CN102711922B - Fire evacuation shelter facilities - Google Patents

Fire evacuation shelter facilities Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102711922B
CN102711922B CN201180004748.3A CN201180004748A CN102711922B CN 102711922 B CN102711922 B CN 102711922B CN 201180004748 A CN201180004748 A CN 201180004748A CN 102711922 B CN102711922 B CN 102711922B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
mentioned
plate
fixed
hinges
backplate
Prior art date
Application number
CN201180004748.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102711922A (en
Inventor
南重吾
Original Assignee
科罗泰克有限公司
南重吾
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR10-2010-0086809 priority Critical
Priority to KR1020100086809A priority patent/KR100998240B1/en
Application filed by 科罗泰克有限公司, 南重吾 filed Critical 科罗泰克有限公司
Priority to PCT/KR2011/003019 priority patent/WO2012033273A1/en
Publication of CN102711922A publication Critical patent/CN102711922A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102711922B publication Critical patent/CN102711922B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B5/00Other devices for rescuing from fire
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B15/00Installations affording protection against poisonous or injurious substances, e.g. with separate breathing apparatus
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination, staggered storeys small buildings
    • E04H1/12Small buildings or other erections for limited occupation, erected in the open air or arranged in buildings, e.g. kiosks, waiting shelters for bus stops or for filling stations, roofs for railway platforms, watchmens' huts, dressing cubicles
    • E04H1/125Small buildings, arranged in other buildings
    • E04H1/1261Cubicles for fire-protection

Abstract

The present invention relates to fire evacuation shelter facilities, and particularly, to fire evacuation shelter facilities that enable persons who were unable to escape from a fire via an emergency exit or other escape means to be safely protected from flames and noxious fumes until firefighters or other rescuers arrive.

Description

Fire disaster refuge escape apparatus

Technical field

The present invention relates to fire disaster refuge arrangement for evacuation, be specifically related to when breaking out of fire, fail from extra exit or during other escape safe harbors, for can be before salvor arrives, safe harbor flame and toxic gas and the fire disaster refuge arrangement for evacuation developed.

Background technology

In most population concentrations, live in the situation of urban, in order to allow more people live and work in limited space, increasing high-rise is being rised sheer from level ground.This building, when breaking out of fire, becomes fatal potential safety hazard, therefore all will take to be in principle provided with emergency exit and fire prevention outlet, and the slow various arrangement for evacuations such as machine that fall are installed.

But the few know this type of slow using method of falling machine, and also often feel in use to fear.

And assemble a lot of people and be difficult to use at place, extra exit when breaking out of fire, and in order to prevent the inflow of flame or flue gas, in extra exit, being also provided with fireproof door, is manual but in fact close fireproof door major part, therefore in most cases all can not close.Now, the effect of chimney is played in emergency exit, may make on the contrary fire further spread.

Therefore cause the people who fails to flee to set up defences for flame and the good nothing of toxic gas more fatal than flame, thereby a lot of accidents of getting killed occurs.

Summary of the invention

The present invention researches and develops in order to address the above problem, its object is to research and develop a kind of fail when breaking out of fire from extra exit or when other installation securitys of taking refuge hide, for can be before salvor arrives, can safe harbor flame and the fire disaster refuge arrangement for evacuation of toxic gas.

Solution of the present invention is:

In order to achieve the above object, the invention provides a kind of fire disaster refuge arrangement for evacuation, it is characterized in that, by following structure, formed: front plate 2; By upright Square consisting of two isosceles right-angled triangles shape, formed, at the railing 11 1 side ends of balcony 1, make lower end and a side be fixed on metope by a plurality of fixed supports 21, central authorities form a plurality of entrance doors 23 that the first hinge 22 opens and closes that pass through; Backplate 3; the Square consisting of two isosceles right-angled triangles shape identical with above-mentioned front plate 2 forms; lower end and upper end be vertical curve and form lower step rib 31 and top ladder rib 32 forwards respectively; central authorities form outlet portal 35, and this outlet portal 35 opens and closes and be provided with by a plurality of the second hinges 33 locking device 34 that can untie from outside; Two side panels 4; shape by Square consisting of two isosceles right-angled triangles forms; two side ends is rotatably mounted in respectively the two sides of above-mentioned front plate 2 and backplate 3, spatial separation certain distance when above-mentioned hinge 42 is amounted between above-mentioned front plate 2 and backplate 3 by a plurality of the 3rd hinges 41 and hinge 42; Bottom panel 5, one end is installed on a plurality of the 4th hinges 51 that form in the lower end of above-mentioned front plate 2, forms at least more than one the air stream hand-hole 52 being connected, and when opening, is mounted on the lower step rib 31 of above-mentioned backplate 3 and forms bottom surface; Top panel 6, one end is installed on a plurality of the 5th hinges 61 of installing in the upper end of above-mentioned front plate 2, and comprises a plurality of fixed parts 62 of being combined with the bottom surface of the top of above-mentioned backplate 3 ladder rib 32 while being opened.

And above-mentioned fixed part is by articulating fixed lobe and articulating fixed area and form, above-mentioned articulate fixed lobe in the above the rear end above of plate to top, protrude, its upper end external diameter expansion forms ladder rib; The above-mentioned fixed area that articulates is correspondingly combined with the above-mentioned fixed lobe that articulates at above-mentioned top ladder rib.

And interior thermal fiber plate is pasted in the outside of above-mentioned each plate.

And above-mentioned two side panels 4 are vertically divided into two halves, and the frontage of dimidiation can be by a plurality of the 6th hinges 43 to opposed facing folded inside.

Effect of the present invention is:

As the invention described above enters the fire disaster refuge escape apparatus that is installed on balcony when the breaking out of fire, and can safe harbor flame and toxic gas wait for rescue, thereby can reduce dying of human life.

Feature of the present invention and benefit can be clearer and more definite by following explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings.The term using in this specification and claims book or vocabulary can not be with common and dictionary meanings and are made an explanation, to for the invention of himself is described the mode with best, can suitably define the principle of the concept of term according to inventor, by meaning and the concept of technological thought according to the invention, make an explanation.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is for representing according to the cutaway view of the folding state of one embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is for representing according to the back side cutaway view of the folding state of one embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 3 is for representing according to the cutaway view of the state of the expansion of one embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 4 is the view sub-anatomy according to one embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 5 to Figure 10 is for representing according to the concept map of the use procedure of one embodiment of the invention;

Figure 11 is for representing according to the back view of the front plate fixed structure of one embodiment of the invention;

Figure 12 view sub-anatomy according to another embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 13 is for representing according to the plane of the folding state of another embodiment again of the present invention;

Figure 14 is the plane of the state of the expansion of expression another embodiment again of the present invention;

Figure 15 is for representing according to the plane of the state of the expansion of another embodiment again of the present invention.

(reference numeral explanation)

1: balcony 11: railing 2: front plate

21: 22: the first hinges 23 of fixed support: entrance door

3: backplate 31: lower step rib 32: top ladder rib

Within 33: the second, hinge 34: locking device 4: side panel

41: the three hinges 42: 43: the six hinges of hinge

5: 51: the four hinges 52 of bottom panel: air stream hand-hole

6: 61: the five hinges 62 of top panel: fixed part

62a: articulate fixed lobe 62b: articulate fixed area 7: interior thermal fiber plate

The specific embodiment

Referring to accompanying drawing, describe structure of the present invention in detail, so that those skilled in the art easily understand and implement.

Fig. 1 is for representing according to the cutaway view of the folding state of one embodiment of the invention; Fig. 2 is for representing according to the back side cutaway view of the folding state of one embodiment of the invention; Fig. 3 is for representing according to the cutaway view of the state of the expansion of one embodiment of the invention; Fig. 4 is the view sub-anatomy according to one embodiment of the invention;

A kind of fire disaster refuge arrangement for evacuation with following feature is disclosed; this fire disaster refuge arrangement for evacuation consists of following structure: front plate 2; by upright Square consisting of two isosceles right-angled triangles shape, formed; railing 11 1 side ends at balcony 1 make lower end and a side be fixed on metope by a plurality of fixed supports 21, and central authorities form a plurality of entrance doors 23 that the first hinge 22 opens and closes that pass through; Backplate 3; its Square consisting of two isosceles right-angled triangles shape identical with above-mentioned front plate 2 forms; lower end and upper end be vertical curve and form lower step rib 31 and top ladder rib 32 forwards respectively; central authorities form outlet portal 35, and this outlet portal 35 opens and closes and be provided with by a plurality of the second hinges 33 locking device 34 that can untie from outside; Two side panels 4; shape by Square consisting of two isosceles right-angled triangles forms; two side ends is rotatably mounted in respectively the two sides of above-mentioned front plate 2 and backplate 3, spatial separation certain distance when above-mentioned hinge 42 is amounted between above-mentioned front plate 2 and backplate 3 by a plurality of the 3rd hinges 41 and hinge 42; Bottom panel 5, one end is installed on a plurality of the 4th hinges 51 that form in the lower end of above-mentioned front plate 2, forms at least more than one the air stream hand-hole 52 being connected, and when opening, is mounted on the lower step rib 31 of above-mentioned backplate 3 and forms bottom surface; Top panel 6, one end is installed on a plurality of the 5th hinges 61 of installing in the upper end of above-mentioned front plate 2, and comprises a plurality of fixed parts 62 of being combined with the bottom surface of the top of above-mentioned backplate 3 ladder rib 32 while being opened.

Said structure is mounted on the railing 11 of balcony 1, when breaking out of fire, can flee from temporarily and hide flame or toxic gas, substantially using non-automatic incombustible material, inner and outside sealing, and when extraneous air flows into, by air stream hand-hole 52, purified, thereby can prevent that toxic gas from invading to inside.

In the operative relation showing in the following drawings for more detailed operative relation, be elaborated.

Fig. 5 to Figure 10 is for representing according to the concept map of the use procedure of one embodiment of the invention; Figure 11 is for representing according to the back view of the front plate fixed structure of one embodiment of the invention, while failing to flee from when breaking out of fire, user can open the side panel of amounting in advance 4, and after opening entrance door 23, by the bottom surface of originally amounting to and top panel 5,6 push open, thereby make bottom panel 5 be mounted on the lower step rib 31 of above-mentioned backplate 3, thereby launch with level.

And when above-mentioned top panel 6 is opened to top, above-mentioned fixed part 62 carries out combination and maintains the boxed-section shape of four jiaos with above-mentioned top ladder rib 32.

Now, the present invention is the additional embodiment with following characteristics that provides separately, above-mentioned fixed part 62 by the top of the rear end above of plate 6 in the above, protruded and upper end by external diameter expansion forms ladder rib articulate fixed lobe 62a and at above-mentioned top ladder rib 32 and above-mentionedly articulate the fixed area 62b that articulates that fixed lobe 62a carries out combination accordingly and form.

Afterwards, user can hide flame and toxic gas after entering inside by entrance door 23, until the personnel on ground or salvor arrive.

Now, above-mentioned air stream hand-hole 52 can be installed the air cleaner that can effectively block toxic gas.

And the locking device 34 of above-mentioned backplate 3, because having and make to hide the danger that personnel fall before arriving salvor as while opening outlet portal 35 in inside, can not be opened in inside, until salvor's unlocked device.

Figure 12 is view sub-anatomy according to another embodiment of the present invention, has shown the embodiment of thermal fiber plate 7 in pasting in the outside of each above-mentioned plate 2,3,4,5,6.

When above-described embodiment is formed by simple metal in order solving, if the hot gas of flame is directly passed on to the personnel that hide of inside, to hide that personnel can be burnt by its hot gas or in the shortcoming of the insufferable stage in inside, by interior thermal fiber plate 7, to prevent that heat from passing on.

Figure 13 is for representing according to the plane of the folding state of another embodiment again of the present invention; Figure 14 is the plane of the state of the expansion of expression another embodiment again of the present invention; Figure 15 is for representing according to the plane of the state of the expansion of another embodiment again of the present invention, above-mentioned two side panels 4 are disclosed to being vertically divided into two halves, and the frontage of dimidiation can be by a plurality of the 6th hinges 43 embodiment to opposed facing folded inside.

Said structure makes each plate folding by another kind of method, and said structure has under folding state the minimized advantage in the space taking.Just to consider the weakened of above-mentioned side panel 4, if manufacture is not firm, can be damaged by the personnel's of taking refuge body weight.

Claims (4)

1. a fire disaster refuge escape apparatus, is characterized in that, following structure, consists of: front plate (2); By upright Square consisting of two isosceles right-angled triangles shape, formed; railing (11) one side ends at balcony (1) make lower end and a side be fixed on metope by a plurality of fixed supports (21), and central authorities form a plurality of entrance doors (23) that the first hinge (22) opens and closes that pass through; Backplate (3); the Square consisting of two isosceles right-angled triangles shape identical with above-mentioned front plate (2) forms; lower end and upper end be vertical curve and form lower step rib (31) and top ladder rib (32) forwards respectively; central authorities form outlet portal (35), and this outlet portal (35) is opened and closed and be provided with the locking device (34) that can untie from outside by a plurality of the second hinges (33); Two side panels (4); shape by Square consisting of two isosceles right-angled triangles forms; two side ends is rotatably mounted in respectively the two sides of above-mentioned front plate (2) and backplate (3) by a plurality of the 3rd hinges (41) and hinge (42), spatial separation certain distance when above-mentioned hinge (42) is amounted between above-mentioned front plate (2) and backplate (3); Bottom panel (5); one end is installed on a plurality of the 4th hinges (51) that form in the lower end of above-mentioned front plate (2); the air stream hand-hole (52) of at least more than one that formation is connected, and when opening, be mounted on the lower step rib (31) of above-mentioned backplate (3) and form bottom surface; Top panel (6), one end is installed on a plurality of the 5th hinges (61) of installing in the upper end of above-mentioned front plate (2), and comprises a plurality of fixed parts (62) of being combined with the bottom surface of the top of above-mentioned backplate (3) ladder rib (32) while being opened.
2. fire disaster refuge escape apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, above-mentioned fixed part (62) forms by articulating fixed lobe (62a) and articulating fixed area (62b), above-mentioned articulate fixed lobe (62a) in the above the rear end above of plate to top, protrude, its upper end external diameter expansion forms ladder rib; The above-mentioned fixed area (62b) that articulates is correspondingly combined with the above-mentioned fixed lobe (62a) that articulates at above-mentioned top ladder rib (32).
3. fire disaster refuge escape apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, interior thermal fiber plate (7) is pasted in the outside of above-mentioned each plate (2,3,4,5,6).
4. according to the fire disaster refuge escape apparatus described in any one in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, above-mentioned two side panels (4) are vertically divided into two halves, and the critical surface of dimidiation can be by a plurality of the 6th hinges (43) to opposed facing folded inside.
CN201180004748.3A 2010-09-06 2011-04-26 Fire evacuation shelter facilities CN102711922B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR10-2010-0086809 2010-09-06
KR1020100086809A KR100998240B1 (en) 2010-09-06 2010-09-06 The installation to evacuating from a fire
PCT/KR2011/003019 WO2012033273A1 (en) 2010-09-06 2011-04-26 Fire evacuation shelter facilities

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102711922A CN102711922A (en) 2012-10-03
CN102711922B true CN102711922B (en) 2014-04-16

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ID=43512342

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201180004748.3A CN102711922B (en) 2010-09-06 2011-04-26 Fire evacuation shelter facilities

Country Status (3)

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KR (1) KR100998240B1 (en)
CN (1) CN102711922B (en)
WO (1) WO2012033273A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101578929B1 (en) 2015-05-18 2015-12-21 (주)이엔에프테크 Fire evacuation chamber provided in the basement.
KR101591231B1 (en) 2015-10-16 2016-02-02 신동환 Emergency gate with evacuation space
KR101863901B1 (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-06-01 주식회사 에스엠텍 The folding type fire and disaster escaping system combined using for balcony balustrade
KR102061008B1 (en) 2017-09-01 2020-01-08 배종옥 Fire escape room fire door
KR20190088290A (en) 2018-01-18 2019-07-26 이병규 Fire escape room fire door
KR102104204B1 (en) 2019-03-21 2020-04-23 최진택 Safety Shelter for Emergency Evacuation
KR102112588B1 (en) * 2019-09-16 2020-05-19 유병수 Auto self swing out evacuation structure

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201123961Y (en) * 2007-10-31 2008-10-01 马明升 Life-saving chamber for fire

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100640021B1 (en) 2006-04-04 2006-11-01 김원구 Apparatus for refuge
KR100773455B1 (en) 2006-07-20 2007-11-06 연세대학교 산학협력단 Shelter for emergency
KR100770825B1 (en) * 2006-12-01 2007-10-26 최양식 Life shelter in case of fire or disaster prevention
KR100874555B1 (en) 2007-04-18 2008-12-16 주식회사 케이씨씨 Evacuation port structure for apartment house

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201123961Y (en) * 2007-10-31 2008-10-01 马明升 Life-saving chamber for fire

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2012033273A1 (en) 2012-03-15
CN102711922A (en) 2012-10-03
KR100998240B1 (en) 2010-12-03

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