CN102705925A - Dual-source heat pump air conditioner - Google Patents

Dual-source heat pump air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102705925A
CN102705925A CN2012100020646A CN201210002064A CN102705925A CN 102705925 A CN102705925 A CN 102705925A CN 2012100020646 A CN2012100020646 A CN 2012100020646A CN 201210002064 A CN201210002064 A CN 201210002064A CN 102705925 A CN102705925 A CN 102705925A
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water
air
source
heat
water source
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CN2012100020646A
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CN102705925B (en
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王全龄
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Qinhuangdao Chang Pu Group Co., Ltd.
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王全龄
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Abstract

The invention discloses a dual-source heat pump air conditioner which comprises an air source heat pump device and water source heat pump devices. Water source heat exchangers are configured at air suction ends of an outdoor air heat exchanger and a refrigeration compressor respectively, an end e of a first water source heat exchanger is connected with the outdoor air heat exchanger, an end f of the first water source heat exchanger is connected with an end d of a four-way reversing valve, an end g of a second water source heat exchanger is connected with a water outlet of a water source circulation pump, and an end h of the second water source heat exchanger is connected with a first conversion valve and a third conversion valve, so that the dual-source heat pump air conditioner with an air source provided by the outdoor air heat exchanger and a water source provided by the water heat exchanger is realized. Compared with the prior art, the dual-source heat pump air conditioner has the advantages of simple structure, easiness in operation and capabilities of improving efficiency of an air source heat pump and lowering power consumption.

Description

A kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of air source and water source double source convolution heat pump air conditioner, relate in particular to a kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning.
Background technology
That air source heat pump has is simple in structure, easy for installation, maintenance is little etc., and advantage is that any air-conditioning can't match in excellence or beauty; But air source heat pump is when temperature is lower than below 5 ℃ in the winter time; Its heating efficiency begins obvious decline; When summer temperature was higher than more than 30 ℃, refrigerating efficiency just began decay, and these two shortcomings have become the main cause that air source heat pump causes inefficiency at present.In order to improve the efficient of air source heat pump, reduce power consumption, can assist the configuration solar water winter, improve heating efficiency, can dispose cooling tower in summer, the water cooling improves refrigerating efficiency.Yet the air source product that prior art is produced can't be realized the access and the configuration at above-mentioned water source, can only accomplish single air source heat pump function operation, in the face of feeling simply helpless at various water sources at the moment.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to address the above problem, a kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning is provided, the advantage that it has efficient simple in structure, easy to operate, as to improve air source heat pump and reduces power consumption.
The objective of the invention is to realize through following technical scheme:
A kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning; Comprise by heat pump apparatus of air source and headwaters heat pump and constituting; Constitute the air source heat-exchanger rig by outdoor air heat exchanger, constitute the water source heat-exchanger rig by water source heat exchanger and solar thermal collector and air heat exchange water tower, an end of described air heat exchanger is connected with expansion valve; The other end is connected with an e end of water source heat exchanger; The f end is connected with the d end of four-way change-over valve, and the g end of said water source heat exchanger secondary is connected with the delivery port of water source circulating pump, and the h end is connected with the 3rd conversion valve with first conversion valve; Realization provides air source by said outdoor air heat exchanger, the double-source heat pump air-conditioning that provides the water source to constitute by said water source heat exchanger.
Further, said heat pump apparatus of air source is made up of refrigeration compressor, four-way change-over valve, indoor heat exchanger, expansion valve, outdoor air heat exchanger and water source heat exchanger; Headwaters heat pump is made up of solar thermal collector, solar energy water circulating pump, heat storing and heat preserving water tank, water source circulating pump, first conversion valve, second conversion valve, the 3rd conversion valve, the 4th conversion valve and air heat exchange water tower.
Preferably, said air heat exchange water tower is enclosed water tower or open type water tower.
Further, the water source that is connected with the j end of the i of the secondary side of described water source heat exchanger end be the solar heat-preservation water source or coupled and heat-exchange pipe water source or well water water source or river water source or river water source or lake water water source or seawater water source or sewage source or used heat waste heat water source or electric heating water source or water tower water source.
Preferably, be anti-icing fluid the water source winter in the said air heat exchange water tower.
Constitute air conditioner refrigerating by air conditioner cold-heat matchmaker water pump and fan coil and heat the output circulatory system.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: summer through but refrigeration system of the water-cooled in this double-source heat pump air-conditioning, improved refrigerating efficiency with cold water, guaranteed that the highly effective refrigeration of air-conditioning under hot weather can carry out smoothly, reduced power consumption; In the winter time through the solar water auxiliary heating system in this double-source heat pump air-conditioning; Improve the heating efficiency of air-conditioning, and change the water in the air heat exchange water tower into anti-icing fluid in the winter time, through anti-icing fluid and air heat exchange; Extract airborne low-temperature heat quantity; Overcome the disadvantage of outdoor air heat exchanger frosting defrost, improved the winter air heat exchange efficiency, reduced power consumption; Contrast prior art, this double-source heat pump air-conditioning have efficient simple in structure, easy to operate, as to improve air source heat pump and reduce the advantage of power consumption.
Description of drawings
According to accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is done further explain below.
Fig. 1 is the system diagram of a kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning of the present invention.
Among the figure:
1, refrigeration compressor; 2, four-way change-over valve; 3, indoor heat exchanger; 4, expansion valve; 5, outdoor air heat exchanger; 6, water source heat exchanger; 7, air conditioner cold-heat matchmaker water pump; 8, fan coil; 9, solar thermal collector; 10, solar energy water circulating pump; 11, heat storing and heat preserving water tank; 12, air heat exchange water tower; 13, water source circulating pump; 14, first conversion valve; 15, second conversion valve; 16, the 3rd conversion valve; 17, the 4th conversion valve.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1; In present embodiment; A kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning of the present invention; Comprise heat pump apparatus of air source and headwaters heat pump, heat pump apparatus of air source once is made up of refrigeration compressor 1, four-way change-over valve 2, indoor heat exchanger 3, expansion valve 4, outdoor air heat exchanger 5 and water source heat exchanger 6; Headwaters heat pump is made up of water source heat exchanger 6, solar thermal collector 9, solar energy water circulating pump 10, heat storing and heat preserving water tank 11, water source circulating pump 13, first conversion valve 14, second conversion valve 15, the 3rd conversion valve 16, the 4th conversion valve 17 and air heat exchange water tower 12; Suction end configuration water source heat exchanger 6 by outdoor air heat exchanger 5 and refrigeration compressor 1; Water source heat exchanger 6 e end once is connected with outdoor air heat exchanger 5; The f end is connected with the d end of four-way change-over valve 2; The g end of water source heat exchanger 6 secondaries is connected with the delivery port of water source circulating pump 13; H end is connected with the 3rd conversion valve 16 with first conversion valve 14, and realization provides air source by outdoor air heat exchanger 5, the double-source heat pump air-conditioning that provides the water source to constitute by water source heat exchanger 6.
Summer, refrigeration compressor 1 exhaust was held through the solid line a to d of four-way change-over valve 2 when temperature≤30 ℃, and heat exchanger 6 is once through the water source again; Condensation heat is disposed in the air to outdoor air heat exchanger 5; If during weather hot temperature>=35 ℃, water source circulating pump 13 is opened operation, the secondary of water circulating pump 13 to the water source heat exchanger 6 through the water source in the air heat exchange water tower 12; Through 12 coolings of the 3rd conversion valve 16 to air heat exchange water tower; Cross cooling water after cold through the 4th conversion valve 17 to water source circulating pump 13, constitute but refrigeration system of water-cooled, guaranteed hot weather highly effective refrigeration operation; Condensed cold-producing medium by expansion valve 4 throttlings after; Absorb the heat in the refrigerant recirculated waters to indoor heat exchanger 3 evaporation, the gas after the evaporation heat absorption is sucked the continued compression through the b to c of four-way change-over valve 2 end by refrigeration compressor 1, repeats above-mentioned process of refrigerastion.
Winter, refrigeration compressor 1 exhaust was held through the dotted line a to b of four-way change-over valve 2 when temperature >=0 ℃, again to indoor heat exchanger 3, exported condensation heat to be made up of air conditioner cold-heat matchmaker water pump 7 and fan coil 8 heating loop through indoor heat exchanger 3, realized heating.Cold-producing medium after the condensation heat release is after absorbing the air heats to outdoor air heat exchanger 5 evaporation after expansion valve 4 throttlings; An e to f of gas heat exchanger 6 through the water source holds; Send into the suction end continuation compression of refrigeration compressor 1 again through the d to c of four-way change-over valve 2 end, repeat above-mentioned heating operation.
Winter is when temperature≤0 ℃; Refrigeration compressor 1 exhaust is held through a to b of four-way change-over valve 2; After indoor heat exchanger 3 heat release condensations, cold-producing medium is after expansion valve 4 throttlings, to outdoor air heat exchanger 5 evaporation absorption air heats again; Heat exchanger 6 is once continued heating by secondary solar energy through the water source again, and its process is: the solar energy optical-thermal hold over system that is made up of solar thermal collector 9, solar heat water-circulating pump 10 and heat storing and heat preserving water tank 11.Hot water is by heat storing and heat preserving water tank 11 warps second conversion valve 15 entering water source circulating pumps 13; Again by secondary to the first conversion valve 14 to the heat storing and heat preserving water tank 11 of water source circulating pump 13 with solar heat-preservation water heat exchanger 6 through the water source; Circulating pump 13 constitutes the solar water auxiliary heating system through conversion valve 15 to water source again, improves heat pump heating efficiency in winter.Also can change water tower water into anti-icing fluid in the winter time, constitute spray liquid formula air heat exchange columns, through anti-icing fluid and air heat exchange; Extract airborne low-temperature heat quantity; Overcome the disadvantage of outdoor air heat exchanger 5 frosting defrosts, improved the winter air heat exchange efficiency, reduced operating cost.In application of air heat exchanger when operation in winter, the blower fan of outdoor air heat exchanger 5 cuts out or cancels air heat exchanger 5 and air heat exchange.
The invention is not restricted to above-mentioned solar energy and water tower water source; Also can by water source interface i and j insert well water, all kinds of water sources such as soil heat exchange Guan Shui, river, river, lake, seawater, spent hot water, remaining hot water or source of sewage that are coupled, and the form of air heat exchange water tower 12 also can all can for enclosed water tower or open type water tower.

Claims (6)

1. double-source heat pump air-conditioning; It is characterized in that; Comprise by heat pump apparatus of air source and headwaters heat pump constituting, constitute the air source heat-exchanger rig, by water source heat exchanger (6) and solar thermal collector (9) and air heat exchange water tower (12) formation water source heat-exchanger rig by outdoor air heat exchanger (5); Link to each other with expansion valve (4) once (e) end of the other end and water source heat exchanger (6) of one end of described air heat exchanger (5) is connected; (f) end is connected with (d) end of four-way change-over valve (2), and (g) end of said water source heat exchanger (6) secondary is connected with the delivery port of water source circulating pump (13), and (h) end is connected with the 3rd conversion valve (16) with first conversion valve (14); Realization provides air source by said outdoor air heat exchanger (5), and the double-source heat pump air-conditioning of water source formation is provided by said water source heat exchanger (6).
2. a kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning according to claim 1; It is characterized in that said heat pump apparatus of air source is made up of refrigeration compressor (1), four-way change-over valve (2), indoor heat exchanger (3), expansion valve (4), outdoor air heat exchanger (5) and water source heat exchanger (6); Headwaters heat pump is made up of solar thermal collector (9), solar energy water circulating pump (10), heat storing and heat preserving water tank (11), water source circulating pump (13), first conversion valve (14), second conversion valve (15), the 3rd conversion valve (16), the 4th conversion valve (17) and air heat exchange water tower (12).
3. a kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said air heat exchange water tower (12) is enclosed water tower or open type water tower.
4. a kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning according to claim 1; It is characterized in that the water source that (i) end of the secondary side of described water source heat exchanger (6) is connected with (j) end is solar heat-preservation water source or coupled and heat-exchange pipe water source, ground or well water water source or river water source or river water source or lake water water source or seawater water source or sewage source or used heat waste heat water source or electric heating water source or water tower water source.
5. a kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning according to claim 3 is characterized in that, be anti-icing fluid the water source winter in the said air heat exchange water tower (12).
6. a kind of double-source heat pump air-conditioning according to claim 1 is characterized in that, constitutes air conditioner refrigerating by air conditioner cold-heat matchmaker water pump (7) and fan coil (8) and heats the output circulatory system.
CN201210002064.6A 2012-01-05 2012-01-05 A kind of dual-source heat pump air conditioner Active CN102705925B (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102980323A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-03-20 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Power heat pipe type central air-conditioner
CN103591663A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-02-19 东南大学 Winter and summer dual efficient heat-pump air-conditioner method and system based on energy tower
CN103925729A (en) * 2013-01-15 2014-07-16 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioning system and central air-conditioner with same
CN104075484A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-10-01 新疆太阳能科技开发公司 Heating air conditioning system for comprehensively utilizing solar energy and air energy and running method
CN104214907A (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-12-17 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Air-conditioning system
CN104677134A (en) * 2013-11-30 2015-06-03 尚立新 Recovery device for preparing fresh water and purifying air by utilizing waste heat, and using method of recovery device
CN104764101A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-07-08 东南大学 Family waste heat auxiliary type air source heat pump system
CN105650943A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-06-08 天津众石睿哲科技有限责任公司 Phase-change heat storage type carbon dioxide air source solar-assisted heat pump
CN106524592A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-03-22 翁志远 Energy-saving refrigeration device, system and technology
CN110940010A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-03-31 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Double-heat-exchange-source air conditioner heat exchange system and air conditioner

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102980323A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-03-20 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Power heat pipe type central air-conditioner
CN102980323B (en) * 2012-12-10 2016-06-08 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 A kind of power heat pipe type central air-conditioner
CN103925729A (en) * 2013-01-15 2014-07-16 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioning system and central air-conditioner with same
CN103925729B (en) * 2013-01-15 2016-08-24 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioning system and include the central air-conditioning of this system
CN104214907A (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-12-17 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Air-conditioning system
CN103591663A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-02-19 东南大学 Winter and summer dual efficient heat-pump air-conditioner method and system based on energy tower
CN103591663B (en) * 2013-11-21 2016-04-06 东南大学 Two high-efficiency heat pump air-conditioning system of a kind of summer in winter based on energy tower and method
CN104677134A (en) * 2013-11-30 2015-06-03 尚立新 Recovery device for preparing fresh water and purifying air by utilizing waste heat, and using method of recovery device
CN104677134B (en) * 2013-11-30 2017-11-24 尚立新 Utilize retracting device and its application method of the waste heat to prepare fresh water and purify air
CN104075484A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-10-01 新疆太阳能科技开发公司 Heating air conditioning system for comprehensively utilizing solar energy and air energy and running method
CN104764101A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-07-08 东南大学 Family waste heat auxiliary type air source heat pump system
CN105650943A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-06-08 天津众石睿哲科技有限责任公司 Phase-change heat storage type carbon dioxide air source solar-assisted heat pump
CN106524592A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-03-22 翁志远 Energy-saving refrigeration device, system and technology
CN110940010A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-03-31 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Double-heat-exchange-source air conditioner heat exchange system and air conditioner

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Effective date of registration: 20190523

Address after: 066000 Five Floors of Zhongjia Building, Haigang District, Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province

Patentee after: Qinhuangdao Chang Pu Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: 214192 99 Xishan road three, Xishan Economic Development Zone, Wuxi, Jiangsu

Patentee before: Wang Quanling