CN102707515B - Liquid crystal grating, preparation method of liquid crystal grating, 3D (three- dimensional) display part and 3D display device - Google Patents

Liquid crystal grating, preparation method of liquid crystal grating, 3D (three- dimensional) display part and 3D display device Download PDF

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CN102707515B
CN102707515B CN2012101355878A CN201210135587A CN102707515B CN 102707515 B CN102707515 B CN 102707515B CN 2012101355878 A CN2012101355878 A CN 2012101355878A CN 201210135587 A CN201210135587 A CN 201210135587A CN 102707515 B CN102707515 B CN 102707515B
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electrode
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liquid crystal
strip
electrodes
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CN102707515A (en
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杨盛际
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北京京东方光电科技有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1343Electrodes
    • G02F1/134309Electrodes characterised by their geometrical arrangement
    • G02B30/25
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1343Electrodes
    • G02F1/134309Electrodes characterised by their geometrical arrangement
    • G02F1/134363Electrodes characterised by their geometrical arrangement for applying an electric field parallel to the substrate, i.e. in-plane switching [IPS]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1343Electrodes
    • G02F1/134309Electrodes characterised by their geometrical arrangement
    • G02F2001/134318Electrodes characterised by their geometrical arrangement having a patterned common electrode

Abstract

本发明公开了一种液晶光栅、其制备方法、3D显示器件及3D显示装置,由第一基板、第二基板和胶框围城的空间中具有液晶;在第一基板面向液晶的一面具有第一方向条状电极,在第一方向条状电极之上具有与其绝缘的第二方向条状电极;在第二基板面向液晶的一面具有面电极。 The present invention discloses a liquid crystal grating, their preparation, and a 3D display device 3D display device, by the first substrate, the second substrate and the space in the mold frame having a liquid crystal Siege; a first substrate having a first side facing the liquid crystal direction of the strip electrodes, strip electrodes in a first direction and a second direction on the insulated strip electrode; a second substrate having a surface facing one surface of the liquid crystal electrode. 分别对第一方向条状电极或第二方向条状电极通电,都能与面电极形成电场,使得对应的液晶偏转,能够在与第一方向垂直的方向或在与第二方向垂直的方向形成屏障栅栏,从而实现双方向的三维光栅显示模式。 Strip electrodes, respectively, the first direction or a second direction stripe electrodes energized electrode surface and can form an electric field, the liquid crystal corresponding to the deflection, or can be formed in a direction perpendicular to the second direction in a direction perpendicular to the first direction barrier fence, enabling the two sides to display a three-dimensional raster pattern.

Description

液晶光栅、其制备方法、3D显示器件及3D显示装置 A liquid crystal shutter, their preparation, and a 3D display device 3D display device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及液晶显示技术领域,尤其涉及一种液晶光栅、其制备方法、3D显示器件及3D显示装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a liquid crystal display technology, and particularly relates to a liquid crystal grating, their preparation, and a 3D display device 3D display device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,随着液晶显示技术的不断发展,三维显示技术已经备受关注,三维显示技术可以使得画面变得立体逼真,其最基本的原理是利用人眼左右分别接收不同画面,然后大脑经过对图像信息进行叠加重生,构成立体方向效果的影像。 [0002] Currently, with the development of liquid crystal display technology, three-dimensional display technology has been of concern, such that the three-dimensional display screen technology can become a realistic perspective, its basic principle is to use human left and right eyes receive different screens, respectively, and then the brain after regeneration of the superimposition image information, constituting a stereoscopic image orientation effect.

[0003] 为了实现三维显示,现有技术是在显示屏上增加一层液晶光栅,如图1所示,液晶光栅一般是由上偏光片、下偏光片、上基板、下基板、以及在两个基板之间的液晶层组成,上基板和下基板分别具有条状电极和面电极,其具体工作原理如下: [0003] In order to achieve three-dimensional display, the prior art is to increase the grating on the display screen of the liquid crystal layer, shown in Figure 1, a liquid crystal shutter is normally provided by the polarizer, the polarizer, the upper substrate, a lower substrate, and the two a liquid crystal layer between the substrates composed of upper and lower substrates each having a strip electrode and the surface electrode, which specifically works as follows:

[0004] 当液晶光栅通电时,与条状电极对应的液晶分子发生偏转而平行,其他液晶分子保持原来形状,不发生偏转。 [0004] When the liquid crystal shutter is energized, the liquid crystal molecules corresponding to the stripe electrodes deflected parallel, other liquid crystal molecules maintain the original shape, not deflected. 此时,光线从下偏光片进入,与下偏光片的吸收轴平行的偏振光进入到液晶层,偏振光通过没有发生偏转的液晶时会逐步改变振动方向,到达上偏振片时偏振光的振动方向刚好和上偏振片的吸收轴平行,则光线通过;而偏振光通过发生偏转而平行的液晶时不会改变振动方向,到达上偏振片时偏振光的振动方向和上偏振片的吸收轴垂直,这样就形成了垂直于条状电极方向的屏障栅栏,实现了三维光栅显示模式。 In this case, light enters from the lower polarizer plate, parallel to the absorption axis of the polarizer polarized light enters the liquid crystal layer, polarized light passes through the liquid crystal deflection does not occur gradually changing the vibration direction, the vibration of polarized light reaches the upper polarizer and the direction of absorption axis just parallel to the polarizing plate, the light to pass through; without changing the vibration direction polarized light passes through the liquid crystal deflect parallel and reaches the vibration direction of the polarized perpendicular to the absorption axis of the upper polarizing plate and the polarizing plate , thus forming a barrier fence direction perpendicular to the strip-shaped electrodes to achieve a three-dimensional raster display mode. 在此模式下,应该由左眼看到的图像显示在液晶屏上时,不透明的条纹会遮挡右眼,同理应该由右眼看到的图像显示在液晶屏上时,不透明的条纹会遮挡左眼,通过将左右眼的可视画面分开,实现三维显示效果。 In this mode, an image to be displayed when a left eye on the LCD screen, the opaque stripes would block the right eye, by the same token the image to be displayed in the right eye on the LCD screen, the left-eye shutter opaque streaks , by the left and right eyes separately viewable image, three-dimensional display effect.

[0005] 上述现有的用于三维显示的液晶光栅只能在一个方向上实现屏障栅栏能根据需要在多个方向实现屏障栅栏。 [0005] The conventional liquid crystal display for three-dimensional raster barrier fence can only be achieved in one direction can be realized in a plurality of directions from the barrier fence needs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明实施例提供了一种液晶光栅、其制备方法、3D显示器件及3D显示装置,用以实现双方向的三维光栅显示模式。 [0006] The embodiment provides a liquid crystal grating of the present invention, methods for their preparation, 3D display device and a 3D display apparatus for realizing both the three-dimensional raster display mode.

[0007] 本发明实施例提供的一种液晶光栅,包括第一基板,第二基板,密封连接所述第一基板和所述第二基板边缘的胶框,位于由所述第一基板、所述第二基板和所述胶框围成的空间中的液晶,还包括: A liquid crystal grating according to an embodiment [0007] The present invention includes a first substrate, a second substrate, a first seal connecting said substrate and said second substrate edge plastic frame, positioned by the first substrate, the said second substrate and the mold frame in a space surrounded by the liquid crystal, further comprising:

[0008] 所述第一基板面向液晶的一面具有第一方向条状电极,在所述第一方向条状电极之上具有与其绝缘的第二方向条状电极; [0008] The first substrate facing the liquid crystal side of strip electrodes having a first direction and a second direction of strip electrodes insulated from the first direction over the stripe electrodes;

[0009] 所述第二基板面向液晶的一面具有面电极。 [0009] The second substrate has a face side facing the liquid crystal electrode.

[0010] 本发明实施例还提供了一种3D显示器件,包括液晶面板和设置于所述液晶面板上方的液晶光栅,所述液晶光栅为本发明实施例提供的上述液晶光栅。 [0010] Embodiments of the present invention further provides a 3D display device comprising a liquid crystal panel and a liquid crystal shutter disposed above the liquid crystal panel, the liquid crystal grating on the grating according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0011] 本发明实施例还提供了一种3D显示装置,包括本发明实施例提供的上述3D显示器件。 Example [0011] The present invention further provides a 3D display device, comprising the above-described 3D display device according to an embodiment of the present invention. [0012] 本发明实施例还提供了一种液晶光栅的制备方法,包括: [0012] Embodiments of the present invention further provides a method for preparing a liquid crystal grating, comprising:

[0013] 在第一基板上形成第一方向条状电极; [0013] direction, a first strip electrode formed on the first substrate;

[0014] 在所述第一方向条状电极上制备绝缘材料层; [0014] The insulating material layer is prepared in the first direction stripe electrodes;

[0015] 在所述绝缘材料层上形成第二方向条状电极,所述第二方向条状电极与所述第一方向条状电极绝缘;在第二基板上形成面电极;以及 [0015] is formed on the insulating material layer a second electrode strip direction, the second direction of the stripe electrodes and the first insulating direction stripe electrodes; an electrode is formed on the second substrate surface; and

[0016] 将第一基板与第二基板进行对盒处理。 [0016] The first substrate and the second substrate to the process cartridge.

[0017] 本发明实施例的有益效果包括: [0017] Advantageous effects of the embodiments of the present invention comprises:

[0018] 本发明实施例提供的一种液晶光栅、其制备方法、3D显示器件及3D显示装置,由第一基板、第二基板和胶框围城的空间中具有液晶;在第一基板面向液晶的一面具有第一方向条状电极,在第一方向条状电极之上具有与其绝缘的第二方向条状电极;在第二基板面向液晶的一面具有面电极。 [0018] A liquid crystal shutter according to an embodiment of the present invention, methods for their preparation, 3D display device and a 3D display apparatus, by the first substrate, the second substrate and the space in the mold frame having a liquid crystal Siege; first substrate facing the liquid crystal side electrode strip having a first direction, the first direction over the strip having a second electrode strip electrodes insulated direction; a second substrate having a surface facing one surface of the liquid crystal electrode. 分别对第一方向条状电极或第二方向条状电极通电,都能与面电极形成电场,使得对应的液晶偏转,能够在与第一方向垂直的方向或在与第二方向垂直的方向形成屏障栅栏,从而实现双方向的三维光栅显示模式。 Strip electrodes, respectively, the first direction or a second direction stripe electrodes energized electrode surface and can form an electric field, the liquid crystal corresponding to the deflection, or can be formed in a direction perpendicular to the second direction in a direction perpendicular to the first direction barrier fence, enabling the two sides to display a three-dimensional raster pattern.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 图1为现有技术中液晶光棚的结构不意图; [0019] FIG. 1 is a prior art liquid crystal structure is not intended to shed light;

[0020] 图2为本发明实施例提供的液晶光栅的结构示意图; [0020] FIG. 2 is a schematic configuration of the liquid crystal gratings according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0021] 图3为本发明实施例提供的液晶光栅的结构分解示意图; Structure [0021] FIG. 3 is an embodiment of a liquid crystal shutter provided in exploded view;

[0022] 图4为本发明实施例提供的实例一的原理示意图; [0022] FIG. 4 is a schematic example of the principles according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0023] 图5为本发明实施例提供的实例二的原理示意图; [0023] FIG. 5 is a schematic principle embodiment provides two examples of embodiment of the invention;

[0024] 图6为本发明实施例提供的3D显示器件的结构示意图; [0024] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a 3D display device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0025] 图7为本发明实施例提供的液晶光栅的制备方法的流程图; [0025] FIG. 7 is a flowchart of method for preparing the liquid crystal gratings according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0026] 图8a_图Si为本发明实施例提供的液晶光栅制备过程中的各步骤示意图。 [0026] The schematic diagram of each step a liquid crystal shutter provided in the manufacturing process of the embodiment of the present invention FIG Si 8a_ FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0027] 下面结合附图,对本发明实施例提供的液晶光栅、其制备方法、3D显示器件及3D显示装置的具体实施方式进行详细地说明。 [0027] DRAWINGS liquid crystal provided by the grating of the embodiment of the present invention, methods for their preparation, and 3D display device DETAILED DESCRIPTION 3D display device will be described in detail.

[0028] 本发明实施例提供的一种液晶光栅,如图2所示,具体包括:第一基板101,第二基板102,密封连接第一基板101和第二基板102边缘的胶框103,位于由第一基板101、第二基板102和I父框103围成的空间中的液晶104,还包括: [0028] A liquid crystal shutter according to an embodiment of the present invention, shown in Figure 2, comprises: a first substrate 101, second substrate 102, 101 and 102 connected to the sealing edge of the second substrate of the first substrate plastic frame 103, surrounded by the first substrate 101 is located, a second substrate 102 and the I frame 103 to the parent space a liquid crystal 104, further comprising:

[0029] 第一基板101面向液晶104的一面具有第一方向条状电极105,在第一方向条状电极105之上具有与其绝缘的第二方向条状电极106 ; [0029] The first substrate 101 facing the liquid crystal 104 side of strip electrodes having a first direction 105, on the stripe electrodes 105 in a first direction and a second direction of the stripe electrodes 106 insulated;

[0030] 第二基板102面向液晶104的一面具有面电极107。 [0030] The second substrate 102 facing the liquid crystal 104 side electrode 107 having a surface.

[0031] 其中,在具体实施时,可以使用ITO (Indium Tin Oxides,铟锡金属氧化物)材料作为第一方向条状电极105、第二方向条状电极106和面电极107。 [0031] wherein, in the specific embodiment, may be used ITO (Indium Tin Oxides, Indium Tin metal oxide) as the material of the strip electrodes 105 a first direction, the second direction stripe electrodes 106 and the electrodes 107 face.

[0032] 其中,在具体实施时,可以在第一方向条状电极和第二方向条状电极之间设置绝缘材料层108,以实现两层条状电极相互绝缘。 [0032] wherein, in the specific embodiment, the strip may be in a first direction and the second direction stripe electrodes disposed between the electrode layer 108 of insulating material, in order to achieve two strip electrodes insulated from each other.

[0033] 较佳地,在第一基板101背向液晶104的一面还具有第一偏光片109,在第二基板102背向液晶104的一面还具有第二偏光片110,第一偏光片109和第二偏光片110能够对经过的光线进行过滤,形成偏振光。 [0033] Preferably, the liquid crystal 104 facing away from the first side of the substrate 101 further includes a first polarizer 109, 104 opposite the liquid side of the second substrate 102 further includes a second polarizer 110, a first polarizer 109 and a second polarizer 110 can filter passing light, polarized light is formed.

[0034] 较佳地,第二方向条状电极106面向液晶104的一面还可以具有第一取向膜(图2中未示出),在面电极107面向液晶104的一面还可以具有第二取向膜(图2中未示出)。 [0034] Preferably, the second direction stripe electrodes 106 facing the liquid crystal 104 side may also have a first alignment film (not shown in FIG. 2), the surface of the electrode 107 facing the liquid crystal 104 side may also have a second orientation film (not shown in FIG. 2). 第一取向膜和第二取向膜的作用和现有液晶取向膜的作用相同,在此不再赘述。 Role of the first alignment film and the second alignment film and the effect the same as the conventional liquid crystal alignment film, are not repeated here.

[0035] 较佳地,本发明实施例提供的上述液晶光栅的屏幕大小一般与配套使用的显示屏的屏幕大小相一致,当液晶光栅的屏幕较大时,为了增强其抗压能力,还可以在第一基板101和第二基板102之间设置有多个透明的支撑体(图2中未示出),以增强其抗压性。 [0035] Preferably, the screen size of the display screen size of the liquid crystal coincides grating provided in generally supporting the use of the embodiment of the present invention, when a large screen liquid crystal gratings, in order to enhance its resilience and also 101 between the first substrate and the second transparent substrate 102 provided with a plurality of supports (not shown in FIG. 2), in order to enhance its crush resistance.

[0036] 较佳地,第一方向条状电极105中相邻电极之间的间距与第二方向条状电极106中相邻电极之间的间距相同,这样能够保证第一方向条状电极和第二方向条状电极具有相同的透光性。 [0036] Preferably, the spacing between the same electrode pitch of stripe electrodes 106 and the second direction between adjacent first electrodes 105 in the direction of the adjacent stripe electrodes, this can ensure that the first direction and the stripe electrode a second electrode having a same direction stripe translucent. 在具体实施时,可以根据液晶光栅所需的分辨率和屏幕的长宽比,具体设置第一方向条状电极105的数量和第二方向条状电极106的数量。 In a specific embodiment, the aspect ratio according to the desired resolution of the grating and the liquid crystal screen, and a second number of specific settings first direction stripe electrodes 106, 105 the number of electrode strips.

[0037] 本发明实施例提供的上述液晶光栅中,如图3所示的结构分解图,第一方向条状电极105与第二方向条状电极106中的条状电极相互不平行,较佳地,第一方向条状电极 [0037] The liquid crystal shutter according to an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in an exploded configuration shown in FIG. 3, the first direction and the second strip electrode strip 105 in the direction of the electrode strip electrodes 106 are not parallel, preferably , the first direction stripe electrodes

105与第二方向条状电极106可以形成异面垂直的关系,并且,本发明实施例中并不具体限定第一方向条状电极和第二方向条状电极的条状电极方向,可以分别为横向和纵向,也可以为其他方向。 105 and the second direction stripe electrodes 106 may be formed perpendicular to the surface of different relations, and the direction of the strip electrodes is not particularly defined embodiment a first direction and a second direction of the stripe electrodes of the stripe electrode embodiment of the present invention, respectively horizontal and vertical, or may be other directions.

[0038] 具体地,如图3所示,可以通过在第一基板(图3中未示出)上设置与第一方向条状电极105相连的第一电信号输入输出端111,以及与第二方向条状电极106相连的第二电信号输入输出端112,用以分别对第一方向条状电极105和第二方向条状电极106传递电压信号。 [0038] Specifically, as shown by the first electrical signal input and output terminals connected to the first substrate 111 (not shown in FIG. 3) is provided on the first direction stripe electrodes 105, and a third direction stripe electrodes connected to two electrical inputs 106 of the second output terminal 112 for each electrode 105 in the first direction and the second direction of the stripe electrode stripe 106 deliver a voltage signal.

[0039] 其中,第一电信号输入输出端111和第二电信号输入输出端112可以为金属接线柱PIN或其他常用金属线端口,在此不做限定。 [0039] wherein the first electrical signal input and output terminal 111 and second output terminal of the input electrical signal 112 may be a PIN or other common metal post metal wire port, which is not defined.

[0040] 这样,通过第一电信号输入输出端111对第一方向条状电极105通电后,或者,和第二电信号输入输出端112对第二方向条状电极106通电后,都能与面电极107形成电场,使得与其对应的液晶(图3中未示出)偏转,从而在与第一方向垂直的方向或在与第二方向垂直的方向形成屏障栅栏,实现双方向的三维光栅显示模式。 [0040] Thus, the strip electrode 105 is energized by a first electrical signal in the first direction input and output terminals 111, or a second electrical signal input and output terminal 112 of the stripe electrodes 106 in the second direction after the energization, and can be surface electrode 107 form an electric field, the liquid crystal corresponding thereto (not shown in FIG. 3) is deflected so as to form a barrier or a fence in the direction perpendicular to the second direction in a direction perpendicular to the first direction, to achieve both the three-dimensional raster display mode. 其中,具体如何实现三维显示的原理属于现有技术,在此不再赘述。 Wherein, how they implement the principles of the prior art belong to three-dimensional display, which is not repeated herein.

[0041] 在具体实施时,如图3所不,可以将第一电信号输入输出端111和第二电信号输入输出端112与第二方向条状电极106设置在同一层上,这样,在绝缘材料层108上对应于第一电信号输入输出端111的位置预留的第一过孔113,第一电信号输入输出端111就可以通过第一过孔113与第一方向条状电极105连接,而第二电信号输入输出端112直接和第二方向条状电极106相连。 [0041] In a specific embodiment, not shown in Figure 3, the first electrical signal input and output terminal 111 and the second electrical signal output terminal 112 and the second input direction stripe electrodes 106 disposed on the same layer, so that, in a first electrical signal corresponding to the input-output terminal 111 of the reserved position of the first via hole 113 on the insulating material layer 108, a first input electrical signal output terminal 111 can pass through the first hole 113 and the first strip electrode 105 direction connection and a second electrical signal input and output terminal 112 is directly connected to the electrode strip and the second direction 106.

[0042] 或者,将第一电信号输入输出端和第二电信号输入输出端与第一方向条状电极设置在同一层上,在绝缘材料层上对应于第二电信号输入输出端的位置预留的第二过孔,第二电信号输入输出端通过第二过孔与第二方向条状电极连接,而第一电信号输入输出端直接和第一方向条状电极相连。 [0042] Alternatively, the first input electrical signal output and a second output terminal of the first electrical input direction stripe electrodes disposed on the same layer, the layer of insulating material in a position corresponding to the pre-output terminal of the second electrical signal input leaving a second via hole, a second electrical input connected to an output terminal via a second strip electrode via hole to the second direction, the first electrical signal input and output terminal directly connected to a first electrode stripe direction.

[0043]目前,随着触控屏幕技术的发展,出现了将触摸屏和三维显示相结合的3D显示装置,其结构是在三维显示屏上增加一层触控基板,这种结构的制作过程比较复杂,对于触控基板贴合三维显示屏的对位精度要求比较高,因此,整体制作成本相对较高,并且,由于触控基板和三维显示屏单独设置,因此,得到产品的厚度也比较厚,此外,触控基板也会影响三维光栅的显示效果。 [0043] Currently, with the development of touch screen technology, there has been a touch screen 3D display apparatus and a combination of three-dimensional display, adding a layer structure is a three-dimensional display on the touch substrate, the production process of such a structure comparison complex, a substrate for a touch screen attached to the three-dimensional position accuracy requirements, therefore, the overall production costs are relatively high, and, since the three-dimensional display and the touch substrate separately provided, and therefore, a thickness of the product is relatively thick in addition, the substrate will also affect the touch display of three-dimensional raster.

[0044] 采用本发明实施例提供的液晶光栅,在不增加液晶光栅整体厚度且不影响三维显示的情况下,不仅能够实现双方向三维光栅显示模式,还可以实现电容式触控屏的功能,下面通过具体实例进行详述。 [0044] The present invention provides a liquid crystal grating of the embodiment, without increasing the overall thickness of the liquid crystal shutter does not affect the three-dimensional display can be realized not only to display both three-dimensional raster patterns, can also realize the function of the capacitive touch screen, It is described in detail below by way of specific examples.

[0045] 在下述实例中,将本发明实施例提供的液晶光栅中的第一方向条状电极设置为纵向条状电极,第二方向条状电极设置为横向条状电极。 [0045] In the following examples, the first embodiment of the liquid crystal grating provided in the embodiment of the present invention, the strip electrodes disposed longitudinal strip electrodes, arranged strip electrodes in the second direction transverse to the strip electrodes.

[0046] 一般地,触控屏的像素通常在毫米级,而三维显示的像素通常在微米级,可以看出,触控屏所需的驱动电极比屏障栅栏所需的驱动电极要少的多,可以想到将屏障栅栏的横向条状电极或纵向条状电极同时作为驱动液晶偏转的驱动电极和触控屏的驱动电极,纵向条状电极或横向条状电极中的一部分作为触控屏的感应电极,即可实现触控功能。 [0046] Generally, the pixel at the touch screen typically millimeters, and is generally in the three-dimensional display pixel micron, it can be seen, the drive electrode driving electrodes required touch screen than that required much less the barrier fence , it is conceivable to drive part of the drive electrode or electrode strip electrodes lateral longitudinal strip electrodes barrier fence while driving the liquid crystal and a deflection of the touch screen, the longitudinal or transverse strip electrodes in the strip electrodes of the touch screen as an induction electrode, you can achieve the touch function.

[0047] 因此,我们定义每隔M条的纵向条状电极为触控电极,除触控电极之外的纵向条状电极为光栅电极;定义每隔N条的横向条状电极为触控电极,除触控电极之外的横向条状电极为光栅电极。 [0047] Thus, we define the longitudinal intervals of the M strip electrodes as touch electrodes, strip electrodes other than the longitudinal direction of the grating electrodes touch electrode; every lateral stripe electrodes define the N electrode of a touch transverse strip electrodes except for the electrode raster touch electrode. 其中,可以根据触控的分辨率设置M和N的数值,此外,可以根据液晶光栅的显示屏的长宽比例,将M和N设置成相同数值或不同数值。 Wherein M and N values ​​can be set according to the resolution of the touch and, in addition, may be a liquid crystal display according to the aspect ratio of the grating, the M and N set to the same value or different values.

[0048] 在下述实例中,将纵向条状电极和横向条状电极的个数设置为η条,将M和N的数值设置为2,即每间隔两条纵向条状电极或横向条状电极为触控电极,即第η条、第η-3条、第η-6条......为触控电极。 [0048] In the following examples, the number of the longitudinal and transverse strip electrode strip electrodes is set to η article, the value of M and N is set to 2, i.e. intervals of two lateral longitudinal strip electrodes or electrode strip a touch electrode, i.e. [eta] of the article, η-3 of the article, the article ...... η-6 is a touch electrode.

[0049] 我们将第一电信号输入输出端分为两类,第一类第一电信号输入输出端PIN V和多个第二类第一电信号输入输出端PIN Α,其中,PIN V通过导线与预先定义为光栅电极的纵向条状电极相连,一个PIN A与一个预先定义为触控电极的纵向条状电极相连,PIN A的个数与纵向条状电极中的触控电极的个数相同。 [0049] We will first electrical signal input and output terminals are divided into two categories, first a first electrical signal input and output terminal PIN V and a plurality of second type input and output terminal of the first electrical signal PIN Α, wherein, through PIN V wires connected to the pre-defined longitudinal strip electrode grating electrode, a PIN a with a pre-defined longitudinal strip electrode connected to the touch electrode, the number of electrodes and the number of the touch longitudinal strip electrode in PIN a the same.

[0050] 将第二电信号输入输出端也分为两类,第一类第二电信号输入输出端PINH和多个第二类第二电信号输入输出端PIN B,其中,PIN H通过导线与预先定义为光栅电极的横向条状电极相连,一个PIN B与一个预先定义为触控电极的横向条状电极相连,PIN B的个数与横向条状电极中的触控电极的个数相同。 [0050] The second input electrical signal output terminal is also divided into two categories, first input a second electrical signal output terminal and a plurality of second type PINH a second electrical signal input and output terminal PIN B, wherein, PIN H by wires as previously defined attached to a lateral grating electrode strip electrode, a PIN B with a predefined transverse strip electrode touch electrode is connected to the same number with the number of touch electrode lateral strip electrode in PIN B .

[0051] 使用统一的第一类第一电信号输入输出端PIN V或第一类第二电信号输入输出端PIN H向光栅电极输入交流电压信号,既可以方便电压信号的同步输入,也可以减少总的第一电信号输入输出端和第二电信号输入输出端的数量。 [0051] The first use of a unified input-output terminal of a first electrical signal of the first type or the second PIN V input electrical signal to the output terminal PIN H grating electrode input AC voltage signal, may be easily synchronized input voltage signal, can be a first electrical signal to reduce the total number of input and output terminals and a second electrical signal inputs and outputs.

[0052] 实例一:纵向三维显示和触控功能的实现,如图4所示。 [0052] Example a: longitudinal achieve the three-dimensional display and touch functions, as shown in FIG.

[0053] 使用横向条状电极作为屏障栅栏的驱动电极,即使用PIN H向与其连接的光栅电极传递交流电压信号,具体可以为输入5V交流电;使用横向条状电极中的触控电极作为触控的驱动电极,即使用PIN B向与其连接的触控电极传递与PIN H相同的交流电压信号,具体可以为输入5 V交流电;使用纵向条状电极中的触控电极作为感应电极,即使用PIN A感应与其连接的触控电极的电信号。 [0053] a transverse strip electrode as a drive electrode barrier fence, i.e. to their use PIN H grating electrodes connected to AC voltage signal is transmitted, may be particularly 5V AC input; touch electrode using lateral stripe electrodes as touch transmitting touch electrode and the drive electrode PIN, i.e., a PIN B connected thereto to the same alternating voltage signal H may specifically be 5 V AC input; touch electrode using longitudinal stripe electrode as an induction electrode, i.e. using a PIN a touch sensing electrode electrical connection thereto.

[0054] 这样,通电后的横向条状电极和面电极形成了电场,使得对应的液晶偏转形成屏障栅栏,实现了纵向三维光栅显示模式。 [0054] Thus, the transverse strip electrodes and the surface electrodes after the energization electric field is formed, so that the liquid crystal corresponding to deflecting barrier fence formed realized longitudinal three-dimensional raster display mode.

[0055] 通电后的横向条状电极中的触控电极作为触控的驱动电极,纵向条状电极中的触控电极作为感应电极,实现了触控功能。 [0055] The touch electrode lateral strip electrodes as the energization of the driving electrodes of the touch, the touch electrodes longitudinal stripe electrode as an induction electrode to achieve a touch function. [0056] 较佳地,为了增加触控电极间耦合电容,增加介电常数的同时,并提高信噪比,从而提高触控的灵敏度,还可以使用纵向条状电极中的光栅电极作为浮空Drnnrny,即使用PINV向与其连接的光栅电极输入OV电压。 [0056] Preferably, in order to increase the coupling capacitance between the touch electrodes, while increasing dielectric constant, and improved signal to noise ratio, thereby improving the sensitivity of touch, grating electrodes may also be used as a longitudinal stripe electrodes are floating Drnnrny, i.e. using PINV grating electrodes connected thereto to input voltage OV.

[0057] 实例二:横向三维显示和触控功能的实现,如图5所示。 [0057] Example 2: lateral achieve three-dimensional display and touch functions, as shown in FIG.

[0058] 使用纵向条状电极作为屏障栅栏的驱动电极,即使用PIN V向与其连接的光栅电极传递交流电压信号,具体可以为输入5V交流电;使用纵向条状电极中的触控电极作为触控的驱动电极,即使用PIN A向与其连接的触控电极传递与PIN V相同的交流电压信号,具体可以为输入5 V交流电;使用横向条状电极中的触控电极作为感应电极,即使用PIN B感应与其连接的触控电极的电信号。 [0058] Using the electrode as a drive electrode strip longitudinal barrier fence, i.e., the use of PIN V to its transmission grating electrode connected to an alternating voltage signal, may be particularly 5V AC input; touch electrode using longitudinal stripe electrodes as touch driving electrodes, i.e., a PIN a touch electrode connected thereto and transmitting the same PIN V alternating voltage signal, may be a particularly 5 V AC input; touch electrode using lateral stripe electrode as an induction electrode, i.e. using a PIN the B electrical signal of the touch sensing electrode connected thereto.

[0059] 这样,通电后的纵向条状电极和面电极形成了电场,使得对应的液晶偏转形成屏障栅栏,实现了横向三维光栅显示模式。 [0059] Thus, the longitudinal strip electrodes and the surface electrodes after the energization electric field is formed, so that the liquid crystal corresponding to deflecting barrier fence formed, laterally realized three-dimensional raster display mode.

[0060] 通电后的纵向条状电极中的触控电极作为触控的驱动电极,横向条状电极中的触控电极作为感应电极,实现了触控功能。 [0060] The touch electrode longitudinal strip electrodes as the energization of the driving electrodes of the touch, the touch electrode lateral strip electrodes as the sensing electrodes, to achieve a touch function.

[0061] 较佳地,为了增加触控电极间耦合电容,增加介电常数的同时,并提高信噪比,从而提高触控的灵敏度,还可以使用横向条状电极中的光栅电极作为浮空Drnnrny,即使用PINH向与其连接的光栅电极输入OV电压。 [0061] Preferably, in order to increase the coupling capacitance between the touch electrodes, while increasing dielectric constant, and improved signal to noise ratio, thereby improving the sensitivity of touch, grating electrodes may also be used as a lateral stripe electrodes floating Drnnrny, i.e. using PINH grating electrodes connected thereto to input voltage OV.

[0062] 通过上述两个实例可以看出,本发明实施例提供的液晶光栅既可以实现双方向的三维光栅显示模式,也可以实现触控功能,极大地提升了液晶光栅的竞争力。 [0062] can be seen from the above two examples, a liquid crystal shutter provided in the embodiment of the present invention can achieve both sides of the three-dimensional raster display mode, the touch function can be achieved, which greatly enhance the competitiveness of the liquid crystal grating.

[0063] 基于同一发明构思,本发明实施例还提供了一种3D显示器件、3D显示装置和液晶光栅的制备方法,由于该装置及方法解决问题的原理与前述一种液晶光栅相似,因此该装置和方法的实施可以参见液晶光栅的实施,重复之处不再赘述。 [0063] Based on the same inventive concept, an embodiment of the present invention further provides a 3D display device, 3D liquid crystal display device and a method of preparation of the grating, since the apparatus and method to solve the problem with the principle of a liquid similar grating, so that the embodiment of apparatus and methods can be found in liquid crystal gratings embodiment, repeated description of which will not be repeated.

[0064] 本发明实施例提供的一种3D显示装置3D显示器件,包括液晶面板和设置在液晶面板上方的液晶光栅,该液晶光栅为本发明实施例提供的上述液晶光栅。 Embodiment [0064] The present invention provides a 3D display device provided in the 3D display device, comprising a liquid crystal panel and a liquid crystal shutter disposed above the liquid crystal panel, the liquid crystal grating on the grating according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0065] 具体地,本发明实施例提供的3D显示器件3D显示装置,如图6所示,其中虚线框部分为本发明实施例提供的液晶光栅,其通过OCA (Optical ClearAdhesive,光学胶)114固定在液晶面板115的表面,其中液晶面板可以是LCD显示屏、LED显示屏等,在此不做限定。 [0065] Specifically, 3D 3D display device according to an embodiment of the present invention, the display apparatus shown in Figure 6, wherein the liquid crystal enclosed by the broken grating according to an embodiment of the present invention, by OCA (Optical ClearAdhesive, optical adhesive) 114 immobilized on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 115, which may be a liquid crystal panel LCD display, LED display, etc., which is not defined.

[0066] 本发明实施例还提供了一种3D显示装置,包括本发明实施例提供的上述3D显示器件。 Example [0066] The present invention further provides a 3D display device, comprising the above-described 3D display device according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0067] 本发明实施例提供的一种液晶光栅的制备方法,如图7所示,具体包括以下步骤: [0067] The method for producing a liquid crystal gratings according to an embodiment of the present invention, shown in Figure 7, includes the following steps:

[0068] S701、在第一基板上形成第一方向条状电极,如图8a所示,其具体过程为:在第一基板上沉积第一层ΙΊΌ,对第一层ITO进行构图工艺得到第一方向条状电极。 [0068] S701, the substrate is formed in a first direction on a first strip electrode, shown in Figure 8a, the specific process is: ΙΊΌ first layer is deposited on the first substrate, the first layer of ITO patterning process is obtained a direction of the stripe electrodes.

[0069] S702、在第一方向条状电极上制备绝缘材料层,如图8b所示; [0069] S702, the insulating material layer is prepared in the first direction stripe electrodes, as illustrated in FIG 8B;

[0070] 进一步地,在制备绝缘材料层后,还可以通过构图工艺在绝缘材料层上形成过孔,第一方向条状电极可以通过过孔和后续形成的金属接线柱PIN相连。 [0070] Further, the insulating material layer after the preparation, may be formed through a patterning process on the insulating material layer via hole, a first electrode direction through the strip through hole and a metal terminal is connected to a subsequently formed PIN.

[0071] S703、在绝缘材料层上形成第二方向条状电极,该第二方向条状电极与第一方向条状电极绝缘,其具体过程为:首先,如图8c所示,利用构图工艺在绝缘材料层上形成金属接线柱PIN ;然后,如图8d所示,在绝缘材料层上形成第二层ΙΤ0,对第二层ITO进行构图工艺得到第二方向条状电极。 [0071] S703, the insulating material layer is formed on the stripe electrodes in the second direction, the second direction of the stripe electrode and the first electrode insulating strip direction, which is a specific process: First, as shown in FIG. 8c, a patterning process using a metal post formed on the insulating material layer PIN; then, shown in Figure 8d, a second layer formed on the insulating material layer ΙΤ0, a second layer of ITO patterning process is to obtain a second direction stripe electrodes. [0072] 进一步地,在形成第二方向条状电极之后,如图8e所示,还可以在第二方向条状电极之上涂布一层取向膜。 [0072] Further, after forming the second electrode strip direction, as shown in Figure 8E, also in the second direction over the strip-like electrodes coated with a layer oriented film.

[0073] S704、在第二基板上形成面电极,如图8f所示; [0073] S704, an electrode is formed on the second substrate surface, as shown in FIG. 8F;

[0074] 进一步地,在形成面电极之后,如图8g所示,还可以在面电极之上涂布一层取向膜。 [0074] Further, after forming the surface electrodes, as shown in Figure 8g, the alignment film may also be coated with a layer above the surface of the electrode.

[0075] S705、将第一基板与第二基板进行对盒处理,具体过程为:如图8h所示,在第二基板的边缘涂覆封框胶,形成胶框;然后,如图Si所示,将第一基板和第二基板进行对盒处理,并注入液晶。 [0075] S705, the first and second substrates on the cassette for processing, specific process: As shown, the edge sealant coated substrate in a second 8h, plastic frame is formed; Then, as the Si shown, the first substrate and the second substrate to the process cartridge, and liquid crystal is injected. 同时,也可先进行ODF液晶滴注,然后再将第一基板和第二基板进行对盒处理。 At the same time, may be performed first ODF ODF, then the cassette to be processed first and second substrates.

[0076] 上述步骤S70fS703与S704可以同时进行,也可以分别进行,在此不限定执行顺序。 [0076] The above step S704 may be performed simultaneously with S70fS703 may be performed separately, this is not limited to the execution order.

[0077] 本发明实施例提供的上述液晶光栅的制备方法,由于第一方向条状电极和第二方向条状电极都设置在第一基板的一侧,因此,在液晶光栅具体制备时,不需要对第一基板进行翻转操作,即可在第一基板上制备两层条状电极,相对于将两层条状电极设置在第一基板两侧的设计,制备相对简单。 [0077] The production method of the liquid crystal gratings according to an embodiment of the present invention, since a first direction and a second direction stripe electrodes are stripe-shaped electrodes disposed on one side of the first substrate, therefore, when the specific preparation of the liquid crystal grating, not required for reversing operation of the first substrate, two strip electrodes on the first substrate can be prepared with respect to the strip electrode layers disposed on both sides of the first substrate design, preparation is relatively simple.

[0078] 本发明实施例提供的一种液晶光栅、其制备方法、3D显示器件及3D显示装置,由第一基板、第二基板和胶框围城的空间中具有液晶;在第一基板面向液晶的一面具有第一方向条状电极,在第一方向条状电极之上具有与其绝缘的第二方向条状电极;在第二基板面向液晶的一面具有面电极。 [0078] A liquid crystal shutter according to an embodiment of the present invention, methods for their preparation, 3D display device and a 3D display apparatus, by the first substrate, the second substrate and the space in the mold frame having a liquid crystal Siege; first substrate facing the liquid crystal side electrode strip having a first direction, the first direction over the strip having a second electrode strip electrodes insulated direction; a second substrate having a surface facing one surface of the liquid crystal electrode. 分别对第一方向条状电极或第二方向条状电极通电,都能与面电极形成电场,使得对应的液晶偏转,能够在与第一方向垂直的方向或在与第二方向垂直的方向形成屏障栅栏,从而实现双方向的三维光栅显示模式。 Strip electrodes, respectively, the first direction or a second direction stripe electrodes energized electrode surface and can form an electric field, the liquid crystal corresponding to the deflection, or can be formed in a direction perpendicular to the second direction in a direction perpendicular to the first direction barrier fence, enabling the two sides to display a three-dimensional raster pattern.

[0079] 显然,本领域的技术人员可以对本发明进行各种改动和变型而不脱离本发明的精神和范围。 [0079] Obviously, those skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 这样,倘若本发明的这些修改和变型属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本发明也意图包含这些改动和变型在内。 Thus, if these modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the claims of the invention and the scope of equivalents thereof, the present invention intends to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (10)

1.一种液晶光栅,包括第一基板,第二基板,密封连接所述第一基板和所述第二基板边缘的胶框,位于由所述第一基板、所述第二基板和所述胶框围成的空间中的液晶,其特征在于,还包括: 所述第一基板面向液晶的一面具有第一方向条状电极,在所述第一方向条状电极之上具有与其绝缘的第二方向条状电极; 所述第二基板面向液晶的一面具有面电极; 所述第一基板具有与所述第一方向条状电极相连的第一电信号输入输出端,以及与所述第二方向条状电极相连的第二电信号输入输出端; 所述第一电信号输入输出端具体包括:第一类第一电信号输入输出端PINV和多个第二类第一电信号输入输出端ΡΙΝΑ,所述PINV通过导线与预先定义为光栅电极的第一方向条状电极相连,一个所述PINA与一个预先定义为触控电极的第一方向条状电极相连;其中,将每间隔M条 A liquid crystal shutter comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a first seal connecting said substrate and said second substrate edge plastic frame, positioned by the first substrate, the second substrate and the plastic frame in a space surrounded by the liquid crystal, characterized by further comprising: a first substrate having a first side facing the direction of the liquid crystal stripe electrodes, on the electrode strip having a first insulated in said first direction second direction stripe electrodes; said second substrate having one surface facing the liquid crystal surface of an electrode; the first substrate having a first input electrical signal output terminal connected to the strip electrode to the first direction, and the second the second electrical signal output connected to the input direction stripe electrodes; the first electrical signal input and output terminals comprises: a first input electrical signal output of a first type and a plurality of second type PINV first electrical signal input and output terminal ΡΙΝΑ, the PINV previously defined by a wire grating as a first electrode direction stripe electrodes connected to one of said predefined PINA with a strip electrode connected to a first direction of the touch electrode; wherein each of the M intervals 第一方向条状电极定义为所述触控电极,除触控电极之外的第一方向电极定义为所述光栅电极; 所述第二电信号输入输出端具体包括:第一类第二电信号输入输出端PINH和多个第二类第二电信号输入输出端ΡΙΝΒ,所述PINH通过导线与预先定义为光栅电极的第二方向条状电极相连,一个所述PINB与一个预先定义为触控电极的第二方向条状电极相连;其中,将每间隔N条的第二方向条状电极定义为所述触控电极,除触控电极之外的第二方向电极定义为所述光栅电极。 The strip electrodes defining a first direction of the touch electrode, the first electrode defines a direction other than the touch electrode to said grating electrodes; said second electrical input and output terminals comprises: a first electrically second category the signal input and output terminals and a plurality of second type PINH a second electrical signal input and output terminal ΡΙΝΒ, PINH the strip through a wire connected to pre-defined direction of the grating electrodes as a second electrode, and a PINB said predefined as a contact a second directional control electrode connected to the strip electrodes; wherein each interval of the second strip electrodes of the N direction is defined as the touch electrode, a second electrode define a direction other than the touch electrode to said grating electrodes .
2.如权利要求1所述的液晶光栅,其特征在于,所述第一方向条状电极与所述第二方向条状电极异面垂直。 2. The liquid crystal grating according to claim 1, wherein the first electrode and the second stripe direction stripe electrodes isobutyl direction perpendicular to the plane.
3.如权利要求1所述的液晶光栅,`其特征在于,所述第一方向条状电极中相邻电极之间的间距与第二方向条状电极中相邻电极之间的间距相同。 The liquid crystal grating according to claim 1, 'wherein the same pitch spacing between adjacent electrodes in the second direction between the stripe electrode of the first electrode adjacent direction stripe electrodes.
4.如权利要求1所述的液晶光栅,其特征在于,还包括: 位于所述第一方向条状电极和所述第二方向条状电极之间的绝缘材料层; 所述绝缘材料层包括在对应于所述第一电信号输入输出端的位置预留的第一过孔;所述第一电信号输入输出端通过所述第一过孔与所述第一方向条状电极连接;或所述绝缘材料层包括在对应于所述第二电信号输入输出端的位置预留的第二过孔;所述第二电信号输入输出端通过所述第二过孔与所述第二方向条状电极连接。 The liquid crystal grating according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising: a bar-shaped electrode in the first direction, an insulating material layer between the strip electrode and the second direction; the insulating material layer comprises reserved at positions corresponding to the first electrical signal input and output terminal of said first via hole; the first electrical signal input and output terminals of said first through hole and the first direction through the strip electrode; or the said insulating layer comprises a material reserved in the position corresponding to the second electrical signal input and output terminal of the second via hole; the second electrical signal input and output terminals of said second via hole through the strip to the second direction electrode.
5.如权利要求1所述的液晶光栅,其特征在于,所述PINA用于向与其连接的触控电极传递交流电压信号,所述PINB用于感应与其连接的触控电极的电信号;或所述PINB用于向与其连接的触控电极传递交流电压信号,所述PINA用于感应与其连接的触控电极的电信号。 The liquid crystal grating according to claim 1, wherein the electrode for a touch PINA AC voltage signal to the transmission connected thereto, the PINB an electrical signal of the touch sensing electrode connected thereto; or PINB to the touch electrode for transmitting an alternating voltage signal connected thereto, the PINA an electrical signal of the touch sensing electrode connected thereto.
6.如权利要求5所述的液晶光栅,其特征在于,当所述PINA用于向与其连接的触控电极传递交流电压信号时,所述PINV用于向与其连接的光栅电极传递与所述PINA相同的交流电压信号,所述PINH用于向与其连接的光栅电极输入OV电压;或当所述PINB用于向与其连接的触控电极传递交流电压信号时,所述PINH用于向与其连接的光栅电极传递与所述PINB相同的交流电压信号,所述PINV用于向与其连接的光栅电极输入OV电压。 The liquid crystal grating as claimed in claim 5, wherein, when the touch electrode is connected thereto for the PINA transmitted alternating voltage signal, said grating for PINV transmitted to the electrode connected thereto with the PINA same alternating voltage signal, the PINH connected thereto for supplying the raster electrode input voltage OV; or when the touch electrode is connected thereto PINB for transmitting alternating voltage signal, for connecting thereto with a PINH transmission grating electrodes and an AC voltage signal of the same PINB, for the PINV voltage OV to the electrode input grating connected thereto.
7.—种3D显示器件,包括液晶面板和设置于所述液晶面板上方的液晶光栅,其特征在于,所述液晶光栅为权利要求1至6任一项所述的液晶光栅。 7.- kinds of 3D display device comprising a liquid crystal panel and a liquid crystal disposed above the grating of the liquid crystal panel, wherein said liquid crystal is a grating as claimed in claim liquid crystal shutter according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
8.一种3D显示装置,其特征在于,包括如权利要求7所述的3D显示器件。 A 3D display apparatus, characterized by comprising a 3D display device as claimed in claim 7.
9.一种液晶光栅的制备方法,其特征在于,包括: 在第一基板上形成第一方向条状电极;将每间隔M条的第一方向条状电极定义为触控电极,除触控电极之外的第一方向电极定义为光栅电极; 在所述第一方向条状电极上制备绝缘材料层;利用构图工艺在所述绝缘材料层上形成金属接线柱PIN,所述金属接线柱PIN包括与所述第一方向条状电极相连的第一电信号输入输出端,以及与所述第二方向条状电极相连的第二电信号输入输出端;通过构图工艺在所述绝缘材料层上形成过孔,所述第一方向条状电极通过所述过孔和第一电信号输入输出端相连;所述第一电信号输入输出端具体包括:第一类第一电信号输入输出端PINV和多个第二类第一电信号输入输出端ΡΙΝΑ,所述PINV通过导线与预先定义为光栅电极的第一方向条状电极相连,一个所述PINA与一个预先定义为触控电 A method of preparing a liquid crystal grating, characterized by comprising: forming a first substrate in a first direction stripe electrodes; strip-like electrodes defining a first direction, the M interval for each touch electrode, in addition to the touch an electrode defining a first direction of the grating electrode outside the electrode; an insulating material layer on the electrode prepared strip in said first direction; patterning process using a metal post formed on the PIN in the insulating material layer, the metal post PIN an input electrical signal comprising a first output terminal connected to said first direction stripe electrodes, and a second electrical input terminal and the second output electrode coupled to the strip direction; on the insulating material layer by a patterning process forming a via the first direction stripe electrodes through the via hole and connected to a first electrical signal input and output terminal; the first electrical signal input and output terminals comprises: a first class of a first electrical signal input and output terminal PINV and a plurality of second type of a first electrical signal input and output terminal ΡΙΝΑ, the PINV previously defined by a wire grating as a first electrode direction stripe electrodes connected to one of said predefined PINA a touch electrical 的第一方向条状电极相连;所述第二电信号输入输出端具体包括:第一类第二电信号输入输出端PINH和多个第二类第二电信号输入输出端ΡΙΝΒ,所述PINH通过导线与预先定义为光栅电极的第二方向条状电极相连,一个所述PINB与一个预先定义为触控电极的第二方向条状电极相连; 在所述绝缘材料层上形成第二方向条状电极,所述第二方向条状电极与所述第一方向条状电极绝缘;将每间隔N条的第二方向条状电极定义为触控电极,除触控电极之外的第二方向电极定义为光栅电极; 在第二基板上形成面电极;以及将所述第一基板与所述第二基板进行对盒处理。 A first electrode connected to the strip direction; the second electrical signal input and output terminals comprises: a first class of a second electrical signal input and output terminal and a plurality of second type PINH a second electrical signal input and output terminal ΡΙΝΒ, the PINH strip electrode in the second direction by a wire grating as previously defined electrode is connected to one of said predefined PINB with a strip electrode connected to the second direction of the touch electrode; a second direction is formed on the insulating strip material layer shaped electrode, the second electrode and the first strip direction stripe electrodes insulated direction; and second stripe electrodes define an interval of a touch direction of the N electrode, a second direction other than the touch electrode electrode is defined as a grating electrode; electrode surface is formed on a second substrate; and the process cartridge of the first substrate and the second substrate.
10.如权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,在第一基板上形成第一方向条状电极,具体包括:· 在第一基板上沉积第一层铟锡金属氧化物ΙΤΟ,对所述第一层ITO进行构图工艺得到第一方向条状电极; 在所述绝缘材料层上形成第二方向条状电极,具体包括: 在绝缘材料层上形成第二层ΙΊΌ,对第二层ITO进行构图工艺得到第二方向条状电极。 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the first direction stripe electrodes formed on the first substrate comprises: depositing a first layer of indium-tin-oxide ΙΤΟ metal on the first substrate, on the said first layer of ITO patterning process is to obtain a first electrode stripe direction; a second direction is formed on the insulating material layer stripe electrodes comprises: forming a second layer on the insulating ΙΊΌ material layer, a second layer of ITO a second patterning process is to give direction stripe electrodes.
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