diameter is the farmyard manure particle below the 1.0cm after sieving.
Said crops straw is Wheat Straw, corn stalk or cotton bar; Said farmyard manure is a human and animal excreta.
Utilize the method for tomato soilless culture substrate cultivation tomato; Through vernalization, sow, grow seedlings after; Seedling is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate, behind the plant after field planting in the arrangement process, said tomato soilless culture substrate temperature remains on below 35 ℃ afterwards.
Said vernalization is that seed is soaked 10~15min in 55 ℃ of warm water, and constantly stirs when making water temperature drop to 30 ℃, continues to soak 6~8h; Clean mucus in case leaf mold, canker and early blight are wrapped seed with ventilative wet cloth with clear water again, be placed on 28~30 ℃ and locate vernalization; After 2~3 days during 70% seed germination; Can sow,, be placed on 4~10 ℃ and locate to deposit as can not sowing in time.
Said sowing is different in the sowing time of different planting, and booth early December in general spring is to early January; Open country late January in spring is to early Febuary; The canopy chamber autumn is delayed mid or late June~mid-July; Greenhouse by solar heat autumn and winter stubble 7 is below the moon to the early and middle ten days in August; Stubble mid or late September in winter, Winter-Spring stubble mid or late November.
Said grow seedlings according to cultivation season different with planting type can be at open country, cold bed, plastic canopy, nurse young plants in hothouses, electric seed bed heater and point disk seedling growing, sowing depth is 0.8~1.2 centimeter.
Strong sprout standard: plant height 20cm, the thick 0.6cm of stem, 7~8 leaves, dark green leaf color also shows slightly purple, budding, well developed root system, no damage by disease and insect, general spring, seedling age was 50~60 days, autumn, seedling age was 30~45 days, seedling age is long, is prone to form little Lao Miao; Too short, then be prone to excessive growth after the field planting.
Said field planting is that the said seedling that obtains of growing seedlings is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate, when tether twines seedling will with rope be more loose, in order to avoid root is pulled out matrix: add little shed in the ealy maturing culture of booth spring, mid or late Febuary booth and add careless grid and cover field planting because of substrate fermentation subsides; Stay two fringes fruit, mu is planted about 7000 strains outdoor cropping in early spring, mid or late April land for growing field crops field planting; Every mu of field planting 5000 strains, greenhouse by solar heat winter stubble, on September~early and middle ten days field planting in October; Every mu of field planting 2000 strains, stubble late August autumn and winter~early September field planting, every mu of field planting 4000 strains; The Winter-Spring stubble, mid or late March field planting, every mu of field planting 3500~4000 strains.
The temperature of tomato soilless culture substrate described in the management process remains on below 35 ℃ after the said field planting, specifically comprises step:
1) dip in flower and fruit: protection ground and spring outdoor cropping early stage, the flowers are in blossom when putting when first and second of inflorescence, and with 2 of concentration 10~20mg/kg, 4-D solution dips in to be spent or the drop-proof agent solution spraying decoration of 20~30mg/kg or convert water 0.75kg and dip in flower with tomato No. 2 5ml of agent that get bumper crops.Can add 0.1% the anti-gray mold of 50% carbendazol wettable powder in the solution.
2) flower and fruit thinning: carry out simultaneously during HORMONE TREATMENT, the florescence flower thinning ratio phase fruit thinning of bearing fruit can be practiced thrift nutrition, and it is neat to bear fruit.
3) water and fertilizer management: said tomato soilless culture substrate continue fermentation can and seedling competition nitrogenous fertilizer, should pay attention to mending nitrogen fertilizer application after the transplanting stock, available below nutrient fluid drip irrigation in the table, per 4~7 days are once, also can impose 100~150 kilograms/mu of the farmyard manures that become thoroughly decomposed.
The prescription of said tomato nutrient liquid (kilogram/100 liters)
5) temperature and humidity management: the tomato growth preference temperature is 20~28 ℃, surpasses 25 ℃ and leaks informaton, and afternoon temperature is reduced to 20 ℃ and closed wind.When temperature was lower than 15 ℃, the fertilization of being pollinated was bad, is prone to fallen flowers.When night, indoor air temperature can not remain to more than 10 ℃, should the covering and heat insulating thing, late lid is early taken off in beginning; Along with outside air temperature descends, reduce ventilation time gradually, dwindle the mouth that leaks informaton; When the temperature recovery in early spring, when the extraneous minimum air temperature is stabilized in 12 ℃, can leak informaton round the clock; Growth relative air humidity in early stage maintains 60~65%, and the growth middle and later periods maintains 45~55%.
6) plant arrangement: the indeterminate growth type adopts and goes alone training, in time destroys side shoot, extracts bottom Lao Ye, Huang Ye, and the indeterminate growth type is according to the cultivation needs, stop fruit ear after, erase terminal bud.To sterilize before the operation and wash one's hands.Row limit growth type adopts two trainings of doing.Major branch stays two fringes fruit, and side shoot stays a fringe really to pinch, and first fringe really stays 4 flowers, and all the other two fringes respectively stay 3, when pinching, on titbit, stay 2~3 leaves.
After the field planting in the arrangement process, if the stalk of usefulness is a wheat straw, 2/3 matrix can direct fermentation in cultivating groove, and wheat straw can not pulverized.Wheat straw is put into groove; It is steady and sure to add behind ashes and the farmyard manure, spills 1.8~2.2% urea water and covers Polypropylence Sheet and begin to ferment, and spills one time urea water in according to circumstances per later on 2~3 days; Steady and sure again after 10~15 days, the matrix that ferments outside on the upper cover just can be planted seedling.
Matrix needn't annually be changed, and can reuse for many years as long as root disease is not serious.Because the organic principle in the matrix in use constantly decomposes, the volume of matrix can reduce.Annual should fill out a certain amount of stalk in the bottom of cultivating groove, old matrix on the upper cap, and apply the farmyard manure that became thoroughly decomposed as base manure; During concrete operations, can the old matrix in first row of greenhouse one end be gone out the old matrix in the next line on the upper cover after the fresh straw having peace of mind of packing into clearly; Then fresh straw is packed in the groove of that delegation of just having vacated; Cover the old matrix in its next line more in the above, and the like, provisional capital interpolations all in the greenhouse are gone up till the stalk.At last; The old matrix of first row is covered to the end in the delegation; Before the field planting young plant, cover completely with Polypropylence Sheet above, utilize daylight to carry out high-temperature sterilization and can prevent the accumulation year by year in the substrate of intramatrical pathogen effectively; Ashes or burned gangue needn't all will be added every year, if still add the content that a spot of ashes or burned gangue can increase interior calcium of matrix and magnesium.
No matter be as base manure or topdress, farmyard manure must be earlier could use in the greenhouse after by fermentation, to avoid ammonia and other pernicious gases plant is worked the mischief; Farmyard manure is mixed with the stalk of isopyknic pulverizing, add water and regulate heap fermentation after the humidity, become thoroughly decomposed soon and effective; The farmyard manure that fresh undried is crossed; Can regulate humidity with the way that increases the stalk amount, between yeast phase, minimumly want casting once.
Gather at last: fruit can in time be gathered according to the market demand after getting into colour-change period.
The mode of slot type cultivation is adopted in said soilless culture.
The cultivation of said slot type is grade at first, with fragment of brick build on the ground one high 35~45 centimetres, the groove that internal diameter is wide 90~110 centimetres; 110~130 centimetres of wide plastic films are spread in the bottom, stamp diameter in the centre of bottom thin film and be 0.9~1.1 centimetre hole, and pitch of holes is 33~38 centimetres; Compacting; And exceed groove face, place drip irrigation pipe bonnet last layer plastic film, but water with said soilless culture substrate drenched after just perforate field planting young plant.
Embodiment three:
1) preparation tomato soilless culture substrate:
Get the crops straw of 6.0 parts by volume, the ashes of 2.0 parts by volume, the farmyard manure of 2.5 parts by volume mixes;
Service property (quality) concentration is that the matrix that mixes is adjusted to quality content is 80% for 2.2% urea water;
Letting matrix spontaneous fermentation carry out casting after 4 days and use mass concentration is that matrix is adjusted to quality content is 80% for 2.2% urea water;
Continue fermentation 10 days, can obtain said tomato soilless culture substrate, the raw material of this matrix is based on this locality, and the source is abundant, and cost is low, helps large tracts of land and promotes; And purified air, protected environment, organic culture substrate can ferment in the course of cultivation gradually; Produce heat and carbonic acid gas, improve the temperature in the greenhouse, the gentle gas concentration lwevel in ground; Help growth and development of plants and improve output, matrix can be used for many years continuously, helps further reducing production costs; Increase farmers' income, substrate culture has realized that plant separates with soil, thereby has realized the nuisanceless improvement to soil-borne disease.
Said crops straw is the crops straw particle of 1.1cm for particle diameter after pulverizing, and said ashes are below the 0.5cm for pulverizing the back particle diameter, and said farmyard manure is that particle diameter is the farmyard manure particle below the 1.0cm after sieving.
Said crops straw is Wheat Straw, corn stalk or cotton bar; Said farmyard manure is a human and animal excreta.
Utilize the method for tomato soilless culture substrate cultivation tomato; Through vernalization, sow, grow seedlings after; Seedling is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate, behind the plant after field planting in the arrangement process, said tomato soilless culture substrate temperature remains on below 35 ℃ afterwards.
Said vernalization is that seed is soaked 10~15min in 55 ℃ of warm water, and constantly stirs when making water temperature drop to 30 ℃, continues to soak 6~8h; Clean mucus in case leaf mold, canker and early blight are wrapped seed with ventilative wet cloth with clear water again, be placed on 28~30 ℃ and locate vernalization; After 2~3 days during 70% seed germination; Can sow,, be placed on 4~10 ℃ and locate to deposit as can not sowing in time.
Said sowing is different in the sowing time of different planting, and booth early December in general spring is to early January; Open country late January in spring is to early Febuary; The canopy chamber autumn is delayed mid or late June~mid-July; Greenhouse by solar heat autumn and winter stubble 7 is below the moon to the early and middle ten days in August; Stubble mid or late September in winter, Winter-Spring stubble mid or late November.
Said grow seedlings according to cultivation season different with planting type can be at open country, cold bed, plastic canopy, nurse young plants in hothouses, electric seed bed heater and point disk seedling growing, sowing depth is 0.8~1.2 centimeter.
Strong sprout standard: plant height 20cm, the thick 0.6cm of stem, 7~8 leaves, dark green leaf color also shows slightly purple, budding, well developed root system, no damage by disease and insect, general spring, seedling age was 50~60 days, autumn, seedling age was 30~45 days, seedling age is long, is prone to form little Lao Miao; Too short, then be prone to excessive growth after the field planting.
Said field planting is that the said seedling that obtains of growing seedlings is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate, when tether twines seedling will with rope be more loose, in order to avoid root is pulled out matrix: add little shed in the ealy maturing culture of booth spring, mid or late Febuary booth and add careless grid and cover field planting because of substrate fermentation subsides; Stay two fringes fruit, mu is planted about 7000 strains outdoor cropping in early spring, mid or late April land for growing field crops field planting; Every mu of field planting 5000 strains, greenhouse by solar heat winter stubble, on September~early and middle ten days field planting in October; Every mu of field planting 2000 strains, stubble late August autumn and winter~early September field planting, every mu of field planting 4000 strains; The Winter-Spring stubble, mid or late March field planting, every mu of field planting 3500~4000 strains.
The temperature of tomato soilless culture substrate described in the management process remains on below 35 ℃ after the said field planting, specifically comprises step:
1) dip in flower and fruit: protection ground and spring outdoor cropping early stage, the flowers are in blossom when putting when first and second of inflorescence, and with 2 of concentration 10~20mg/kg, 4-D solution dips in to be spent or the drop-proof agent solution spraying decoration of 20~30mg/kg or convert water 0.75kg and dip in flower with tomato No. 2 5ml of agent that get bumper crops.Can add 0.1% the anti-gray mold of 50% carbendazol wettable powder in the solution.
2) flower and fruit thinning: carry out simultaneously during HORMONE TREATMENT, the florescence flower thinning ratio phase fruit thinning of bearing fruit can be practiced thrift nutrition, and it is neat to bear fruit.
3) water and fertilizer management: said tomato soilless culture substrate continue fermentation can and seedling competition nitrogenous fertilizer, should pay attention to mending nitrogen fertilizer application after the transplanting stock, available below nutrient fluid drip irrigation in the table, per 4~7 days are once, also can impose 100~150 kilograms/mu of the farmyard manures that become thoroughly decomposed.
The prescription of said tomato nutrient liquid (kilogram/100 liters)
5) temperature and humidity management: the tomato growth preference temperature is 20~28 ℃, surpasses 25 ℃ and leaks informaton, and afternoon temperature is reduced to 20 ℃ and closed wind.When temperature was lower than 15 ℃, the fertilization of being pollinated was bad, is prone to fallen flowers.When night, indoor air temperature can not remain to more than 10 ℃, should the covering and heat insulating thing, late lid is early taken off in beginning; Along with outside air temperature descends, reduce ventilation time gradually, dwindle the mouth that leaks informaton; When the temperature recovery in early spring, when the extraneous minimum air temperature is stabilized in 12 ℃, can leak informaton round the clock; Growth relative air humidity in early stage maintains 60~65%, and the growth middle and later periods maintains 45~55%.
6) plant arrangement: the indeterminate growth type adopts and goes alone training, in time destroys side shoot, extracts bottom Lao Ye, Huang Ye, and the indeterminate growth type is according to the cultivation needs, stop fruit ear after, erase terminal bud.To sterilize before the operation and wash one's hands.The determinate growth type adopts two trainings of doing.Major branch stays two fringes fruit, and side shoot stays a fringe really to pinch, and first fringe really stays 4 flowers, and all the other two fringes respectively stay 3, when pinching, on titbit, stay 2~3 leaves.
After the field planting in the arrangement process, if the stalk of usefulness is a wheat straw, 2/3 matrix can direct fermentation in cultivating groove, and wheat straw can not pulverized.Wheat straw is put into groove; It is steady and sure to add behind ashes and the farmyard manure, spills 1.8~2.2% urea water and covers Polypropylence Sheet and begin to ferment, and spills one time urea water in according to circumstances per later on 2~3 days; Steady and sure again after 10~15 days, the matrix that ferments outside on the upper cover just can be planted seedling.
Matrix needn't annually be changed, and can reuse for many years as long as root disease is not serious.Because the organic principle in the matrix in use constantly decomposes, the volume of matrix can reduce.Annual should fill out a certain amount of stalk in the bottom of cultivating groove, old matrix on the upper cap, and apply the farmyard manure that became thoroughly decomposed as base manure; During concrete operations, can the old matrix in first row of greenhouse one end be gone out the old matrix in the next line on the upper cover after the fresh straw having peace of mind of packing into clearly; Then fresh straw is packed in the groove of that delegation of just having vacated; Cover the old matrix in its next line more in the above, and the like, provisional capital interpolations all in the greenhouse are gone up till the stalk.At last; The old matrix of first row is covered to the end in the delegation; Before the field planting young plant, cover completely with Polypropylence Sheet above, utilize daylight to carry out high-temperature sterilization and can prevent the accumulation year by year in the substrate of intramatrical pathogen effectively; Ashes or burned gangue needn't all will be added every year, if still add the content that a spot of ashes or burned gangue can increase interior calcium of matrix and magnesium.
No matter be as base manure or topdress, farmyard manure must be earlier could use in the greenhouse after by fermentation, to avoid ammonia and other pernicious gases plant is worked the mischief; Farmyard manure is mixed with the stalk of isopyknic pulverizing, add water and regulate heap fermentation after the humidity, become thoroughly decomposed soon and effective; The farmyard manure that fresh undried is crossed; Can regulate humidity with the way that increases the stalk amount, between yeast phase, minimumly want casting once.
Gather at last: fruit can in time be gathered according to the market demand after getting into colour-change period.
The mode of slot type cultivation is adopted in said soilless culture.
The cultivation of said slot type is grade at first, with fragment of brick build on the ground one high 35~45 centimetres, the groove that internal diameter is wide 90~110 centimetres; 110~130 centimetres of wide plastic films are spread in the bottom, stamp diameter in the centre of bottom thin film and be 0.9~1.1 centimetre hole, and pitch of holes is 33~38 centimetres; Compacting; And exceed groove face, place drip irrigation pipe bonnet last layer plastic film, but water with said soilless culture substrate drenched after just perforate field planting young plant.
The above is merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is in order to restriction the present invention, not all within spirit of the present invention and principle, any modification of being done, is equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the tomato soilless culture substrate is characterized in that, comprises the raw material of following parts by volume:
Crops straw 5.5~6.0, ashes or burned gangue 1.5~2, farmyard manure 2~2.5.
2. tomato soilless culture substrate as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, comprises the raw material of following parts by volume:
Crops straw 6, ashes or burned gangue 2, farmyard manure 2.
3. tomato soilless culture substrate as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: said crops straw is Wheat Straw, corn stalk or cotton bar; Said farmyard manure is a human and animal excreta.
4. preparation is characterized in that like the method for claim 1,2 or 3 described tomato soilless culture substrates:
Get the crops straw of 5.5~6.0 parts by volume, the ashes of 1.5~2.0 parts by volume or burned gangue, the farmyard manure of 2~2.5 parts by volume mixes;
Service property (quality) concentration is that the matrix that mixes is adjusted to quality content is 70~80% for 1.8~2.2% urea water;
Letting matrix spontaneous fermentation carry out casting after 3~4 days and use mass concentration is that matrix is adjusted to quality content is 70~80% for 1.8~2.2% urea water;
Continue fermentation 7~10 days, can obtain said tomato soilless culture substrate.
5. the method for preparation tomato soilless culture substrate as claimed in claim 4; It is characterized in that: said crops straw is the crops straw particle of 0.9~1.1cm for pulverizing the back particle diameter; Said ashes or burned gangue are ashes or burned gangue particle below the 0.5cm for pulverizing the back particle diameter, and said farmyard manure is that particle diameter is the farmyard manure particle below the 1.0cm after sieving.
6. the method for preparation tomato soilless culture substrate as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: said crops straw is Wheat Straw, corn stalk or cotton bar; Said farmyard manure is a human and animal excreta.
7. utilize method like claim 1,2 or 3 described tomato soilless culture substrate cultivation tomatoes; It is characterized in that: through vernalization, sow, grow seedlings after; Seedling is carried out field planting in said tomato soilless culture substrate; After field planting in the management process, said tomato soilless culture substrate temperature remains on below 35 ℃ afterwards.
8. the method for utilizing tomato soilless culture substrate cultivation tomato as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: the mode of bag cultivating or slot type cultivation is adopted in said soilless culture.
9. the method for utilizing tomato soilless culture substrate cultivation tomato as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that: said bag cultivating is grade at first, packs said tomato soilless culture substrate soil into and grows 75~85 centimetres; In wide 45~55 centimetres snakeskin bag; Tie mouth, in one line, on the ground of tiling; Punching in the middle of each sack, line space is 60~70 centimetres.
10. the method for utilizing tomato soilless culture substrate cultivation tomato as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that: said slot type cultivation is grade at first, with fragment of brick build on the ground one high 35~45 centimetres; The groove that internal diameter is wide 90~110 centimetres; 110~130 centimetres of wide plastic films are spread in the bottom, stamp diameter in the centre of bottom thin film and be 0.9~1.1 centimetre hole, and pitch of holes is 33~38 centimetres; Compacting; And exceed groove face, place drip irrigation pipe bonnet last layer plastic film, but water with said soilless culture substrate drenched after just perforate field planting young plant.
CN201210159649.9A 2012-05-22 2012-05-22 Method for preparing soilless culture substrate of tomatoes and method for planting tomatoes by utilizing substrate Expired - Fee Related CN102715064B (en)

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CN103319240A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-25 沈阳农业大学 Bag-culture composite nutritional matrix for tomatoes and preparation and nutrient and water management methods thereof
CN103404353A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-11-27 灌云县农业技术推广中心 Seedling culture method for cultivating early-spring strong vegetable seedlings by utilizing sunlight greenhouse
CN103467152A (en) * 2013-08-14 2013-12-25 江苏鼎钰生态农业科技有限公司 Soilless culture substrate of tomato
CN103641542A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-03-19 北海市蔬菜研究所 Vegetable culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN104521718A (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-04-22 李本兵 Soilless culture method utilizing organic fertilizer and application thereof
CN104719114A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-24 青岛市农业科学研究院 Tomato soilless culture nutrient solution with fly ash aggregate as matrix
CN104756843A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-08 广西大学 Organic seedling substrate for tomato and preparation method thereof
CN105961020A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-09-28 沈阳农业大学 Method for cultivating high-sugar tomatoes in bags in sunlight greenhouse
CN106718274A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-05-31 广西百色国家农业科技园区管理委员会 Layer-stepping tomato seedling substrate and its application method that a kind of tomato stalk is made

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CN101503325A (en) * 2009-03-20 2009-08-12 沈阳农业大学 Nutrition medium for reducing tomato soil borne disease incidence and preparation thereof
CN102150530A (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-08-17 苏州硒谷科技有限公司 Tomatoes rich in organic selenium and production method thereof

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CN101341849A (en) * 2008-08-28 2009-01-14 山东农业大学 Organic matter basis cultivation method for vegetable overcoming root-knot nematodiasis of soil
CN101503325A (en) * 2009-03-20 2009-08-12 沈阳农业大学 Nutrition medium for reducing tomato soil borne disease incidence and preparation thereof
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103319240A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-25 沈阳农业大学 Bag-culture composite nutritional matrix for tomatoes and preparation and nutrient and water management methods thereof
CN103319240B (en) * 2013-06-20 2014-07-30 沈阳农业大学 Bag-culture composite nutritional matrix for tomatoes and preparation and nutrient and water management methods thereof
CN103467152A (en) * 2013-08-14 2013-12-25 江苏鼎钰生态农业科技有限公司 Soilless culture substrate of tomato
CN103404353A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-11-27 灌云县农业技术推广中心 Seedling culture method for cultivating early-spring strong vegetable seedlings by utilizing sunlight greenhouse
CN103641542A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-03-19 北海市蔬菜研究所 Vegetable culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN103641542B (en) * 2013-11-20 2016-02-17 北海市蔬菜研究所 A kind of Vegetable culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104521718A (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-04-22 李本兵 Soilless culture method utilizing organic fertilizer and application thereof
CN104719114A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-24 青岛市农业科学研究院 Tomato soilless culture nutrient solution with fly ash aggregate as matrix
CN104719114B (en) * 2015-03-25 2017-04-12 青岛市农业科学研究院 Tomato soilless culture nutrient solution with fly ash aggregate as matrix
CN104756843A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-08 广西大学 Organic seedling substrate for tomato and preparation method thereof
CN105961020A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-09-28 沈阳农业大学 Method for cultivating high-sugar tomatoes in bags in sunlight greenhouse
CN106718274A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-05-31 广西百色国家农业科技园区管理委员会 Layer-stepping tomato seedling substrate and its application method that a kind of tomato stalk is made

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